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Thousand Destitute Blind 
Persons Receive $48 Apiece in 
Brooklyn Charities Building. 

Five hundred destitute blind men 
arid vom«n of Brooklyn went yester- 
day to the Charities Department build- 
ing and received $4S apiece, the amount 
set aside yearly by the Legislature. 
Hundreds of persons halted in Scher- 
merhorn street to watch the sightless 
ones led up by relatives. Deputy Com- 
missioner Hynes had provided chairs 
for the Invalids. 

A man more than eighty years old 
became almost hysterical as be ap- 
proached the paying desk. He could 
not let his palm stay open as Clerk 
Hennessy counted the bills into it. His 
fingers kept clutching at every one in 

Three blind mothers were accom- 
panied by their three blind daughters. 
Although ninety-eight years old. Pat- 
rick McCoy, of No. 125 Sixth street, 
Brooklyn, has appealed to the city for 
aid only twice. His money will be 
taken to his home this year, for Patrick 
is no longer able to walk. _ 


Hind Proprietor Thanks All 
Who Helped Him Start 

"Help the blind. Get them startec 
In some, business that will take them 
off the streets. Remove tiiem from The 
constant gaze of the public and thus 
lessen their humiliation." 

This sentiment was expressed last 
night by D. C. Griswold, a blind man, 
at his formal opening of the "Cafe de 
Griswold," 917 Cedar avenue. He re^ 
membered that it was through help 
given him after his little lunchwagon 
had burned down that made it possible 
for him to last night announce him- 
self free from further charity and ia- 
dependent in his chosen field. 

Appreciates Assistance. 

"I suppose this is the happiest dav 
or my life," he said, as he pointed 
with his cane to the furnishing of the 
little lunchroom, which he could not 
see. "I will never forget the debt I 
owe the newspapers and many friends 
who built this place for me.' I know 
encugh about printers' ink to realize 
i-Jnn nows P a P er s Rave me at least 
$o,000 worth of advertising in the cam- 
paign that resulted in starting this 

Through generous responses a finel 
lunchroom was built by popular sub-i 
scription, after Griswold 's lunchwagon 
burned. The man wanted to keep his 
family together. He may now do that 
and make a. good living for them. 

At the opening last night Mrs J 
Hannaha Maher presided at the spick 
and span gas range. She was turning 
out short orders of ' ' ham-and, " " fried 

. on-bothsides" and hamburger about as 
as Jimmy Griswold, 15 years old, 

1 couM carry them to the customers 

assisted in starting the. father in the 
lunch business. Mr. Griswold was Cap- 
tain of Compjvrv G, Mvstf I'uliiA LNa- 
i.' Guards, in 1903. Two years later 
lie lost his sight. Last spring his place 
burned down and he attempted to make 
a living for his little familygwkLlH, 
a living for his little flock by selling 
postal cards. 

Clean and Shining. 
The lunchroom was as clean 

shining as a new Lincoln penny. It is 
painted in blue. On the Cedar avenue 
isidc it opens out and customers may 1 
receive their favorite eatables from 
the side. There is also space enough; 
within to serve a dozen or more at a 
time. Soft drinks are to be had in 
addition to the "regular lunchroom fare. 

A gas range was installed late yes- 
terday, and a large arc light illuminates 
the place. Another arc will be placed 
in front to attract attention, although 
the cafe do Griswold is already well 
known in the neighborhood. 

At home, 2007 Fifteenth avenue S, 
was Margaret Griswold, 13 years old. 
"little mother," who is attendin, 
to the household duties and caring f 
Alfred, 8 years old, and Mary, 4 years 
old. The mother died a few years ago, 
and Margaret has had the care of the 
family since. 

The family has been kept together 
through the kindness of persons who 



LONDON. Aug. 18.— Gen. Booth, 
head of the Salvation Army, is in 
danger of total b 1 in rl tnn— "*"— *rt"ri has 
forced him t«»«a**flffl5r> his evangelistic 
tour of the provinces. He recently un- 
derwent an operation for cataract. It 
failed to restore his failing sight and ] 
to-day he has to be led around. A 



UgliUess Who Win Oat Is 
,bove the Average. 

It is a curious fact that the ratio of 
really gifted blind people is out of all pro- 
portion to their total number when com- 
pared with those who have full power 
to see. 

The eas?s of Helen Keller and of Sena- 
tor Gore are familiar to every one. The 
middle West has produced another re- 
markable blind man in "Blind Kelley," 
the "St. Louis Sherlock Holmes," as he 
has been called, a lawyer practising at the 
bar. According to Van Norden's Maga- 
zine, his powers of deductive reasoning 
are almost uncanny. 

He can tell on entering a room how 
many persons are there assembled. He 
can give you the dimensions of the room 
without walking around it. Almost, it 
appears, he has solved the mystery of the 
fourth dimension, and has apparently 
developed a sixth sense. 

In challenging jurors this blind attor- 
ney displays a judgment of character that 
is miraculous to the man gifted with sight. 
There are honest and dishonest voices, 
he says, and he makes astonishingly 
accurate decisions. 

Walter A. Kelley lost his sight when 
11 years old. He is only 29 now. He was 
educated at a school for the blind, and 
thon took a course at the St. Louis Law 
School and was graduated with honors 
in 1904. 

He explains his professional successes 
by pointing out that the human memory 
can be so cultivated that anything read 
aloud can be engraved upon the mind to 
be caJled upon at will. 

The list of the blind who have achieved 
a success at least equal to that of seeing 
men of their own starMing in education 
and intelligence might be continued in- 
definitely. There are Gen. Brayton, the 
blind boss of Rhode Island; Chris Buck- 
lev, the blind boss of San Francisco; Dr. 
William Moon, who invented a new sys- 
tem of reading for old and insensitive 
fingers, and whose son, Robert Moon, is 
secretary of the Pennsylvania Home 
Teaching Society and Free Circulating 
Library for the Blind. 

There is the Rev. William Beresford of 
England, who lost his sight while playing 
with his little brother. Dr. Morrison 
Heady of Normandy, who lost his sight 
and hearing when a boy, but who wrote 
verses of no mean calibre. 

There is Prof. E. D. Campbell, who 
holds the chair of chemistry at Ann Arbor, 
and another blind man of the same name 
is Dr. F. J. Campbell, LL. D., who is an 
American, but holds the position of head 
at the Normal College in England. Blind 
as he is, Dr. Campbell climbed Mont 

Prof. Edward Crowell taught Latin 
at Amherst for fifty years, during twenty 
of which he was quite sightless. Prescott, 
the historian, was nearly blind. 

Nicholas Saunderson, who was blind 
from childhood, was professor of mathe- 
matics at the University of Cambridge 
in the first part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. Curiously enough he lectured on 
optics and the theory of vision. 

Queen Carmen Sylva of Rumania has 
n blind secretary, who is also the in- 
ventor of a writing machine for the blind. 
Rumania has 6,000,000 inhabitants, of 
whom 30,000 are blind. Of these, 15,000 
are married. In one year 10,000 became 
blind from traooma. 

John B. Curtiss, who superintends the 
teaching of the blind in the public schools 
of Chicago, is himself a blind man. There 
are t.200 sightless persons in New York 
city. Blind telephone operators are now 
growing in number. The first was a 
blind girl who was in a New York hos- 
pital. A switchboard was installed at the 
Association for the Blind in New York. 

One of the New York newspapers now 
has a blind telephone operator, and in 
spite of prejudice, other blind are being 
engaged by commercial concerns. A blind 
man in Brooklyn has a profitable coffee 
business. He blends the coffee and de- 
livers it. There are blind stenographers 
and typewriters. 

Vidal, the blind sculptor, went into a 
lion's den with a trainer and with his 
sensitive fingers noted the conformation 
of the fierce animal's body. The result is 
a model of a magnificent lion in aneryj 
rebellion. »* / 





The Telephone His Reliance; in Hi3 

Cot Attended Theater; Himself 

Wrote an Opera. 

MARQUETTE. Mich., Aug. 13.— In 
the death In. this city of Will. S. 
Adams, has passed a unique figure. 
He was the editor and publisher of 
the Marquette Chronicle, an eight- 
page evening daily. The unusual fact 
in connection with this journalist's 
work is that it was accomplished from 
a couch from which he never arose 
and which he had occupied continu- 
ously since 1893. 

He was aged 32, yet his weight did, 
not exceed 50 pounds. Notwithstand- 
ing the fact that he was so helpless, 
physically, that he could not handle 
a book, pen. or typewriter, and that 
his eyesight was such that he .was 
unable to read, his daily duties were 
attended to with a celerity, not ex- 
ceeded by that of any person In the 
full possession of his physical powers. 
His hearing was acute, his voice was 
unimpaired, and his brain was as 
keen as that of a college professor. 

Mr. Adams had an interesting his- 
tory. He was born in Detroit in 1877, 
•was adopted when 3 years of age by 
the late ex-Mayor Sidney Adams, of 
Marquette, and had made his home 
In this city ever since, it was 16 
yeare ago, and when he was 16 years 
old, that the young man was forced 
to take to the couch from which he 
never after arose. The malady, the 
onslaughts of which prevented him 
from going about as other people, was 
a peculiar -heumatic trouble which 
made the use of his joints impossible. 

It attacked the invalid just when 
he had entered his teens. The best of 
medical skill was unable to stop th 
progress of the affliction, and finall: 
as indicated above, after being cri; 
pled for several years, he was com 
pelled to take to his cot permanently. 

He Radiated Cheerfulness. 

The couch in no way resembled a 
«ick bed, however. The young man's 
general demeanor was not suggestive 
of invalidism. Rather than being cast 
down by what to almost any other 
person would have been a misfortune, 
this Lake Superior editor and pub- 
lisher was far from it, and he ab- 
horred anything approaching sym- 
pathy. In fact, it was not infrequent- 
ly that his friends, more favored 
physically, would drop in to gather 
some of the cheerfulness which radi- 
ated from him. 

Editor Adams had been a student 
ever since he took to his couch. His 
capacity to absorb literature was re- 
markable. More remarkable still was 
his memory. His main reliance in 
performing his daily duties, however, 
was the telephone. 

The editor had three telephones in 
his sanctum, and with the assistance 
of these and a young woman stenog- 
rapher he prepared for publication 
much the greater portion of the news 
matter which appeared In the columns 
of his paper. During the hours that 
he was awake h« wore a telephone 

operator's receiver continually. A spe- 
cial telescopic transmitter had been 
provided, and this was brought into 
position instantly. Not only did he, 
himself, furnish the great bulk of the 
copy for his paper, but he was the 
business manager, the solicitor and 
the general all-round man of the es- 

Previous to launching his dally ven- 
ture two years ago, the publisher of 
the Chronicle conducted at different 
times a monthly magazine known as 
"Chips," which gained considerable 
circulation. Later this was trans- 
ferred into a weekly. Two years ago 
a 150-page book on whose title page 
appeared the wcrds, "Old Saws With 
J^ew Teeth," was Issued as the result 

Si Mr. Adams' dictation. "Old Saws" 
i as unique as was its author. 

Attended Theater On His Cot. 

Editor Adams was passionately fond 
Of muslo. and within a few feet of 
bis cot was an auto-piano. In his 
youth he was a soprano soloist in St. 
Paul's Episcopal cathedral, and for 
five years he sang there with marked 
success. When the bill at the opera 
house was unusually attractive, the 
cot containing this unique newspaper 
man was invariably found in the wings 
Of the theater. Four years ago,, in 
collaboration with Miss Norma Ross, 
supervisor of music in the public 
schools, Mr. Adams wrote a comic 
opera, many of the lyrics of which 
were his own composition. Three 
times "Miss D. Q Pons" was given to 
packed houses in Marquette; once it 
Was presented at Sault Ste. Marie, 150 
miles away; twice it was produced at 
Calumet, and once each at Hancock 
and Ishpeming. 

Before the entire disablement of 
Marquette's unique journalist, he trav- 
eled extensively with Mr. Adams, and 
there was not a town he visited that 
■was not as familiar to him up to the 
time of his death as when he saw it 
years ago. He had the distinction of 
being the first American boy intro- 
duced to President Diaz of Mexico. 
He also was a personal friend of for- 
mer Commander-in-Chief Reyes, of 
Mexican army, now governor of 
state of Nuevo Leon. 


me^a^s* Afreet 

London s^ 

Tskpfycne, N° 5520 



Tt>e General Press (uttir)& 
fl Association ^ ' 




fd ^ : (y^wy^j . 

Mr. TENNANT (Secretary to the Board of Trade) 
informed Mr. Summerbell (Lab, Sunderlaxd) that the 
Great Eastern Railway Company required _ blmd 
passengers to relieve the company from liability for 
accidents arising from the passengers' defective eyesight. 
They were also required to have guides who would see 
them safely in. and out of trains, but, the Board of Trade 
had informed the company that such passengers might 
reasonably be allowed to travel at their own risk. 




Handled Fine Trinity Church 
Organ in Masterly Manner. 

A rare treat was afforded those who 
attended the Trinity Congregational 
church last evening to listen to the 
organ recital by Prof. Krumpeln, of 
Boston, the noted blind organist, and 
still others on the outside of the church 
enjoyed the full benefits of the de- 
lightful music, as people passing along 
the street halted in amazement at the 
flood of music which greeted them, un- 
til the sidewalk audience was larger 
than that within the church. 

AUGUST 26. 1909. 


It was marvellous how a blind man 
handled that organ, sending forth the 
sweetest notes and melodies in rapid 
succession, and reaching out and 
grasping the stops with the most un- 
erring instinct. 

All of the selections were good, but 
"The Storm," "Improvisitions," and 
"March of the French Grenadiers," all 
his own compositions, appealed more 
strongly than the others to the ap- 
preciative audience. 

"The Storm" was particularly finely 
interpreted in all its stages from the 
first blustering of its approach to the 
splendid climax, when it reached the 
pinnacle of its strength, and then 
gradually passed over, until nothing 
but the gentle patter of scattering 
rain drops, were left ay reminders of 
what had been. The audience was 
thoroughly delighted, and expressed its 
approval in generous measure. 

Prof. Krumpeln, who is slopping at 
Magnolia, will play at the Magnolia 
church on Sunday, which will be his 
last appearance in this section. 

Some energetic music lovers, how- 
ever, will try and arrange for a grand 
concert at Trinity Congregational 
church by the professor in the near 
future, and judging from last night's 
performance such an event would be 
well patronized. „,. 

Receiving Their Bounty. 

The city distributed yesterday to over 600 blind men and women, who 

are not inmates of charitable institutions or recipients of charity elsewhere, 

the annual bounty of $48 which is allowed to each worthy applicant. About 

400 lined .up at the office of the Department of Public Charities on Schermer- 

horn street, each with a friend or relative as guide. Most of the recipients of 
the bounty stood silent while it was being counted out into their hands, and 
each and every one of them thanked the officials who gave them the money. 
Some 506 blind persons are on the lists to be paid, and the total amount is 
$24,288. When the payments began it took quite a large force to handle 

Blind and Crippled. 


*»«UUl v ' 



FITCHBURG, Sept. 17.-A balloon 
ascension which promises to be of 
.more than ordinary interest is to be 
made from this city before the close 
of the season when Charles .1. Glidden, 
the well known automobile and balloon 
enthusiast of Boston, will take up a 
'deaf, dumb and blind girl student. 
I A physician will be on hand at the 
[Start to make observations, the tem- 
perature and pulse of the young woman 
will be taken at the highest i 
reached, and similar symptoms will he 
observed '«j^landing. 

Blind and Bowed With Age. 

the crowds, and every one in the department who could be spared, from 
Deputy Commissioner Hynes to the helpers and porters, gave a hand in guid- 
ing the blind people through the halls and out the door to the paymaster's 
table. Some of them were afflicted with rheumatism, with palsy, and with 
all the ills of old age. 

l%kpf?on&> N? 5520 

Tfre Geyeral Press (httu)g 
A$*>ociatiot} h$- 





V j& 


Mr. SUMMERBELL asked the President of the Board 
of Trade if he were yet in a position to report aa to the 
result of bis negotiation* with the Great Eastern Rail- 
way Company in regard to the proposed restrictions as 
to the carrying of blind passengers ; and, if so, whether 
he conld state tbe nature of the same. 

Mr. CHURCHILL Baid he was glad to be able to state 
that a satisfactory conclusion had been arrived at with 
*egard to the proposed restrictions as to carrying blind 
•passengers on the railway referred to in the question. 
The company had withdrawn the instructions requiring 
bund passengers to provide a guide for their assistance at 
certain points, and bad modified the form of contract so 
as only to absolve the company fro.n liability fdr injury 
arising outof the passenger's defective vision. 


Lorcdcw sgs?s> 

Tfc Geijerai Press (uffiflg 
Association 1*1 

Electrical Industries 

The Carriage of the Blind. — Aberdeen Town Council decline to 
accede to the request or the secretary of the Blind Association 
that persons afflicted by loss of sight should be carried free. 
Applications of a similar character have been made to various 
Councils, with, we have observed, similar results. 

Tk General Press Qflios 



Should leeds follow the example of 


To the Editor of T.':« Yorkshire Evening Post. 
Sir,— I am glad tb,vt one of your correspondents has 
drawn attention to the fact that it is the Tramways 
Committee who have the say as to the amount of 
philanthropy, freak or otherwise, that shall be allowed 
to enter into the city's business affairs. There is also 
a greater authority in reserve, viz., the people, who 
pay the rates, and the time is close at hand when their 
voice will be heard. As one of them, I should like 
to point out, that whilst it may be considered bad busi- 
ness for private persons to introduce philanthroDy 
into their business affairs, it may be a. wise thing for 
a community to allow a little of this excellent ingredi- 
ent to be mixed with the dry-as-dust consideration of 
£ s. d. 

It has bean frequently done in Leeds local affairs, 
and that ultra business department of the city, the 
tramways, are practising this virtue every day. by 
giving a reduction in fares to working men. Why is 
the privilege given, if it is not to meet -the reduction 
in wages which is entailed on those who have to pay 
tram fares when going to and from their work? 

There are over 400 blind in the city, and 75 per cent, 
receive not more than 5s. per week income, and are 
dependent upon guides when they leave home. Many 
of them have also to pay these guides a copper or 
two, and when in addition a penny joarney costs two- 
pence, they ought to .receive some consideration as 
well as sighted workmen. 

The income of the majority of the blind is known 
to the manager of the institution, and be can certify 
the same if it is found to be necessary by the Train- 
way Committee. — Yours Etc., 


Leeds, September 2nd, 1909. 


SjghtJe^ Candidate for Elec- 
flpnas Squire Thinks Af- 
fliction No Hindrance. 

"I don't want public office because 
: am blind. I want it in spite of my 

This is the way J. J. O'Donnell 
Democratic candidate for justice of 
he peace, is approaching the voters 
>f Cleveland. 

O'Donnell, who *s now twenty- j 
hree years old, has been blind since 
lis fifth year, when an attack of 

J. J. O'Donnell. 

diphtheria robbed him of his sight 
The boy grew up, a serious minded 
youngster, curious, inquisitive and 
obsessed with the idea of standing 
some day in a courtrom and pleading 

O'Donnell was graduated from the 
high school of the Ohio State School 
for the Blind at Columbus, his lean- 
ing to the law not preventing his ac- 
quisition of a thorough musical edu- 
cation, for he is an accomplished 

While in Columbus O'Donnell found 
time fo begin his law studies, studv- 
lng in a lawyer friend's office. When 
he returned to Cleveland he immedi- 
ately entered W'estern Reserve Law 
school, from which he will be gradu- 
ated next June. 

"I have met great difficulties in the 
study of the law," said O'Donnell "I 
can write well enough. I am as good 
as the next fellow at the typewriter 
And I can read point print as fast as 
the ordinary man reads with his 
eyes. But the difficulty is that law 
books are not done up In point print 
I have therefore been forced to em- 
ploy a reader." 

O'Donnell, while attending law 
school, has conducted a cigar storp x<- 
1634 W. 25th-st. e ai " 



WrtterTtells in Human Life How Walter G. Holmes 1 

Notice, Inserted as an Experiment, Attracted 

the Attention of Mrs. Ziegler. 

ill advertisement in the Her- 
ald resulted in che founding of the only 
magazine for tlie blind in America is told 
lin an interesting article by Sloane Gordon 
in the September issue of Human Life. 
Walter <;. Holmes, editor of the Matilda 
ler Magazine for the Blind, visited the 
reading room for the blind in the Library 
in Washington, one day in 
and found a copy of Hora Jucunda, a 
monthly for the blind published in Edin- 

the need of such 
a publication for the blind in this country, 
and Mr. Gordon tells how Mr. Holmes 
finally .succeeded in interesting Mrs. Ma- 
tilda Ziegler, widow of Wlliiarn Ziegler, a 
wealthy baking powder manufacturer. She 
is now spending ?:JO,000 a year in the pub- 
ion of the magazine. In a long article 
.d "The Good Angel to the Blind," 
; he describes how Mrs. Ziegler'? 
generous gift has been appreciated by the 
seventy-dive thousand blind persons in the 
united States. The article, in part, says:— 
"This talk gave the active mind of Mr. 
Holmes a great deal of food for thought. 
He figured in various ways, and spoke of 
the matter to a number of his friends. 
iow to get the money seemed an un- 
solvable puzzle. One afternoon he bought 
a copy of the New York Herald, and a, 
the head of an advertising page I 
caught his eye. 

" 'If you want anything, ask for it here," 
ran t 

'I want money for a magazine for the 
blind,' mused Mr. Holmes, 'and I guess I'll 
1." ' 
"And he did. He inserted a little want! 
advc ■ t in the HERALD the following 

morning. I.t stated briefly that the blind, 
peop! United States needed a mag- I 

azine and that there was a present oppor- \ 
tunity for practical philanthropy. Hej 

i didn't make it appear that there was to 
I be profit in the venture, but en the con- 
trary, gave the p • understand thai 
would be no monetary return from 
i such a publication. 

"Air. Holmes, like many another adver- 
tising experimentalist, had but shadowy 
in his experiment. Wherefore he wax 
ictly surprised to receive on the ver> 
next day .1 brief note from a Mrs. My- 
Ziegler, stating tersely that she had 
, seen the advertisement in the Hekald a rut 
j would like him to call." 


Tuesday, Sep. 7, 1909. 


O'Connell Literary Associatjorffj^oAis 
Outing at Rugby PaTk. * 

There was a field day and outing of 
the O'Conntll literary and athletic as- 
sociation at Rugby park, Mattapan, 
yesterday afternoon for the benefit of 
Henry Bruff, a blind musician. During 
the day there were sports of all kinds 
and Irish dancing. In the evening there 
was a musical program. 

The committee included Michael P. 

Shea, John M. 0*Neil, Thomas J. Dona- 

1 Bu'Hvan. John J. 

Ilynn, John Quinn Jr and Lawrence H. 





Sund; ;▼ -"09. 


Field Day at Rugby ParK 
A,jl 1 Tomorrow 

A field day and outing will be held at 
Rugby Park, Mattapan, tomorrow, under 
the auspices of the O'Connell Literary 
and Athletic Association of -Boston. 
The outing has been planned for the 
benefit of Henry Bruff, a talented mu- 
sician, who is blind. 

In the afternoon several events will 
be held, including, a 50-yard dash, 100- 
yard dash, mile run, running high and 
broad jump, hop, step and jump, three 
standing jumps and shot-putting. 

There will also be two football games 
between the Kerry O'Connells of Bos- 
ton and the Young Irelands of Worces- 
ter, while the County Dublin and the 
County Mayo elevens will try their 
luck against each other. There will 
also be special sports for women and 

The committee on sports includes Ml* 
chael P. Shea, chairman; John M. O'Neil, 
Thomas Richardson, Michael Doherty, 
Michael J. Donahue, Thomas D. Sulli- 
van, John J. Flynn, the Hon. John 
Quinn, Jr. and Lawrence H. Sullivan. 

Dancing will be held all day. 

In the evening a concert will be given 
with the following talent: Miss Josle 
Warren, Miss Catherine Doyle, Jeremiah. 
Foley, Patrick F. Sheehan. Thomas P, 
Shea and John J. Touhey. 


:. SSaSKEB. 



Boston Steamer Strikes During 
Fog and Breaks in Two; First 
Boat Collapses and Occu- 
pants Are Thown Into Sea. 


Lifeboats Hovering off Iron 
Coast Finally Led to Harbor 
by Fishing Craft; Two Bridal 
Couples on Board. 

ST. JOHN'S, N. F., Sept. 6— Thrilling 
scenes attended the loss of the liner 
Lauren tian, boynd from Boston for Glas- 
gow, which piled up on the rocks near 
Cape Race during a dense fog at 6 
o'clock this morning. The vessel is a 
total wreck. All the passengers and the 
crew escaped to land after a trying ex- 


Blind Organist of Scotland, Who Was a 

Passenger on the Laurentian. 

The Laurentian left Boston last Fri- 
day, and when off the coast of Nova 
Scotia ran into a thick fog bank, which 
compelled her to proceed at reduced 
speed. Early this morning the steamer- 
was making about 13 knots an hour 
when she struck 1 he rocks near Cape 
Race, probably the most dangerous sec- 
tion of the Newfoundland coast. Capt. 
Imrie took a course more northerly 
than usual, and the thick fog caused \ 
him to lose his reckoning. 



Prof. Krumpeln, Blind 

Organist, Was in Wreck 

Prof. H. J. Krumpeln, the celebrat- 
ed blind organist of the Central Con- 
gregational Church in Jamaica Plain, 
[with his wife and two boys, Francis, 
'aged 10, Wolf, eight, and one daugh- 
ter, Charlotte, five, were among the 
'passengers of the Laurentian. They ■ 
had broken up their home in Newton.! 
were on their way to Edinburgh, 
:land, which was Prof. Krum- 
peln's old home. He was to leave his 
wife in Scotland and to return to 
Boston after a tour. Later, his wife 
was to return, and they planned to- 
re-open a home about Boston. 

Prof. Krumpeln was born in London 
In 1 876- When he was six years old his. 
parents moved to Scotland, and a year 
later he took up the study of music, I 
and composed his first piece when 10 
years old. At 14 he became solo organist | 
of the Royal Blind school of Scotland, 
and through the influence of the Mar- 
chioness of Breadalbane and her hus- 
band, the lord high commissioner of . 
Hand, who were deeply impressed 
bv his ability as a player and his mu- 
sical genius, he received the appoint- 
ment of organist and choirmaster in the 
North Berwick parish church. 

North Berwick is the most fashion- 
able golfing centre in the world, and the 
summer home of many of England's 
and Scotland's aristocracy. During the 
height of the season Prof. Krumpeln gave, 
pries of recitals, which were enthu- 
siastically supported by these summer 
guests In 1899 he visited France and 
gave recitals in some of the great ca- 
thedrals. In 1900 he obtained the degree 
of licentiate of the Royal Academy of 
Music, London. He came to America in 
1902 where he had been maturing his 
ideas on the new development in the art 
of music. 

Prof. Krumpeln is a veritable artist 
on the organ, understanding as few do 
how to make the instrument interesting 
in his recitals. He was appointed to the 
position of organist and director of 
music of the Central Congregational 
Church, Jamaica Plain, on Sept. 28, 1906. 

A AaQ\[^j 

nil 9 ?: Sse 

The^JSiemarAlle Accomplishments 

rof wkj^lew York Bh'nd^ffloman 

VPAo Maizes 'Dresses, Irons, 

Sews and Is a Splendid Cook. 

some of you women who are disgruntled 
with the cares of housekeeping— go and 
pay a call upon little Miss Theresa De 
anrs. She lives at No. 349 West Forty- 
fourth street. New York. You'll come 
awa^- all smiles and ready to plunge again with a 
light heart and all thankfulness into the thick of 
domestic drudgery, cured of your disgust for petty 
things of the home, once you've seen Miss De 
Frances keep house. 
She is stone blind. 

Perhaps you've read Wilkie Collins's "Poor Miss 
Finch." His heroine, as you know, was blind, and 
she did amazing things— things you'd hardly believe 
possible outside the pages of a novel. Well, Miss 
De Frances does everything she sid, and she's a real 
person. There are even things she does ever so 
deftly which people with two good eyes can't do at 
all— fit a dress perfectly, for instance. 

Miss De Frances does not live alone, but with 
family, and her duty is caring for the household, 
sightless as she is. She attends to so much that 
there is little left for those of the family who 
can see. Her senses of taste, touch and hearing are 
wonderfully acute, and she has to a great degree 
that marvellous intuition which seems to be given 
to the blind in the place of their lost sight. 

And what is more, she teaches other blind people 
to do the same things. 

When she opens the door for you it i.s with such 
a bright smile that those who might come to com- 
miserate feel ashamed of themselves. Her voice is 
so cheery that one falls into a cheerful mood at 
once, at sight of this pleasant little body. 

"Just come into the sitting-room,' she said, leading 
the way to a scrupulously clean and very pretty 
room, "•and )f you will give me your things I will 
take care of them." 

Miss De Frances, gauging her distance by the 
visitors' voices, without the slightest hesitancy, 
took the hats and coats and placed them on a 
table in the adjoining room. 

"Now." she ran on, "I've purposely left a good 
lot of work undone for your special benefit, and 
if you'll come with me I'll show you how I do it 
The work doesn't seem to me anything out of the 
ordinary. You' see, all our hardest task is, as 
Miss Holt says, educating the people who can see 
to the ability of those who cannot." 

She led the way into a b,edroom where the bed 
stood unmade. Taking the -sheets in her nand's 

i Miss De Frances felt along the hem and quickly 
determined which en<l went to the head ; then she 
tossed the sheet over the bed and began to spread 
tt out. 

"There's a wrinkle," she said, passing her hand 
over the bed, "and no good housewife ever leaves 
wrinkles in her bed. I have the advantage over 
the bedmakers who can .see, for rr.y sense of touch 
is so highly developed that I can instantly per- 
ceive the slightest wrinkle, while sometimes you 
can't see it with your eyes." 

' All this time Miss De Frances was making the 
bed, patting and smoothing the wrinkles from each 

"We have to be so oareful of details that neces- 
sarily our work is done with greater precision than 
t of others." she went on. 'In setting a table, 
which I can do just as quickly and precisely as those 
who can see, touch plays the entire part of the 
work. Come and I'll set the table for dinner." 

She did it in ten minutes, measuring the distance 
from the end of the table with her hands, and set- 
ting everything in its proper place. When she had 
finished four covers were laid, and not a bit of 
fault could be found— everything was straight, from 
the shades on. the candelabra to the position of the 
sugar bowl. Hers is one of those' old-fashioned 
houses where they do have the sugar bowl on the 
table when it is set tor dinner. 

"Now, you understand, you must never pity blind 
people; just give them all the work they can do and 
they will be happy I have been blind all my life 
and I am very happy T am of use to many people 
in teachinf them to see through**.:, r other senses " 

In the kitchen Miss De Franc is as capable as 
she is in the sitting-room or the ning-room; here 
she attends to a great deal of the oking. She can 
make bread and cake: she can vasn, iron and pre- 
pare a full dinner, and there are \o cooking utenstt3 
except the ordinary kind that are useu in every 

"How do I tell" when my cake and bread are done? 
Why. I can tell by the smell. Oh, yes, you can tell 
by smelling; there is a certain done' smell, I can't 
describe it, to a cake that yo'- can tell instantly, 
once you know it. T don't believe I learned 
that. I think I always knew. 

Without the slightest difficulty the kettle was 
filled, the gas range lighted and the water put on. 

Then the little blind woman went to a canister, 
measured the tea in a spoon and popped it into the 

"If you don't think I can iron I'll show you that 
I can. Here's a shirtwaist ready for ironing.'' 

The waist was placed on the board, the iron taken 
I'rom the stove and Miss De Frances chatted on 
9, hile she was ironing. She knew when there were 
wrinkles in the cuffs, and when there were creases 
in tho soft lawn. When the waist was completely 
!il it up for inspection. 

As for sewing on the machine. ...iss De Frai 
can make an entire dress, and when it conies to 
fitting her touch is so deft that she can fit as well 
as a person oho can see. 

Sweep, dust, cook, iron, play the pian.\ read, 
write and attend to all other details of the houae 
are the accomplishments of this little blind woman, 
and she can dress a baby and care for it bettei 
than many mothers. 

But perhaps the most remarkable thing about Miss 
De Frances is the work she does in connection with 
the New York Association for the Blind. When her 
housework is finished she goes every day with a 
suide to the association's rooms in East Fifty-ninth 
street; from there she makes many visits to the 
blind. These people she' teaches not only to read 
write but all of the practical details of the 

This work of visiting the blind in their homes and 
instructing them in the useful things of life has 
but recently been undertaken by the association. The 
idea of having blind teachers has been most suc- 
cessful, for the blind have such unlimited patience 
with each other and such a tremendous amount of 
in working with them that it would seem 
almost impossible for them to be taught by those 
with their sight. Miss De Frances will work for 
an hour sometimes teaching two or three letters to 
a blind c^rson, while unless h U? i patience that 
might '- . termed phenom ^ one else wouM 

> irk more than thirty mi.- 

"Our patience," said ranees, "is well 

developed; it is almost ;, and that is because 

we have to stand so wvi.. • rom ourselves and the 
inderstandings ot othe> . In my home, for in- 
stance, my family know I can do things, and 
many times they expect almost a little too much 
trom me. 1 am not complaining, but it is remark- 
able to what an extent people who see can forget 
that a blind person lacks that sense that the others 
have. They expect the blind to be able to do all 
the things they do, and even more. 

"I have done my housework for the past te" 1 or 
twelve years. I enjoy it. it keeps me moving about, 
and my mother, not being very strong, shou.- not be 
taxed with it. Wonderful? Yes, I suppose it is, 
you. but after all, it does not seem so 
to me: that is because I am so used 
to seeing through my other senses. 









Tt may sound strange to sa^ifeftf* "sightseeing^ 
automobiles were emnlByed to tske inmates of the,, 
the DeftfWra Blind, in Amsterdam av# 
qln'suai Sunsbinn exiting on T,abor 
..JrvSw thought that their enjoyment 
raster than in a trolley oar. And so It 
they were Pimply fle.iightA.1l. Two autos 
wer« wA, snd al). arrangements were made by 
Mrs. Jerome, the president of the Kver Ready 
branch, who took her holiday to carry sunshine 
into the llvej of these afflicted ones. She went tn 
on* *f the machines, and Miss Bancroft, the head 
nurse and assistant of the home, in the other. The 
route taken was up "Riverside Drive to the aque- 
duct, then down 72d street and through to Broad- 
way, stopping at Mr. Newman's for ice cream. AH 
but five were assisted to alight by the chauffeurs, 
and they enjoyed their refreshments at the tables 
in the grape arbor. The proprietor, who Is ever 
ganerous to Sunshine parties, gave each guest a 
large portion, served in cake cornucopias, also 
those who remained in the automobiles. The drive 
home was through Central Park, and to- have hea*d 
the laughter «nd watched the smiling faces one j 
would hardly have imagined that the occupants 
were of that unfortunate class which always "sits | 
darkness." Their appreciation and thanks for 
the ••Sunshine treat" were genuine and hearty. 

ends the lareo outing parties for th° season, 
but some trolley rides for old people and nursery 
Children will be #v"en as long as there is any 
money In the outing fund. The president desires 
to extend her thanks to all those who have con- 
tributed to this fund, and thus enabled the office to 
give enjoyment to so many. - 

__ — m . — 

rsassEBis&b W. Off 
I Iskpjpoije, Nf 5520 


Tl^ General Press Gittiije 

.soc&ttof? M 


Blind Passengers on Railways. 

By requiring that the blind should be accom- 
panied by a guide certain railway managers 
have raised a hornets' nest about their ears. 
The result has been that the Board of Trade 
has intervened, owing to a question being asked 
in the House of Commons, but the suggestion 
made by Mr. Winston Churchill that the blind 
might reasonably be allowed to travel at their 
own risk is not regarded as satisfactory. 
Sympathisers with these afflicted passengers 
contend that a permanent legal basis should 
be established for the adequate protection of 
the travelling lights of the blind. If a blind 
man, by reason of his inability to see, contri- 
butes to his own. accident, it seems unfair to 
make a railway company responsible for it ; 
but if a blind man is injured in a collision or 
an accident over which he has no control, a 
different state of circumstances arises. What 
the Great Eastern Railway Company objected 
to, however, was the conveyance of blind pas- 
sengers who were unaccompanied by a guide. 
Blind people are often seen making their way 
alone along the public streets, and if it were 
not for The consideration of humane pedestrians 
they would soon meet with a mishap. When 
travelling on railways it is not always possible 
for the same consideration to be shown, and 
the officials believe they are acting in the best 
interests of the blind in requiring that they 
shculd be accompanied by someone. The 
question has attained some public interest, and 
it is to be considered by a Conference of the 
Blind Travellers' Defence Committee at the 
end of next week. 

Tfoe General Press Qnajm 



\yl^uMJU t£>ij 


Q^/V^r/QS/LJ , 


Mr. SUMMERBELL (Sunderland, Lab.) asked the 
President of the Board of Trade whether he was aware 
that there were still six metropolitan railways, as 
also the whole of the tubes, that were imposing con- 
ditions compelling blind passengers to provide guides ; 
and, if so, whether he was prepared to approach such 
companies with a view to the withdrawal of such 
conditions, as in the case of the Great Eastern Railway 

Mr. CHURCHILL (Dundee). — I have seen a state- 
ment in the Press to the effect mentioned, but I have 
no other information on the subject. If the honour- 
able member will furnish me with the names of the 
companies which according to his information make 
the condition referred to, I shall be prepared to com- 
municate with them in the matter. 

Mr. SUMMERBELL asked whether the right hon. 
gentleman was aware that there, were at least 20,000 
blind workers in this country who made use of the 
railways for reaching their work ; that the stipula- 
tion of the Great Eastern Railway Company was 
that such passengers should not seek any indemnity 
in the case of accident, it being understood that they 
travelled at their own risk ; and, if so, whether he 
was prepared to take action with a view to these people 
being carried at a reduced rate. 

Mr. CHURCHILL. — The Great Eastern Railway 
Company do not now require any undertaking from 
blind passengers travelling over their lines, but they 
understand that such passengers travel at their own 
risk so far as accidents due to their blindness are con- 
cerned. As a railway company in such circumstances 
contracts itself out of no existing liability, there 
would seem no reason why a reduction should be made 
in the fare. 

Cbtftyg /rvy tfc 

Tl?e General Press Qittirjs 

^ociaftan, In* 

The Blind Traveller. 

The blind receive so much consideration, 
help, and courtesy as they make their way 
about a darkened world that one can readily 
understand and sympathise with the indig- 
nant tone of the conference of blind travellers 
in London on Saturday convened to protect 
the interests of blind people, recently 
threatened by one or more railway com- 
panies. Apparently one London railway 
has followed the example of the Great 
Eastern. We noted briefly here some little 
time ago a circular issued by that company, 
propounding the new regulation that . each 
blind railway traveller must provide himself 
for the whole of his journey with a guide, 
must have a guardian at junctions where 
a change of train is made, and must specifi- 
cally free the company of all liability for 
injury to which his blindness has conduced. 
One speaker on Saturday stated that he 
had been refused a ticket on the Metro- 
politan by a clerk who explained that they 

did not issue tickets to blind people or 
sweeps. There is an excellent reason for 
refusing a ticket to a sweep who has just 
been professionally employed, and who has 
neglected to supply himself with a wash 
, and brush-up — even with his professional 
i implement. But if there is any sound argu- 
ment to support the railway exclusion policy 
as applied to the blind it has not been set 
forth. The most obvious and cogent would 
be that the blind are peculiarly liable to the 
risks of railway travel other than train 
wrecks. But their very infirmity, coupled 
with the sympathetic attitude of more for- 
tunate fellow -passengers, really reduces the 
risk of accident to the vanishing point. A 
blind man, it was pointed out at this meet- 
ing, " would involve himself in trouble if he 
were to act as madly as sighted persons do." 
He does not run for trains, or enter or leave 
them while they are moving. And that is 
notoriously the most common cause of in- 
dividual mishaps in railway travel. The 
British insurance companies have come to 
recognise the fact that the insurance of 
blind people is an ordinary risk, which need 
not entail a prohibitive premium. The 
secretary of the British and Foreign Blind 
Association has traced, in thirty years' ex- 
perience, only one accident alleged to have 
been due to the victim's sightlessness. Pos- 
sibly there have been mishaps unrecorded 
by the -ociety. But for the reason already 
set forta one finds no difficulty in accept- 
ing this statement as a fair representation 
of fact. The question whether the railways 
have the power which some of them claim 
in this matter has yet to be decided — if a 
test case is made necessary. But one may 
hope that the circulars issued will be 
allowed to lapse. They cannot be essential 
to the protection of shareholders' interests, 
and even if railway companies had to make 
some sacrifice in the matter no class of the 
community has a stronger claim to special 
consideration from public carriers. The sug- 
gestion that the blind can " provide them- 
selves with guides " — which in many cases 
would mean paying double fare or fare and 
a half — seems peculiarly l^arsh and impracti- 
cable in the case of workers whose disability 
reduces their earning power to seven or 
eight shillings a week. 







I*^?2@2£S&%>W. C?| 

^^S 2 J! 

^r he had made alone. On ordinary lines the presence 
of railway porters made travelling quite easy for the 

On the motion of the Chairman, seconded by 
Dr. J. Fletcher Little, a committee was elected 
to protect the interests of blind passengers on rail- 
ways and other means of conveyance, with the 
School for the Blind, Swiss Cottage, as headquarters. 

General ft 


Ik General Press Cuttit, 

Sfabksfi : of ' 2btfr'ca/fop 


/3>- <Y ^Q 





A conference of blind travellers on railways and their 
friends was held on Saturday afternoon at the School 
for the Blind, Swiss Cottage, under the auspices of 
the Blind Travellers' Defence Committee. Mr. F. 0. 
Smithers, chairman of the committee of manage- 
ment of the School for the Blind, occupied the chair 
in the absence through illness of Mr. E. K. Blyth, 
ex-president of the Law Society. Copies of the 
list of subjects to be discussed, printed at the school 
in the Braille system, were distributed to the blind 
people present. 

The Chairman said the chief points to be con- 
sidered were, first, what were the rights of the rail- 
way companies in regard to blind passengers, and, 
secondly, what was the percentage of accidents to 
such passengers. In regard to the latter point Mr. 
Stone, superintendent of the Royal Blind Institu- 
tion, Edinburgh, stated that in Scotland they had no 
trouble at all with the railway companies, but special 
tickets were issued to blind passengers at reduced fares 
on production of a form signed by himself. He 
(the chairman) was sanguine enough to believe 
that if the railway companies would not meet the 
wishes of the blind Parliament would come to the 
rescue. Now that it was proposed to compel local 
authorities to provide for the education of the blind 
it would be absurd if railway companies did not 
give them facilities for getting about to earn their 
own living. 

Dr. J. Fletcher Little said his connexion with the 
matter arose from the fact that a pupil of his was 
stopped suddenly without any notice when he went 
to book at Fenchurch-street Station, on his way to 
his work at the Seamen's Hospital. In consequence 
of that it took him quite hall a day to get to his 
work there by other means of conveyance. He 
(Dr. Fletcher Little) at once took legal advice, and 
he could not find any one of standing who said that 
the railway companies had a legal right to act as they : 
had done. Considering what the earnings of the blind 
were they would have nothing left for themselves 
out of those earnings if they had to provide themselves 
with guides when travelling. He contended that 
the railway companies could not legally stop blind 
passengers from travelling on their lines ; that 
the railways were no more dangerous for the blind 
than the streets ; and that the percentage of accidents 
to the blind on railways was very small. Blind 
persons did not jump into moving trains nor get 
out of them before they stopped. He should spare 
neither time nor money nor energy until this ques- 
tion was completely settled in favour of the blind. 

The Chairman suggested that the best way to 
settle the matter would be by a short Bill in Parlia- 

Other speakers included Mr. H. Stainsby, secre- 
tary of the British and Foreign Blind Association ; 
Miss Bainbrigge, secretary of the Home Teaching 
Society for the Blind ; Mr. Hanbury, who suggested 
that any action taken as the result of the meeting 
should include County Council tramways ; and 
Mr. T. R. Marriott, hon. secretary of the Blind 
Travellers' Defence Committee. 

Mr. T. H. Martin, secretary of the School for 
the Blind, read a letter from the Rev. Canon Gedge, 
the blind rector of Gravesend, expressing regret 
at not being able to attend, and stating that he 
was a constant traveller on railways and had never 
met with any accident in the hundreds of journeys 



A committee, to protect the interests of 
blind passengers on railways and otheT 
means of conveyance, was formed on Satur- 
day at a conference arranged by the Blind 
Travellers' Defence Committee, and held at 
the School for the Blind, Swiss Cottage. 

Reference was made to the case of a blind 
gentleman who was refused a ticket when 
wishing to travel on the Great Eastern Rail- 
way. Dr. Fletcher Little stated that he took 
legal advice immediately after this decision. ' 
He consulted a number of eminent counsel 
and even judges, and could not find anyone 
of standing who was of opinion that the rail- 
way companies had any legal right to act as 
they had done. Mr. Churchill made an in- 
vestigation of the matter, and with regard to 
the action of the Great Eastern Railway 
Company in refusing to " book " blind travel- 
lers unless accompanied by a guide, which 
meant considerable expense, he was glad to 
say that the indemnity form requiring *>lind 
travellers to fulfil certain conditions had now 
been removed. He had received letters 'to?" 
the Waterloo and City Railway and the Cen- 
tral London Railway stating that no such ob- 
ligation applied on those lines. 

Mr. Stainsby corrected an erroneous im- 
pression that the blind weTe more liable to 
accidents than " people with ordinary eight," 
and said that insurance companies who once 
took up this opinion were now quite willing 
to insure the blind. At workshops in Bir- 
mingham with which he was connected 
there were 110 blind workers and practically 
no accidents. A letter was read from Canon 
Gedge, rector of Gravesend. who stated that 
he had been stone blind for 24 years, 
during which time he had travelled unceas- 
ingly, almost always unattended, in the dis- 
charge of his duties, and had found it a 
perfectly easy thing to enter and leave rail- 
way carriages, change trains, etc. 

|Tk Qetjemi Press Gsttti}g 







The question whether railway companies can legally 
stop blind passengers from travelling on their lines was, 
moony other interesting points, raised tit a conference 
attended largely by blind members of the travelling 
public, held under the auspices of the Blind Travellers' 
Deieuoe Committee at the School for the Blind, Swiss 
Cott;ige,on Saturday afternocn. 

Mr. F. O. Smithers presided, whilst those present in- 
cluded Dr. Fletcher Little, Mr. Salt (blind iimruiat), Mr. 
H. Stainsby (secretary of British and Foreign Blind 


Association), and Mr. T. H. Martin (secretary ot Bohooi 
for the Blind, Great Portland-street). 

The Chairman intimated that he had received a letter 
from Mr. Stono, who stated that the facilities for the 
blind in Scotland were of the best. He was sanguine 
enough to believe that if the railway companies had 
power to stop blind passenger* from travelling on their 
lines Parliament would come to the rescue. 

Dr. Fletcher Little said witn regard to the action 
of the Great Eastern .Railway Company in refusing to 
" book " blind travellers unless accompanied by a 
guide, which meant considerable expense, that he was 
glad to say that the indemnity form requiring blind 
travellers to fulfil certain conditions had now been re- 
moved. As to the legality of companies refusing to 
allow blind travellers on their lines, he suggested that a 
fund be raised by public subscription, so that the matter 
could be tested in the courts of law. But this he thought 
would not be necessary. 

Mr. Stainsbt corrected an erroneous impression that 
the blind wore more liable to accidents than "people 
with ordinary sight," and said that insurance companies 
who once took up this opinion were now quite willing to 
insure the blind. At workshops in Birmingham with 
which he was oonneoted, there wore 110 blind workers 
and practically no accidents. He was glad of the action 
taken by the G.E.Ii., but there were still some companies 
in the metropolis who were holding out, though he did 
not think it would be for long. 

At this stage a letter was read from Canon Gedge, 
rector of Gravosond, who stated that he had been " stone 
blind" for 24 years, during which time he had travelled un- 
ceasingly almost always unattended in the discharge of his 
duties, and had found it a perfectly oasy thing to enter 
anil leave railway carriages, change trains, &c. 

Mr. Kelly, a blind gentleman, hoped that the ob- 
noxious clause which classified the blind with sweeps, 
inebriates, imbeciles, &c, in the matter of railway 
travelling would soon be removed. 

Mr. Marriott (secretary of the Blind Travellers' Do- 
fence Committee) expressed a similar opinion, and a com- 
mittee was formed to protect the interests of blind pas- 
Bengera on railways and other moans of conveyance. 

so? jNorfolij^ 



Tk Getjeral Press (httiyg 
Aft^pciafiQf; hi' 





(prom our own correspondent.) 

WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. 
r By the will of Miss Edith Rebecca Lord, daughter of 
the late Mr. John Lord, of New York, for many years a 
prominent merchant in that city, the income from her 
residuary estate is directed to be paid to blind English 
men and women in pensions of 10s. a week each. These 
persons must have become blind after their twenty- 
eighth year and must be over thirty-five years of age. 
They must be of good character, and never have begged 
in the streets or other public places. 

The value of the estate is not given, but the personal 
property in New York is estimated at £60,000, and Miss 
Lord was also possessed of real property in Franca. 


Compensations Mellinger, a young 

of Islind farmer who lives 

the Blind. ne* Denver, Pa., ap- 

\ \ %fffs to disprove the 
modern scientific contention that remain- 
ing senses Vrt^e blind are not made 
more acute l» deprivation of the sense 
of sight. This young man, who is total- 
ly blind, is only 23 years of age. He 
lost his sight when a small child. He 
does almost everything about the farm 
that his brother and sister can do, and 
has no difficulty in finding particular 
streets.. and houses on his frequent visits 
to town. He is an expert horse trader. 
He has five horses on the farm and rec- 
ognizes each by its footstep. His sense 
of smell indicates to him whether he is 
in front of the hotel, the butcher shop 
or the cigar store. Indeed, so acute hatye 
all of his remaining senses become that 
he does not regard blindness as a serious 
handicap. In this one instance, at least, 
nature has been liberal with her com- 


Miss Eulamai Bogle Delights Large Au- 
dience at Watkins Hall. 

It would seem from the splendid piano 
recital iven at Watkins Hall last night 
by Miss Eulamai Bogle that the elimina- 
tion of sight means the substitution of 
soul. Miss Bogle both astonished and de- 
lighted those of her large audience who 
heard her play for the first time. Her 
work is necessarily very far removed 
from the mechanical, which does not 
mean that her technique is palpably 
faulty, but rather that her execution 
seems prompted by a something which 
the eyes that see know not. Leaving her 
misfortune entirely out of the considera- 
tion, her work is highly artistic; she plays 
with ease and with feeling; her interpre- 
tations are intelligent and splendidly ex- 
ecuted while she also composes, and last 
night one of her prettiest numbers was 
her own composition. Miss Bogle de- 
serves what she is striving for— the oppor- 
tunity to reach a stage nearer the per- 
fect—and her ambition to accomplish her 
desire unaided save by her own efforts is 
highly commendable. Her audience 
showed its appreciation by its presence 
and its enthusiastic approval by its pro- 
longed plaudits. 

Miss Bogle was assisted by Mrs. Harry 
Anderson, who read several selections in 
her own always winning manner, and 
Miss Etta Twersky, whose voice was 
heard to good advantage, especially In 
"Heart's Delight" (Gilchrist) and Tosti's 
"Good-bye to Summer." 

a \ i u s i 
.The fir^t of its kiu^in the world, an 
rJcliJbit JozMy blind at the Natural 
Ilk- Jin in > rk. will be 

opened in the near future! 

Upon a long tray or table, the sj 
mens will be laid out so that the sightless 
visitors may feel and sttnlj I hem. Every- 
thing will bear a label in raised letters so 
that the blind may' read with their fingers. 
It has been noted that in visiting the 
museum, the blind have been found to 
grasp details more quickly than children 



Mrs. Perrin Rideinen of No. 381 Central 
Park West is one of the beneficiaries un- 
der the will. Manv charitable institutions 
in London and Paris are named as bene- 
ficiaries for amountd ranging from $1,200 
to $5,000. 


New York, Sept. 16.— By the will of Edith 
Rebecca Lord, daughter of the late John 
Taylor Lord, who was at one time a mem- 
ber of the dry goods firm of Lord & Tay- 
lor, not only are many blind persons and 
institutions for the blind here and abroad 
provided for, but there is a clause by 
which the income from the residuary es- 
tate shall be paid to blind English men and 
women in pensions of 10 shillings a week 

These persons must have become blind 
after their 28th year and must be over 35 
years of age. They must be of good char- 
acter, and never have begged in the streets 
or other public places. They may be mar- 
ried or single, and may come from any 
part of England, and the committee of the 
fund, which shall be known as the "Edith 
and Norman Lord Pensions," shall allot 
tht- pensions to the most deserving cases. 

Miss Lord died on July 7 at Zehlendorf, 
Germany. She lived in Cannes, France, 
and by the will disposed of her property 
in this country amounting to $300,000. 


Ilss Edith Lord Leaves Most of Her 
Estate to Benefit Them. 

Among manv bfique 
Ititutions Mifs,iP<l 

Tuly 7 
blind of 
estate h 

to charitable in- 
Rebecca Lord, 
John Taylor Lord, 
who /diell | lit Zehlendorf, Germany, on 
July 7, in? lier will filed for probate yes- 
left large sums in aid of the 
3ngland. Her entire residuary 
been devoted to this purpose. 
She has placed it in the hands of trustees 
with Instructions to found the " Edith 
and Norman Lord Pensions." 

These will amount to 10 shillings a 
week and are to be paid to as many blind 
men and women in England as the in- 
come will allow. It is, however, laid down 
that the recipients must have become 
blind after their twentieth year, must be, 
over 'i.j years old, and of good character, 
and must never have begged in the streets 
or other public places. 

Several blind men and women are also 
remembered by name and receive be- 
quests running from $00 to $500. To Miss 
Beatrice Taylor is left $2,500, to be used 
in her discretion for the blind branch of 
the Sunbeam Mission, and the Trustees 
of the Gardiner Trust for the Blind in 
London receive $;j.O00, the income of 
which is to provide annually a concert 
and dinner for 200 blind persons, which is 
to be known as " The Norman Lord 

The value of Miss Lord's personal 

tv here is estimated at $300,000. 

lephew, Arthur Perceval Hamilton, re- 
ceives $25,000; a niece, Miss Kathleen 
Mary Hamilton, and two other nepi 
Hans Patrick and Alan Fisher 'Hamilton, 
and Miss Violet Speller, $12,500 each. 

Miss Jessie Giles Gammack receives a 
bequest of $25,000, and $5,000 each is left 
to Michael Ponsonby of England, a cous- 
in of the testatrix Cyril Ponsonby, the 
Hon. Mrs. Cyril Ponsonby, Miss Alice 
Clarke, Miss Mabel Walker. Miss Mabrl 
Hart, the Princess Marguerite Cantaci- 
zine. Mile. Madeline Doyen, Fraulein 
Walter, and Miss Corinne and Miss Nora 

■hich is 
•d Dini 

.1 propl 
). HeiS 



A^'Lord Makes 
laritable Gifts. 


Establishes Pensions for Many of ' 

London's. B^nd j^wi Provides 

Annual Dinner for 200. 

The will of Edith Rebecca Lord, filed 
yesterday for probate in the Surrogate's 
Court, is remarkable in that it disposes 
of almost half a million dollars to a Prin- 
cess, a Countess and also to the blind 
and the crippled, and one of the benefi- , 
ciaries is a Chinese servant. Miss Lord 
was a daughter of John Taylor Lord. She' 
died on July 7 last in Zehlendorf, Ger- 
many. She was a resident of Les Lotus 
Cannes, France, and also of the United 
States. She executed a will under the 
French law, disposing of her property in 

The petition for probate of the will was 
filed by the law firm of Spencer, Ordway 
& Wierum for Rowland Edmund Prothero, 
barrister-at-law, in London, England, and 
Jessie Giles Gammack of the Gowans, 
Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, the ex- 
ecutor and executrix and trustees named 
in the will. The value of Miss Lord's es- 
tate in France was not reported, but the 
property here is estimated at $300,000. 

To Beatrice Taylor she gives $2,500, to be 
used by ner at her discretion, for the Blind 
Branch of the Sunbeam Mission. To Mile. 
des Varranis Miss Lord leaves $2,500 for 
the distribution of the Journal Illustre des 
Animaun among French schools. Miss 
Lord bequeaths $5,000 to the First Church 
of Christ Scientist, Sloane Terrace, Lon- 
don, and $5,000 to the Christian Science 
Reading Room, Santa Barbara, Cal., 
founded by the testatrix in memory of 
her brother. 

Miss Lord directs all her linen to be di- 
vided between her niece, Kathleen Mary 
Hamilton, and Jessie Giles G-ammick. To 
her nephew, Arthur Perceval Hamilton, 
she leaves i.25,000: to her niece. Kathleen 
Mary Hamilton, $12,500. She makes simi- 
lar beciuests to her nephews Hans Patrick 
Hamilton and Alan Fisher 'Hamilton. 

To Jessie Giles Gammack she leaves 
$25,000; Michael Ponsonby, a cousin of the 
testatrix, $5,000; his brother, Cyril Pon- 
sonby, $5,000; Hon. Mrs. Cyril Ponsonby, 
$5,000; Violet Spiller. $12,500; Alice Clark* 
$5,000; Mabel Walker, $5,000; Mabel Hart, 
$5,000: the Princess Marguerite Cantacu- 
zene, $5,000; Madeleine Doven, $5,000; Frau- 
lein Arnelie Walter, $5,000; Nora Nerout- 
sos, $5,000; Corinne Neroutsos, $5,000. 

To Laura Reeves, a nurse, "for having 
nursed my dear mother so devotedly in 
her last illness," she leaves $500. and to 
Bessie Clarke, another nurse, "for her 
kindness to my dear mother in her last 
illness," $250. Erminia Forni, her mother's 
maid, will receive $500. and Miss Lord's 
"faithful Chinaman, STon Kee, of Santa 
Barbara, Cal.," $500. 

Miss Lord leaves $5,000 to the trustees of 
the Gardner Trust for the Blind, No 53 
Victoria street, Westminster, London, the 
income to be used in providing a yearly 
dinner, concert and tea and presents to *00 
blind people on October 28 or on a near 
working day when October 28 falls on a 
Sunday, and to be called "The Norman 
Lord Dinner." 

Miss Lord directed that all her residuary 
estate not specifically disposed of should 
remain in the hands of her trustees and 
out of the income ten shillings a week is 
to be na d in pensions for as many blind 
Englishmen and Englishwomen as the 
income will pension. 

Tne wi.l was executed on January 21, 
1908, and by a codicil executed on the same 
day Miss Lord, "in pursuance of the last 
wishes of my mother," directs her execu- 
tors out of her residuary estate to buy 
an annuity for her cousin Janet, familiar- 
ly known as Jennie Hay, who llvee in 
Brooklyn, to commence on Miss Lord's 
death, and not to exceed $500 a year. The 
sister of the testatrix, Janet Glffbrd Ham- 
ilton, is to give a like amount to the in- 


Scores of Institutions and Individuals 
Bequeathed Share in Estate 

of $300,000 Here. 


The will of Edith Rebecca Lord, a 
daughter of the late John. Taylor Lord, 
who died July 7 at Zehlendorf, Germany, 
disposes of her property in this country, 
estimated at $300,000 in personal estate. 

Miss Lord, as appears from her will, 
took deep Interest in the blind, more than 
a score of bequests and legacies being 
made to Individuals who are blind and to 
institutions for the. blind. 

As manv more personal bequests are in 
sums ranging from $25,000 to $5,000. 

All her residuary estate is to remain in 
the hands of her trustees and out of the 
income ten shillings a week is to be paid 
in pensions for as many blind English 
men and English women as the income 
will pension. They must have become 
blind after their twenty-eighth year and 
must be over thirty-five years old. 

By a codicil Miss- Lord leaves an an- 
nuity for her cousin Janet, familiarly: 
known as Jennie Hay, who resides in 
Brooklyn. Another beneficiary under thej 
will is Mrs. Perrin Rideinen, of No. 381 
Central Park West. -"" 


FJUSn., WrsL QHcwf-'-*. 



'$l\s*--*GL B. Lord /Leaves Most or He*. 
pJktfrtt to Assist the Afflicted. 

he will of Miss Edith Rebecca Lord, 
ughter of the late John Taylor Lord, 
who has lived in England and France for 
many years and who died at Zehlendorf, 
Germany, on July 7 last, was filed for 
probate here yesterday. The estate is 
valued at $300,000 and ^the testator makes 
upward of fifty cash bequests to relatives 
and others, and leaves the residue in trust 
to pay 10 shillings a week tcKas many 
blind English men and women who were 
stricken after they were 20 years old and | 
who are under 35 as the total income wii 

The testator also leaves bequests of $500 
each to three blind women and $2,500 to 
the blind branch of the Sunbeam Mission, 
as well as $2,500 to Edith Norman Lord, to 
be used for pensions for the blind. Yon 
e, of Santa Barbara, Cal., described 
ray faithful Chinaman," receives 
0. The Hon. Cyril Ponsonby receives 
000 and the Hon Mrs. Cyril Ponsonby 
e same amount. Her godson, Michael 
nsonby. gets $10,000. The Princess 
arguerite Cantacuzene receives $5,000. 
e gives her sister, Jessie Giles Gammack, 

Many bequests are left to charities and 
institutions at Cannes, France, where 
she lived part of each year, and to institu- 
tions in London. The First Church of 
Christ, Scientist, of Sloane Terrace, re- 
ceives $5,000 and the Christian Science 
reading room at Santa Barbara, Cal., 
the same amount. The Vegetarian Fed- 
eral Union of London gets $1,000. 

~"^,:aJ*frC ■■ I 



Miss Lord Leaves Her Residuary Es- 
tate to Found Weekly 10-Shilling 
Pensions for the Sightless. 

NEW YORK, Sept 16— Among many 
bequests to charitable institutions Miss 
Edith Rebecca Lord, daughter of the 
late John Taylor Lord, who died at 
/eblendorf, Ger, on July 7, in her will 
filed for probate yesterday has left 
large sums in aid of the blind of Eng- 
land. Her entire residuary estate has 
been devoted to this purpose. She has 
placed it in the hands of trustees with 
instructions to found the "Edith and 
Norman Lord pensions." 

These will amount to 10 shillings a 
week and are to be paid to as many 
blind men and women in England as the 
income will allow. It is, however, laid 
down that the recipients must have be- 
come blind after their 20th year, must 
be over 35 years old, and of good char- 
acter, and must never have begged in 
the streets or other public places. 

Several blind men and women are also 
remembered by name ana receive be- 
guests running from ?50 to $500. To 
Miss Beatrice Taylor is left $2500, to be 
used in her discretion for the blind 
branch of the Sunbeam mission, and the 
tiustees of the Gardiner trust for the 
blind in London receive $5000, the income 
of which is to provide annually a con- 
cert and dinner for 200 blind persons, 
which is to be known as "The Norman 
Lord dinner." 

Among the charitable institutions 
which receive legacies are tlie British 
and foreign blind association $2500, and 
the school for Indigent Blind at Leath- 
erhead, Eng, $25C0. 

Miss Lord was also interested in 
Christian Science, and her bequests in 
aid of it are to the First Church of 
Christ of London $5000, and a like sum 
to the Christian Science reading room 
at Santa Barbara, Calif, which she 

The value of Miss Lord's personal 
property here is estimated at $3 0.000. 
Her nephew, Arthur Perceval Hamil- 
ton, receives ''oflf*' ni<- e. Miss Kath- 
leen Mary Hamilton, and two other 
nephews, Ha...-. - a ck and Alan Fish- 
er Hmmilton, and Miss Violet Speller, 


Interesting Atlc 

e Academy. 

the TJtica Academy 
itertaining address 
regory O'Dwycr, a gTad- 
le New York Institute fbr tha 
yesterday afternoon. The 
said the blind want confidence 
instead of sympathy, so that the pub- 
lic will understand the quality of work 
they are capable of turning out. 
Throughout the United States there 
are now many factories where tha 
blind are employed, and receive their 
weekly compensation as do the sighted 
I peoplt. In these different factories 
' there is a great variety of work ac- 
complished. It must be understood 
that everything is done by hand. 

"Contrary to belief," the speaker 
said, "the blind are a happy class oi 
people. They are happy because their 
power of imagination destroys all im- 
perfections and the ideal becomes to 
them a reality." 

Mr. O'Dwyer's address was greatly 
enjoyed by all who were present. 

(•stout Mxm&ffl&t 



About 160 Boys Gather at Roxbury Latin 
School — Sing America in Honor of Cook 
and Peary— Remarkable Work of Small 
Blind Boy 

With an attendance of 160 pupils, the 
Roxbury Latin School began its 263th year 
this morning. An exact figure is not pos- 
sible yet as some of the boys are taking 
the fall entrance examinations at Cam- 
bridge and others have old scores to pay 
off before they can be enrolled in the 
classes. When the boy.- gathered in the 
assembly hall, however, about the same 
iber of pupils as have gathered fqr 
many, many years were present. This 
school is the second oldest in the country. 
the Boston Latin being founded ten years 
earlier. It is. therefore, the oldest en- 
dowed or private school in the land. 

Headmaster' D. O. S. Lowell welcomed 
the boys in a few words and then ordered 
them to sing "America," because, as he 
said, a great event has been recorded since 
they last met; "the North Pole has been 
discovered not by an American but by 
two." It was sung with great vigor. Then 
the headmaster took up the affairs of the 
day and reminded the older boys of the 
five Harvard scholarships which the Har- 
vard Club of Boston will give to graduates 
\ of the public high and Latin schools with- 
in a radius of twenty miles from the State 
House in Boston. He pointed out that the 
club has especially announced that the 
former members of this school are eligible. 
These scholarships will first be available 
next ye 

The rest of the day was spent in making 
up the classes and going through the nee 
sary routine. There is no change in the 
list of studies or teachers. Headmaster 
Lowell will give a course in esperanto 
after school hours if there are any pupils 
who care to give the time to learn the 
language. This afternoon there was a 
meeting of the teachers and a special com- 
mittee of the board of trustees to decide 
on the results of yesterday's examinations. 
One of the boys who took special ex- 
aminations to skip a class is totally, blind 
and his ability has astonished all the teach- 
ers. His name is William C. Plunkett, and 
his father is an officer in the navy. Plunk- 
ett took the entrance examinations for the 
lowest class in June and out of forty-five 
boys he was ranked as third. During the 
' summer the boy, who is but thirteen years 
of age, took up Latin and has passed his 
examination with credit. He has also 
learned to use a Braille typewriter, and 
with this he wrote his Latin test. The boy 
of course had to have the examination read 
to him. Headmaster Lowell doubted the 
young fellow's ability to read. The boy 
when sent to him presented a copy of 
Montgomery's History of the United States, 
in raised letters. Mr. Lowell opened it. and 
told the boy to read from a certain page. 
It happened to tell about the march from 
Atlanta to the sea, and the boy read e 
and quickly. "I gave him the hag 
mark," the headmaster said, "because he 
not only read well but did something which 
I could not do." 

When Plunkett was examined in arith- 
metic he did his figuring with a set of type. 
On the type were symbols representing the 
figures up to ten. Instead of writing the 
figures the boy simply put them on a sort 
of slate and then aid his figuring as all the 
other boys. What impressed the head- 
master most was his unusual accuracy. 


WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 22, 1909. 


The Roxbury Latin school began its 
2G5th year yesterday with an attendance 
of 160 pupils. Headmaster D. O. 3. 
Lowell welcomed the boys and referred 
to the discovery of the north pole "by 
two Americans." 

William C. Plunkett, a blind boy, took 
a special examination and skipped a 
class. He is but 13 years old, and as- 
tonished his teachers by his ability. 


Cer Ckverifewr^gjL^ffat He Wants 
to If mplete Her Education. 

Sir, "William Wilson Plans to Take 
Her to Nova Scotia, bnt Cana- 
dian Official Objects. 

Sir William Gray Wilson, Governor of 
the Bahama Islands, arrived in this city 
yesterday with Lady Wilson and several 
attendants. -With them came Cassie E. 
Kerr, a blind negro girl. She is so clever 
that Sir William desires to have her com- 
plete her education in an institution for 
the blind "in Nova Scotia and then to re- 
turn to the Bahamas and become the head 
of a similar institution to be established 
on the islands. After the party arrived 
in this port the afflicted girl was taken 
to Ellis Island and examined by- a spe- 
cial board of inquiry. Dr. Elliott, the 
Canadian" immigration official here, ob- 
jected to the blind girl passing rhrough 
this port from one English colony to an- 
other without special instructions from 
the Dominion Government. Sir William 
i protested against sucn a hold-jp and 
finally it was agreed the case of the girl 
be deferred pending instructions from Can- 
ada. She was paroled in the custody of 
Sir William and his wife, who sent her 
to the Lincoln Home for the Blind. Sir 
William and Lady Wilson went, to the 
Irving HoteL 

The Kerr girl's eyes were blown out 
by a premature, blast of dynamite many 
years ago. Notwithstanding her affliction 
she decided to do the . best she could to 
educate herself and also to assist in the 
education of others similarly afflicted. She 
pursued her studies with such energy and 
intelligence that now she can write three 
of the systems for the blind. She is defi- 
cient, however, in the work of reading 
them. It is to cure that deficiency that 
Sir William decided to take her to Nova 
Scotia. Seemingly he had no idea she 
would be held up here when passing from 
one British colony to another. 

When the girl was taken to Ellis Island 
and the reasons for her being on her way 
to Nova Scotia had been explained, she 
received the kindest treatment that could 
be accorded by the immigration officials. 
The fact that she had such influential 
friends as Sir William and Lady Wilson 
added to the attention which she attracted 
on the island. 

The special board of inquiry was con- 
vened quickly and Sir William was a pow- 
erful witness In behalf of the detained 
girl. He said he thought if she could have 
her education completed in Nova Scotia 
she would be a great agent for good 
among the blind on the Bahama Islands, 
particularly among blind children. The 
Canadian immigration agent said he had 
no desire to interfere with such a fine ar- 
rangement fqr the girl, but he could not 
consent to have her passed without ex- 
plicit instructions from his home Govern- 
ment. Sir William was averse to leaving 
the Kerr girl on the island. He said he 
rather would have her with him in Man- 
hattan. After he had promised to see she 
would be produced when needed, he took 
her to the Lincoln Home for satfe keeping. 
It Is thought the influence of Sir William 
will lead to her being passed in a few 
days, and that he and Lady Wilson will 
be permitted to carry out their humane 
purposes in relation to her. 



^p . 

Odd Xjhenffs in ffieai J&'fe. 


Here is a moving picture from the other side of :ife. It shows an ©Id^bjjjyj^ 
beggar who lives in Hoboken, N. J., anfl has a dog. The dog is the "eyes" of the 
iiiBlWfflfrand gathers up pennies and nickels and dimes for his master. 

The dog can smoke a pipe and do cute tricks. The old beggar is an aristocrat, 
for he wears a fur overcoat even on the hottest days. 

Thousands of persons have watched those two — the blind old man and his 
"eyes," as they seek aid. The man, superior in thought, sits idly by while his 
faithful dog makes his money for him. 


Fftanday, S^3. 27 v 1SCj£, 

A Blind Travelers' D associa- 

tion has been organized in Manchi 
England, [ts objfrct is to fight a n 

iKritish railways prohihi ting 
iblind P^jilF^i fr '" n traveling on their 
ithout an attendant This ruling, 
association contend 
d an utiM 
people of moderate means. Au appeal 
to parliament for relief La not unlikely. 
In a letter to thi a rtel'gp 

said that he had been atone blind for 
24 years, in which tune he had t 

t'equently unattended. He was of 

opinion that a bliijd man of sound 

mind and health and ordinary iutelli- 

uot liable to uuuskial risks in 

irnihyj']' traveling. 

Tuesday, S*p. 14, 1909. 

Within a few days a cripple and a blind 
boy— one in New York and the other in 
Philadelphia— have rescued human lives. 
TI-ip hiinri boy was Henry Gilbert, 12 years 
old, and an expert swimmer. Henry, .swim- 
ming with his brother John in an old 
quarry where the water is 60 ft. deep, 
heard John crying for help and, guided by 
the voice, reached the lad as he was going 
down for the third time and swam with 
him to shore. 

The cripple, a man in the employ of the 
New England Navigation Co., pulled a 
drowning laborer out of the East river. 
It is evident that physical disabilities need 
not always be a bar to achievement. It Is 
the spirit that counts— that and the phy- 
sical training which, workers for the blind 
are always lnsistin'g, should be given to. 
the disabled even more than to those that 
are whole. M 

rox scabs., mxm. 

Saturday, Sep. 18, 1909. 



Sighiiggs, and Aged,AbrahamLefsh.itz. 
Turns mn Gas When Told Ani- 
Vvlal Must Be 
"Don't take away my dog. I am 
and blind al me axoui 

■ plea was made only a few d 
;y Abraham Lefwhitz to the 
t e nd< court, when he 

ints had been made 
the faithful St. Bernard i 

Where <m'ch cli 
taiite clearj for in. the vicinity of Ins home 
the airi g hia 

infirm maal 
and the log was as docile 
he fan 
i might be done i-o his hel 

"I ' see,'' saw" the 

la of human feeling 
went beyond his office, and he did see, for 
ritz to hare the dog muz 
This was < 
the unknown 
got into evidence, uefshitz was 

complaints had been 
inst the dog, am rbably 

would have to . He p 

more pleas, but 
he regarded as the in 

en he went hon I to wis 

room an - r to him. 

had a little conversation, 

wn •onlv to a man who loves a faith- 
ful dog and 'ho loves the man in 
return. Then he carefully put the ani- 
mal out of tl i and locked the door. 
A few hours later he dead 
with the gay in full flow fr. jet. ', 




"lilliana University 

Winning Fight Against 
Fearful Odds. 


Sightless Since Childhood, Fred 

M. McCartney Follows Ex* 

ample of Helen Keller. 

BLOOMINGTON, Ind., Sept. 25.— (Spe- 
cial) — Now and then a hurrying 1 squad 
of students at Indiana University pauses 
for an instant in the rush to "8 o'clocks," 
and one of the number takes the arm of 
a clean-faced fellow student, likewise 
hurrying, but in a groping, careful way, 
to the same class that is drawing the 
rest of the crowd. Then the squad starts 
on again and the new member, laughing 
and .joking, at home with his fellows, 
tucks his protecting cane beneath his 
arm and with the help of the aiding hand 
of his fellow students "makes" the class 
with the rest of them. 

The student is Fred M. McCartny, 
of L E- McCartny, a poultry merchan 
Bloomington, and the young man is 
tally ; blind. Hence his carfe and the h< 
lng hands extended to him by fraten 
men and "barbs" alike, wherever he 
met upon the campus. 

Handicapped by a lack of vision enoi 
to distinguish between the light of ni; 
and day, this stricken lad has forged 
way well to the front rank of the s" 
dent body of Indiana University, 8 
now, though no older than most of . 
fellow students, he goes to the sa< 
classes, takes the 3ame lecture not 
hands in practically the same, or bett 
note books and makes far better grad 
in his college work than is the rule 
Indiana University. 

Stricken When a Child. 

Toung McCartny was stricken wii 
blindness after an attack of measles ( 
the .age of 17 -months, and since the 
time has been powerless to distinguis 
the smallest bit of his environmei 
through the sense of sight. His first edu 
cation was received at the Indiana Scho< 
for the Blind in Indianapolis, and hi 
record while in that institution was a 
high as the one he is now making at th 
state institution. 

McCartny's system of learning is witl 
the exaggerated aid of his senses of touch 
and hearing. In the preparation of a les- 
son the blind, student takes his specially 
prepared text books, runs his fingers 
rapidly across the raised dots of the 
pages and in almost as short a time as 
an ordinary student would read his daily 
recitation the boy has his subject well in 
hand. For the~- harder passages of his 
work, and for those lessons which he can 
not procure written in the "finger lan- 
guage," a student "reader" sits beside 
him and reads the work to him. Thus, 
by memory, he^recltes in class the next 
day, and when not reciting his deft fingers 
are busy over the pages of his special 
form of note book— a ""gigantic volume'of 
heavy paper, across which his "slate" 
travels as quickly as the words fall from 
the professors' lips. The "slate" is a 
email metal rule, indented with small 
holes, set regularly in straight lines from 
end to end. Over this is another piece 

Blind, He Is Fighting 
Bravely for Learning 

of metal in which are square holes, 
through which four of the smaller, in- 
dentations below are visible. A tiny awl, 
grasped in the blind man's fingers, travels 
hurriedly back and forth across this con- 
trivance punching so many holes through 
a sheet of paper placed between the two 
metal rulers that when the sheet is 
finished it has the appearance of a target 
for a close-bored shotgun fired at close 
range and loaded with blrdshot. 

That's what the paper reads to McCart- 
ny's fellow students, but to the lad him- 
self that paper Is as full of. meaning as 
are any of the tangled sheets in the note 
books of the students about him, 

Deft With Typewriter. 

Now the boy goer home, and carefully 
copies his notes of the morning on a 
typewriter, upon which, instrument he is 
almost as deft as upon his "slate." The- 
product of these two efforts is a note 
book or a theme or a daily report which 
any of the students blessed with eye- 
sight near at hand, would well be proud 
of "turning in" to the professors. 

McCartny's text books are prepared 
for him by four different institutions— the 
Indiana State Library, the School for the 
Blind at Jacksonville, -111., - the- Perkins 
Institute at Boston and the New York 
State Library. The blind youth "signs 
up" in his courses at the beginning of a 
term, then outlines his work and finds 
out from his professors just what text 
books the classes are to study during 
the ensuing term. Then he writes to his 
friends in the various institutions men- 
tioned and a return mail brings him his 
books written in the "finger language".'! 
That is his only method of reading. 



A unique entertainment and lec- 
ture by Prof. Adam Geibel, the well- 
n composer |and musician, will 
o<„ >r United Era 

jChurcp*' evening, Oct. 8, at 

8 o'cMcB 

Mr* Geibel gives an account of his 
birth, cause of blindness, early edu- 
cation and struggles, and his groat 
Bifficulty in obtaining a place in the 
musical world. The lecturer gives il- 
lustrations of the various styles of 
nusic he has composer], both sing- 
ng and playing some of the most at- 
ractive" of his compositions and giv- 
ng their history. 

If thre is a person in the audi- 
ence who can take musical dictation, 
ho lecturer introduces the most novel 
eature of he entertainment. It is 
n illustrate r i of how persons without 
ight dictate ; musical composition for 
mblication. \ny one in the audi 
s requested to select the words of a 
lopular hymn. After the words are : 
hosen Mr. Geibel begins to dictate 
he music without the %id of the in- 
trument, just as it comes into his 
nind: in other words, extemporizing 
,s the copyist writes. He first dic- 
ates the soprano and alto, then the 
enor and bass. 

Alter the tune is completed, any 
ine in the audience is invited to play 
t, .following which Mr. Geibel sings 
t several times, and the words lie- 
well known, the audiem 
earns it and joins in the singing. 

Prof. Geibel will be in Reading on 
Friday and Saturday, as th<^ guest 
>f Mrs. Clara Horning, 226 South 
Fourth street. In response to nu- 
merous requests to give a concerl 
while in Reading, he has consented 
to give this entertainment. A silver 
offering will be lifted. 4 




Cheap Lands 
A Specialty. 


Wayne County 


$ \N 



pciety in Large Numbers Will 

Attend the Vaudeville 

Mt M MA 


Participants in One of the Vaudeville Numbers to Be Given Tues- 
day Evening for the Benefit of Free Reading-Room and Library for 
the Blind. In the Group, Left to Right, Are Mrs. Baldwin Wood, 
Miss Florence Hopkins, Mrs. Frederick McNear, Roy Pike, Miss 
Enid Gregg, Mrs. Worthington Ames and Miss Mary Keeney. 

Programme Will Be Given to Aid the Library) 

for the Blind. 

7"\ HE society world will be seen in 
large numbers next Tuesday 
evening, when the first approach 
of the winter gayeties will be suggest- 
ed by the vaudeville benefit at the 
Novelty Theater. This affair is ear- 
nestly engaging the attention of every 
one, and will be fully appreciated by 
those who enjoy a really clever per- 
formance, as well as by the benefac- 
tors of charity. The intent of the man- 
agers and patronesses of the Free 
Reading-room and Library for the 
Blind is that a permanent home shall 
be established for the sightless as soon- 
as is possible. The rooms at 2525 Six- 
teenth strot Tvhich have been utilized 
for the purpe .h of reading and teach- 
ing have not '. oea at all adequate, but 
since tii - fire ;.» quarters were all 
that coula b ined. The needs of 

the blind , s e pressing; they 

both desir* and deserve every assist- 
ance towaid (• lucation and recreation 
as may be sui Ued by reading matter. 

The purchaio of more embossed 
reading tablets is one of the prime ob- 
jects of the coming benefit, and the 
arrangements to obtain a better sit- 
uation for the library are an equally 
serious consideration. 

Next Tuesday evening will undoubt- 
edly bring to the managers a helpful 
sum; the programme is so attractive 


it will call out many 'merely to enjoy 
the pleasure of the evening. The 
prettiest of San Francisco's society 
women and the talent of the mascu- 
line contingent will be in evidence^ 
and many clever skits, comedy acts, 
topical songs and dainty dances will 
keep the audience interested for two 
or three hours. 

Among the participants will be Mrs 
Frederick McNear, Miss Jennie Crock 
er, Miss Enid Gregg, Miss Jean Gallois, 
Miss Merritt Reid, . Miss Marjorie Jos- 
selyn, Miss Mary Keeney, Miss Flor- 
ence Hopkins, Mrs. Worthington Ames, 
Mrs. Baldwin Wood, Mrs. H. McD., 
Spencer, Miss Vera Havemeyer, Miss 
Amy Bowles, Willard Barton Jr., Franks 
Hooper, H. McD. Spencer, Allan Dunn, 
Royden Williamson, Arthur Hooper,- 
Ray Folger, Frank Owen, Du Val 
Moore, Harold Bingham, Chapin Tubbsj 
Frank Kales, Roy Pike, Gayle Ander-| 
i;>n, Frank Daurey and Rudolph Ber- 

The executive board of the reading-; 
is composed of Mrs. Ralph C. 
Harrison, Mrs. John F. Merrill, Mrs. 
F. B. Young, Mrs. S. W. Backus, Mrs. |- 
P. C. Rockwell, Mrs, M. J. McDonald, 
Mrs. William Manning, Mrs. Charles 
F. Stone, Mrs. George E. Billings, Mrs. 1 
Charles M. Woods, Mrs. Edward Carl-I 
son, Mrs. I. N. Walter, Mrs. J. T. White,' 
Mrs. Elizabeth Gerberding, Mrs. H.j 
Hudson and Mrs. E. S. Breyfogle. 



sv /Norfolk* 
London s^^> 

lekpfponc* N? 5520 

Tfc GetTerai Press (httiyg 
Association hi 

.2 3 

V *~f 




Striking testimony to the immunity of the blind 

from aocidents oven when travelling alone wu 

given at a conference ot blind trave.lera held at 

Swiss Cottage School for the Blind on Saturday. 

In eocdemning vhe action of railway companies 
in stopping blind people from travelling on their 
lines, Mr. F. O. Smithers, who presided, said tb« 
average blind man oould not afford a guide. ■ 

Mr. H. Siainaby, secretary of the British and 
Foreign Blind Association, said it was an erroneous 
idea that the blind were more liable to accident* 
than those who could see. Many of the insurance 
companies v.crc now recognising this error, and 
were willing to insure the blind. In 30 years' ex- 
perience he knew of no caso of a 3erious accident 
in workshops for the blind, although there had 
been accidents there to people who could see, while 
on the railways he knew of only one accident 
1 to be duo to the victim being blind. 
In a letter Canon E. L. Gedge, of Gravesend, j 
stated ho had been stone blind for twenty-four 
years, during which time he had travelled in- 
cessantly pud unattended. He was of opinion thai 
a blind man of sound mind and health and ordinary was not liable to unusual risks in rail- 
way travel ling; but he would involve himself in 
trouble n he were to act as madly as sighted per- 
sons did. 

Several blind members of the audience gave their 
experiences as travellers, a Mr. Kelly stating that 
he had fceai refused a ticket by a ticket olerk of one 
of the metropolitan railways on the ground that 
/'they did not issuo tickets to sweeps or blind men." 
Mr. F. L. Marriott, hon. secretary of the Blind 
; Travellers' Defence Association, said he could not 
'understand why he was not permitted to utilise tbe 
; travelling facilities of a railway which was pre- 
pared to carry dogs, cats and monkeys. 

A committee was appointed to protect the in- 
terests ct* blind passengers on railways and other 
means of conveyance. 

rtOPTO^. VASR., Htvmt. VQ8T. 

Sunday, Sep. 26, 1909. 

Give Flag Woven by Blind 
^ • Girl to 1 9 1 5 Exposition 



A large hand-woven silk flag of Mas- 
sachusetts will occupy a conspicuous place 
in the Italian residents' contribution 

toward |l|e ^915 exposition. 

'fhui)o> itoftuhMMi 

an 11-year-old blind girl of the North 
End. It is an exact replica of the State 
flag, with the State seal in the centre. 
The background is white silk, while, the 
raised figures are worked in different col- 

II UlM lf — ■ H HIIM HW W I II M ll l. i- 



y O?iT. 



The musical_r*.ital given b3' Adam 

omposer, of Phila., ' 

vangelieal Church. 

The edifice was well 

members and their 

original selections on the pipe 
included "Kentucky Boy" and 
"Evening Bells." The composer did 
not confine himself to the sacred 
class of music, but played one of his 
lat.oy selections entitled, "The Flag 
Nailed to the North Pole." A Phila. 
man wrote the words. 

A feature was the selection of a 
song by any one in the audience, and 
the old hymn, "Blest Be the Tie That 
Binds," was named. He then dic- 
tated new music for it. Mrs. Mary 
Schaeffer was selected to do the 
playing, which was done on the 
! organ. The congregation joined in 
singing the old hymn to the new 
| tune. 

Mr. Geibel gave a short history of 
his life. He was born in England 
and when but a babe of nine days, 
he was stricken blind by a physician 
giving him the wrong kind of medi- 
cine in an endeavor to check fever. 
He was sent to the best eye hospitals 
in Europe in an endeavor to regain 
his sight. The family moved to 
America and he was again put into 
the hands of the eye specialists in 
this country. 

It was no use and the family put 
him into the Overbrook School for 
the Blind. Here it was soon evident 
that he would become a musician 
and he graduated with honors. He 
is at this time a professor in music 
at the Overbrook School and is one 
of the best known writers of music 
in Phila. 

i0tt Girls' Home Cost $t>5,000. 

Hind Girls' Home, at No. 5232 
Pa£ Sift of Mrs. Mary C. 

L. Culver, is nearing 


"wre No J. The building. 

lied, will cost $65,000, and will contain 

Irooms. It is of red brick and 

) cotta, with stone trimmings, built in 

the si an "N." stone 

each side of which are doric 

ocated at 

h Garrison avenue. 

Sunday, Oct, 3, 1909. 

>$lind Boy Proves Prodigy 

Afflicted with total blindness, a Boston 
boy has been able to surmount every 
educational difficulty placed in his path, 
and in the short space of four years 
enter the Roxbury Latin School as a 
second year student, after being the first 
blind boy to graduate from the nublic 
grammar schools of the city of Boston. 

This prodigious feat has been pci- 
formed by William Clement Plunkett, 
the son of Lieutenant-Commander Plun- 
kett of the United States navy, now sta- 
tioned in Boston. 

Although only 13 years of age, his 
learning and ability far exceeds that of 
boys of 16 or 17, according to all the 
teachers under whom he has studied ; 
and they confidently predict that his 
powers of concentration and assimilation 
will some day place his name at the head 
of one of the great professions. 


"My son had received absolutely no 
instruction beyond that in talking, until 
he was nine years old," says Comman- 
der Plunkett, "and It just goes to show 
what any blind person can accomplish 
if he has the proper determination. 

"While I was stationed in Washington, 
I set myself to thinking what was the 
best course to pursue with the boy; and 
it was only after consultation with some 
of the important people at the Congres- 
sional Library that I determined to send 
him to the public schools. 

"I had no sooner come to the determi- 
nation than I was transferred to Bos- 
ton, to put the U. S. S. Georgia into 

"We moved out here to Grosvenor street 
as being centrally located for education- 
al purposes, and began to give him his 
first instruction in elementary subjects. 
We got text books from Perkins Insti- 

tution and from the Boston Public Li- 
brary, printed in raised type. Then 1 
taught him such things as arithmetic and 
history, while my wife taught him his. 

"He displayed wonderful quickness in 
understanding and grasping everything 
we told him, and .retained absolutely 
everything in his mind. 

"It was only a few weeks before we 
considered him qualified to enter the 
grammar school; so we took him over to 
the Agassiz School, and asked Superin- 
tendent Gibson to allow him to enter in 
the fifth grade. Mr. Gibson laughed 
rather wearily when we asked him, and 
said without hesitation that he couldn't 
accept him, inasmuch as it would be 
impossible for him to keep up with the 
other boys in his class. 

"My wife and I finally persuaded him 
to take the boy on trial for a month. 
Mrs. Plunkett went to classes with him 
for the first two weeks, just to help him 
move around and get accustomed to his 

"And within a week he ha,d demon- 
strated his ability to make all the other 
boys in his class look sick as far as 
educational ability was concerned. He 
had two double promotions, and gradu- 
ated from the Agassiz School In three 

"We expect him to graduate from Rox- 
bury Latin ahead of time; and as soon 
as he does he will enter Harvard. He 
hasn't decided yet just what ho wants 
to be after he graduates from college; 
but he shall be whatever he makes up 
his mind to. He may be a lawyer; he 
may be a doctor. Whatever he is, he'll 
certainly be good. 

"Last summer, when I went over to 
the Agassiz School to get back some of 
the essays he had written for them, they 
wouldn't give them back to me. 'He 
do these for you any day,' they told me, 
'but we can't get them but once in a life- 
time.' I thought that was a very pretty 

!OCfOV \\ 


Sunday, Oct. 3, 1909. 

IJr$ves Blindness to 
Remain True to His Duty 

Stricken wftn bfmdaess five months ago 
as he paced the quailerdeck of the whal- 
ing bark Wanderer, in the wastes of the 
south Atlantic, a Bay State captain stayed 
on to finish making the greatest whaling 
catch in 40 years and risked a life in total 
darkness in preference to having played 
false to what he considered his duty. 

In a big white frame house overlooking 
Provincetown Harbor and its ever-shifting 
fleet of fishing craft, a restless, weather- 
beaten old man peers constantly through 
colored glasses out toward the open sea, 
trying to persuade himself that he is not 
half blind. 

He is Captain Benjamin A. Higgins, 
whose father was a fisherman, whose 
grandfather was a deep=sea sailor, and 
who himself has been a whaler since he 
was a boy of 13, and to him the reason 
why he did not direct his bark back to 
some port where he could have taken a 

steamer for civilization and its hospital is 
extremely plain. 

"Of course, I never thought of coming 
back," says Captain Higgins, "until I 
filled my vessel. The way we were get- 
ting whales when my eyes went back on 
me showed me that if our luck kept up 
we'd make a record catch. I didn't want 
to turn over the command to my mate to 
finish what I'd begun, and I thought that 
if I was going to be blind and this was to 
be my last voyage after 50 years of whal- 
ing, I might just as well stick to it and 
finish my sea life with flying colors and 
a record-breaking catch." 


It was only after the work of the 
voyage had been finished and the 
Wanderer reached Ponta del Gada on 
the Island of St. Michael's in the Azores 
that Captain Higgins consented to leave 
her and come back to America on the 
Canopic, which docked in Boston a few 
days ago. 



And that slight concession on the part 
of this brave-hearted old son of Cape 
Cod was made only after the Portuguese 
physicians of St. Michael's had shrugged 
their shoulders and said he was destined 
to be blind as a bat, while the surgeon 
n American cruiser told him he still 
had a chance if he would rush back_io 
Boston and go under the knife of an ex- 
pert optical surgeon. 

The operation was performed, the sur- 
geon gave him some scant words of hope, 
and Captain Higgins hurried to his home 
in Provinoetown, there to await the 
final results. 

"I guess It was coming to me," tells 
the captain. "You see, I was stone 
blind a dozen times in Alaska, and I 
33 this -is the end of it. I went up 
to Alaska in '98 and '99 when the first 
ricn strikos were made around Nome. 

"How did my eyes go back on me this 
trip? Oh, about five months ago every- 

thing went black before me while we 
were chasing a whale down in the South 
Atlantic. It was only for a minute I 
felt that way, but afterwards my sight 
made me feel queer to find every day 
when I shot the sun that I was having 
more trouble in making observations. 

"It wasn't long before I had to give 
up taking observations and had to let 
the first mate do it under my directions. 
He wanted me to go back to the Azores 
a_nd see a. doctor, but I made up my mind 
*^b" stay on and finish the cruise. 

"I thought if I was going to be blind, 
anyhow, I might as well finish up with 
a good record. I'll admit it was enough 
to make a man mad to hear them talking 
of a whale somewhere in the offing, to 
know the boats had gone out after the 
bis fellow, and then not be able to see 
it srV^all. It got to be sort of trying, 
but alOftB^o^ward the end of July we got 

the big whale, an 80-footer, that filled the 
Wanderer's last barrels, and we put back 
fo:- St. Michael's. j 

"I'll not be ashamed to say I was feel- | 
tag pretty blue, because the nearer I 
was getting to my home the more I was 
wondering what my wife would say about 

my letting my eyesight go. When I 
landed in Boston I went at once to an 
eye surgeon, who operated on me right 
away. So now all I've got to do i. 
wait until my sight comes back or goes 
"And when I get well I'm going back 

on the Wanderer, for according to sched- 
ule we'd ought to have discharged that 
load of oil and gone for another vear to 
get a second catch." 



Wednesday, Oct. 6. 1909. 




The heroism of Wilbur Gould of Easi 
Manchester, who has started in as a coa 
salesman in an effort to support himsel 
and his sick wife, despite his handicap o. 
total blindness, is being much talked o 
by his friends. 

For many years Mr. Gould was em- 
ployed by the Bodwell company, but fail 
Jna^evesight compelled him to give u. 
PWfiPl^Sfid he expended all his savingt 
in a vain effort to save his eight. Bui 
the treatment which he so faithfully fol- 
lowed failed, and for more than a yeai 
he has been totally blind. 

He is a member of Oak Hill lodge ol 
Odd Fellows, the New England Order o 
Protection, Gem Stark, O. U. A. M., a:u 
the Improved Order of Red Men, and hitj 
brethren in these organizations aidec 
him. although his spirit of pride and in- 
dependence made it hard for him to ac- 
cept assistance. 

His troubles did not come singly, fo: 
some time in the spring his wife was 
Btricken down with diphtheria and wai 
, taken to the isolation hospital. She re 
covered, but was again taken ill in Sep 
tember with appendicitis, and was take 
to the Elliot hospital for an operation 
Then it was discovered that she was suf- 
f«rhy? from ' cancer of the liver, and te-j 
still under her surgeon's care and in I 
critical condition. 

It was then that a sympathetic brothel 
obtained for Mr. Gould a position a. 
Salesman with a coal company, and he 
has entered upon his work with sue! 
desperate energy that he has alread" 
! achieved remarkable success. Until this- 
help came, he was in a state of despond- 
, ency that alarmed his friends. 


John Marney, irf Criminal Court, 

Brings to Light an Interesting 


A man who doubtless would have re- 
ceived a Carnegie medal hud his deed of 
heroism been performed subsequent to 
the establishment of such awards was 
led into the Criminal Court 'this morning 
for the purpose of having him declared 
not guilty of the 'barge of being a va- 
grant "and a pauper. 

The man is John Marney and he is about 
70 years old. Prior to 1895 he was an 
employe of a steel company. It was iu 
that year that the whole of his future life 
was blasted in one quick, searing moment 
of desperate heroism, and he was left 
Idindj^Htr""' maimed to ^lUTip"* iiiu^jp*^ 
trough all days to come. 

Johu Marney was a strong, efficient 
workman, always ready to see ami act. 
He gloried in his strength and efficiency. 
One day Felix Smith, a fellow-workman, ' 
was accidentally precipitated Jnto a sheet 
of molten flame. To save'his life re-! 
quired a.-tiou instantaneous. Xol a frac- 
tion of il second could be wasted in a 
thought of bow or of consequence. 

Johu Marney did not waste even a 
fraction of a second. He leaped into the 
deadly flame in oue supreme sacrincal 
effort to rescue the man iu time to save 

his shriveled, fire-blasted life. He saved 
Smith, but the man who a second before 
was John Marney, iu the prime of life 
and with good eyes and a handsome face, 
was John Marney, writhing in pain, his 
eyes burued out, his face a hideous spec- 

Later Marney sued the steel company 
for damages. He was awarded $15,000 
by the lower courts, but a strenuous 
fight was made against him and the case 
was taken to the Court of Appeals be- 
fore he got his .judgment and then the 
money. The contention of the steel com- 
pany was that the man saved by Mar- 
ney was not as competent as he should 
have been, and that his negligence was 
what caused the accident. It; was also 
claimed that the irreparable injury to 
Marney's face, was caused by a sheet of 
molten fluid being dashed into his face. 

Marney deposited the price of his hero- 
ism with a local trust company and re- ' 
signed himself to his fate— wandering in 
darkness and pain. On September L!9 last 
the old man was found acting strangely ; 
on the street. A policeman took him be- j 
fore Justice Tyson. Upon being ques- 
tioned, Marney answered in a dazed sort 
of way that he had no home, no rela- 
tives and no friends. Justice Tyson sent 
him to Bayview Asylum for two mouths 
on the charge of beiug a vagrant and a 
pauper. ^ r 

For several days the relatives of Mar- 
ney were at a loss to know what had 
become of him. Marney is of a good 
family. He has a married daughter liv- 
ing here and another in "Washington, 1>. 
C ! They communicated with Attorney 
Tazwell Thomas, of this city, and he 
Soon found out what had happened to 
the old man. 

This morning Attorney Thomas applied 
to State's Attorney Owens and asked to 
have the commitment abated and the old 
man declared not guilty. Judge Elliott 
was asked to hea'r the case, and as soon 
as the statement was made he ordered 
Maruey's release. His sou-in-law from 
Washington, a Mr. Gilmore. was present 
and took charge of him. It was stated 
that Marney still has a large sum of the 
money he got from the steel company 
and Is very far from being a vagrant. 

The old man presented a pathetic ap- 
pearance as he stood before Judge Elliott. 
The place where his eyes should be is a 
scarred hollow. He still suffers from 
pain, and every once in a while be passes 
his hands over his face and groans. Mar-* 
ney seemed as delighted as a child whe 
the pocketbook and other trinkets whic 
had been taken from him when he wa 
picked up were restored to him in cou 
by Attorney Thomas. 

Saturday, Oct. 9, 1809. 



— A 

Afflicted With Total Blindness 
Youth Surmounts Every Edu- 
cational Difficulty Placed In 
His Path— Has Entered Rox- 
bury High School as Second 
Year Student. 

Aitiicted with total blindness, a 
Boston boy has been able to sur- 
mount every educational difficulty 
placed in his path, and in the short 
space of four years enter the Rox- 
bury Latin School as a second year 
student, after being the first blind 
boy to graduate from the public 
grammar schools of the city of Bos- 

This prodigious feat has been per- 
formed by William Clement Plunkett, 
the son of Lieutenant-Commander 
Plunkett of the United States Navy, 
now stationed in Boston. 

Although only 13 years of age, his 
learning and ability far exceeds that 
of boys of 16 or 17, according to all 
the teachers under whom he has 
studied; and they confidently pre- 
dict that his powers of concentration 
and assimilation will some day place 
his name at the head of one of the 
great professions. 

The father in speaking of his boy, 

said : 

" My son had received absolutely 
no instruction beyond that in talking 
until he was nine years old," says 
Couiaiander Plunkett, " and it just 
goes to ahow what any blind person 
can accomplish if he has the proper 

" While I was stationed in Wash- 
ington, I set myself to thinking what 
was the best course to pursue with 
the boy ; and it was onlp after con- 
sultation with some of the important 
people at the Congressional Library 
that I determined to send him to the 
public scheols. 

" I had no Booner come to this de- 
termination than I was transferred 
to Boston, to put the U. S. S. 
Georgia into commission. 

" We moved out here to Grosvenor 
street, and began to give him his 



first instruction in elementary sub- 1 
jects. We got text books from 
Perkins Inst i tut ion . and from the 
Boston Pubhc Library, printed in 
raised type. Then I taught him 
such things as arithmetic and history, 
while my wife taught him his Eng- 

"He displayed wonderful quick- 
ness in understanding and grasping 
everything, and retained absolutely 
everything in his mind. 

*' It was only a few weeks before 
we considered him qualified to enter 
the grammar school ; so we took 
him over to the Agassiz School, and 
asked Superintendent Gibson to al- 
low him to enter in the fifth grade. 
Mr. Gibson laughed when we asked 
him, and said without hesitation that 
he couldn't accept him, inasmuch as 
it would be impossible for him to 
keep up with the other boys in his 

" My wife and I finally persuaded 
him to take the boy on trial for a 
month. Mrs. Plunkett went to 
classes with him for the first two 
weeks, just to help him move around 
and get accustomed,, to his su ound- 

"And within a week he had dem- 
onstrated his ability to make all the 
other boys in his class look sick as 
far as educational ability was con- 
cerned. He had two double promo- 
tions, and graduated from the Agas- 
siz school in three years. 

"We expect him to graduate from 
, Roxbury Latin ahead of time; and as 
soon as he does he will enter Har- 
vard. He hasn't decided yet just 
what he wants to be after he gradu- 
ates from college; but he shall be 
whatever he makes up his mind to. 
He may be a lawyer ; he may be a 
doctor. Whatever he is, he'll cer- 
tainly be good. 

"Last summer, when I went over 
to the Agassiz School to get back 
some of the essays he had written 
for them, they wouldn't give them 
back to me. 'He can do these for 
you" , any B (Iay'',* they told me, 'but we 
can't get them but once in a life time.' 
I thought that was a very prettj 



OCTOBER 10, 1909 



Clement Plunkett, 13 Years Old, 
Conjugates Latin Verbs and 
Does Interest Problems Like 
Boys Who See, 



AN EDUCATED, cultured, refined lady wanted 
isslst a blind man In a professional office. 
Apply to or address Prof. ARTHUR. 304 Green 
St.. Cambridge. SWS: 08 

Headmaster D. O. S. Lowell of the 
Roxbury Latin school, a few days ago, 
was very much surprised at the request 
of a 13-year-old blind boy, William 
Clement Plunkett. who wanted to take 
the entrance examinations of the school. 

He was still more surprised, upon 
reading the examination papers, to find 
that PlunKctt had won the third rank 
among 15 competitors. More than this, 
the boy showed himself able to skip a 
year's work, and last week he entered 
as a second year student. He is the 
son of Lieutenant-Commander Charles 
p. Plunkett of t lie navy, roiumander 
Plunkett was the executive officer of 
th"e battleship < 


:iem, for y his njl 

name, takes his scat in lookoom 

to work h) '-oblems, 

write his" compositions and conjugate 
"nls Latin v«rbs. He is the col- 

lege preparatory course arc ts to 

go through college in due time. 

Except for th'^ muffled whirr of- his 
small portable typewriter, the sensitive 
groping of his long. delicate fingers 
about the desk. th« visitor would hardly- 
suspect tha: he was acquiring his educa- 
tion against tremendous odds. Yet he 
hfls not seen the steam or the loconio- 
t.-e that "ne studies about, nor 

ars that c.e reai was 

a child. Ili> has ne football 

es, nor the basket ball matches, the 

tntinually buzzes 

around his ears. 

Unusually tall well 

proportlo ts an ar- 

row. His skin Is ' I his fa 

not bronzed as that average 

young barbarian at the close o£ the 
summer vacation. Otherwise, except In 
the matter of sight, he is . oily 

normal boy "And he is probably hap- 
pier than any one of us," says his 
father. "He gets just as much pleasure 
out of his school and his daily life as 
any boy, just as much fun in going 
about the street or in taking long walks 
with his brother. And he has all the 
enthusiasm in the world for his school 

How He Does Arithmetic. 

Jn the 
a whole day but for a short recess, he 
unpleting his work than 
fpetitor. For his arith- 
d a specially prepared slate 
the small lead oblongs of 1 
Over the fai.e of the slate is fastened a 
stout wire scree len using this he 

up the type like, pegs in a cribbage 
board. The numerals in the type 
not the usual Arabic numbers. "Take 
this lead, for instance." explains 
father, who taught him the use of the 
slate. "Tnere is nothing on it but a 

dot placed in one corner. Yet this 
stands for one, three, seven and 
When it Is out into the screen a cei tain 
way, it stands for one. with the dot in 
another direction it means three; and in 
another seven." Taking another lead 
from the box, he showed a diagonal 
across the square with a tiny fork run- 
ning downward. "This stands for two, 
four, six aod eight, the differentiation 
being made In the way that It is put 
into the slate. In the same waj 
of type that looks like the Greek letter 
delta represents either the addition, 
subtraction, division or multiplication 

Though this appears to the uninitiated 
a rather cumbersome device, Clement 
can work with it as rapidly as the aver- 
age person can figure with a pencil. 
The only stumbling block ts the size of 
the slate. Sometimes the problems in 
long division spill over the edges long 
before the answer is worked out. In 
spite of this defect Clement has ad- 
vanced from 12 times 12 to compound 
interest by this means. His father sees 
no reason why he should not study cal- 
culus upon it later on. 

In taking notes, Clement uses a 
Braille typewriter. This, of course, is 
for his own use. In the preparation of 
his compositions he uses a small port- 
able typewriter, the same type of ma- 
chine as that used by seeing persons. 
He has had it only a short time, yet 
his typewritten sheets are the envy of 
many who have served a much longer 
apprenticeship at the machine, 
learned, of course, by the touch system. 
In a composition of nearly a whole page 
that he wrote last week there was only 
one mistake, and that, curiously enough, 
was a slip in one of the letters of his 
name. He also prints very legibly, 
which is an unusual achievement for a 
blind student. 

Teacher Had Blind Father. 

. He has only been in school 'four years. 
When his father first talked with the 
teachers of the Agassiz grammar school 
In Jamaica Plain in regard to his son's 

entrance they shook their heads. They 
doubted If it could be done, but if the 
boy could get along they would be only 
too glad to do their part. 

In his first year Clement fell into the 
hands of a teacher whose father is blind. 
Immediately there was a bond of sym- 
pathy between the teacher and the eager 
boy. Under her encouragement he be- 
gan to feel a new confidence in himself. 
He progressed readily, revealing a mind 
of unusual brilliance. At the time of 
his graduation last June h« ranked 
among the first in his class. 

This record of achievement has not 
been made, however, without some me- 
chanical help at home. Clement has 
had three trusty companions along the 
road to learning, a mother, a father and 
a brother, who is now a student at Mar. 
vard. There have been many hard 
knots to untie in the family council, but 
its members declare that they have never 
been worsted yet. 

At the beginning of Clement's school 
work his mother accompanied him to the 
class room. Sitting by iiis side she lis- 
tened as intently as he to every word 
from the teacher. By so doing she en- 
abled him to see with her eyes, thus 
keeping the connection unbroken be- 
tween his mind and the tasks assigned 
to him. Hi needs this assistance only 
at the beginning of each year, however. 

Every evening in the Plunkett home 
during the school term there is a bus- 
tle of activity. Before the family 
council is a sizable list of lessons. Not 
many of these can Clement prepare 
without some mechanical aid. Very 
few school text books are prints in 
Bratlle. Editions change .so rapidly 
that their transcription into the 

ge of lots, a long and very expen- 
> process, follows slowly. Occa- 
sionally Clement to obtain a 
tpol book printed in the raised 
Arabic letters. With this device he 
studied Latin grammar during the 

But most of his reading he does 
through the help of others. While his 
mother reads to him the story of 
William the Conqueror, the events ate 
photographed upon his brain just as 
arly as if he were studying the 
maps and illustrations, in hL» book. 

J >■' 






Department Store to Market Articles 
Made By th . gai fW tless. 

In the summer house In Central Park, 
just off the entrance at Fifty-ninth 
street and Central Park West, ten blind 
j girls yesterday "saw" the great military 
> parade. The same girls were there on 
Tuesday to attend the historical parade 
of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration. None 
of the two million persons who lined 
the sidewalks and filled the grandstands 
at these two parades enjoyed them more 
than did the ten blind girls in that 
summer house, and by their help thou- 
sands of otlier blind persons will be 
able to read about the parades and 
enjoy them, too. 

The girls work in the office of the 
Matilda Ziegler Magazine for the Blind, 
at Xo. 30G West Fifty-third street. That 
magazine, printed in raised characters 
and sent free to every blind person in 
the United States, is maintained by Mrs. 
William Ziegler. 

The ten blind girls who work in the 

magazine office assembling sheets were 

permitted to go to the summer house. 

where they heard the music of the 

bands as they passed and the rhythmic 

tread of soldiers' feet. Friends who 

were not blind told the girls all about 

what was passing, so that they saw the 

parades through the eyes of others. 

, They enjoyed every minute of it, and one 

| of the girls told the manager of the 

: magazine that on Tuesday night she 

leep because she kept 

;ing in delight of all the beautiful; 

things she had "seen." girls will 

' the carnival Parade to-morrow 

night the s ime ■• 

•jrfwt MxmsmxA 


— A Swiss watchmaker has Invented a 
watch for the blind and is said to be 
swamped with orders for them. It has 
no grlass and its face is of enamel, while 
the hands are inside the case. The fig- 
ures work automatically, appearing a lit- 
tle above the face as the hands pass un- 
neath. This makes it easy to tell the 
exact time by the touch. 


P. v 

Chance for the Blind to Sell Their 

The November Matilda Ziegler Magazine 
for the blind announces that a depart- 
ment for the sale of goods made by the 
blind in all parts of the country has been 
opened at the store of R. H. Macy & Co. 
Articles for sale must be sent prepaid 
to the Ziegler Publishing Company, 306 
West Fifty-third street. The magazine 
folks have agreed to handle them to pro- 
vide a market for the things which sight- 
less persons are taught to make at school. 

rep^jj^mT for the sale of articles 
made exclusively by blind men and 
women throughout the country will to- 
day 'be opened in Macy's department 
store. The money received from the sales 
will go to the makers of the articles. 
Macy's is helping the Matilda Ziegler 
Magazine for. the Blind to keep the sight 
less ones busy. As Helen Keller phi 
it. -The burden of the blind is not their 
blindness, but their idleness." 

The articles on . sale ..are displaved on 
the eighth floor rjf the store, near the 
restaurant, where they will be observed 
by thousands of persons every day. 

OCTOBER 30, 1909 

Chicago, Oct. 30.— Blind from birth, but 
able to take the difficult course of medi- 
cine and surgery without study, througli 
telepathy, is the remarkable assertion 
made to-day by J. W. Bolotin, a student 
in the Chicago College of Medicine and 

Bolotin, n young Russian, aserts that 
through a sixth sense, which he cannot ex- 
plain, he can read the minds of his friends 
and classmates and in that manner acquire 
from them the knowledge they obtained 
through hard study. 

II. Wolk a room mate of the mysterious 
blind student declared, that after com- 
pleting his studies for an evening. Bolotin. 
even though no conversation had passed 
between them, would be more familar with 
the subject which he had been reading 
than himself. 



Published Every Day in the Tear by The 
Boston Herald Company. 171 Tremont Street 

-WE DNESDAY, NOV. 3, 1909. 

Fit of Weeping on Visit from Son 
Cures Blind Father. 

SIOUX CITY, la., Nov. 2— The sight 
of William Holloway was suddenly re- 
stored to him yesterday, following a fit 
of weeping. 

When Thomas Holloway, a son, who 

had not been home in a long time, came 
hare to visit, the father buried 'his face 
on the son's shoulder and wept. Wip- 
ing away the tears, Mr. Holloway sud- 
denly exclaimed : "I can see you, Tom." 

Blind Man Asks' v 
to Abolish Corner 
Ston es at Crossings 

Unique and Pathetic Petition Pre- 
sented to Street Commissioners 
of Manchester, N. H. 

MANCHESTER, N/ II., Nov. 6.— George 
Main, an nged blind man of this city, has 
brought before the street end park com- 
missioners a proposition which is as un- 
precedented as it is pathetic. 

Mr. Main asks that corner stones and 
curbings in sidewalks be removed at all 
crossings, and that nil private dwellings 
which cut through sidewalks be raised to 
their level, so that blind persons like him- 
self may walk the streets without fear of 
stumbling and falling. 

In explaining bis strange request Mr. 
Main says: 

"If a man obstructs n railroad, he must 
go to prison. Mr. and Mrs. Carriage should 
have no more right to oostruct a sidewalk 
than Mr. and Mrs. Pedestrian. 

"You who have eyes cannot realize the 

: worry and pain these obstructions cause 

poor fellows such as I, wiio must always 

walk iu darkness. I may he walking 




When your PIANO needs 
Tuning or Repairing, call 
write or phone :: :: :: 

Irwin Lindner 


1927 J 



straight along whore the wi 
and level, and suddenly the ;. 
to drop from beneath me and down I com 
from the curbing edge to the crossing 
flags, six inches belotr, with a thud that 
jars my spine, or, worse yet, plunge in a 
puddle of water that floods the crossing. 
That water Bhould be turned under the 
sidewalks, not along the gutters." 

The commissioners, much pressed by 


Association W 7 


8 OHIO, NEWS (2601 


The Manchester Branch of the National League 
of the Blind are endeavouring to obtain from the 
candidates at the municipal elections promises 
to assist them in obtaining concessions for the 
blind from the Tramways Committee of Manches- 
ter and Sal ford. Since the introduction of elec- 
tric traction, they say, the difficulties of the 
sightless pedestrian have been increased in 
various ways. There are about five hundred 
sightless persons in Manchester and Salford, and 
not more than one in every five is constantly 
employed. For the most part the remuneration 
they are able to obtain is such that it is quite 
impossible to pay car fares, though they could 
enjoy the ease which such travelling facilities 
would afford. The fear of establishing a prece- 
dent by which some gentlemen appear to bo 
alarmed is not a very real danger in this case.. 

The local authorities aTe merely asked to give 
a " quid pro quo " to the blind in lieu of the 
taxes they are obliged to pay for the many things 
which the average citizen is free to enjoy, but 
from which the blind are entirely shut out, viz. : 
Parks and open spaces, museums and art gal- 
leries, etc., etc. While efforts have been made to 
obtain these advantages for the blind of Man- 
chester and Salford, several other local authorities 
have acceded to similar requests. In Accring- 
ton, Bradford, Dundee, Kilmarnock, and North- 
ampton free transit has been granted. Oldham 
has granted half fares to the blind, and in "Kigali 
a universal penny fare has been arrange^ B3J 
them. i 


o Died at South- 
tel Gives Balance to 

Nearly $20,000 is bequeathed to char- 
itable institutions in St. Louis toy the 
will of Louis S. Bellman, a retired 
brewer, who died at the Southern Hotel 
last Friday. The will was filed in tne 
Probate Court yesterday. The remainder 
of his estate, aggregating about $20,000, 
Is left to relatives, most of whom live in 
St Louis. In addition to two bequests to 
cousins of the testator living in Los An- 
geles, Cal., amounting to $11,000, the 
provisions of the will are as follows: 

Sinai Cemetery Association, grave, S50O; 
Martha Parsons Hospital for Children. $5000; 
Memorial . Home. Grand and Magnolia ave- 
nues. $5000; Skin and Cancer Hospital, $5000; 
\ltenheim (Home for the Aged). $3000; St. 
Louis Provident Association, $1000; JBIifljw 
Girls' Home, $800; Humane Society ot Mis- 
souri $.100; Mount St. Rose's Hospital. $500; 
Moriiz Hellmann. $5000; Charles, Bedle and 
Isaac Hellman-n, $500 each: Jesse A. and 
Rolant YVolnort. $1000 and $500, respectively, 
and Irma Heller. 8100. J 



is*ion fcfrants Several Increases at 
the Latest Session. 

At the regular annual meeting of the 
blind commission Thursday afternoon in 
the county commissioners' office, ten new 
indigent applie.r.ns ajwkgti to be alio 

a pension. 

Nineteen ftf those who had former!?' 
received a pen-ion asked for an increase 

Of the ten new. all were allowed $120 
per year. Their names are; E. J. Hanna, 
Johanna Birch. Sablna Miller. .1. C. Dun- 
fee. P. A. Wilkins. Mary Bird. William 
D. " Wright. W. H. Kaler. Katherine 
Henry and E. J. Mackey. 

Those" allowed increase? were: Lewi| 
Harrington, C. W. Bragg, John Dukling, 

Frank Bennett, John M. Grant. Adolphus 
Wilson. C. M. Brown, C. E. Short. Agatna 
Fincfrock, Dora Hill, Anna Grogan. J. 
T. Uowells. Ellen Sullivan. Lafayette 
Lamb, William Schmidt. John Ganey, 
Elijah Bruner and Pearl Beaton. 

■•wow, msw afa»fr. oeob* 

Thursday, Nov. 11, 1909, 

Education of the Blind. ' 
Mrs J. M. B., Woburn— The main end sought 
in the education of the blind is to fit theni in 
as many ways as possible to compete— "tftTE" 
the more fortunate who can see, to take them 
out of their despondency and cive them a 
worthy object to accomplish in life. The first 
Institution for the blind was founded in Mero- 
mingen by Weef VI in 1178. the second in 
Paris by Louis IX in 1200, and the first for 
the employment of the adult blind in Kdiiiburg 
by Dr Johnston in 1793. The work in the 
school for the blind is about equal to the ordi- 
nary high school course, but persons who be- 
come blind after childhood must bc^in with 
the alphabet as little children do. Writing is 
taught by tracing with a pencil letters sunk 
into a stiff card. This manner of writing can 
be read by seeing persons. The point systems, 
Braille's and Waite's, are generally used by 
blind peopje to communicate with one another. 
In some institutions for the blind the usr: of 
the typewriter is being taught, and it is said 
that some excellent work is being done by the 
pupils, in the study of music the notes are 
read to the pupil, who writes theru down in 
the Braille or Waite systems, and then studies 
them at the instrument until they are mem- 
orized. In most schools books in raised orint 
are used. The first book of this character was I 
printed in Paris in 1784 by M Valentine Hany ! 


Wednesday, Nov. 10, 1909. 



Richmond, Va.. Nov. 9.— Medical experts 
are interested in the case of 19-year-old 
Audrey Wilson of Nottoway county, Who 
is totally blind in the day but can see like 
a cat in the dark. 

The young- man can speed a bicycle when 
the night is so dark that ordinary people 
have to walk with caution, but in the day 
he gropes about able only vaguely to dis- 
tinguish any object, and with no discrim- 
ination as to colors. 
Because of his peculiar infirmity the 
i y'-UlU? nian is noted as a P° ssum hunter. 


Published Every Day in the Year by The 
Boston Herald Company. 171 Tremont Street. 

THURSDAY, NOV. 11, 1909. 


Miss Wade of Lynn Was 103— Single 
Because of Promise. 

Miss Phe.obe Ann Wade died yester- 
day in her 103d year at the home of her; 
niece. Mrs. Kenneth D. Wentzell, 70 
Jenness street, Lynn. Miss Wade called 
herself "Lynn's oldest old maid." To a 
reporter who ca.ied to set her on her 
10°d birthday hist March she said: 

"'The reason 1 never married was that 
mv mother died when I was a young 
girl and I promised her [ would always 
take care of my father. He lived to be 
98. I had plenty of suitors, but I kept 
my promise." 

Miss Wade was born in Wadesville, 
Annapolis county, N. S., March 10, 1807. 
Vfter the mother died the family came 
to Lynn, and for many years Miss 'Wade 
•worked there as a nurse. For several 
years she was totally blind. 



Student Is Taking Course In 
Mediclie Through 




Chicago, Oct. 30.— Blind from birth, 
but able to keep the difficult course of 
medicine and surgery without study, 
through telepathy, is the remarkable as- 
sertion made by J. W. Bolotin, a student 
in the Chicago College of Medicine and 
Surgery. Bolotin, a young Russian, as- 
serts that through a sixth sense, which 
ot explain, he can read the 
f his friends and classmates, 
hat manner acquire from them 
bwledge they obtained through 

Wolk, a roommate of the myste- 
blind student, declares that after 
completing his studies for an evening, 
Bolotin,' even though no conversation 
had passed between them, would be 
more familiar with the subject which he 
had been reading than himself. 

"Jake," as Bolotin is called by his 
friends, does not believe his power is 
anything supernatural or anything be- 
yond what any man could do if he 
would think instead of being superficial. 
The unusual mental powers of the young 

blind student have made him the mar- 
vel of the medical school. He has only 
recently matriculateed and the students 
and faculty are astounded at his gift. 

Recognizes Stranger. 

In the dissecting-room the reporter 
was directed to the "man who doesn't 
have to study." Bolotin Instantly recog- 
nized the reporter as a stranger and 
stopped him in the middle of his request 
for an interview to tell him he knew he 
wanted to make an appointment after 
the class had adjourned. 

The reporter was preparing to ask if 
he professed to read the minds of others 
when Dr. Bolotin broke in with: "Well, 
there's nothing supernatural or uncanny 
about that. I don't claim to be an 
pert at mind reading, and there are only 
a few persons with whom I am success- 
ful. The whole thing is very largely a 
matter of memory and sound reasoning. 

i gel al 
■y nicely. We have 
and understand each other thorough 

"Is it true that Wolk reads to hirns 
and you -mderstand what he is r< 

"Yes,'' said both men al once. "We 
do that." said "Wolk. "I will sit close to 
Dr. Bolotin and go over the text, and 
the next day he will appear in class and 
make a better showing than I do. - ' 

Reads Friend's Mind. 

"Wolk and myself," said Dr. Bolotin, 
"have known each other since child- 
hood. Tie always said he would be a 
physician. T absorbed the same ambi- 
tion from him. When we used to play 
j together I soon learned what Wolk was 
thinking about. He soon went to school, 
and used to tell me what he was study- 
ing. I soon found out that I could tell 
What he was reading. At first it was 
always connected, but as the years 
we|ft by I got so that whatever was in 
'Wplk's mind would flash through mine." 

Sightless Men and Womeri Refute 

Argument That Begging Is 

Only Occupation Left 



-y — 

Joe Wright, with His Familiar Cry, 

and Other Toilers Earn Their 


PnlT £ y ; . n the De e ar t™nt or 

Public Safety, acting at the suggestion 

,J, VOr Re 5' bu ™, began the task of 
ridding the streets of beggars, and es- 
pecially blind musicians and the like 
Special pleas for this large and seeml 
made. Those who interested themselves 
particularly in behalf of the blind beg- 
gars and street peddlers were prone to 
lay stress on the -disability of the men- 
dicants: they asserted that, being blind, 
begging was about the only means open 
to them by which they could eke out a 

This plea for the blind unfortunates 
gained much sympathy, and the resist- 
ance to the efforts of the Police Depart- 
ment to rid the principal thoroughfares 
of the so-called nuisance has so far 
been successful. The familiar forms of 
the blind men and women, who pick up 
considerable money during the course 
of a day, are still to be seen on the 
streets ,and at the same time there are 
others who are blind and who give the 
lie direct to the assertion that the loss 
of sight prevents one from making a 
living in ways other than alms-asking. 
There are many blind persons in this 
city, scores who have never seen the 
light of day, who toil daily and make a 
good living. The--e are many who have 
been working hard for years, and who 
say that being blind does not mean that 
one cannot work. As for begging, they 
declare that it is not at all necessary, 
and there is a tendency among this 
class of workers to look down on the 
professional mendicants. 

Perhaps one of the best known blind 
men in Philadelphia is Albert Endress, 
or "Blind Al," as he is known to thou- 
sands. Endress has been totally blind 
for thirty long, weary years, and yet 
daily he toils, makes a comfortable liv- 
ing, needs no assistance and he says he 
is happy. Only recently "Al," who for 
the last four years has had a little 
newspaper, candy and fruit stand at 
the southeast corner of Sixth and Chest- 
nut Streets, lost his wife in a tragic 
manner. She was shot down and killed 
by Policeman George Eels, who, in pur- 
suing his wife, shot wildly and one ol 
the bullets struck Mrs. Endress. 

While Endress does not like to dis- 
cuss the blind mendicants, he gives one 
the impression that they find begging 
an easy way to make a comfortable liv- 
ing. But with great emphasis he asserts 
that being blind does not prevent one 
from working, and working hard. 

"I have been blind for thirty years," 
said Endress yesterday, "and the loss of 
my sight has made a business man ot 
me. For thirty years I have earned a 
living by the sweat of my brow and by 
the touch of my fingers. I work hard 

i <-»«*-c,j2_T oven fjOfflTBt f'^tl 

I am blind. I am Kept -ousy waiting on 
customers, and ■ the busier I am the 
happier I am." 

There is much of the philosopher in 
"Al," who, rising at 5 o'clock every > 
morning, has half a day's work done 
before many of us are out of bed. 

"There is little reason," said "Al," in 
discussing the subject, "why a person 
who is blind should not earn a living. 
It is harder, of course, but it is possible. 
I believe that almost everything is pos- 
sible. Before I lost my sight had any- 
one told me that I could hone arjd 
strop a razor and shave myself, I would 
not have believed him. But I can do 
It now and never cut myself And," 
here a smile plaj'ed about his lips, "I 
can even shave myself in the dark. I 
cut my own hair and do my own mend- 
ing and there is no good reason why 
I should not do all these things." 

Endress' daily life gives a good idea 
of wjiat a blind man can do. He lives 
now at 1532 South Twelfth Street. Up 
every morning at five o'clock, he walks 
to the Dock Street market, where he 
purchases his supply of fruit for his 
little stand. Some of it he carries and 
some is delivered. By half past six 
o'clock his stand is open and ready for 
business, and "Al" is on the job until 
nightfall. Then home and to bed early 
to be ready for another day. 

There are other blind men besides 
Endress in Philadelphia who conduct 
little stands, make a good living and do 
not have to beg or to play "near- 
music" on the public streets. Their 
stories are all similar to that told by 
"Blind Al," namely, that blindness does 
not prevent one from working. 

A figure, equally as prominent and as 
well known as Endress, although en- 
gaged in an entirely different manner 
of •arninff a livelihood, is Joseph Wright, 
colored, whose strident and warning, 
"Yee! yee!'" is a familiar sound all ov2r 
the city Wright is a delivery man; 
there is hardly a part of the city he 

J-.stanCL- is tOO' 
great for him. He is totally blind, yet 
this loss of sight seems in no way to 
prevent him from earning a good liv- 

For several years Wright has been 
employed by different firms in the Read- 
ing Terminal market as a delivery man. 
Hea.vily laden with goods to deliver, he 
will start out, cane in hand, and the 
rapidity with which he covers ground 
is remarkable. Of course, he often uses 
the trolley to take him to distant points, 
but he likes to walk, and day in and 
day out he can be seen in different parts 
of the city, basket on arm, delivering 
goods to the customers of his employers. 
He and Endress are great friends, and 
are often seen together. Wright Is also 
an early riser. He gets up usually at 
four o'clock In the morning and an hour 
later he may be seen at the Terminal 
market ready for his first deliveries. 

Blind broom makers abound in Phila- 
delphia and they find their employment 
congenial as well as remunerative, sev- 
eral of them owning little shops of their 
own. One, Thomas Wilson, who owns a 
broom-making establishment In Ken- 
sington, employs two blind men. and he 
says they earn good war°s. "Wilson be- 
lieves that blind men cat set themselves 
to many tasks and that begging is not 
at all a necessary means of making a 

Out on Island Road, in Darby, is a 
well-known institution where cjften ex- 
convicts are taken in and given em- 
ployment that has a blind broom-maker 
and weaver who has been there for 
years. He declares that he would rather 
work any day than beg, and further- 
more there is no good reason why he 
should beg. 

Instances could be multiplied of cases 
where men and women, sightless, and 
some of them crippled, work for their 
living and are happy in their employ- 
ment. The idea of begging never occurs 
to them, and most of them have their 
savings laid away against the time 
[ when they can no longer work. 



, // ■ of 


Novel Proposal Wade to the London 

Coumy Council. 

Cookery classes for blind girls is the novel 

proposal' which the L.C.C. Evening Schools 

Sub Committee are asking the L.C.C. to 

! adopt Twentv blind girls (the Education 
Committee were told this afternoon) are 

! anxious to obtain instruction in cookery. 

1 The Council were therefore being urged to 
arrange for two classes for them at the Stan- 
hope-st. Evening School, St, Pancras. Ai 
the same time, they are urged to provide 
lectures in hygiene .and literature for blind 
people at the South London Institute for 
the Blind in Borough-rd., Southwark. 

w v. HERALD (2878) 




Herald Reader Contributes in Admi- 
ration of Woman's Herioc Fight. 

The Hkrai.o has received $10, contributed 
by V. W. Smith -for Miss Lottie Sheldon, of 
Mount Pleasant, Mich., who was born 
blind, but, through hard work, saved just 
enough money to have an operation per- 
formed on her eyes, which cured her after 
twenty-three years of darkness. Her 
heroic fight aroused the admiration of Mr. 
Smith who said yesterday he considered 
it one' of the most remarkable cases of its 
kind that he had ever heard of. He want- 
ed the Hebalp to. forward her the moneyi 
to help in her convalescence. 

N. Y. HERALD (2S7S) 




The Rev. John B. Tabh. known in thi^ 
rand Eutope as a poet of high 
lajt liight at St. Charles Col- 
lege, HJiwJrfcity. Md ~ of nervous 
trpuWaL'«e was born in Virginia in 1845 
andJLryed in the Confederate navy as a 
blockade runner during the civil war. 

Soon after entering the Roman Catholic 
priesthood, in 1884, Father Tabb was ap- 
pointed professor of English grammar in 
St. Charles College, and held that posi- 
tion continuously until within a short time 
of his death. His poetry has been highly 
praised in England. Some months ago 
became totally blind. 


Blincl Mother's Sons Taken 
From Her as Deserters 

though Bearing Heavy 
^ irden of Woe, Mrs. 
^tckie Trombley Coun- 
* seled Boys to Surrender. 

What One Blind Woman Does. 

Sews with small needle, which she 
herself threads. 

Cuts out her own waists and 
dresses and makes them up. 

Washes, irons, bakes, gets the 
meals and does her own house- 

Blind for the last 20 years, her hus- 
band's whereabouts unknown for 15 i 
years and both her sons under arrest \ 
as deserters from the United States . 
army, Mrs. Riekie Trombley of 250 ■ 
Gerald avenue Is an example of how ; 
to be both patient and cheerful under ' 
adverse circumstances. 

When seen Wednesday this remark- ■ 
able woman was hanging blankets on , 
the backyard fence, feeling her way 
about with a stout cane. 

"I know just about where to find the 
different parts of the yard," she said, 
"but I take the cane with me to- make 
sure of my movements. It is an awful 
thing to be blind, but still I'm thank- 
ful I have pretty good health. At the 
same time T rejoice that I can do so 
much without my sight. Tou see all 
these carpets in our home? Well, 1 
cut the rags for them myself and 

sewed them together since I became 

"How in the world did you thread 
the needle?" she was asked. 

"Ah, that was pretty hard," she an- 
swered, "until Mrs. Fitzgerald, my 
neighbor, brought m e a new kind of 
needle— one that has a little spring in 
the head." 

Mrs. Trombley prodticed the needle 
for inspection. It is about the size of 
the ordinary needle, but is threaded 
from the lop instead of the side. The 
thread is pressed through the Utile 
spring and then the needle is thread- 
ed the same as if the cotton were run 
through the eye from, the side. 

"When Mrs. Fitzgerald brought me 
that needle I couldn't have been hap- 
pier if I .had been handed $100." Mr*. 
Trombley declared, her face wreathed 
in smiles. "Sewing is nice work for 
me and I ain glad to be able to do it." 

Irs. Troimbley lost her sight through 

iess. after the. birth of her young- 
est boy. now 20 years old. She felt 
the affliction keenlv at first, but she 
gradually got accustomed to doing ! 
■-- "in the dark." Five vears af- | 
ter the blindness struck lier, her hus- 
band suddenly disappeared d.nd sne 
has not seen him to this dav, she 

"After my husband disappeared 1 
went to live with mv son-in-law for 
a while." Mrs. Trombley explained- 
"1 didn't stay there long, however. 
Of course, a son-in-law is all right, 
but when he marries a girl he doesn't 
want to keep the whole family. Well 
anyway. I left the home of my son- 
in-law and went to Royal Oak to work 
on the farm for my sister I got 
only $5 a month, but it helped quite 
a f>it. After a while I came to this 
house, wnere T am now, to keep 
house for .father and mother. Mother 
cued a i.ew -years ago and now only 
father Is left. Roth of my daughters 
are married. I have two sons Ed- 
ward, 26 wars old, and Willie, 20.' 
Tells of Her Boys. 
"At present my boys" — here her 
voice broke — "are in the guard house 
at Fort Wayne for deserting from 
the navy. Edward deserted two years 
<wn and was home with me "since 
then up to last Wednesday, whei he 
was captured by Constables Mc- 
Ciintock and Herbert. They soon got 
Odward too " *>° l 


the blind mother. "They were only 
doing their duty. I often used to 
tell Edward to go and give himself 
up. and once or twice he planned to 
do so. He was always nervous 
fearing an officer was after him, and 
I'm glad now that his mind is easy 
I used to say to him, 'Edward, go 
and serve your time for deserting- 
they cannot give you life.' Mv boys 
enlisted for a certain time and they 
ought to complete their term. It is 
a duty they owe to their country I 
talked to the boys in the guard house 
on Sunday. What is to be done with 
them I do not know, for as vet no 
word has been received from the 
army authorities in regard to their 
cases. I hope to have them home 
with me soon, for I like their com- 
pany; they read to me and otherwise 
make life pleasant for me. Edward 

b'o"d al to mT" k ' ng 3nd Paying h,S 
N. Y. HERALD (2S73) 



ft Would Found Society 
Telp Those, in Various 

Edward too. 
"I don't blame the officers. 


Introduced for consideration by the 
American Rabbis' Conference in Temple 
Beth-El yesterday was an exhaustive re- 
port on religious work among Jewish 
bHnd^ieafmute delinquents, farmers and 
Jews^fTTnTarmy and navy. The report 
was read by Rabbi Abram Simon, of 
Washington, and consideration of it will 
be deferred till Monday. 

The report told of the existence of 1,600 
Jewish deaf mutes in this country, of 
whom 1,000 live in New York city. It was 
stated that of 29,000 insane in this State, 
1,800 are Jews. In the Craig colony^ for 
epileptics 110 out of 1,300, or about ten 
per cent, are Jews. There are few Jewish 
blind outside of New York city, where 150 
are aided by local councils, but receive 
no special religious ministrations. 

The report recommends a special train- 
ing for rabbis wno will take up work 
among Jewish delinquents, together with 
the founding of a Jewish prisoners' aid 

Another attempt was made to have the 
conference pronounce on the question of 
marriage beitween Jews and persons of 
other religions, and a resolution was 
offered by Samuel Schulman and William 
Eoseman against such marriages. Dr. 
Silverman moved that the matter be laid 
on the table. Dr. Stolz moved that it be I 
refevied to the Committee on Resolutions. 
This was done. 

The Rev. Dr. Joseph Silverman delivered 
the memorial address in honor of the one 
hundredth anniversary of Rabbi Samuel 




An interesting little woman. Miss 
Then-sn r>; Frances of New York city, 
is bl ind. Although no other member 
of ueT'Tamily has any affliction. Mis3 
Frances is the housekeeper. She at- 
tends to all the duties of such a posi- 
tion. She is an expert cook, does 
dainty work with the needle and pre- 
fers to do the ironing of her own weai 
of a delicate character. She has a 
cheery nature, arranges her apartment 
and has time to teach other blind peo- 
ple who come to her to learn the art 
of housekeeping. 

~&?4^>4 C? **■>-- 









Teachers Praise His Work— Father In- 
tends to Send His Son Through Col- 
lege and Prepare Him for Some 
Profession — Instructors Beg for 
Some of Youth's Essays. 

Afflicted with total blindness, a Bos- 
ton boy has been able to surmount 
every educational difficulty placed in 
his path, and In the short space of 
four years entered the Roxbury Latin 
school as a second year student, af- 
ter being the first blind boy to be 
graduated from the public grammar 
schools of the city of Boston. 

This feat has been performed . by 
William Clement Piunkett, son of 
Lieutenant Commander Piunkett of 
the United States navy, now station- 
ed in Boston. 

Although only thirteen years old, 
his learning and ability far exceed 
that of boys of sixteen or seventeen, 
according to all the teachers under 
whom he has studied, and they con- 
fidently predict that his powers of con- 
centration and assimilation will some 




dav rtaoe-KSnSSUBe at. the Head 61 

Commander P lu £ kett ' v^nd per- 

goes to show what any blind p 
son can accomplish it ne 
proper determination. 

Sent to Public Schools. 
"While I was stationed in Washing- | 
."iset myself to thinking what 
l°as 'thlbei/ course to pursue with: 
♦wl v^v and it was only after con 
uTtaX wth some of the import 
ie0 ple at the congressional l^rary 
It I determined to send him to the 
blic schools. ' . - 

"I had no sooner come to the de 
( rmination than I was transferred to 
xwton. to put the battleship Geoigia 
nto commission. r „, WMr 

"We moved out here to Grosyenor 
street IT being centrally located for 
Educational purposes, and ■*«*«> f_ 
eive him his first instruction .in ele- 
rnentaTy subjects. We got text book* 
from PterJOaS ...lasti^*^ 11 and from 
the Bostonpublic library, printed m 
rafsed type. Then I f taught htaj ™ch 
things as arithmetic and Wstoiy, . 
while my wife taught him his Eng- 

llS ™ e displayed wonderful quick- 
ness in understanding and grasping 
everything we told bim and retained 
absolutely everything m his mlnu 

"It was only a few weeks before 
we considered him qualified to enter 
the grammar school; so we took him 
over to the Agassis school, and asked 
Superintendent Gibson to allow him 
to enter In the fifth grade. Mr. Gib- 
son laughed rather wearily when we 
asked him, and said without hesita- 
tion that he couldn't accept him in- 
asmuch as it would be impossible for 
him to keep up with the other boys 
in his class. 

"My wife and I finally persuaded 
him to take the boy on trial for a 
month. Mrs. Plunkett went to classes 
with hhn for the first two weeks, just 
to help him move around and get 
accustomed to his surroundings. 

"Within a week he had demon- 
strated his ability to make all the 
other boys in his class look sick as 
far as educational ability was con- 
cerned. He had two double promo- 
tions and was graduated from the 
Agassiz school in three years. ■ 

"We expect him to be graduated 
from Roxbury Latin ahjead of time, 
and as soon as he does he will enter 
Harvard. He hasn't decided yet just 
what he wants to be after he has 
been graduated from college, but he 
shall be whatever he makes up his 
mind to. He may be a lawyer; he 
may be a doctor. Whatever he is, 
he'll certainly be good. 

"Last summer, when I went ovei 
to the Agassis school to get back some 
of the essays he had written for them, 
gey wouldn't give them back to me. 
'He car- do these for you any daj, 
ttfeV told me, 'but we can't get them 
but once in a lifetime.' I. thought 
that was a very pretty compliment. 
N. Y. MORN. SUN (2875) 


V Mew Ides, 


Exhibits at the Natural 
_jtory Building. 

Jiomn for the blind was opened at the 
\merican Museum of Natural History 
on Saturday. The idea originated with 
Curator Sherwood. The aim is to make a 
collection of things that will explain them- 
selves by their shape. ' 

A teacher from the Library for the Blind 
at 444 Amsterdam avenue will have thei 
department in charge and Mrs. Agnes L. 
Roessler will oversee it. 

One of the most interesting things in 
the department, which is in the south 
corridor of the bird hall on the second 
floor of the museum, is the big table 
on Which the exhibit will be displayed. 
It is forty-five feet long by five feet wide, 
and was made of ono tree cut in the Philip 
pines. The top is nearly a foot thick and 
the sides still have the bark on. The 
table legs are sections of a smaller tree. 

. . r> | OTTOT1 TjyrfTPlT '"-IV I 

There are mounted birds in the collec- 
tion. Care has been taken to select those 
which have some striking feature. Indian 
baskets and implements are also exhibited 
and a talk on the red men will be given. 

Many specimens of coral are in another; 
division, likewise sponges, sea plumes, 
seaweed and crabs. Peruvian pottery 
is shown by many curious jugs and vases, 
and with each specimen goes an interest-, 
ing bit ol spoken history. 

IftStWt 1fe»Mtt»t 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., as 
Second Class Mail Matter) 

324 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 


State Flower Mission Will Send Out More 1 
Than Five Hundred Thanksgiving Bas- 

Through the kindness of the Church of 
the New Jerusalem, the State Flower Mis- 
sion is carrying en its Thanksgiving wnrk 
under highly favorable conditions this 
year. Long ago, the W. C. T. U. rooms in 
the Congregational Building, and the 
marble corridor in the basement were out- 
grown, but still the workers kept on, and 
even in the restricted space they accom- 
plished great things. But it was difficult 
and hard for everybody. 

Today, the State superintendent, Mrs. 
Samuel Wright Simpson and her assistants, 
find themselves ,in the large, airy, con- 
venient church parlor, the entrance to 
which is at 15A Beacon street. The gen- 
erous response to the suggestion that this 
would be an ideal place for this purpose 
was readily given, not only for this time, 
but for the similar undertaking of the 
mission at Christmas. Th'e headquanors 
will continue to be across the way. 

The spacious kitchen is turned into a 
beehive of activity. Barrels, packing cases, 
bags and bundles from Maine, New Hamp- 
shire, Vermont and Connecticut, and all 
parts of Massachusetts, testify to the 
earnest presentation on the part of Mrs, 
Simpson, in behalf of the sick and the 
lonely in the big city. 

The country people have been most gen- 
erous in sending the fruits and vegetables, 
jellies and preserves as well as evergreen, 
bittersweet and bright alder berries from, 
the woods to decorate the baskets. Gener- 
ous friends in the city have contributed 
money, for there is considerable expense at- 
tached to such a broad charity. 

There will be more than five hundred 
baskets sent out from the mission between 
now and Wednesday night. These are lar- 
ger than the ones of previous years and 
they are generously filled. Each contains 
apples, oranges, jelly and sugar, together 
with tea, coffee or cocoa, malted or con- 
densed milk, fancy crackers and possibly a 
pie. For special cases recommended by the 
district nurses or social workers who know 
where the need is most urgent, a chicken 
is added to these. Fifty were all Mrs. 
Simpson could buy this week at the pres- 
ent high prices. 

One hundred and four of the baskets fO 
to tuberculosis patients and a bottle of 
grape juice Is tucked away In these. Near- 
ly a hundred are for blind shut-Ins who 
have a strong claim on the sympathies of 
the tender-nearted on account of their 
helpless state. 

As far as Is possible, all the sick peo- 
ple whose names are sent In, are remem- 
bered. After the baskets are arranged and 
set along the edge of the vestry, according 
to their destination (for all details are care- 
fully systematized) paper sacks will be 
filled with a variety of vegetables, fruit 
and jelly for families where there are sick 
or convalescent members. Already eight 
motor cars have been offered for the dis- 
tribution, and many volunteers will also 
visit the homes with their friendly offer- 
ing of cheer. 

Those who assisted Mrs. Simpson were 
Miss Leila M. Sewall, Miss Eva K. Foster, 
Miss Fanny T. Loring, Mrs. John Alexan- 

der' Miss Alice Williston, Mrs. Mary Dun- 
„!«' Miss Olive Moulton, Mrs. James W. 
s£pa?a and Miss Vivian R. Collins. Mrs. 
H Son Hay, wife of the assistant pas- 
tor of the church, also lent valuable aid. 

t0 DuHn e ^the k m rning, Mrs. B. M. Sherrill, 
formerly of Louisville, Ky., visited the par- 
lor She was a life-long friend of Jennie 
rlsseday of that city who, when bed-rld- 
SroSanl«d the flower mission of the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and 
started other forms of benevolent ac- 
tivity. 1 

Ifojstoit $atIff'#lobt 

Established March 4, 1872. 
(Evening Edition F irst Issu ed March 7. 1878.) 

The Boston Sunday Globe. 

First Issu ed Oct 14, 1877. 



Early Work of Newton's Blind Pas- 
tor Praised in Service in Second 
Congregational Church. 
NEWTON, Nov 28-With many of the 

older parishioners in attendance a 

B ! ^onJierafdJompajay^r^^ 


■ = rrr N ^ED?LAYlNrr?OTBALL 
BLINUCw 2-Harold 

.ESS S.SSU « * tera ucHe 

-roped his way ""^^ns realized the 
53d. until his co-PW^ took him 
P^Vhe PhvsTcTan who attended him 
£S e ilgM »U be restored. 


Tools to Bring Happiness to 
Hearts of Little Folks 


From a photograph by E. L. Zimmerman. 

The blind Storekeeper 

of North Tonawanda. 

North Tonawanda, Nov. 19.— Ed 
Blessing has been blind for a great 
many years. For nine years he has not 
been able to see light from darkness. 
He has been keeping a small store on 
Oliver street in North Tonawanda for 
the last nine years, in which he sells all 
kinds of tobacco, cigars, candy, brooms, 
stationery and notions. He runs the 
store without any assistance whatever, 
doing all his own buying and selling. 
Without any hesitation he will get what 
you call for and make change in coin 
money as rapidly and as accurately as 
a man who can see. All stores neces- 
sarily keep some things a long time 
before they can be sold. If one cannot 
keep a memorandum of any kind, it 
requires a splendid memory to remem- 
ber the price paid for goods. This must 
be remembered in order to sell at a 
profit. Sometimes Mr. Blessing trusts 
his patrons in accepting paper money 
from them. Occasionally they lie to 
him in telling the value of the bill and 
he is thus cheated; but his friends con- 
sole him by telling him that such crea- 
tures are not worthy of being called 

Large capital is not necessary to 
start a business even for a blind man. 
Mr. Blessing had but a few cents capi- 
tal. He walked to Buffalo, bought a 
few brooms and walked back to Tona- 
wanda, where he sold the brooms from 
door to door at a small profit. This 
operation was repeated many times 
until the capital grew, large enough to 
buy supplies for a small store. Now -he 
owns the grounds and store. 

Besides running the store alone he has 
rooms at the back of the store in which 
he lives. He cooks all his own meals 
and does all his own housework. Here 
again a splendid memory is required to 
know where all the ingredients are with 
which one needs to cook. 

In spite of the fact that Mr. Blessing 
lives such a lonely life, under such dif- 
ficulties, he has a very cheerful dis- 
position and as a result has many 
friends. He is such good company that 
his store is always well filled with 
friends, many of whom spend their 
evenings with him, thus bringing a good 

Mr. Blessing does not feel that his 
name is inappropriate. He thinks that 
a man who lacks the sense of sight has 
many other blessings which should en- 
able him to earn an honest, respectable 
living. E , u a 




On t t ftJ ' goT mte? "at the Pownall 
Hardware Company is a small wheel- 
barrow built by Isaac Gilbert ot 
Eighth and Chestnut streets and 
made out of wood carved with pen- 
knife and iron grazed at the kitchen 
stove The barrow was made and 
put together wheel braces and every 
thing by Mr. Gilbert who is entirely 
blind. Each year he makes a num- 
ber of articles for his little grand 
children for Christmas "among which 
are wheel barrows and express wag- 
ons. The work shows a deftness 
that is hard! surpassable by a me- 
chanic who has the faculty of sight 

and skill 

V iSOtjoe* 


Isaac B. Gilbert Shows Marked 
Skill in Building Wheelbarrows, 
Express Wagons, Etc. 



Aged Philanthropist Toils Day 
and Night With Knife and 

A Blind Santa Claus! 

And existing right here in Coate.s- 

rille, where he works patiently on 

jys intended to please his many 
rrand nieces and grand nephews and 

host of childish friends. 

Isaac B. Gilbert, of 7 6!) East Chest 
nut street is the Santa Claus, and his 
little workshop is in the cellar of his 
home. Totally blind; unable to dis- 
tinguish night from day, the old 
gentleman, well past the allotted 
three score years and ten; haB fash- 
ioned with his own hands, a gTeat 
pile of gifts for the children. 

Only a few days ago a great box 
was packed and sent to Aldus Sel- 
domridge. at Cambridge, Pa., a neph 
ew of Mr. Gilbert, containing Christ- 
mas gifts for the grand nieces and 
grand nephews of the blind man. 
Each gift was the work of the donor, 
and represented hours of patient toil 
The box contained little wheel bar- 
rows, two express wagons, and a 
score or more of other wooden play- 
things, in addition to a number of 
scouring boxes for the grown ups. 

A visit to this little old blind Santa 
Claus is worth while. Past seventy 
years of age, showing the vigor of 
his fifty years life as a farmer, with 
snow white beard, and a slight droop 
to his shoulders, he knows his home 
so well that he does not hesitate a 
moment in going in any direction. 
When the Record reporter went to 
see him yesterday afternoon, he 
found him going from hjs own hoim 
to the house of a neighbor for whom 
he was fixing a latch to hold her 
back door open. And him blind! 
Shop in Cellar 

His little work shop, which looks 
truly like the work shop of a Santa 
Clams is in the cellar. There he has 
a bench and tools. And it is there 
that he spends his happiest hours 
whittling away at some gift for 
some tiny friend or relative. 

.Mr. Gilbert was brought up on a 
big farm near Cambridge just out- 
side of Honey Brook. For nearly 
fifty years he worked on it coming 
into its ownership at his fathers 
death. He married and spent the best 
l part of his married life on it. 

And then suddenly about seven 
years ago came the dark cloud of his 
existance. One night while he was 
i milking he was struck with a terrible 
jpain in one eye. And he could not. 
I see any more out of chat eye. He 
I went to a specialist who told him 
i that the other eye would go blind 
| inside of a year. And it did leaving 
I this patient old man to wander In 
I the darkness during sunlight. 

The Gilberts moved to Coatesville, 
j residing for about eight months in 
the West End. Then moved to the 
•little home on Chestnut street above 
! Eighth avenue, and there, ever since, 
;they have lived. Mr. Gilbert in ad- 
IdUion to being blind is gradually 
being further afflicted, as he is grow- 
ing deaf. 

This comes as a hard blow to the 
old gentleman, since he cannot hear 
as easily as formerly the childish 
prattle of the little children he loves 
so nKuch. He found early in his af- 
fliction that he must have something 
to do to remain cheerful, so he be- 


<*- c\, ^cy gan, to fashion things out of wood 
J with a jack knife. His early efforts 

were crude, but he enjoyed making 
them, and gradually increased th* 
scope of his work until one Christ 
mas several years ago he made sev 
eral little wooden toys that pleasec 
his little relatives so much that th< 
next Christmas he made more, am 
as his skill had grown apace wit! 
the years, his later efforts were ver 

Of course he is always whitting e 
some little plaything, but it is 
the Christmas presents that he p 
his whole heart. Early in the sum 
mer, this year he started to work or 
the gifts that will please his little 
relatives this Christmas. And sev- 
eral splendid wheelbarrows, and ex- 
press wagons in addition to the in- 
numerable other thing he has made 
will be given to their intended own 
ers before the holidays, by this blinc 
Old Santa Claus. 


V Y. TiMT3S (2?T6) 



Boy Went Down Under a Hard Tackle 
and Playerv Piled^en Top. 

ASBURT »A. jrfLi^r Dec. 2.-Harold 
YetmaVjj lljfea^r old, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charlei' TetrnCn of 529 Lake Avenue, was 
stricken blind, temporarily at least, this 
morning following a hard tackle during a 
football play at the Excursion Grounds. 
Young Yetman, who is big for his age 
and would easily pass for a youth of 19 
or 20, was In position to receive a punt 
when a player on the other side flung 
himself headlong upon him. Then the 
other players piled on top. 

When the scrimmage broke and Yetman 
got from under, he coidd not see. He 
groped his way across the street, where 
he sat on the curb until an automobile 
came along and took him home. 

Dr. Ackerman believes the boy's sight 
will be restored. He says a blow on the 
forehead which Yetman received In the 
tackle caused the affliction. 



Rev. Clara B. M^i'ch, Nearly GO Years 
\ «d§C«fes to Milwaukee as 
V\f Agent. 

Rev. Clara B. Aldrich, blind, < 
nearly 00 y 

as agent for the Society for Pro\ 
Evangelical Religious Literature for the 
Blind. She visits the businessmen, 
rying on an extensive c lence 

and using a typewriter to write In- 
ters. She is the mother of Mrs. John 
T. Tate of Stevens Foiut, Wis. Mrs. 
Aldrich. in her solicitations of bus 
men. will not seek those of Jewish or 
Catholic faith. 

"They are already doing so much for 
the blind that I cannot ask more of 
them." she says. '"If the Methodists and 
Congregationalists and Baptists were to 
do as much as the Catholics and the 
Jews, there would be no need for my 



1 1 




[By the Ohio Commission for the Blind.] 
When school opened this fall at the 
Ohio State School for the* Blind two 
new pupils were admitted who had 
good eyesight until the fourth of 
July. The powder marks in the faces 
tell the sad story of two lives dark- 
ened forever by a too dangerous 
sport. Both law makers and the gen- 
eral public would put a stop to our 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., as 
Second Class Mail Matter) 

82* Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 


English Dealers Take Sight From Chaf- 
finches to Make Them Sing 

[From the London Mail] 

The magistrate at Lambeth Police Court 
has sentenced Frederick Collins, a laborer 
of 4 Sultan street, Camberwell, to three 
months' hard labor for cruelty to two 
chaffinches by blinding them. 

S. G. Polhill, who prosecuted on behalf 
of the Royal Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals, said that the practice 
of blinding was resorted to because birds 
so dealt with were' supposed to become bet- 
ter songsters or warblers. He was sorry 
to say the practice had been going on for 
many years, but in such secrecy that this 
was the first occasion upon which the so- 
ciety had been in a position to prosecute. 
The operation was carried on with a 
needle, and was done skilfully, so as not 
to burst the eyeball. The birds adapted 
themselves to their blind state in a won- 
derful way. They fed and found their 
water and jumped about the cage. 

Arthur Wilmot. one of the society's in- 
spectors, produced the two blind birds in 
court. He purchased them for Is. 6d. from 
the prisoner at his house, where one room 
was full of birds, at least ten of which 
were blinded chaffinches. The prisoner said 
he himself had blinded them, but that 
"blinded" was a dangerous word to use be- 
cause if he were "given away" it would 
mean three months in prison for him. He 
had been at "the game," he said, —twenty 

Alexander Pearce, veterinary surgeon. 


rmmm r*Mr ~*-Oaw**>* m*m 

foolish method of celebrating the 
Fourth of July if the cost of it were 
realized. Besides the cost to the chil- 
dren themselves and the added bur- 
den to the parents it will cost the 
siate $4,340 more to educate these 
two children than if they were in 
their home schools and still pos- 
sessed of the precious power of see- 

said that in the birds produced he came 
to the conclusion that the optic nerve and 
the artery in the centre of that nerve had 
been severed by inserting a needle at the 
bottom of the eye. This operation paralyzed 
the sight and made the bird totally blind, 
while leaving the eye to the casual ob- 
server the same as 'before the operation. 
The suffering would be acute. 

The magistrate (to the prisoner): You 
knew what the penalty was. It is three 
months' hard labor. 

:•.'. MASS.. TRA N<srn»rwr 


Blind Girl -Wins Phi Beta Kappa 

Born with defective sight, which 
became total blindness when she was 
eight years old, Miss Theodore J. 
Franksen, has been elaatai at— the Uni- 
versity of Chicago into Phi Beta Kappa 
Society for high scholarship. Announce- 
ment of her success was made known by 
Professor Harry Pratt Judson, president 
of the university, at the seventy-third 
convocation exercises. Miss Franksen is 
the first blind girl to receive such dis- 
tinction at the University of Chicago and 
one of the few students to be so rewarded 
at intend of three years' work. 


•y yfs,-*- 




Sunday. DseiMsiat li, lsfua. 

J e 



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o. q/cy ^\ 

acher of Blind Children 

jniiss Jtasie Glenfield, the 
the blind children of this city 

Girl Is Teaching Blind 
How to Read Books 

Miss Elsie Glenfield Devotes Her 

Time to Instructing Children 

of Poor Parents. 

Not Blind Herself, but Her Heart 

Goes Out for Unfortunates 

Who Are. 

Blind peop le of Minneapolis, -who 

their own reading-type, have been 
obliged to forego that pleasure in the 
past, but as the result of a recent visit 
to Minneapolis by Miss Clara B. Ald J 
rich, Joliet, 111., representative of the 
Society for Procuring Evangelistic Lit- 
erature for the Blind, Miss Elsie Glen 
field, 3005 Tenth avenue south, has 
taken steps to organize the blind of the 
city in classes which she will teach. 

According to Miss Aldrich, there are 
300 blind people in Minneapolis of the 
18,000 persons thus afflicted in the 
United States. 

Miss Aldrich became blind more than 
30 years ago, and since then she has 
devoted her time and money in the 
hope of educating every blind person 
in the United States. Despite the fact 
that she is old and blind, she is very 
humorous. Often her friends have heard 
her say: "There is enjoyment in life, 
although one must go about this world 
without, being able to see all the beau- 
tiful things that God has created. ' ' 

Miss Glenfield is not blind. Through 
Miss Aldrich she became intensely in- 
terested in the work of teaching the 

Minneapolis young woman who will teach 
the three "R's" this winter. 

sightless. She is now devoting her en- 
tire time to this work and charges 
nothing for it. One month ago she did 
not know the first step in educating a 
blind person. She could not read the 
relief type, but after careful and hard 
study she has become a very capable) 
instructor in this work. 

Two Pupils in Class Now. 

She is already instructing two pu- 
pils, and has a list of 50 more which 
she expects to be teaching witnm a 
month. She learns of the afflicted ones 
through business men and women who 
are acquainted with some one who is 
blind and wishes to receive instructions 

She visits the homes of her pupihf 
as often as time permits, and nevef 
once is she discouraged over the ig n J 
ranee of the pupil. It is very difficult 
work and is similar to teaching a chill 
the alphabet, but Miss Glenfield sajjl 
she enjoys it. 

Miss Glenfield uses the New Yorl| 
blind type. She first teaches the pupi^ 
the alphabet and then reading mati<- 
Weekly magazines and Sunday schoo. 
papers are sent to each pupil without 
charge, and in addition to this, books 
written in -the New York blind type 
are to be found at the Public Library 3 

at ^Vjii- 
of Chicago. 

Chicago, 111., Deo. 21.— Born with de- 
fective sight which became total blind- 
ness when she was 8 years old, Miss Theo-; 
dora J. Franksen last night was elected 
at the University of Chicago into the Fhi 
Beta Kappa Society for high scholastic 
average. Announcement of her success 
was made by President Judson at the 
University of Chicago's seventy-third 
convocation exercises. 

What is all the more remarkable, Miss 
Franksen is the first blind girl to receive 
such distinction" at the university and one 
of the few students to be so rewarded at 
the end of three years' work. 

Miss Franksen at her home, 5487 Monroe 
avenue, told the story of her struggle 
for an education under the handicap of 
loss of sight. She took her honors 
modestly and insisted that her mother, 
Mrs. Mary Franksen, deserved at least 
half of the credit. 

"Yes, I owe a great deal to my mother." 
she said. "She has assisted me more 
than I can say. She has been my com- 
panion to and from school, and 1 as given 
j up many hours in reading my lessons to 
me. But for her patience I think I would 
not have been encouraged to continue 
my education at the university." 

}r O f 


T 1 !■;. F. P. Em- 

niQK, president of the Burnley In- 

np*£rVL Law society,- one of the 

all MhkJktt reland a 

jndgerof the superior court dis- 
charged his judic ies for years 
when totally blind. The Hon. Rich- 
ard 1' ■ ■(pointed a 
baron of The Irish [iter in .1821 
1 flied in 1859 while still retam- 

He was for 

of his life wjiolly 

Mhid v 15, 1856, in 

of com- 
mons of * morion John Shel- 

• of call to tin >f the \ 

■ ; ■"•' n l Penm 

Cher's re 


stricture.—] a ,, T 

l i 

^^oti T ovftn fnrpAl 



Seriously Handi- 
y Infirmities, Thanks 

Katie Atwood, who is cruelly handi- 
capped in her struggle for existence by 
both blindness and paralysis, has taken 
a room at 1550 Lincoln street. It is a 
tiny, narrow little room clear up under 
the eaves, just big enough to hold a 
bed, a dresser a chair or two, and a table 
on which is her beloved typewriter; it's 
warm enough— sometimes. 

Here Katie lives alone— not quite alone, 
either, for some one has given he:' a 
little coal-black kitten and she has tied 
a scrap of red ribbon around it's neck, 
and calls it "her baby." The responsi- 
bility of seeing that she is comfortable 
and happy belongs to no one in particu- 
lar. Her situation would be dreary 
enough for even a young girl in good 
health, but it is - doubly so for a girl crip- 
pled and sightless, but with a morbid 
dread of an institution of any kind. 

"The thing I need most is just money," 
said Katie. "Being blind, I can hardly 
manage to cook anything for myself, And 
it only taken a little for me to go out 
to my meals. People have been awfully 
good to me the last day or two. There 
were two ladies who helped me move 
from my old room on California streot. 
I'd rather not give their names, but one 
of them paid my back rent for that roon\ 
and the other paid a week's rent in ad- 
vance for this room. 

"Then this morning I got a letter with 
a $5 bill in it— not a word to tell who it 
was from. I especially want to thank 
tlsat person. And the Stebbins Machine 
company, on Blake street, sent me a 
dollar, and the Denver Waiters' associa- 
tion sent a man up hero to tell me that 
they're going to take up a collection 
for me. 

"There are a few tilings I especially 
need besides money. I haven't any stock- 
ings or petticoats or warm waists. I'm 
fairly well fixed for Other clothes, but 
[ do need those things. And I wish ', 
could get this typewriter paid for. What 
rent I pay on it goes toward buying the 
machine, but there's still over $20 due on 
it. 1 can do private copying for any 
one it they would give me the work, 
and at least I can get to write down my 

"Besides ray bead work I can teli for- 
tunes witn cards- really I can do it pretty 
well. Mrs. Elitch-Long was awfully 
good to me last summer, and let me stay 
out at the Gardens anC tell fortunes. 

"I want to thank people for all they 
have done for me; ther? isn't mud: I ea;- 
say or do to show my appreeaitlon, bvit 
their help is coming at a time whsn 1 
surely need it." ^^i 

Brooklyn, N. Y. Citkti 


Sisters Are Now Caring for 152 

Inmates— Contributions Are 

Needed Jifthe Work. 

For the charitably disposed people who 
desire at this season of the year to make 
other people haflpy, attention is called to 


•i worthy eh The Brooklyn Home 

for Blind. Crippled and Defective Chil- 
dren," conducted by the Daughters of 
Wisdom at Port Jefferson. N. Y.. with 
offices at Nos. 4 and 5 Court square. 

This work of caring for the blind, crip- 
pled and defective children had an hum- 
ble beginning and has been steadily grow- 
ing during the past three years. There 
were thirty-two children when the Sis- 
ters opened the home, on Feb. 27, 1907, 
nnd at the present time they have one 
hundred and fifty-two children. 

The extraordinary work of educating 
and training children who are crippled 
or defective for life is no easy matter. 
They need more than the public school 
can give them, they must be trained in 
some special way. and these noble women 
have devoted their lives to this great and 
grand -work of charity, and they ask 
nothing for themselves except an opiK>r- 
tunity to minister to the spiritual and 
bodily wants of these affficted little ones 

Any one wishing to contribute may ' 
send direct to the Daughters of Wisdom 
at Port Jefferson, or to the office at 
Nbs.'4 and 5 Court square. Brooklyn. *+ 


tojgfoiit IZfaittsmtit 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Maes., as 
Second Class Mail Matter) 

324 "Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 



w. it. mm 

# c i * 

liLIXD no\ 

GuTi'n 1 " BlWmklertse, 


Aged 13. a 

Workman Though Sightless. 



Independence Kan., Dec. 25.— What 
Iss doesidhristmas bring to a boy 
been^ pnnd since his hirth This 
ques' p was asked of Guynn Blackledge, 
agedJuSbWCaney, a few days ago when 
he Ime to Independence to purchase 
electrical supplies. 

"Anticipation' of Christmas," here- 
plied, "is my greatest joy, and I await its 
coming with as much interest as any little 
boy or girl. I cannot, see the beautiful 
things, but I know of the great world 
around me and I am glad that I am living 
at a time when there is so much that I 
[pan d^ I enjoy Christmas iust as much 
as any of the children, and I if cannot 
6ee the beautiful presents I can feel the 
spirit that causes people to give them.' 

Guynn is called one of the best electri- 
cians of southern Kansas. He is easily 
the cleverest in his line in his home town 
of Caney, with its population of nearly 
4 000 The boy scouts the idea that be- 
cause he is blind there is nothing for him 
to do; there is much to do, and he is up 
and at it day and night. 

A few days ago he came alone to In- 
dependence and selected electrical sup- 
plies to the value of $65. These he took 
back to Caney, where he is engaged in 
wiring and fitting a building with a com- 
plete electrical outfit 

Electricians from many of the larger 
owns have gone to Caney to examine 
his blind boy's work, and they have uni- 
ormly reported that they have been 
anable to find a flaw in it. He works day 
ind night; that is, he can work as well at 
light as in daylight. He prefers the night , 
because he is not disturbed then. 

A Blind Man's Plight 

To the Editor of the Transcript: 

Two years ago I made an appeal in 
the Transcript for a poor man living in 
a far northern village who had been 
suddenly stricken with blindness. The 
doctor there wrote me that he feared 
for the man's brain, as he was in despair, 
having a delicate wife and four small 
children dependent upon him. 

By the generosity of the Transcript 
readers I was enabled to bring this man 
to Boston, where in the School for the 
Adult Blind he soon learned to be a 
cobbler. Lately a course in broom-mak- 
ing has been added to this and in these 
trades he is now proficient. He mends 
shoes in summer and in winter, when the 
deep snows confine him to his house, he 
plans to make brooms in a small shop 
which he has built, almost unaided, and 
in which the broom-making machinery 
is now installed. He has been about the 
country and has secured many orders 
for brooms and was looking forward 
happily and confidently to the future. 

But now a most discouraging obstacle 
confronts him, for broom-corn has more 
than doubled in coat;, and the poor fel- 
low has not money enough to buy it 
at the present inflated price! Unless help 
to do so be given him in this crisis, he 
cannot fill his orders and must stop 
working. This seems hard, as he has 
been unusually successful in all that he 
has undertaken, and has shown a splen- 
did courage in rising above his affliction. 
For the help which was given him in 
the past toward making him self-sup- 
porting he has always shown a touch- 
ing gratitude. He said to me: "I'm per- 
fectly blind. I can't see a ray of light, 
but when I think of what those people 
in Boston have done for me, it seems, 
somehow, as if it were all light ahead." 
Do the Transcript readers wish to con- 
tribute anything toward keeping it so? 
Subscriptions will be most gratefully re- 
ceived and will be acknowledged through 
the Transcript. 

Mrs. Thomas Aspmwall 

14 Hawthorn road, 
December 30. Brookline, Mass. 




Tuesday, January 4, 1910 
Miss Anne L. Sanborn. 

Miss Anne Leavitt Sanborn. 42, daugh- 
ter of Dr. C. H. Sanborn of Hampton Falls. 
N H.. and a niece of Frank B. Sanborn 
of Concord, died at the Vincent hospital 
from appendicitis. . 

She had been residing temporarily in 
Boston, engaged in the work of the com- 
mission for the blind. 



AURORA, 111., Jan. 4. — Professor Frank 
H. Ball, former superintendent of the 
school for the blind at Jacksonville, famous 
as an Inventor and philanthropist, Is dead 
at his home here, aged sixty-nine years. 
He succumbed to tuberculosis of the throat, 
from which the had suffered for muny 
months. He was born at Mechanic tails, 
Me lie invented a typewriter for the 
blind now used throughout the world. 


a tfy '"b 

Qass lor Blind Growing 


teM Now Has 
10 Are Learn- 
ing to Read. 

Efcie Ghsnfield, 3005 Tenth street 
south, who is teaching the blind m 
Minneapofis, has now 10 Wind persons 
on a Est and she visits them as often 
as time permits. She also has a Est of 
over 50 more whieh she expects to be 
teaching as soon as the busy holidays 
are over. 

Ihirrag the past two months, she has 
been very busy preparing this list of 
pupils. She teaches them the New 
York blind type and the Moon print. 

It requires a delicate touch to dis- 
tinguish the letters and in one instance 
Miss Glenfield found a young man 
whose finger tips are numb and it » 
impossible for him to feel the raised 
print. He is being treated by a doc- \ 
tor and expects to be able to learn to] 
read through Miss Glenfield *s instruc- 
tion. "It is too bad," said the young; 
man, "that my fingers are in that con- 
dition. I have often wanted to learn 
to read, but have been forced to forego 
it because of my lack of sense of touch 
and because there was no one to teach 


Miss Glenfield 's work has been very 
satisfactory and promising so far, and 
when the holidays are over, she expects 
to have all she can do. 
-.--■-■_- B 

Saturday, Jat ■ 1910 


tars Sylvia Prime 
Sees Again. 

Attributes the Cure to 
Divine Healing. 


Suffered from Blindaass 
Past Three Years. 

The restoration of the sight of Mrs. 
«vwia Prime of 142 Main street, aftet 
v three vears of blindnes«*~is_re; 
m *£ A as a miracle. Mrs. Miriam V. 
Kckard a ra'ce medium living at 16 
OhSnuc street, says that she did It with 
God g ven power, and she declares that 
2e fs Si«ed with the most sacred gift 
Sod ever bestowed on womankind, 
wi other Mrs. Pickard possesses sucn 
SEE. or " t the fact remains that Mrs 
Prime has had her eyesight entirely re-! 
2SS. and while she was unable to see , 
^ en light for nearly three years she 
„ow read the finest newspaper print. 
WUhTe/sSter. Mrs. Halo of 142 Mai. 
=Tr et with whom she is now making 
£ ^ home she gives all credit to Mrs 
PteKard and her wonderful power, and 
|f that she believes* the whole world 

should know of the miracle which has 
been wrought. 
Mrs. Prime is now 70 years old, hut E6- 
she feels younger tnan she has tor 
more than 15 years. The loss of her eye- 
sight was sudden, following an attack of 
illness, which left ' her with hard 
eyes, dr.e to a shock to the nerves. Spe- 
cialists in Boston declare'.! that one eye 
dead and that the' other was dying'. 
Mrs. Prime could not see from either 
eye and was told tl was totally 

blhul and would never tin, She 

underwent Mrs. Pickard's treatment and 
today when a Gazette er talked 

With her she said that Mrs. Pickard s 
divine power had healed tier and that 
she wanted the world to know it. 

is a pleasing conversationalist 
a perfectly delightful old lady to talk to. 
Mrs. Pickard's home on 
tt street today and received the 
reporter with a smile. She told him of 
affliction and her recovery, feeling 
ain that only divine power could 
have accomplisned such About 

three years ago she was taken ill ana 
when she recovered she found that she 
had lost her sight. One eye was totally 
blind and the other allowed hut a small 
white blur to penetrate. Oculists told her 
that she would never see again and, al- 
though she gave up all hope, she never- 
theless continued treatment, under vari- 
ous Boston eye specialists. 

Mrs. Prime formerly lived in Rowley, 
but she has sisters in this city, one of 
mi being Miss Flora I. Day, a.' teacher 
in- the public schools, assigned to the Gilo 
Stpeet school and at present on a lease 
of absence. Miss Day had occasion to 
consult Mrs. Pickard. who has been a 
trance medium for many years, and Mrs. 
Pickard told .Miss Day that she had a 
very close friend who was in great trou- 
ble because of her eyes. This was a 
revelation to Miss Day, and she was so 
deeply impressed with what the medium 
told her that she hurried to her sister's 
home on Main street and asked her if 
wouldn't consent to talk with Mis. 

Mrs. Prime thought it would be but a 
waste of time, but to please her sistets 
consented, and on Nov. 15 she re- 
ceived her first treatment. For a time 
she grew gradually improved in body, 
but the trouble with her eyes seemed to 
be not affected. Her blindnes had made 
her Weary and ill in body, but the gradual 
change for the better was taken as a 
manifestation of wonderful power, exer- 
cised by the trance medium. She on- 
tinued the treatment for live weeks and 
one morning when she was led down- 
stairs to her armchair, which she had 
never been able to find and to which she 
had to be led through what seemed eter- 
nal darkness, she discovered that before 
both eyes there appeared a white mist. 

She has worn glasses for many years, 
first because of her age and not too 
strong eyes, and later because of the 
appearance of the sightless orbs. She 
called to her sister and told her of what 
she could see, and then it was thought 
that the divine power was being rtiam- 
d. As quickly as wraps could oe 
donned the sisters hurried to an oculist's 
and asked him what the white mist 
meant. Me examined the glasses and told 
them that it meant that Mrs. Prime was 
wearing glasses which she didn't need, 
the lenses being far too strong for such 
good eyes. 

The sisters made no mention of the fact 
thjtt those same eyes had not been good 
ones, but consented to the adjustment of 
a lighter pair and, marvelous as it 
seems and too great a shock of joy for 
the two sisters to withstand, Mrs. Prime 
saw everything clearly. She paid the oc- 
ulist for the new glasses and walked out 
of the office, seeing her own way as she 
walked— something which had not hap- 
pened before for nearlv three years. Her 
eyesight had been completely restored, as 
suddenly as it had been destroved, and to- 
day she fervently declares that onlv the 
power of God, exercised through Mrs 
Pickard, could have accomplished such a 

Mrs. Pickard has been a trance me- 
dium for many years, but she has never 
held herself out as a divine heater In 
u.ct. she never realized her own power 
until a few months ago, when it was 
made known to her In a vision that Jesus 
Christ was showing her the power of 
healing. She was taken ill about 12 vears 
ago and while sick in bed in Newburvport 
realized her power of divining things 
L&Ht September she realized her power to 
heat. She had been afflicted with what 
the doctors told her was cancer and can- 
cerous tumors. They held out no hope 
tor her except she submit to an opera- 
tion. Upon returning to her home from i 
the physician's office she gave up in de- 
spair and was so ill she had to take to 
her bed, completely broken down by < 
weeping and worrying because of the op- 
eration which the doctors had declared 
was the only treatment which might pos- 
sibly save her life. 

She fell into a sound sleep which fol- 
lowed complete exhaustion and while she 
Jay there she says she had a vision of 
Jesus Christ. He seemed to be within a 
huge frame, His features Indistinct, but 
like those of the great paintings. He 
seemed to be beckoning to her to arise 
and she. followed His movements and the 
impressionshe seemed to gain from Htm 

was to throw off the ills. She follower 
the impression, rubbed her hands across 
her breast and threw off the ills, seem- 
ingly feeling better each time. The vis- 
ion did not reappear, but each night after 
that Mrs. Pickard continued to follow 
the impression, and within a month the 
swelling, discoloration and all pain had 
entirely left her. She believed tt was a 
manifestation of divine power which God 
had conferred on her. Since then she has 
believed In it and has practiced it and she 
savs that there are others in this city 
who could attest her power to heal if they 
would but admit it, like Mrs. Prime, who 
believes the world should know it. 

She was asked to tell just what her 
power was, and she said: "My power 
comes wholly from God, by the laying on 
of hands. God couldn't have given me a 
greater gift In all the world and all the 
rtches of the nations couldn't repay me 
lor the great joy I have felt since my 
realization of my power." 

PROVIDENCE <«t ',1 lOUowar 

i Hurscsay, January 

Miss Helen Keller's notable ajf£t*| 
aents arc recalled by the election td 
he Phi Beta Kappa Society of Miss 
Theodora Franksen. a student at the 
Jniversity of Chicago, who has been 
jjind, since she was eight years old. 
\t first thought so intellectual a dis- 
:inction in the case of a blind person 
might seem marvellous; but it must be 
remembered that there are no distrac- 
tions to be overcome under these con- 
ditions. The. pupil's mind is concen- 
trated on the Wbrk in hand, and all 
that is necessary is expert and un- 
wearying instruction, in addition, of 
course, to the student's 

l.i ME™ 

Frid ay, jar.psry 


Miss Anne Leavitt Sanbor 



Miss Anne LeaviCt'SanboA, of 
Hampton Falls, but recently residing 
temporarily in Boston, engaged in the 
work of the Commission for the Blind, 
died at the Vincent Memorial hospital 
on the first instant, and was buried 
at Hampton Falls, where all her ances- 
tors have lived since 1680. She was the 
only survivor of three children of 
Charles Henry Sanborn, M. D., who 
for forty years practised medicine in 
the territory of Old Hampton, after 
his graduation at the Harvard Medical 
school in 1856. * Miss Sanborn was her- 
self educated at the Wheaton Seminary 
in Norton, Mass., and was for several 
years active in the work of the Boston 
Children's Aid Society, under Mr. Birt- 
well. A severe illness twelve years 
ago kept her from active charitable 
work until the winter of 1908-9, when 
she volunteered for services to the 
blind, and was of late actively engaged 
there. Her illness was sudden and 
short, and she was tenderly cared for at 
the Vincent hospital. 

She was the last of her immediate j 
family, but leaves an aunt, Miss Helen 
Sanborn, of Hampton Falls, an uncle, 
F. B. Sanborn, Esq., of Concord, 
Mass., and several cousins and more 
distant relatives. She was modest and 
discreet in all her relations with the 
poor and unfortunate, to whose care, 
like others of her family, she was long 

A funeral service was held in Boston 
on Monday, and at her native town on 
Tuesday afternoon. 

T i" 

r Tn^j! 




Of Jig-Saw Type, but Figures Are Raised 
and Fitted by Touch. 

W V 

Since boo** were designed ' the in- 
struflticrii and entertainment '* i.«fcVbUad, 
it was only a question of time, of course 
when other amusements should be devised 
for the same purpose. One of the latest 
of these is the raised puzzle invented by 
a Massachusetts woman. This puzzle Is 
on the principle of the Jig-saw puzzle, 
but the configurations are raised so that 
they may be determined by touch. Any- 
one who has tried to put together a Jig- 
saw puzzle wRh the aid of two good eyes 
and all his other faculties will appreciate 
the jofr that is ahead of the blind man. 
A shallow box with holes in the bottom 
receives the blocks, and pegs on the 
bottom of the blocks fit into the holes 
and hold the pieces in place, so that they 
cannot become separated by accident 
Jafter they have been assembled with 
great care and difficulty. The onlv 



guide the blind man has is the conforma- 
tion of the blocks. The object should oe 
a familiar one, so that when it is made 
the person who constructed it can tell 
what it is by the feel of it. 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., as 
Second Class Mail Matter) 

324 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 


Aa Old Blind Xegro Woman In the South 

To the Editor of the Transcript: 

May I gratefully acknowledge the follow- 
ing gifts made in response to the appeal 
for an "Old Blind Negro Woman in the 

E V Vf 

p'.r'.r $10.00 

IP 4 TT 5. 00 

EWG 5 00 

T w'b 6.00 

KP B.00 

a" E t 50 ° 

E. C H 6.00 

A Sister . . .'.7.7. 3 00 


Total — - — 


Tri „, ( , _ Mns - L- P; Woodruff 

Trinity court, Boston. 

An Old, Blind Xegro Woman in the 

To the Editor of the Transcript- 

^/,V^ fU !' y acknow 'ecige the following 

fa" -Old" BlinTv t0 thG aPP6al ™*> 
*n Old Blind Negro Woman in the 

K. F, M 

ymous $10.00 

e ^ h ; coo 

Ms. It. A Holt - 6.00 

K. P. 5.0D 

Anonymous . . 

E C. H a.oo 

A Sister 7.7.77 3 °0 

If I can raise $20 more the "old woman 
will have care and comfort for a year 

Trinity court, Boston* ** * W °°— 

^Says politics for men. 


Mrs. Fritz Achflfis. chairman of the 
New York State .Association Opposed t 
WdianHk JfuffF yj fef addressed the Blind 
Womanj|c|pb. at No. 118 K— i WMlj*- 
st night. 

"Whet women are folly,, occupied with 
their own specific work and duties."' said 
the speaker, ''they may confidently and 
safely leave politics in the care of the 

Mrs. Frederick Dwight played selections 
on the piano preceding and following Mrs. 
Achelis' address, after which refreshments 
were served which Mrs. Achelis had pro- 
vided, and each blind weman also received 
a bouquet of flowers. A 


Thursday, January i3 ; 1910 

Would Compel Deaf, DumE 
And Blind To Attend School 

YD | 

The first public meeting of the School- 
Voters' Association was held yesterday 
afternoon In Jacob Sleeper Hall, Bos- 
ton University. Dr. Jane E. Rohblns, 
secretary of the Public Educational So- 
ciety of. New York, C. Hanford Hender- 
son, author of Education and the Larg- 
er Life, and Professor Charles Zueblln, 
all spoke. 

Dr. Bobbins' lecture was on "What 
Women Can Do for the Publlo Sohools," 
and in the course of it she told tha 
audience what her association was do- 
ing in New York. "We must remember 
that schools are ours and we should 
visit them often. If the principals act 
as If they thought the schools were 
theirs we must teach them different/' 
she said, in the course of her speech. 
"We must provide special schools for 
deficient pupils and get them out of 
the grades where they cannot receive 
the special training necessary in their 
case. We must also see, not only that 
we have schools for the deaf, the dumb 
and the blind, but that the children 
are forced to attend whether their par- 
ents wish It or not. We look to Bos- 
ton to show us the way In practical 


Breeder of ■ 

Single Comb Rhode Island Reds 

- Cape View Farm, West Barnstable, Mass. 

: Return if not delivered in five days 

education. Children should not be 
brought up in fifties, but child by child, 
in order for them to secure the proper 
instruction. We must force the com- 
mittee to spend more money on the 
schools. The school Is the finest thing 
In our existence." She also spoke of 
the immense benefit of a society such 
as hers and the one forming in Bos- 

Mr. Henderson's subject was "Democ- 
racy In the Schools" and he spoke 
particularly of the worth of hom in- 
fluence. His speech may be summed 
up in his concluding sentence: "In 
order to have democracy In the schools 
we must have it in the home and iq 
our industrial organizations." 

Professor Zueblln spoke on "What 
Schools Might Do," and enlarged par- 
ticularly on the necessity of the. co- 
operation of the oltlzens and teaohers. 
Mrs. Charles G. Ames presided. 

The society was organized Jan. 7, 
1910, and Its object Ms: To study the 
conditions and administrations in the 
public schools of Boston; to bring re- 
sults to the attention of the publlo; 
to assist in electing suitable persons 
for the school committee. 

The association is composed principally 
of registered women voters of Boston 
and other women who are In sympathy 
with the movement. 


The Ideal All Purpose Fowl 
. Circular Free 



O. <T( 

■'Supports Blind Father and 
/isters by Prize Fights 

?een\loet to those who 
the dope," to quote 

iEADERST of the sporting 
pages of the Leader 
have long known""aniM 
man nature story, the 
deta(Is of which have 
| been 

WWP talk. The following ro- 
te of the Kilbanes, especially 
Joh*ny Kilbane, | s accordingly 
transcribed from the sporting sec- 
tion, which— as everybody but the 
sporting editor knows-everybody . 
does not read, to the Metropolitan 
Section, which everyone does read 
; On New Year's night Johnny and 
Tommy Kflbane, who live on the 
same West Side street and are 
about the same age, but not related 
were the principals in a boxing bout 
-a prize fight-m Canton. Tommy 
fights for love of the sport and the 
fame it brings. Johnny fights to 
support a blind father and two lit- 
tle sisters. 

win, my boy?" 
greeting- Johnny 

( i " I -v n> you 

1 was the 

I J Killbane received as he 

entered the little home 

in Clinton avenue N. TV., the night 

of his recent boxing- bout with his 

greatest rival. Tommy Kilbane. 

"I won, father," was Johnny's brief 
reply, but the saying of those three 
words marked one of the happiest 
periods in the life of Cleveland's pre- 
mier exponent of the art at his 

"Praise the Lord." replied Johnny's 
father, not irreligiously, and he 1 of- 
fered up silent thanks for the victory 
ol his son. 

New, Year's day was a long vigil 
for Johnny Kilbane's father. That 
evening- his son -was to meet Tommy 
Kilbane in a boxing bout that meant 
everything- to him, and even more to 
his ambitious offspring. Early in the 
morning Johnny left for the scene of 
the battle in Canton, and the father 
could but sit and wait for the return 
of his boy to learn the result of the 
meeting that meant so much to both 
of them. 

His only regret was that he could 
not accompany his son to Canton 
sit near the ringside, and with words 
of encouragement, cheer him on 
Such a thing was impossible, how- 
ever, for Johnny Kilbane's father is 
blind. All he could do was sit 
around the little Are in the living- 
room, smoke his old clay pipe build 
air castles and wait. It seemed like 

All evening long a light burned in 
the Kilbane home, for the father re- 
fused to sleep a wink until he had 
learned what fate had decreed them 
Johnny's two little sisters were just 
as interested as the father, and they 
tried to keep awake as long as they 
sibly could, but were finally 
forced to surrender and seek their 
cots. It was not until they awaken- 
ed the next morning that thev 
learned their brother had returned 

The elder Kilbane gave Morpheus 
a knock-out punch, and waited pa- 

tien , o| ,,,, ,. te 

that meai I the home-coming of 
Johnny and the story uf the bout it 

was not until early in the morning 
that Johnny arrived at the home. 
Tfts. father had heard the footsteps 
long before he reached the door, and 
was there awaiting him, eager to 
learn the details of the encounter. 

He was indeed a happy man when 
Johnny assured him that victory was 
and that the big share of the 
se was his portion. Any father 
would have . been interested in the 
success of his son, but Johnny Kil- 
bane's father was more than inter- 

Johnny Kilbane. 

ested, because Johnny is regarded as 
the head of the family by the blind 
father and two sisters. Their support 
depends entirely on the success of 
Johnny's fistic efforts, and it was 
only natural that the result of the 
bout should occasion so much anxiety 
on the part of the father. 

There are a lot of peculiar coinci- 
dences connected with the two Kil- 
bane boys. Both Johnny and Tommy- 
are about the same age, were born 
within a stone's throw of each other, 
now reside in the same street, both 
make a livelihood at the same voca- 
tion, yet they are in no way related. 

The two youngsters started box- 
ing merely as an amusement. Bach 
mot with success and earlv gave 
promise of developing into highclass. 
boxers. Both boys are now ranked as 
featherweights of far more than or- 
dinary ability, yet each engages in 
boxing contests for an entirely differ- 
ent purpose. Johnny boxes because 
he is the support of a family of three, 
and because he can make more money 
at boxing than any other line of en- 
deavor which is open to him. Tommy 
boxes because he likes it. Money ap- 
peals to him but very little, the word 
"Victory" means a whole lot more at 
the end of a bout, than the money 
coming to him as his share of the 

Five or six years ago, Johnny's 
father, then a mill worker, contracted 
a severe cold in his eyes, and despite 
every medical attention he gradually 
lost his sense of sight. He soon be- 
came dependant on Johnny, and for 
several years the ambitious young- 
ster has been the support of the 
family. His ftstic efforts have been 
successful and through them he has 
managed to look after the folks at 
home in a comfortable manner. 

Tommy Kilbane, on the other hand, 
is the sou of well-to-do West Side 
people. The money that Tommy 
makes in his boxing bouts is a minor 
detail, it just about keeps him In 
spending money. Now that he Is In 
the fistic game, naturally his people 

desire to see him conquer, and there 
was just as much gloom in Tommy's 
household as there was joy in John- 
ny's when the result of the meeting 
was carried home. If Tommy fol- 
lowed the wishes of his parents, how- 
ever, he would now be attending some 
college, and instead of a boxer, might 
in a few years be a legal light, or a; 
man of prominence in some other 

Inside of a little over a year, John- 
ny has twice met his arch rival, 
Tommy, and in each instance he has 
been returned victorious. The out- 
come of each contest meant every- 
thing to Johnny in a financial way, 
nothing to Tommy, except from an 
artistic standpoint, and strangely 
enough Fate decreed that the for- 
tunes of the battle in each case 
should go to the poor boy. 

One year ago on Thanksgiving eve, 
Tommy and Johnny met in a twenty- 
five-round engagement, a short dis- 
tance from the city. The contest was 
held in a hall scarcely large enough 
to accommodate 400, yet practically 
a thousand people were packed into 
the room like so many sardines. Both 
boys had trained for months for the 
contest, Johnny thinking only of the 
financial harvest to be reaped, while 
Tommy cared for naught except vic- 
tory. The boys fought for a percent- 
age of the receipts, and to the win- 
ner it meant about $500, to the loser 
scarcely half that amount. 

When Johnny left home that even- 
ing for the ringside he carried with 
him the conviction that nothing short 
of victory could make the engagement 
a profitable one to him. For two days 
later a note for $100 was due on in- 
surance carried by Johnny's father, 
and several other liquidations to be 
met that would just about eat up the 
loser's share of the contest, if that 
happened to be his portion. 
Ixrvers of the manly art will long 

Tommy Kilbane. 

recall that bout. Johnny waged a 
careful battle throughout, took no 
I long chances, and figured to win 
the contest on points. Up to the 
twenty-third round there was little 
to choose between the contestants. It 
seemed as if the referee would be 
called upon to draw a hair-line de- 

In the twenty-third round, which 
proved to be Tommy's undoing, he 
slipped in the corner on some water 
unintentionally left there by his . 
onds: He was rather careless in aris- 
ing, dropping his guard quite low, 
and the quick-thinking Johnny 
his opportunity. Quick as a flash he 

sent over several '^ s 

to the jaw and had Tommy In trouble. 
Johnny followed up his advantage 
and tried his best to knock out his 
opponent, but lie lacked the strength, 
and although Tommy was groggy at 
the finish he had no trouble going the 
twenty-five rounds. That one round 
won the big end of the prize monej 
for Johnny. 

The next day with his winnings 
Johnny squared all accounts and put 
money in the bank. 

During the year 1909 Tommy took 
part in many more minor engage- 
ments than Johnny, and realized quite 
a few tidy sums, while Johnny was 
getting little or nothing. For over a 
year there was much clamoring for 
a return match. The boys were final- 
ly signed to meet again, and once 
more Johnny was the winner. The 
day after the New Year's fight John- 
ny added another snug little sum to 
his bank account, which is gradually 
assuming bulkier proportions. 

Johnny is an ambitious youngster 
and he aspires to shine other than 
in the padded arena. To see him ar- 
rayed in street costume one would 
take him for anything but a boxer. 
Always attired in clothes made in the 
latest style, Johnny looks rather 
college student than a prizefighter. 

During the six months of warm 
weather boxing is practically at a 
standstill. It's all going out and 
nothing coming in then, and Johnny 
doesn't like the idea of being idle 
without a salary connected with it. 

It's Johnny's one great desire to 
procure a position during the summer 
months as instructor or in charge Of 
one of the many playgrounds the city 
maintains for the youngsters, and he 
has enlisted the support of ma 
friends In an endeavor to obtain such 
an appointment. 

In connection with the recent carni- 
val at Canion was disclosed the light 
in which the average boxer regards 
the game of football. 

One former football player of prom- 
inence who attended the bout was 
enthusiastic over Johnny's alertness 
and ability to think quickly. Meeting 
him at the station he congratulated 
the unassuming victor and remarked: 

"Too bad you never went to college. 
Johnny, you would have made a 
swell quarterback." 

"What, me play football? Nothing 
doing," answered Johnny in a jiffy. 

That game is too rough for me. I 
don't mind boxing with five-ounce 
gloves and being pitted against one 
man who is the same weight as I, but 
I do object going against eleven 
huskies, some of them heavyweights, 
and instead of being able to protect 
myself, to have my hands full* trying 
10 keep from fumbling the football. 
None of that for me." 

"You don't mean to tell me you 
would rather box twenty-five rounds 
than play a game of football?" was 
the question of the much-surprised 
former college football star. 

"Yes, I would rather box a half 
dozen twenty-five-round bouts than 
play one-half of a football game," 
answered Johnny. "I certainly like 
to watch the game, but I much, pre- 
fer someone else to do the playing." 

That's the opinion of the trained 

:. He has a wholesome fear of 

football, yet thinks nothing of donning 

1 ing a I Ills 

weigh! to decide supremacy. Vet 

much relished b ty. 

while an exhibition of boxi 'iti 

ally frowned upi 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mats., aa 
Second Class Mail Matter) 




824 Washington Sthbbt, Boston, Mass. 
TrIDAY, JANUARY 14^1910 

For the Blind Mnn 

To the Editor of the Transcript: 

Additional contributions toward the 
"broom-corn fund" for the blind man have 
been most gratefully received: 

Anon $1.00 

A. C. W 1.00 

Mrs. Sweets 1.00 

Mhs. Thomas Aspinwali,. 
Jan. 12. 14 Hawthorne road, Brookline. 


'After Three Months Blind 
Girl Sees Again. 

A Mysterious Malady Leaves 
Her as It Came. 

Despair of the Physicians 
While It Lasted. 

There was great rejoicing yesterday 
in the home of r *-. George H. Ferguson,, 
No. 1376 West Thirty-sixth street, when 
his flfteen-year-old daughter, Ruth, 
suddenly recovered her sight, alter a 
period of three months of total blind- 

The child's malady, according to the 
many physicians and surgeons whose 
efforts to restore the sight were futile, 
was most mysterious and baffling. 

The case had been prognosticated as 
practically incurable, although some of 
the physicians said there wa« a possible 
chance that she might recover in from 
three to ten years. 

But yesterday was the day of days 
for Ruth. It was a more than' happy 
surprise for her and her family, as 
well as the doctors, when Ruth saw 
the light again. 

The news soon spread among her 
many friends and schoolmates, anC_ 
the Ferguson home was besieged by 
callers all day long, where Ruth re- 
ceived hearty congratulations from all. 

It was.a second Christmas for Ruth, 
for now* she could see the numerous 
presents which nearly filled her little 
bedroom, and sho ■ a. so soon read- 
ing New Year's curds, which had been 
Kent to her. 


Just five minutes past 6 c'clock yes- 
terday morning Ruth was awakened 
from her sleep By sharp pains above 
her eyes. She twisted and turned in 
her bed, and for the first time in three 
months, beheld brightness where all 
had been blackness. At first sho 
thought it was a dream, and scarcely 
knew whether she was awaki or asleep. 
The light began to ~row brighter and 
brighter f i*pm nn electric light burning 
in another room and. jumping trp in 
her bed, she cried: "Ma:m. una! 

I can sec! I can s 

Mrs. Ferguson hearing her child's 
screams, rushed into 

threw her arms around her mother's 
neck, repeating the same cry Mrs. 
Ferguson almost fajntf-d, and before 
she recovered her sp<- 
son appeared on t 
the parents were inclined not to be 
hta tiie girl could 
she soon con\ inc. <i the. 

\'r<-. Ferguson said 
the chile* showed I 
with s as 


It left h 

r. u I 
s< hoi 

every tr'ea :. me nt kn in e d ical 

profess it without suc- 

path d all 

their skill. Alt! 

'Jjaa:nos<,K- tluv artmlttad rhyr if 


Ruth Ferguson, 

who suddenly recovered her sight yes- 
terday morning, after three months 
tolal blindness. 

a -' h cms and practically a hope* 

le.^ case. 

The stricken girl had learned to 
erate the blind automatic writing ma- 
chine, and kept corresponding With her 
friends. During the whole time of her 
affliction she always maintained a 
cheerful disposition, . playing the piano, 
singing, and never complaining. 

Last September Ruth was one of the 
prize winners in The Times Scholarship 
Contest. She will give a party, when 
the doctors permit, to all her friends 
who were devoted to her during her 
suffering. ' 

iitstwt Mxmstdvt 

324 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston. Mass., as 
Second Class Mail Matter) 


_ "A characteristic common to most pres- 
ents eiven to the blind is perfumery." said 
an asylum worker. "They fairly reek with 
it The inmates of the home I visit received 
holiday presents by the wholesale. They 
were of every description and came from 
diverse quarters. Some had been made by 
the elvers, some had been bought, but all 
smelted" of the sachet bag. People who 
would shrink from a scent bag attached to 
a present for anybody else literally pour 
perfume on gifts to the sightless. Their 
intention is most kindly, too. Somehow 
they fancy that what the eye lacks the nose 
must make up for, and on goes the per- 
fume." [New York Sun. 

Z /?*> 




Blind 25 Years, Youth's 

Sight Is Restored by a . 
Mju Philanthropist's Helf 


Brothel and Sister, Whose Sight Was Miijacu 
the University of Michigan 


ously Restored by Surgeons at 
homeopathic Hospital. 

ANN ARBOR, Mich., Jan. 17.— Spe- 
cial.— "I want, to see a horse and an 
elephant, and a picture of ex-President 
Roosevelt, but I don't think I ever 
will. You see, after Lottie came here 
and was made to see, I thought that 
I. too. might gain my sight, but I 
don't believe I will. Some way I was 
never luckv all through my life. 

"How old am I? Twenty-five years. 
Of course, I'm hoping that the opera- 
tion will be a success, but— I never 
was lucky." 

The speaker was Herbert Sheldon of 
Mt. Pleasant. He was waiting in the 
Homeopathic hospital to be taken 
into the operating room for an opera- 
tion on his sightless eyes. Herbert 
and his sister Lottie, aged 23, were 
born blind and poor. All their lives 
they hoped that some miracle would 
come to them that would enable them 
to see. While the girl hoped, she 
worked— rather she slaved in her blind, 
groping way and saved the pennies 
that accrued to her. 

The girl saved enough to bring her 
to the hospital here, and her eyes were 
treated by the skilled specialists of the 
university staff and she was made to 
see. When she looked upon the blue 
sky. the trees and the beauties of na- 
ture, her joy knew no bounds, and she 
began then and there to save with re- 

newed energy that her brother, too, 
might see these things. 

But through the meai-urn of the press 
In r stor v reached the eyes of a man at 
Mr. Clemens who was possessed of a 
philanthropic bent and the moh<?y to 
i indulge it. He wrote to Dr. Atchin&on, 
1 superintendent of the hospital, thai. 
j he would personally stand the expenses 
I of an operation to save the brother's 
sight, urging all haste in its culmina- 
i As a result Herbert Sheldon found 
I himself in the hospital here last week, 
ready for the miraculous operation. He 
I was not gifted with the eternal hope 
of his sister, but he hoped against 
hope that he would gain his sight. 
Then came the day of the operation. 
There was a hemorrhage, and the eye 
refused to clear up. For a time it 
I look as if the operation was to be a 
I failure. 

"I did want to see a horse so badly, 
' but I knew I never would," said the 
| patient as he turned his bandaged 
I head awav from the nurse. "No. I 
I ain't disappointed, I knew I never 
I -would see." 

But the untiring skill of the sur- 

i seons >md the care of the nurses got 

in their work and the eye began to 

clear up. Today young Sheldon can 


When the banadge was removed, the 
young man was taken to a window to 
gaze upon the horse he has for a 
auarter of a century longed to see. 

"I almost knew I'd never see a 
horse," aaid he, "but I did see one! 
Say. you don't know how queer it 
made me feel. Now I want to see an 
elephant— and after I see the elephant 
and Theodore Roosevelt, I shall think 
mv life Is full. 

"Work— why I will work day and 
night now. Now I can do a man's 
work in the world. They will operate 
on the other eye soon, but even if that 
does not come out weH, I can see. Just 
think, I can see! You don't appreciate 
what that means, for vou haven't sat 
in the dark for 25 years as I did. How 
did I ever stand it? Perhaps because 
I did not know the joy of seeing." 


oinday Evening Times Re- 

•eipts, January 30, to Aid 

district Home. 



lost Deserving Philanthropy 
Stands in Need of Co-operation 
by Citizens of Washington. 

Sunday, January 30, the proceeds of 
the sales of The Washington Times will 
be given to the Home for the Blind. 

This institution, located at 915 E 
street northwest, is one which should 
fill the heart of every citizen of the 
District with pride and interest. It was 
established more than ten years ago by 
the Aid A BoooUti w ) Put IBM - B Uftd of the 
District of Columbia, and throughout 
this time has been under the wise and 
kindfy management of Mrs. E. C. Git- 
tings, who has given her services un- 
remittingly and without remuneration. 

The character and objects 06 the 
Honje for the Blind must appeal to 
every man and woman. The institu- 
tion is maintained to aid the needy 
blind to be self-supporting, and to pro- 
mote their education and industrial 
training. These people do not ask for 
charity. On the contrary, they would 
probably resent the word. Workshops 
for the men are maintained, and the 
women also do much toward their own 

. Must Have Aid. 

The Home, however, must have aid. 
Its officers, board of directors, patrons, 
and friends work zealously in its be- 
half, but the struggle for existence is 

The Washington Times, inasmuch as 
the Home is a public cause as well as 
one which makes its appeal to the in- 
dividual, is desirous of helping the 
work. It, therefore, asks you to re- 
member that one cent paid for a Sun- 
day Evening Times of January 30, means 
your contribution to the wdrk being 
done by the Afd Association for the 

On Sunday, January 30, there will be 
scores of extra newsboys on the streets, 
crying their papers in behalf of these 
gentle unfortunates who, with sightless 
eyes, but deft hands, do each day 
what they can toward their own sup-' 
port, yet find themselves unable to be 
totally self-maintaining. 

The support of the institution is a 
duty which is more binding than any 
law could be. It is the especial hope 
of the management to this year raise 
funds sufficient to enable an increase 
in the facilities of the home, and also 
to enable its friendly doors to open to 
more of the blind who are unable to 
provide for themselves. 

It should need no especitl effort to 
make The Times sale for tWs purpose 
eclipse even the record-breaking sales 
for the benefit of other worthy causes. 

Home Non-Sectarian. 
The home is nonsectarian, and has no 
alor creed. As the affliction of blind- 
iess is visited upon believer and un- 
Deliever alike, upon white and black, so 
all those whose eyes are sightless find 
a dwelling place here. 

Among the officers and board of di- 
rectors, of the home who will co-operate 


in making the Times sale for the benefit 
of the blind Sunday, January 30, a 
i brilliant success, are honorary presi- 
dents. Mrs. John Russell Young, Mrs. 
Albert G. Brackett; president, Airs. 
Charlotte Emerson Main; vice presi- 
dents, Mrs. H. C. Metzerott, Mrs. Julia 
E. Pond, Mrs, Charles M. Pepper, Mrs. 
T. K. Noble. Other officers are: Mrs. 
Josephine L. Jacobs, Mrs. Horace 
Springer, Mrs. Lizzie W. Calver, Maj. 
Richard Sylvester, Percival Brown, Dr. 
Prentiss Wilson, Dr. Russell Main, Mrs. 

E. C. Gittings. Isaac Gans, one of the 
board of members who is tireless in his 
work for the public good, has been put 
in charge of the arrangements. 

The board of directors consist of Mrs. 
Charlotte Emerson Main, Mrs. Henri- 
etta C. Metzerott, Mrs, Julia E. Pond, 
Mrs. Charles M. Pepper. Mrs, George 
H. Brown, Mrs. Lizzie W. Calver, Maj. 
Richard Sylvester, Mrs. Josephine L. 
Jacobs. Mrs. Horace Springer, Mrs. 
William King, Mrs. Joseph R. Rose, 
Mrs. Julia M. Layton, Miss Hattie P. 
Wood, Mrs. Redwood Vandergrift, Mrs. 
J. W. Campbell. Hon. James T. DuBols, 
Mrs. T. K. Noble, Mrs. Eliabeth Wal- 
brid'ge, Miss Henrietta Metzerott, Dr. 
Henry N. Couden, Mrs. Henry N. Cou- 
den. Mi's. Vinnie Ream Hoxie, Mrs. 
Newton Ferree, Mrs. F. A. Dille, Mrs. 
Oscar Coumbe, Mrs. Henry Armes, 
George Baber, Mrs. Tully Vaughan, 
Mrs. James E. Gilbert, Mrs. Anna M. 
Kingan, Capt. A. F. B. Portman, Mrs. 

F. A. Hickling, Isaac Gans, Mrs. C. M. 
Bell, Mrs. Thomas J. Dobbyns. 

tostwt MrmsaxtA 

Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., as 
Second Class Mail Matter) 


For the Blind Man 

To the Editor of the Transcript: 

A further contribution of $5 from "K. C. 
P." is acknowledged most gratefully. The 
broom corn has been bought and is on its 
way to its destination, where it will do un- 
told good. The poor man writes in the best 
of spirits and that he thinks "Boston people 
have the kindest hearts in the world," and 
that he would "like to send a broom to 
vone who has helped" him! 

Mrs. Thomas Aspinwall, 
14 Hawthorn Road, Brookline. 
Jan. 17. 






Pupils, Who Have Their Eye 

Sight, Are Giving Series 

of Musicales. 


enough to discover the slightest mistake, j 
A majority of sightless musicians are 
btrtter educated both theoretically and 
practically than a good many sighted 
teachers, as it takes a good deal more 
I«r a sightless man to gain confidence 
tifcac it does for a sighted one." 

Interesting to musical circles Is the 
series of musicales being given by the 
young blind pianist, Charles J. Beetz, at 
his studTU. -1U. Mi Jefferson street. The 
meeent musicale at Palm Garden given 
bjf Mr. Beetz was very enlightening as 
to how a sightless teactfier can handle 
Bcfeolars who have sight. It attracted a 
rKlnxber of prominent musicians from all 
pBf.ta of the borough. Mr. Beetz, who 
sswlWeaty-ibur year* old, has been blind 
since, when he was eight years old, a 
p&*ymate threw lime In his eyes while 
playing. The system of music used by 
the siffhtJess is the foundation that 
makes teaching possible with a sig'ht- 
ness musician. While Mr. Beetz is de- 
pendent on his system, his scholars use 
(be •regular system of musical notation 
■aged by all sighted musicians, and while 
the pupil Is reading or playing from 
h!t.cop£_MY. Beetz follows his copy by 
~" •"* - — "■" •>- u sensitive 








at ii fob en 

Purchase of Sunday Even! 

ing Times, January 30, 

Will Enlarge It. 


In the midst of Washing-ton's businesi 
district there dwells a little C 

m iiiimi -tin iirr^m 

tnemselves with much the same indus- 
tries which employ their more fortunate 
brothers and sisters 

In the shop, which is an old stable 
remodeled, the men are occupied in 
chair caning, broom and mattress mak- 
ing, which brings them in each month 
a small sum that helps toward their 
maintenance. The women, in their 
rooms, do crocheting, bead work, and 
make belts. 

The Home for the Blind, located at 
915 E street, northwest, consists of 1 a 
four-story building, formerly a private 
residence. The front room on the first 
floor, is rented out as a store, the re-i 
nder of the building being used by.! 
inmates of the institution. In the' 
rear is a stable, which has been re-: 
modeled for a workshop. 

This home, established for the main-, 
tenance of the needy and dependent; 
blind, and lor their promotion and in- 
dustrial training, is doing a magnificent 

work for these afflicted men and wom- 
en. It is non-sectarian in character, and 
an institution which deserves the sup- 
port of the entire community. 

On Sunday, January 30, The Wash- 
ington Times will contribute the pro- 
ceeds of that day's sales to the home. 
A small army of extra newsboys will 
be on the streets of every district of 
the city, crying The Times for sale, 
and every man and woman whd pur- 
chases a paper contributes his or her 
mite to the cause of the blind. 

If the home is to continue its noble 
work, and if the men are to supply the 
orders which they are receiving for 
the work that enables them to be in 
part self-sustaining, there must be in- 
creased facilities and equipment in both 
home and shop. The need of funds is 
urgent in the extreme, and you are 
asked to contribute on Sunday, January 
30, by buying The Times of that day. 


SATURDAY, J. ElY 29, 3 


All Who BuJ Copies of Sun- 
day\Edit W» of The Times 

i ***■ iV' 


Every man or woman who pays his 
penny for the Sunday evening edition 
of The Times will be making a contri- 


bution to the Home for the Blind. 

Tomorrow a committee appointed from 
the officers and board of directors of 
that institution will co-operate with the 
management of this paper to make the 
sale of tomorrow a record-breaking one, 
and in every precinct of the city, there 
will be, in addition to the regular army 
of Times newsboys, a number of volun- 
teer boys who will cry the paper for 

Upon the maintenance of the Home 
for the Blind, .which is located at 915 B 
street northwest, depend the welfare 
• and happiness of a little odlony of men 
and women who live and work there, 
and who would otherwise, be cast upon 
the mercy of the world. These men and 
women ask no charity, and at the home 
they follow faithfully day by day the 
only simple occupations open to those 
who are deprived of the sense of sight. 

Work Done By Blind. 

In the shop the men fill orders given 
by business houses and by friends of 
the institution for brooms or for mat- 
tresses, at the making of both of which 
these blind are expert. Chair caning 
Is also beautifully done there at rea- 
sonable prices. 

3» their rooms, the women who are 
Jftmates of the home do plain sewing, 
beading, and make belts or baskets, 
working day after day with a patience 
and efficiency which characterizes these 
gentle unfortunates. 

The money received for this work goes 
toward the maintenance of the men and 
women who do it. But the shop, which 
is an old stable remodeled, urgently 
needs a better and fuller equipment. 
Also lnoreased facilities are needed in 
ithe home. 

Struggle For Existence. 
Toward the securing of such equip- 
ment and facilities, the Aid Association 
for the Blind of the District, the of- 
ficers and directors of the home, and 
also a number of charity organizations 

the ™ n»~£? t th6y C0Uld - Even wiUl 
howev^i"^^ 1 ^.. OI ' ***» agencies, 

tW£ h t-J^ aint ^?, nce cf ^e home is not 
tions ^^ nsln ^ 1Uy of a ««w organiza- 

haDt.w^ un,ty - ■ The ,nan or woman in 
nappier circumstances of life owae tne 

i,l,r obl , , - 4rai!on to tiie blind man or 

oV?i that he owes to the helpless 

ana unprotected child, if any citizen 

interested in the welfare of the home 

ciesirea to make a contribution toward 

the Institution, The Times will be glad 

to receive and deliver it If vou do not 

Bend a check for the home, do not fail 

to buy The Times tomorrow and to 

tell your friends the purpose of the sale. 



Btraa mi uuu 


Volunteers Assisting in Sell- 
ing The Times for Their 



Proceeds of Sales of This Paper 

Devoted to Increased 


It is as If the skies were raining pen- 
Car the people who cannot 
^oughout the city, the regular 
Times newsboys, augmented by a large 
number of volunteers, are selling the 
or the benefit of the Home for 
the Blind, which will receive the en- 
proceeds of today's sali 
Word has been passed along that the 
blind men and women of this home do 
not ask for charity, but that they do 
<ed facilities in both the 
shop and the home for carrying- on the 
simple occupations by which they are 
enabled to be, to an extent, self-main- 
taining. Therefore, it is the pleasure 
of citizens to fulfill in a 

one to the home by adding their 
Times sa 
A committee appointed from the board 
cf directors of the home has co-operated 
i The Times management in making 
preparations for a record breaking s 
this committee consisting of [saac Gans, 
Major Richard Sylvei isephine 

Jacobs, Mrs led . 

wood Vandegrift, an 

Thousands of extra papers are being 
sent out to the various Times supply 
ions throughout the city, ;ien 

the harvest of bright pi 

therein be rejoicing at the 
Home for the Blind. 

If , an 7 citi; s to contribute to- 

ward the many needs of the institution, 
something more, thai of r 

'^\r The 1 1 i lmes win - la(U >- receiv 
and deliver his contribution 

rco.;.'*-ri|E*.t. 1 



.O.iby th«Pre?.s Publishing Co.. New York "Worl.-i-> 
cinl Cable Despatch to The World./ 

PARIS, Jan. 29. — Francis Richter, the blind Amer- 
ican pianist whose remarkable performance in read- 
ing music by the Braille system of rotation and abil- 
ity to compose, have been described in these de- 
spatches, gave a concert y #..:c ■. was large- 
ly attended. Richter, who formerly was a pupil of 
the great Los-chetizky of Vienna, and now is con- 
tinuing his studies with Henry Eames, an American 
teacher here, will devote himself to concert work 
at first. But his preference is for composition and 
he may turn to wilting grand opera. 




Here -Soon 

Councils Will Take Up Mu- 
nicipal Industrial Shops 
for Sightless. 


pity Will Control Institution 

to Help Adults Support 


Pittsburg will' have an industrial home 
for the adult blind. An ordinance appro- 
priating $20,000 for it will be introduced 
in Councils tomorrow night by Dr. Paul 
H. Franklin, chairman of the Finance 
Committee. The institution will give em- 
plcjment to the blind and pay them for 
it. Blind beggars are to be removed from 
the streets. They will be allowed to earn 
a living in the home. 

The ordinance will provide the money 
for "an industrial working home for the 
dependent adult blind citizens of Pitts- 
burg." This means that the dependent 
blind of other cities cannot be supported 
at the expense of Pittsburg. The bill 
will be presented at the request of the 
Pittsburg Association of the Adult Blind, 
of which Colonel J. M. Shoonmaker is 
president. The association has been in ex- 
istence a few months. 

The present movement is due largely 
to the visit, several months ago, of 
Charles Campbell of Boston, who deliv- 
ered an address before the Chamber of 
Commerce. Mr. Campbell urged the ne- 
cessity of a municipal shop where blind 
adults could be taught trades and em- 
ployed. The institution will be conducted 
in accordance with his ideas. It will be 
controlled by the Mayor and Director of 
the Department of Charities, E. R. Wal- 
ters, both of whom will formulate rules, i 
The Mayor has expressed his approval of 
the movement, it is said. 


Self-Sustaining Home. 

It is the hope of the association that in 
tune the home will become self-sustaining 
About two years will be required accord- 

'Ti/t,* 1 !. 6 /anion's Plans, for the 
adult blind to become sufficiently skilled 
to make their products salable. Mean- 
,,'! e the Clty Avi11 finance the home 
The association is compiling a list of 
the blind citizens of Pittsburg who might 
be benefited by the home. So far 140 whe 
need assistance have been found. Then 
are 19 blind beggars in the streets; 60 pe 
cent of the blind persons in the city an 
absolutely dependent and 25 per cent ar 
dependent upon their families, all of whoi 
are in poor circumstances. 

the annual estimates for the budi* 
Til"*' rea ^ Councils tomorrow nil 
n.ey are in the hands of the printer^n*" 
cannot be ready tomorrow. Tfi™SomS» 
regradmg and widening and street ™„ P 
mg ordinances will b! ^i^L^^. 

Mr b 


i£3.i r ~ ^VT^ " U1 De received from th* 

5&JPI&*? Sum* 8 «r¥*22 and 
^c-ted on finally. It j a 

the. contract ordinances 

ents will be presented 

waiting for more waiv- 

not probable that tLr c onta^^„^ 

for these lmnrnvom^^ ...:n i_ " il ""i 

will be acted on finally 
ble that the. contract ore 
e improvements will be present 
The Mayor is still waiting for nio re 5*- 
ers from the Northside ffood strSts. 





Thousands Bity Sunday Af- 

ternoo\ edition to Help 

Loaal Home. 




Eager to Assist In Work 
Providing for Handi- 
capped. > 




If all the bright pennies exchanged 
for yesterday's Times were heaped to- 
gether, there would be a pile of them. 

The sale of the Sunday paper was for 
the benefit of the HomefortheBUnd^ 
As soon as the issue was""CTHffle"T!ress^ 
es, hundreds of newsboys, including reg- 
ulars and a number of volunteers, were 
speeding to every part of the city. 
Their shrill cries told the public that 
the paper was being sold for the Home 
for the Blind. On every street cor- 
ner, in every car, as well as from every 
home, there was a generous response 
Papers Sell Quickly. 

The various Times supply stations 
throughout the city had the busiest day 
in their history, and from the time the 
first papers were received until dark 
were steadily "supplying." 

In an incredibly short time, the no 
a, who had gone out from, these sta- 
tions" with big bags of papers, returned 
for more. All the afternoon the sole 
went forward merrily, and everybody 
was asking everybody else If he :.;id 
contributed his pennies to the Heme for 
the Blind. 

The committee appointed from the 
board of directors of the home to co- 
operate with The Times management in 
making the sale a record-breaking suc- 
-, consisted of Isaac Guns, Major 
Richard ster, Mrs. Josephine 

edwood Van.; 
Charles ler, and Mrs. L. 


The officers of the institution aro: 




presidents Mrs- John Russell 
iing Mrs. Albert G. Brackett; p 
dent, Mrs. Charlotte Emerson Main . 
vice presidents, Mrs. H. C. Metzrott. 
Mrs. Julia E. Pond, Mrs Charles M. 
Pepper, and Mrs. T. K. Noble; record- 
ing secretary. Mrs. Josephine Jacobo,; 
corresponding secretary, ^>s. Horace 
Springer; financial secretary, Mrs. Liz- 
zie W. Calver; treasurer, Major Richard 
Svlvester; attorney, Percival Brown; 
-icians, Dr. Prentiss V\ llson, ano. 
Dr. Russell Main, and Matron Mrs. E. 
C. Gtttings. 

Work Hard for Blind. 
These and others have worked he- 
roically to maintain the Home for the 
Blind, at 915 E street northwest. It 
shelters a colony of the blind who live 
and work there. The home furnisher 
work to the inmates, so that they may 
follow the simple occupations open to 
the blind, and may be, as far as pos- 
sible self maintaining. . 

But without appropriation the institu- 
tion cannot exist unless the community 
helps in its Realizing this, 

Times gave the entire proceeds of 
Sundav Sale to the home. From the 
way thousands upon thousands of pa- 
pers sold as .fast as the supply stations 
could send them out, it was evident that 
the public took pleasure in co-operating 
with The Times in its effort to aid the 
cause. TttjSXit 



Atlanta, Ga„ Conatitutloo (2? 2$) 



Aid Association Expresses 

jratitude for Receipts 

? rom Sunday's Sales. 

Grateful appreciation of the contribu- 
tions of the people of the District 
through The "Washington Times to the 
Home for the Blind, Is contained in a 
letter received today from Mrs. Char- 
lotte Emerson Main, president of the 
Aid Association for the Blind. 

While the leUer is i The 

Times, the real contributors to the 
help and comfort of the unfortunates 
compelled to live in perpetual darkness 
arc the people — the readers of The 
Times. Mrs. Main's letter follows: » 
" bJditor of The Washington Ti 

Gentlemen: 1 wish to thank you most 
heartily, on behalf of the board of the 
Aid Association for the Blind, lor your 
ki*tl and courteous act in giving us the 
fieflt of the proceeds from sales of the 
Sunday evening edition of your bright 

it will not be forgotten by any of us, 
end our best wishes will always go 
with you. 

May the satisfaction of having assist- 
ed those who are compelled to live in 
rlarkness, reward you for your generous 

fours very sincerely, 
President Aid Association for the Blind. 



vrnen the blind man told the pitiful 
story about his dog. the tax committee 
of council unanimously agreed to give 
him a reduced license. The commit- 
tee would ha\e given him a free li- 
cense, but he did not want that — he 
did not want to be classed with beg- 
gars and mendicants. 

J. T. Cashion, the blind man, stands 
every day on the Whitehall street Via- 
duct, selling pencils and a few novel- 
ties. He makes a living and is about 
as cheerful and happy as a blind man 
can be. 

But this story is about the dog a&- 
much as about the blind man. 

A year ago Cashion had three well- 
trained dogs that could lead him to 
any part of the city. it will be re- 
membered that one of these dogs bit 
Councilman Martin Amorous on the leg- 
last year. 

Well, somebody either stole or killed 
all three of the dogs one day. The 
blind man was in a quandary. Tt is 
said he actually wept, for he loved the 

As he sat on his porch one afternoon 
mourning the loss of his faithful dogs 
and guides, something moist and warm 
touched his hand. A tramp dog had 
orne to him. He took the dog into 
riis yard and trained him to "lead" in 
wo days. He named the dog "Iiack- 
-r," and a truer friend in the way of a 
lumb brute no man ever had. 

Two days ago "Racker" became ill 
with pneumonia and died. The blind : 
man wept again. 

He was without a guide and had to I 
pay car ;fare and get a boy to lead him i 
to his place of business on the viaduct. \ 
This was so expensive that he felt no ! 
longer able to pay the full license de- ! 
manded by the city. So he appeared 
before the tax committee of council , 
and asked for a reduction of license. 

"I do not want a free license, for I ! 
feel that I am able to pay a little i 
something and I do not come here to 
beg," he stated. 

The committee asked about the dog ' 
"Racker." and the blind man told the 
story in a trembling voice and with, 
tearful eyes. 

"Pucker was just a cur. nothing but 
a poor old tramp dog that didn't have ' 
a home until he came to me. ] was as ! Th» i i ■■„ i /'' X ' V'"' iiOX ' 

Sieved at his death." Cas^n ^Isf t^pe&le ^age'^ £» 

told the committee, "as a father would 
be at the death of a child." 

Tjie blind man was granted a per- 

that led him died. 

mission to continue his business for a 
license of only $io a year. 


------ "T' 

SV24BAY, FEBRUARY 6, l&lfi. 

W T.. CmaBHJ f^ -f 1' 



Fulton's Blind porqner Learns 
the Most Difflcult^lassical 
Selections by Having Them 
Played to Him tiy Another. 
Acute Musical Ear 


Him a Thoroughly Competent 

When nature deprives an individual 

Human senses ft pays 
nipense by making- one of the other 
»es mere intensified or acute. Should 
*ense of sight be taken away, an- 
other is made much more acute, and 
*n tl the individual is repaid In 

ifr sense for the one that has T>een 
taken away. 

This is plainly shown in the case of 
1 Vinl Donelioo, Hilton county's blind 
coroner, who cannot see a wink, but 
can if member persons by their voice, 
read music with his fingers and 
ember music, names and incidents 
The ease with which Coroner Done- 
learns to play the most difficult 
classical and popular musical sen ctions 
is considered most remarkable B"y all 
who .1 him play. He is one 

of the most accomplished and proficient 
musicians in Atlanta, though 'he is blind 
and unable to see the keys of the 
i) or the notes to the music he 
plays. He uses two methods of learning, 
his selections, either of which would 
give oilier experienced musicians great 
trouble, as their senses of touch and 
memory are not as acutely developed. 
To lean; the ordinary popular musii 
the coroner experiences very little dif- 
II e uses either of three metli- 
ii learning to play it. TT there 
are singers convenient he lias ihem to 
sing over the song very slowly, and 
in this way gets the tune. The s'nger 
over the song eight to twelve bars 
m the time, very slowly. After hear- 
ing- the Hist few bars. Coroner Done- 
lioo will try it over on the piano un- 
til he learns it. He uses this method 
until th< entire song has been gone 
over and he is then able to play it as 
If he had been practicing it for weeks. 
In case he. has no singer to slowly 
chant the song for him, he has some- 
one to whistle the tune, and learns it 
in the same manner as if it were sung 
him. lioth are remarkable and 
lake a great exercise of the memory. 

i'm lie most difficult method of 

learning new music employed by the 
coroner is in reading notes by I he sense 
'inch. The music is specially writ' 
for pupils wno are minus tlie sense 
of sight. Different characters stand for 
rent notes, Just as signs are eni- 
n stenography for diffei 
words, and each sign is perforated. 
The music for ihe right hand is first 
in ana then the nol«s for tTie left. 
The key to the piece is first given, then 
the time, thirdly, the sign of which hand 
the notes are for, next the expression 
marks and lastly the notes. After get- 
ting the four leading points the notes for 
the right hand are given. These notes 
are read for some ten bars and then 
practiced. In this slow manner he learns 
the music for the right hand, after which 
the notes for the left hand are learned in 
the same way. Upon learning the notes 
for both hands he practices the entire 
■lion until he learns it thoroughly, 
and this lakes him only a very short 

"T I ever did in the way of 

learning music.' ironer Done 

•was when I learned 34 pages of classical 
le in about eight hours' practice. The 
selection was the. well known 'Variation 
Op. '-'." by Sinding. for two pianos 

took up the music one Saturday after- 
noon and had learned it by I lie following 
afternoon. I then practiced it several 
days and played it in a public concert. 
Considering this was classical music. T 

j consider it my best work.' 

Besides being an excellent pianist, 
Coroner Donehoo has composed the music 
for several popular songs. He also does- 
considerable reviewing for well known 
composers. When composing, the eor- 

j oner studies out the music in his mind 

and then dictates the notes to a helper, 

.iust as a business man would dictate a 

letter to a stenographer. 

"It was while playing an unusually sor- 

i ry piece of music at a moving picture 
show that I first decided to write music . 
said Coroner- Donehoo. while talking of 
the music he had written. "The music 

I in question was unusually bad, both in 
words and music, and I derided to re- 
model it hi its entirety, i succeeded very 
well with this, and 1 decided thai if 1 

j could properly doctor another composer's 
music I could write it myself. I then 
tried it, and succeeded fairly well." 

>t of the coroner's musical work 
consists in reviewing for well known 
composers. The roueb music is sent him 


then played over by another nm 
sician. While it is being- played he no 
lices the defects in the sound and make 
corrections. 1 1 is hearing is considere 
cute and lonvc-t that he can mak 
the proper- corrections to make the musi 
sound the very best. 

' I am In the', political business for 
living, and music .iust because 1 love 
so much I cannot quit." said the blii 
mer in concluding his talk on how I 
leah-nPil to nlay. 



Fine Progranjkne for Blind Actor at 

the New Montank. 

William J. Buttling, the ex-Sheriff, 
would have made a good theatrical imn 
ager for he successfully managed' one of 
the best vaudeville shows ever given in 
Brooklyn, at the Now Mont«»uk Theatre 
last night. It was a testimonial to 
Thomas T. Hayden, the blind actor, who 
is seriously ill, awl a house crowded from 
bottom to top witnessed a programme ot 
some, fifteen numbers, which brought the 
finale somewhere near midnight. Osten- 
sibly the show was under the auspices of 
the local Lodge of Elks, but Mr. Buttling 
was the dominating spirit and kept things 
moving smoothly. Incidentally, Dr. 
Philip Brennan, the lawyer-medico, made 
a neat address, thanking everybody in 
behalf of Mr. Hayden. 

The programme was made np of the 
following numbers: Harry Breen. the 
clever parodist in. rapid-fire "songs: Conlin 
and Carr, college boys, in songs; Murray, 
Nugent and Pruden, three young men 
with excellent voices, who sang popular 
songs until they were almost exhausted. 
a trio that will make a big feature in 
vaudeville and who are proteges of Frank 
Fogerty, the Dublin minstrel; Miss Jean- 
nette Klein, a pretty girl with a sweet 
soprano voice and good stage presence: 
Johnnie Carroll, in song and story; Ham- 
ilton and Howlett, musical artists: Will- 
iam Ga"h ill. the man from Ireland, who 
scored -a hit with his original Irish songs 
and witticisms: Miss Genevieve Fanning, 
a pleasing- little woman, who rendered 
several soprano solos, accompanied by Mr. 
Dcwttiug; William J. Nixon,- tha Ameri- 
ca, c wizard, in a .series-, of mystifying 
tricks, including the vanishing cabinet 
act; the Olio Musical Entertainers, in- 
slrumentalists; AVilliams and Van Al- 
styne. singers; Vogt and Hoye, come- 
dians, who kept the house iu a roar with 
their farcical act, a la Ward and Vokes, 
"Old Horse" Hoye, and other noted 
farceurs. Motion pictures opened and 
closed the show, and Professor William 
E. Slafer, who has just completed a suc- 
cessful road tour with his well-known 
Marine Band, directed the orchestra. 

Committee representing Brooklyn Lodge 
No. 22. B. P. O. Elks: Albert, T. Brophy. 
chairman; William .7. Buttling. Edward 
J. Kane. .lames H. Hope, Joseph B. 
Witman, Fred H. Schumm. George F. 
Driscoll, William H. Hamilton. Thomas 
J. Moore, Frederick Partheymuller, Fred- 
erick D. Bandell, Edward S. McGrath, 
E. W. Brinkraau. Samuel A. McCann, 
Thomas M. Crowley. Joseph H. Becker. 

Executive staff: Edward Trail, man- 
ager; A. F. W. Collins, treasurer: Will- 
! iam E. Slafer. musical director; Joseph 
1 Linder. accompanist: John F. Lane, press 
j agent- Lowell Mason, doorkeeper; An 
thonvE. Wills, stage manager; J. Vet: 
Wav'rick. stage carpenter; Frank 
Strange, master of properties; Wilhai 
Curren, chief electrician; Percy O. Sti 
phenson. advertising agent; L. H. Erich 
gjiief usher. 


TIM®S ! M) 


I -Mr. and Mrs. Ludiyig Nissen's ^«_ 

aA < S IUf '< 1 ;im * was n *< ! last nhrh. 
at a dance.ylven at the residence of M> 
and Mrs. iXdwig Xissen. 810 S Ma-'k's 
avenue, for the benefit of the Industrial 
Home for the gUn* on Gates a 

The dance was 

the. gymnasium 

on the fn,,,.fi, « SJ'iHiasium 

on he fourth floor, which v , rateJ 

with flags and flowers. Music was fur 

n«bea by Muner's Orchestra and /„"£ 

of YhP T and Wesley Din ^ ha << charge 
of the dance, and the patrons and patro- 

Herri, Mr, and Mrs. Walter C Hum- 
stone. Mrs. Theodore Herx, \ C 1 d- 
ford, Albert Stollwerck. William M, 

wirds a ard DingPe and Mrs " J "hn 
wards. Amonr those nresen 



1 \ Miss Maie Spadone, Miss Sherley G 

son, Miss r ouise Nicholes, Miss Violet 
Newberrw Miss Dorothy Ferguson, of 
Philadelphia; Miss Elizabeth Knapp, Miss 
Hazel Messenger. Miss Catherine 
ray. Miss Mildred Irish. Miss M. Main. 
Miss Helen Latson, Miss Anita. Latson, 
Miss Marguerite Bacon, George Anderson. 
Charles Spadone. Donald Campbell. Mar- 
shall Gleason. Henry Ernst. Arthur Gil- 
bert. William Yolrner. Howard Scholes. 
Fritz Scholes, Alva See, Russell Taylor, 
Elmer Bruden. Eugene Main. Henry 
Rojrers, Henry Messenger, J. Campbell., 

Arthur La Freutz and Joseph Murray. 





Event Is Held in Gymnasium of the 

Residence of Mr. and Mrs. 

Ludwig Nissen. 

At. the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Lud- 
wig Nissen, No, 810 St Mark's avenue, a 
private subscription dance was given last 
evening for the benefit ot the Industrial 
Home for the Blind. The arrangements 
were in charge of Miss Estelle McCarrolI 
and Mr. Wesley Dingee, and the dance 
was given under the patronage of Mr. and 
Mrs. Walter C. Humstone, Mr. William 
McCarrolI. Mr. Alfred C. Bedford, Mr. 
Theodore F. Herx, Mr. and Mrs. William 
Berri, Mr. Alonzo B. See, Mr. E. J. Din- 
gee, Mr. Alfred C. Bedford and Mr. Albert 
No. Stollwerck. 

The gymnasium of Mr. Nissen's new resi- 
dence was the scene of the dance, and as 
It was the first one in their new house 
Mr. and Mrs. Nissen opened the first 
dance. There was no cotillon and very 
little outlay for decorations, so that the 
proceeds for the home should be as large 
as possible. Supper was served late in 
the~evening by the hostess. 

Among those who danced were Miss 
Maie Spadone. Miss Shirley Gleason. Miss 
Dorothy Newcomb. Miss Louise Scholes, 
Miss Violet Newberry, Miss Estelle Mc- 
CarrolI, Miss Dorothy Ferguson, of Phila- 
ielphia ; Miss Elizabeth Knapp. of Man- 
lattstti; Miss H4iKei Messenger, Miss Amy 
Main, Miss Mildred Irish. Miss Helen lot- 
ion, Miss Anita Latson. Miss Catherine 
vlurray, Miss Marguerite Bacon, Mr. Wes- 
ey Dingee. Mr. George Anderson, Mr. 
)onald Campbell. Mr. Charles Spadone, 
tfr. William Scarborough. Mr. Marshall 
ileason. Mr. Harry Ernst, Mr. Arthur 
Jilbert, Mr. William Palmer, Mr. Howard 
'choles, Mr. Frederick Scholes, Mr. Uon- 
ild Ogilvie. Mr. Oliver See, Mr. Elmer; 
burden. Mr. Joseph Murray, Mr. Harry 
Rogers. Mr. Harold Messenger, Mr. Jay 
Campbell, Mr. Arthur Dafrentz and Mr- 
Cugene Main. i 

The Publishers' Weekly. 

Feb. 12, 1910 [No. 1985] 

The John Lane Co. announce, as a new 
departure the early publication of several 
books in raised type for the blind. Among 
them are "Alice in Wonderland," and two 
books by Lawrence Gilman, "The Music of 
To-morrow" and "Edward Macdowell." 


Published every day in the year by The Boston Herald 1 
Company. 171 Tremont Street. 


Wew York ; No. 1 Madison Avenue 

Chicago 112 Dearborn Street 

Washington 1422 F Street, N. W. 

Telephone Exchange. 

.3000 Oxford 


Daily (per month 25c), per year $3.00 

Sunday, per year 2.00 

One cent per copy extra for postage in the Boston 
postal district; foreign postage extra. 

Entered as second-class mail matter. 



XEW YORK, Feb. 10— By the will 
of Belclcn R. McAlpine, who died on 
Feb. 1, John Hurley, the blind propri- 
etor of a news-stand at the Seventy- 
second street L. station on Columbus 
avenue, was bequeathed $1000-. Vari- 
ous philanthropic societies will get 
about $50,000 each. H 




Isaac Cans Reports, to Direc- 
tors \l Home of Sum 

The report of Isaac Gans, chairman 
)f the committee on arrangements for 
The Times sale on January 30 for the 
benefit of the Home for the Blind, was 

he fea. t j u.ft n ( i tmt»"im.iinnifi ul e n e uuM ' o" 

>f directors of that institution, held 
his morning at the home, 915 E street, 
ilr. Gans' report showed that through 
he interest of the thousands of read- 
trs of The Times on tlie day of the 
!ale a sum was raised which will en- 
ible the home to obtain some urgently 
teeded equipment and facilities for the 
urtherance of the work and comfort 
f ,the inmates. 

Mr. Gans' report was received with a 
ising vote of thanks to himself and 
'he Times. 

Notwithstanding the great success 
f the directors of the home in rais- 
)g funds, the institution is still ur- 
ently in need of many improvements, 
nd it was decided this morning to 
old a linen shower soon for its benefit. 
The directors present at the meeting 
'ere Mrs. T. K. Noble, president of 
le board ; Isaac Gans, Major Richard 
ylvester, Mrs. A. M. Kingan, Mrs. 
lenrietta Jvletzerott. Mrs. F. A. Hick- 
ng, Mrs. Charles M. Pepper, Dr. R. 

J. .Main, Mrs. Josephine L. Jacobs, 
Irs. Howard Springer, Mrs. J. W 

'ampbell, Mrs. £,. W. Calver, Mrs. 

tedwood Vandegrift, Mrs. Oscar Coum- 

>er, Mrs. Julia M. Layton, and Mrs. 

:. M. Bell. 



Former President of Western Union 
Names Him in Will. 

John Leonard Healy, a blind news- 
dealer, who- to it years has sold papers 
at a stasnd/ Tit Columbus avenue and 
Seventy-second street, was surprised 
yesterday to receive word that he had 
fallen heir to a legacy of $i,ooo, left by 
a former customer, Bowdin McAlpin, 
who died last Thursday of pneumonia 
at his home in the Dakota, i West 
Seventy-second street. 

Mr. McAlpin was ninety-one years 
old when he died. He was at one time 
president of the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company, but retired from active 
business about thirty years ago. For 
twelve years he bought his papers from 
Healy. " 



O. A. Nichols, Augusta, and Gertrude 
Emery, Carmel, Both Blind, To Wed. 

The MfiB? KJtiJpi ' for the Blind at 
Portland fes^|fe«:n existence but a. 
short time out $t |Tis already developed 
a romance, which Thursday reached a 
stage apprpaching a happy culmination 
when Orville A.- Nichols of Portland, 
formerly of Augusta, and Miss Ger- 
trude Elme'ry of Carmel, both totally 
blind, filed ti/eir intentions of marriage 
at the office ot the Portland city clerk. 1 

Mr. Nichols went to Portland from 
Augusta, where his widowed mother is 
living, and has been giving instruc- 
tions at the Institute for the Blind. His 
age is 31 years. 

"While at work in the institute he met 
his bride to be who came to the city 
from Carmel and the scciuaintanco 
thus formed soon ripened into love. 

Miss Ornery is also 31 years old and 
neither of her parents are living. 

Mr. Nichols has recently opened 
little grocery store on Myrtle stre 
and it is^ understood that his bride to 
be will look after the store while he 
will continue his work in the institute. 

Some of the friends of Miss Emery 
have endeavored to dissuade her from 
marrying the man of her choice be- 
cause he is blind, but as she and Mr." 
Nichols are both self-supporting and 
care for each other, she says she canl 
see no reason why they should not be- ; 
come man and wife. 



James H. Murphy of North Easton 
Keeps a Store ajd Sings in a 

Choir and K n o ws t h e Streets" of 
His Town Perfectly. 

One of the interesting citizens of North 
Easton is James H. Murphy. Gentle, so- 
ciable and entertaining, his physical af- 
fliction, which is that of blindness, ap- 
peals to the tenderest sympathies. 

James as a boy of 6 years of age saw 
the boys In blue as they returned from 
the civil war; he saw the village of 
North Easton as it looked in 1866, and 
then beautiful earth disappeared 

from his view, faded as daytime fades 
Into night. 

(Jut nothing that he ever saw on earth 
has faded 'rem his mentai vision. So 


St. Louie. Ho.. Glo 

Blind Vocalist. of North Eastou. 

jompletely is North Easton photo- 
graphed on the tablets of his mind that 
you forget while conversing with him 
that he is blind. 

It was but recently that he directed 
a man to a house in the town pointing 
it out as follows: "It is the first, 
house over the track on the right and 
the family you want to see live in the 
west part of it." His knowledge of 
the streets, residences, shovel works, 
churches, and leading men, past and 
living," is simply marvelous. He has 
the names of the streets, the style 
and color of the residences and 
churches, and when built. It would 
seem that whatever is told within the 
compass of his hearing becomes firm- 
ly engraved on his mind. 

He was stricken with blindness when 
7 years old, and he had no knowledge 
of music at that time, and yet today 
he is a member of the choir of the 
church of the Immaculate Conception, 
its tenor soloist, and a soloist of note 
at the social gatherings of his friends. 

How does he learn the music? Well, 
the organist of the church has only to 
play a new piece once or twice to 
enable him to learn it, and he catches 
the words In a similar way. The popu- 
lar songs he sings abide with him al- 

• Murphy keeps a little store 
through which his friends contribute 
tot his support. His. business is not 
lange, but it is managed with perfect 
honVsty, which fact renders it one of 
the permanent institutions of the town. 



Orphan Asylums and Altenheim 
Blind Girls' Home Get Legacies. 

, Ste»»*lW , o'* J. G. Zimmerer, real estate 
dealer, was filed for probate yesterday. 
He leaves in trust with his son, George 
L, Zimmerer, $14,000 for the latter's chil- 
dren. George L>., Jr., and Emil C, to be 
equally divided among them when they 
reach "the age of 25 years; to a grand- 
daughter, Estelle Caroline Julian Zim- 
merer he leaves the house at 36i2 Ar- 
senal street; to Mrs. Caroline M. Kuhn, a 
granddaughter,- a residence at 3660 Ar- 
senal street, and to his daughter Mrs 
Caroline Gottschalk, a residence at 3654 
Arsenal street and $25,000. The houses 
are to be held in trust by George L. Zim- 
merer for ten years before they can be 
sold The two granddaughters are to re- 
ceive $7,000 each. To the two German 
Protestant orphan homes of St. Louis he 
leaves $»«> each, and to the Altenheim 
Blind Girls' Home $200. The residue of 
personal property is bequeathed to Geo. 
* zimmerer, the son. 


TTKE^^AY, FEBRUARY 15* 191& 
25 BliiKJ^Seek Pensions. 

jjpef 25 persons for pem- 
Tder the blind pension act 'will 
heard at 2:30 this afternoon by the 
jlind relief commission, which Will 
leet in the county commissioners' of- 
ice. The presence of applicants Is 
necessary in order that their claims 
may be acted upon. 



Thu rsday, D 


Nuptials of Blind Couple Took 

2 ace Yesterday. 

- I— 


Will Continue to Carry on 
Grocery Business Here. 

Orville A. Nichols and Miss Ger- 
trude Emery, the blind couple whose 
intentions of marriage were filed with 
the city clerk last Thursday, and to 
whose union there was said to be some 
opposition on the part of some of the 
directors of the Maine Institution for 
the Blind, were married yesterday 
afternoon, having procured the neces- 
sary license on Tuesday. 

The marriage ceremony was per- 
formed by Rev. William H. Gould at 
his residence, 70 Morning street. It is 
said that before they went to Mr. 
Gould they applied to another clergy- 
man of the city, presenting their li- 
cense and asking him to marry them; 
and that he told them that he would 
first consult with the officers of his 
church. After spending some time in 
telephoning, he told Mr. Nichols and 
Miss Emery that he did not wish to 
take the responsibility of uniting them 
in marriage without further time for 
the consideration of the matter. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nichols will, for the 
present, reside at No. 89 Myrtle street. 
and continue to carry on their grocery 
business at No. 83 Oxford street. 


FEBHUAR Y 17, 1910 


Hanford A. "Warner Travelled the 
World Over to Exhibit These Strange 

Hanford A. Warner, for more than fifty 
years manager of the two original "Wild 
Men of Borneo," with whom he travelled 
all over the world, is dead at his home in 
YV altham, at the age of eighty-two years. 
He visited every State in the Union as 
well as several foreign countries with hia 
so-called wild men. 

Mr. Warner was born at New Mllford, 
Conn., and moved to Cambridge when 
twenty-eight years old. When he was nine 
years old he was thrown from a buggy and 
his optical nerves were Injured. From 
twelve years of age he was unable to read 
because of his eyesight and was blind for 
fifteen years previous to hia death. 

In 1859 he married Mary B. Goddard, and 
in 1867 moved to Weston and went to Wal- 
tham In 1889, where he had since resided. 
He Is survived by a widow, two sons, Er- 
nest H. Warner and Henry H. Warner. 
He was a member of Amicable Lodge, A. 
F. & A. M. of Cambridge. 

The "Wild Men of Borneo," who attract- 
ed wbrld-wide attention, were named Waino 
and Pautano. The former died about five 
years ago and the surviving brother, now 
nearly ninety years old, lived with Mr. and 
Mrs. Warner. The wild men were about 
four feet in height, had long beards and 
were noted for their strength. They wert 
never able to talk intelligently. They were 
the wonder of large audiences, wherever 
they were exhibited. The men were cap- 
tured In the Dutch East Indies forty years 
ago. They ceased travelling several years 

. .i'.i, 


FltfftAY, FEBRUARY i*. IM. 

Babylhrown from Auto, 
Blind, I&ceives a Name 

Infant of Lyndhurst (N. J.) Mystery 
Christened Arthur Valentine Lynd- 
hurst at Bay Ridge Asylum. 

A baby boy, about a year old, was re- 
ceived in the Btoid Baby 'a Home, at Bay 
Ridge, yesterdayT" l "9 ; fter having lived 
through most remarkable experi- 


It was the baby boy — unnamed' until | 
yesterday — who last April was flung out' 
of a fast-moving automobile, in Lynd- 
hurst, N. J., by a party of men and; 
women, who then fled and never again' 
were soon thereabouts. 

The barking of a dog attracted the at- 
tention of Christian Dean, a farmer, to a 
half-smashed pasteboard box which was 
on top of one of his kennels. In this, 
with the ribbons of his cap tied tightly 
ibout his neck, was the baby, then only 
i few days old. 

Dean turned the child over to the local 
3harity authorities, and they gave It, for 
the time being, to Mrs. Anna Fischer. 
The boy thrived for awhile, but several 
months ago it had a severe spell of ill- 
ness and became blind. 

Overseer Joseph Bratt. who had official 
charge of the baby, could find no pro- 
vision In New Jersey for a blind baby, so 
he communicated with Mrs. Cynthia 
Westover Alden, of this city, head of the 
International Sunshine Society. 

Mrs. Alden received the blind baby 
and took him to the Home. So impressed 
were several passengers on the oars that 
they made generous donations toward his 

For purposes, of registration The baby 
had to have a name, so Mrs. Alden 
christened him Arthur Valentine Lynd- 
hurst — Arthur, because he will eventually 
be sent, to the Soclety"s 'Arthur Home, ' 
Valentine because it is believed, he Was 
about a year old. on St. Valentine's Day, 
and Lyndhurst after the town where he 
was found. 


The' Great-Blind. =»«■»—* 
The great sightless of the world] 
prove that blindness is no insur- j 
mountable handicap to success in life. 
Blind HorneV weaving legends of 
heroes and V^fls: Milton, creating 
epics of jjeavf and hell, have been 
followed in this more practical age by 
that unique woman-figure, Helen Kel- 
ler; that great ship designer, John 
Herreshoff;' the great economist, 
Henry Fawcett, of England ; the orator 
Senator Gore, of Oklahoma; Louis 
Braille, who gave the sightless the in- 
estimable blessing of reading, and 
Joseph Pulitzer, the great blind jour- 
nalist. Others there be, hardly less 
notable than these, who by courage 
and patience have made themselves 
useful citizens, adding to the world's 
happiness and triumphing over their 
blindness, which, of all afflictions, j 
seems most stultifying. 

It is a curious fact that the ratio of 
really gifted blind people is out of all 
proportion to their total number when 
one compares them with those who 
have full 'power to see. Nature, as if 
pentant at the affliction it has im- 
posed upon these people, seems to en- 
deavor to make partial amends by 
sharpening the other faculties to an 
almost uncanny degree in some in- 


stances We need only to stuov 
bnefly the lives of the great quartet 
to perceive this.-VanNorden's Mag- 
azine, jr* 


FEBRUARY 25, 1910 

$25,000 to Help the Blind 

Liberal Endowment from the Estate 
of Miss PJieebe Anna Thome 

The department for the blind in the 
American Museum of Natural History has 
just been endowed with $25,000 from the 
residuary estate of Mies Phoebe Anna 
Thorne, daughter of Jonathan Thorne, who 
was one of the original patrons of the in- 
stitution. Miss Thome's original bequest , 
to the Museum of $10,000 was coupled with 
the expression of the wish that the trustees 
might, in use of the bequest, in some way 
mark the memory of her father. 

The museum for the blind was opened in 
a small way about one year ago, like the 
children's museum, and has lacked suffi- 
cient funds to make it thoroughly effective. 
Professor Henry Fairfield Osborn, president 
of the board of trustees, said last night that 
In looking about for a use for the $10,000 
that might be in accordance with the 
wishes of Miss Thorne, the trustees wrote 
to her brother, Samuel Thorne, asking if it 
would be agreeable for the income to be 
used for the support of the museum for the 
blind. Mr. Thome's answer was warmly 
commendatory, and with it he enclosed 
$15,000 to make a permanent endowment of 

K. Y. f&BVXk ffttff) 



CUM GETS $#5,000. 

Estate of Mh$ Thorne Pro- 
vides Unusual EiidoiVmcnt. 

The department? for the blind iu the 
American Museum' of Natural History 
has just been endowed with $25,000 
from the residuary estate of Miss Phoebe 
Anna, Thorne, daughter of Jonathan 
Thorne, who was one of Lhe original 
patrons of. the institution. 

Miss Thome's original bequest to the 
museum of $,10,000 wa | led n4*taritee 

expression of tho wish that the trustees 
might, in use of the bequest, in some 
way mark the memory of her father. 

The museum for the blind was opened 
in a small about one year ago. like 
the children'? museum, and baa lacked 
sufficient fund; to make it ihoroug 
effective. Pro! i r ti <- 1 ,i 

bor board of t rustees, 

snid- la il thai in looking about for 

it might he in 

aCc .Hi H"- Ml-; 

Thorne. Lh to her broth- 

er, Samuel Tli' king if it would be 

agreeable tor the to be used for 

th< the museum for the blind. 

Mi*. Th answer was warmly cotrt- 

mendal md with it he inclosed 

$15 make a permanent endow- 

ment of ? Mr. Thorne paid fur- 

ther that his sister had been particularly 
interested in work anions the blind 
parti:.- one (St her friends was 
thus afflicted. 

"It is found practicable through models 
and through the actual handling of 
duplical cimens," said Professor 

Osborn. "in all brane' 1 1 his- 

lOH to cm 

every subject difipl the exhibits 

to tho blind. Through means ofr 
1his most welcome endowment imrnedi- 
aio steps will be taken to get in touch 
With teach the blind throughout, 

the city, to receive their suggestions and 
criticisms, to provide special labels for 
th< ens, and to reach larger nu 

bera of pupils both iu. the museum and 
in other schools for the blind through 
the system of travelling museums, whieh 
during la.«t year have reached 800,000 
school children." 

OR. ) jk i 

mmt-Ax /h 


Wllhelm Heinrich to <#ffW£rt lhe 
Franklin Street Church. / 

Wilhelm Heinrich, the blind tenor, is 
to sing in the Franklin street church 
vesper service on Sunday. His selections 
will be "The Better Land," poem by Mrs. 
Hem ana, Cowan; "Jesus Only," poem by 
Francis Havergal, Rotoll; air from "The 
Prodigal Son," Sullivan. 

Mr. Heinrich was born at Rockford, 111., 
in 1865, his parents being Germane. At 
the age of 6 years ht, lost his eyesight, 
but kept assiduously at work on his 
musical education. When he was 18 
years old his father died and he was 
thrown upon his own resources. HIa 
voice won him the attention and en- 
couragement of people able to help hirr 
and he went abroad. From that time his 

life story has been that of a man battling 
with and overcoming an appalling ob- 
stacle. He has aohleved success. Ear 
and voice have made a world for him 
which he cannot see, and, he is a strik- 
ing example of the little group of 
courageous souls who, irrevocably barred 
from some lines of work, find others 
and succeed in them. 

The committee in charge of Sunday 
night's service is composed of Clarence 
M. Eagerly, chairman; Fred O. Parnell, 
Charles C. Clifford, Frank M. Forsaith, 
Dr. Daniel C. Norton. 



A Treat for the Blind. 

ing a little comfort into the 

of. blind persons the 
• an Red 



Cross, announced 

uld present any 

„-eo ticket for the 

^nent concert to be held at 

'ademy of Music next Monday 

ng Tickets may be had by apply- 

at the Red Cross headquarters, 100 

Fifth Street. Many persons prom 

ty have subscribed to boxe 

and lhe concert promises toi be a 

as well as financial 



N. Y. fWlUJra (WW 

SUNDAY, FEBRUARY, 27, 1910. 




•Recent Legtey Will Bring 
Mfmo Sightless. 


TjBA%0uncement made last Friday that 
tl e trustees of the estate of the late Mrs. 
Phoebe Anna Thome had decided to give 
125,000 to the department for the blind in 
1 be Museum of Natural History may have 
caused some people to wonder why blind 
people should go to a museum. How can 
they learn anything more at a museum 
than they could learn at home by being 
read to? This question seems a natural 
one, but the blind people themselves who 
are taken by their teachers or friends to 
the museum would answer that visiting 
the place is as different as possible fror 
reading about it, and that their experiences 
there are both valuable and delightful. 

Beyond the children's corner on the second 
floor a space is marked off with r. screen 
and rows of plants. The long table extend- 
ing through the middle of the room thus' 
made holds a very strange collection of 
things. Surely a little of everything'. When 
blind people come to "see" the museum 
Mrs. Agnes L. Ressler is Instantly notified. 
No matter what she may be doing, she 
leaves it at once to meet these guests. 

Mrs. Ressler has thought out classifica- 
tions and arrangements which, so far as 
may be. are labelled either in Braile or 
Xew York Point. All these exhibits are 
passed from hand to hand and studied as 
when informal lectures are given. So, for 
example, as the bill, claws and general ap-' 
pearance of a bird are described, the stuffed 
specimen is circulated among the listeners.! 
It is remarkable that so little confusion, 
such uniform accuracy, marks the results in 
the minds of the audience, who must depend 
solely on description and the sense of touch 
for their impressions. They seldom fail 
when questioned to see if they have got the 
right impression, and they remember most 
delicate and minute differences in shape 
and texture. 

Formerly no definite plan was made to 
receive blind visitors at the museum. They 
wandered about, asking the floor men and 
attendants what they sought to know. They 
longed to handle the exhibits and speci- 
mens, and though it was cruel to refuse 
them, the people !n charge were naturally 
reluctant to risk injury to the valuable 
collections. The present arrangement is a 
great blessing to the blind and a relief to 
the museum managers. 

As a rule, the teachers and friends who 

accimpany the blind visitors try to get 

several together, as this plan is plainly 

more advantageous to them and more con- 

. rale of Mis. Ressler's time. All kinds 

Interesting plans are being thought out 

Cor lectures on subjects suitable for such 

iaO the increase in the depart- 

nt'a funds is sine to bring a groat in- 

ise of t.arpintss to those who sit ii 




per and tea will be given 
- for the Blind, 915 E street 
..iwest, Thursday afternoon, from 2 
jo 6 o'clock. The shower will be h< 
under the auspices of the board of cll- 
rs of the institution, and all those 
Interested in the blind are cordially in- 
vited to attend. 

Blind Boy an Expert in Electrical Work* 

What joy and happiness does the glad Christmas 
time bring to a little boy who has been blind since his 
birth? • This question was asked of Master Guynn 
Blackledge, of Caney, a few days ago, when this 13- 
year-old boy came to Independence to purchase some 
electrical supplies. 

"Anticipation of Christmas," he said, "is my 
greatest joy, and I await it coming with as much in- 
jterest as any little boy or girl. I cannot see the beau- 
tiful things, but I know of the great world around 
me, and I am glad that I am living at a time when 
there is so much that I can do. I enjoy Christmas 
just as much as any of the children, and if I cannot 
see the beautiful presents, I can feel the spirit that 
causes the people to give them. 

Guynn Blackledge, a boy of only 13, and blind since 
birth, promises to eclipse the record of Helen Keller, 
I or to equal that of the blind senator from Oklahoma. 
Already he has become one of the most reliable elec- 
tricians of Southern Kansas. He is easily the cleverest 
in this line in his home town of Caney, with its popu- 
lation of nearly 4,000. The boy scouts the idea that 
because he is blind there is nothing for him to do; 
there is much to do, and he is up and at it day and 

Mrs. Blackledge, the mother of the boy, has read 
to him and explained mysteries his eyes cannot see, 
but so faithful had she been in her labors of love and 
duty that the boy has come to see with his bright and 
active mind more than his good mother can with her 

A few days ago Master Blackledge came alone to 
Independence and selected electrical supplies to the 
value of $65 These he took back to Caney, where he 
is engaged in wiring and fitting a building with a com- 
plete electrical outfit. 

Electricians from many of the larger towns and 
cities have gone to Caney to examine this blind boy's 
work, and they have uniformly reported that they ' 
have been unable to find a flaw. Master Blackledge 
works day and night; that is, he can work as well at 
night as in daylight. He prefers the night because he 
is not disturbed by people. He manages to take 
eight hours' sleep out of every twenty-four, and this 
is as liable to be selected through the middle of the 
day as at night. His work is neat and perfect, and 
he is rinding all that he can do. The boy's natural 
knowledge of electricity and electrical appliances is a 
gift which none of his friends are able to explain. — 
St. Louis Republic. 

324 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., at 
Second Class Mail Matter) 



[From the Strand Magazine] 
ability to see by day is matched by the 
commoner night-blindness which most of us 
have known in friend or relative. This de- 
fect, which includes an inability to see even 
by artificial light, is congenital with some 
people and never overcome. It is often 
lltary. It may also be caused, how- 
ever by long exposure to over-bright light, 
coupled with fatigue. A strange story Is 
told concerning a ship's crew two centuries 
ago which was overcome by night-blindness 

so extreme that their captain was oougeu 
to force a fight with a Spanish privateer 
during the day, knowing that by night his 
men would be helpless. In order to obvi- 
ate this difficulty for future occasions he 
ordered each sailor to keep one eye bound 
during the daytime, discovering, to his grat- 
ification, that this eye, having rested, was 
then free of the defect. The sailors were 
very amusing in their efforts to retain the 
bandage well over the eye that must be 
ready for night duty, and so a method ot 
modifying this trouble was discovered. 


—■ ' 



MARCH 16, 1910 




/rfce ar^mjceingjit made last week that 
fte«Wst*|^^ 1 Wie estate of the late Mrs. 
Pho«be"Anna Thome had deckled to give 
?25,000 to the depa rtment for the blind in 
•the 'Museum of"^SaTui'a'l 'MiSTfll'y may 
lhave caused some people to wonder why 
Mind people should so to 'the museum, 
Kays the New York Tribune. How can 
they leam anything more at a museum 
than they could learn at home by being , 
load to? This question seems a natural 
one, but. the blind people themselves who 
aire taken by their teachers or friends to 
the museum would .answer that visiting 
the place is as different <is possible from 
reading about it, and that their expe- 
iriences there are both valuable and de- 

'Beyond the children's corner on the 
second floor a space is marked off with 
a screen and rows of plants. The loug 
<tab'e extending through the middle of the 
room thus made holds a very strange col- 
lection of things. Surely a little of 
everything. When blind people come to 
e" the museum Mrs. Agnes L. Ressler 
is instantly notified. Xo matter what 
she may be doing, she leaves it at once 
4o meet these guesi 

s. Ressler has thouht out classifica- 
tions and arrangements which so far as 
tinny be are labelled either in Braile or 
Cv'ew York Point. All these exhibits are 
jpassed from hand to hand and studied as 
(when informal lectures ai'e given. So. 
for example, as the bill, claws and gen- 
eral appearance of a bird are described, 
the stuffed specimen is circulated among 
i1k> listeners. It is remarkable that so 
Jirtle confusion, such uniform accuracy. 
blank* the results in the minds of the 
audience, who must depend, solely on de- 

fi«riiption and the sense of touch for their 
mpressione. They seldom fail when 
questioned to see if they have got the 
right impression, and they remember 
most delicate and minute differences i© 
ehape and texture. 

Formerly no definite plan was made to 
receive blind visitors at the museum. 
0*hey wandered about asking the floor 
auen and attendants what they sought to 
know. They longed to handle the ex- 
hibits and specimens, and though it Was 
cruel to refuse them, the people in charge 
•were naturally reluctant to risk injury 
to the valuable collections. The present 
arrangement is a great blessing to the 
Iblind and a relief to the museum man- 

As a rule, the teachers and friends who 
accompany the blind visitors try to get 
several together, as this plan is plainly 
more advantageous to them and more 
considerate of 'Mrs. 'Ressler's time. All 
kinds of interesting plans are being 
thought out for lectures on subjects suit- 
nh.v- for such students, and the increase 
Sb the department's funds is sure to brir 
e great increase of happiness to thojte 
who sit in darkness. 


[Umar correspondence of the Joplin Times] 
A flock of pigeons making headquarters? 
in a court house Is nothing unusual out 
when a pigeon that is stone blind can find- 
Us way home to the cupola of a court 
r.ouse it is decidedly unusual. Such, how- 
ever is the case in Lamar, as it has been 
rwovered that one of the pigeons mak- 
mg headquarters over the hall of justice 
is as blind as the goddess in whose shrine 
it nests Nevertheless, it flits back and 
fonh as safely as you please, and it has 
never been known to miss getting in the 
right crack. It is stated that when flying 
for the cupola it flies up fifty or seventy- 
five feet in the air, circles around several 
times and then makes a bee line for the 
e™le as accurately as its mates that can 

QJrjf Nrtu fork Qlimrs 




NEW YORK, MARCH 19, 1910. 

Myrtle Reed's " Spinner in ihe Su 
has been -elected by the Moon Society 
publication in raised letters for the 
fit of the blind. 



MARCH 17, 1910 




[From the Washington Herald] 
"It was a mean trick to play on a 
blind man." 

'What did they do?" 
"Gave him a sheet of sticky flypaper 
plentifully sprinkled with flies, and told 
him it was something in raised letters 
by Henry James." 


For the benefit of the Blind Men's Home 
>f Brooklyn, Mrs. Edward T. Jenkins gave 
i recjWJtWn and ijfea yesterday afternoon 
it her IMjA rJ*P6 Putnam avenue. Sh« 
ivas as -yW Mri receiving by Mrs. John G. 
Tenkinsf Mrs. Meurlin. Mrs. A. M. Flem- 
ng, Miss Ethel Pickford and Mips Elsie 
\1. Jenkins. A musical programme was 

endered by Mrs. Albert Hendrlckson Tol- 
<amp, soprano, accompanied by Mrs. 
lames S. Hart: Miss Ingersoll, who played 
violin selections, and Miss Harriet Kim- 
ball, pianist. 

A daintilv appointed tea table was pre- 
sided over bv .Airs. Elmer B. Brouard and 
Mis« Grace Nearlng, assisted by Miss 
Mice Nearing, Miss Kimball, Miss Helen 
Breckwoldt, Miss Cornelia Heyer, Mies 
Marjorie Doughty, Miss Marion Peters, 
Miss Evelyn Smeltzer and Miss Fannie 

Newark, N. J. Star 


A „ovcl and in tWWffng entertain - 

"—"t "''#** fifrT at st ' Joims Sch001 

1 1 I ^iiltlirfJIffTT f i i 1 Thursday after- 
noon and evening fey John and Mary 
M, ■<•;:>. brother arid sister, blind art- 
ists, who will sing and play classical 
music interspersed with humorous 
Irish songs apd stories. Mr. M< 
will also give a number of impersona- 

SUNDAY, MARCH 20, 1910. 



given by Mrs. Edward T. 

home, No. 825 Putnam 

'ednesday afternoon, was 



foTtrffe^FoTmTBIinc £gtijfl|| 
Assisting Mrs. Jenkins ill ,'^^Vn,t™ r> 
Mrs. John G. Jenkins, Mrs. ™"«nD- 
Mfcr'in Mrs. A. M. Fleming, Miss Ethel 
D^kford and Miss Elsie M. Jenkins^ 
5fth€ T tea tables Miss Grace Nearlng 
Mrs. Elmer Br«tu*rd presided, ae- 
*d bv Miss Marjorle Doughty, JIissi 
All Nearlng. Miss Evelyn Smeltzer 
Mi* Marguerite Winant, Miss Cornelia 
Heir mS Marion Peters. Miss Harr et 
laai, Mdss Helen Breckwoldt Mias 
Tred Fields and Miss Fannie Near- 

ing. v^ - - -* 

M. Y. «***£■ SVM (tin) 


Mrs. Agnes L. Rossler is the person 
vho is notified when ^bUndvjsitor 
ippears at the Museum of JNaturai mstory 
n this city. Mrs. Rossler has thought out 
dassifications and arrangements which 
are labelled in Braile or New York point 
for the use of the blind and aseacharticlej 
is passed from hand to hand and studied! 
by the blind visitors an informal lecture iej 

St, Louis, Ko- Stir 


§fl*jety Woven and Business Men 
tar in Vaudeville 
at Odeou. 


"Undiscovered S( 
inent business 

society vaudeville ' 
at the Odeon, April 14 and 
the benefit of the Blind ( 
Several prominent St. Louis busii 
men will then make their histrionic 

The east 'will include Judge ('. W. 
Holtcamp, Muray Car 
Xorvc 11. 

Whi taker. Henrv P. ! 
Charles II. 1-1 n: 

The Society V'audevilb 
patronesses. including th 
prominent society women of the city, 
who are taking an active interest in 
the affair. 

That the Blind Girls' Home 

the pu 
in a big entertainment, makes 
event more worthy of support. 
I The ] rls' Home was 

i t WP I vn nni it 1 


ort thei 

k, knitting, en 

fcman, ; 
v pitial ndition. He rei 

r them and then pro- 
Charter in 1ST7. and a home 
lized. in 18 
own luiil 
noved again in orth 

; l i h I fi n a 1 1 j 
ok pos of 

dendid new home. 52 

$40,000 gift of 

L. Culver. 

There is n< 'he 

i: is non-sectarian, and is sole- 

I >rt of poor, blind 

would other be 

ho inmates, the 

a old. and the oldest 

inmates are .several 

g ne in ianiste of tal- 

fir her a dramati< io, 

rted by dona- 
hose who will appear 
■ are -Mrs. 
j.,. 3. Wallace I Larker, 

Misses Florence Kyte, Gladys Grace 

fehifflett, Evelyn Henderson, Asiies 
d, and Dempster Godlove, Wal- 
mshaus, Leon Gale, ibteve 
fred Bertrand. J- 



if. LOUW, 

'.S?WMjW (5S 




I unfile Entertainment In Which Promi- 
nent Business Men wllK Appear Will 
Be Given April 14 and 15 at Odt'on 
With Acts Xew to Any Stage. 

iciety Vaudeville,'' with several 
hundred women working for its success, 
i which will be given at the Odeon on April 
14 and 15 for the benefit of the Blind Gills' 
Home, will have many new acts never be- 
fore seen on the professional or amateur 
the best talent of the city will 
be d heard, and it will be the oc- 

cas he debut on the stage of sev- 

eral business men, who have not been sua-" 
pected of any particular dramatic talent. 
iC. H. Huttig, Murray Carleton, Edward 
Devoy, Saunders Norvell, Henry W. Pet- 
ers ,! YVhittaker and Judge C. W. 
Holtkamp will appear in an act called 
ivered Stars," which promises to 
mst interesting ■ to their iriends. 

id Girls' Home originated in the 
year lbti7, when twelve poor girls, pupils 
of jsouri School for the Blind, had 

no place to go when the school closed 
for ion. They rented a room and 

liv< iier, trying to support them- 

sei . | r work, knitting, 

croi and tatting. They were dis- 

covered by the late James E. Yeatxaan 
in a most pitiable condition. He rented 
thi >r them, and (hen, in the 

year 1 sured a charter for them 

and a home was organized. In 1884 they 
moved to their own building on Wash 
again in 18U7 to North 
Garrison avenue, and finally, last Thanks- 
giving, took possession of their splendid 
i 'age boulevard, the $40,- 
L. L. Culver, 
no admission fee for entrance 
e home, and it i- for the sup- 

port of poor blind women who would 
otherwise be homeless. It is nonsectarian. 
i here are thirty-five inmates the voung- 
es 5 l 'iid the oldest 80". Some 

or the charter members are still inmates 
ot the home. Among the inmates are sev- 
eral fine musicians-one pianist of talent, 
and a dramatic soprano of great promise, 
the home is supported by donations, 
supplemented by entertainments, but 
i before has one beln given of the 
magnitude of the Society Vaudeviile 
Among those appeariiJE will be' ATr<s 
tchfield Dobyn, &rs Selwvn Ed* 
•illaee Capen, Mrs James P 
.Mrs. Wallace HarUerMisscS Flo?: 
Kyte, Gladys Grace Shifftett. Evelyn 
derson and Agnes -Conrad, and Messrs 
pster Godlove, Wallade Niedrlnehaii^'. 

Blnrand! 6 ' ^^ Martin *^ M Alfj^ 


hrills New York School 
With Webster's 

iFriday 'was Willie Schenk's day 
t, and the same night when Bay- 
side, L,. I., heard of it every one. who 
knew Willie Schenck said "I told you so. 
That boy will be heard from. He'll rival 

Senator Gore yet," says the New York 
William Schenck has been corning in 
to school at Rivington street for a year 
and he has mastered two years' studies 
in one. but that is not why every pupil 
and every teacher was proud of linn 
yesterday. It was the turn of Miss 
Burns'? class to speak in the auditor- 
ium yesterday morning, and half way 
through the program Principal Gold- 
waeser r-.-ad from his slip: 

'Webster's Reply to Hayne. by Wil- 
liam Schenck." 

There was silence. Everyone didn't 
know that Webster had replied, but 
everyone knew that Willie Schenck was 
the blond boy from Bayside, whowcamo 
into town every morning guarded by 
another hoy— because Willie was blind. 
At the principal's call there was a 
movement among the pupils seated on 
the back of the stage and there rose 'lie 
shapely head of the blind boy. 

He va.; pale as he moved with hardly 
a perception of groping to the center of 
the stage. There he paused, turned and 
bowed to ihe principal. Then he seem- 
ed to uaze with his sightless eyes 
around the hall. More than one thought 
that surely he wa.s pausing because of 
Bts%e f ri^ht. But they had never stud- 
ied Henry Clay's methods carefully. 
The pale -lips opened, and, with a toss 
of the fluffy hair away from the broad 
forehead. Willie began in a low, clear, 
intensely dramatic tone: 

"WIk'p. the mariner has been tossed 
for many days in thick weather, and 
on an unknown sea, he naturally avails 
himself of tho first pause in the ' 
storm—.'' With the first words the 
paleness had fled. Steadily his voice 
grew louder and stronger. It filled, 
ry pari of the hall like a silver bell. 
On he went: 

"i shall enter upon no encomium 
Mr ssaclmsetts; she ae«dS none. There! 
she is. is her history. The world 

knows it by heart. The hones of her 
sons, falling in the great stwuggle fori 
independence, now lie mv.igled with the 
soil of every ©tat§ from New England 
to Georgia." 

The children wore straining forward 
to catch every word of the boy who 
had outstripped most of them in a doz- 
en studies. MisS Burns, his teacher, 
looked across with Swimming eyes to 
Mr. Mittlerr.nn, of 6-B-2, who had drill- 
ed Willie ?n the speech, and he looked 
back at her with pride in his :y- 

and-by the boy came to the lines: 

"When my eyes shall be turned to 
behold for the last time the sun in 
heaven, may I not see him shining- on 
the broken and dishonored fragments 
of a once glorious union!" 

Then many listeners could hardly 
hold back tears.. In Mr. Goldwasser's 
eyes there was a wetness he made no 
ftffort to hide. The boy's eloquence was 

such that 

lost thought of his blind : 
peroration, with its oddl dficant 

Posing, recalled the lad's m2££S? 
Applause is not part of the program 
W these schools, but it broke *,■,', 
a elan of thunder after the boy had 
"ken ha «eat. A momentary «£ 
was a? , that showod h . s ple £f «»* 

Miss Burns is the teacher of the blind 
- lass that has been collected S a" 
oVer lower New York at School ^ 
->0. Willie was sent in a year ago bv 
his parents. He took Webster's speecr 
*Wh on the typewriter at Mr M ttle 
man's dictation and then wrote it at 
out in the pin-prick system for //. 
own use. '"■ 

"I didn't do anything remarkable " 
said as he came out of the school' am 
Wried with his boy guide toward 1h 
terry. -'There's a whole crowd of fell 
era un there could have beat me" jm, 
teacher said he was almost preter-na 
orally bright, the loss of sight seem 

tnl? h • 2V" SUC " a * ood sc holar 
that he has bee, taken out of the blind 
class for i, l0s t studio Tio raoves about 
the bu.lrhng without a guide enter ini 
room, with perfect assurance.' " g 


Wednesday, March 23, 1910 
There is a blind student ot . 
who takes as cm»iWW»*n 

s as any otl olar. TTo US i 

certain kind of paper which he pi. 
with a sharp instrument, making impres- 
sions which he afterwards Interprets by 
aid of his sense of touch. He h as 
quired a great proficiency in 
of writing. In. a manner it is an advan- 
tage over ordinary longhand. There i s 
ciphering of badly written w 
Hie impressions are move dura 


An artistic recital will be given in the 
■. o'f the new Blind Girls' 
-35 Page avenue, Tue%»«at. even- 
ing*, March 29, under the auspices of 
Miss Gussie G. Kalb. A very pleasing 
program has been arranged, and among 
those who will take part are Mr. Ernest 
Mehring, Miss Sophia Mesmer, Dr. O. H. 
Bartlett, Olympla Quartet. Miss Edith 
Cook and other well-known local tal- 

St. Louffl Xe„'Di-wrrA {t$H\ 

SUNDAY, MARCH 27, l&ld. 




P#ers, Stocktsslf^evoy, Carleton, 

Whitaker and Norvell Cast in 

Play at Odeon. 

Seven business men, most of whom 
have taken an active part in the Terminal 
and bridge arbitrary fight, are on the 
programme for a "funny act" in the so- 
ciety vaudeville, to be given at the Odeon, 
April li and 15, for the benefit of the 
Blind Girls' Home. The title of the act 
is "Undiscovered Stars," and the per- 
formers are to be Henry W. Peters, R. 
H. Stockton. Edward Devoy, Murray 
Carleton, Edwards Whitaker, Councilman 
Saunders Norvell and Judge C. W. Holt- 
camp. Some of the persons on the pro- 
gramme have made reputations in mu- 
sical and other entertainments. Follow- 
ing are some of those scheduled to take 
part: Miss Mary Carlton, Mrs. Irene 
Critchfield Dobyn, Mrs. Selwyn C. Ed- 
gar, Mrs. Wallace Capen, Mrs. James P. 
Grant, Mrs. Wallace Harker, Misses Ag- 
nes Conrad, Florence Kyte, Evelyn ! 
derson, Gladys Grace ShJfflett. Cecil Falke 
Lowenstein, Dempster Godlove, Wallace 
Niedringhaus, Leon C. Gale, A. H. Gale, 
Jr., Steve Martin, M. Alfred Bertrand, 
Raymond Goldberg. 

The list of patronesses includes about 
Son women, many of whom have long 
been interested in the home. 

it lom«. -*o ; nwmmjn (i%\ 

Ymsm&hkY, .mar«h &, mi 

Patronesses of Society Vaudeville 
For/ Blipd Girls* Home Canvass 
WDowntoiyn Stores to Sell Tickets 





























fashionables in ihe "Society V: 
1>) be, held at the Odeon durihj 
April ].-, for tin- benefit oi 
'is'. Home, No. 5202 Page boule- 

llst of patronesses has grown si 
Ily, and the number of tickets sold 

tterjnsr aggregate. The man- 
looks forward confidently ti 
pyerwhelraihgly successful entertainim 
iny nf the inmates of the home, 
companies by patronesses, have canva 
irge downtown department stores 
reaped* a hat vest through ihe sal 

. Tin 

will consist of eight vaudeville acts, 
fessional. as well as amateur talent win I 
the project a success "" « 

fWTMtrf ■ 



J oh*rtC/^f^LRef used Transporta- 
tion!;' Begins Long Walk to 

Somewhere In the vagtie region known 
as "east of Denver" wanders John Carr, 
45 years old. totally blind, and carrying 
In a tin case his only possession, a vio- 
lin, by means of which he earns an oc- 
casional nickel. 

hipped to Denver two days 
ago by the county commissioners of Salt 
Lake City. He had been arrested in Salt 
Lake for playing his violin on the streets 


out a license and had been put in 
jail. In the cell with him was a crazy 
man, who suddenly attacked Carr with 
a chair, cutting open his head. Shortly 
after this occurrence- Carr was sent here. 

"When he got to Denver he asked for a 
permit to play hi«" violin on the streets, 
but was refused, and he applied for help 
at the charity organization. That is, he 
wanted help, but he wanted it to be of a 
special kind or he didn't want it at all. 
All he wanted was transportation "back 
East"— he didn't care where — he said that 
he "had friends all over the East." 

The rules of the charity organization 
forbid furnishing transportation unless 
the person to whom It Is furnished can 
convince the authorities that he will be 
cared for after he reaches his destination 
and as Carr refused to give any addresses 
of his numerous friends, Mrs. Anna G. 
Williams could not give him the money 
for his railroad fare. She offered to fur- 
nish him food and lodging as long as he 
stayed in Denver, but this Carr refused. 

"All right, lady," he said. "It I can't 
have the money to ride back East, I'll 
walk." And the last Mrs. Williams heard 
of him. he had smarted on his long jour- 
ney, groping his way with his cane, and 
carrying his violin case under his arn'. 

It is one of the most peculiar cases that 
has ever come under the notice of the 
charity organization. Carr has been 
blind, unable even to distinguish light 
from darkness, for thirty years, having 
lost his eyes by the explosion of a gun 
cap. He has a wife in Rochester, N. T., 
but he has not been with her for three 
years, and whether it Is his desire to re- 
turn to her now, or whether, handicapped- 
as he is by his blindness '-e prefers the 
life or a rover, BO one knows. 



▼folin Starts for the 
East, Hoping; to Play His 
Way Through. 

Blind and penniless, with his *«Wjy 
belongings consisting of an old violet 
•with which he earns a meagei Lwng._ 
John Carr is thought to be somewhere 
east of Denver, en route to a town in 
New England. He was sent here by- 
commissioners at Salt Lake after he had 
been locked up for P'^&^s v g h £ 
without a license and then attacKeu oy <x 
Trazy man in the salne cell and severely 

ln Cafe d wa S refused the. permission to play 
bis fiddle on Denver's streets and al- 
thoug the Denver Associated 
urged him to remain here, promising him 
food and lodging, he refused. He wanted 

["transportation, but the rules prohibit the 
association giving strangers mileage un- 

; less they are assured that when the per- 

; son reaches his destination, he will be 
cared for. This, Carr refused to do, and 
refusing the preferred aid, left with the 

1 assertion that he would start out and 
walk. Can's eyesight was destroyed 30 

I years ago in an accident at Roches er, 
N. Y. His wife lives there, but whether 

! he wants to return to her is not known 
by the officers of the local charity asso- 

M. T. WMSl'Kfl 

TUESDAY, MARCH 2$, 191$. 




Boy A/Msted for Begging Discloses 
Bowery Game New to Police. 

Taught how to act blind and schooled in 
the successful methods of begging, Hyram 
Wurk, fifteen years old, of Xo. 118 Bayard 
street, put the officers ,i the children's 
society on a search for Bowery organiza- 
tion of men that m: es a business of 
teaching youths to go "but and beg under 
pretence of being sightless. 

Wurk was arrested in Park Row for beg- 
ging, and insisted to the officers of the so- 
ciety that he was blind. Assistant. Superin- 
tendent Moore doubted the boy and had 
the society's physicians examine his eyes. 
They found his sight perfect. Then Wurk 
broke down and confessed that be had been 
taught by a man in a lodging house on the 
Bowery how to act' blind and drilled in the 
plaintive stories that touched the heart of 
the average person. He said he gave one- 
half of his profits to his instructor. 

The police have a good desctiption of thl 
man and are hunting for him, in the belief 
that he is the leader of an organizeu gang 
of men and boy beggars who pretend to be 
blind. Wurk was held for examination ini 
the Children's Court. J 


Atlanta. Gt>... Constitution f***** 



By E. C. Bruffey. 

On the Peachtree viaduct, near the 
Southern railway ticket office, sits all 
day long a blind man holding in front 
of him a tray of lead pencils. To 
the front of his hat is pinned a large 
card upon which are large letters ad- 
vising all who pass that he is blind, 
but that he is not a mendicant — that 
he is striving to make a living by 
selling lead pencils, shoe laces anC 

That Is J. T. Cashion, a native oi 
Richmond, Va., but now a resident 01 
Atlanta, and it Is a fair living he Is 
making for himself and wife. 

Every morning he is led from his 
lome, 14 Waddell street, to the corner 
>y his wife, who calls for him late in 
he evening, when he has put in a full 
lay's work. But up to a few weeks 
.go Cashion's wife remained at nome 
ttending household duties while a 
aithful dog led the blind man to his 
lace of business, where he curled up 
nder a stool upon which his master 
it, and slumbered the hours away, 
ever so sound asleep, however, that 
e did not stand ready to defend the 
lan above him. » 
That dog is niw dead, and it's up to 
ashlon to depend upon his wife for 
uidance through the streets until he 
an secure another canine companion. 
Lacker, that was the dog's name, died 
few weeks ago of pneumonia at the 
>rs. Carnes' veterinary sanitarium. 
Lnd Racker's last work was leading 
is master to that sanitarium where 
ie might be treated for the disease 
.vhich then had him in the throes of 
leath. After examining the dog care- 
Cully, D r - Carnes remarked: 

"My friend, your dog is in a mighty 
bad fix. To be candid with you, he is 
almost dying now, but I'll do the best 
1 can for him. Thought it best to 
tell you the exa: t truth." 

Told Dog Good Bye. 

The blind man's eyes filled with 
tears, and calling Racker to him, he 
stooped down, and finding the dog by 
his fingers, threw his arms about him, 
drawing him close to his breast. 

"Poor old Racker." said the blind 
man. "It's true you are nothing but 
a mongrel — an old stray dog. Remem- 
ber. Racker, the morning you found 
your way to me, and how 1 tried to 
get rid of you, but you wouldn't go? 
I had other dogs, then, Racker, and 
didn't need you; but you stayed, and 
when some unkind persons made way 
with the other three,' you came to my 
help. Say, doctor, do your b«st for 
him. And what will I owe you?" 

".Not a cent," replied Billy Carnes. 

"Say, what wlfll you do when he 

"Let my wife lead me until I can 
get another dog," was the reply. 

"But you can t find dogs trained to 
your need around here, can you?" 
Qsked Dr. Carnes. 

"Don't need a trained dog. Cart train 
him myself. I have trained a hun- 
dred for myself, to say nothing about 
thoss I have trained for others." he 

"For other blind men?" asked Dr 
Carnes, a little interested. 

"Oh, no, not for blind men. You see 
I don't teach a dog to lead the blind 
only: I teach 'em tricks— all kinds of 

That made Dr. Carnes sit up and 
take notice. A blind man teaching 
dogs tricks. That was a new one on 
Billy Carnes. 

"But how do you do it? How do you 
know the dog does as you tell him- 
you can't see? Then he 

Teaches Dogs Tricks. 

"Oh, I see with my fingers, and the 
noise the dog makes in executing what 
I am trying to teach him," broke in 
the blind man, with a hearty laugh. 
"Oh, yes, I have taught many a dog, 
and have made money at it. Up in 
Richmond a conductor, whose home | 
was at Ashland, brought me two dogs \ 
to train, and when he came for them 
they were educated. Each one could 
do any number of stunts, and do them 
well. One day the conductor came 
for them. He brought a chain apd 
chained the two together. Then he 
put them on the train and carried the,m 
to Ashland, 18 miles away. About 
dawn next morning there was a noise 
at my front door, and when I opened 
it those two dogs rushed in and then 
climbed all over me, indicating their 
joy in every possible way. It took 
that conductor a long time to learn 
those dogs to stay at home and away 
from me. I've trained dogs for show- 
men, and never did I hear a kick. 

"Now, doctor, that dog there, Rack- 
er, is a mongrel. He is a stray, and 
yet he is one of the best dogs I ever 
had. Not long ago I had three dogs, 
and they were all beauts, let me tell 
you. Two of 'em I could send to the 
newspaper office when the papers were 
out and they would bring me back my 
bundle. I didn't have to go after my 
papers. I would send one for one 
edition and the other for the second. 
Someone at the office had been ad- 
vised and would tie the papers to the 
dog and right into my hands he'd 
put 'em in a mighty few minutes. Why, 
doctor, them dogs even knew that a 
hurry was needed to get the papers to 
me, and they always hurried. And I 
always pitied the man or boy who 
tried to interfere with 'em. It was 
while I had those dogs that Racker 
came to me. He came to my home, 
and when I left in the 'morning he'd 
follow me to my stool, and there he'd 
stay. I didn't want him about, and 
would try to drive him away, but he 
wouldn't go. My wife carried him 
off, but he always came back. Then, 
when . somebody made way with my 
three dogs, I tied on to Racker, that 
mongrel there, and he dropped right 
into harness like a veteran. And now 
poor old Racker's gone! I tell you, doo, 
it's mighty hard to lose an oVd friend 
like that." 

''Ever find who got away 'with your 
dogs?" asked the doctor. 

"No; but when I found they were 
gone 1 swore so roundly that some- 
body had me arrested, and Judge 
Broyles fined me $5.75 for using pro- 
fane language: and the.t — well, doc, 
that sort o' cooled me off, and I just 
tied to poor old Racker." 

Cashion is a man of remarkable in- 
telligence, i-nd >S weli educated. 

"T have," he said, "a diploma from 
the School for Deaf. Dumb and Blind 
al Staunton, Va." 

Cashion has sold newspapers in 
every town between Richmond and At- 
lanta, and has never asked for alms. 
Asked if he expected to make Atlanta 
his home he said he did not. 

Helps Other Blind Men. 
"Because a man is blind is no reason 

he can't make a living," said Cashion. ' 
"I strike a town and start a little bus- 
iness like this and when I get it going | 
I watch out for a blind man who is 
begging. I take him in hand, and 
jshow him that he can make a living 
iaad does not have to beg. Once I hav«. 
shown him, and he gets started, 1 
strike out for another town. 1 can't 
begin to tell you the number of blind 
men I have, taken from the pauper 
ranks and .started on the road to a 
self-sustaiijng life. I've been in At- 
lanta nowyabout as long as I usually 
stay any\fiere, and as soon as I can 

find s. sightless man begging who has O 
(the backbone to try to support him- 
'self, I'll give him my stool and move 
on to another town." 

Cashion is an excellent conversation- 
alist, and is Interesting as he recites 
his experiences. He has a clear, ring- 
ing voice and is full of nerve and de- 
termination. In fact, he has more 
nerve than many persons with two 
good eyes. There is nothing of the 
coward about him. Neither is he a 
braggart. He makes an excellent cit- 
izen, say his neignborc, and is an ideal 
home man. Though now without 
a dog. he is not blue or chicken- 

"I'll get another soon and it won't 
take me long to train him so he can 
bring me out in the morning and lead 
me home at night." 

The Drs. Carnes have determined to 
buy Cashion another dog, and will 
gladly pay for one if they can get 
just what is wanted. 

Any generous Atia.ntan who wants 
to l3nd a hand in the purchase can 
send their coin to Dr. Henry or Dr. 
Billy Carnes at their place on Mari- 
etta street. 

Cashion, himself, prefers a grey- 
hound, but those conversant with that 
breed say that a greyhound Is not 
smart, has mighty little sense and will 
prove hard to train. Dr. Carnes thinks 
the best dog he can get would be a 
pointer. He wants one about fifty or 
sixty pounds, heavy enough to run 
strong on the chain coupling him to 
his master. Cashion says a pup not 
younger than three or older than six 
months, is best suited to his purpose 

"1 am willing to buy the dog," re- 
marked Dr. Henry Carnes, "but I don't 
want every negro in town running to 
my place with a pup he may have 
stolen. If some one' has a thoroughbred 
pointer pup between three and s*x 
montns old, and don't want a fortune 
for him, he can bring him down and 
get a piece of money for him. 1 
don't know when I had anything to 
affect me like^the parting of that blind 
man and that dog when he brought 
him to me. The poor dog was nearly 
dead when he led the man into the 
barn. He had a terrible case of pneu- 
monia, and his jaws were set then 
for death. And when Racker died the 
next day, and I told his owner, that man 
broke down and cried like a child. 
But, say, you ought to hear that fel- 
low talk when he isn't studying his 
Sunday school lessons. So let the dog 
sellers come along Monday, and by 
noon Cashion will have a new dog to 
swe — to train I mean." 


\ t*A».i<<* 


SAjnty Folk Plan a Big Frolic 

for a Very Worthy 



Sextette From "Lucia" Composed of 
Prominent St. Louis Busi- 
ness Men. 



1 W & 











Sunday.— When Mr. 

makes a balloon ascen- 

at Springfield, he will 

Mr. vviiheim Heinrich, the 

or and composer, of Dr. Edward 

Everett Hale's church. This will bV tht 

Ma?" r- ■ rp'" make an tension on 
T*' \" lh Professor and Mrs. DavM 
Todd, Amherst astronomers. The earth 
w,I then he in the path of Hal ley's com* J 
and scientific instruments for making ob- 
servations will be taken along. They will 
Bo up again with Mr, Glidden on Maris 

U,000,000 miles away from the head. 


APRIE 4, 1910 

The blind musician who is going 

'jgmpo se a tune when in a balloon a mile 

in theafc"«rni wnxiotrtrtedly fllr tt with high 



Monday, April 4, 1910 


Society is preparing 1 to enjoy itself 
to the limit at the vaudeville enter- 
tainment to be given for the benefit of 
the Blind Girls' Home, at the Odcon 
on April 15. Society matrons, belles, 

buds and beax, will participate in the 
l'rclic for sweet charity. 

Among- the special features will be 
a musical number under the arrange- 
ment and direction of Moses Fr 
presenting the Sextette from "Eueia." 
Edwards Whitaker, Robert H. 
Stockton, Murray Carleton, Edward 
Devoy, Henry W. Peters, Moses Fra- 
Icy and Judge Chas. W. . Holteamp. 
The University Quartette. Martin, 
Gale, Niedringhaus and Godlove, will 

Miss Cecil Falke Lowenstein will 
give an exposition of classical G 
dances, assisted by a bevy of blind 
girls in costume and Greek poses. 
Miss Mary McCau3land will contrib- 
ute a violin solo, accompanied by 
E. R. Kroger on the piano. Mrs. Sel- 
wyn Edgar will be heard in vocal se- 
lections. A. H. Gale will deliver that 
ious Teutonic monologue, "The 
Greatest of Musicians," and a "balloon 
nsion" will take two prominent 
citizens to the stage skies. 

Two playlets will fill out the lenghty 
•ogramme, "The Invited. Guest," and 
•Wary, a < aken Identity,"; 

»th of which are guaranteed 
'per earns." ^ 

Wilhelm Heinrich, Tenor of the 
South Congregational Church, 
to Ascend with C. J. Glidden; 
Will Compose in Air. 



Charles J. Glidden, president of the 
Aero Club of New England, early in 
Mav will, make an ascent from 
Springfield accompanied by a man 
totally blind— Wilhelm Heinrich, the 
tenor of the South Congregational 
Church, "Dr. Edward Everett Hale's 

They will go up in the large balloon 
of the Aero Club of New England, 
the Massachusetts, and Mr. Heinrich 
will make notes of his experiences 
during the voyage. 

Before starting the blind singei 
will examine by touch the equip- 
ment of the balloon, and will also fol- 
low the work of filling the bag witl 
gas. While aloft far above the eartl 
he plans to compose a song, and wil 
analyze his sensations so as to giv< 

vfl^iiiddW^ WP^H ' SIM wafg." 1 


tlantic Wt;\ >:. J., ? vC rkT (:?*) 

an account of them after landing. 

Mr. Glidden plans to have th« 
ascent last about three hours, and ex 
pects to reach a height of abou 
two miles. Mr. Heinrich has beci 
sightless since the age of 6. 

The regular balloon season in Mas 
.sachusetts will start about April 20 
and from then on six balloons will bt 
in almost daily use in the state. Dur 
ing the summer local balloonists wil 
make every effort to gain the trophies 
offered for the season, which include 
the Cortland F. Bishop cup for the 
longest flight made by a pilot whe 
shall start from a point in New Eng- 
land during the year. 

The Boston Herald trophy, put up 
again by the winner last year, H. H. 
Clayton; the Fitchburg cup. the Po- 
land Spring and the Mt. Washington 
trophies are also offered. The two 
offered in Canada by the newspaper 
La Patrie and the Auto Club of Can- 
ada are also open to Massachusetts 
enthusiasts, of whom 250 will make 
ascensions during the summer. 

The last meeting of the winter ses- 
sion of the Aero Club of New Eng- 
land will be held tonight in the City 
Club, and a report will be submitted 
by Henry Howard, chairman of the 
club committee on aeroplanes, recom- 
mending that the club purchase im- 
mediately one of these machines. Mr. 
Howard has just returned from a trip 
to the plant of the Wright brothers at 


Monday, Aprri 4, 1910 


Wilhelm Heinrich, the noted blind tenor 

nger at Dr. Edward Everett Hale's 

aurch, is to make a balloon ascension 

'ith Charles W. Glidden at Sprin gfield 

arly next month. In additionJLn Lb'l'L' 

is impressions of the ascensidn to scien- 

ists, the sightless singer will compose 

. song while the balloon is sailing along 

. mile or so above the earth. 

On the night of May 6, when the earth 

vill be in the orbit of Halley's comet, 

vir. Glidden will have as passengers in 

lis balloon Professor Daniel Todd and 

vife, both of whom are well-known as- 


The party will take astronomical ob- 
servations. On May 18, at which date 
:he earth will be passing through the tail 
*£_ the comet, they will again accompany 




lildren BlindiSince Birth, Gave 
Music and Humor In Odd Fel- 
low's HalUast Night 

Joihn and Mary McKay, of New 
York City, blind since birth, 
musical and entertainment in Odd Pel- 
lows' Hall last evening at e'i&hit-thirty 

Fully two hundred people were pi 
ent and enjoyed music and Irish 
for .several houi 

>li9hed piai 
ists. Miss McKay, is the possessor of 
an exceptionally, clear, sweet and 
sympathetic voice, while Mr. McKay, 
is favored with a rich baritone voice. 
His ability as a comedian is to he won- 
dered at since he has never been able 
to gaze upon the face and expressions 
°f His imjKTsonations are true 

life and his Irish wit is all laugh 
provoking-. N< musing- is the dia- 

logue stoi [r. and Mrs. Smith 

in which Miss McKay fooflc the part of 
iding- wife. 
The program: 

Piano Duet, overture from "Norma" 
arranged by Beyer, John and Mary 
Vocal Duet, "How Rea.utitf'Uil ds Night" 
hards; John ami .Mary McOay. 
Solo, "Killarney," DaJfe; 
.Mis.s Mary McCay. 
llumiorous Sonfi, "A Jolly Good 

Laugh" Thomas; John McCay. 
Piano Solo, "Amoroso" Egfhant; Mass 

Mary McCay. 
Baritone Solo "The Bells of St. 

Mary's" Rodney; John McCay. 
Vocal Duet (huoanorous) "A Doanes- 
■tic Quarrel" Mr. and Mirs. iSimifih; 
ind Miary McCay. 
Is Character Song (in costume) 
Kollicker," John McCay. 
RT 11. 
ue Alpine Storm" Kun- 
: John 

! >. "Off to Philadelphia, " 
ipted from an old Irish melody, 
B. Haynes; John McCay. 
Specimens of Irish Wit and Humor, 

John McCay. 
Soprano Solo, "Sling Sweet Bird," 

Ganz; Miss Mary McOay. 
Pidno Duet, "II Trovatore," arranged 
-; John and Mary Mc- 

Bashful Man," 
First Attempt to 

Smith; .lulu, 


SUNDAY. APRIL 10, 1010 




e^tal for Home for the 
Given at St. Ann's 

A dramatic recital for the benefit of the 
Home for **■*■ ftiVflfl"-- given at St. 
Ann's Church. Clinton and Livingston 
streets, Thursday evening by Miss Grace 
Cleveland Porter, assisted by Miss Helen 
B. Wilson. Mrs. Clinton Moshcr and Miss 
Jennie E. Bennett, 

Miss Porter's readings arc given with 
rare intelligence and simplicity. None of 
the tricks and mannerisms of the profes- 
sional elocutionist were manifest. Her 
rendering of "The Plantation Nursery 
Scene and Lullaby— Blow Lir Breezes," 
was very tender and sympathetic. 

But it was in the interpretation of Dr. 
Drummond's French-Canadian poems that 
Miss Porter was at her best. "Little Lac 
!fr r ?!V, 0r „ waa charmi ngly given, as was 
Little Bateese," but "Johnnie's First 
Moose afforded larger opportunity for 
the reader to display her dramatic ability 

Not since Dr. Drummond himself read 
in this city some years ago have his 
poems been presented to the public with 
such sincerity and appreciation of the 
spirit of the author. 


t ' — i — . 

Published every day In the year by the Boston Herald 
Company. 171 Tremont Street. 


We w Tort No, l Madison Avenue 

Chicago 112 Dearborn Street 

Washington 1422 F Street, N. W. 

Telephone Exchange 3000 Oxford 


Daily (per month 25c), per year $3.00 

Sunday, per year 2.50 

One cent per copy extra for postage in the Boston 
postal district; foreign postage extra. 

Entered as second-class mail matter. 

MONDAY, APRIL 4, 1910. 

Wilhelm Heinrich, Tenor of the 
South Congregational Church, 
to Ascend with C. J. Glidden; 
Will Compose in Air. 

Unique in the annals of ballooning 
is *the ascension planned by Charles 
J. Glidden, president of the Aero Club 
of New England, for early in May, 
when he will set out from Springfield 
accompanied by a man totally blind — 
Wilhelm Heinrich, the tenor of the 
South Congregational Church, "Dr. 
Edward Everett Hale's Church." 

So far as is known to local balloon- 
ists, this .will be the first ascension 
ever made by a sightless man. The 
ascension will be made from Spring- 
field, in the large balloon of the Aero 
Club of New England, the Massachu- 
setts, and Mr. Heinrich will make 
notes of his experiences during the 

Before starting the blind singer will 
examine by sense of touch the equip- 
ment of the balloon, and will also fol- 
low the work of filling the bag with 
gas. While aloft far above the earth 
he plans to compose a song, and will 
analyze his sensations so as to give 
an account of them after landing. 

Will Go up Two Miles. 

Mr. Glidden plans to have the 
ascent last about three hours, and ex- 
pects to reach an altitude of about 
two miles. Mr. Heinrich has been 
sightless since the age of 6, but is 
possessed of remarkable powers of 
observation, and will exercise them 
to the utmost during the voyage. 

This unique voyage will be one of 
the highly interesting ones to mark 
a season of remarkable activity in 
ballooning within the confines of 
the state of Massachusetts. The 
first balloon ascension of the season 
will be made today at Pittsfleld, and 
before many days there will be as- 
censions eve'ry day or night when 
weather conditions permit. 

Two remarkable ascensions for 
scientific purposes will be made in 
May by Mr. Glidden, accompanied 
by Prof. David Todd of Amherst. 
The first of these, on the night of 
May 6, will be made when the earth 
will be in the orbit of Halley's 
comet, and observations will be 
made while the balloon is in clear 
atmosphere, high above the earth's 

On May 18, when the earth will be 
in the tail of the comet, whose head 
will be 12,000,000 miles away, another 
ascension will be made with instru- 
ments in the basket of the car and 
observations taken from a height of 
three miles. 

Regular Season Opens Soon. 
The regular balloon season in Mas- 
sachusetts will start about April 20 
and from then on six balloons will be 
in almost daily use in the state. Dur- 
ing the summer local balloonists will 
make every effort to gain the trophies 
i offered for the season, which include 
I the Cortland F. Bishop cup for the 
longest flight made by a pilot who 
shall start from a point in New Eng- 
land during the year. 

The Boston Herald trophy, pu t up 
again by the winner last year H H 
Clayton; the Fitchburg cup, the Po- 
land Spring and the Mt. Washington 
trophies. The two offered in Canada 
by the newspaper La Patrie and the 
Auto Club of Canada are also open 
to Massachusetts enthusiasts, of whom 
250 will make ascensions during the 

The last meeting of the winter ses- 
sion of the Aero Club of New Eng- 
land will be held tonight in the City 
Club, and a report will be submitted 
by Henry Howard, chairman of the 
club committee on aeroplanes, recom- 
mending that the club purchase im- 
mediately one of these machines. Mr. 
Howard has just returned from a trip 
to the plant of the Wright brothers at 


Published every day In the year by the Boston Herald 
rompany, 171 Tremont Street. 


STew Tort No. i Madison Avenue 

Caicagfo 112 Dearborn Street 

Washington 1422 F Street, IT. W. 

telephone Exchange 3000 Oxford 


Daily (per mouth ^5c). pec year 53.00 

Sunday, per year 2.50 

One cent per copy extra fur postage in the Boston 
>os<;il district; foreign postage extra. 

Entered, as second-class mail matter. 


Five Operations on Worcester Three- 
Year-Old Successful. 

[Special Dispatch to the Boston Herald.] 
WORCESTER, April 8— Born blind, 
with a cataract on each eye, Ernest 
Peaudoin, 3-year-old son of Thomas 
P. Beaudoin, 5 Parker street, can now 
see as the result of five operations 
on his eyes by City Hospital surgeons. 
The final operation was performed 
this afternoon. 



^M C I St. Louie. »©., Glo.lHH&«»»cr*t U:$ff 



TUESDAY. A. PKIJ. I . 1 Mia 1 ^ ^ _™ w - B ^-«-- 












i I 

«■ j 


























ONE of the fashionable entertainments 
of the season will be the benefit for 
; the Blind Gjcis' Home at the Odeon, 
April «Mf»***^Vell-known society women 
will act as patronesses. Some of the girls 
of the home will assist Miss Cecil Falke 
Lowenstein in classic Grecian dances. All 
the girls in the dance will be in costume. 
Several original playlets will be given. 
One. Undiscovered Stars, will be under the 
personal supervision of Moses Fraley. An- 
other, The Invited Gues', was written by 
Miss Grace Hadley. The third skit is 
Mary— A Case of Mistaken Identity, and 
Is a lively farce. 

A balloon ascension in a duplicate of 
one of the St. Louis craft, will take place. 
The sextet from Lucia will be sung by 
Edwards Whitaker, R. H. Stockton, Ed- 
ward Devoy, Murray Carleton, Henry W. 
Peters and Probate Judge Charles W. 

Some of the best-known musicians of 
this city have promised to assist in mak- J 

sf/jj M/inttz? rox 

ing the evening a success. Miss Mary 
McCausland, the girl violinist, whose 
playing has aroused much comment, will 
give several selections. She will be ac- 
companied on the piano by Prof. S. R. 
Kroeger. Frederick Fischer will have 
charge of the orchestra. 

Monday, April 18, 1910 


Orphans of HomT&re 

Made Nearly Blind 

by Experiments 

PHILADELPHIA, April 17.— As the 
result of investigations ordered in this 
city it has been revealed that 160 chil- 
dren, inmates of Blockley, the great 
Philadelphia hospital, and of St. Vin- 
cent's Home for Orphan Children, 
mostly very young infants', and even 
babies less than a year old have been 
used as human ''material" for purposes 
of experimental research by physicians 
of the William Pepper Laboratory of 
the University of Pennsylvania. 

After these experiments were con- 
cluded, it was announced by the phy- 
sicians in the archives of internal medi- 
cine published by the American Medical 
Association, that the results wexe such 
as to render part of the practices un- 
justifiable in medicine, the experiment- 
ers admitting over their own signatures 
when beginning the tests they had no 
knowledge of the serious results their 
use, entailed. 

Made Half Blind 

They admitted that permanent disturb- 
ance of vision was sure to follow In one 
of the experiments they had practised 
upon an orphan, and that one test, if 
pursued, might lead even to the destruc- 
tion of the eyesight. T 
The result of this campaign of experi- 
mentation on helpless, destitute and or- 
phan babies was to bring about friction 
between the management of the hospital 
and the physicians In charge of the med- 
ical department, which has resulted in 
the resignation of the entire board of 

The physlolang were all leading prac- 
•.ltloners of this city, Bkin specialists and 
sxperts In eye and children's diseases, 
'rom the William Pepper clinical labora- 
ory of the University of Pennsylvania. 

The experimental work for which 180 
rphan and dependent children were used 
onslsted of lnooulatlng or "instilling" 
nto the babies Koch's tuberculin In order 
o observe whether there would result 
i "reaction" which, according to one of 
he latest medical theories, would de- 
ermlne whether the patient was suffering 
.'rom tuberculosis. 

These tests were applied In four ways. 
Tuberculin was instilled into the eyes, 
rubbed on the flesh of the child In the 
form of ointment, injected subcutaneous- 
|y, and in the fuorth, or scarification, 
test both bovine and human tuberculin 
was used. 


<-, n Bleckley 
erely re- 
gar, experiment- 
ers ,1 report of 
their work 

aterlal used' - Is the headline printed 
abo ; statement: 

"Practically all our patients were un- 
der eig-ht y< .ire and all but 26 of 
then, were inmates of St. Vincent's 
Home, an Institution with a population 
of about 400, composed of foundlings, or- 
phans ami destitute children. 

"The cases in the home were tested in 
routine by wards, irrespective of the 
conditions from which they were suffer- 
ing, and in the great majority of in- 
stances without any knowledge of their 
physical condition prior to or at the time 
the tests were applied." 

In the official medical report of the 
tests, the folowing three signatures are 
ittached, all of them prominents physi- 
s of the city: Dr. Samuel McG. Ha- 
mill, Dr. Howard C. Carpenter and Dr. 
Thomas A. Cope. Under the signatures 
of these physicians the following com- 
ment was made: 

May Destroy Vision 

"Before beginning the application of the 
conjunctival test (the eye. test) we had no 
knowledge of any serious results from 
Its use. It is unquestionably much easier 
bf application than the other tests, but 
pt has the great disadvantage of pro- 
ducing a decidedly uncomfortable lesion, 
land it is not infrequently followed by 
serious inflammation of the eye which 
not only produces great physical dis- 
comfort and requires weeks of active 
treatment, but which may permanently 
affect the vision and even lead to its 
complete destruction." 

The physicians add that in their ex; 
periments upon the orphan babies they 
had developed ei t cases of conjunctivi- 
tis, or eye disea»e, two of them severe 
permanent, six severe and recurring 
and two which developed cornel sores. 
The admission, made in an authorized 
medical publication, of this test made up- 
on orphan children by prominent physi- 
ologists, has aroused a storm of protest 
among leading citizens here. 


Monday> April 18, 1910 
uh i c io ma i <i. 

Miss Sadie M. Hays Arranges a Con- 
cert For «M4a»d People) 

Members, Mostly Poor, Read 
Unique Magazine With Fingers. 

Sadie M. Hays, Grafton street. .. 

concert for the benefit of 
rsons. It will be in board of trade 

will play the cornet and 

Fyrberg, baritone, will sing. 
Mice Reynolds Russell will give 
banjo ^>< 

II A. Bennett will read. 
Mrs. Alice Forbes and Mrs. Sarah Hil- 
dreth will :- 

wwi. w : ' n d unjon . : G ) 




It's j|(|&?nt Little House in 

Windsor Place and Sightless 

Ones Love It. 


Down in a quaint section of the 
borough, in a little sunlit road, 
snuggled in between two streets and 
barred off from them by low iron 
gates, with flower beds in the centre 
of the road and little red-bricked', 
gabled houses rising in rows on either 
side, for all the world like a setting- 
filched from one of Dickens' novels, 

meets the Blind Women's Club. 

The street is Windsor place, the 
number of the house 11, and here the 
visitor, after plunging through a lit- 
tle brick arch and stumbling up four 
or five narrow stone steps and 
through a short hall, finds himself in 
a neat, brightly papered room, near 
two windows bordered with trailing 
flowers, with pleasant furniture, a 
piano filling the space opposite the 
two windows and a small hand-organ 
at right angles to it. 

If nothing else betrayed the pur- 
pose of the room a curious-looking 
white-leaved book, like a scrap-book, 
covered with white dots arranged in 
curious patterns, lying prominently on 
a table nearby, probably would. It is 
the magazine of the blind, published' 
monthly in Manhattan, the gift of 
Mrs. Matilda Ziegler, and the great- 
est epoch probably in -the lives of the 
"People bf Darkness" yet attained. 
Unlike the usual order of books for 
the blind, this one follows the pattern 
of more conventional magazines and 
contains a complete account of cur- 
rent events as well as short stories 
and special articles. 

Mrs. Josephine L. Austin, president 
and founder of the club, voiced the 
need of an inventor who shall earn 
the eternal gratitude of the blind peo- 
ple, as well as cover him or her self 
with distinction and glory, by perfect- 
ing a method whereby the laborious 
system of writing backward in the 
"point" system, now necessary for 
blind writers, may be overcome. In 
order that the writing may appear in 
the left to right order of ordinary 
print, characters in the point system 
must now be inscribed backwards by 
blind writers, thus imposing double 
work. For writing purposes, brass 
and wooden "slates" with small cells 
for the making of the raised char- 
acters, are employed. 

Mrs. Austin spoke on the work of 
the club, and its chief difficulty — that 
of obtaining guides to bring members 
to the meetings and of sustaining in- 
terest in its work. Unlike the sim- 
ilar organization in Manhattan, the 
Brooklyn club exists through its own 
efforts and contributions. That per- 
(Jlaps the work would be easier and 
"he members of the club grateful 
should some charitable body or group 
of persons in sympathy with the or- 
ganization take up and supplement 
its work, Mrs. Austin admitted with 
an almost involuntary sigh. 

"I don't know why, but ft seems 
to be the rule that poverty and loud- 
ness go hand in hand. Our memr/ere 
are mostly poor and we find it h:?lS2 
to do all we would like to do at times. 

"Our chief difficulty lies in obtain-' 
ing guides to bring members to the 
meetings. If we had sufficient money, 
that would be one of the first things 
we should do— see that all the mem- 
bers are furnished with guides to con- 
duct them safely through the streets. 
Sometimes our meetings are very 
poorly attended just on this account. 

"People have been very good to us 
at times, however. Miss Spooner heard 
of our club last year and gave us a 
theatre party and, oh, dear, (here 
Mrs. Austin sighed again), we did en- 
joy that. He had a theatre party of 
our own recently in Manhattan, and 
that was treat, too. We also attend- 
ed the benefit given ht the Montauk 
Theatre to Tom Hayden, the blind 

Mrs. Austin seemed to feel her 
visitor's gaze fastened on the musical 
instruments in the room, for with- 
out his asking she explained most of 
the members of the club were "mu- 
sical" and played some instrument or 
other. That was the chief amuse- 
ment of the blind, she said. Then she 

explained that the purpose of the $ k- 
club was to promote sociability among ' 
the members and to interchange ideas. 

"We usually have a discussion and 
a little music and some refreshments. 
Sometimes some one is good enough to 
volunteer us a little entertainment in 
the way of story-telling, reciting or 
singing," she said. 

At the present time there are six- 
teen members in the club. They come 
from all parts of the borough, but 
if possible they all manage to be 
present on meeting nights. Two out- 
ings are planned for this summer and 
the members are looking forward to 
them with keen anticipation. 

R. Ijox9s, Me.. Vvrt-m vm* * C'!I| 

FRIDAY, APRIL 11. 1S10. 

A constellation of St, Louis million- 
aires will scintillate more or leas bril- 
liantly Friday night at the Odeon In a 
playlet by Moses Fraley, which has been 
christened "Undiscovered Stars." 

The entertainment will be a "Society 
Vaudevllle, ,, and will be for the benefit 
of the iyi»si..CUrls' Home. 

Among the undiscovered stars will be 
Henry W. Peters, Saunders Norvell, Ed- 
wards Whltaker, R. H. Stockton, Ed- 
ward Devoy, Charles W. Holtcamp and 
Murray Carleton. They will be sup- 
ported by Mrs. S. C. Black, Miss Agnes 
Conrad, Miss Florence Kyte, Miss Cora 
Holthaus, M. Alfred Bertrand, Leon 
Gale and Demster Godlove. 

Others In the ShoTf. 
Other features of the evening will be 
two playlets: "Mary— A Case of Mis- 
taken Identity" and "The Invited 
Guest," a farce by Miss Grace Hadley; 
a "balloon ascension," by Tony Vdn 
Phul and the Misses Anita and Norma 
Hermann; A. H. Gale Jr., a German 
comedian, In "The Greatest of Musi- 
cians," and Mary McCausland, the 
young* girl violinist. 

There will be etereopticon views re- 
produced from, the $100,000 collection of 
J. W. Young, said to be the finest In 
the world; and a professional vaudeville 
act by Folette and^Wlcks. j 



\ - 

M#»»AY, APRIL IS, 1010. 
President Jttudsoru of theboard of 
tlfcttee* *PlJth e Michigan BwHUoy- 
melt^lr^tion fo £ Ote^ nd f / v f\ , . n s 
tne city Mon*r7~btt state* that his 
visit was purely one on private bus- 
iness and would say nothing >" ™" 
gard to the appointment of the next 
superintendent. > 

'»£» ; 


,1P r 


THURSDAY. APRIL 14. 1510. 

Programme Varied in Scope 
1 m£°To Mark Blind Girls' Benefit 













As they will appear in sketch for benefit of Blinfl rfftfrls 1 Home. 

A balloon ascension, classic dances ''all- 
star'* act and "Undiscovered Stars all 
|o to makeup a widely varied programme 
for the Blind Girls' Home benefit at the 
Odeon to-morrow night. 

Business men as well as amateur and 
nrofeisional talent have been obtained for 
the nro °ramme, which includes Miss Cecil 
Falke iWenstein in picturesque dances, 
assisted by the blind girls in Greek noses. 

S Louis von Phul in an ascension is an- 
other feature. Miss Mary McCausland, m 
her violin solos, will he accompanied by 
K. R. Kroeger. Two playlets. "A Case of 
Mistaken Identity" and \The Invited 
t" will have in the cas\ well-known 
amateur actors. 

There will be an "all-star\ act, com- 
posed of professional talent arawn from 
the local theaters. 

WajitV vx tKeV . \TUTcVtl3* ■ 


In this town, March 23, Phebe C. Pit- 
man, itsred 71 years. Services at her 

late residence, Saturday, at 10.30. 

> ^— » — ^*— — — ^— 1^» — i^ — 

In Memcriam — Miss Phebe C. Pitman. 

Men called it "blindness" that o'erspread her eyes 
And made the lily only perfume sweet, 

That shut out sun and moon and stars 
And Earth's bright playground from her feet. 

But she had sight of rarer, bluer skies 
Than Earth's lair firmament could ever give; 

God's love had opened up new portals to her sight 
And gently taught her how to live. 

No sight of eye could hide from her away 
Sweet Memory, decked in garments light, 

As she came tripping on her way 
Her arms clasped full of blossoms bright. 

Nor could the eye of man behold 

The "open door" to God's Great Heart of Love, 
That sent each hour sweet messengers of grace, 

To bring good tidings from Above. 

So, as we watched her patient, sweet control, 

And longed in tenderness to lift her into sight. 
She was already on the border land, 
Where once again He'll say, "Let there be 

Christiana Luther. I j 
Nantucket, March 24, igio. 



Tony Von Phul went up in the air 
', Friday night at the "society vaude- 
ville" given for the benefit of the 
Blind Girls' Home, at the Odeon. Von 
Phul was accompanied on the trip 
through the clouds, during a storm, 
by Harry Lee James. The balloon 
skit by Von Phul and James was one 
of the big hits of the show. 

Jokes were at the expense of promi- 

nent local people. When the balloon 
left the stage James asked Vfc/i Phul 
if he didn't see two men running. 

"Yes," answered Von Phul. "It's 
Folk and Francis running for the 
United States Senate." 

The "undiscovered stars" turned out 
to be prominent business men. Their 
act created much discussion. The "un- 
discovered stars" were Henry W. 
Peters, Sanders Norvell, Edwards 
Whitaker, R. H. Stockton, Edward 
Devoy, Judge Charles W. Holtcamp 
and Murray Carleton. 

Miss Cecil Lowenstein in classic 
dances and blind girls in classic poses 
scored a hit. Miss Mary McCausland 
played violin solos. 

A number of extras were on the 
programme among which was a short 
illustrated lecture on "George Inness, 
the Master Emotional Painter of the 

Nineteenth Century," by J. W. Young, 
an art critic of Chicago. The slides 
are said to be the most wonderful I 
ever made. > 

The little three-act farce entitled 
"Mary," was very well done and was 
one of the big hits of the entertain- 

The big Odeon was crowded to the 
very doors and it was said by those 
Who promoted the affair that it was a 
big success. 






Teaehinjptiie Sight^is the Way to 
Ind^ieifience ^Washington. 


Department of Library of Congress 

Which Is Doing a. \ohle Work; 

for the Afflicted. 

Miss Etta Josselyn Giffln, who is the 
rant in charge of the room set apart 

' '" ^~_ ^lilHl in tnr T~ i IT I Library of 

Congress, has an obliging manner and 
her willingness to explain the objects and 
aims of her department cause visitors to 
realize that here in this wonderful na- 
tional building is to be found on© of the 
most philanthropic works in Washington. 

The room over which Miss Giffln pre- 
sides as friend, librarian, and teacher -t>» 
and for the blind contains 1,300 books, 
printed in raised letters, known as Braille, 
New Xork points, line type, and the 
Moon system The doors are open 
from 9 o'clock in the morning until 4:30 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

Miss Giffln meets each blind person at 
the entrance, takes him by the hand, and 
somehow he immediately seems to feel 
less fnely, less desolate. 

The e sightless people take great pride 
and pleasure in their "very own room" 
and not only read the books, but copy 
many of them, to be passed on to others. 
As the seeing visitor enters the door his 
attention is attracted by a glass case 
filled with fancy work, such as knitted 
hoods, slippers, purses, beaded berts, &c, 
done entirely by the blind. This work is 

kept in the library simply for inspection. 
There is a bureau of exchange for the^ 
blind, the crystallized thought of Miss 
Giffln, at 112 East Capitol street, where 
articles like these from all parts of the 
United States can be bought. Over the 
door of this room is written the word 
"Tifliofilo" (friend of the blind), and as 
if to make the word good, the lady who 
lias charge here gives her services free. 

It is a matter of rejoicing- that many of 
the nonseein^ class since coming in con- 
tact with Miss Giffln and Mr. Putnam, 
the Librarian of Congress, have learned 
to earn their own living. In fact, teach- 
ing the blind the way to independence is 
the chief thought of the leaders in this 

Near the case filled with fancy work In 
the library is to be seen a superior raised 
alphabet, also a newspaper made from 
plates designod by a Japanese who lust 
his sight during the war with Russia. 
There are also some Chinese specimens 
the blind may enjoy by touch. But per- 
haps the most pleasing thing in the room 
is the Matilda Zi egler Magazine. This 
magazine w a .9 1 ulffi'tfe cl '" fn ' 1906 by Mrs. 
Ziegler, of New York, who maintains it 
at a cost of $20,000 annually, and is her 
gift to the blind of the United States;, 

_«~" J .' 


'$ and 

- then, too, there Is the piano, where 
those who have learned to read raised 
notes may pass away the time with 

Miss Giffin does much work outside of 
library routine without money and with- 
out price. She answers letters from many 
parts of the world In regard to her de- 
partment and weekly arranges for lec- 
tures, readings, and musicals. These are 
freely given, by the best talent of the 

In 1902 Miss Giffin attended the interna- 
tional congress on the blind at Brussels, 
at Edinburgh in 1905, and Manchester in 
H908. She will also visit Vienna land 
Brussels this year in the interest of her 
chosen work. 

N. Y. MORN. SUN (28T5) 


3UNDAY, APRIL 24, l$10. 

He Gave It to the Court to Be Given to 
First Honest Vagrant Who Came Before It 

Utica. April 23. -4" You have lots of poor 
fellows brought before you who have eyes 
t<V«Cff^prjin|sf gn the world," 6aid an 
aged htmdMaLm City Magistrate O'Con 
nor of/t\u^clty in Camden, N. Y., last 
night./ "But a man cannot see much 
happiness anywhere when he is hungry. 
I haven't any money to spare, but give 
this dollar to the first honest hungry va- 
grant brought before you in court." 

The aged blind man gave the Judge a 
dollar bill. William Schwanberg, 21 vears 
of age, of New York city, got that, bill 
to-day. He was brought into the city 
court hungry, penniless, friendless and 
without work or possibility of getting any. 

"I want to get back to Xew York," he 
told the Court. "I'll have to walk it and 
if I could get a little something to eat the 
trip wouldn't look so hard to me." 

The Court told Schwanberg where the 
dollar bill came from, and the young man 
received it with a gladness it wasn't neces- 
sary for him to express. 



At 3.20 fn th| Massachusetts Charles 
J. Glidden accompanied by William 
Heinrichs, the blind singer in Dr. 
lid ward Everett HaT frti i » c hurch of 
Boston and E. P. Shiibley of the Bos- 
ton Globe made a balloon flight fro™ 
Aero park in Pittsfield. 

The balloon rose genly and in a slight 
breeze drifted in the direction of this 
city. At #-45 it .was directly over Ch3- 

Saturday, April 


BENNINGTON, Vt.. April 30— One 

of the most remarkable balloon trips 

ever made ended horn when Charles 

j. Glidden's bfg gas bag Massachu- 

ts after a two hours' flight from 1 . 

Pittsfield, Mass.. was safely brought 
m earth by a man totally blind— Wil- 
heliri Heinrich, tenor of the Old South 
Church, Boston. Throughout the voy- 
age, which once attained a height of 
4500 feet, Heinrich made copious 
notes recording his sensations. At the 
highest altitude he composed several 
verses which he intends to set to mu- 

The ascension was made at Pitts- 
held ai 3:20 1'. M. lu the basket were 
Mr Glidden. who was piloting the 
bag: Frank P. Sibley of Boston and 
thl blind singer. Bising to a height 
lif about 1000 feet the balloon eucoun- 
^fciil Minds which carried it across 
tho^Housa tonic valley and to this 
town. ' 

So i'nr as known. This is the hrst case 
Oil record of a. blind man making a bal- 
loou passage. Heinrich described his 
trip as intensely exhilarating. He said 
that he could detect the rise of the 
balloon only bv the escape of ballast. 
The balloon descended 3600 feet in 15 
minutes, but Heinrich said he fcad not 
noticed the fall. 

When the bag was still 200 %et up 
the drag ropes were thrown oA and 
made fast. Heinrich was given 
trol of the gas valve at the dire 
of Mr. Glidden. In this way he brc 
the bac to the ground in one of 
gentlest alightments which the 
S»an ba'lloouists with him have ever 

TVmK, M 


i i i> 




Burlington, Vt., April 29.— That a blind 
man had no idea of locomotion or distance 
While being whirled through the air in 
a balloon, was established to-day when 
William J. Heinrich, blind soloist of a 
Boston church, made lTTe*'TrTp~>r>ewn Pitts- 
field, Mass., to this city. . 

Heinrlcti was the guest of Charles S. 
Glidden, the aviator, and the trip was 
made for the especial purpose of testing 
just what sensations a sightless man 
would experience in the air. 

"I wouldn't have known," he saic 
a ^°r th e trip, "than we were more than 
a toot above the earth. Occasionally, 
when a good breeze careened the car z 
trifle, I noticed it as I have noticed th< 
same thing on a sailboat, but I had nc 
notion of speed. 

"It was a novel thing to undertake; 
buj»I cannot say in a way that it wa.< 
aj#experience. Only I know that wher 
Jm the future I want a balloon trip 
pell I have to do is to hitch one by a 
six-foot rope to my back veranda and 
imagine that I am sailing around the 

The balloon was afloat about two hours. 
There was a light breeze near the earth 
but the upper currents were compara 
tlvely quiet, which accounts for the fac 
that only thirty-two miles in a straight 
line were covered in the two hours. 

"With Mr. Glidden and Mr. Heinric" 
was a Boiston newspaper man, an. 
while the- -aviator was busy managin 
the balloon, the blind singer told jus 
how he felt. Heinrich weighs about 20 
pounds, and so is not of the type t 
have nerves and imagine things. 

Oi-oss currents made it impossible t 
travel over the shortest route, and it 
stimated that the balloon's average spee 
was about twenty-rive miles an hour. Th 
highest elevation attained was 4,500 fee 
and at one time a drop of 3,600 feet wa 
made in fifteen minutes. 

Heinrich had no knowledge of ascend 
ing or descending, save when the pulniv; 
of the valve cord let out the gas, am 
thereby the odor he realized that thj 
11 craft should (be going down. Jr 

Saturday, April 30, 1910 


"Pleasant and Exhilarating," Is the 
Comment of William J. Heinrichs of 
Boston-Voyage Was From Pittsfield 
to Bennington, Vt. 

Bennington, Vt., April 29,-The first blind 
man in the world to undergo such an «•" 
perience, William J. Heinrichs. he sigl 
feS tenor soloist of Boston, with Chari 
X GHdden today in the balloon Mass ac 
setts made an airline flight of 32 mil 
from Pittsfield, Mass., to this place, lart 
ing here about two hours after ascendm 
i Tlthoueh Mr. Glidden was the pilot, Mr 
SSmade the landing, pulltaS the 
valve open when the balloon was 200 ft. 

ab En routed intervals during the two- 
hour trip, the unseeing air-sailor recorded 
lr sensations, making notes by means of 

^Te^Fd'xhflaraeing" Is the way 

2 S ib ^rX rl =; sScfand^ 
tion for' tife time being. It Is wonderful^ 
The balloon, which included Frank » 
Qihlev a Boston newspaperman, among its 
passengers, left Pittsfield at 3.20 p.n 
landed here almost exactly two hours ,.ter 
■Most of the time a speed of about 2o miles 
an hour was maintained. The highest ele- 
vation attained was 4500 ft. At one time a 
drop of 3600 ft. was made in 15 minutes. 

Yet Mr Glidden's unusual passenger 
couW not detect any evidence of this swift 
descent and learned of it only by bemg 
?oTd by WS companions. The smell of he 
P «<ii)in" gas. however, gave him a clue 

, t"hP car left the ground. When 

The'ba loon was moving parallel with the 
earth Mr. Heinrichs was able to feel nc 

m T ne n flibt h ofthe Massachusetts is M 
first made from Pittsfield this year. 


— ' ■ 

Published every day In the year by the Boston Herald 
Company, 171 Tremont Street. 


(Tew York No. 1 Madison Avenue 

Chicago 112 Dearborn Street 

Washing-ton 1422 F Street, N. W. 

Telephone Exchange S000 Oxford 


Daily (per month 25c), per year $3.0» 

Sunday, per year 2.50 

One cent per copy extra for postage in the Boston 
postal district; foreign postage extra. 

Entered as second-class mall matter. 

SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1910. 

Heinrich Composes Verses at 
Altitude of 4500 Feet and 
Pilots Great Gas Bag During 
the Descent and Landing. 

[Special Dispatch to the Boston Herald.l 
BENNINGTON, Vt.. April 29— One 
of the most remarkable balloon trips 
ever made was ended here at 5:20 
o'clock this afternoon, when Charles 
J. Glidden's big gas bag Massachu- 


setts, after a two hours' flight from 
Pittsfleld, Mass., was safely brought 
to earth by a man totally blind— Wil- 
helm Heinrlch, tenor of the South Con- 
gregational Church, Boston. Through- 
out the voyage, which once attained a 
height of 4500 feet, Heinrlch made co- 
pious notes In the Braille point sys-: 
tem, recording his sensations. At the 
highest altitude he composed several 
verses which he Intends to set to 

The ascension was made at Pitts- 
field at 3:20 o'clock this afternoon. 
In the basket were Mr. Glidden, who 
was piloting the bag; Frank P. Sib- 
ley of Boston and the blind singer. 
Rising to a height of about 1000 feet 
the balloon encountered winds from 
the south which carried it across the 
Housatonic valley, with Mt. Greylock 
on the left, over the town of Will- 
iamsburg, across the state line and 
into the town of Bennington. 

So far as known, this is the first 
case on record of a blind man making 
a balloon passage. Heinrich de- 
scribed his trip as intensely exhiler- 
ating. He said that he could detect 
the rise of the balloon only by the es- 
cape of ballast and he could not de- 
tect the fall of the bag at all. The 
balloon descended 3600 feet in 15 min- 
utes, but Heinrich said he had not 
noticed the fall. 

When the bag was still 200 feet up 
the drag ropes were thrown out and 
made fast, stopping the flight. Hein- 
rich was then given control of the 
gas valve, and, at the direction of Mr. 
Glidden, permitted the gas to escape. 
In this way he brought the bag to the 
ground in one of the gentlest alight- 
ments which the veteran balloonists 
with him have ever seen. The land- 
ing was made on the Jennings farm, 
half-way between Bennington and 
North Bennington. 



Wilhelm Heinrich First Blind 
Man to Make Balloon Tn> 


Blind Singer, Who Made Balloon] Trip from Pittsfleld to Bennington. 

Enjoys Flight and Composes Song at 
Altitude of 4000 Feet. 


BENNINGTON, Vt, April 29— "The 
sensation was delightful; if I could 
afford it I should arrange at once to 
go for another trip; as it is, I shall 
certainly go again at the very first 
opportunity," declared Wilhelm 
Heinrich tonight as he stepped out 
of the basket of the balloon Mas- 
sachusett after a trip of 32 miles 
in a straight line through the 
from Pittsfleld. Maw 

Mr Heinrich, who is the tenor so- 
loist at the South Congregational 
church in Boston, is sightless and 
is believed to be the first man in 
that condition who ever took a trip/ 
in a balloon. He displayed not the 
slightest nervousness at any time, 

Ifrt 3 

ndeed sat most composedly writing 
a song as the balloon mounted to 
the 4000-foot level going over the 
town of Pownal. 

Mr Heinrich was accompanied by 
a Globe reporter, Charles J. Glidden 
of Boston was in charge of the as- 
cension as pilot. 

It was Mr Heinrich's first ascen- 
sion, the reporter's second, Mr Glid- 
den's 40th, the first this year from 
Pittsfield and the 60th that has 
taken place there. 

No "Sense of Hight." 

Besides giving Mr Heinrich a 
novel experience the trip had for 
its object the solution of the ques- 
tion whether man is supplied with 
a real sense of hight. 

The man who sees has all his 
sensations modified by the gaze over 
the edge of a balloon basket into 
the void below. Does the sight alone 
warn him of the danger of that 
great emptiness or would a man 
deprived of sight "feel himself go- 
ing up"? 

Mr Heinrich answers "no" to the 
question if there is a sense of hight. 

"Except as the basket gave, as 
the reporter or Mr Glidden moved 
about, I should have believed the 
basket stationary," he said. "If I 
iad been asleep when we started, 
ind had waked after we were up 
n the air there was nothing in my 
sensations which would have for- 
>idden me to step right out of the 

"Of course I soon learned to know 
vhen we were ascending for we 
melt the leaking gas then and at 
10 other time. I could not tell 
vhen we were descending by my 
iwn sensations. 

"When I first asked where we 
vere and was told we were 1500 
eet from the ground, I experienced 
he utmost astonishment. I had 
•een assured by Mr Glidden that I 
v-ould have no rough experiences, 
>ut I could not believe it as easy 
nd as agreeable as it is. It is as 
learly as possible what I should 
magine floating in the air to be. 

Most Delightful Sensation." 

"It was the most delightful sensation 
^ver experienced, I cannot yet realize 
iaN^have actually done it. It was all 
o natural and simple; there was no 
olding your breath, no fright nor fear. 
t was as if you were perfectly in har- 
mony with nature, in accord with your 

"Glidden is a wonderful man to go 
vith. I felt confidence in him from the 
/ery first, though I felt as though he 
was perhaps making it as easy for me 
is possible. 

"As we rose the chief thing I noticed 
was the fading away of the sounds 
below us. The individual voices were 
lost, then we heard only the railroad 
trains and finally nothing but the sough- 
ing wind in the woods on the mountains. 
Tien, of course, as we came down, I 
hetrd people's voices again." 

Mr Heinrich understated this last, 
whenever anybody below shouted to 

the balloonists he whooped back at 
thein, laugmng iiKe a aeiighted school- 
boy. ' 
Mr Heinrich both started the trip and 
landed the balloon. He turned on the 

gas at the main in Pittsfield to fill the 
huge envelope and he pulled the valve 
cord which let the gas escape when the 
balloon settled into a newly bowed field 
of oats belonging to F. B. Jennings, two 
miles north of here, and made the "first 
touch" of the basket to the ground. 

Inflating the Balloon. 

The party went out to Aero park on 
the grounds of the Pittsfield gas com- 
pany at 1 p ui. There was a falling 
barometer, a sky on its way from a 
briljiant morning to a rainy evening just 
turning cloudy. There was a fairly 
brisk southwest breeze. 

As the great yellow circular patch on 
the ground filled with gas it became 
first a mushroom, then a pumpkin, then 
an orange and finally a glorious golden 
globe. The men ran around it, hooking 
the circle of ballast bags lower and 
lower. The netting was made fast, to 
the overhead wooden ring and the great 
basket was attached. 

To a sightless man standing among 
the somewhat excited people in a very 
cool breeze the thrashing of the rustling 
slack of the envelope and the anxious 
commands of Mr Glidden might have 
been a somewhat nerve trying experi- 
ence. Mr Heinrich never gave a sign 
if he did feel it. 

Start Made at 3:24. 

At 3:10 the two passenger.s and the 
pilot got into the basket. Then came 
the trying process of "balancing" the 
balloon. The start was made at 3:24, 
Mr Glidden dumping nearly a whole 
bag or sand to get a good initial rise. 
The balloon went up at a very sharp 
angle northeast and the crowd below 
shrunk into mere specks in an instant. 

On the outside of the car hung coiled 
an anchor rope attached to a stout 
anchor, a bag in which it was intended 
to bring the balloon home again and 
two trail ropes which were intended 
to uncoil and hang down 350 feet below 
the basket. Mr Glidden began svork at 
once before the upward rush Had 
stopped by cutting the lashings on 
these trail rones. 

Now they were not hung In clean, 
open coils with a stop round all the 
tvrns, but were done up after a newly 
invented plan, the devisement of that 
lumous aeronaut, Mr Forbes. They 
were supposed to uncoil themselves 
when they dropped. They did nothing 
oi the kind. They braided themselves 
into poorly made doormats instead. 

Mr Glidden didn't like the looks r.f 
the bunches of two-inch coil cables 
below; besides they were snarling each 
other. Mr Glidden had to watch his 
barometer to see where the balloon 
was going; Mr Heinrich was busy with 
his sensations. It therefore devolved 
upon the Globe reporter to haul those 
two 350-feet two-inch hawsers into the 
car, untangle them and let them out 

Passing Mt Greylock. 

Ballooning is hard work and there 
isn't much scenery , about it. When 
what could be done had been done, one 
trail rope trailed properly and the other 
one was a discouraged-looking tangle 
on the floor of the basket. Mr Hein- 
rich sat down on it. 

Pittsfield had retired around the cor- 
ner of a hill. A river wound fantas- 
tically underneath through a checker- 
board of plowed fields and green fields, 
and all the world beside was a lovely, 
peaceful gray. 

"That is North Adams," said Mr Glid- 
den, pointing to a white huddle of 

To its left was a portentous moun- 
tain, with what looked like a crater 
in its top. A capricious breeze, felt 
only as random whiffs in the basket, 
seemed determined to send the Massa- 
chusetts straight over its top. In a few 
moments, however, it became apparent 
that the balloon would only mount one 
shoulder, and as the sky travelers 
drifted past the mountain took a more 
familiar shape. It was Mt Greylock. 

straight as, an arrow, the couise lay 
over Williamstown. A baseball game 
was going on. Dozens of automobiles I 
toot- .i: up faint greetings. Almost be- 
foi-j <me c "Uld realize that the town 
was icheu it was passed. The Mas- 
saw tts was floating up a broad, 
placu. valley straight northward toward 
a wicked-looking, peaked-looking busi- 
ness like mountain, and ' here came 
a nice question of piloting. 

Called fcr Quick Decision. 

The balloon had started from a place 
3050 feet above sea level. It had gone 
almost at once to the greatest hight it 
reached, 1500 feet above the sea. Then 
it had drifted along, losing hight slow- 
ly. To keep it going along about on a 
level Mr Glidden had thrown out sand. 

file at a lime, until now he had less 

"SS^cS&n that . the balloon 
could not clear the mountain ahead, lo 
rise would mean either, to use up the 
last of the ballast, which could be done 
onlv at the last emergency, smce it was 

Sow? tha" * ikely to be needed ^ ll } e 
strenuous time of landing, or else to 
throw overboard something not intend- 
ed for ballast. 

The only alternative was to make a 
landing on the hither side of the peak. 
The decision was clearly up to Mr Glid- 
den. It called for quick judgment. 

"O isn't it a shame to £tpp, mourned 
Mr Heinrich, and Mr Glidden decided to 
cross the mountain into the tempting 
vallev beyond. The balloon case, neatly 
rolled up in its netting, was dropped 
into space and the Massachusetts rose 
buoyantly. In five minutes it could be 
seen that she would clear the peak. 

Some of the anxiety of the occasion 
was spared to the reporter, who was 
Tiaving another friendly argument with 
the second trail rope. The rope linaiiv 
dropped out with a mere curl in its 
tail, nothing that could be called a tan- 
gle. It was a fine job. 

Making Notes for a Song. 

A'll the way up the valley Mr Hein- 
rich sat with his braille cards and sty- 
lus calmly making notes for a. bal- 
loonist's song. He knew very little of 
the narrow margin by which the top 
of Mt Anthony was missed. 

The Massachusetts was traveling fast 
now. The upward shoot carried her to 
4000 feet and then she began to sink 
fast. As a weight-carrying device she 
was all in and as a matter of record 
she came down 3050 feet in 15 minutes. 

Ahead was a nice grassy field, then 
a railroad, then a river, then a plowed 
field, then a road, a trolley line and a 
charged overhead wire and then more 
mountains. . ... 

The trail rope missed the railroad, 
dragged handsomely through the fringe 
of trees on the river bank, splashed in 
the . water, tautened for a moment on 
the hither bank. 

Mr Glidden handed the valve cord to 
Mr Heinrich. Below small boys and big 
bovs were coming from all directions 
on" the run. whooping with excitement. 

"Take hold of the rope," shouted the 
pilot and the boys settled back on it 
like a tug-of-war team. 

"Pull," said Mr' Glidden and Mr Hein- 
rich pulled. *-..., , 

The valve at the top of the envelope 
opened and the balloon settled toward 
the ground. The boys pulled and Mr 
Heinrich pulled and the Massachusetts 
bumped Tier basket easily on the 
ground, then rose some 50 feet 

Mr Glidden yanked the rip cord and 
a great gash ran down the balloon's 
upper half. She came down and she 
staid down and more than 100 people, 
including the Misses Walbrldge, were 
already on the spot. 

Landed in Oatfield. 

"Where are we?" asked Mr Glidden. 

"In the oat field of Fred B. Jen- 
nings," said a young man who proved 
to be Colbert E. Lyon, a director of 
the chamber of commerce of Troy, 
N Y. "You are just north of Ben- 
nington, Vt, on the road to North 
Bennington and about 2 miles from 
the state lipe of Ne^v York." 

The two boys who first caught the 
trail rope were Arthur and George 

They were helped by William Smith 
Conant Robson, Barton Hillard an< 
Harry Matthews, and they said the 
river was named Walloomsac. 

Henry Sharkey and a volunteer forci 
of neighbors helped roll up the bal 
loon and a farmer loaded it on to hif 
wagon and hauled it to Bennington 
whence it was shipped back to Pitts 
field tonight. It had come 32 mile 
in an air line in exactly two hours 
Owing to the vagaries of air current 
it had actually traveled more th^ 
40 miles. 

Its first rise was 3700 feet in I 
minutes. The direction was gener 
ally northerly from Pittsfield, passin 
Dalton across Lanesboro, Cheshire, t 
the left of Adams, over New Asl 
ford, Williamstown, Pownal. Vt, an 
south to Benninston. 

Mr Glidden said: "Aside from tr 
trouble of untangling the trail rope 
the voyage was unusually pleasan 
It was especially interesting from tl 
fact of Mr Heinrich's presence. If 
placed himself with wonderful cou 
asre in the hands of new made frieni 
and made as entertaining and enthi 
siastic a passenger as any of the 

40 trips." 


; (9 ft M 


Monday, May 2, 


S Still elate with impressions received in 
the high air, Wilhelm Heinrich, tenor, 
conversed amii bly. at the Bay State 
house, yesterday afternoon, of his recent , 
balloon trip. 

The blind singer relates his experience 
in a manner that gives the listeners a 
desire to emulate him in an ascent 
through the clouds. 

So far as is known, there is no other 
man without sight who has made such a 

Tpeaking of his balloon ascension he 
said: "The trip began at Pittsfield, where 
! through the courtesy of Charles J. Glid- 
den in whom I have the greatest con- 
fidence, I was with him in his balloon, 
the Massachusetts. The voyage in the: 
air lasted about two hours. We landed^ 
in Bennington, Vt., at 5.20 p. m., Fri- 


"We attained a height of 4500 feet. I 
made notes of the journey and also wrote 
some verses which I shall perfect and 

^ExhUa^ati'ng is the word to describe 
the sensaUon I did not feel that we 
were risinff except as the ballast escaped. 
Though we descended 3500 feet in 15 min- 
utes at one interval in our trip, I did 
not notice It. I had no feeling of the 

^Sce^SSSSi through a cloud. The 
only sensation was of dampness on my 

Ia -When we were still 200 feet in the 
air the drag ropes were thrown out and 
faVtened stopping the balloon 1 was then 
'allowed to control the gas valve, permit- 
ting the gas to escape as Mr. Glidden di- 
rected me. In this way we came safely 

t0 4he th senslt?o e n?'save for exhilaration 
were largely mental, psychical. Time and 
space were obliterated. It was as if one 
were in a dream, Moating regardless of 
actualities. You know how it is. You 
have had such dreams. 

••It was not like those one may dream 
under a tree in summer because being 
in the currents all the time, we felt no 
breeze. There was a distinct difference, 
ig from one current to another but 
it was that of warm and cool, rather than 
of anv more definite sensation, At one 
time I was so warm that I wanted to 
remove my gloves. My ear drums being 
more sensitive than those of a seeing 
person, I detected changes of atmospheric 
ire on them. 
"But these changes were all so slight 
and agreeable that it was like a dream. 
I felt no difficulty in breathing, as we 
arose lusher and higher. Though I was 
a little bit timid, perhaps, just before we 
cleared away from trees and wires, yet 
my confidence in my guide soon returned, 
and after that I felt nothing bur. security. 
When we were sailing at the rate of 2o 
miles an hour, I had no sense of mo- 
tion. ... 

"Perhaps one of the strangest things 
about my trip and one that I have not 
mentioned before is that I found echoes 
in th< Now, how could there be 

ithout something like rocks, 
other sounding board to throw 
■:%'.' Could it have been the bal- 
back to me the j 
- of the song I was singing? That is I 
my theory, but I would like to know 
more about it. 

"We ate some sandwiches, but not be- 
cause of any particular hunger. We did, 
however, feel thirsty, very thirsty, after 
we descended, and we then drank much 
"One might say that ballooning in such 
instances as I have described is like 
floating on angels' wings. It is-Jike noth- 
that I had experienced before. It is 
not at all like riding in an elevator. There 
is no nausea, no physical indisposition 

"One feels as if he could go on and on 
forever in such a craft. It is something 
like sailing on a smooth sea. 

"I was writing my notes, as we. were 
descending, and J did not know that we 
g doWn, 


Monday, May 2, 1910 


were coming 

till Mr. Glidden told 

me. I exclaimed in my disappointment 

uing, for I felt 

ncy never to end, 

~ " nu , su , al and so indescribably 
like a beautit ul dream." li ^^ 

me. j. «ei,uiiini in my disappointment 
that we were not continuing, for I felt 
I wanted the journey never to end, 

fSJ\ ur-niciiol s\ »-, ,1 „ — i » nil 

it was ro 


Eminent Doctors, Interested by 

Child's Sketches, Operate on 

Eyes Successfully 

Roxbury girl whose eyesight has been restored. 

^ Sketches showing remarkable talent, 

made by a little Roxbury girl during 
three years of total blindness, have re- 
sulted in the restoration of sight to the 
nine-year-old child. 

The drawings of birds, trees and dol- 
lies brought little Rose Doherty's case 
to the attention of eminent specialists. 

They determined tojbring back the 
?ower of sight to the big blue eyes c 
the diminutive sketcher. 

By a rare operation they succeede 
and now "Rosebud," as she is known 
the neighborhood of her home at 29 M 
Pleasant avenue, can see as well as aj 
little girl. 
















Medical men consider the cure remar 
able, but the- sketches which the chi 
made have Interested them as deeply < 
the restoration of the sight. 

One eminent physician stated that r. 
had never before known of a blind perscj 
displaying such ability for drawing. 

"Of course the impression of things ah 
had seen before stricken blind remained i 
the child's mind," said this physicTar 
"but nevertheless, I have never In all m; 
experience seen child or adult, who ha< 
once possessed sight, being able t^o pro 
duce such sketches after blindness came.' 

"Rosebud" also became an accom- 
plished pianist during the long period oi 
darkness. There is no instructor to claim 
the credit, for by constant practice alone 
did the child become acquainted with the 
mysteries of the piano in a neighbor's 

And now that she can see again little* 
"Rosebud" has taken to her drawing, 
with an earnestness which tells of the, 
artist's yearning. 

Those who have seen the child predict 
that some day she will acquire fame. 

During her blindness, when tired of 
whiling away the moments with music, 
"Rosebud" would amuse herself by draw- 

While her right hand placed on the 
sheets of paper accurate yet roughly fin- 
ished pictures of birds, flowers and dolls, 
her chubby left hand performed the duty 
of placing each drawing so that it would 
not run into its next one. Once she drew 
the picture of a broken stump of a tree 
and then deftly placed on its top a bird, 
in a manner that even those who have 
eyes to see with, would find hard to 

"She has the talent and it only requires 
development," said a visitor at the 
Doherty home yesterday. , 

At this the mother of the girl glanced 
sadly about the modest home, and tears 
trickled down her cheeks as she ex- 

"It is my prayer that the child may 
get the proper training. But that costs 
money and 1t is all I can do to support 
the home by hard work. 

"Rosebud's father is an Invalid, so the 
entire burden comes on me. I have a 
boy of five years, and you may imagine 
that the task is not easy. 

"I am not complaining, for I am over- 
joyed that the child can see once more. 
But I wish it would become possible for 
her to get instruction under an artist." 

Eyes Poisoned by Moths 

The affliction which cost Rosebud her 
sight resulted from brown tail moth 
poisoning settling in her eyes when she 
was six years oV&. 

During the past year prominent physi- 
cians learned of the child. The doctors 
examined, 6tudied and pondered over her 
condition until at last, after a conference 
with her parents, who were financially 
unable to afford the expensive medical 
treatment necessary, several well known 
doctors arranged a method by which the 
child might receive treatment at the 
hands of those skilled in eye ailments. 

It was decided that the only hope lay 
In an operation. Removing her to the 
Homeopathic Hospital on Concord street, 
the doctors made one of the most deli- 
cate operations performed In Boston 
for years and successfully removed the 
cause of trouble from her left eye. 

the little girl gradually regained 

her strength after the ordeal both phy- 

her parents were overjoyed 


at her announcement when the bandages 
were removed that she could distinguish 

It was decided to operate on her right 
eye, and in the same manner the poison 
which was gradually destroying the optic 
nerve was removed and again she was 
taken home to recover from the effects 
of the operation. 

"When the physicians removed the ban- 
dages she announced that she could see 
quite readily, but she was kept in a dark 
room for some days, until the eyes be- 
came stronger to the light of day. 

Kept Up With Her Class 

The little girl's education was not ne- 
glected by the painstaking parents, who 
dallv read to her from her school books 
and talked over the small problems ui 
arithmetic, and that her brilliant littl^ 
mind absorbed it all is evident from her 
ability" to re-enter school with the class 
she was forced to leave. 

Recently "Rosebud" was allowed to re- 
turn to her school on the promise that 
she would not study too hard, and it 
was here that the labor, of her parents 
in keeping her tutored proved its value, 
for without apparent effort she has kept 
up with her studies from the first. 

The case has attracted wide attention 
from physicians, and the medical jour- 
nals have devoted columns to the disease, 
its working and its cure, all based on 
little "Rosebud's" case. It is said to be 
the first case of its kind. 

The physicians to whom belong the 
credit for this feat of medical science 
are: Dr. Alonzo K. Paine of 366 Com- 
monwealth avenue, Dr. David W. Wells 
of the Hotel Westminister, Dr. Samuel 
A. Kimball, 229 Newbury street ; Dr. 
Jacob M. Hinson, 739 Boylston street, and 
Dr. Arthur W. Fairbanks of 591 Beacon 
street. The latter is caring for the 
child during her convalescent period. 

"Rosebud" is just "awfully thankful" 
that she can see papa and mama again, 
while the four physicians who devoted 
themselves to their profession for its in- 
terest, and medical science in general, 
are thankful that they discovered a suc- 
cessful method of combating a new and 
jmzzling disease. 





Alleged to have laid a schime to de- 
fraud Mrs. Mary Balana of Maiden out 
of $2000, Victor Terra was yesterday 
held in $2500 bail _ in the City Police 
Court for the grand jury. Terra, it is 
charged, met Mrs. Ealana in the North 
End and told her he had been > be- 
queathed $15,000 to build a home for 
the blindj^»*asking her to add $2000 
more Mrs. Ealana at the last min- 
ute became suspicious and had Terra 


MAY 10, 1910 

Friends of Deal-Mutes to Meet 

In the vestry of Park Street Church on 
Thursday, at 3 P. M., the annual meeting 
of the New England Home for Deaf Mutes 
(aged, blind or jnfirm) will he held. It is 
the hope of Rev. A. Z. Conrad, D. D., the 
president of the trustees, that all who are 
interested in the progress of the home will 

Boston <mass.y bveninw b&rbha 

Tuesday, May 10, WO 


Mrs. Mary Ealans Got Suspicious oi 
Terra's Charity Scheme. 

Victor Terra, charged with an at- 
tempt to steal $2000 from Mrs. Mary 
Ealans of Maiden, was he** In $2500 
for the grand jury by Judge Par- 
menter in the municipal court today. 
Some weeks ago, meeting Mrs. 
Ealana in a restaurant in the North 
end, It is said that he told her that 
KajiajLieen left $5000 by his father to 
IKedto aid the «!«k ami the blind. 
Mrs. Ealans promptly said she would 
give $2000 toward building a home 
for the blind. Later she became sus- 
picious and had Terra arrested 
When arrested, Terra had a roll of 
newspaper clippings, on the outside 
of which was a bogus $100 bill. 

Terra was also arraigned In the 
municipal court this morning before 
Judge Parmenter on the charge of 
assault with intent to kill Maurice 
Rosenthal of 5 Dwight street whom 
it is alleged he shot in the shoulder, 
and of assault on Benjamin Finkel- 
stein of 218 Paris street, East Boston, 
whom it is alleged he hit over the 
head with a bottle. Both of the al- 
leged victims sell flowers and were 
attacked on the street. On the as- 
sault charges Terra was held In 
$0000 for trial Thursday. Terra has 
a record and can speak seven lan- 
guages fluently. 



{Wednesday, May 11, "910 

The New England Home for "Deaf 
Mutes (aged, *tWfcl or infirm), will hold 
its annual meeting tomorrow afternoon 
at 3 o'clock in the chapel of Park 
Street Church. The annual election, 
of trustees will be part of the bu^F 
ness. ^r , 

• y. 


; • 

iY mm 

"Whistling Percy" Gives Up 

Chair Caning, and Lawyers 

and Business Men Will 

Be His Patrons. 




Owns His Home and Supports 

Aged Mother, Who Reads 

The World to Him Daily. 

Blind since early boyhood and the only 
support of a widowed morher, Percy 
Cannon, better known as "Whilstling 
Percy," of Plainfteld, N. J., has masU'-ed 
the intricacies of the typewriter and ex- 
pects eoon to abandon chair caning to 
operate his newly purcnased machine as 
a means of livelihood. Percy Is fasci- 
nated with his new undertaking and 
les 'to do a thriving business in the 
;ittle home he purchased with the fruits 
:iis toil at Xo. 83-1 West Second street 
When seen by a reporter for The 
World a day or two ago Percy said: "I 
will gladly tell you of my affliction and 
how I have struggled to overcome ad- 
veristy, and, if you prefer, I will write 
it myself. It is good practice forme, and 
I never tire of writing on my type- 

Percy went on to say that he had been 
promised all the work he can do by 
Plainfteld lawyers and business men, who 
will first dictate their matter in a phono- 
graph and then turn the records over to 

This is Percy's story, told in his own 
words and written by himself on his j 
new typewriter: 

"With the hope that it will serve to 
comfort and encourage others similarly! 
afflicted, I wlil tell you of the blight : 
that fell upon me early in life, and how 
1 struggled along to support mother. I 
was born on Staten Island in 1872 and 
at the age r of three years removed with 
my parents to Plainfteld. My father was 
a silk finisher, and as there were eight 
of us children h*e had to struggle to 
make ends meet. Father died soon af- 
ter we came to Plairiflela, and one after 
another the children were taken off un- 
til only a married sister and my mother 
were left. Mother and I live alone. 

"I went to the public school when five 
years old, but a year later, following an 
attack of typhoid fever, I lost my piglit. 
ien eight years old I was placed in 
the School for the Blind in New York 
City and' there remained for eleven 
years. They gave me a good education. 
When I returned home I soon realized 
that mother was g eeble and it 

was up to me t living:. T put 

on my sign, Perry TV. Cannon, Blind 
Chair Can< Tuner. We 

lived so far out work came 

slowly and I I tried ped- 

dling beads 

learned to I this was ! 

tedious work. idily I 

enough, but it i.o long to make 






<<• to take the part of «. * 

Unhealed, that-iTwii .T" ^ "'' *""' 

ter aee a 8 . 8rTe t0 en °°"™** « 

I hem. 

I tn 

Plainlield ar - on ihel 

work done in i for the Blind.} 

7 was well paid Dirk, but the 

territory wai d and I could 

not go over ground too often,' 

and I abandoned if. All the while my 
mother cheered told me all 

would come out well in the end. In 
1900 our home was burned to the ground 
by a spark from a locomotive. Then 
w<_ moved closer into town and bought 
! little lome with what I saved from 
in\' lectures. 

Waives Success of Ills Shop. 

"I again hung out my sign and '-'oon 
II the v nng 

ould do. This won; is \ 
ifinlng and arduous, and twi 

health gave out. an 1 to 

let up. I still do a little caning, but I 
can't work the day through at It, Then 
I conceived the idea of building a little 
-hop in front of the house. I wrote to 
nany of my good friends, and they 
< ntributed toward the cost of the. s'tore. 
It is finished now, and the bulk of the 
ivm-if t did myself i am selling candy. 
soda water and cigars and tobacco ancl 
soon hope to have enough capital to] 
carry a full line of groceries. I have? 
been promised the agency for a coal 
and wood concern, and this may in- 
crease our Inco 
tu.ty v ujb i puB 'ssiai a';uo oq ji qsijd 

-UIOOOV 11130 SUO l.TJUAl SI 3i„ 

believer in the old adage that All things 
ne to him who waits.' I met a friend 
lay or so ago who said he would 

make me sub-agent for his real estate 

firm. He thinks I 








^^M^^p»a~ ^ ; ' _ 

' rum des that" I am blind. I 

told him I thought a blind man can do 
anything he do- 

"I cut all I • we burn at our 

home and in the shop. 1 can't .see where 
I am striking when 1 swing my axe. but 
I never miss, and I can cut as much 
go man. I hive a 
garden in :he rear of- the house, and I 
raise ch I do all the svorlf about 

the place myself. My chickens pay 
fairly well; that is? when I can keep 
the neighbors' cats away from them. 
Blind Boy's Whistle Comfort* 

"You might be interested to know why 
I »i called 'Whistling Percy.' I culti- 
vated the habit of whistling hymns as 
I went through ;.!:e streets of Pdaitifield. 
There is a poor, old crippled woman who 
lives in our ho rarely leaves Iter 

hon wrote to her sister in i 

cago ! great comfort 

from her window and listening 

to . lospel hymns as 

he ] ows the comfort even 

ilnd man can unconsciously bestow 
ed so long as his heart 
Is clean and he is happy and cheerful. 

"I connected myself with the church 
early in life, and I derive much com- 
fort through my associations there. I 
I taught a class of little girls, and now 
T have a Bible class for young men. I 
luently testify at prayer meetings, 
and once in a while I address the mem- 
bers of the Y. M. C. A. They all tell 
me. they bett'ieve me to be the hapjpiest 
man among them, and I gue&s I am. 
I believe blind people can be of great 
use in this -world if they are good and 
determine never to give up the ship. 

"My mother reads the New York 
World to me every day, and I am a 
great admirer of the splendid influence 
it wields. It is always willing and 
anxious to take the part of the weak 
and needy, and I hope-the story I have 
o will reach -me of those who 
also are afflicted and, should they be 
down-hearted, that it will serve to en- 
courage them to better and greater 

deeds." , , . -a , 

Cannon is a warm admirer of Helen 
Keller, whom he knows very well. He 
says his correspondence with her when 
his days were darkest went a long way 
toward urging him to fight the harder 
for the success which is now crowning 
his efforts. 


A notable achievement for the benefit 
of the blind is the first French-German 
dictionary^rjnted in Braille type. This 
work'tlBrnanded an extraordinary amount 
■ i minute and laborious precision and 
J^.8 carried out by Herr Karl Satzenhofer, 
who w himself blind, at the printing 
work* or the Vienna Institute for the 
Eduqftion of the Blind. 

It is the well known Langenscheidt 
dictionary which has been put into Braille 
type. The main difficulty was that in 
order to economize space the work had 
to be printed in what is known as the 
abbreviated type, which in France is 
different from the system followed in 
Germany, and called for an intimate 
knowledge of both systems on the part 
of the translator. 

Even with the use of the abbreviated 
type the work consists of five ponderous 
folio volumes. Among the first orders 
for the new work was one from Helen 
Keller. ^ 


fltT NPAJ, 2»IAY S, I9i> 

Pensions for the Blind. 

At present there i s much_dis£Hfisiflfl about 
the possibilities of t<W"WHI(r* i, SfflrTho blind 
certainly ought to be taking their places in 
the world, and keeping abreast of the times, 
or else they should be the recipients of gov- 
ernment pensions. But pensions really are 
not JlHfc^ssary, for the government already fur- 
>antages (Efficient to qualify most of 
dieted to^cope with the world along 
iertai^Knk. «ftVe fkave proof that this is true, 
from JHa y c ja.W i aj numbers are earning a 
comfom&lfcjrafrb«od. But there are multi- 
tude^ without employment, multitudes who 
coul«and should be earning an honest living. 
In states where the school authorities take the 
proper consciencious interest in the welfare 
of blind children, it is claimed that more than 
three-fourths of the former students are self- 
sustaining. In many instances, they not only 
earn a support for themselves, but for a fam- 
ily as well. 

Notwithstanding, were the question of a 
government pension brought before the people, 
it is very likely that the blind would be voted 
a pension, because the world at large has such 
a poor understanding of them that the average 
thinker is apt to regard them as a peculiarly 
helpless sort of people, having few character- 
istics and ambitions in common with the rest 
of mankind. The reason that such a conclus- 
ion is hit upon, is due to the fact that the 
blind appear at their worst when on the street, 
for at such times most of them must have a 
guide. Another common mistake among the 
sighted is, that they think they can best judge 
for themselves what the blind really can do. 
and the truth of the matter is that they seldom 
ever do hit upon the actual drawbacks. The 
blind should do whatever tney attempt, well ; 
and when they do a work well, it should be 
tolerated by the sighted; for their opportuni- 
ties are limited at best. Perhaps it would be 
a good idea to grant them pensions when their 
lives aro well nigh spent, for most of them 
cannot earn a salary sufficient to enable them 
to save up an income large enough to provide 
for old age. Gertrude Jones, a 

Alabama. M 

■■miViii.! tm 




Blind young American singer who hasj 
made a success in Berlin, and who Is 
described as the "Helen Keller 

w ay " :1 » "i 910 




Worcester Treated to an Un- 
usual Demonstration By 
Workers for Temperance 

Worcester saloon keepers had a new 
one passed out to them last night when 
a party of temperance workers, simil- 
ar in some ways to the famous Cru- 
saders of '74, made a visit to some of 
the places and tried to win over to the 
temperance platform the habitues by 
singing hymns and making addresses. 
The party was headed by Miss Cath- 
erine Leonard, superintendent of 
Bethel Mission in Mechanic street, and 
the singing was led by Miss Grace Al- 
len, the bl ind sol flijf*- With them 
were Mrs BTffirna Hall, Miss Alice 
Wheeler, Miss Grace L. Howe, Mr 
Worth and Ernest Maylott. 

They made their trip at the close 
of the regular service in the Mission 
and put in the time between 9 and 10 
in front of the saloons, where they 
sang such hymns as "Where is My 
Wandering Boy Tonight?" and "Rock 
of A^cs.'* 

Many of the frequenters came oul 
of the saloons and they were exhorted 
to remain out. while big crowds as- 
sembled to see the unusual demon- 

WILMINGTON, DEL., MAY 16, 1910. 



"The Bishop of D— ," by Victor Hugo, 
Printed in Braille Type for the Blind. 

On the shelves of the free library for 
the blind in this city and on the shelves 
of some two score other such libraries 
throughout the country is being placed 
today the memorial to Rt. Rev. Leighton 
Coleman, Bishop of Delaware, in the 
form of a book to be read with the fin- 
gers of the sightless. The book is' Vic- 
tor Hugo's beautiful story of 'The 
Bishop of D — " from his greatest work, 
'\Les Miserables," in fact by many critics 
considered the greatest work of fiction 
ever written. The memorial, whie 
eeems for several reasons a fitting test 
jnonial to our own good bishop by hi 
loving friends, has been put into th 
hands of the blind by the subscript io 
of a score of the friends of the sightless 
in this State for whom he was a worker. 
It has been long since the subscription 
was made, and the Moon edition of the 
memorial was put out nearly two years 
ago, but the Braille or dot system of 
tangible print has been delayed because ■ 
of the demand for literature in this sys- ' 
tem. It will, however, be none the lisa 
welcome for this delay. 

Victor Hugo stands in the front rank 
as a literary genius; as a poet, as a ro- 
manceer, as a philosopher, the great 
Frenchman has no equal. Like Dickens 
he aimed his shafts at the cruel inju 


iui mertimes, DUt so aeep was his per- 
ception of humanity that he reached far 
be.vond those present evjls, and., -with 
Shakespeare, "held the mirror up to na- 
ture." and in his work we read today 
the history of our own souls. ine 
Bishop of D-, called by the people of 
his diocese, "Moneignor Welcome, _ is a 
delightful picture of the purest Christian/ 
fife in its perfection of modesty and hu- 
mility. In many respects the charactei 
reminds us of our own "good bishop 
Mho walked so democratically among his 
fellowmen and so unostentatiously exer- 
ted a power for good in secular as wen 
as religious and philanthropic fields. >o 
matter what your party or denomina- 
tion, albeit vour cause was just, be was 
ready to listen and help, whether it re- 
dounded to his self emulation or not 
The memorial to the Rt. Rev. Leighton 
Coleman begins with a short sketch ot 
the Delaware prelate and a tribute of the 
subscribers as follows: -/^ 

"In rnemoriam to Rt. Rev. Bishop 
Leighton Coleman. Bishop of Delaware, 
1827 to 1907. This book, embossed 
through the liberality of the friends of 
the blind of Delaware, is a loving tribute 
to the memorv of their friend and co- 
worker. Bishop Coleman. Our "good 
bishop,' whose father was born m Phila- 
delphia, received his academic education 
in that city. After live years of busi- 
ness life he entered the General Theo- 
logical Seminarv of New York City, lie 
was made deacon in 1861, ordained priest 
in 1862. and consecrated bishop in lbbb. 
He filled many pulpits and spent several 
vears in England. He married, in 1861, 
Frances Elizabeth, daughter of Alexis 
JuPont. He was the author of several 
religious works and essays, aud was 
deeplv interested in religious and philan- 
thropic associations and fraternal orders. 
He was an altruest of the broadest type, 
loved children and nature, spending va- 
cations on long solitary pedestrian tours 
incognito. He was much interested in 
the work of alleviating the condition of 
the blind, and was most influential in 
pioneering that work in Delaware. In 
his life and work his generous philan- 
trophy and self-denial he was a veritable 
'Moneignor Welcome.' " 

Then follows the story of "The Good 
Bishop" from "Les Miserables," conclud- 
ing with the last days of darkness when 
he was so tenderly eared for by his de- 
voted sister. It is in two volumes, and 
will be eagerly read by a large class of 
the blind. 

The books were published by the Howe 
Memorial Press, a printing outfit at Per- 
kins Institute for the Blind, at Boston,! 
in memory of Dr. Howe, the pioneer inj 
the education of the blind in this coun| 

ing them in an exact line is not such 
, difficult feat for a person who who 
•an see, but for a man to do the job, 
who is entirely blind it is remark- 
able Piece of work. Yet this has been 
done by Geo. Samuels, of Fair street, 
Uo many years ago lost both his eyes 
in an explosion in the iron ore mines. 

Some time ago Mr, Samuels pur- 
chased a lot of ground adjoining his 
property and decided to put a fence 
around it, so he purchased the goods 
and in doing so he was very particul- 
ar that each of the pieces of timber 
was perfectly straight, depending en- 
irely upon his sence of touch to tell 
whether they were just right, and 
then he put his two sons, Fred and 
Thomas at work to dig the post holes 
and planted the posts. 

The two young men did this work 
they thought exceptionally well, but 
when, their father inspected the job 
he told them emphatically that it 
wouldn't do, and he said he guessed 
in order to get the posts in StragM 
he would have to do it himself. The 
next day he spent in digging up the 
jposts, and then he started digging 
new holes. In a remarkable short 
time he had the posts re-planted and 
then called the sons and showed them 
what he had done. There the posts 
were in a straight line, not varying an 
inch. The boys admitted that then- 
father even though he was blind, 
could plant posts far better than they. 
This is not the only work that Mr, 
Samuels can do, for he also takes care 
of the garden, and when it comes to 
pulling out the weeds he is never 
known to mistake a plant for a weed. 
Around the house U can do all the 
'work while he often times comes down 
town without assistance. 

^t t 


Monday, May 16, 1910 


r RG 

IT, ( 

MONDAY, MA$ 19, 1910. 


George Samuels Tears Out 

Posts His Sons Had Not 

Planted Straight. 


sightless for Many Years, This Man 

Gets Around Without Aid. 

i — • 

Planting posts around a lot and get- 

f "As 


As !W n 1 


i's teeth are so Is he," says 
att> one of the talkers at the 
conference In New York, 
tfeek. He said that in no other art or 
science has so much progress been made 
in the past quarter century as in dentist- 
ry, and that it is fortunate for the human 
family that it is so, because more of the 
ills may be prevented right m the moutn 
than in any. other part of the body. But 
the most important discovery of all those 
of the dentists, has been made recently, 
the doctor declared, which is that the 
health of the entire body depends upon 
the condition of the teeth, and the sur- 
rounding tissue. This is the strong way 
in which he put the claim: "It has been 
ed that the dental end of a nerve 
manifest itself in the eye, causing 
pprary blindness; that It can mani- 
' If in tffffaar, causing temporary 
n manifest itself in 
'the muscles, causing temporary paraly- 

St. Louis. Mo. 

Globe-Democrat IZ'I'J 

MONDAY ^JAJ 16, 1910. 

f Blind ■ GfrlsHStrawberry Festival. 

■i*ha annual strawberry festival will be 

given at the Blind Girls' Home. 5235 Page 

! avenue, to-morrow afternoon and even 

ing. The Blind Girls' Home Board 

serve as a reception committee. 

lWMH3-K?:T:s. N. Y., BA«TJKtS| 

FRIDAY, MAX W, 1910. 



Care of Blind 

,' o o 7 ■> t 





Family Physician ojr Famous Actress 
lieves She p Doomed to 

The repo 
of indi 
of _ 

tiee. showed 
thusiasm the work 


redneeday.— No hope is 
preventing Mrs. F. C. 
who was Clara Morris, the 
actress, from becoming blind. 

Dr. B. H. Belcher,.«tt***«.Tnily physician, 
stated to-day that every possible, effort 
was being made to cure Mrs. Herrlott of 
her aliment, but that her sight was falling 
eo rapidly that It was difficult to see how- 
eventual blindness could be prevented. . 

Council Women Suc- 

mmittee on the care 
e of the committees 
ish Women, read by 
the chairman of the 
with how much en- 
was carried on. Out 
of the seventy-five cases referred to it as 
a result of investigations made, fifty-eight 
are being cared for regularly. Of these 
thirteen are totally blind. Ten cases re- 
vived medical aid. two of whom were 
greatly benefited. Those in financial die- 
tress were assisted in that way, and 
through the very kind assistance o£ Dr. 
Oswald Srhlockow, onp of the blind men 
was provided with a typewriter. 

During the last week of May in the 
vestry rooms of Temple Israel, Bedford 
and Lafayette avenues, the blind children 
will be given an entertainment. Further 
arrangements for this are being made by 
the committee on ihe care of the indi- 
gent blind. 

Beginning in October the Hospital and 
International Guild of the Brooklyn sec- 
tion of the Council of Jewish Women 
will begin to work. Mrs. Mendelson, the 
chairman of the committee In charge of 
the work, has planned to appoint, ten 
"captains." who will in turn select ten,' 
directors, who will form one committee., 
This committee will select ten members,* 
[ who will in turn select ten other women') 
to co-operate with them. In this war 
it is hoped that, these committees will 
donate the different sizes of clothing and!' 
outfits. A donation day will be held in } 
the fall and a tea is being arranged for 
■hose who will donate to this Hos 
and Institutional Guild. On that occasion 
it is hoped thai the trio. Mrs. Mendelson- 
Mrs. P. Herrmann and Mrs. Julius Reiner 
who entertained the members of the 
council so pleasantly Monday, will ren- 
der selections. 


mymmxK, N- 

_ Pfr- ,--.— y» l" 1 ')'!' 





SATURDAY, MAJ5 21, 1910, 

Sf.'Wffiw^h's dome for the Blind, in 
charge of theS^ster^oL^L. Joseph of 
Peace, Pa'voniaaWTWIjTeraey City, is 
one of the institutions that will benefit 
to the extent of $4,000 by the terms of 
the will of the late Richard Huncheon, 
of Laporte, Ind., who left $100,000 to 
various Catholic establishments 

throughout the United States. 

OTM^'X X. 

r. CT'RD-r:-:rc»; c-y 

SUNDAY, }[AX &, 19i0. 

asks j\ia lor tne 

Industrious Bli 

EverylifRrt, big and little, is being 
mad/jBsf now by the philanthropists 
inteA:sted in the Industrial Home for 
Blind Men, 512-516 Gates avenue, to 
increase the resources of the institu- 

The management of this home is of 
the sightless, by the sightless and 
for the sightless. Eben P. Morford, 
the energetic superintendent, is tot- 
ally blind. The men whose industry 
he organizes are earning their living 
in a self-respecting way. They are 
all cheerful, and many of them are 
.clever workmen. 

Mr. Morford has sent out many 
copies of the following appeal: 

"Dear Sir — The eagerness and, un- 
der proper conditions, the ability of 
the adult blind to help themselves 
have never been appreciated as it is 
to-day. it is now a matter of daily 
demonstration that, under proper 
supervision and encouragement, there 
are many things they can do by 
which they may become at least par- 
tially self-supporting and conse- 
quently self-respecting. 

"Workshops and industrial homes in 
many large centres of population pro- 
vide the supervision, machinery and 
materials for manufacture and find a 
market for the finished product. Ihey 
also pay a fair wage to the blind 
workman. Wkhout such organized 
assistance similar wages , would be 

"That !s" the work of this home, 
which now gives employment to 42 
blind men and which might employ 
many more were the funds at hand. 
Its record of usefulness during the 
past fifteen years is its best plea for 
your interest and support. 

"Will you not give up a portion of 
your personal interest and financial 
help that we may give occupation, 
which means happiness and a higher 
standard of manhood, to a larger 
number of our sightless neighbors? 
Your ch^ck, however small, will be 
appreciated, but a personal investiga- 
tion of what we are doing will be [ 
even better, for we feel sure a more 
hearty and more generous support will 
follow a more intimate knowledge of 1 
our work. 

"Asking your careful consider^ 
of the. above, I am, in behalf 
long suffering class, very respect 
yours, E. P. MORFOR1 


If of al 
set fully! 
lent." J 

George J. Stevens of Meflford, who 
•has retired from active "business', as a 
frequent visitor to iSomervilie, call- 
ing on his sister, Mors. Ella M. Davis 
of 23 ThorndLfce street. He Jias jhj- 
tveirtefl a Braille writer by which see- 
ing people can write to their blind 
fiends. •■■ 


Sunday May 29, 1910 


BERLIN, 'May 28.— Miss Leila Holter- 
hoff of Los Angeles, Cat, an attractive I 
and unusual singer, who has been blind ] 
since babyhood, has just made her debut ' 
in the concert world in Berlin and has 
received by far the most gracious criti- 
cisms of any American artist who has 
studied in Berlin within recent years. 
The notices that appeared in the Belgian 
and French papers were as flattering 
as those in German periodicals. 

The musicians of Berlin are enthusi- 
astic in a prudent German way. Oc- 
casionally they release a favorable criti- 
cism/ but normally they tear down with 
calmness and deliberation. 

Audience Went Wild 

After Miss Holterhoff had sung the last 
number of her "Lieder" evening, with 
songs from Schumann, Schubert, Brahms, 
Hugo "Wolff and Hugo Kaun, the people 
reached the "stand-up" and "bravo" 
period of German appreciation, which is 
more than complimentary to an Ameri- 
can on this side of the water, where 
German critics are on the watch for a 
good opportunity to criticise adversely. 
Miss Holterhoff said that she heard the 
critics folding their programmes in order 
to write upon the blank side, and was 
also conscious of the scratching of the 
pencils, but that after the first awful 
moment, calmness came and she went 
through the evening with the greatest 
possible assurance. 

"I was very happy that night that I 
could not see my audience," said the 
singer, "and I sang without the slightest 
distraction and with the pure joy that I 
feel in my work." 

Miss Holterhoff is a soprano. She has 
a sweet, soft voice and she sings taste- 
fully and with a great deal of warmth. 
She has musical intelligence, too, as 
was shown by her interpretation of so 
classical a programme as her Ber- 
lin debut included, but it was the 
naive simplicity of her delivery that won 
the hearts of her listeners. The critics 
say that her light, flexible voice will 
also lend itself naturally to coloratura 

As a result of the favorable criticisms 
Miss Holterhoff has received a number 
of important engagements for next win- 
ter in Germany. She will remain to ful- 
fil them, later going to America to tour 
the States, where tlyere is little doubt 
of a fruitful season following her un- 1 
usual success abroad. 

Miss Holterhoff was born in Ohio, but 
moved with her family to Los Angeles 
at the age of 3. "Thank the fates," 
she said, "because I love the land of 
beautiful sunshine." 

Her education ■ was systematic and 
practical, so much so that she taught 
Latin for two years after graduation. 

"My father felt that I ought to possess 
some practical means of supporting my- 
self," she said, "as voices are uncertain 
quantities, but I found school teaching 
a very difficult profession." 

Miss Holterhoff speaks a number o 
languages, and her friends declare tnai 

Blind American singer, who has made a 
hit in Berlin. , 

they came to her as a gift, but her 
teachers assured me that she is a tireless 
worker, learning many complete grand 
opera roles, including "Salome," which 
she will never have an opportunity of 

When only a child Miss Holterhoff de- 
veloped a boundless love for the piano, 
and would sit for hours "playing house" 
with the keys. "The piano was my house 
and the keys were the families," she 
says. "Ali the sharps were men because 
they were black and strong. C and C- 
sharp were the mothers and fathers, and 
B, because it was a half-tone lower down 
and, therefore, weaker, was always a 
baby. I later studied with Thllo 
Becker, the teacher of Olga Steeb, the 
California pianist, who has been my 
friend since childhood." 

Not until she reached the age of 17 
was Miss Holterhoff permitted to study 
singing. She was sent to Paris and be- 
came the first pupil of Frank King 
Clark, who taught her tone placing and 
other fundamental necessities. Next she 
went to Italy and worked for two years 
wlth-^enor Vannuchini, who gave her 
training in all »the old Italian arias along 
with the Italian style and method. 

During the following three yeais Mme. 
Theresa Emeric of Berlin taught her 
interpretation and repertoire with Kap- 
ellmeister Fritz Lindeman, the famous 
teacher of the more famous Lilli Leh- 
mann. She speaks favorably of a Chi- 
cago teacher, now resident in Berlin, 
with whom she has worked for six 
months. "He has something in tone 
work that no one else has and his nat- 
ural placing of vowels is wonderful." 

Stage appearanc.e has been taught her 
by Francis MacLennan, the American 
tenor of the Berlin Royal Opera House, 
diction by Stark of the Residenz Thea- 
tre, head of the Yale School of Music. 

"Though I am an American," says Miss 
Holterhoff, "I adhere to the German cus- 
toms and try to represent my country in 
the best possible manner. I did not come 
for a few months. I have been" here for 
years, and I feel that for all the kind- 
ness and goodness that I have received 
at German hands it is but a small con- 
cession on my part to conform to their 
-ocial creeds. I even have my laundry 
work done on Thursday, as all good Ger- 
mans do, because the great-great-grand- 
mother of Frederick the Great had this 
particular labor performed on that day." 

As dainty and ethereal as Miss Holter- 
hoff is, she is very witty and human, 
and lends an understanding ear and a 
smiling face to other people's interests. 


BLIND l^lAINlbl 


Mi<feAgij?htless by Accidental 
Explosion of Shotgun, He 
Grains Musical Education and 
Wins a Livelihood in Cleve- 
land: May Be Famous Some 

Bennett F. Sperry, 14 36 East 26th 
street, Is only twenty-one and he's 
blind; but he has written a march, 
and thot-c who have heard him play 
i on .he much-fingered piano in his 
1 itle btudio on East 26th street, su- 
it is tlfui — that it represents 
the start cf a musical career that 
will bring fame and fortune to 

He rails it the "Cleveland Council 
March," and because it is his maid- 
en effort, has dedicated it to Cleve- 
land Council \*o. 1, International 
Federation of the Blind, of which 
he is a member. 

Sperry worked on the march a 
- long year before he finally had it 
ready for the publishers. 

First snatches of the melody flit- 
ted across his mind. Thesa his 
fingers gathered together and ar- 
ranged on the piano. In the end 
the tune was arranged in orderly 
fashion, ready to be scored. 

This was the difficult part. Sperry 
knew his march. It was written 
on the non-erasible score of his 
heart. But how to tell it to others 
— that was the question. 

He went to Eugene King, himself 
blind and well known to blind peo- 
ple. King told him to find Albert 
Krauslich. 1734 East 26th street, a 
musician, who was not blind. 

Sperry readily gained Krausllch's 

consent to score the music. They 

worked over it during many long 

hours. Krauslich was enthusiastic 

long before the end came. Now he 

diets that Sperry has the qual- 

- or a great musician. 

Sperry wasn't always blind. Until 

he was a hoy of eleven, he was just 

like other boys. Then one day a 

!y handled shotgun went off, 

there was a dazzling flash in front 

of his eyes and henceforth he waa 


V few months later Bennett's 

father, a lather at Burton, Geauga 

v, died. A half-year after the 

boy was sent to the state asylum for 

the blind at Columbus. 

He spent six years there. The sor- 
row of his thoughts, an ache in his 
breast for the bright, beautiful 
world forever gone from his sight, 
called for expression. The piano 
gave relief. He became an earnest, 
diligent student, and instructors in 
the conservatory of the institution to 
I this dav speak with enthusiasm of 

/ txar? 1 5J?XJ^R. 


the painstaking manner in which he 
prepared for the mastering of his art. 

At last Sperry left the asylum to 
i face the world. He was blind and 
| Inexperienced, but he had his music 
and he knew that somehow, some- 
where, he could wreak a living from 
the world. 

He came to Cleveland, and became 
a teacher of piano music. Gradually 
he built tip a patronage. 

"It isn't much," he says, "but it 
suffices now. I will do more." 

Sperry is writing a waltz. "I'll do 
more, after a while," he promises. 

The blind musician has had other 
h ard luc k. A bank failure at Burton 
^fJok $1,000, all he had in the world. 
But he isn't discouraged. 

lasteiit tEvonsmvt 

MONDAY, JUNE 6, 1910 


Outings for Men 

To the Editor of the Transcript: 

v/our readers very kindly assist each 
summer in the outings for men which 
Dr. Hale Instituted some ten years 
ago. We should again be glad of their 
aid. It is impossible not to make excep- 
tions to any rule, but the object of out- 
ings is to "assist temperate, self-support- 
ing and self-respecting men to a vacation" 
which will re-create them for their duties, 
even as a trip to Europe re-creates the 
tired millionaire. 

Cripples and blind people have benefited 
by the outing and have returned bettor 
fitted for their work. Ten dollars will give 
a two weeks' vacation. 

We ask a generous public to remember 
this work, which is peculiarly a lend-a- 
hand work, and send vacation contribu- 
tions to the LenJ-a-Hand Society, No. 1 
Beacon street, Boston. 

Mrs. Bernard Whitman, Supt. 

TUESDAY, JUI\ T 3 7, 1510, 



mcteVlfy^&t. Joseph's Home for 
the Blind otfflewtT 

A large assortment of exquisitely 
worked hand knitted goods, made by 
the irmates of St. Joseph's Home for 
the Blind on Pavonia Avenue, opposite 
the Court House, is on exhibition and 
for sale, in the Infants' Wear Depart- 
ment of the Furst Company's store. 
Tne entire proceeds of course will go to 
home. The Furst Company gladly 
consented to place the work on sale 
and the sisters in charge of the home 
realize that the goods will come under 
the observation of many more possible 
buyers than might be the case were 
the sale to be conducted at the home. 

The garments include caps, shawls, 
children's sacks and nightingales in- 
fant's wear, belts wrought in beauti- 
ful designs with silk wool, plate mats, 
bureau scarfs embroidered in colored 
■ silks, etc. An examination of the 
ids conveys a good idea of the great 
patience and skill of the sightless 
\nung and old women and girls whose 
handiwork they are. jJF 

.X. Y. TRTBUNE (2 87-7-} 



Unincorporated at Time of Will's Sig- 
nature, They Cannot Profit. 

stice Giegerich handed down a decision 
yesterday in an action brought by Will- 

[iam Bell Wait, jr., for the construction of 
the will of Miss Theresa Barcalow, of 

j which he was executor. Miss Barcalow, 
who was secretary of the Theosophical So- 
ciety, died on June 12, 1908, leaving bequests 
to several societies. 

The societies mentioned by Miss Barca- 
low in her will were the Society for Po- 
litical Study of New York City, the Wom- 
an's Health Protective Association of New 
York City, the Sorosis Carol Club and the 
Society for Providing Kvangelica! Litera- 
ture tor the.,BJ.iu4. Justice Giegerich said 
that Miss Barcalow _ meant the Toadies' 
Health Protective Association, and that 
the latter was entitled to accept the be- 

The court decided that the Sorosis Carol 
Club and the Society for Political Study 
were unincorporated at the time the will 
was made and could not receive the be- 

V — » 



N. Y. MORN. SUN (2 8? 5) 



One of Her Huties to See the Plays at the 
Theatre for a Bl ind Man— Interesting 

New Plan With His City Patients. 

"Last year I spent my summer holiday i 
in New York and not only paid expenses ; 
and laid up something for use in the. 
winter but I had a pleasant vacation be- 
sides." The speaker was a young woman 
from the Southwest who is working her 
way through college. "I devoted all my 
time to reading the new books and maga- 
aines to invalids and seeing all the attrac- 
tions at the best theatres for a blind 

"For the first time 1 realized what it 
means to lose your sight. This blind 
patron of mine had been a strong, vigor- 
ous man of affairs when the accident hap- 
pened that deprived him of his sight. 
His wife told me that at first he was so 
sensitive about his helplessness that he 
could not be persuaded to leave his rooms, 
wouldn't even go into the family sitting 
room . 

"Conditions were only a little better 
when I first went to him last summer. 
He had worn his wife out reading to him 
and accepted me as a substitute only 
when the doctor ordered her away for a 

"For the first few times I had to wait 
for his valet to get him seated in such a 
manner that I could not see his face. I 
don't believe I ever would have seen his 
face if t had not remarked one day after 
reading the theatrical news in a weekly 
magazine that I had seen the play writ- 
ten about but did not agree with the 
writer's estimate of the leading actor. 

"At once he began to question me aboul 
that play, then about others, until before 
I realized it I was giving a synopsis of th 
scenes and the actors of every play 
had seen in the previous siv months; 
Best of all, my patron had become sO i 
interested that he unconsciously turned 
his scarred face toward me and sat that 
way, apparently seeing as well as hearing, 
Until time came for me to go. 

"Out in the hall as I was leaving the' 
house the valet explained that his master 
had been fond of going to the theatre 
and he was sure if I could manage to go 
to a play now and then and tell him about 
it I would find it easier to get along with 
him. Before my next visit I made it 
convenient to take the valet's advice. 
It worked like a charm for entertaining 
the blind man, though I often found it 
difficult to answer his questions. 

"He would have liked me to repeat 
the entire play, which of course I found 
impossible. However, my failure in that 
respect led to a better understanding, 
for when he suggested that I go to see the 
same play again for the ^ake of making 
him more clearly understand it I was 
forced to say that I only went to the 
theatre once a month because I couldn't 
afford to go any oftgner. 

"When I left that afternoon it was with 
the understanding that I was to read to 
him three afternoons a week instead of 
two, as arranged by his doctor, and before 
each visit I was to go to the theatre. The : 
tickets were handed me by the valet. 

always two. so that I was able to select 
my own company. Being much better 
seats than I could have bought for myself, 
you can imagine how much I enjoyed 
using them aside from the business end 
of the affair. 

"This went on for three weeks. Then 
: his wife returned and I fully expected to 
be told that my services were no longer 
needed, but to my delight she was so 
much pleased with her husband's improve- 
ment that she insisted on my continuing 
my three afternoons each week. 

"It was after he? - return that we com-' 
bined our efforts to give him a comic 
opera then having a great run. The 
wife's part was to make the music. We 
both did our best, and though you don't 
as a rule enjoy being ridiculed, I don't 
think anything that blind man could 
have done would have pleased us as 
much as the scorn he heaped on our 
honest efforts. 

"He said if that was the best we could 
do he thought he might as well go to the 
theatre and borrow the use of his valet's 
eyes. Well he went with his valet and I 
thought that would be the. end of my 
position. Both the wife and the doctor 
were jubilant at getting him out of the 
house for the first time since his accident. 
Though I was glad for his sake I could 
not help feeling sorry on my own ac- 
count. It is not every day in the week 
that a girl can pick up a good paying 
position filling only three afternoons a 

"I think the doctor must have had some 
idea of how I felt for he gave me the ad- 
dress of an invalid patient of his who 
wanted some one to read to her and other- 
wise entertain her. I got the position. The 
invalid was an elderly widow and I un- 
derstood from her maid that she changed 
the women whc came to read to her al- 
most as regularly as the end of the week 
came around. They all begin on Mon- 
days, come back on Thursdays and leave 
on Saturdaj-s,' was the way the maid de- 
scribed it. 

"With that warning you can imagine 
how glad I was to get a message from the 
wife of the blind man asking me to come 
back. He had made two trips to the 
theatre, one accompanied by his valet, 
the other by his wife. What he wanted 
of me was to go to the plays, and tell him 
all about them and then he would go for 
the sake of hearing the lines from the 
actors. This worked so well that I kept 
it up until his wife took him South in Feb- 
ruary. They are coming back into town 
next fall and I am to begin work again 
the day they arrive. 

"What became of my old lady invalid? 
I read and talked to her so much about 
Colorado that she was finally persuaded 
or driven to follow her doctor's advice 
and go there for her health. You see 
after the maid told me about her numer- 
ous changes I realized that my only hope 
of being kept was to get her interested in 

"I had seen the wonderful difference it 
made in the blind man so I set to work to 
find out what her special fad was. When 
I consulted the doctor he laughed at me, 
saying he had been her physieian fox 
nearly twenty years and had never been 
able to discover any one thing that in- 
terested her two days in succession. 

"I asked if he had ever thought of send- 
ing her to any particular place and when 
he said she had once almost consented 
to go to Colorado I determined to make 
a desperate effort. When Thursday came 
I made my appearance in her pres- 
ence armed with an armful of magazines 
and newspapers, each containing inter- 
esting articles or stories about Colorado. 

"I began, the campaign by reading a 
short story the scene of which was laid 
in Colorado. Then I read descriptive 
articles about the natural beauties of the 
State. I was in the middle of the first 
of a series of article ~*21ing about the 
political situation out there when my two 
hours expired. At her request I finished 
the article and she asked me to be sure 
to bring the next in the series the follow- 
ing Saturday. 

"When Saturday came I had been taken 
back as reader to my blind patron, and 
while it was no longer of such importance 
for me to keep the position with the invalid 
woman I preferred to do so if I could. 
However, I made up my mind to take my 
dismissal pleasantly and to be on the 
lookout for something else to fill in my 

"Instead of the expected dismissal I 
was asked to get more articles on Colorado 

and one or two other places which my pa- 
tron named. She explained that her doctor 
had wanted her to go to these places, but 
as she knew nothing about them 6he had 
never made up her mind to go. Now, 
since Colorado seemed so attractive, she 
thought she would try to find out about 
the others before deciding just where 
she would spend the following winter. 

"It was well into the winter before 

she made up her mind. In the meantime 

I had been reading to her an hour a day. 

Half the time was devoted to articles 

and stories about the various places the 

j doctor had recommended to her and the 

I other bait vt> current magazines and 

j newspapers. 

"After my success with her that doctor 
declared he could fill all the time I could 
spare from my studies. He thinks it is 
a new method of suggestion, reading to 
people until they are just saturated with 
the thing you want them to do. 

"He says I never could have got my 
blind patron out of doors by reading 
him the news or telling him about things 
seen in the parks or on the streets, but 
once I got him interested in his old time 
fad, the theatre, he forgot his disfigure- 
ment in his desire to learn as much as 
possible about the plays I described. 
The reason he failed with his invalid 
patient was that he onljr|gave her statistics 
about the altitude and the temperature 
and named hotel rates at the places he 
wanted her to visit, while the readers 
read only the news of the day and books 
in which she felt no especial interest. 
This summer he has three invalids to 
whom I am to read and talk on specified 
subjects." , ] 


ada/, June 16, 1910 



,,« y 

pel! Cheerful Although 


Ninty-six years oTcT yesterday and blind, 
but cheerful and well, Mrs. Adeline Covell 
passed her birthday anniversary in the 
Home for the aged, Thorne stret. 

Mrs. Covell is a native of Canada. She 
was married when but 15 years old, to an 
Englishmman, Henry Covell, and, as she 
said: "That accounts in part for the good 
English I am told that I speak. 

'•I lost my sight from too much sewing. 
I used to work for the Gray nuns, help- 
ing to make garments for the orphans, 
and I was not idle, even when I was not 
with them. I worked there 14 years. 

"1 lived on a farm In Assumption, Can., 
till my father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. 
Jean Ven, tfied, when I went to live in a 
convent with the sisters of Notre Dam«. 

"I stayed there only a short while and 

almost as soon as I left I was married. 

My husband, Henry Covell, died during 

the Civil war, though he did not go to 

• war. 

"Before coming to Worcester, 51 years 
ago, I lived in Montreal, Vermont and 
New Hampshire. 

"My husband was a tinsmith, after his 
store in Montreal was burned out. We 
attended Sacred Heart church in Worces- 
ter before Notre Dame church was built. 
"I had 10 children, five of whom are 
dead. The rest are living in places out- 
side of Worcester. I have lived in the 
sisters' home 18 months, having come here 
from the home of my daughter, Mrs. 
Daniel Regan (Maria Eliza Covelli, Gard- 

"I have many grand-children and a num- 
ber of great-grand-children, also." 

Mrs. Covell attributes her long life to 
living on a farm in childhood, then to her 
peaceful years in the convent home 
among the nuns, who have alwavs been 
kind to her. She also says that staying 
out late nights gets one into bad company 
and is not conducive to health or old age. 
She believes in early marriages and does 
not admit that her marriage was under- 
taken when she was too young, though 
she would advise others to wait a year 
or two longer. 

She believes in frequent prayer, early 
rising and wholesome food, especiallv 
something warm for breakfast. 

"I have never called for a physician and 
l have cured many sicknesses with herbs 
that I brewed myself," she said. 

She goes about the rooms of the home 
and attends services in the church. 
s the companionship of voj, 



.WEDNESDAY, JUNE 15, jagjft 


ty in Need of Funds 
This Work. 


i^Th* Society for Providing- Evangelical 
IReligioue Literature for the Blind is 
striving to procure means to publish sev- 
eral devotional books in embossed type. 
The Bible requires eleven huge folios in 
the type, the making of which entails 
great expense. The society also pro- 
poses to prepare the plates and print an 
edition of "Daily Light on the Daily 
Path,'' being selected Scriptare readings 
for the morning and evening hours, in 
two volumes, thus securing a need for 
which the 80,000 blind in the United 
States and Canada have long been plead- 
ing. A 

Two thousand dollars will be needed 
for this undertaking. Of the amount 
$500 have been subscribed. If sufficient 
.means are contributed the society also 
proposes to print Dr. Van Dyke's "Other- 
Wise Men." Rev. J. Garland Hammer, 
Jr., of 45 Broadway, N. Y., is the finanj secretary, to whom communication 
should be addressed. 





testwt Mxaxistd»t 

THURSDAY, JUNE 16, 1910 


Four Roxbury Latin School Masters Are 
Surprised by Gifts of $25 for Excellence 
of Work Done by Their Classes 

A decidedly new feature was introduced 
at this year's graduation exercises at the 
Roxbury Latin School this morning when 
four teachers of the school were awarded 
prizes of $25 in gold, for the excellence 
of their classes in scholastic work. Soma 
friend of the school, whose name was not 
made public, early last fall gave Head- 
master D. O. S. Lowell of the school, $100, 
to be divided among two teachers of the 
three lower classes of the school, and two 
teachers of the upper three classes, whose 
pupils, as a ciass, made the best records 
for the year. In each class an honor list 
has been kept of those boys who received 
marks above a certain grade. 

Even the teachers themselves were not 
told the object of this competition and the 
awards were a surprise to all but head- 
master Lowell. The fortunate teachers 
were: Class 1, George P. Fiske; class 3, 
Islay F. McCormick; class 4, Eugene A. 
Hecker; class 6, O. M. Farnham. Some of 
the teachers of the school were not eligible, 
because they did not preside over class- 

Former Governor Guild and headmaster 
emeritus William C. Collier were the 
speakers of the programme. Mr. Guild 
said, In part: 

"We all admire that courage of crisis 
which a man is called upon to show once or 
twice in his life and which comes to a na- 
tion at rare intervals. A country may be 
paved in time of crisis by exceptional 
bravery, but the men who have done thta 
most for the world, have been ready, not to 
die for their country, but to live for their 
fellow men. It is not thought to be a very 
serious crime for a man to plan to escape 
jury service, but the man who does is be- 
ig his country iusc as truly in times of 
peace as the man who betrays her in times 
of war." 

Speaking of the State militia, Mr. Guild 

"We seldom stop to think that there 
have been no riots in Massachusetts since 
the draft riots of the Civil War, yet our 

militia Is necessary in times of peace as a 
reserve for our polce. When Chelsea 
burned the militiamen, some of them with 
their homes burning behind them, true to 
their oaths of allegiance, stood to their 
duty heroically. I hope that there is not 
a single man among you who will not give 
three years to the service of his State in the 
volunteer militia. eLt us never forget the 
duties of peace, the little things which we 
owe to our country every day." 

Mr. Collar excused himself from speaking 
at length by calling attention to the late- 
ness of the hour when he was called to the 
platform. He spoke briefly on the subjec: 
of taking pains. He said: "There is some 
thin? of great importance to you, and 
something which you will not be able to 
acquire later In life if you do not lay a 
foundation now; it is the power to take 
i:ains In all that you do. The sum total of 
our knowledge of art and crafts today la 
the aggregate of the painstaking efforts of 
the ages." 

At different points in the programme the 
school orchestra, comprised of the younger 
boys of the school, contributed selections. 
One number, the "R. L. S" march, was 
composed for the occasion by Max Zach, 
leader of the St. Louis Symphony Orches- 
tra, whose son, Leon Henry Zach, is the 
leader of the school orchestra. 

In awarding the deturs and prizes for 
the year's work. Headmaster Lowell called 
attention to the fact that William Cl 
Plunkett of the fifth class, who won the 
Lowell detur in English, a Fowler prize 
and the O'Connor prize, was totally blind. 
The O'Connor prize stood for the best work 
rlone bv any boy in the school dulrng the 
year. The winner of this prize is the son of 
Captain Plunkett of the U. S. battleship 
North Dakota. 

Headmaster Lowell awarded the prizes 
as follows : 

Class 1 — Paul Moody Atkins. 
Class 2 — Thomas Lane O' Conner. 
Class 3 — Myron Euseblus Hala. 
Class 4 — Robert Hewins Allen. 
Class 5 — William Clement Plunkett. 
Class 6 — Donald Stuart Guild. 

Class 1— Arthur Wellington Bell. 
Class 2 — Bancroft Beatley. 
Class 3 — Rudolph Harold Wyn»r. 
Class 4 — Howard Redwood GOild, Jr. 
Class 5 — Leon Henry Zach. 
Class 6 — Ralph Werner Reardon. 


Class 1 — Paul ' Moody Atkins "Congress: Its 
Origin and Development to the Pres- 
ent Day." 

Class 2 — James Alner Tobey "The Development 
of the West." 

Class 3— Laurence Irving "A Comparison of the 
City Government of the United 
States and of Germany." 

Class 4 — Henry Elmer Strout, Jr., "Independ- 

Class 5 — William Clement Plunkett "The Bat- 
tle of Gettysburg." 

Class 6 — Stephen Snow Pierce "The Cause of 
the Revolution." 

William Clement Plunkett of Class i. 


FRIDAY, JUNE 17, 1910. 

The program included a Greek reci- 
tation, "Agamemnon Denounces Cat- 
enas and Threatens Achilles," by 
Charles E. Fox; a German recitation, 
translation of Hamlet's soliloquy, by 
Charles H. Crombie; English essay by 
Arthur W. Bell, and chemical ex- 
periments by James B. Conant. The 
presentation of the class gift, a stere- 
opticon lantern for use in the school 
was made by Francis S. Smith Jr. 

Head-Master Lowell then made the 
awards of deturs and prizes and the 
diplomas were presented to the 21 
graduates by the Rev. James DeNor- 
mandie, pastor of the First Church 
in Roxbury and president of the 
board of trustees. . 

The graduates were Pennell N. 
Aborn, Paul M. Atkins, Arthur W. 
Bell, Edward W. Brewer Jr., Harold 

D. Brunei, John K. Cahill, Francis J. 
Callanan, Murray S. Cohen, James 13. 
Conant. Gerald S. Connolly, Charles 
H Crombie, Irving B. Crosby, Charles 

E. Fox, Stillman B. Hyde, Arthur J. 
W. Lyons, John W. McDonald, 
Souther Mead, Francis J. O'Brien, 
Max Slutski, Francis S. Smith Jr., 
and George C. Sumner. 

In his address Ex-Gov. Guild spoke 
on good citizenship and patriotism. 
The prize winners were: 

Lowell deturs— English, Paul M. At- 
kins, Thomas L. O'Connor, Myron E. 
Hale, Robert H. Allen. William C. 
Plunkett, Donald S. Suild; Latin- 
Arthur W. Bell, Bancroft Beatley, 
Rudolph H. Wyner, Howard R. Guild. 
Jr., Leon H. Zach, Ralph W. Rear- 

Fowler prizes— Paul M. Atkins 
James A. Tobey, Laurence Irving. 
Henry E. Strout Jr., William C. Plun- 
kett, Stephen S. Pierce. 

Special prizes given to four teachers 
at the school— George F. Fiske, O. M. 
Farnham, Islay F. McCormick and 
and Eugene A. Hecker. 

O'Connor prize— William C. Plun- 

William C. Plunkett, who won the 
O'Connor prize, also won two gold 
medals and a Lowell detur. He was 
unable to be present. He does all his 
work <m a typewriter. 

Son of Naval Captain Takes Roxbury 
Latin School Honors. 

William Clement- Plunkett, a fifth- 
class pupil, the blind son of Capt. 
Plunkett of the United States battle- 
ship North Dakota, was yesterday 
awarded the O'Connor prize at the 
closing exercises of the Roxbury 
Latin school for having attained the 
highest efficiency in studies, conduct 
and attendance throughout the school 

The speakers of the day were 
former Gov. Guild and Dr. William 
C. Collar, a former head-master of 
the school. Head-Master D. O. S. Lo- 
well presided. 




, *p ^ 


South Boston Gazette 

SATURDAY, JUNE 18, 1910. 


William C. Plunkett Takes Several 
Prizes at Commencement Exer- 
cises of Roxbury Latin School. 

Diplomas were presented to 21 gradu- 
ates of the Roxbury Latin school at 
the closing exercises' held yesterday in 
the school assembly hall on Kearsarge 
av, Roxbury, Headmaster D. O. S. Low- 
ell presiding. 

The program included brief addresses 
by Ex-Gov Curtis Guild Jr and William 
i •'. Collur. headmaster emeritus, a 
Greek recitation by Charles E. Fox. a 
German recitation by Charles H. Croni- 
bie, an English essay by Arthur AV. 
Bell, and chemical experiments by 
James B. Conant. Re\- James DeNor- 
manclie gave out the diplomas and 
Francis S. Smith Jr presented the class 

The following pupils- were awarded 
prizes: Lowell deturs, English— Paul M. 
Atkins, Thomas L. O'Connor. Myron E. 
Wale. Robert H. Allen. William C. 
Plunkett, Donald S. Guild: Latin— Ar- 
thur W. Bell, Bancroft Beat ley, Ru- 
dolph H. Wyner, Howard R. Guild Jr. 
T.eon H. Zach. Ralnh W. Reardon: 
Fowler prizes— Paul M. Atkins, James 
\ Tnbey. Laurence Irving, Henry E. 
Strout Jr, William C. Plunkett. Stephen 
S. Pierce; O'Connor prize— William C. 

William C. Plunkett. a fifth-class pu- 
pil »nnd winner of the O'Connor and 
Fowler prizes and a Latin detur. though 
unable to be present, was paid a glow- 
ing tribute by Headmaster Lowell. He 
i^-. the son or Capt Plunkett of the oat- 
rleship North Dakota. He is blind and 
compelled to do all his work on a type- 

Four special prizes, given by an un- 
known donor to the teachers whose 
nuptls showed the best grades for the 
vear. were awarded to George F. Fiske. 
O. M Farnham. Tslay F. McCormick 
and Eugene A. Hecker. 

?»fWt, N. Y„ AMERiQAN 07« 

SUNDAY, JUNE 19, 1910. 

A Late Development. 

JThis particular part of the Island was 
lent. In the Rogers tract, 
only twenty houses had 
beefi erPBtla. Many charitable Institu- 
tions have their homes or. the old farm, 
including the Home for Indigent Fe- 
males. One Hundred and Third and One 
Hundred and Fourth streets, east side 
of Amsterdam avenue: Home for Aged 
and Infirm Hebrews, One Hundred and 
Fifth and One Hundred and Sixth streets, i 
between Amsterdam and Columbus ave-; 
nues: Home for the Aged of the Little j 
Sisters of the Poor on the block above;) 
and the Home for the De stitute Bli nd.; 
on the block below. «fil*»>"*«*WW , "RW 
morial Hospital is between West End! 
avenue and Manhattan avenue, One Hun- 
dred and Fifth and One Hundred and 
Sixth streets. 

Blind Boy as Judge. 

"Seme day I am going to be a real 
judge — yes, a Supreme Court Judge!" 
declares Benjamin Apicello, bravely. 

He is the little blind boy, whom 
2,500 pupils of i iblic School No. 110, 
at Broome and Cannon streets, have 
elected supreme judge in their sys- 
tem of school government. Benjamin 
lives in a little three-room tenement, 
two flights up, at 125 1-2 Thompson 
street. He is fourteen years old, tall 
for his age and would be a hand- 
some little chap, with his mop of cur- 
ly black hair and traight regular fea- 
tures, if it were not for the half- 
closed sightless eyes. 

Despite his handicap, his school 
principal, Miss Adeline E. Simpson, 
say he is one of the very brightest 
pupils under her charge. Last year 
he was promoted directly from grade 
4 to grade 6. He is an expert typ- 
ist. Of course his reading is all 
done in Braille, but he is in the 
same class with the others in arithe- 
tic, history, geography — everything 
except actual reading. That he is one 
of the most popular boys in the 
school is proved by the fact that he 
was elected judge without a dissent- 
ing vote and a whirlwind of cheers 
followed the announcement of his 

"Yes, it made me feel pretty good," 
he admitted recently in his slow, soft 
voice. "You see, I wasn't always like 
this. Until three years ago I could see 
just like other fellows. And then 
one day I came out of the school — 
sam? school I go to now — and right 
close to it on the sidewalk I saw 
three of four brownish looking sticks 
pll wound round with what looked 
like string. I was a child — I didn't 
know. And the boy that was with 
me — he didn't know, either. And he 
said, 'You take those sticks home 
and burn off the string and you 
can sell them and make much money.' 

"I went home. I lived at 98 Thomp- 
son street then. My mother, she was 
in the kitchen but she didn't know 
either. And I opened the stove cover 
and I dropped in those sticks. There 
was an explosion. They blew all 
into my eyes. And they hurt my 
mother's ear. And the stove was all 
smashed and there was an awful 
noise. And I never can see any 

The boy's voice had got suspicious- 
ly low and shaky. His big brother 
who was lounging on the arm of the 
chair, impulsively bent over and 
swept back the tumbled dark hair 
with a caressing gesture almost moth- 
erly. Then, Benjamin smiled. 

"They are all awful good to me," 
he continued. "My, teacher, Miss 
Simrson, she is good to me, too. She 
'--> wc t an) especially interested in 
the study of law." — New York World. 

;$. r wfe>«M.D unm 

<f WEDNESDAY, JUNE 22, 1810. 


Miss Carter, of | Newark Bequeaths 
ilytic She Found 

Wong Hong Hoey. who for thirty years 
was employed in the home of Miss Alethiaj 
M. Carter, who died last week, is named 
as the chief beneficiary in her will, which 
was offered for probate yesterday in the 
office «f the, Surrogate of Essex county in, 

Under the will the Chinese gets the Car 
ter house, at No. 93 Bruen street, New- 
ark, $6,000 in cash and a one-half share In 
all household effects, works of art and 
bric-a-brac, the entire legacy amourlting 
to more than $20,000. 

In the will Wong Hong Hoey Is referred 
to by Miss Carter as "My Chinese boy, 
v ho has been like an adopted son to me, 
whom my mother requested, me to carfc 
for." The will was drawn on August i, 

Mrs. Emily C. Vanderveer and Miss Har- 
riet E. Beach, aunts of Miss Carter, re- 
ceive the remaining half of the household 

goods, works of art and bric-a-brac, and 
the residue ofrthe estate goes to cousins. 
Sallie Vanderveer, Annie G. Byron and 
Grace Ward. 

Wong Hong Hoey was born in China 
thirty-eight years ago and when he was 
eight years old passed into the possession 
of Hiss Carter, who reared him with care. 
He has been blind and a helpless paralytic 
for years, but he speaks Chinese and Eng- 
lish with equal fluency. 

He came to the notice of Miss Carter by 
becoming a member of a Chinese Sunday 
school class in the Third Presbyterian 
Church in Newark, of which Miss Carter 
for many years was the teacher. 

Miss Carter died on June 10. She was 1 
seventy years old and a native of Madison, 
N. J., though she had lived in Newark 
nearly all her life. 




Gift People 

Leicester Praying to R€"- 
re her Sight. 

Specie^to ^■Telegram 

LEICESTER., June 20.— The self-entitlec 
"Gift people," now in convention at Beu- 
lah Heights tabernacle, are pianning foi 
a monster gathering of the people 01 
their sect, Sunday. 

The gift people, who say that thej 
stand strong with divine powers, wrier 
the gifts of healing and cast>ng out devils 
are concerned, will have this week as £ 
preliminary week of prayer and some o: 
their high hurdling stunts will be rur 


The sect has put the bann on the aic 
of doctors and all their cures are effectec 
by congregational and individual pray- 
ing. There will be a monster convention 
of all the sect in this section within a 
month or so, or whenever the quarter? 
are made ready. Many of the gift people 
live in Spencer. 

The members say that they are waiting 
for something to turn up fii regard to the 
cures. They say that cures are coming 
rather slowly now, although one cure is 
being tried on one of their number, that 
of bringing sight back. 

The blind inmate, a Laura "White. !s 
stopping at the church until admittance- 
is gained to a home for the blind under 
construction in New York. 

Mrs. Charles Urauhart, a leader of the 
congregation, said today that the prayer 
cure was being applied, but the gift peo- 
ple found it hard sledding to get Miss 
Whi: t back. She said that it was 

rather useless to try since both eyes were 
badly affected. One eye has a large cat- 
aract over it. The other eyelid is entire- 
ly closed over the eye. 

Miss White said: "It is an affliction.. 
I suppose, that God has seen fit to place 
upon me. I am bearing it though, and 
I am not flinching a bit. It is. a pretty 
I hard thing when you come to sit and 
think about it. I can't .tell the difference 
between night and day. Everything is 
dark and the sensation is such that I 
am unable to tell it. The sight Is gone, 
years ago, and all there Is now is to hope 
that I will receive it. 

"It is monotonous sometimes to have 
to realize that you are never or practical- 
ly never going to get your sight back. 
I am engaged in the Lord's work, how- 
and I am contented. I am being 
prayed for here, but there is not much 
chance since one of the eyes is entirely 
gone, and the other is not far from gone. 

"It is a rather hard case ho try, and 
any religious body must have sterling 
faith to try it. 

"I am living on with the rest of the 
1 gift people, and I am hoping some day 
to see. It may not be in this life, but 
In the next. Heaven was made for such 
as have not had any comforts in this 
life. Heaven was made so that we could 
appreciate it more, considering the trials 
and troubles of this world. 

"They say that we will arise again with 
the same bodies. But I differ there. We 
will arise probably with mostly the same 
bodies, but I am positive that I will not 
arise .and be blind." 

Mrs. Urquhart said: "Having the con- 
i gregation pray^for the return of Laura's 
sight is being tried, but it is a hard case. 
There are practically no eyes there, and 
how in the world can her sight be ob- 
tained? However, the Lord could enact 
more miracles than that even, and it can 
be accomplished with the right faith. 

"If God could raise even the dead to 
life in the old times, then why couldn't 
the same thing be done now? The times, 
in regard to religion have not changed, 
and we will make a ary, a hard try with 

"We will have a small prayer meeting 
ay at 7.30 in the c-'ening and 
then we will have a great gathering or 
the people of the sect Sunday. 

"\\ bin we get the real convention go- 
i ing, then the chances of having cures 
' effected will be stronger. 

one of the good acts of the pension d< 
partment this month is the 3< 
of a $12 monthly pension for Margara 
Halpin, a poor blind girl, now at the Ne 
York institution t9r « th e " blind and Wh 
formerly lived at Lynn. The bill orderin 
the payment has just been signed b 
President Taft. Here is the pathetic stor 
of the girl. Margaret Halpin is th 
daughter of Bartholomew Halpin, wh 
lived at Lynn with his wife and fiv 
children when the war broke out. He hac 
been In this country only a short time 
having come from Ireland, and less thar 
a month after he went to the front his 
wife died and the five children were com- 
mitted to charitable institutions. Mar- 
garet was sent to Tewksbury, remaining 
<■- ere two years, and "was sent to New 
York, where, after recovering from a se- 
vere illness, she became blind. Her fath- 
er returned to Lynn, but found no trace 
of hie family. Then he -went to Minne- 
sota and married t again. Some years la- 
ter Margaret discovered him and "went 
to live in the western state, but disagree- 
ment with her stepmother forced her 
from the new home. She returned to New 
York and "wrote to (persons In Lynn who 
assisted her. Then the superintendent of 
the New York institution for the blind 
got interested and interested in the case 
Congressman Roberts. W r hile the records 
of the death of Mrs. Halpin were being 
searched for the father died in Minne- 
sota and the widow was drawing a pen- 
sion. To establish her true parentage it 
was necessary to obtain records In Ire- 
land, but friends of Margaret kept busy 
and finallj' completed the important chain 
of records. Now comes the pension which 
will be a real help to the afflicted girl. 



k^y . -\\ 


.Tuesday, June 28, 1910 



Since then the light has failed en- 
tirely. The birds exist only in their 
song, the trees only in their soughing, 
and the grass and the gardens not at 
all. For Annie Keough at Lynn the 
awful black curtain of total blindness 
has been drawn and only memory re- 
mains. But that memory sent her back 
to The Traveler, and she said she 
would like to go "just once more." if 
only to remember how it seemed lien. 

She Would "Love" to Go. 

"And you would really like to go 
when all the things you loved are 
gone from you?" she was asked. 

"Oh, I would love to go," and it 
was one long ectatic sigh that came 
as an answer. The blue eyes shone 
with hope, the lips parted in a smile, 
and when it, was told her that she 
and her sister, who is now and must 
be all through life her guiding star, 
were going to go she was as happy 
as the happiest girl in Boston. 

"But I shall see them all," she said. 
"I know just how they all look, Hol- 
liston. Walpole and Randolph, and 
their fields and their trees and every- 
thing. I can see them as I saw them 
before, for I can never, never forget 
them." It was worth everything to 
the joy, the courage and the peace- 
ful resignation that came into heri 
face. One could hardly believe that 
she could not see. 

When Annie Keough was 2 years 
old she ran across the street. She 
did not see a passing car. and it 
crushed her baby form and cut cruel 
gashes in her forehead. In some wa> 
the wounds injured the optic nerve, 
and years afterwards it began to die, 
so that now at 12 she is hopelesslv 
blind. Her father is dead, and there 
are three others besides herself who 
are cared for by a mother by scrub- 
bing and washing and ironing from 
one week's end to the other. 

Attends Perkins Institute. 

Annie goes to the Perkins Institute 
for the Blind and shares what pleas- 
ures only the blind can share. Were it 
not for some such charity like the one 
The Traveler stands sponsor for she 
could not possibly have a vacation. 
Even a day's car ride into the open 
country would be beyond her mother's 

Her whole life is passed in shadows 
deepened into Stygian darkness, yet 
she smiles, smiles as she is given a 
chance to learn, a chance to work, a 
chance, once a year at least, to have 
a week or more in the country. Her life 
is not a blank. It has its ambitions, 
and it promises to be a useful one. 
She can cook and she can run a type- 
writer, and she is learning stenogra- 
phy, and hopes some day she will be 
a stenographer for some business 
man. — all this in spite of an affliction 
that must endure as long as she lives. 

As she told about herself, and how 
badly she wanted to go away again 
into the fields, half a dozen reporters 
listened, and some of them at least 
turned away with rising lumps in their 
throats and welling' tears in their eyes. 
She had taught them a lesson of res- 
ignation and hope that furnished a 
new point of view for life. 

Annie's mother is Mrs. Ellen Keough 
and the family lives at 17 Hampden 

Would Revisit Scenes She 

Once Saw with Eyes 

Now Sightless. 

Three years ago "Little Annie" 
Keough could see the flowers, the 
grass and the trees, the fields and the 
shady woods, and among all the happy 
children that were taken for a vaca- 
tion by The Traveler none was hap- 
pier than she. Then the light began 
to go out of her bjK blue eyes and the 
shadows came, and the next year the 
sun shone only dimly, yet she still 
saw, and like other children, she en- 
joyed all the marvels of nature in Its 
summer garb. 


3DAY, JUI 1910. 



iGUosing exercises of the school con- 
ne'c||d with St. Joseph's Home for the 
Bllj\'^|llA^W e W* Wednesday evening, 
July TSj^jrYav'onla Hall, Pavonia ave- 
nue, near Baldwin, Jersey City 
Heights. Besides recitations and songs 
by the blind pupils of the school, the 
band composed of the inmates of the 
home will play and the Inmates will 
render a portion of the operetta 
"Esther," which they are rehearsing 
for production in one of the leading 
theatres In the fall, under the direction 
of Prof. Philip Amon. 




1, 1910 



Two blind ocmposers, mutual friends, 
of Greater Boston have just published 
additions to their groups of piano selec- 
tions, which are attracting more than 
passing notice, not alone because of 
the fact that the eyes of the men never 
saw the notes their minds have dic- 
tated, but because there is more than 
usual merit in each piece. Henry C. 
TVilllam§ of Medford, author of "The 
Agitation Twins," has completed words 
and music of a song entitled "Dorothy 
Donahue." It is dedicated to his little 
daughter, whose portrait adorns the 
front cover. C. H. Prescott of Somer- 
ville has written and dedicated a march 
and twostep, "Everybody's Teddi," to 
Col. Roosevelt, with snatches of verse 
Jby Mr. Williams. 


SATURDAY, JULY. 2, 1910. 


N. Y. MAIL 1-28843 

SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1910. 

Last Sunday More Than 1,200 

Made Pilgrimage at Mount 

Loretto Trade School. 

Every Sunday during summer a 
ihousand or more persons make a 
pilgrimage to Mount Loretto to in- 
spect the trade schools, home for the 
blind, and the farm, which are part 
of the institution founded in 1871 by 
Father Drumgoole and named the 
Mission of the Immaculate Virgin for 
the Protection of Homeless and Des- 
titute Children. Last Sunday 1.248 
members of the St. Vincent de Paul 
society from the diocese of Brooklyn 
and Long Island visited the country 
home and inspected every detail of 

Pope Pius X. has recently conveyed 
to Father Fitzpatrick, the director, 
an autograph photograph of himself, 
together with a document empower- 
ing him to impart the papal blessing 
to all the pilgrims who gather in the 
chapel at the visitation and inspec- 
tion of the work. Nearly all the pil- 
grims are members of St. Joseph's 
union, the devotional society estab- 
lished by Father Drumgoole. 

The mission has 2,066 children un- 
der its care. Every one of the boys 
is taught some trade, and the girls 
are suitably prepared to perform do- 
mestic duties or to teach. 

r ONNE, M. J., HERALD (1; 

SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1910. 


Charlie Mumby, the Bayonne News- 
tL*-* mau, Vice-Prejgldent. 

Nine blind men, who are well known 
in the several cities and towns of Hud- 
son county, where they haye their 
homes, assembled Thursday evening at 
2199 Hudson County Boulevard, the 
residence of C. G. Hansen, one of their 
number, to consider the formation of a 
permanent organization of all respecta- 
ble persons living in Hudson counij 
who are similarly afflicted, for tht 
purpose of betterment in their in 
dividual conditions in life and mntua 

improvement through pleasant socia 

Following considerable discussion oi 
various interesting features of the pro- 
position, a temporary organization was 
effected, the following officers being 

President, John Baptist of Jersey City, 
who is a member of the New Jersey 
State Commission for the care of the 
Blind; vice president, Charles Mamby, 
the Bergen Point newsdealer; secretarv, 
Mr. Sherman of Jersey City; treas- 
urer. C. G. Hansen, who is known as 
one of the most talented musicians in 
Jersey City. 

The next session of the enterprising 
blind men will take place on Thursday 
evening, July 27, at the residence of 
Treasurer Hansen, and the temporary 
organization will then probably be 
made permanent. In the meantime 
the committee appointed to select an 
appropriate name and draft a suitable 
constitution and by-laws for the associ- 
ation will hold a meeting at the homa 
of former Assessment Commissioner 
Thomas M. G. Lennon, 110 Atlantic 
street, Jersey City Heights, who was 
among those present at Thursday night's 

' Attendance at the Children's Mu- 
seum in. the past six months, from 
January to July, amounts to 75,557. 

Including 654 teachers. This is an in- 
crease over last year, for the same 
period, of 10,516, and of 104 teachers. 

Among recent visitors were the 
members of the School for the Blind 
from Sunshine Home for the Blind. 
These spent the afternoon and par- 
ticularly enjoyed the live animals. 
Mounted specimens of birds also took 
their fancy. One child delicately ran 
his nngers over tne outlines of the 
robin and said, '"I never saw a bird 
before, I am so glad to see a robin." 

It was remarkable to observe how 
their power of observation through 
touch had advanced under the careful 
teaching which they received in their 
school. In going out several of the 
little folks said, "I've seen a lot to- 
day that I'll never forget." 

*P$ v-^ 3 


Sunday, July 3, 1910 



Remarktble Case of Louis A. 



For Years He Has Carved on Storfe 
and Has Acquired Competenc 
Talks Entertainingly on His View' 
of Life Which Has Enabled Him to 
Overcome Limitations. 

Special to The Union. 

CLAREMONT, July 2. — "Limitation 
of one's qualifications to do, is the 'mill 
stone' about many a man's neck and 
keeps him down below the level that he 
might attain, if he would only believe 

Louis A. Bean's Store. 


that he was equal '<M$> the tasks before 
him" says Louis A. Bean, Claremont's 
blind merchant, who, although without 

sight, is doing business and meeting with 
success that even those with sight envy. 
Mr. Bean says: "We are too apt to look 
or see, not from a visional standpoint 
the bad, the failure and trouble, which 
comes only too quick to many, without 

anticipating it. If we would only count 
the good things that come to us we would 
find upon balancing the account that they 
were far In advance of the unpleasant 
features of life. 1 never borrow trouble, 
neither do I brood over the loss of my 
sight, but find that life has many good 
things in store for me if I will only ac- 

. cept them as they come. I, of course, 
miss the beauties that those with sight 
enjoy but I find enjoyment in my work 
here in the store and with my family for 
I have a most faithful wife, daughter, 
and son. 

"I am 57 years old, was born in Var- 
cherre, Canada. My folks were farmers, 
and after a little district schooling I 
came to Claremont; at the age of 19. I 
then went to Bellows Falls, Vt., working 
in the rag room of the paper mill there, 
after twelve years I returned to Clare- 
mont and started a tin peddler's cart, run- 
ning it for six years, when I lost my eye- 
sight. I thought all in the world was gone 
and I would be a burden upon my friends 
but I soon realized that I was equal to 
the task before me. 

"That was twenty-four years ago and 
T moved to Windsor, Vt., opening the 
Fashion store, after which I opened a 
similar store in Charlestown, from which 
place I went on the road, selling goods. 
To guide me in walking I had a young 
boy accompany me. 1 Believing I could run 
a farm, I purehased one and stayed upon 
it for four years. This work was more 
difficult for me, so I returned to Clare- 
mont sixteen years ago this spring. I 
opened this place with a stock of $300, 
and now what you see on the shelves and 
floor represent over $1400, and if I could 
deliver goods I would do twice the busi- 
ness I am doing. I own this building and 
have put many hundred dollars in repairs 
and modern additions, so that now I have 

, a most comfortable home, some money 
in the bank and out on interest and best 
of all a happy home. 
Mr. Bean married, in 18S0, Miss Delia ' 

Charron of Claremont and thev have a 
daughter and a son who are to be mar- 
ried soon. 

Mr. Bean is a quiet unassuming man 
and has a very pleasant way of speaking. 
He has a keen sense of hearing, and his 
touch is remarkable for if you give him 
a coin he changes it as quickly as one 
who can see, and very seldom makes a 
mistake, although some people have tried 
to take advantage of his blindness bv 
stating they gave him a larger denomina- 
tion of coin than he gave change for. 
When a bill is given him, he returns the 
change for one dollar and then takes the 
bill to his wife, who gives him the proper 
change in bills 'for the customer. 

The canned goods on the shelves are 
neatly arranged and if you should ask for 
a can of corn he does not hesitate or feel 
around but places his hand on a can and 
takes it from the shelf. This is true with 
all his work even to cleaning, for he 
was wiping the show cases when the 
Union man was there, and he did not 
leave any dust or dirt, which is also 
true with his sweeping. 

His enjoyment after work Is his pipe 
and listening to the news from the daily 
papers which his wife reads to him. 

If Mr. Bean has occasion to leave the 
store he does so without anv guide ex-, 
cept his cane and he goes to the barber 
shop at the lower village twice a week, 
crossing a bridge and two electric car 
tracks, greeting all his friends who speak 
with a cheery "good morning." 

He says that it is just possible to 
read the character of a person as it is to 
make change for he can tell to a great 
extent a person's character by the voice 
and general speech. 

"To be blind is a great drawback" says 
Mr. Bean, "but should not entirely dis- 
courage those afflicted for they will find 
if they are willing to try that they are 
capable of many thlKgs in life and that 
their usefulness h- 3 not gone. If vou 
but reflect a good character vou are 'do- 
ing some good and one can never tell 
when they are being followed in their 
actions by someone, therefore it is well 
to be ever watchful of what vou do or 
say, for fear you are instructing a 
younger or weaker mind in following your 

^\t ( -~ 

TUESDAY, JULY 8 J 1210, 


Truth Discovers That Bill and Jake, With Their 

Newspaper Push Carts, Are Violating 

City Ordinance — Police Serve 

Notice On Them to "Shoe." 

Jake and Bill — two blind men. 
Everybody knows them. 
One has been selling papers and 
magazines at the corner of Adams 
avenue and Linden street. The other 
has held forth at the corner of Wash- 
ington avenue and Spruce street. 

People have been buying papers and 
magazines at their wagons because 
they were a sort of public convenience. 
They have also liberally patroniz- 
ing Jake and Bill from motives 
prompted by sympathy. 

In these two familiar figures on the 
street corners the public has seen two 
ambitious men. Two men who stand 
out in all kinds of weather making a 
living. They are anxious for an op- 
portunity to earn an honest* livelihood. 
And they are always grateful for pa- 

Newsboys flock about the city streets 
vending their wares. You can meet 
them anywhere. But there is many a 
man and woman in Scranton who has 
•brushed past a newsboy to walk across 
the street and buy a paper from Bill 
or Jake. Ask one of them why. They'll 
give you a reason. 

Nice tidy news stands on wheels 
these two men had. Nothing objec- 
tionable about them so far as any sane 
man could discover. Good thing, near- 
1" everybody said. Two hard working 
men; unfortunate men. Trying to keep 
soul and body together without de- i 
pending upon charity. Honest and in- 
dustrious enough to work. Too proud 
to beg. Too proud to go to the poor 

All Helped a Little. 
Many people have been glad for th,e 
opportunity to buy from Jake and Bill 
and often handed them a nickel for a 
penny paper and hustled away without 
waiting for change. 

Called back for the change — "It's all 

And a "Thank you, friend," or "much 
obliged, neighbor," was what they I 
heard as they hastened up or down 
the street. 

Well, Jake and Bill are about out of 
business today. 

The Scranton Truth has discovered 
that they are violating a city ordi- 1 
nance and the Truth says they must 
take their wagons and get off the 
streets. The .Truth complained to Di- 
rector of Public Safety William O'Mal- 
ley. Mr. O'Malley took official notice } 
of the complaint and said he would 
look into the matter. Other matters of 
great importance, in the opinion of the 
director, caused him to delay action 
against two blind men. The Truth 
pressed its complaint. 

Didn't the director know these two 
blind men were violating a city ordi- 

Yes, he knew it. ■ 

Was he refusing to act? 

No, he was there to do his duty, and 
if the Truth insisted on driving Bill 
and Jake, with their wagons, from the 
streets, he would take official notice 
of the complaint. 

Day Called In. 

Superintendent of Police Lona B. 
Day was called in. 

Yes, he would serve notice on the 
two blind men that they would have 
to take their wagons off the street. 

He did. "Nothing has«ev:>: hurt me 
more since I have been superintendent 
of police," said the big chief. 

When Jake was told of the order 
that had gone forth he asked who 
made the complaint. 

"The Truth," he was told. 

"But I have Truths for sale on the 
wagon. Yes, Times. Tribune-Republi- 
cans, Wilkes-Barre Records, all the 
New York and Philadelphia papers. 
The latest magazines, too. 

But Jake's wagon had a Times sign 
on. The Truth had complained that 
he was violating a city ordinance and 
notice was served that he would have 
to get out of business or find some 
other way of selling his wares. 

"Pretty hard blow," said Bill, when 
the order reached him. "Guess Jake 
and, I are up against it. Can't see to 
keep moving up and down the street. 
Besides carrying a bag filled with pa- 
pers over one's shoulder from six in the 
morning until seven at night is too 
much. Can't stand it to carry such a 
heav> load on these hot days. Can't 
see where we are going. Well, it's 
prttty hard luck." 

Energetic Paper. 

Whatever else may be said of the 
Scranton Truth the paper stands for. 
the rigid enforcement of the city ordi- 
nance. The rigid enforcement of the 
city ordinance when they pertain to two 
blind men — Bill and Jake. 

Now this is how the two wagons 
come to make an appearance oh the 
streets. There is no necessity for de- 
scribing them. Everybody has seen 
them. Even the Scranton Truth has 
been observing enough to discover 

Jacob Bauman, aged a. little less than 
fifty, has been blind since May 1907. 
Jake could tell you the exact date that 
his eyesight failed him. It is more 
solidly fixed in his mind that the date 
of the signing of the declaration of 
independence. His eye sight was an 
important thing to Jake and the loos- 
ing of it was a calamity to him. He 
has lived in Scranton forty-five years, 
nearly all his life. He was born at 

Jake has been selling papers since 
September 1908. He knows just what 
day he started, for on that day he 
found a way to begin to earn a living. 
He met with success. He sold all the 
papers and he built up such a trade 
that it was too hard work for Jake to 
carry his papers straped across his 

William Hollenback, a blind man 
also found an occupation in selling pa- 
pers that was profitable. He is about 
sixty-five years old. He has been in 
Scranton fifteen years. Ten years ago 
he went blind. He was a mechanical 
engineer, worked eight hours a day and 
earned six dollars every day he worked 
and he was pretty industrious. After 
he went blind he entered a hospital 
' and was there eighteen months. Cost 
him $20 a week. He had the money 
saved arid he paid his bills. But the 
time came when Bill was out of mqney 
and he was still blind. Then he started 
to sell papers and now he has built up 
, a trade and is getting along fine. 
Both Well Known. 

Bill and Jake have been known to 
The Times for quite a while. They 
have been coming to the office every 
day, rain or shine, warm or cold. The 
Times took a kindly interest in them. 

These two unfortunates sought each 
others company. They are good 
'friends and when they have a few 
leisure moments they get together. It 
was at one of these times that they 
conceived the idea that if they had lit- 
jtle wagons to put their papers in they 
could have themselves a lot of hard 
work. The wagon scheme was their 
own idea. The Times is not looking to 
take any of the credit. 

But, these two blind men were fool- 
lish enough to tell The Times about the 
wagon idea. Said they wished they 
could each get one. Said they thought 
i they would have their money and in- 
vest in wagons. Wanted to know if 

somebody from the office would go with 
l them to. a carriage builder and help 
them get what they wanted. Some- 
ji thing that would not be a disgrace 
: along the street. They couldn't see 
what they were buying but were will- 
ing to take the word of a friend that 
i the wagons were all right. 

Wagons Were Bought. 
Well, Jake and Bill did not have to 
take their hard-earned money and buy 
wagons. The -Times went ahead and 
had the wagons built; just what these 
two blind men wanted, followed out 
their ideas just as closely as it was 
possible. Got everything ready for 
them. Everybody who was fortunate 
enough to get a glimpse of them said 
they were great. Of course, it was a 
little too early yet to put them out 
on the street. Bill and Jake came 
around and there was the surprise for 
them. There were the coveted wag- 
ons. They feit them over from top to 
bottom. Found out what color they 
were painted, how they were striped 
and what the sign on the top of the 
cart read. 

Everybody thought they would be in 
high glee over their wagons. 

Bill, he nudged Jake and they slid 
away by themselves. They talked it 
over. Somebody thought they were fig- 
uring out how they could pay for them, 
so they were told that there was no 
charge; take them, and use them and 
earn all the money they could. 

But that was not the rub. Somebody 
who had charge of building the 
wagons had forgotten to have water- 
proof curtains put on. The kind that 
roll up on clear days and can be let 
down in rainy weather. 

Well, there' the carts had to stand 
until the waterproof covers were made. 
That was the fatal mistake. The 
Truth discovered the carts in the alley 
side The Times office. The Truth 
went to cit-"- hall and asked permis- 
sion to build stands around the tele- 
phone poles at all the corners in the 
central city. They wanted to build 
forty stands. Director of Public Safety 
O'Malley said that he could not grant 
permission to put them on the side 
toward the sidewalk. Director of 


Public Works Terwilliger said he could 
not stand for any permanent fixtures 
of that kind on the poles on the side 
toward the street. It was a hard blow 
for the Truth. 

Then Bill and Jake's carts came on 
the street. Two blind men were sell- 
ing papers from their little wagons. 
The wagons had a Times sign on them. 
That was because Bill and Jake had 
Times for sale. One of the men tacked 
a little sign on, "Wilkes-Barre Record 
; for sale here." Nobody offered any 
objection to putting any sort of a sign 
on that would help Bill and Jake. 
Nobody told these two blind men what i 
papers to put in the wagons and what 
ones to keep out, so they put all the 
papers in. Some of them sold and 
some of them Bill and Jake would have 
a hard job givin gaway. But they had 
them all there and the public could 
buy what it wanted. 

Then the Truth put up the yell, "Vio- 
lation of the city ordinance" and Direc- 
tor O'Malley told Superintendent Day 
that he was to serve notice on the two 
blind men. 

Two blind men. See how they run 
The Truth is after them. 


*W99^ ®«y. N. .T., Jourrral (390! 
THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1910. 


tCpmmenceme|t Day at Home for 

Blind -Children a Note- 
worthy Affair. 

Cloistin.g exercises were held yester- 
day afternoon at St. Joseph's Home for 
the Blind, 98 Magnolia Avenue. A pro- 
gram of excellence was provided for 
the occasion and the large audience 
thoroughly enjoyed the tntertainment 
given by the blind inmates. In the 
home are taught music, languages, 
beadwork, the rudiments of the, 
sciences and voice culture; typewriting, 
oratory, elocution, arithmetic, geo- 
graphy, spelling, writing and reading. 
CaL sthenics plays an important part in 
the work of the in> ititution. 

The program given yesterday was as- 
follow": Singing class, "Merry June ' 
(Vincent), accompanied by Charlotte 
Rohr; piano— (a) -'The Little Ro- 
mance" (Schumann), (b) Gavotte Op. 
29d-5 (Giese), Mabel Riley: recitation, 
The Stolen Custard," Olga Lang; 
exercise in writing and reading, wirti 
Poent tablet, klieadograph and type- 
writer; singing, class. "Summer Days," 
a trio (Abt), accompanied by Charlotte 
Rohr; recitation, "One from Seven," 
Olive Smith; piano— (a) 'Consolation'" 
Op. 30-9 (Mendelssohn), (b) "Gavotte 
AHemande" (Geibel), Margaret Foley; 
exercine in arithmetic and geography- 
recitation, "How the Story Grew," 
several members of the class; vocal 
duet, "Meadow Talk" (Fischer), Clara 
Lang and. Veronica O'Malley, accom- 
panied by Margaret Foley; piano— 
(a) Mabell Op. 44-8 (Spdndler), (b) 
"The Jolly Peasant" (Schumann), Mary 
Pierce; calisthenics, accompanied by 
Tertsa Boyle; vocal solo— (a) "Resolu- 
tion" (Lassen), (b) "Absence" (Berger), 
Bridgie Dillon: duet, "Berceuse" (Beau-i 
mont), Lucy Brennan and Anna Lock- 
ard; recitation, "The Bald - Headel 
Man," Margaret Foley; piano, "Novel- 
ette in F, Op. 21-1 (Schumann), Char- 
lotte Rohr: singing clans, "Wanderer's 
Night Song" (Rubinstein), accompanied 
by Teresa 'Boyle. 

NT. Y. TRTBUNE (287^ 

THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1910. 


Association Gives Outing for 
Thirty at the Seashore. 

The ocean;, got a surprise at Midland 
Beach yesterday. It has seen a good many 
varieties of courage, but seldom has it 
seen a lot of blind women go in swimmfng 
without the least fear,' but, on the con- , 
trary, with shrieks of delight. 

ilaybe some of them did not venture out 
i very far beyond the depth of their knees, 
say, and, of course, each one'was attended 
by a seeing guide, but some, especially 
Mrs. A. Beck, one of the sightless workers 
for the New York Association for the 
Blind, gave brave aquatic exhibitions. ' 

It was one of the outings of the Blind 
Women's Club, which is an offshoot of the 
association. More than, thirty blind wom- 
j en, many of them elderly, went, and with 
their volunteer guides and Miss Daisy Rog- 
ers, Miss Ellen Harrison and other officers 
of the association, who went along just 
to see that their venturesome spirits did not 
lead them into danger, they filled the spe- 
cial car that took them from the ferry 
landing to the beach. 

Not all the blind were members of the 
club; some were guests, for it is part of 
the social work of the club and the associ- 
ation ito hunt out persons whose lives are 
spent in darkness, especially the old ones, 
and to give them frequent jaunts in the 
open air. 

And how they enjoyed yesterday! "I tell 
you, this is different from East 86th street, 
where I sit in my room all day long," saicL 
one gray haired blind woman, turning in' 
her seat on the sand to let the ocean 
breeze play over her face. "Yes, I was 
In an accident, and I've been blind these 
twenty years, but I'm not complaining." 

Just then the blind bathers, with their 
guides, came dripping up the beach. "I'm 
so hungry I could eat a cow," said one, 
who is known as the life of the club be- 
cause nothing ever casts her down, and it 
takes a fast guide to keep up with her 
when she starts to go anywhere. Blind in 
both eyes and nearly deaf, she lives alone 
in her tiny flat and does her own work, be- 
cause she has nobody belonging to her and 
objects to "bothering people." 

At 2 o'clock a fine meal served the 
party at one of the beach hotels^-plates of 
steaming clam chowder, piles of cold chick- 
en, roast beef, vegetables, salad and sweets 
and coffee to end with. After that they did 
as their fancy led— sat on the beach, gos- 
siped together, visited the merry-go-round 
and wished they were young enough to 
"have a ride" or listened to the band con- 
cert that began a little later. 

At, 5 o'clock they started for home, 
ing to have another picnic soon. 



J auu. wlTo -r^ J a., ^ ,. --/ Oi a.x<--L - w 

•j -vv L 


is- i 1 3 

NOBLE— In this city July 14, 1910, 
Miss Annie K., daughter of Wil- 
liam V. and Rachel Noble. 

Funeral from her late residence, ' 
10 South street, Sunday, July 
17, at 3 p.m. Relatives and 
friends are invited to attend. 
Burial at Thompsonville, Conn. 

Fall River and Attleboro papers 
please copy. 


«a£M£riay, «u!y 1s, 1910 

'o the Editor 4>f We'"lFepublican. 

Sir: — In the Democrat of July 14, 
appeal's an unsigned article under the 
following misleading headlines, "Work 
of Blindman, Deprived of Sight by Ac- 
cident. He Supports Family." The 
article refers to a man deprived of 
Sight who has been selling pencils in 
the streets of . Waterbury. The man 
has called attention to his Infirmity 
by a placard on his sleeve bearing 
the word "Blind." 

In behalf of the entire class of edu- 
cated blind and in accord with all ex- 
perienced educators of the sightless I 
beg to submit a respectful but earn- 
est protest against the sentiment 
which the article in question contains. 
It is true as the writer contends that 
"A human being deprived of his sight 
who has the courage to tramp the 
country year in and year out, secure 
money in an honest way and send it 
home to a wife who puts it to good 
use, deserves to be encouraged." Legi- 
timate salesmanship is undoubtedly a 
field in which the blind man may profi- 
tably engage. In that field he may 
and sometiines does, successfully com- 
pete with the seeing. He deserves all 
possible encouragement in this or in 
any other effort which he may make to 
aehleve independence for himself and 
for his family, and the best service 
which society .can render him will be 
to remove all obstacles from his path. 

There are several ways In which a 
man or woman who cannot see may 
earn an honest living. There are 
trades such as broom-making, chair- 
seating, etc., at which they may work. 
The best of these is piano tuning. 
There is a place for the blind man in 
several professions in music, in litera- 
ture, in politics and law. The highest 
success has even been attained by a 
few in medicine. What the educated 
blind ask of society is that their 
blindness shall not debar them from 
receiving whatever recsgnition their 
merit deserves. There is no reason why 
one of them may not be a first class 
salesman but there is no self respect- 
ing and intelligent member of this 
class who does not resent the pauper- 
izing kind of pity which recommends 
public or private begging to them as a 
means of subsistence. They contend 
that all placards such as the one used 
by this pretended seller of pencils 
place the user outside the category of 
salesmen and in that of beggars. They 
1 further maintain that any man or wo- 
man who obtains money by exploit- 
ing this infirmity not only degrades 
himself or herself, but discredits thou- 
sands of citizens who denied the use 
of one faculty yet strive with honest 
pride to prove to the world that they 
are not inferior beings. 


Waterbury, July 15. 

1<e ? ' 



, j3ywf£ WANTS 


THE first blind man in the state 
of Kansas to seek a political of- 
fice is Edgar T. Schaeffer, of 65 
South Tremont street, Kansas City, 

He is seeking the Democratic nom- 
ination for representative from the 
Seventh Kansas district, which com- 
prises the- Fourth, Fifth and Sixth 
wards in Kansas City, Kas., where he 
has lived since 1888. He is a native 
Kansan. In 1888 the sight of his right 
eye was destroyed by a rock thrown by 
a playmate and sympathy inflama- 
tion caused the other to become blind. 
After this accident befell him he en- 
tered the Kansas Institute for the 
Blind and finished the course in 1896. 
He is a talented musician. 

He is running on a platform to do 
right: to represent the people to the 
best of his ability and to be gove-nel 
heir dictations. He is confident of 
the nomination and despite the fact 
that he is totally blind is making an 
active canvass among the Democratic 
voters of his district. He is 33 years 

TUESDAY, iJJJLYj 19, 1910. 

id protege part 


Sightless Beggar Tearfully Surrenders 

Waif WhoHad Led^im Whfla 


Poverty old and blind led, by poverty 
young and keen of sight broke their part- 
nership yesterday and sealed its dissolu- 
tion with tears. 

They came to the Bureau for Dependent 
Children, at No. 66 Third avenue, a dghtr 
less man of forty, whose hand, was held by 
a ragged boy of twelve. 

"Say, mister," asked the cWld, *Us this 
where kids gives themselves up as has no 

The superintendent, F. E. Bauer, asked 
what he could do, and the man explained. 

"My name," he began, "Is William Kar- 
rlas. I have been blind since I was two 
years old. My relatives are dead, my last 
friend left the city a year ago, and I have 
since lived by begging. This boy has been 
the light of my life for the last two 
months. I found him homeless and friend- 
less and helped him. He was sleeping In 
yards and doorways and I asked him to 
come with me. I have cared for him as 
best I could." 

"He certainly has been like a good 
father to me," interposed the youngster. 

"He is a good boy," continued Karrias. 
"He led me about to places and once to 
Canarsie and back. I brought him here. 
He has been leading me about the city 
and we have shared what I could beg; 
but I've been thinking it all over, and I 
believe that I ought to give him up." 

Karrias said that the boy had cruel 
parents who had 111 treated him and he 
had run away from home. The child gave 
his name as Joseph Gross and said that 
most of his life had been spent in a hospi- 
tal on Randall's Island. He was clad in 
a ragged shirt and a blue Jumper. His 
shoes were broken and on his towsled 
head was the wreck of a hat. 

Mr. Bauer noticed that both seemed 
pale and weak and asked when they had 
eaten last. Their reckoning was last Sat- 
urday morning. Both were taken to the 
rooms of the engineer, James Browning, 
where eggs and coffee were placed before 
them. The boy, before he touched any 
food, opened the eggs for bis blind bene- 
factor, put sugar in his coffee and placed 
a spoon in his hand. 

Mr. Bauer and Joseph Graveur, chief 
officer for the Children's Court, talked over 
the case and suggested that Karrias enter 
a home for the blind and that the boy be 
sent to the Brace Farm School, at Val- 
halla, N. Y. 'At the mention of separation 
the youngster began to cry and the man 
groping forward and resting his hand on 
the head of the dhild. thanked him for 
brightening his miserable life and told him 
to be brave. Tears came to his sightless 
eyes as he spoke. 

As the blind man rose to go the boy 
stepped forward and escorted him to a 
northbound car in Third avenue helped 
him to a- seat and gave to him a farewell 
pressure of the hand. 

The boy was taken to one of the city 
homes of the Children's Aid Society and 
to-day he .will be sent to the country. 

PT. Y. IHMUkBB (t9*m 

TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1910. 


IShares His Lasjr Penny and Sees that 
pets Suitable Home. 

t-faced lad of 13, clad only in 
a ragged knit jacket, thin jumpers, and 
a pair of badly worn shoes, entered the 
Children's Bureau of the Charities De- 
partment, in the Children's Court Build- 
ing, yesterday, leading a blind man, whose 
raiment was also much the worse for 
wear. After describing himself as Jo- 
sept Gross, homeless and without friends, 
the lad said to Supt. Bauer of the Chil- 
dren's Society: 

" This man has been caring for me for 
i two months, but he is not able to pro- 
vide for either of us any longer. He 
wants to ask you to do something for me." 
The man groped about until he felt a' 
hand outstretched to lead him to a chair, 
and then he said he was William Karrias 
of Baltimore. With his head down over 
his chest, he said slowly that because 
the boy had assisted him to cross a 
street a few weeKs ago and had subse- 
quently taken him out to Canarsie and 
back to New York again he had be- 
friended the youngster, but that now he 
must yield him to the county to be cared 

" I am 40 years old now," said Karrias, 
" and I have been blind since I was 2. 
My people are dead, and my last friend 
left the city a year ago. I have sup- 
ported myself by soliciting alms along 
the streets, and have lived in a lodging 
house In West Broadway. 

" I don't know much about the boy ex- 
cept that he tells me that he was unable 
to live with cruel parents and ran away. 
He said he had been sleeping along the 
railroad and in doorways, and I felt 
sorry for him and took him to lodge with" 
me. He has led me about the city since, 
and what little we could beg we. have 
divided. But now I must try to get 
placed in the Almshouse or in a home, 
and I can no longer care for the boy." 

Supt. Bauer took Karrias and the boy 
downstairs to the living quarters of James 
'Browning, the engineer of the building, 
and Mrs. Browning gave them eggs and 
coffee. The boy did not start his meal 
until he had opened and seasoned his 
companion's eggs and had sweetened tjS 

Joseph Graveur, Chief Parole Officer of 
Special Sessions, turned up and listened 
to the tales of Karrias and the boy, and 
then he said he would place the young- 
ster in the Brace Farm School, at Val- 
halla, N. Y. Graveur told Karrias how 
he should go about applying to enter a 
home for the blind, and then Karrias bid 
the youngster good-bye and asked to be 
led to the street. 

The boy began to cry when Karrias 
thanked him for brightening his misera- 
ble life, and this pet Karrias to crying, 
too. When the pair had recovered the 
youth asked if he might lead his bene- 
factor to the car. The first northbound 
Third Avenue car that approached was 
hailed by the boy, and after wringing 
Karrias's hands he assisted him aboard, 
called out a lusty good-bye. and then ran 
back into the court building with tears 
streaming down his face. 

Graveur comforted him until he bright- 
eed up, and told him he had given Kar- 
rias a memorandum of the address of the 
Brace Farm School, so he could keep 
track of his protege. 

Karrias did not make known his des- 
tination before he departed. 



TUESDAY, WLX 19, 1919. 


ASD seek? the almshouse 

Asks Children's Bureau to Care for 
Faithful Little Guide. 


Waif Had Been Kind to Forlorn 

Derelict and the Two Clang 


There is no dearth of pathetic scenes in 
the Children's Bureau of the Department 

of Public Charities .in **« HlUlrrr'- '" 

Building. So much misery passes through 
there in different, guises that the officials 
unconsciously become hardened to it. Once 
in a while, however, a case drifts in that 
has pathetic features that are so over- 
powering- they bring- tears to the eyes of 
those who have steeled themselves against 
giving way io emotion. 

That was true yesterday when William 
Karrias, a blind man who hails from 
Baltimore, and Joseph Gross, a homeless 
boy whom tne blind man had adopted and 
cared for. walked in hesitatingly and 
faced Superintendent Bauer of tne Chil- 
dren's Society. The man wore patched 
and ragged clothes and the bright-eved 
boy of 13 who was with him was clad in a 
ragged knit jacket, thin jumpers and a 
pair of tattered shoes. Young Gross, with 
trembling lip and moist eye, addressed the 
superintendent. He told him the blind 
man had been supporting and caring for 
him for two months. 

•"But he is not able to keep either of us 
any longer and he wants to ask you to 
do something for me," the boy continued. 

A chair was procured for ihe tottering 
blind man and he told his story. 

"This boy assisted me to cross a street 
a few weeks ago and afterward he took 
me to Canarsie and brought me back to 
New York," Karrias said. "That made 
me love him. Since then he has been 
with me and shared everything I could 
obtain by begging. I have been blind 
since I was two years old. My peoole 
are dead. A year ago my last friends 
left tiiis city. I have begged in the street 
and lived in a lodging house in West 
Broadway. The bo&' told me he had run 
away from cruel parents and had been 
sleeping along railroads and in doorways. 
I felt sorry for him and took him to lodge 
with me. Now, however, I must try and 
get admitted to the almshouse, and I 
want to see the boy cared for before I 
leave him." 

His plea for the boy wae so earnest that 
Bauer took both of them, down to the 
living quartern in the building, where Mrs. 
Browning, wife 'of the engineer, served 
them with eggs and coffee. The boy's 
solicitude for his benefactor became mani- 
fest at once. Although hungry as a hawk, 
he would not touch a mouthful until he 
had put sugar in the old man's coffee and 
1 opened and seasoned his eggs. Afterward 
I Joseph Graveur, ch!ef parole officer for 
I Special Sessions, assured the blind man he 
would have the boy placed in the Grace 
I Farm School at Valhalla, N. Y. He also 
j advised the blind man to apply for ad- 
! mittance to a home for the blind, and 
1 told him how to make application. 

When the time came for Karrias and 
his boy friend to part, both wept bitterly. 
"I want to thank you. Joe, for brighten- 
ing my miserable l!fe," the blind man 
said to the boy, and there were more 

"Let me take him and put him on a 
car," the boy said to Superintendent 
1 Bauer, and he did it with touching gemtle- 
! ness. There wa« an exchange of fare- 
I wells, and then the weeping boy hurried 
back to the bureau and said he was ready 
! to go to the farm school. 

"I'll never see my old friend again," he 

"Oh. yes, you will," Graveur replied 
cheerfully. "I gave him the address of 
the farm school and he can communicate 
with you at any time." 

Y. 9L0BS (3889? 

ftBIDAY, 'JULYj 22, 1910. 

n\Perfect Ff$ft, Former Police 
insjtefctfc? Steers Prays for 
the Restoration of His Lost 


Found Prayer Effective When! 
He Walked a Beat, and Has 
No Fear of Denial In His Old 

'By Virginia. Tyler Hudson. 

With Henry V. Steers there is no such 
word as "if" when he speaks of his lost 
eyesight returning. "When" is the hope- 
ful word he uses only as he sits day 
after day between two windows in a 
room on the upper floor of his pretty 
home at 473 West 152d street, the sun- 
light, of which he can catch no glimmer 
streaming in, and wails to see. 

This famous inspector of police is re- 
tired now — he has seen his seventy-ninth 
birthday — but they still tell stories down 
at headquarters of the things he accom- 
plished when he was head of the Detec- 
tive Bureau and Byrnes was chief of po- 
lice. To them all he is still "Inspector," 
and to every one who knows him it never 
occurs to leave off his former title and 
address as plain "Mister" the man who 
helped to make the New York Detective 

But a few weeks ago a blight came into 
the life of the cheery old man. His 
eyesight grew dimmer and dimmer, then 
failed altogether. The best specialists 
in the city were called in. but were un- 
able to do anything for him. 

"The optic nerve is all right," they 
said; "there is only a clot pressing on 
it somewhere back of the eyes, and only 
an operation would relieve it — an opera- 
tion that would necessarily be more or 
less guess work, as there is no way of 
telling where the clot lies." 

"Then let me alone," said the inspector; 
"I will drive it away myself, with the 
help of God." 

That is why the old man sits by his 
open window every day praying that his 

eight be given back to him. That is also 
why the members of the little Methodist 
Church which he attends on Washington 
Heights have given over more than one 
prayer meeting to prayers that his faith 
shall be rewarded. And more, that is 
why he does not say "If I see again," 
but "When I see again." 

When I went up to see him to ind 
out more about his methods of prayer in 
curing blindness, I found the old man 
sitting in his accustomed place in a deep, 
wide chair. 

"I'm so glad you've come," he said 
cheerfully. "I don't know you, but I'm 
glad you. can tell people that I know Gol 
will give me back my sight. Are you 
sitting down?" he asked hospitably. His 
eye*; that were as bright as those of his 
daughter. Mrs. Holland, who was wait- 
ing upon him, turned on me as he spoke, 
bo that it was hard to realize that the 
speaker could not see that I was. 

"I wish I could see you," he went on. 
just as brightly— so naturally, iudeeJ, 
that I all but thanked him for the im- 
plied compliment in his tone, which bore 
no semblance of a plaint. But instead: 

"So do I," I declared, fervently. And 
I meant it. No one could wish anything 
else, once seeing Inspector Steers and 
speaking to him. "Have you noticed any 
change in the condition of your eyes?" 

"A little— a little," he said. "I don't 
seem to have so much pain. But, then, 
you know, I have the greatest and best 
physician in the world." 

"Your grandson?" 

"My Heavenly Father," was his rev- 
erent reply. "He is my only physician— 
the only one I want— the only one who 
can do me any good. He will make me 
see again — I know He will. For has He 
not said,' If ye ask in faith, believing,' 
all things shall be given to you?" 

"Yours is a beautiful faith, inspector," 
I said, "the more beautiful because you 
see so little of it these days. Men to- 
day are not much given to faith in their 

The inspector shook his head sadly. 

"I'm afraid that's too true," he said. 
"And I am sorry. Men and women, 
too, should have faith in God. Is He 
not the Father and Maker of them all? 
All my life, though, I've tried to serve 
Him, and I know He will not fail me 
now when I need Him. I know He will 
give me back my -sight." 

And then the man went on, in a lighter 
I tone than the reverent one he had used 
in speaking of his Maker: 

"When I get my sight back, we're 
going to have a grand time up here on 
the Heights. All the neighbors want 'me 
to ring a bell out of the window when it 
comes back to me, and promised I would 
and would cry 'Eureka!' Then they are 
all going to come running over here, and 
we're going to have a regular old t'me 
camp meeting and revival out there on 
the lawn, and we will shout in Hie good 
old-fashioned way and praise God and 
march around singing, 'Praise God. from 
whom all blessings flow!' Oh, I tell you. 
it will be a great day on the Heights 
when God gives me back my sight." 

"Still." I said, "even faith as great as 
yours might be mistaken. He might 
have some good reason for not answering 
your prayers. What then?" 

"I don't think much about that," Was 
the answer, "because I know He will; j 
but if anything should happen that He | 
couldn't, then I would go on for the 
little span of life left me, praising and 
serving Him just the same. I've always 
done it, and I won't stop now. I served 

■ i i 



Henry V. Steers. 

Him when I was a policeman, and He 
helped me all the time, and I would be 
ungrateful, indeed, if I forgot all His 
mercies to me, because He didn't see fit 
to give back the eyesight of an o!d man 
who doesn't need it much, anyway. I 
guess He has more chances to help a 
policeman than He does most people, too, 
and I've had my share of His good. - ' 

The inspector does not think much of 
what the doctors have told him about his 
eyes. He will not even give thought to 
an operation, but believes his prayers 
will be sufficient. 

"They said they would have to probe 
for that clot. Well, I guess not! They 
are not going to cut into this old carcass 
if I know it! Besides I know enough to 
know that an operation at my time of life 
would be almost sure to end in a fatal 
hemorrhage. There's a whole lot in 
the doctor's talk about the walls of the 
arteries in an old person hardening, and 
I guess mine would be so brittle that if 
they were cut into, the best doctors in 
the* world wouldn't have a chance to 
tie them up in time. No, I'll just go on 
praying— you tell the people who read 
The Globe so— and tell them to remember 
that He has said: "If ye have faith no 
bigger than a grain of mustard seed, you 
can remove mountains.' And tell them 
my faith is some bigger than a mustard 
seed and that clot isn't much of a moun- 

N. Y. HSrftAfc© «••*« 

SATURDAY, JBIM5 23, 19.10. 



Basilian Fathers Report Amazing 
Results at N/vena, in Nine 

fs' Session. 



Church of Ste. Anne on Howard 

Street Records Remarkable 

Cases Among Visi ;ants. 

Blindness from birth, grave or- 
ganic troubles and terrible physical 
and mental depressions are among 
the sufferings which the Ba6ilian 
fathers at Sainte Anne's church, 
Nineteenth and Howard streets, tes- 
tify have been wrought through the 
medium of "good Sainte Anne" with- 
in their sight In the last nine days. 
The number of sensational cures Is 
placed at 20. 

The solemn novena. In honor of 
the mother of the Blessed Virgin, 
closed with appropriate exercised 
last night. For the last time until 
next year, the tiny fragment of bone 
imputed to the saint was exposed 
to public adoration. The church was 
solemnly festive in the manner of a 
continental cathedral, as the. attend- 
ant priests passed up and down tho 
sanctuary rails, touching the relic 
to the lips of their nock, and 
applying it to such parts of the 
body as the worshipers pointed out 
in simple confidence. 

Blind Made to See. 

Rev. A7 r ~~r>«^5»u ( B»ouchel, of St. 
Michael's college, Toronto, who 
preached the novena, reports a mir- 
'ous cure of total blindness yes- 
terday morning. "A grandmother 
brought her little child in," said the 
priest. "She was 8 years ofa, and 
l>li ncl from birth. I told her, 'Ask 
good Sainte Anne to let you see the 
sky outdoors and this pretty church." 
Then 1 gave her the relic to kiss. 
She saw instantly. A young man 
from Philadelphia, who has spent 
much time in sanitariums for a 
serious internal trouble, was sud- 
denly cured this afternoon. 

"Then there are people who grope 
In mental darkness — who strain be- 
neath great griefs. These are 
healed no less certainly than the 
physical sufferers. Hundreds of 
people have come to us this week i 
asking masses of thanksgiving, or 
seeking to burn a candle before the 
saint in recognition of favors speed- j 
ily received. Sometimes the answer 
conies at the moment of kissing the 
relic; other times after a good con- 
fession, or communion. 

Is Old institution. 

"There is no reason why people 
should iloek to the shrine of Sainte 
Anne de Beaupre, when there is an 
equally efficacious source of healing 
in Sainte Anne de Detroit. The an- 
nual novena to Sainte Anne has been 
an institution of this church dur- 
ing two centuries. It preceded Fa- 
ther Richard by a hundred years, 
and has always been blessed with 
numerous cures." 

Following the benediction last ; 
night, the choir sang the quaint in- 
vocations to Sainte Anne, sacred to I 
the traditions of the oldest eglise of 
early French Detroit. 


i -*o 


BI5TROIT. MICH'., Frae Proa (9f?f? 


Blind and III Rejoice in Cures 

by Application of Sacred Relic 

— , 1 1 . » 

I Thousands of Cripples Stand in Line at Church Waiting for 

Ministration, and Three Add to Collection. of Crutches 

and Braces, Declaring They Have Been Made Well. 

More than two thousand persons attend- 
ed last night the services of the sixth day 
of the novena at the shrine in the Church 
of St. Jean Baptiste, at No. 159 East 
Seventy-sixth street, -wherein is exposed 
the relic of Ste. Anne. Cripples of all de- 
scriptions were in the line outside the 
church east to Third avenue and west to 

Lexington avenue. Sergeant O'Sulllvan 
and four policemen from the East Sixty- 
seventh street station kept the line.? 
straight as the lame and the blind pressed 
forward to have the sacred relic applied 
to the disabled parts of their bodies. 

According to statements made by the 
members of the congregation three cures 

.were effected yesterday. A young girl 
'who from infancy had been almost blind 
told her mother to put her spectacles in 
■the collection of crutches and braces, as 
I she read her prayer book for the first time 
'without the aid of glasses. An aged 
I woman who for years had been bowed 
down by rheumatism straightened up and 
I walked briskly from the church. The 
i third cure was that of a twelve-year-old 
boy who had been obliged to wear a 
brace on his right leg for ten years. After 
,the application of the relic he threw aside 
the brace and his mother became hysteri- 
cal from joy. 

The last day of the novena will be Mon- 
day, and it is expected that on that day 
the crowd at the church' will be greatly 

N. Y. TRIBUNE (£8?<N 

THURSDAY, SQQS99 28, 1910. 


embers Enjoy Dinner, Bathing and 
Merry-Go-Round at Midland Beach. 

Under the auspices of the New York As- 
sociation for the Blind the Blind Men's 
Club had a merry outing at Midland Beach 
yesterday afternoon. 

The members, with their guides, were 
conveyed to the beach in two special carg, 
and after dinner at the hotel they gave 
themselves up to the pleasure of the 
place with as much abandon as if they 
had been possessed of sight. About thirty 
of them went in bathing and had a tug of 
war in the water. Others tried the merry- 
go-round and the "pickler." Misa O. Fiske 
Rogers, the association's superintendent 
marshalled the party. 


GanoLefidtef'Thought to Have Ordered 
/Instruction of the Crops. 

T»e Children's Home Farm, at De Witt 
Clinton Park, Fifty-fourth Street and 
Eleventh Avenue, has recently been visit- 
ed by boys, just after the attendants 
have gone for the night, and the care- 
fully prepared plots ruined. 

The sunflowers have been broken frorr 
their stalks, in some cases, and the seed, 
taken from the ground. 

A remarkable exception to the whole- 
sale vandalism has been noted in the two 
plots that are being cared for by boys- 
one totaUx bli n d , the other just able to 
catch a gmflmW' or**l'ight in his almost 
sightless orbs. These two lads have been 
at work on the farm for some time, and 
their labors are shown by a fairly prom- 
ising crop of celery, beans, and peas. 

Mrs. Henry Parsons, Supervisor of the 
farm, has a theory that all the boys liv- 
ing in the vicinity of the school farm are 
under the control of " gang leaders." She 
said that she noticed this recentlv when a 
young rough who threw some park 
benches over the fence was forced to 
bring them back. 

Mrs. Parsons has already obtained the 
co-operation of Edward MoManus, a 
brother of The McManus, the Democratic 
leader of the district, who promised to 
aid Mrs. Parsons. 



Braille Type 

Vienna. — A notable achievement for 
the benefit of the blind is the f.rst 
French-German dictionary printed in 
Braille type. This work demanded an 
extraordinary amount of minute and 
laborious precision, and was carried 
out by Herr Karl Satzenhofer, who is 
himself b'lind, at, the printing works 
of the Vienna Institute for the Educa- 
tion of the Blind. 

It Is the well known Lagenscbeidt 
dictionary which has been put into 
Braille type. The main difficulty was 
that in order to economize space the 
work had to be printed in what is 
known as the abreviated type, which 
in France is different from the system 
followed in Germany, and called for 
an intimate knowledge of both sys- 
tems on the part of the translator. 

Even with the use of the abreviated 
type the work consists of five ponder- 
ous folio volumes. Among .the first 
orders for the new" work was one fro 
Helen Keller. 


«<**rta«a, Ohio, Plain Dealer C&ff** 

aCPj£RA& AUGUST 8, 1910, 

Miss Theodora Josephine Franksen, 
a blind student at the University of 
Oh icago^ received at Ufe last com- 
mencevn<mj£\toJmzref/ot Ph. B., with I 
honors fo»el(RmenTe in Latin and in 
German. %nd, in addition, won a 
scholarship in the graduate school for* 
excellence in Latin. Last year Miss 
Franksen. as an honorary distinction, 
was elected to the f Phi Beta Kappa 

-r^ - 

4Ue*a4 » wo 

I ill 

Sad SeqiMl to Larceny Case in 


Was Robbed by Two Boys — Recogniz- 
ing Voices He Caused Their Arrest 
— Notified to Attend Court, Mr. 
Bean Succumbed to Heart Disease 
—Successful in Business. 


Special to The Union. 

CLAREMOXT, Aug. 4.— Last night two 

I boys, one 11 and the other 12 years of 

I age, went into Louis A. Bean's grocery 

store and asked for a yeast cake. Mr. 

Bean is bli nd jy ri keeps the cakes In the 

basemenT**^Riile he was after the same. 

the boys took five packages of tobacco 

and then skipped. Mr. Bean, although 

blind, was very keen and knew the boys 

by their voices. He telephoned Officer 

Whitney, who in turn hunted up the 

boys and procured the tobacco. 

This morning Chief Ober telephoned Mr. 

Bean to come to the hearing of the boys. 

Mr. Bean started making his way toward 

Tremont square, got as far as the store 

formerly occupied by Mr. Bartlett on 

Main street, and dropped dead from heart 

disease. He had been troubled with the 

malady of late and his wife thinks the 

excitement of the theft and his call to 

attend the hearing aggravated the 

In the meantime County Solicitor Frank 
lr; B V°"n was representing the state and 
\\ . E. Kinney the offenders, and Judge 
h.. E. Leighton presided at the trial. The 
boys pleaded guilty, but tried to impress 
all present by saying: "It is my first 
t me; you will let me off." This has been 
the custom and many boys have been on 
probation, but Solicitor Brown stated at 
the last case that it was the last time. 

Judge Leighton gave the boys a sen- 
tence to the State Industrial school for 
the rest of their minority, but by the 
appeal of the boys - fathers he suspended 
the sentence and placed the bovs under 
Probation Officer Charles H. Magown In 
return for. this consideration and kindness 
of the court, the parents of the boys took 
them in a side room, where about a dozen 
young lads had assembled to hear the 
trial, and proceeded to give them a public 
spanking that they will remember. 

Claremont probably has any town in the 
state beaten a mile for petty thieving 
breaking and entering and bands of boy 
thieves. There are quite a few serving 
time at the reform school for iust such 
offenses. Arresting them does not seem 
to be a cure, for the same ones have been 
up several times.- Xow the public spank- 
ing bee will be resorted to, as Solicitor 
Brown said, "to see if it would knock 
some ot the Jesse James and dime novel 
1 bravado out of the silly heads." 

The sudden death of Mr. Bean was a 
shock to the community, for he has al- 
ways been admired for his cheerfulness 
in his affliction. Mr. Bean was born in 
Canada fifty-eight years ago, and came 
to Claremont at the age of 20 and started 
in the tin peddler business. He was suc- 
cessful and married, having two children 
by this union. Later his wife died and 
In 18S0 he married Miss Delia Charron, 
and two children bless this unioft. 

Twenty-four years ago Mr. Bean be- 
came blind, but continued in his peddling 
business, one of his sons accompanying 
him on his trips. Later he started a store 
in Windsor, Vt., doing well. He then 
started a similar place in Charlestown. 
Becoming Interested in farming, he sold 
his business and bought a farm, but 
found it was not in keeping with a man 
without eyesight, so came back to Clare- 
mont sixteen years ago, starting a gro- 
cery business. 

Mr. Bean found everyone willing to help 
those who help themselves, and prospered 
in his business. He had no trouble in 
counting money, and knew all his cus- 
tomers and many others by their voices. 
He could place his hand on any article 
in his store as quickly as anyone having 

Mr. Bean leaves a wife and four chil- 
dren. One daughter married, July 28, 
J. M. Cummings. 

The arrangements for the funeral have 
not been made as yet. 

W. Y. TRIBUNE 1287m 



w,u ** 


EKIDAY, AUGUST 12, 1*12, 






Pedestrian Will Summon Aid From 
Officer, Who Will Guide Former 
Across Street — Stenogra- 
phers' Field Open. 

le Them to Call Policemen 
at Chicago Crossings. 

Chicago, Aug. 12.— Whistles of a special 
design as a means for blind personB to i 
signal policemen in the downtown quarter 
for assistance in crossing congested streets j 
will soon be furnished every sightless, per- j 
son in Chicago. Chief of Police Steward 
has approved tne plan and ordered the 
traffic squad to recognize the whistles. 

A blast from one of the -whistles, which 
will be different in sound from the regular 
traffic whistle used by patrolmen, will be a 
signal to crossing policemen to assist a 
blind person across a crowded thorough- 

Further opportunity for the blind to lie- 
come self- supporting has come, according 
to the officials of the Mutual Improvement 
and Advancement Association for the 
Blind, with the acceptance by Chief of 
Police Steward of the suggestion of the 
society relative to crossing the streets of 
the loop district. Every blind person who 
applies is to be equipped with a whistle, 
which he has merely to blow at the street 
corners to attract 'the attention of the 
crossing policemen, who will aid him across 
the street. 

Bertram Bell, 3218 Graves place, a blind 

piano tuner, wrote to the chief some time 

ago asking if the scheme of the associa- 

|tion to provide its members with whistles 

was acceptable. 

Differs From Policemen's Whistle. 
The chief asked for a sample of the 
whistle, and on investigating and discov- 
ering that it could in no way be. confused 
with the whistle of the policemen in charge 
of the street crossings, declared his will- 
ingness to accept the plan and at once is- 
sued an order to the force to listen for this 
whistle. x 

In addition to being of great assistance 

I to men handicapped like himself, Mr. Bell 
declared that the idea is bound to open up 
a field for blind girl stenographers. Owing 
to a recent invention a blind person maj 
take dictation on a specially contrived de- 
vice, a great deal in the manner of the 
ancient stilus. Combining the dictation of 
this sort with the •'touch" system on the 
typewriter, Mr. Bell says blind persons 
will be able to obtain positions as stenog- 

Scheme Will Aid Greatly. 
It no longer will be necessary for them 

[to pay some one to accompany them to 
their offices, now that the method has 
been found of readily calling the police- 
men at the street corners. In this way 
their coming and going will be made easy 
and regular and prompt appearance for 
work will be made possible. __y 


$ . i x 

N. Y. POST (28 8 Si 

FRIDAY, AUGUST 12, 1*12. 

Aua«*t 17 


I-ord Boston Delighted with Police 
Management of Traffic. 

Chicago.' August 12.— if the Earl of 
Euston has his way, the London "bobbies" 
may be performing ere long oh signal 
whistles like the Chicago policemen. 

Lord Euston yesterday complimented 
Chief of Police Steward on the excellence 
of Chicago's police service. 

"Decidedly," he said, "your method 
seems in some respects better than ours 
in London. I was amazed to observe how' 
skilfully you handled traffic during the ex- 
ceptional crowds attendant to the Knights 
Templar conclave. It is never entirely ar- 
rested, as it often is in London." 

He referred particularly to the whistle 
signals of crossing policemen, allowing 
first north and south and then east and 
Vest traffic to have right of way for brief 
periods. He said the gesture signals used 
in London had to be passed down the line, 
causing delay, whereas all those waiting 
could hear the whistle simultaneously, and 
get under way all at once. 

Lord Euston added that he meant to take| 
up the matter with the authorities of the 
larger British cities when he returnee 


Whistles of a special' ctesTgi^nas a means 
for blind persons to signal policemen in 
the downtown quarter for assistance in 
crossing congested streets will soon be fur- 
nished every sightless person in this city. 
The chief of police has approved the plan, 
and ordered the traffic squad to recognize 
the whistles. 

A blast from one of the whistles, which 
will be different in sound from the reg- 
ular traffic whistle, will be a signal to 
crossing policemen to assist a blind persoj 
across a crowded thoroughfare. 


d, mn*&* { 


Harmon yfPaf s of Mendon Makes 
BrooWfeVn Spite of the Fact That 
His Eyesight Is Gone. 

An interesting little industry, which 
at present is run by one man and 
he is totally blind, is attracting no 
little attention to residents of Men- 
don and to the many sight-seeing au- 
tomobile parties that happen to stop 
for a momenit in the v.cinity of the 
old church in Mendon village. The 
output of the shop is being used most- 
ly by Rutland people, who, through 
General E. H. Ripley, have purchased 
one of the articles, partially for the 
good quality in the goods, but more 
because they are manufactured by a 
blind man, who is endeavoring in an 
honest manner to support his invalid 
wife and two children. 

iFor nearly four years Harmon Da- 
vis of Mendon has been totally blind, 
his last work being for Gen. Ripley 
and at this time he had almost com- 
pletely lost his eyesight. About a 
year ago he went away to school and 
learned the art of making brooms 
and each day now the little shop is 
a busy place. Mr. Davis has several 
pieces of machinery used in the man- 
ufacture of these brooms, which he 
works himself. He makes a large 
stable broom and a broom used for 
household work. 

About a year ago Mr. Davis lost a 
son by tuberculosis and his wife bas 
been ill for many months with the 
same disease. 




Tuesday, August 30, 


Blind Republican Leader of Rhode Island 
-Falls in Providence Office* 

Republican Leader of Rhode Island. 

PROVIDENCE, Aug 29-Gen Charles 
R. Brayton, the widely known bllpd 
republican leader of Rhode Island, ana 

national -~i Pt f)in " this sta,;e ' 

Cell in his ofnce"m"the Banigan building 
today and was severely injured. He 
was removed to a private hospital on 
Benefit st where it was found he had 
sustained a fracture of the right hip. 

An X-ray examination will be made. 
The general was resting comfortably 
this afternoon. In falling the blind po- 
litical leader struck his hip against the 
edge of his desk causing the fracture 
land his right side was also badly 

The 1 1 rinm]t occ urred while, he was 
alone in In HTl»«i«<flfci. fTi 11 i sit- 

iw wn i i ui — m mim 

ting on a couch when the telephone 
bell ranp: and, being blind he was un- 
ffble to see where the instrument was. 
In groping his way around his feet 
slipped and he fell to the floor. The 
general is a heavily built man and 
fell with considerable force. 

The fall was heard in some of the 
adjoining offices and several persons 
rushed in. Gen Brayton was found ly- 
ing on the floor. Dr Martin S. Budlong, 
who is attending him, stated that the 
injury is not serious. The general's 
advanced age, however, he having 
just celeorated his 7 0tli birthday, and 
the fact that his health is not robust, 
causes considerable anxiety to be felt. 
A few weeks ago while marching with 
his veteran comrades to a re 



Take Large Party on Tour of 
Coney Island. 



Members of Industrial Home Aid 

Their Hosts in Making a 

Good Time. 

Brooklyn Lodge, No. 22. B. P. O. B.. 

of which Thomas T. Hay-Jen, the blind 

, . is a. member, made the members 

triiiJ i ijUiami' 

Xus. 512-516 (Sales an / by 

J giving" "llielfU 'tea outing to Coney Island 

oil Friday afternoon. 

The parly, nearly 100 strong, left the 
home at 1 o'clock iu two social trolley 
cars, which, were in charge of- Exalted 
Knler Albert T. Bronhy, Daniel A. Mc- 
and Frank C .Primrose, arriving 
a i I 'id Park a liitle after 2 

o'clock. They were there met by Sain- 
Ez, general li ' of 

Drea Park, and Prank Canna, 

who gave them the freedom of the place. 
After the guests had taken rides on all 
railways, merry-go-rounds, 
chutes an \va \ 

been entertained by visiting all the 
shows, they marched to . the restaurant 
and hotel, of Louis SUuidi, where an 
elaborate banquet was ,-in waiting for 
them. Mr. Stanch furnished an orches- 
tra to play for and entertain his, giiestff 
while tin s were being served. 

When coffee and cigars were reached. 
Toasi master Hben P. ' Moi-ford, supcrih- 
ut of the home, made an address 
in vyliioh he thanked Mr. Gutnperfz for 
the privileges of Dreamhnid Park: Mr. 
a for the splendid dinner, Messrs. 
US and Byrnes for their invitation 
to the "Kioeky Road to Dublin." and the 
Brooklyn Lodge of Elks, for their ninny 
kim! attentions. He then Introduced ttoe 
following members of the home, wdio en- 
tertained with speeches, songs, piano and 
violin solos and recitations, at the close 
of which everybody joined iu singing 
"Anld Lang Sync" 
Mrs. James Enuis, piano sob,: Samuel 
iks, violin solo: John Hicks, song; 
Mrs. E. Richards, song; Mrs. T. Hal- 
pin, song; John D. Sammis, song; Miss 
Adelaide E.' Packer, song; Charles Gil- 
dersleeve, recitation. 

There are also selections by the Ih- 
trial Home for the Blind quartet, con- 
sisting of Mrs. E. Bailey, Mrs. T. Ual- 
pin, Mrs. ('. ('lemons, .Mrs. J. Ennis. 

Among those presenl were Mr. and 
Mrs. E. Bailey. Mr. and Mrs. T. Ilal- 
pin. Mr. and Mrs. R. Fleming, \ incent 
iiinsr. Mr. and Mrs. II. Miller. May 
Miller, George Miller, Mr. and Mrs. ('. 
Clemens. Mr. and Mrs. .1. Ennis, Miss 
Ennis, Mr. and Mrs. S. Myers, Mar- 
Myers. George Myers, James 
livers, Norton Myers, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
Richards. Hazel Richards, Mrs. Cildei- 
sleeve, Mrs. Darsey. Frank HLutlon, 
George McKeou, Benjamin Martin, ()s- 
.. John Sammis, Fred Mol- 


N. T. MOnN. STJN (28TW 




So Expert Now That He Can 

itg^ettafb and Carrot Seeds 

tnenr a Petal Is Yellow or 

a Single Summer. 

The Tlhildren's Farm School in De Witt 
Clinton Park has taught two blind boys 
to raise "crops" equal in every respoct 
to those of the children who can see. In 
fact Mrs. Henry Parsons, in charge of the j 
school, and Mr. Brady, the boys' teaoher, 
insist that in the matter of beets and j 
carrots the blind children's work was 

The subjects of the experiment are Carl j 
and Peter, each 13 years old and 6trong 
boys for their years. Peter is totally j 
blind and has to be led everywhere. Carl, 
who can't distinguish anything more 
than four inches away from his eyes, has 
just enough vision so that he can go and 
fill Peter's watering pot. 

Carl's sister used to bring him to the 
park playground. Leaving him on a 
bench she would run off to the swings, 
and the boy would sit there listening to 
the other children playing. A gymnasium 
instructor saw Carl sitting there day 
after day and tried to think of some occu- 
pation for him. Finally the instructor 
suggested that a plot in the school garden 
be given to the boy. Then one day Carl 
came bringing Peter, and Mrs. Parsons 
decided to try the experiment of teaching 
the blind gardening for pleasure if not 
for profit. 

On June 10 they began teaching Peter 
and Carl to raise beans, beets, carrots, 
onions, radishes, lettuce and corn, just 
as the other children do. A wooden fence 
was built around Peter's plot, along which 
cords were 6trung to serve as guides to 
the five rows of "crops'" which were to be 
planted. Feeling these and measuring 
the distances by his fingers and arm Peter 
drew his miniature furrows and dropped 
or sprinkled his seeds. In his first at- 
tempt to cover the seeds he knocked the 
rows askew, but then by placing his hand 
on that of his teacher while he did a row 
in the right way Peter mastered that art. 

No erown up farmer would like to weed 
with his eyes shut, but that is what both 
Peter and Carl learned to do. They were 
taken to other children's plots, allowed to 
feel the different seedlings as they ap- 
peared and so taught to distinguish the 
tmy plants from weeds. Hand hoes not 
more than a fpot long were made for them. 
By keeping their left hand fingers a few 
inches ahead of the blade they did their 
hoeing without cutting down the vege- 

*i. Se « er !' 1 ™ eeka ago came the time for 
the first harvesting on the Children's 
Farm, which raises two rounds of crops 
in a summer. As radishes, beets and 
beans approached maturity the excite- 
ment among the small farmers waxed so 
tense that the distinction between meum 
and tuum was frequently last to view and 
the boy whose beans matured early was 
likely to find himself minus the beans. 
Even the observation plots, in charge of 
the instructors, were robbed of their prize 
products. But to the credit of the farm 
be it said that while the destruction walked 
around thern the blind boys' crops were 
left undisturbed. 

This harvesting was followed by the 
second planting. In this Peter and Carl 
showed such marked improvement that 
Mrs. Parsons believes that gardening in 
some of its branches can be made an em- 
ployment for the blind.- The sowing of 
beets and carrots by the blind boys was 
the best done on the farm. 

In a few weeks Peter and Carl have 
learned to distinguish the different seeds 
entirely by feeling. Peter has a feat 
which beats that of the girl in Grimm's 
fairy stories who had to pick lentils out 
of the ashes. That girl had beautiful 
blue eyes, and even at that she had to call 
on her fairy godmother to help her out. 
But Peter, who is totally blind, can take 
lettuce and carrot seeds mixed together 
and separate them correctly, though they 
are enough alike to deceive many persons 
who have their sight 

Peter's latest accomplishment is to dis- v 
tinguish bright colored flower petals 
one from the other apparently by some 
subtle difference in the texture of the 
blossom. That doesn't mean that he 
could tell whether it's a pale pink or a 
light blue aster or recognize any fine 
gradation of tint, but he knows a red 
petal from a yellow one. 

Altogether the instructors are much 
pleased with the summer's experiment 
and are as eager as the boys to continue, 
it next year. ^jjf 


MONDAY, SEPT. 19, 1910. 

Business Man Blind- 51 Years. 

Although he lost his sight 51 years 
ago, William E. Bonney. of South Han- 
over has carried on an extensive busi- 
ness during that time, retiring only- 
four years ago. For 12 years he was 
in the poultry business, raising fancy 
fowl. For 40 years he" manufactured 
writing ink and sent his goods all over 
the country. The figure nine has been 
a prominent factor In the different 
events of his life. He was born on 
Aug. 29, 1829. His eyes were injured 
in 1859. His wife died on July 9. Mr. 
Bonney is descended from the Pilgrims. 







Finds Stick in Street 
Strikes It with Stone. 


FALL .RIVER. Sept. 22— Antoine Ca- 
bral, 10 years old, picked up a small stick 
of dynamite on Oak Grove avenue, and 
putting it on a bowlder struck it with 
a stone. There was a terrific explosion 
resulting in young Cabral being blinded 
in the right eye. Two companions Lloyd 
and Byron Pearce. who stood nearby, 
wera stunned, but otherwise uninjured. 


Y. HEltALD {e87H 

•URDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1910. 

General Charles R. Brayton, 

Rhode Island's Leader, Dies 

political Control of Rhode 
?fand for Almost Thirty- 
Five Years. 

[SPECIAL despatch to the hekald.] 

Pbovidexck, R. I., Friday. — General 
Charles R. Brayton. the bj ind republican 
leade r of Rhode Island whoseponucalcon- 
troioinnlS 'State has been almost con- 
tinuous for nearly thirty-five years, died 
In a private hospital in this city this morn- 
ing. On August 16 General Brayton cele- 
brated his seventieth birthday. 

In the passing of General Brayton, 
among the first and probably the strongest 
o fthe political "bosses" In the history of 
the country, following on the heels of the 
announced retirement from political life 
of Senator Nelson W. Aldrich and- the 
death recently of Mr. Hunter C. White, 
Sheriff of Providence, the republican 
party, that is facing a crisis in this State, 
Is left to-night without an acknowledged 
leader of experience. 

The news of General Brayton's death 
came as a shook to every citizen in Rhode 
Island. At his own request no intimation 
of the seriousness of his condition had 
been made public since he was removed 
from his office on August 29 to the "hospi- 
tal, seriously injured, the result of a fall. 
Wholly unexpected, therefore, came the 
announcement that General Brayton had 
succumbed to complications, of which 
diabetes was the principal disease. It had 
been stated from time- to time that he 
was recovering from the .shock and a 
broken thigh. 

General Brayton came from a familv 
long identified with political life in this 
State. He was born at Apponaug, R. T., 
a descendant of the original white settlers 
in the colony of Roger Williams. His 
father was a Representative in Congress 
and his grandfather and an uncle were 
I both judges of the Supreme Court of 
Rhode Island. 

Returning from the civil war, where his 
j valor had won for him the brevet of 
brigadier general, he soon found himself 1 
in the game of practical politics after his 
appointment as Postmaster at Providence. 
His removal from this office in no way in- 
terfered with his popularity, but rather 
gave him more time and a greater oppor- 
tunity to build around himself a machine 
that for more than a quarter of a century 
has withstood the onslaughts of opposi- 
tion. He named Governors, legislators, 
United States Senators, and filled State 
and county offices with his constituents, 
although he never desired office for him- 
self. As a political "boss" his powers lay 
In his absolute control of the rural dis- 
tricts and the small towns of the State, 
which under the Rhode Island laws have 
the same representation in the State Sen- 
i£ *? S th « lar « e c 'ties. Year after year 
he thwarted attempts to change the State 
constitution in this respect 

Seven years ago General Brayton lost 

S erved e in Sht - Crushi ** ** the blow was, , 
I Z, n ^° manner to lessen his grip or 
political Rhode Island. Often his nam" 

»rhrf.° U « , f 01 * com P ari son with that o) 
o?s^n w Upk eVl the famo,ls "blind boss' 

W^n ra ~ Cl,C0 a score ot 5-ears ago. 

Recently General Brayton said- 

"The treatment I have received since I 
became blind has made me change mj 
mind about human nature and has con- 
vinced me that we're all wrong when we 
think that everybody's bad and that 
there's more bad than good in the world. 
Why, men who opposed me in everything 
when I had my sight and wouldn't >speak 
to me have helped me across the street 
man j' a time since I've been blind." 



Services in Providence for Rhode Island's 
Political Ruler 

Providence, R. I., Sept. 26— No more no- 
table funeral has ever been held In Rhode 
Island than that today of General Charles 
Ray Brayton, the blind Republican party 
leader, who for more than a generation had 
exercised such a powerful Influence over 
the destinies of this State. Hundreds of 
persons of all walks of life, from the chief 
executive of the State to its humblest citi- 
zen, crowded Grace Episcopal Church this 
afternoon to signify their love and respect 
for the man who, although denounced and 
abused from within and without the State, 
was esteemed by thousands throughout 
Rhode Island. The obsequies began with 
private prayers at the home of hi3 sister- 
in-law, Miss Bedell, after which the body 
was removed to Grace Church, where the 
public funeral was held at . two o'clock. 
Long before that hour, however, the pews 
were filled, except those which had been 
reserved, and when the service began the 
gathering had become^so large that a detail 
of thirty policemen was necessary to take 
care of the crowds outsldo the edifice. 

Rev. Frar.k Warneld, rector of the 
church, officiated, with Rev. Henry B. 
Blacklock as assistant. There was no eulo- 
gy. In the front of the church, where pews 
had been reserved for them, sat Governor 
Aram J. POthier and his staff, with the 
members of the general assembly, both past 
and present, all of whom were personal 
friends of the departed; the Republican 
State Committee leaders; and Mayor Henry 
Fletcher of this city with many other city 
officials and executives of other municipali- 
ties throughout the State. Hardly a city 
or town In the State was not represented. 

Among the fraternal and veteran organ- 
izations General Brayton was especially 
beloved and a large section of the church 
was occupied by delegations from those as- 
sociations, including the Third Rhode 
Island Heavy Artillery, Loyal Legion. 
Grand Army of the Republic, Kentish Ar- 
tillery Society, Society of Colonial Wars 
and the Masonic fraternity. There were 
eight honorary pallbearers, each of whom 
was selected from an organization witn 
which General Brayton was associated. 
Interment was in the family plot at Swan 
Point Cemetery. Only the Immediate fam- 
ily were present at the services at the 


Aiiierleft* f!9fc» 

ER 2 4, 1 

Intuition; of the Blind 
To the Editor of Tfe North American-. 
'THE sound or Apling, running water in 
the gutter a]q*er the eurbing of the west 
side of Logan SqiMre caused a blind gentle- 
f me. who faced north . 
Race street. to liait a 
|j£ ITfe edge of the sidewalk. Appro a 
I inquired if T could be of ass 

tl the number of hi i 
was directly opposite to where 
; turned. "In your sightlesssness. how are you 
to so accurately guide your steps?" wis 
illy question. "By the retentive mind, the 
ordination of circumstances, you* see the 
i he pavements. We are. conversant 
all obstructions, indentations, and by 
means acquire a sort of intuitive second a 

As he ascended the brownstone steps of 
house, 1 remarked: "The rolitioal boss lives 
along here somewhere?" "Yes," he laugh- 
ingly answered, "white I have not seen it. sitiil 
t know that I live within the shadow ot 
palace." WILLIAM T. TOTTKN. 

Philadelphia, Sent. 18. 


FRIDAY. SEPT. 30, 1910. 


Nothing in Will of "Blind Boss" to 
Indicate Size of Estate. 

WARWICK, R. I., Sept. 29 — The will, 
of Gen. Charles R. Brayton, the late 
"blind boss of Rhode Island," was filed 
for probate here today. The entire es- 
tate is left to the widow. 

The document is dated Sept. 11. 1898, 
and there is nothing in It to Indicate 
the size of, the estate. 

IftStatt tZftffltt&Kt]lt 



Summing Up the Lesson of His Career — 
Why He Was What He Was, and What 
He Might Have Been 

[From the New Bedford Standard, Rep.] 
The comments of the Providence news- 
papers which for a long time have been 
the vigorous and plain-spokon antagonists 
»f General Charles R. Brayton, upon the 
life which is now ended are, at the least, 
interesting. They are also suggestive of 
the change which has come in 'recent years 
over the journalistic treatment of the dead. 
It was said within not many years that a 
newspaper would exhaust its vocabulary 
of condemnation on a puhlic man while he 
was alive, and would then exhaust its vo- 
cabulary of praise the day after he had 
passed away. The adage, "Speak kindly 
of the dead," was interpreted to mean that 
words of indiscriminating eulogy were the 
only words of kindness worth while. It is 
not so today. He to whom is allotted the 
task of summing up the career of a public 
man considered dangerous in life is not ex- 
pected to indulge In mellifluous hypocrisies. 
Malice, indeed, can hold no place in any 
honest heart at such a time; and the dignity 
which death confers upon the meanest can- 
not fail to be realized. But the task Is, 
more often than most newspaper readers 




imagine, approached with a deep sense of 
responsibility, and with the unmixed de- 
sire to be just. Evidently this was the 
case with both the principal newspapers of 
Providence, neither of which has ever been 
accused of softness of speech in discussing 
the long-time boss. 

The Journal, for years an unwearying an- 
tagonist of General Brayton, calmly re- 
peats that "there was absolutely no com-, 
mon ground of understanding between what 
he deemed best for his party and what this 
paper deems best for the State," and while 
asserting that there is not the slightest de- 
sire to surrender principle or to give up tne 
fight, admits that this is no time to renew 
the discussion. And it summarizes its final 
word in this language: 

The old order changeth rapidly and the , 
day of evil things In American public lfe, 
of those dire conditions which foreign 
Cities poinfto. as the Incurable cancer o^ , 
American institutions is P a ssm w un 
wondrous speed. Nobody else will evei be 
the master of Rhode Is land politics as the 
dead leader was. . His friends testify to the 
good there was in him,, and the bad men 
do Is interred with their bones When a 
worn and tired fighter joins the bivouac 
of the dead, scarred by his years of service, 
it is not the hour to revive charges or even 
proofs of evil or error to which the open- 
ing grave can bring no answer. 

The Tribune undertakes a philosophical 
and analytical review of the general's 
career, and especially of the causes which 
made him what he was. It says that "his 
life was lived on a lower plane than that 
for which his natural qualifications fitted 
him," and finds that the Civil War "drew 
him down" when he was young by setting 
him "in the rough surroundings of camp 
and field, where patriotism did indeed flnme 
as a star, but where the more immediate 
and common influences were essentially 
coarsening." When the war was over, ac- 
cording to this view, he was released to 
civil life "too late for him to resume the 
better preparation for life work which had 
been abandoned; and it was late, too, with 
his experiences and his acquired habits of 
abnormal living, for him to tak« up nny 
common vocation at the apprenticeship 
point. So he drifted naturally into hold'ns; 
petty appointive offices and thence soon 
passed on to make politics his regular 
business, practically the sole occupation 
of his subsequent life, including the lob- 
hying in which he became extremely use- 
ful after he had acquired his political 
power." There will be those who will see 
only fanciful and fine spun speculation in 
such an explanation, and yet there are 
probably elements of large truth in it. 
Somewhere back of such external causes, 
however, there must have been a moral 
twist which made the tree of his life grow 
crooked. However, he paid a high pri«e 
for such success as he won, and as the 
Tribune says, "there must have been many 
quiet hours in his life, after the yeirs of 
retrospection and introspection came, when 
he sickened of his life work, preeminently 
successful rind fairly profitable though it 
was, and thought with regret of the nobler 
career that his birth and his abilities should 
have brought him." No risk is taken 
in saying this. More than one "success- 
ful" man has felt that emotion. 

The Tribune affirms of General Brayton 
that he did not rrimarily depend upon the 
arts of chicane and corruption: that he 
"used money to shape political results 
w*hen he thought it advisable to do so. but 
never as much money as he was encour- 
aged to use by those who employed him 
and who sought to acquire political honors 
or opportunities of money-makim? through 
him;" that he made politics a gainful busi- 
ness by "his power to organize men for 
his own purposes and discipline them into 
loyal service to him;" that he did not omit 
"to care for his wounded or to keep the 
ranks properly recruited;" that he was "an 
economical boss" who was "too skilful to 
need constantly to resort to crude bribery;" 
that he was continually persuaded that all 
which he did was for the public good; that 
he always "Insisted that the officials he 
chose should behave decently in public 
office" and that "many States that have 
had no boss or a less 'disreputable' boss 
have at one time and another in the last 
thirty years had worse government than 
General Brayton has uniformly given 
Rhode Island." 

In all this there is undoubtedly very 
much of truth, some openly declared and 
some— the more unpleasant— only hinted at. 
Another view from another State, aptly 
expressed, and true in its way also, is 
that of the New York Sun, which said: 

"General Brayton was a 'college man in 
politics,' a brave soldier In war, an 
astute, fearless and far-sighted leader. 
He was denounced, abused, threatened and 
assailed from within and without the State. 
His rule was declared to be despotic, cor- 
rupt and offensive. Attacks seemed only 
to consolidate and cement his strength. 
The only thing he had to fear apparently 
was a revision of the constitution of the 
State, and this, while frequently demanded, 
was never seriously threatened. The situ- 
ation of which he took advantage still 
exists. Anybody can take his place— that 
Is, anybody can who has the requisite 
capacity for hard work, the ability to 
manage men, and the genius of imposing 
his will on others." 

This last sentence for ans^body who mis- 
takenly thinks it an easy thing to be a 
successful political boss as was Charles R. 



Women and Elind Man Carried from 
Apartment on Ladders. 

Inmates of iho four-story brick apart- 
ment house at 5 and IS Oxford terrace, 
Sack nay. had narrow escapes from 
suffocation, and many of them were 
(■allied down ladders and smoke-filled 
stairways i»arly yesterday in a fire whlel 
caused damage estimated at $10,000. The 
building was occupied by 1- families, and 
had two entrances. Fire started in th« 
basement and spread rapidly to the rool 
by means of a light shaft, breaking oul 
almost simultaneously on each floor. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bertha Naugel. who lived 
on the top floor, were awakened by tin 
flames, and made a hurried escape. 
They sounded the alarm, and then went 
back to awaken their fellow-tenants. 
George Loans, janitor, helped in alarm- 
ing the sleeping families, but before 
those on the upper floors could escape 
the smoke and flames cut them off. 

Miss Bertha Sheppard and Mrs. Harry 
Clark were taken down ladders by fire- 
men from windows on the third floor. 
Policemen rescued Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 
Cummings from the third floor, and C 
B, Arspno. his wife and two other per- 
sons wove helped from the floor below. 

John Bates, a blind man who, with hi* 
wife, lived on the third floor, was th» 
last to be rescued. His wife was found 
screaming at a window and was takc;i 
down a ladder by the members of chem. 
ical 2. When she had reached the street 
she shouted that her blind husband was 
still in the burning building. Several 
members of engine 33 and ladder 13 hast- 
ened up the ladder again and enterci 
the window. They found Pates groping 
about in the smoke searching for tti* 
door. ITe collapsed in their arms. I-tfl 
"•as taken down the ladder to the streel. 
The firemen were cheered as they ap- 
peared in the window with Bates in 
their arms. 


Saturday, Oct. 1, 1910 


School Sessions to be 


Columbus day appropriate exercises 
will be held in the schools. Supt. Whit- 
comb has addressed a letter to the 
teachers dealing with Columbus day 
and other matters. The letter reads as 
Rooms of the School Committee, 

kowell, Sept. 30, 19H. 
To Teachers, Lowell Public Schools: 

October 12 being now a legal holiday 
you are authorized to omit the sessions 
of your schools on that day. For the 
preceding day I suggest such exercises} 
as will have historical value and be ap- 
propriate to the occasion. 

2. The state commission for the blind 
offers care and; education to blind chil- 
dren and to those with disabling de- 
fects of vision. An agent will visit 
such if given their address. Please help 
her and the children by reporting to me 
any cases of which you know, or of 
which you can learn from your pupils. 

3. Miss French, school visitor, reports 
herself as "very busy," yet able and 
more than willing to do more. Some 
schools call upon her often*, but a few 
have never dene so at all. If this is be- 
cause teachers a,re doing for their chil- 
dren all that a visitor can do then their 
course is most praiseworthy, but if they 
refrain from utilizing the services of 
Miss French for any other reason, the 
reverse is true. I shall be sorry if any 
teachers load Miss French with work 
which they can and ought to do them- 
selves; I shall -be equally sorry if any, 
having done all they can properly do 
themselves, fail to benefit their chil- 
dren by utilizing the services of Misa 
French. Write or telephone her. 

Very truly yours, 

A. K. Whitcomb, 

Supt. of Schools. 

f«r. -•»,•> -ton. x>, c, Bvanfns tftwr '(.« 


Handicraft Workfrs Will Have 
Plaoe td Sell Wares. 



Exchange to Be at Woodward & 

Lothrop's — Will Be Opened 



y y 

There'll be no school Colufnbus day, 
October 12, and on the day preceding 

Blind handicraft workers are to b' 
given a place in Washington where their 
wares can be exhibited and marketed. 
The new exchange for the blind is to 
be located just outside the cafe, in the 
store of Woodward & Lothrop. 

For some time past there has been an 
exchange, managed by the Tifliofilo, or 
the Friend of the Blind, as the associ- 
ation is known. The secretary and 
treasurer In Washington is Miss E. J. 
Giffin of t^.e reading room for the blind 
at the Congressional Library. The or- 
ganization reaches all over the United 
States, but there are about 100 blind 
peTsons in Washington who are directly 
helped. Some of them are merely read 
to and allowed to read at the Congres- 
sional Library, and others aro given 
work in copying books for the blind, and 
are taught to make such articles as the 
blind can make and sell.. 

There is a variety of these things. 
They can crochet, make fine lace and do 
some kinds of sewing. There are other 
special classes of work that they can be 
taught to do, though for the newest and 
more intricate things it is desirable to 
have a trained teacher. Some of the blind 
are partially dependent on their own ex- 
ertions for a living, and all of them feel 

y(e r 

' that they want to earn something either 
to Support themselves or help others simi- 
larly afflicted. Some of them have been 
able to be partially self-supporting 
through the sale of their products at the 
exchange for the blind on East Capitol 

Sold Work at Library. 

Formerly they were allowed to keep 
their work on sale at the Congressional 
Library, and there was a considerable 
amount of it sold there. But there was 
some objection raised to doing this in a 
government building, and the exchange 
was started through the aid of one of the , 
friends of the association. 

Recently the matter was presented to j 
8. W. Woodward of Woodward & Loth- 
rop. He said that he would be glad to 
give the workers a stand In that s^ore, : 
and arrangements were accordingly made ■ 
for some show cases and an attendant. J 
Miss L. J. Miller, who is one of the en- ' 
thusiastic workers of the association, said 
that she would act as saleswoman and 
the stand accordingly will be opened to- 

Miss Giffln says that the association 
hopes soon to be able to employ a regu- 
lar handicraft teacher, and it is possible 
that eventually there can be a regular '. 
library and crafts shop established here. 

There is much work done abroad in as- 
sisting the blind, whose most urgent want 
is books. There are several systems of 
blind writing, but that generally adopted 
here is the stencil perforation. An ex- 
pert operator can perforate a blind page 
aimost as rapidly as one can write in 
long hand. There' are a good many volun- 
teer copyists among the ladies in Lon- 
don, and some of these have learned to 
perforate blind books and make a copy 
from a printed book. This copy in turn- 
is given to a blind copyist, and they are 
paid for their work. It helps them to 
support themselves and adds books to the 
already large blind library. 

Had 1,200 Copyists. 

Miss Austin, secretary of the National 
Lending Library in London, told Miss 
Giffln that she had 1,200 volunteer copy- 
ists on her list. There is a similar In- 
stitution, the Valentin Hauy in Paris and 
there they have 1,500 volunteer copyists, i 
The workers for the blind here express 
the hope that there may ultimately be as 
many volunteer workers in the large 
cities of this country. 

The fact that there has been a centrally 
located exchange secured, they think, will 
go far toward helping the work and 

^ creating more general Interest. The 
ladies who are interested iu the move- 
ment say they want to make it clear that' 
there are no commissions or other charges 
attached to the work of the blind artisans 
now put on sale, but that all the proceeds 
will go directly to the workers. 



Chaplain of Massachusetts State Prison 
Succumbs Suddenly to Heart Disease 

A despatch from Saratoga, N. T., an- 
nounces that Rev. Samuel Stanley Searing 
of Boston, chaplain of the Massachusetts 
State prison and penitentiary, was found 
dead at the home of relatives in Saratoga, 
where he was visiting. Heart disease was 
the cause of death. He was prominent in 
the Episcopal Church work for the deaf 
and dumb and was well known throughout 
New England. He was born in Saratoga 
Nov. 25, 1859. 

Mr. Searing was made a deacon by 
Bishop Doane of Albany in 1883 and he 
was ordained an Episcopal priest by Bishop 
Brooks in 1892. He gave his time largely 
to serving as priest and chaplain to deaf 
mutes and also supplied pulpits frequently. 
In Boston Mr. Searing in his ministrations 
to the deaf mutes was connected with the 
former St. Andrew's Church in Chambers 
street, a mission of Trinity Church. 


Was Prominent in Work 
For Deaf and Dumb. 

Founder of Home in Allston For 
Infirm Deaf and Blind, 

SARATOGA. N Y, Oct 5— Rev Samuel 
Stanley Searing of Boston, who was 
called by courtesy chaplain of the Mas- 
sachusetts state prison, was found dead 
at the home of relatives here, where he 
was visiting. 


He was prominent in the Episcopalian 
church work for the deaf and dumb, 
and was well known throughout New 
England. He was born in this village 
Nov 26, 1859, and was ordained an Epis- 
copalian rector by the late Bishop 
Brooks. Heart disease was the cause of 

Rev Mr Searing founded a home for 
the aged blind and infirm deaf in All- 
ston in 1902. He was rector of St An- 
drews church mission for the deaf on 
Chambers st, Boston. At one time he 
had charge of a class of deaf mutes at 
the church of the Good Shepherd, where 
he was curate for one year. 

n^ii 111 !, cu »' at S ° f the church of the 
Good Shepherd Rev Mr Searing acted 
as chaplain of the McLean asylum for 
the insane. He was chaplain at the 
house of correction for eight vears be- 
fore the removal of the prisoners 

Rev Mr Searing had been preaching 
tp deaf mutes in Massachusetts in 
the sign language for almost 20 years. 


Officers of the Massachusetts State 
Prison Thought Rev Mr Searing 
Was Recovering. 

The announcement of the sudden 
death of Rev Samuel Stanley Searing 
came as a surprise and shock to the 
officers of the Massachusetts state 

prison. Mr Searing had been visiting 
the prison for several years as the rep- 
resentative of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. His work .at the prison was 
confined to those prisoners who were 
of his own communion. He was often 
called "Chaplain" Searing, although he 
was not the official chaplain of the in- 

Warden Benjamin P. Bridges of the 
prison said yesterday that he knew Mr 
Searing had been in ill health, but had 
heard that he was recovering. 


3 - .. — " .1^ =. 


■■' ■ ■ ■ = 


Episcopal Rector and Prison Work- 
er Dies in Saratoga, N. Y. 

The Rev, Samuel S. Searing, repre- . 
sentative worker of the Protestant Epis- ] 
copal Church among the prisoners of 
the Concord Reformatory and the Mas- 
sachusetts state prison at Charlestown, 
died suddenly yesterday of heart disease 
at the home of relatives in Saratoga, N. 
Y., where he had been visiting. He was 
also prominent in the work among the 
deaf and dumb of New England, car- 
1 rierl on by the Episcopal Church. 

The Rev. Mr. Searing was born at 
Saratoga, N. Y., on Nov. 25. 1S59. In 
1SS3 he was ordained an Episcopal rector 
by Bishop 'Doane and, shortlv after, 
came to Boston, where he became an 
assistant to the Rev. George J. Prescott 
of the Church of the Good Shepherd, in 
the Back Bay. 

When still a boy, he had once been 
confined in a hospital, and there learned 
the hand-language of the deaf mutes, 
from another patient. When he came to 
the Church of the Good Shepherd, Mr. 
Rearing found a sort of deaf mute col- 
ony regularly attendant at and assisted 
by the church, and. perfecting his knowl- 
edge of their language, he prepared him- 
iself for active work among them. The 
scope of his labors gradually broad, 
until, of late years, he had labored 
among those so afflicted in all parts of 
New England. At the Charlestown state 
prison he labored much among the con- 
victs, and many knew him as "Chap- 
lain." This titlo was only one of cour- 
tesy, however, as he was not officially 
connected with the institution. 

B0B3Kft.\ r.<f53. 4 fcVE. atftKr 

L.. Thursday, Oat 6, 

WOBURAfc. 3r v \ 

The public library trustees have made 
arrangements to place upon the reading 
tables all the principal trade and tech- 
nical magazines. There will be also 
books printed in raised letters for the 
use of the blind. The latter are for 
home circulation. 


Friday, Oct. 7, 1910 


PITT!?fcWt«r"#ct. 7 -An unusual feat- 
ure of the argument before the state 
supreme court in the appeal of Veronica 
Jorke against the Berwind- White Coal 
Company was that William M. Gillespie, 
attorney for the appellant, was blind 
With a voluminous book of papers on 
which were raised characters he read 
by running the tip of his finger over 

Oof obey ) .. 13(0. 

The "Bray ton will shows that he was 
good to his wife, too. It is often 
with the men whose dealings with the 
world ai aed. 

t- ■^ 

T** Outlook 

OCTOBER 8, 1910 


In Rhode Island one 
may almost say that the 
Governor is nothing, the boss everything. 
The Constitution of the State does not 
even give the Governor veto power, and 
the compactness of the political machine is 
such that one man can control the politics 
and patronage of the State to a degree 
hardly equaled elsewhere. Charles R. 
Bray ton, who died last week, has often 
been called the dean of the political b< >sses 
of the United States. Although for seven 
or eight years he had been totally blind, 
he did not for a moment relax his hold on 
the political machinery of the State. Even 
in those rare intervals when the Demo- 
crats were in power, Brayton continued to 
have complete control over Federal ap- 
pointments and kept his party machinery 
in perfect working order. It is said that 
at one time when a Democratic Governor 
and Lieutenant-Governor had been elected 
and the reform papers were rejoicing 
over the defeat of bossism, General Bray- 
ton (he had some claim to the title, for he 
had served with credit in the Civil War) 
exclaimed : " What are they blowing so 
hard about it for ? They've only got a 
Governor who can't do anything but sign 
commissions for notaries, and a Lieuten- 
ant-Governor who can't do anything." 
The standards of Boss Brayton were those 
of the old-fashioned ring politician who 
thoroughly believes that nothing can be 
done in the way of government except 
through patronage. He made no bones, 
as the phrase goes, of encouraging the 
most offensive kind of lobbying, and bar- 
tered offices as if they were cabbages. 
Personally, he did not care much about 
holding office, although in his younger 
days he was postmaster of Providence. 
But he keenly enjoyed being the power 
behind the throne, and the subserviency 
of minor politicians and office-holders to 
their recognized boss has for twenty years 
been Rhode Island's disgrace. Brayton 
was a man of considerable sense of hu- 
mor, and many stories are told of his frank 
and even brutal methods of emphasizing 
his power. It is said that he protected 
the State Treasury, and that the new 
State House, which cost about three mill- 
ion dollars, was erected without fraud or 
scandal. But the legislation dictated by 
the boss was notoriously influenced by the 
desires of the great corporations, and the 
prevalence of what goes by the name of 
li honest graft" was - undeniable. Boss 
Brayton was a striking illustration of that 
political type represented vividly in Mr. 
Winston Churchill's novel " Mr, Crewe's 

ti8W YORK, N. Y., WORLD <S«f 

. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1910. 


They Give Part of Their Allow- 
ances and Sacrifice Luxuries 
to Pay Year's Expenses 
for Margaret Hogan. 


College Friends Come to Rescue, 

and She'll Be Able to Stay 

and Win Degree. 

Through the generosity and self-sac- 
rlflce of her classmates, . the Barnard 
seniors, Margaret Hogan. vthe blind stu- 
dent, who expected to begin her career 

as a breadwinner yesterday, will be 
enabled to remain for her fourth year 
at the college to complete her course 
and win her A. B. 

Four hundred and fifty dollars to 
cover her expenses have been placed In 
the hands of the girl. As a perform- 
ance in high financ* it has no equal in 
Barnard student annals. The money 
was raised in thjree days, and saved 
Miss Hogan to the class by a margin 
of forty-eight hours. How was it done? 
i Ask the girls wbo went deep into their 
I monthly allowances, cutting down all 
1 supplies to the bare necessities. Ask the 
girls who commandeered certain sums 
from certain wealthy relatives and 
friends. Ask those that gave the small 
contributions -which contained in gener- 
osity all the* value of the large subscrip- 
tions. It was a deal in fudge and elo- 
quence aip'd loyalty which does grea'. 
credit to the class of 1911. 

Her Struggle for Education. 
This Is the way it came about. Mar- 
garet Hogan was early left an orphan 
and received her Instruction at the In- 
stitution for the Blind at Ninth avenue 
and Thirty-fourth street. As yea.s 
passed and the girl grew to the verse 
of womanhood in the school she was I 
looked upon as one of the family. The 
principal, Mr. Waite, took a personal in- 
terest in her development and, finding 
her ambition and industry well matched, 
cailed the attention of Dean Russell of 
Teachers' College to her. It was through 
hi m ttiat the scholarship came which 
three years ago gave Miss Hogan her 
entrance into Bamard. At the same 
time a rich woman undertook to pay 
for her maintenance in the college dor- 
mitory, Brooks Hail. 

Miss Hogan was proficient on the 
typewriter, transcribing all the notes 
taken at lectures or such extracts from 
text books as she desired, which were 
afterward put into raised type that sne 
might read and study them. 

iter advance was rapid. She made re- 
markably good averages In competition 
with her seeing classmates. Last year 
she removed from Brooks Hall to Whit- 
tier Hall. 

Found Fnnd Exhangted. 
It was just before the beginning of the 
present session that Miss Hogan learned 
that the fund for her support had been 
exhausted and that she would be ex- 
pected by the friends who had forward- 
ed her progress to provide for herself. 
While she was already well equipped as 
a teacher her failure to complete her 
course and the absence of a degree made 
It necessary for the blind girl to look for 
a lesser position than the one she had 
hoped to take. Her plan had been to 
■become an advanced teacher of the 
blind, history being her chosen subject, 
and to teach from the college, stand- 

Miss Hogan, however, bravely set 
about obtaining 'he post that must be 
open to her under the altered condi- 
tions and arranged to take a place as a 
teacher of blind children In an institu- 

She had kept her trouble to herself, 
and the Seniors only learned the secret 
Monday of last week. There was an 
instant call to arms, and on Thursday 
night Miss Hogan was the happiest girl 
on College Heights. Her final year in 
college was assured. Yesterday she 
working with might and main in he: 
classes again. And the Seniors 
brought about the miracle? Under th 
guidance of their class president. Mis 
Frances Randolph, the ringleader in th 
affair, they button up ilieir lips an 
look a a if they did not know a thin 
about it. 



w. r. BVKN. WOULD (tfftlt 




Seniors Raise Fund To Enable 
Margaret Hogan to Com- 
plete Her Course. 


Money Secured in Three Days 

and Miracle Workers Will 

Not Tell How. 

Miss Hogan was proficient on the 
typewriter, transcribing all the notes 
taken at lectures or such extracts from 
text books as she desired, which we're 
afterward put into raised type that sue 
it read and study them. 

Her advance was rapid. She made re- 
markably good averages in competition 
with her seeing ifees. Last year 

she removed from Brooks Hall to Whit- 
tier Hall. 

Kept Trouble Secret. 

It was just before the beginning of the 
present session that Miss Hogan, learned 
that the fund for her support had been 
exhai and that she would be ex- 

pected by the friends who had forward- 
ed her progress to provide for herself. 
While she was already well equipped as 
a teacher her failure to complete her 
course and the absence of a degree made 
it m for the blind girl to look for 

a lesser position than the one she had 
hoped to rake. Her plan had been to 
become an advanced teacher of the 
blind, history being her chosen subject, 
and to teach from the college stand- 

Miss Hogan, however, bravely set 
about obtaining 'lie post that, must be 
open to her under the altered condi- 
tions and arranged to take a place as a 
teacher of blind children in an institu- 

She had kept her trouble to herself, 
and the Seniors only learned the secret 
Monday of last week. There was an 
instant call to arm?, and on Thursday 
night Miss Hogan was the happiest girl 
on College Heights. Her final year in 
college was assured. Yesterday she was 
working with might and main in her 
classes again. 

That Margaret Hogan, the blind Bar- 
nard student, is not to-day engaged in 
the struggle of b readwinne rs is due to 
the generosity of her cl 
have ra ;nd sufficiently large to 

enable the 'girl to complete iter foiiKth 
\ear at the college and win her degree 
before going forth to face the world un- 
• the handicap of sightlessness. 
Four hundred and fifty dollars to 
cover iter ex a placed in 

hands of the girl. As a perform- 
ance in high finance it has no equal in 
^Barnard student annals. The money 
was raised in three days, and saved 
Miss Hogan to the class by a margin 
»t ' as it done 9 

Ask the girls who went deep into their 
monthly allowance.*, cutting 1 down all 
supplies to the bare necessities. Ask -the 
girls who comn d certain sums 

from certain wealthy relatives ant 
friends. Ask those that gave 
itritmtions which contained in gener- 
value of the large subscrip- 
tions, it was a deal in fudge and elo- 
quence and loyalty which does great 
credit to the class of 1911. 

Aided by Scholarship. 
This Is the way it came about. Mar- 
ret Hogan was early left an orpha i 
and 1 her instruction at the In- 

i for the Blind at Ninth avenue 
and TmTry Cum ill it r T geT As yea.s 
aed and the girl grew to the verge 
ood in the school she was 
looked upon as one of the family. The 
•iCipal, Mr. VVaite, took a personal in- 
terest in her development and, finding 

ambition and industry well mate- 
called the attention of Dean Russell of 
Teachers' College to her. It was through 
hi m that the scholarship came which 
■e years a:-;o gave Miss Hogan her 
entrance into Barnard. At the same 
time a rich woman undertook to pay 
for her maintenance in the college dor- 

5JSW YtlRK. ft. Y.. AMBRfOA* ffW 


Barnard Girls Raise 
$450 |or Bl Wtatot 

Comrade Was About to Give Up Her 

Studies When They Heard of ft; 

Now She Will Graduate. 

Four hundred and fifty dollars, col- 
lected in three days by the girls of the 
senior class at Barnard, has been given 
to Miss Margaret Hogan, a band student 
In the class, who was about to leave the 
college because she had not sufficient 
funds to go on. 

Miss Hogan Is an orphan. |Aa a child 
she attended the school for the blind at 
Ninth avenue and Thirty-tfoiurtai street, 
where her (proficiency attracted the atten- 
tion of a wealthy -woman, who estafblisthed 
a fund for her mantenance at Barnard. 

The fun ran short, however, and Miss 
Hogan, whose ambition Is to be a teacher 
of the blind, iwas on the point of giving 
up her course and going- to work in a I 
small school. 

the other girls in her class did not 1 
hear of her difficulty until a week ago 
yesterday. There was an immediate 
meeting and all volunteered to sacrifice 
fudge and fun, and also to appeal to 
their relatives. 

Many of the girls made really big 
sacrifices from their small allowances; 
but the needed sum and more was raised 
by Thursday, and the joyous news was 
conveyed to Miss Hogan. She will now 
be able to remain at the college until 
Spring, when she will receive her degree. 

Miss Frances Randolph, the leader hi 
th| fund collecting, as well as all the 
otler girls who, participated^ refused to 
Bar a word aboat the matter last night. 

W. Y. I5*. jj 



Mal«/tlfl^kilJte.for Margaret 
Hcfeaft'to Complete Her 
Course at College. 


Barnard seniors one and all. 
taken an elective course in self-sacritice 
and generosity, and have already passed 
it successfully. There arc ho "flunks*' 
and no real gradations in credit. 

Margaret Hogan, the blind girl of the 
class of 1011. lia> made if possible for 
her classmates so to distinguish them- 

Karly an orphan, she was educated at 
The Institution IV'- the Blind at Ninth 
avenue and Thirty-fourth street. Fler 
proficiency attracted considerable atten- 
tion, and a scholarship made it possible 
for her to attend Barnard, where her 
living expenses were supplied !>y a '-er- 
rant wealthy woman. For three years 
Margaret Hogan in spite of her handi- 
cap, did her work thoroughly and cheer- 
fully, all in preparation for an eventual 
position as teacher for the blind. 

But: a few weeks ago she discovered 
thai her expense fund had been ex- 
hausted, and that it would be necessary 
for lie- to accepl a minor position since 
a degree was a prerequisite for a higher. 

It Was only by chance that her class- 
mates learned of Iter trouble. Generally 
admired and loved by them all. her dilem- 
ma aroused their quick .and positive sym- 
pathy, and in three days $430 was raised 
by them that Margaret might complete 
her course. The sum. it seems, is ample. 

The seniors are silent as to their 
labor of lore: but they can't prevent an 
"A" being placed to their credit— some 
Low, by some one. 

tostwt Mtmmtmt 


Barnard Girls Aid Blind Stndent 

Through the generosity of her class- 
mates, the Barnard seniors, Margaret 
Hogan, the blind student, who expected 
to begin her career as a breadwinner yes- 
terday, will be enabled to remain for her 
fourth year at the college to complete 
her course and win her A. B. 

Four hundred and fifty dollars to cover 
her expenses have been placed In the 
hands of the girl. The money was raised 
in three days, and saved Miss Hogan to 
the .class by a margin of forty-eight 
hours. How was It done? Ask the girls 
who went deep into their monthly al- 
lowances, cutting down all supplies to tho 
bare necessities. Ask the girls who com- 
mandeered certain sums from certain 
wealthy relatives and friends. ABk those 
that gave the small contributions which 
contained in generosity all the value of 
the large subscriptions. It was a deal 
In loyalty which does great credit to the 
class of 1011. 



.) evening mmaaja 

Tuesday, Oct. 11, 1510 


Thanks to Them Miss Hogan 
Can Finish Her Course 

4EW YcllC, 


NEW YORK, Oct. 11— Through the 
generosity and self-sacrifico of her 
classmates, the Barnard seniors) Mar- 
garet Hogan, the blind student, who ex- 
pected to begin her career as a bread- 
winner yesterday, will be enabled to re- 
main for her fourth year at the college 
to complete her, course and win her 
A. B. 

Four hundred and fifty dollars to 
cover her expenses has been placed in 
the hands of the girl. As a perform- 
ance in high finance it has no equal in 
Barnard student annals. 

The money was raised in three 
days, and saved Miss Hogan to the 
class by a margin of 48 hours. How 
was it done? Ask the girls who went 
deep into their monthly allowances, 
cutting down all supplies to the bare 
necessities. Ask the girls who com- 
mandeered certain sums from certain 
wealthy relatives and friends. Ask 
those that gave the small contribu- 
tions which contained in generosity 
all the value of the large subscrip- 
tions. It was a deal in fudge and elo- 
quence and loyalty which does great 
credit to the class of 1911. 

Margaret Hogan was early left an 
orphan and received her instruction 
at an institution for the blind. The 
principal, Mr. Waite, took a personal 
interest in her development and, find- 
ing her ambition and industry wen 
matched, called the attention of Dean 
Russell of Teachers' College to her. It 
was through him that the scholarship 
came which fTTree years ago gave Miss 
Hogan her entrance into Barnard. At 
the same time a rich woman under- 
took to pay for her maintenance in 
the college dormitory. 

Miss Hogan was proficient on the type- 
writer, transcribing all the notes taken 
at lectures or such extracts from text- 
books as she desired, which were after- 
ward put into raised type that she might 
read and study them. 

Her advance was rapid. She made re- 
markably good averages in competition 
with her seeing classmates. Last year 
she removed from Brooks Hall to Whit- 
tier Hall. 

It was just before the beginning of the 
present session that Miss Hogan learned 
that the fund for her support had been 
exhausted and that she would be ex- 
pected by the friends who had for- 
warded her progress to provide for her- 
self. While she was already well 
equipped as a teacher, her failure to 
complete her course and the absence of 
a degree made it necssary for the blind 
girl to look for a lesser position than 
the one she had hoped to take. Her 
plan had been to became an advanced 
teacher of the blind, history being her 
chosen subject, and to teach from the 
college, standpoint. 

She had kept her trouble to herself, 
and the seniors only learned the secret 
Monday of last week. There, was an 
instant call to arms, and on Thursday 
night Miss Hogan was the happiest girl 
on College Heights. 

R Y. IflBAAMI *«M«f 



Miss Margaret Hogan's Funds Fail 

and Her Classmates Come 

to Her Aid. 

Miss {Margaret AHogan, a bli'3 student 
at BaAiard 4 Calfege, who t'.ousht she., 
would/ havV to earn her living, was told 
yesterday by other members of the senior" 
class that they have raised |450, enough 
money to enable the young women to com- 
plete her year's work in school and so ob- 
tain the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 

Miss Hogan, who is an orphan, entered; 
Barnard after she had completed a course 
of study in the Institution for the Blind 
at Ninth avenue and Thirty-foirrth street. 
For the last three years she has been 
studying at Barnard under a scholarship 
which she won. 

Lately her funds have failed. It wa 
thought until yesterday she would be un 
able to continue with her studies. 

». T. 9L09H (8 Iff) 



"What the Eye Does Not See 
the Heart Does Not Grieve 
For," Says Simons, Head of 
Boy and Girl Street Cleaners 


So He Keeps Busy Directing 
His Juvenile Leagues, Which 
Are Growing Rapidly — He 
Tells of His Struggles. 

What the eye does not see the 
heart does not grieve for. 

My loss of sight has never 
handicapped me. It helped 
me to work harder. 

Enthusiasm for your work will 

take you over the hardest 

place in the road. 

J have been a very happy man. 

1 have been doing the work for 

my city I have longed to do. 

I never realize while I am busy 

- that I cannot see. So I 

manage to keep always busy. 



He is alert, brisk, happy, this general 
of an army of 150,000 children. Only his 
eves are dead. They refuse to tell him 
the difference' between broad noon and 
midnight— and Commissioner Edwards of 
the Street Cleaning Department has 
called him "the most valuable man in the 
department." Another man in his case 
might have been tied to a tapping stick 
and spent his hours railing at fate. 
Reuben S. Simons, supervisor of the 
Juvenile League, auxiliary to the Street 
('leaning Department, has been too happy 
and busy to even remember that he can- 
not see. He is an incurable optimist. 
He preaches the doctrine of hard workj 
and zealous devotion to duty. 

"Are you not handicapped by your 
blindness?" he was asked. 

"Not a bit of it!" he ripped out, explo- 
sively. "I never think of it, except when 
1 hear some one speak of 'the poor blind 
man.' That cuts like a knife. I do my 
work as well as though I had my eyes — 
maybe better. There are no distractions 
in this world within which I live. I only 
think of my work. What the eye does 
not see the heart does not grieve for." 

Thirteen years ago Reuben Simons's 
eyes began to pain him. For the past 
seven years he has been totally blind. 
And yet within that time he has organ- 
ized a movement among the school chil- 
dren of New York In which 150,000 are 
now enlisted. They pledge themselves to 
nid the Street Cleaning Department in 
keeping the thoroughfares free of rubbish. 
Their duty is not merely the passive one 
of refraining from throwing trash upon 
the street. They help enforce the law. 
Erring householders are warned by the; 
volunteer aides, and if that warning is 
not obeyed there is prompt recourse to 
the law. The members of the seventy- 
two leagues, in seventy-two school build- 
ings of the city, make regular reports to 
the Street Cleaning Department. 

"The school children are the depart- 
ment's most valuable aides," said Com- 
missioner Edwards. "They not only help 
us keep the streets clean, but they edu- 
cate their parents in the A B C of street 

And this blind man was the pioneer iu 
the work. He thought of it first, im- 
pelled by his liking for children and a 
certain instinct for sociability that has 
nlways been his. "I always liked to 
organize clubs when I was a boy." he 
said. "We organized for all sorts of pur- 
poses. I like excitement, brisk move- 
ment, happiness. I like to see things." 
The incongruity in that expression does ' 
not bother him. "I have cultivated the 
inner eye," he said. "I have a power of ! 
imagination. I can see you and the 
people passing by just as I can see the 
children sitting before me when I go 
into a school room to organize a junior 
league. It never occurs to me to think 
that I am blind." 


So notably success) 
the Juvenile League been that it has 
been copied elsewhere. Mr. Simons gets 
letters almost every day from interested 
persons all over the country. To-day his 
mail contained a letter from a woman in 
California, and another from Boston, and 
another from .the middle west, and one 
from New Jersey. In spite of compara- 
tively slender notice by the agents of 
publicity, knowledge of the work the 
children are doing for the city's streets 
and for their own parents has spread. 
The leagues have been organized in al- 
most every state in the L'nion. 

-Now the Board of Health has taken 
a leaf out of my book.'' said Supervisor 
Simons, with a chuckle of intense en- 
joyment. "They are organizing the chil- 
dren into leagues, too, just as 1 began to 
do years ago. Well— the more the mer- 
rier. They will never know how anxious 
the children are to help, and what effi- 
cient and intelligent aid they can give, 
until they have the experience that I 
have had." 

Supervisor Simons is a well set-up, 
strongly built, upright mau of fifty-one 
years of age. Xo one would imagine him 
blind by the appearance of his eyes or 
by his manner. With one hand caught 
in the elbow of an assistant, Mr. David- 
son, he tramps through crowded streets 
as confidently as though he had his sight. 
And he is invariably smiliug and good 
humored. A heavy mustache covers a 
mouth that is quick to respond to any 
hint of humor, and a dimple in either 
cheek has been worn by constant smiling. 
His is the very spirit of optimism. He 
is never downcast and never discouraged 
—or if he is, no one is permitted to 
find it out. 

"I broke down once,*' said he. "That 
was fourteen years ago, when Prof. 
Knapp told me that sooner or later I 
was sure to lose my sight. I was not a 
rich man. I had just secured a position 
in the Street Cleaning Department, and 
I had a wife and family dependent upon 
me. I do not remember that walk 
through the streets from the physician's 
office to my home, but when 1 got home 
I threw myself on the bed and burst 
into a storm of tears. The future looked 
black to me. It was hard to realize that 
soon the light of the sun would go out, 
and I would be left in the world blind 
and helpless. But that rain soon passed, 
and there has never been another. I de- 
termined to make a place for myself, and 
to forget the doom that was hanging over 
me. I did not dare to be cowardly. My 
family had no one else on whom 10 de- 

He had been detailed as a sweeper in 
the Street Cleaning Department in 18S9. 
"I thought when I went into the de- 
partment," said he, "that I had entered 
upon a sinecure. Well, it might have 
been one — but as I became acquainted 
with the work of the department I de- 
termined that 1 would do my work to 
the very best of my ability. I took pride 
in it aud in the city in which I was 
jborn. I might have gone along looking 
wise and drawing my pay, but that did 
not appeal to me. In a few weeks I 
began to realize the duty I owed as a 
citizen, and I took hold in earnest. John 
T. Oakley, the present deputy city clerk, 
was then complaint clerk of the depart- 
ment, and he made me" an inspector to 
investigate the complaints he received." 

There were only 185 sweepers in the 
entire city then, as against the 3,300 now 


Reuben S. Simons and William Wertheimer. 

employed in the three boroughs. When 
Col. Waring became street cleaning com- 
missioner, in 1895, Simons was acting 
messenger in the chief clerk's office. 
Waring had noticed his activity and 
ability as an organizer, and in a talk 
one day suggested that he go out and 
organize the children of Greater New 
York foi the purpose of aiding the de- 
partment to keep the streets clean. That 
spring Simons got permission to address 
the public schools. At first the children 
thought they were being asked to spy 
upon their neighbors, but when that mis- 
apprehension was removed they became 
enthusiasts. The work of organization 
was carried on in the settlement houses, 
but when one of the settlement workers 
was asked to resign in 1892 by Com- 
missioner McCartney the settlement 
houses were closed against the junior 
street cleaners. 

"I had no places to hold my meetings 
except on the streets and in the parks," 
said Mr. Simons. "So I held them there. 
Many a time our enthusiastic crowds of 
children were made to move on by po- 
licemen. Finally, with the commission- 
er's consent, I secured rooms at 201 Basl 
Fourth street, for $22 a month, which 
I paid out of my own pocket. In twelv< 
months after we reopened our quarter; 
we had forty-four leagues in runninj 
order, and a membership of 4,000 chil 

dreri. Tlie work went oil "until perma 
nent headquarters were secured in 1898. ' 
"But when did you lose your sight'.' 
he was asked. 

"Let me see— 1899— no, perhaps it wa 
1898— maybe 1897. I don't just reinein 

The man had been so completely en 
grossed in the great affair that' lifi 
offered him that he had forgotten to kee; 
track of the date upon which his tragedy 
came to him.' He worked all the time 
Work was his joy and his consolation- 
at once his inspiration and his reward 
He told with far greater feeling of tin 
celebration in August, 1899, of tin 
growth of the junior leagues, in which 
15. 000 school children paraded past the 
stand on which the commissioner sat 
than he did of the day that the light 
finally died for him. The real heart' 
break of his life came not when his 
sight, which had been growing dimmer 
for years, finally failed him altogether. 
but when Street Cleaning Commissioner 
Percy Xagle called him into his office. 

"Disband the league," said Xagle. 
"Close headquarters." 

'•I went to him the next day." said 
Simons, with deep feeling apparent in his 
voice. '" "I have obeyed orders,' I said. 
•The headquarters are closed and the 
leagues are disbanded. But you cann«u 
stop the work. The seed has been planted 
;md it will continue growing." 

"Did I give up the fight? Xo. sir." He 
fairly slum ted that negative, and beat 
vipon the desk with his clenched hand 
For nine years I kept up the fight. I 
faced scorn and ridicule of men within 
ilie department as well as from those 
uninformed without, but I kept up the 
agitation. 1 appeared before every com- 
missioner and made my plea for my boys 
and girls and recognition for their" work 
The Woman's Municipal League tried to 


organize on my plan, but it was a failure. 
It was too costly, and they did not know 
how to organize. More than that, they 
had not grasped the fact that it is not 
sufficient merely to organize. You must 
fan the flame to keep the tire alight." 


Finally Commissioner Foster Crowell 
in 1908 told him to begin the work of 
organizing on a small scale. Mr. Crowell 
was convinced of the excellence of the 
work, but was in doubt as to the extent! 
to which it should be carried. "Give me 
a chance," begged the blind man, '"and 
I'll make good." In December of that 
year he had nine leagues in operation, 
and then W. H. Edwards became street 
cleaning commissioner. The love and 
loyalty of Sinious's heart go out to Com- 
missioner Edwards. It doesn't move his 
emotions to speak of the day that he went 
blind, but when he told of the day that, 
lie ••saw"' Mr. Edwards and was told to 
go out and reorganize the junior league 
he had to wipe away a tear. 

"Organize at every school house," 
Edwards told him. "Yon shall, £&ve my 
support and cooperation." 

"I v.-as the happiest man in New I'.rk 
that day." said Simons. "I laughed out 
loud as I went down in the elevator. I 
laughed all the way home. I could 
hardly control myself." 

Before the end of the school year he 
had fifty leagues in operation. Now he 
has seventy-two. He will have one in 
every school house iu the city. The 
members are taught to conduct their 
regular meetings according to parlia- 
mentary law, and make out their reports 
in proper form. It is an invaluable 
training in citizenship. 

"I have ben such a happy man." he 
concluded almost ecstatically. "I have 
always tried to do something worth while 
for my city. I love to be in the thick 
of tilings. I love excitement and socia- 
bility and crowds. And now- that my 
work is appreciated, and other cities are 
copying New York's example 

"Why, I don't realize that I cannot 
sec. I am too busy and happy." 

In the picture he is shown with Will- 
iam Wertheimer. one of the boys of 
P. S. 1 23 Brooklyn, and one of his favor- 
ites. Ir was young Wertheimer who 
once called on Mayor Gaynor and made 
such n favorable impression that the 
mayor told him to come back when he 
was old enough and that if he. Gaynor, 
was mayor, he would make him street 
cleaning commissioner. 


WfUfWIEtS (MA8&) MORKr OTflAi 

Sunday, Oct, 16, 1M0 


Their Success Opens New Field 
for Those Who Arc 
Without Si 

Friday, Oct, 1 4 < 191 

A concert complimentary to Prof 
Maynard, the^dittlLipusician, will take 
place at Kuiglts of Pythias hall this 
evening at 8 o'clock. Admission will 
be free. 


MONDAY, OCT. 17. 1910. 

A blind man is a successful leader 
of street cleaners in New York. Loss I 
of one sense often renders the other i 
senses more acute, and Mr. Simons ; 
of the Juvenile League probably has 

a keen sense of smell. 



He Can Separate Lettuce and 
Carrot Seeds and Tells Wheth- 
er a Petal is Yellow or Blue. 

The Children's Farm school in De ! 
Witt Clinton park has taught two I 
blind boys to raise "crops'" equal in, 
every respect to those of the children 
who can see. In fact Mrs. Henry 
Parsons, in charge of the school, and 
Mr. Brady, the boys' teacher, insist 
that in the matter of beets and car- 
rots the blind children's work was su- 
perior, says the New York Sun. 

The subjects of the experiment are 
Carl and Peter, each 13 years old and 
strong boys for their years. Peter is 
totally blind and has to be led every- 
where. Carl, who can't distinguish 
anything more than four inches away 
from his eyes, has just enough vision 
so that he ca» go and fill Peter's wa- 
tering pot. 

Carl's sister used to bring him to 
the park playground. Leaving him on 
a bench she would run off to the 
swings, and 'the boy would sit there 
listening to the other children play- 
ing. A gymnasium instructor saw 
Carl sitting there day after day and 
tried to think _of some occupation for 
him. Finally the instructor suggest- 
ed that a plot in the school garden 
be given to the boy. Then one day 
Carl came bringing Peter, and Mrs. 
Parsons decided to try the experiment 
of teaching the blind gardening for 
pleasure if not for profit. 

On June 10 they began teaching 
Peter and Carl to raise beans, beets, 
carrots, onions, radishes, lettuce and 
corn, just as the other children do. 
A wooden fence was built around 
Peter's plot, along which cords were 
strung to serve as guides to the five 
rows of "crops" which were to be 
planted. Feeling these and measuring 
the distances by his fingers and arm 
Peter, drew his miniature furrows and 
dropped or sprinkled his seeds. In his 
first attempt to cover the seeds he 
knocked the rows askew, but then by 
placing his hand on that of his teach- 
er while he did a row in the right 
way, Peter mastered that art. 

No grown up farmer would like to 
weed with his eyes shut, but that is 
what both Peter and Carl learned to 
dp. They were taken to other chil- 
dren's plots, allowed to feel the differ- 
ent seedlings as they appeared, and so 
taught to distinguish the tiny plants 
from weeds. Hand hoes not more than 
a foot long- were made for them. By 
keeping their left hand fingers a few- 
inches ahead of the blade they did 
their hoeing without cutting dewn the 

Several weeks ago came the time tor 
the first harvesting on the children's 
farm, which raises two rounds of crops 
in a summer. As radishes, beets and: 
beans approached maturity the excite- 
ment among the small farmers waxed 
so tense that the distinction between 
meum and tuum was frequently lost to 
view and the boy whose beans matured 
early was likely to find himself minus 
the beans. Even the observation plots, 
In charge of the instructors, were 
robbed of their prize products. But to 
the credit of the farm be it said that 
wmlle the destruction walked around 
them the blind boys' crops were left un- 

This harvesting was followed by the 
second planting. In this Peter and Carl 
showed such marked improvement that 
Mrs. Parsons believes that gardening 
in some of its branches can be made an 
employment for the blind. The sowing 
of beets and carrots by the blind boys 
was the best done on the farm. 

In a few weeks Peter and Carl have 
learned to distinguish the different 
seeds entirely by feeling. Peter has a 
feat which beats that of the girl in 
Grimm's fairy stories who had to pick 
lentils out of the ashes. That girl had 
beautiful blue eyes, and even at that 
she had to call on her fairy godmother 
to help her out. But Peter, who is 
totally blind, can take lettuce and car- 
*fot seeds mixed together and separate 
them correctly, though they are enough 
alike to deceive many persons who have 
their sight. 

Peter's latest accomplishment is to 
distinguish bright colored flower petals 
one from the other apparently by some 
subtle difference in the texture of the 
blossom. That doesn't mean that he 
could tell whether it's a pale pink or a 
light blue aster or recognize any fine 
gradation of tint, but he knows a red 
petal from a yellow one. 

Altogether the instructors are much 
pleased with the summer's experiment 
and are as eager as the boys to con- 
tinueSt. next year. 


•Sunday, Oct. 16, 1910 

•vrt — 

Big ArUrmllew York Children, 

Inspired by R. S. Simons, 

Making Spotless City. 

There is a blind man in New York 
;vho is so busy and happy in his work 
that he forgets his blindness and cannot 
remember even what year trie 1 affliction 
came to him. In the deeper sense of 
vision, he was able to see farther and 
clearer than any other man who looked 
at the mighty problem of street cleaning 
in New York. He is Reuben S. Simons, 
supervisor of the Juvenile League, aux- 
iliary to the regular street cleaning de- 
partment and general of an army of 
150,000 school children. 

Alert, brisk, smiling, strongly built, 
much younger in appearance than one 
would expect of a man 50 years old, 
and as optimistic as if he had not lost 
his sight seven years or so ago Mr. 
Simons has taken as his motto "What 
the eye does not see the heart does not 
grieve over." 

"It never occurs to me to remember 
that I am blind," he says. "I like ex- 
citement, brisk movement, crowds hap- 
piness. I like to see things. And I can 
see things, by the power of imagination. 
When I go into a school to organize the 
pupils, I can, fn imagination, see them 

"U W\ 


He has done a wonderful work, this 
optimistic blind man. From all oyer 
the country he receives letters asking 
for information. His juvenile street 
cleaners not only desist from throwing 
rubbish on the highways, but also 
watch to see that housekeepers do not 
disregard the rules regarding the dis- 
posal of waste. A careless housekeeper 
is warned by the juniors, and if the of- 
fence continues swift punishment fol- 

In 1S95 Simons began to organize the 
school children. At first the settlement 
houses helped, but some disagreement 
with the street commissioners caused 
them to withdraw. Things were going 
beautifully when the greatest blow of 
his life came to Mr. Simons. This was 
not, strangely enough, his blincnsss, 
though this also came to him at about 
this time. It was the order from a 
street commissioner to disband the or- 
ganization. Mr. Simons obeyed, but 
he told the commissioner that the work 
could not be stopped, that it would go 
on that he, a blind man, fighting alone 
against ridicule and official opposition, 
would yet win out in his fight for a 
cleaner, more sanitary city. 

He held meetings on street corners. At 
every opportunity and in every sort Of 
place he gathered the children about 
him and filled them with his own en. 
thusiasm. At last there came a street 
commissioner who recognized the value 
of the work and offered to co-operate. 
"That was the happiest day of my life," 
says Mr. Simons. "I laughed aloud all 
the way home." 

Now he has 72 leagues in operation, 
and intends to establish one In every 
schoolhouse in the city. His cheerful- 
ness comblnea' with his wonderful power 
of organization, works wonders. "I re- 
member breaking down, discouraged, 
only once," he says, "and that was when 
I learned that I was soon to become 
blind. But that melancholy mood soon 
passed. I had a wife and family de- 
pendent on me, ana' I simply, didn't dare 
to be a coward. So I decided that I 
would make a place for myself and 

fill It- ._ T 

"I have been such a happy man. I 

have always tried to do something worth 

while for my city. I love to be in the 

thick of things. I love excitement and 

sociability and crowds. And now that 

my work is appreciated, and other 

cities are copying New York's example 

—why I don't realize that I cannot 

see. I am too busy and happy." 

W«dn*8d*y, Oct. 19, 1910 

Bft_$48 EACH 


loiV Thnt 


MorY Than Ever This Year— Work o* 
the Department of Charities — Blind 
Leading the Blind and Other Pa- 
thetid Scene* at the Charities Build- 

"Forty-eight dollars." 

"Thank you, sir, thank you kindly." 

These or similar words of thanks 
weire being uttered almost continu- 
ously for over two hours on a recent 
morning at the Department of Public 
Charities, Brooklyn, where 505 blind 
men and women from the boroughs of 
Kings and Queens wer being given 
their annual pittance by the city. This 
vear each of the applicants received 

Early in the morning the blind peo- 
ple with their guides began wending 

heir, way toward the charities build- 

ng and by 10 o'clock, when the paying- 
Degan, there were five rooms, the main - 
lall and two long hallways crowded' 
tvlth the unfortunates. There were 
aver a thousand people there in all, 
for almost every blind person had a 
companion as a guide. 

The money to make these payments 
is. obtained, from a,n annual fund of 
$75,000 for the maintenance of the help- 
less blind of Greater New York, of 
which sum the department in Kings 
and. Queens receive 524,240. Applicants 
for these payments must not be in- 
mates of public institutions,, but home 
dwellers. When the applications are 
handed in to the department, an in- 
vestigation is made into the individual 
merit of each case, and no one is placed 
on the list . who is not considered 
worthy. „. 

The sight of so many blind people 
together is most pitiful. Some were 
extremely . nervous and seemed abso- 
lutely helpless, while others appeared 
quite happy even if they cannot see 
ihe beautiful things in life. There 
were several exceptionally pathetic 
cases. John Fulz, a rather old colored 
man,, and his wife, Miriam, both blind, 
appeared for their allowance without 
a. guide. After they had received their 
money, the couple went away, the blind 
man, leading his blind wife as best he 

Another sad case was that of a 
brother and sister, who have been blind 
ever since birth. They are Frank and 
Martha Buck, of Astoria, L. I. There 
was one. young man who came alone, 
and after placing his money in h.o hip 
Docket started out on his journey 
home, seemingly unthinking of how 
easy it would be for an unscrupulous 
thief to snatch away his treasure. 
More Thau Half Women, 
More than half the applicants were 
women, and most of them were past 
middle age. The youngest was 2i 
years old, a bright and smiling girl, 
who seemed 'to make the best of her 
misfortune* Several were over 80 and 
there was one man 88 years of age. 
There were a number of negroes, but 
practically no foreigners. 

As each one passed up the line to 
the desk where the money was paid, 
the unfortunate was most profuse in 
thanks. It was evident -that there was 
a ■thorough appreciation of the charity 
of the city on the part of some one 
there. When before the desk an at- 
tendant held the applicant's hand out to 
the paymaster, and the $48 was pre- 

A glance over the records showed 
that a majority of the cases of blind- 
ness were caused by accidents. The 
I various other causes of blindness re- 
i corded are old age, measles, atrophy, 
cataracts, cold In eyes, cancer, small- 
pox, scarlet fever, birth, inflammation, 
i paralysis, trachoma, alcohol, lightning, 
I kidney disease, meningitis and water, 
on the brain. 

OCTOBER 22, 1910. 

■$ T.. AM9M0MI ff»?: 

The Maine papers report the bring- 
ing down of a buck by a blind man. 
Have other blind men been shooting, 




Canary, Sole Possession of 

Sick Inmate of Home, Fiew 

Away as She Fondled It, 

Behind a prosaic advertisement yester- 
day for the return of a lost canary to 
No. 896 Amsterdam avenue there was 
discovered a story of wonderful devo- 
tion and of grief. 

On Sunday last Mrs. Titian F. Brown, 
inmate for ten years of the Home for 
Destitute Blind at the above address, 
lost i lie bird — her one possession. 

The sun was shining, and she, feeling 
its warmth, took the cage containing 
her pet :'> the window and sat by in rap- 
tures over Its joyful singing. She was 
so deeply touched that she opened the 
cage and took the bird out to pet it. 

The singing continued all the louder, 
and the woman was happy in the re- 
sponse to her love, when suddenly the 
little thing hopped off her wrist and. af- 
ter perching a moment on the window 
sill, flew away. 

Mrs. Brown was inconsolable. Friends 
in the institution promised her another 
bird, but all to no avail. She wanted her 
own canary back and wept because its 
music was not there to cheer her. 

One of the associate managers then, as 
a last hope, placed an advertisement in 
a newspaper, but the return of the 
canary is despaired of by all except its 

Mrs. Brown, a widow of forty-five, has 
been blind nearly fifteen years. For ten 
years she has been in the home. As her 
light was failing slowly she expressed a 
desire for a little pet, and was asked 
what she wished. 

"A canary bird.'' she promptly an- 
swered. "It has life and color and song. 
Give me that, and I will be happ\." 

Bird Her Especial Treasure. 

A canary was procured, and for hours 
she would sit and listen to its singing. 
When she was asked if her eyes were 
any better she always answered that 
she could see the yellow breast of the 
canary. That was her test. 

Finally one day she could see the yel- 
| low flutter of feathers about the cage 
no more, but her love for the little 
songster was undtmmed. She has al- 
ways had a canary since that time. 
.Several of her pets, have died, but she 
has transferred her affection to each 
successor, and this one she seemed to 
love more than all the others. 

"Mrs. Brown,'' said the kindly matron 
at the home, "Is a sick woman. Her 
health is very poor, and now, with her 
extreme melancholy over the loss of the 
bird she loved so dearly, we fear a re- 
lapse may come any day. I hope if any 
person has found this canary it will be 
returned at once.'' 




Friday, Oct. 21, 1910 

Hall Scarcely Large Enough to Accom- 
modate Friends of Blind Musician. 

Over 300 couples attended Itwi HlTVual 
reception and ball for James Madden, 
the blind violinist, in Hibernian hall 
last evening, the crowd being by far the 
largest that has been present at any 
of the Madden dances since the de- 
struction of City Hall, where they were 
formerly held. The testimonial was 
certainly an earnest of the goodwill 
toward Mr. Madden, especially of his 
friends at the North End, who always 
work lndefatigably to make the testi- 
monials given him once a year a sub- 
stantial success. 

Last evening the full capacity of the 
hall was tested and the floor was 
crowded throughout the evening, while 
others a^tfended merely to pay their re- 
spec^To the beneficiary. There was a 
Digram of 14 dances, starting with a 
%rand march at it o'clock led by Ed- 
ward J. Connolly and Miss Linda 
Dowd, followed by 60 couples. W. G. 
Ryan prompted and Collins's orchestra 
furnished music. Mr. Connolly served 
as floor director, assisted by Terrence 
M. O'Donnell and the following aids: 
Dennis Woods, John P. Connolly, 
Thomas Conners, James Murray, 
Thomas McKean, William Dowd, John 
Cavanaugh, John Marren, Robert Arm- 
strong, William Steward, Thomas 
Lynch and Michael Russell. 

The reception committee comprised 
Edward Gallagher, Henry J. O'Brien, 
Thomas Murphy, John McGrady, John 
Munley, John Nigel, Michael Donnellan, 
Michael Connolly, John Coine and John 
Gleason. The refreshment committee 
consisted of C. Nally and J. Duffy. 
Refreshments were served at an inter- 
mission at 11 o'clock, the cafe being 
well pat^^ized, after which dancin 
was resume 

™*r TflRK. N. T.. WORLD <••} 

SUNDAY, aCTQBJBR 49* lfcK>. * 

W^Dy30_YEARS, SEES. ' 

Afflicted Pastor's Daily Prayer Jos' 

K?8toratfon..of Sight Is Heard. 

BLYTHEVILLE. Ark., Oct! 29.-Thff 
Rev. J. M. Benton of Blytheville. who, 
though blind, has been preaching the 
gospel for 30 years, and praying dally 
for recovery of his sight, for several 
days past has seen rays of light, first 
with one eye aiid then with the other. 
He believes he will recover sight in both 
eyes and will consult specialists about 
an operation. 

The Rev. Mr. Benton has never lost 
faith in the efficacy of prayer or hope 
of recovering his sight, and has never 
complained. He is elated with the 
thought that he may soon be able to 
sec his family and look upon the 
beauties of the world once more. 


Sunday, Oct. 23, 1910 





New Woman Of Old Japan Anxious 
To Establish A School For The Blind 

This is the story of a new woman of 
old Japan, who has so far departed 
from the ways of her feminine ances- 
tors that she now serves Boston society 
with tea, that she may some day more 
sublimely serve the deaf, the dumb and 
blind of the Island Empire with per- 
fect understanding. 

Ei Emura is her name. She hopes 
that when her studies are complete that 
she may be instrumental in establishing 
and helpful in maintaining an institu- 
tion in Japan where graduates of the 
deaf, dumb and blind schools may have 
an opportunity of making commercial 
use of the knowledge they have ac- 
quired, thus gaining independence. 

The mornings and evenings she has 

free for her studies. Afternoons she 1 
serves tea in the sun parlor of the 
Hotel Puritan on Commonwealth avenue 
to support herself. 

Miss Emura is a typical woman of 
Japan and her most prominent charac- 
teristic is a strong spirit of indepen- 
dence. She is a very clever conversa- 
tionalist, and her six years of studv in 
this country, both in the east and* the 
west, has enabled her to form a num- 
ber of original opinions regarding out 
educational system, and these she does 
not hesitate to express. 

Unlike most Japanese students here, 
the little tea girl of the Hotel Puritan 
receives no aid from her home govern- 
ment. This aid she does riot wish for, 
she says herself, that by taking it nei 
stay in this country and the resultant 
opportunities it affords, would be limited 
to three years at most. 



, N. T.. WORLD <#«* 

SUNDAY, OCTOBER 2?, 1910. 



Industrial Home Is 
Meeting- With Success. 
ihis cm 

benefit rid people," said 

■ ak Maciewski, rhe blind cigar merchant, 

"I became amaza d at the lick 01" lamui 

displayed by so many good people as to 

rWiat a blind man or w o. J am 

i ality do 
tour seni not 

many as liv eeing is mori 

prized than , u t a. blind n 

many th sides asl ,-i- 

' hav € 1H , man 


was a 

o make a clock, but to carve 
adjust them, it: 

I ask uie 

■■ Ice. A 

id man did accomplish it. There was 

■I man in England, 

i) Milton. Milton di 

■ of a n spite of 

al affliction. I am impressed, the 

i dm 


willing to invest in a gravestone for him. 

riving him a hand that he may 

ixious to pe- 


him. n is bar! gnougl itch 

>rse to 
know that as soon as this blight fall 

an he becomes undesirable and pas; 
from the kindly eon 
"In the m ecuring a workshop 

a a mar 
l am meeting with mi 
among all I hs 
talk. I might say that im 

now well n. iy. 

"1 cularly struck with the 

.idid note of the eight ..nid of encour- 
agement in a letter which I receh 
Rev. F. .1. Finn, of Si. Xaviei 

"'Mr. Maciewski, City— Dear Mr. Maciew-i 

ski: The good charities, but 

i the kind that puts people 

on their feet in such a way that they can 

Is there anj condition of men 

desen intelligent sympathy 

ban the blind? Just because they are 

lied to eat the 

idleness and to throw themselves 

charity • i'ou would 

sustaining and in doing 

would fill their souls with the ight 

' and independeni 

to me that your plan is a splendid one 

i bless ; iccess. 

r. .1. Finn, S. J 





osfett ^ranecdtit 


William. Victor Baker, who was known 
throughout the English-speaking world as 
the "Blind Gospel Singer," was found dead 
In bed yesterday l>y his wife, in Los An- 
Seles, Cal. He was seventy years old. 



M. Jonker oti Holland Is Visiting 
/\a i JUteAitutions Here. 

:f.\yBmlter of Amsterdam, Holland, 
one of the most highly educated blind 
persons in his native land, has come to 
this country to study American meth- 
ods and institutions. 

Mr. Jonker spent yesterday visiting 
local institutions. Last night he left 
to visit other cities. Although totally 

^olind, Mr. Jonker will do most of his 
travelling alone, having made the 
transatlantic trip unaccompanied. 


Friday, Oct. 28, 1910 

fOR Bill W 

The annual benefit concert* for miss 
E. M. Ulmer, who is blind, will be held 
Monday evening, October 31, at 8.15 
o'clock, in the Haverhill Street Method- 
ist church. An interesting and enter- 
taining program has been arranged as 

Piano Solo Miss BerthaLeupold 

Soprano solo Miss Alice Manahan 

Reading Miss Etta Hale 

Selection Orchestra 

Tenor solo James Ewart 

Reading Miss Ethel Hinton 

Contralto solo Miss Palmer 

Bass solo Ernest Heald 

Reading Miss Etta Hale 

Soprano solo Miss Alice Manahan 

Tenor solo James Ewart 

Reading Miss Ethel Hinton 

Contralto solo Miss Palmer 

Bass solo Ernest Heald 

Selection Orchestra 

Miss Humphrey will be the accom- 
| paist and Lottie E. Green director 




Declare Harness 1„ J^terfered 
With and WMi^tfeul to 
^^ May*. Bnehr. 

Becaufed nj»ny of the busy down- 
town cafne-fs have been turned over 
to blind men, members of the News- 
boys' Protective Union have decided 
to ask city councilmen to recognize 
their rights. They believe that the 
unfortunate should be cared for at 

i J 

c lc^ 


peddling little trinkets, knickknacks, etc., from door 
to door. Both men are very optimistic, cheerful, 
and contented with their obscure and humble lot, 
though perpetually dwelling in darkness. 

Remarkable Work of Two Blind Men. WER - Col °- Republican m* 


Just what may be accomplished by persons 
totally deprive:! of their sight is frequently a source 
of real wonderment. One of the most remarkable 
feasts performed by two men that are totally blind 
is to build a house. This house, it may be remarked, 
is a very comfortable, neat, and handsome cottage. 

The sightless builders are Frank M. Steele and 
Joseph Martinez, and they live in one of the little 
suburbs of Oakland, Cal. 

The house is a box-frame cottage built of pine 
lumber, and the exterior walls are covered with 
planed redwood rustic. It is a story and a half high, 
covered with redwood shingles; it measures twenty 
by twenty feet, and contains four rooms, each ten 
feet by ten; and has five doors and four windows; 
the interior is neatly painted and papered. Now, 
all this work was done by Steele and Martinez, 
intirely unaided. They planned the building them- 
selves, and did all the work, even without any sugges- 
tions. These men are each more than fifty years of 
age. Though neither was blind from birth, yet they 
have both been totally _ deprived of sight for many 
years. The men have never served a regular appren- 
ticeship at the trade, though both were handy with 
carpenter's tools during their early manhood. 

For some years Steele and Martinez have been 
pedlers in San Francisco, selling various little articles 
from house to house. In this manner they each 
managed to accumulate quite a snug sum of money, 
which was safely deposited in a bank. 

At the time of the great disaster in San Francisco 
these sightless old men lost all of their personal 
possessions. Finally they determined to draw out 
some of their earnings, purchase a small lot, some 
building-materal, and carpenter tools, and construct 
a little home. This they have done, and are comfor- 
tably domiciled. 

Naturally, the work progressed slowly, though 
surely. Several months were required to complete 
the cottage. While the carpenter work was in pro- 
gress, curious crowds of men, women, and children 
constantly collected and watched the blind builders 
sawing and hammering away. Many carpenters 
also carefully watched operations with no little 
interest. Although the sightless builders were 
constantly clambering up and down ladders, putting 
up rafters and roofing, yet not the slightest accident 
befel either. 

The interior painting and papering were done 
in a manner that excited the wonder and admiration 
of all that inspected the work. The old men worked 
constantly; they did not have to wait for daylight, 
ct» it was always night to them. 

Now that the men are comfortably housed, they 
have gone back cheerfully to their old vocation — 








Control of » Cattle Business 
Eagle and Gartield Counties 
Object of Snlt. 

'Alleging that hi3 partners In a big 
ranch business In Eagle and Garfield 
counties have- taken advantage of the 
fact that he has been totally blind since 
1893 to misrepresent to him the assets of 
the business and have also manipulated 
the partnership In such an adroit man- 
ner that they have left him without any 
holdings In the property, John Condon, 
of race track fame, has filed a bill for 
the appointment of a receiver and a 
partnership accounting in the United 
States circuit court, sitting In chancery, 
i names Samuel Doll, Frank Doll and . 
y Doll as the defendants. 
The Dolls and Condon have been part- 
ners in v/hat are known as "The Doll 
ranches," In Eagle and Garfield coun- 

The history of the relations between 
! the partners dates back to 1883. At that 
■time Condon entered into a partnership 
with Samuel Doll, James Knight and a 
i named Webster In a cattle raising 
;ess. He cites that he Invested 525,000 
:3Tid in 18S7. when Doll bought out 
Ight and Webster and acquired all 
title to their claim In the business, he 
and Samuel Doll entered into an equal 
partnership. Frank Doll, Samuel's broth- 
entered into a verbal contact with the 
two men whereby he was to be manager 
of the ranches. Condon alleges that at 
that time he put additional money into 
the concern, on a basis of equal partner- 
ship in $40,000 Invested. 

He bays that he was handicapped in 
looking after his interests in the busi- 
ness by the fact that he became totally 
blind. Hb cites that every time that he 
asked for an accountm of the business, 
Frank Doll, whom he alleges is an ill 
pered man, refused to consider his re- 
quest. The last statement which he re- 
=-d, he states, was on May 17, 1899, 
ii the Doll brothers claimed that the 
holdings of the partnership were 2,000 
cattle, 250 range horses, 75 work horses, 
acres of cultivated land, between 
and 1,000 tons of hay and 7,000 bushels 
of wheat. 

Condon alleges that he found out many 
months later that this accounting of 
holdings of the parenership was 
tly In excess of the actual assets. 



this time, he alleges, he had ad- 

• ed from time to time sums of money 

■which aggregated $30,000. He claims that 

the Doll brothers' first started to take 

advantage of him in 1893 when he was 111 

and was going blind and that a few 

months later he became totally blind and 

was completely at their mercy. At the 

time of his Illness and when he realized 

lie was about to be deprived of his 

sight, Samuel Doll alleged an indebted- 

$30,000 which he held ng-jinst 

ion and insisted upon an immediate 

lent. Condon says that at that 

he admitted the indebtedness and 

fl two instruments to Samuel Doll, 

515,000 and the other for $6,000, 

lie conveyed his Interest in the 

:li and the stock to-Bamuel Do.lL 

iif-d later, the petition cites, that 

ik Doll had convoyed his interest in 

;es to his wife, Lucy. The blind 

i that r contract of dlsso- 

rtnevshin was entered into 

him and Frank and Samuel 

in 1008, but that the defendants re- 

to acknowledge the contract. 

don admits that he has no relief 

r the law but asks for equitable re- 

Totn the chancery court by the ap- 

ment of a receiver, and that t*ia 

conveyances of his interest in t 1 e 

ranches and property, which he made 

In 1893, be declared annulled. 

cweland, Ohio, Plain Dealar (IBfl 

DAY, NOV.: tjE?. 7, 1910... 

Child, Whose Future is Dark, 
Pines to Give Expres- 
sion to Music. 

Had Instrument Once, but It 

Was So Old as to be 


Maggie wants a piano. Not a aew, 
shiny, spick and span piano, Just from 
the dealer, no indeed, that would be 
too much for Maggie to ever even 
dream of. All that Maggie's hopes 
encompass Is a second-hand or a 
third-hand piano, or a piano handed 
down and down and down from hand 
to hand, the only stipulation Is that 
It must have music In It. Maggie : 
will And the music, and Maggie's tiny j 
Angers will bring the music out and | 
give It tw the world. 

There Is a tragedy In Maggie and 
her piano ambition. Once, several 
months ago, the word went forth that 
Maggie wanted a piano, and with the 
word of her wants the story of why. 
A heart was touched, and a piano was 
placed at Maggie's disposal. It was 
an old, old rickety thing, but still a 
piano. It was sent to a repair shop 
to be tuned and patched and placed 
In order. 

Then the family of Maggie held 
counsel concerning the placing of the 
Instrument when it was finished and 
sent home. . A piano is an elephant to 
crowd into a residence of two rooms, 
with beds, tables, chairs and stoves 
already there. But it was all planned 
out as follows, according to Maggie: 

"Mother was going to put the chairs 
all in one room and move the bed, 
and we have a table we don't need, 
just an old table, so we were going 
to throw that out, throw It away you 
know, and then we oould get the 
piano in." 

But one terrible day a man came to 
say that the piano had been taken all 
to pieces, and that It was worn out, 
Just utterly and completely worn out; 
that nothing could make It a piano 
again; it" voice was dead, and no 
tinkering could bring Its music back 

Now if you were a little bit of a 
girl who loved music so much that 
you were willing to even practice ex- 
ercises, and that wonderful marvelous 
thing, a piano, was right within your 
grasp, and then suddenly vasn't, 
wouldn't you feel badly and wouldn't 
you cry? 

Maggie is blind. This is not news 
In Maggie's family. Father and 
mother and Maggie have become ac- 
customed to the condition, for It has 
existed seven whole j-ears, and Mag- 
gie is but two years older than her 

Maggie does not really remember 
that she ever saw the light and the 
sunshine and the flowers and the 
green grass and the birds — one doesn't 
remember one's first two years of life 
very clearly under any circumstances, 
and the fact that- during those twen- 
ty-four months, Maggie could see, 
does not serve to impress them un- 
fadlngly upon her mind's eye. 

Never, never in all the world will 
Maggie see again. She hash't much 
to look forward to, for the family is 
very poor and there are four children, 
of which Maggie is the eldest — there 
is also Joey and Anne and the baby. 

The Society for Promoting the In- 
terests of the Blind in Cleveland dis- 
covered that music is just tingling in 
Maggie's little finger tips. She goes 
to Stanard School for the Blind, and 
she has several little playmates whose 
families have pianos of their own. 
Miss Leininger teaches music to the 
little sightless ones, and Maggie could 
learn so easily if she only had a piano 
to practice on. 

So members of the society are 
wondering if some good fairy will not 
hear about little Maggie who can 
never see, but whose soul cries out 
for the beautiful and whose delicacy 
of touch and accuracy of hearing 
whisper that she may be a great musl 



TJT1CA, N. T., PRESS (111)' 

Tuesday, November s t W$* 


Told R. F. A.^tudents by One Stricken 
When a Child. 

Rome, Nov. 7.— Mr. o'Duire of Phila- 
delphia, Pa., spoke to the students of the 
Rome Free Academy this afternoon on 
the "Education of the Blind." When 
about three years of age the speaker 
•fell and since has been totally blind. 
The purpose of Mr. O'Duire is to tour 
the country, his expenses being- met by 
contributions from those attending- his 
lectures. His subject proved most en- 
tertaining and he also rendered several 
selections on the piano and proved an 
adept at whistling. He first spoke on 
the difference between thought and 
brain, proving that a person can make 
his way far better in the world by see- 
ing less and thinking more. The train- 
ing of the blind was also touched upon 
It developing that such pupils take the 
same state regents examinations as the 
other students of the state do and prac- 
tically the entire energies of the instruc- 
tors are centered in the task of increas- 
ing the powers of memory or cultivating 
the mind. It was stated that the prin- 
cipal industries of the blind include the 
making of hand sewed shoes, wicker- 
wire baskets and rugs. It was ex- 
plained how the blind are able to dis- 
tinguish color, the touch of the weave of 
the cloth being the distinguishing feat- 
ure. The student body greatly enjoyed 
the remarks. 

Cleveland', Onlo, Plain Dealer ($391? 



Little Ma«Kie, Who Longed lor 

Piano to "While Away Lonely 

Hours, Gets Her Wish. 

lieve in fai Maggie 

d$es7 The particular and special 

fairy Maggie believes in most is a 

piano fairy, and he name just 

ordinary people — in iaot. he is a 

real Mesh and blopd «man and a busi- 

s man at that. 

amelink is the piano fairy's name, 

Saturday from the Wamelink 

piano store on lSuciid-av will go to a 

! tjhy little two-room home on Cumber- 

j land-rd S. E. a shiny, spick and span 

! piano, so that little blind Maggie's 

j hours may not. be long, lonely hours 

this winter. 

When the story of Maggie and her 
blindness and her longing for a piano 
was told many fairies bobbed up. In 
less than one day four pianos were 
ready to go to Maggie's home. 

The Star Piano Co. and the Hart 
company telephoned the Society for 
Promoting the Interests of the Blind 
in Cleveland, that they would be glad 
to give a piano to Maggie, and Victor 
Sincere, representing the Bailey Co., 
made the same offer. 

Jersey City, N. J., Journal (Mff 






Inmates 1 of 

5t - J oseph's H ome for 
the Blind were thr&'Wf'*f?ifo*' a panic 

J osepjrs H i 
ir(Wn ,li "!n l To ' 
late. i ww tef day afternoon when fire, 
which destroyed a .shop in the rear, 
535 Pavonia Avenue, threatened the 
home. Fifteen blind men who were 
in the shop were led out without mis- 
hap by the sisters connected with 
St. Joseph's and by a number of em- 
ployes of the Court House, but at one 
time it looked bad for the safety of 
the big building. The intense heat 
blistered the paint on the inner walls. 

The shop, w r hich was burned, is 
owned by St. Joseph's Home and is 
used by the inmates as a factory for 
caning chairs and* like work. It was 
totally destroyed, with a loss which is 
estimated at closie to $1,(KX). It is not 
known how the fire started. 

Former Fire Capt. Edward Quack- 
enbush saw the smoke while passing 
the place and hastened to pull an 
alarm from box 429. J The engine com- 
panies responded readily and did heroic 
work in getting the blaze under con- 
trol. Capt. Toppin of the Third Pre- 
cinct, was short of men and seeing 
this Assemblyman James Baker, Jail 
Warden Patrick Sullivan, Principal J 
J. Hopkins of ' the High School and 
others aided in keeping the crowds 

The sisters in charge of the home 
desire through the Journal to express 
their appreciation of the efficient work 
of the fire department in keeping the 
fire within th e bounds of the small 
area it covered. They also extend their 
thanks to the police for the able serv- 

T * c\\ 

ices rendered. Firemen and policemen 
alike performed .excellent «jfcjjg! 
taking the blind inmates of the home 
away from the danger zone, the asters 
sav. Twenty-five adults and a like 
number of blind children were expedi- 
tously removed to places of safety. 

N. T. EVEN. J0t7IttfAtj <flSf*¥ 



Sisters, Captain Tobin and 

Volunteers Do Heroic Work 

Among the Affected. 

Panic stricken by cries of fire, the 
noise of crackling flames and the 
hoarse yells of thousands of people 
outside, who had rushed from all 
points, 15 blind men, women and 
children were yesterday afternoon 
rescued from St. Joseph's Home of 
the Blind, on upper Pavonia avenue, 
Jersey City Heights, by Police Cap- 
tain Toppin, of the Third Precinct, 
and about twenty volunteer reserves, 
recruited on the instant from among 
some of the most prominent men in 
the county. 

Sister Juilana, who has charge of 
the men in the wooden building to 
the east of the main structure, on 
Pavonia avenue, in the rear of which 
the fire started, displayed the hero- 
ism of a stoic. It was she who led 
the rescuers through the blinding 
smoke and flame-filled corridors. 
Oyer .in the rrfain building, Sister 
Michael, who is superkr of the en- 
tire institution, showed similar 
courage, and quieted the fears of 
scores of women, some of whom were 
more than 80 years of age. 

When the alarm came in Captain 
Toppin was walking past the Court 
House. Someone told him that St. 
Joseph's Home, around the corner, was 
enveloped in flames. All of the cap- 
tain's men were on strike duty. The 
captain dashed into the Sheriff's office 
and got Peter Wedln, the deputy sher- 
iff. Through the corridors they ran, 
picking up men as they went. Principal 
Hopkins, of the Jersey City High 
School, was next pressed into service. 
Then came Assemblyman James Baker, 
John Kane, Jim Cullen, former Assem- 
blyman Pierce Fleminf and Ambrose 

The fire had started in a hair-picking 
room, back of the men's building, and 
followed in a covered wooden passage- 
way between the Pavonia avenue and 
the Magnolia avenue property of the 
home as a spark follows a train of 
powder. The fire rose like a solid pil- 
lar and the heart caused the window 
panes to crack like pistol shots. 

When the cry of fire arose from the 
throats of fifty or more thoughtless boys 
there were fifty men and boys working 
making brooms, weaving rugs and stuf- 
fing mattresses. They dropped their 
work and began groping about in their 
helpless fashion for the rear doors. It 
was at this juncture of the critical situ- 
ation that Sister Juliana appeared on 
the scene. 

She rang a bell, bringing every man 
to attention. Then she commanded 
them to get in line. "There is no 

danger," she said, although at that 
moment the window panes were burst- 
ing In and the fire was running wild in 
every direction, eating through fences 
on the north and south of the home and 
driving people from their residences. 

Over in the main building, which is 
four story and of brick. Sister Michael 
assembled all the women and girls in 
the chapel. This is on the ground floor. 
Back of the altar in this refuge the 
walls were becoming red hot from the 
flames outside. 

Back on Magnolia avenue, over two 
hundred feet away, toward which the 
flames were racing along the covered 
passageway, were forty girls in charge 
of a little Sister whose name could not 
be learned. 

When the Sister saw the flames the 
girls were singing a hymn. She per- 
mitted them to finish. Then: 

"Now, how would you girls like to 
take a walk?" 

"O goody, good, chorused the girls. 
They had their hats and coats on in 
a iiffy and were out on Magnolia ave- 
nue In a jiffy. It is doubtful whefner 
they knew there was a Are or know of 

it vet. 

Captain Toppin's volunteer reserves 
went into the men's and women's build- 
ings and led the inmates into the 
street Principal Hopkins, of the High 
School, was one of the first in the 
buildin" He went over a rear fence i 
and reached the chapel. Several others 
followed. With the assistance of the 
nuns they marched the men and 
women in flies of two and got them 
to the street in perfect safety. War- 
den Sullivan, of the Hudson County 
jail, was in this rescue party. 

Battalion Chief Gately and his men 
did exceptionally good work. Although 
100 feet of covered wooden passage be- 
tween the two homes was reduced to 
ashes, the properties on Magnolia and 
Pavonia avenues were untouched and 
no one was hurt. 

One man who was ill in bed had to 
be carried out as was the case with 
two aged women too feeble to hurrjf 


FRIDAY, NOV. 25, 1910. 


So the Ancient Rumor That Love Is 
Blind Becomes Reality. 

[Special Dispatch to the Boston Herald.] 
NEW YORK, Nov. 24— The little com- 
monplace that love is blind, became a 
romantic reality this afternoon, when 
William M. Gooshaw of 322 Tompkins- 
ville avenue, and Miss Beryle H. Clarke 
of 122 Sterling place, Brooklyn, both of 
whom are blind, were married at the 
home of the bride's uncle, Joseph Le- 
jeune at 887 Seventh street, Brooklyn. 
Mr. Gooshaw, who is 26 years old, lost 
his sight 10 years ago when he was 
kicked in the head by a runaway horse. 
Miss Clarke was stricken with blind- 
ness when she was 5 years old, follow- 
ing a long illness. Mr. Gooshaw met 
Miss Clarke at the blind department of 
the Pacific street branch of the library. 
She volunteered to teach Gooshaw how 
to read, and he learned to cherish a 
love for his teacher that had its cul- 
mination in the marriage of the couple 



New York, Nov. 25.— The little common- 
place that love is blind became a roman- 
tic reality when William M. Gooshaw of 
322 Tompkinsville ave., Brooklyn, and Miss 
Beryl H. Clarke of 122 Sterling pi., both 
of whom are blind, were married at the 
home of the brides uncle. 

Mr. Gooshaw, who is 26, lost his sight 
10 years ago, when he was kicked in the 
head by a runaway horse. Miss Clarke 
was stricken with blindness when she was 
5, following a long illness. 

]n recent years she has been attached to 
the Pacific branch of the Brookly^i Public 
Library, at 4th ave. and Pacific st., as su- 
perintendent of the Blind Department. Mr. 
Gooshaw was employed at the Industrial 
Home for the Blind. 

About two years ago Mr. Gooshaw, who, 
owing to the lateness of his own blindness, 
had never learned to read embossed print, 
decided to visit the Blind Department of 
Uhe Pacific st. branch of the library in 
order to learn there where he might ac- 
quire a reading knowledge. There he met 
Miss Clarke, and although such instruction 
was not in her line of work at the library, 
she presently volunteered to teach Goo- 
shaw herself. 

1 T©R1C. W. T., WOR1.D ?#f 



?m Jtg/a. great commotion 1,. 

all IHelAAi™*' i0T Dlind children in 
GrelterNew York when the news 
spreads this morning that Lee Shubert, 
the proprietor of the Hippodroin , has 
Invited all their inmates to come and 
"see" the shows at that big amusement 
place free of charge. ■ 

On application to the house manager 
of the by s endents 

of homes for blisd J jabjJ^s|£* , »Prange- 
ments wiU-**"^ nade t0 entertain their 
charges at any matinee performance. t 



Friday, Nov. 25, 1910 

L v K-|^o-rf. H.^f., LCv^ion,- 5 


ftouer skating is the Utest diversion for the h irid. Besides the physical 
ood of the exercise it teaches them accuracy of movement and confidence in 
their own strength and power of balance. 

i/-ect>vcbev- Z- - 1^10. 






Blind people have always been sup- 
posed to have been sadly afflicted 
through the loss of their sight, but G. 
C. O'Dwyer, a blind philanthropist of 
Philadelphia, told the students at the 
High School yesterday, in both the 
Junior and Senior departments, that 
the blind had evidently much on those 
who had their eyesight. 

Mr. O'Dwyer claimed that because 
the blind could not see they had to 
do more thinking than those who 
could, consequently the shitless por- 
tion of humanity ware c^fcpelled to 
exercise greater concentrl^ron in all 
their duties in life. 

Mr. O'Dwyer devotes his entire time 
to visiting schools and other institu- 
tions that give him an opportunity to 
speak on his particular hobby — the 
condition and education of the blind. 
His talk on how they obtain their 
knowledge and education through 
self-instruction was most interesting, 
and will no doubt prove of great in- 
spiration to the young people who 
were so fortunate as to hear him, 
stimulating them to take every cha>\£e 
to make their own lives successful. 

He also spoke particularly of the 
great work accomplished In the spec- 
ial schools established for the educa- 
tion of the blind throughout the coun- 
try and the wonderful success achiev- 
ed by them. 

Mr. O'Dwyer was here six years ago 
and spoke on the same topic as yes- 
terday, and his remarks made on that 
occasion are still remembered with 
pleasure by those who listened to him 
J& _tha±;ilma. 

eotsto*? mai^.. AinoETrsss. 

r, 25, 1910 


A Blind Boy on a 
Street Car 

He Was Going "to Listen to the 

Others Laugh" 

Copyright, 1910, Americau-Journal-Ex?miner. 

to start the car without waiting 
and stopped it when he saw the 
The large, dull eyes looked 
child was blind. 

The boy, with a wide forehead, 
an earnest, delicate face and stoop- 
ing shoulders, climbed up the steps 
of the car, helped by his father, a 

The conductor had been impa- 
tient, ordering the passengers to 
"step lively." He had rung the bell 

for the laggards. But he rang again 


straight ahead and saw nothing— the 

: * L v '* c ^\\ 

As he stood upon the crowded platform he held his father's coat 
with one hand, and with the other seized with perfect confidence in; 
the kindness of humanity the hand of the passenger next to him. 
Thus he stood block after block, only occasionally asking his father 
"How far is it?" The father said to a questioner, "He was not born 
blind. It has come on him gradually. Hard for a bright boy like him r 
isn't it? The doctors say no operation and no medicine can help him, 
but he may outgrow it. 

"I am taking him to a theatre. He wants to hear the music, and 
especially to hear the other people laughing. He says it makes him 
happy to hear other boys laughing and yelling. He imagines he can 
see what they are seeing. And I tell him as well as I can what is 
going on, what they are doing on the stage, and especially what the 
comedians do." 

The car arrived at the theatre. Many wanted to get off. But the 
conductor held them all back with one arm, while he guided the child 
to the step, holding its hand until it was secure on the pavement. 

Then, with his head bent down, as though his sightless eyes were 
mechanically striving to guide his feet, the child disappeared with his 
father "to hear the, others laugh." 

That is a very sad picture of life, and, looked at from one point of 
view, it is a picture of horrible injustice. How dreadful that a little 
child, guiltless of wrong, should have such punishment; how cruel for 
a father and mother helplessly to watch the sight fade from their boy's 

How pathetic and pitiful to see that little boy^ unable to enjoy 
the wonders that a child drinks in through its eyes, contented a*id happy 
to be taken where he could "hear others laugh." 

But in this picture of the blind child there was not discouragement 
and sadness alone. It is probable that such a child, passing through 
the darkness of life, arouses in other human beings enough goodness, 
enough sympathy and love to make up in the sum total of things for 
the apparent injustice inflicted upon him. 

And in the devotion and affection of the father there is typified 

The father was poorly clad. The child was warm in a good, heavy 
overcoat and good, solid shoes. It was easy to see that the money of 
that family was spent for the blind boy. 

In that there is the story of the 'progress of mankind. 

We are told that we came from the animals, rising through the 
millions of years from the single cell in the salt water to the human 
being standing erect, looking up and studying the stars. 

Perhaps we have so risen, perhaps we have passed through all 
phases of animal life. But some of these phases we have left behind 
us, those that are most brutal. And we may hope in time, seeing the 
progress of the past, to leave all animal brutality behind us. 

The animals destroy those that are sick and wounded. Buffaloes 
thrust out with their horns their wounded brother. When a wolf is 
shot and its leg broken, the other wolves fall upon it and devour the 

Our red Indian predecessors on this continent killed defective 
children, those that were blind or deformed. 

And to-day we give to such unfortunates the greatest care and the 
deepest affection. 

There certainly is progress. The poor father that takes the blind 
boy to spend the afternoon where he can hear the other children laugh 
is as powerful a sign in the progress of humanity as any great monument 
of stone or of the intellect. 


3 t 3.62.0, 

Bl*nd Girls Knit and Sew. 

A blind girl who knits with her 
fingers, instead of using knitting nee- 
dles, will pursue her task of chochet- 
lng dolls' dresses at the Blind Girls' 
Home Bazaar Friday and Saturday, Dec. 
9 and 10, at the home, 5235 Page ave- 
nue. Another of the blind girls uses 
the sewing machine to make aprons. ; 
Still another so afflicted, unable to 
thread a needle in the ordinary man- 
ner, threads her needle with her lips. 
Each of the blind girls who are sew- 
ing and knitting the slippers, shawls, 
laces, sweaters, socks, and beadwork 
for the fair, has a method of her own 
by which she accomplishes her tasks* 
unaided by eyesight. ^## 


AT. DECEMBER 5. 1910. 





Charles G. Johnson, the blind pianist, 
died -esterdav in the State hospital af- 
ter an illness of two weeks of pneu- 

He directs in his will that no more 
than seventy dollars be spent for a 
coffin to enclose his clay, and his rest- 
ing place be in the little cemetery in 
the town in Cameron county, this state, 
where lie was born. His estate is left 
to Mi. and Mrs. M. L. Wheeler, of 
South Scranton, with whom he made 
his home, in token of their kindness. 

His wife and son, Charles Haven 
Johnson, are dead. They were the 
only immediate relatives he had. 
Both died within the past five years. 

His family history cannot be given 
with much clear detail, because he had 
little to say about it. This much is 
known definitely, that he was born 
about the year 184.1 and was sixty- 
seven years old and was forty when 
he became blind. 

His ife for the last twenty-seven 
years is a rebuke to every person who 
lets trouble get the upper hand of 
him. Mr. Johnson had his ambition 
centered on becoming a great musical 
artist. Whatever means he had were 
used to that end, and when a fever 
afflicted him in 1883 and left him 
without sight, in shattered health, not 
only moneyless but in debt, and his 
ambition blasted, the natural avenue 
open to him was the road to the poo 



itC - 


, 1010. 




Inmates of state School Indorse Mt«vt 

to Reject Plan of Indus-trial 


SAGINAW, Dec. 5 — What is believed 
•will ruin the broom industry of the 
Michigan employment institution for 
the Mind at Saginaw is the proposition 
which the industrial commission has 
before it as present to introduce broom 
making in the penal institutions ol 

In a strong letter by Charles H. 
Van El ten, president of the Michigan 
Pfinfl""' Wel fare ^p^^ion. 
':<.lof5*?nient of the in- 
mates of the institution here, he ur- 
gently requests the board not to take 
ion in a favorable way on the pro- 
position, as this industry is practically 
the only means the blind people of the 
state have to make a living. 

The letter says that at the present 
time the broom output of the Michi- 
gan concern is more than can be used 
in the various slate institutions in a 

IX. The letter further says that if 
tins industry is taken away from the 
blind institution it will make most of 
the inmates dependent upon the state, 
whereas at the present time they can 
make a faiv living. 

It is thought the board of trustees 
v\ill be asked to take up the matter 
with t 1 rnor. 

w t. rsthalp lawti 



[Keeps Up with Studies, and Teacher 
Is Unaware of Affliction. 


Richmond, Ind., Wednesday.— A remark- 
able case was found to-day in the Dalton 
township schools, where Ralph Bates, aged 
ten though totally blind, was able to keep 
up 'with his work so that even his teacher 
,\ 6 not suspect his condition. 

nimbleness of mind and quickness of 
oar the bov was able to make good 

showing that no one suspected the extent 
of his affliction. His parents had concealed 
the i :ause they did not wish their 

son to go away from home to school. t 




The Fox tort iino is represented in 

- and bonds. Mr. Fox was a great 

believer in investing his money in gilt- 



Nothing for Relatives, but a Few 
Close Friends Will Re- 
ceive Substantial 


Housekeeper Gets Fox Home— Local 

Institutions Provided For— Will 

to Be Filed on 


Under the terms of the will of the 
late George L. Fox, the wealthy Brook- 
lyn lawyer who died on Monday of this 
week, about twenty charitable institu- 
tions of this borough will receive large 
bequests of money. The estate is valued 
in the neighborhood of $1,500,000, and the 
bulk of it is to go to charitable organiza- 

Mr. Fox had no close relatives. His 
nearest kin were two second cousins, re- 
siding at Mineola. The relations be- 
tween them and Mr. Fox were not inti- 
mate, although there had been no 
estrangement. The two cousins are not 
mentioned in the will. 

The personal bequests are few. Pro- 
vision of a substantial character is 
made for two or three persons who were 
intimately associated with Mr. Fox in 
a business and social way during his 
life time. To Elizabeth A. Kane, who 
f»r ■ thirty-ume years had been the 
housekeeper for Mr. Fox, he gave his 
home. 147 Taylor street where he died. 

A deaf and dumb man, residing at 
Statcn Island, who for some years had 
been a beneficiary of Mr. Fox, will re- 
ceive f a sum of money With the ex- 
ception of these cases and one or two 
others, the entire Fox fortune will go to 
charitable institutions. 

The will had not yet been filed with 
tin- Surrogate s office. In fact, there 
has bt en no announcement of the 
names of the executors ior the estate. 
Jt is expected 'hat the will will be read 
on Monday and tiled the same day with 
When the will has been recorded it will 
become known that Mr Fox left no real 
estate whatever. He recently disposed 
of three louses he owned in Broadway. 
After giving his own home to his faithful 
housekeeper he had no real estate. 

MzM# : te 

The Late Geo;-ge L. Fox, 

Who J. eft the 13ulk o£ His Estate to Charity. 

edge securities. He sought investments 
with .small rales of interest rather than 
the get-rich-quick classes of stocks. The 
Jesuit is that his estate represents se- 
curities that can be disposed of readily 
* and at good prices. 

The" provisions made by Mr. Fox for 
distributing hid estate among charitable 
Ji-stitutions were characteristic of the 
bi oadness of the deceased. His benefac- 
tions were planned without restriction's 
of sect, race or color. Catholic, Jewish 
end Protestant institutions have been re- 
membered. One or two organizations 
maintained for the benefit of colored un- 
fortunates will receive bequests. 

All of these endowments will go to 
Brooklyn institutions, save one. A small 
amount of money is to go to a Manhattan 

Ir is expected that the largest single 
bequest will go to the Eastern District 
Hospital and Dispensary. Mr. Fox was 
deeply interested in this hospital. At one 
time he was treasurer of this institution 
and later a vice president. 

It is also expected that a substantial 
Amount will go to a Brooklyn clinic for 
the blind. Mr. Fox at one time lost his 
sight in both eyes as a result of cata- 
racts. The growths -vere successfully re- 
moved and vision restored. Mr. Fox was 
always grateful for the recovery of his 
sight and undoubtedly provision has been 
mndc in his will for the support of 
at least one Brooklyn institution where 
treatment for the bl ind is ^giv en. 

It is understood ***^^§P<|i , ox will is 
simply draw^n and that the property is 
left unencumbered by trusts or other re- 

*. T. 0LGBB (t?Wr? 


Whistles for ihs-Rjind. 

(•'evelanLptyaio, Dec. 1).— Blind people 
ClevjMnd are to be supplied With 
Ip summon policemen at street 
Irossings/' This innovation was decided 
Ipon to-day by Chief of Police Kohler at 
■he instance of the Federation of "Women's 
Clubs. The whistles will be especially 
honstructed so as to be easily recognized 
(ay the police. 

» ( 




Clara Morris, Who Was Idealized by ; 
Hundreds of Theatre Goers, Likely 
to Have a Sad Christmas. 

NEW YORK, Dec 9— This promises to 
be a sad Christmas for Clara Morris, 
who was idealized by hundreds of thea- 
tre-goers when she was behind the 

The aged actress, who in private life 
if Mrs Frederick C. Harriott, and who 
has been ill for months at her home, 
No. 537 Riverdale av, Yonkers, has be- 
come totally blind and. is now confined 
to her bed constantly. 

The friends of other days, whom she 
longs for and who call on her, she can- 
not see. Since she is obliged to keep to 
her bed she seems to have lost heart. 


'day. Dec, 11. 1910 

Chief of poHce Konter oil Cleveland, the 
golden rule chtejhjjapfr dfeded that all 
bl ind perso narfo tafcxtf sifcu be supplied 
with*Vfl!§fles, that they may summon po- 
licemen to help them safely across streets. 
It is not stated that the whistles shall be 
used at all street crossings, as perhaps 
there might not be a copper to respond 
in most cases, but the practice may be of 
some accouKt.on busy thoroughfares. At 
least the blowing of the whistle may bring 
to the aid of the blind some capable per- 
son to aid in crossing. That, is probabiy 
the larger purpose of tue Federation of. 
w.omens clubs which urged the chief to 
is-s*ue the blrnd whistle order. 

YIMR1*. K Y AMHRfflMHf f* 


Lse Shubert will entertain as his per- 
sWM. guests at the Hippodrome to-day 
300jfchdldren from the various Institutions 
lie juvenile blind In the city. The 
incentive for their being asked to the 
e is the fact that a blind boy was ( 
e Hippodrome a short time ago and 
djBclared that he got great pleasure from 
tig the laughter of those about htm 
could see the performance. 
As far as possible, teachers and guar- 
dians will sit among the blind children 
to explain what is taking place on the 
stage. This is probably the first time that 
an invitation has been sent out by a 
theatrical management to blind children 
to be present at a performance. ^ 

WmW Y3BK. If. T., WOKU9 f8« 





— «. — 

They Strain Eyes Toward Stage 

and Joyously Ask Guides 

to "Tell Everything." 


One Likes Best "Flash of Blue 

Light/' as He Calls Vivid 

Wireless Sparks. 

Little Loretto Black's mamma curled 
her child':; 'h,iir in three, tight curls at' 
each side of her face yesterday, put on 
her white dress, and her white gloves 
and gave her a, little silver parse, be- 
cause Loretto was going to a matinee 
at the Hippodrome. Loretto had never 
been to a matinee and she was very 
proud anil excited, but when she got 
there she clung to her mother's hand 
and hid her face, because there wa« 
thunder and queer noises that Lorett.") 
had never heard. She only took courage 
when her mother told her that there 
were sixts - little girls on the stage 
dressed like Loretto's doll and skipping 
rope in a. dance. Loretto, you .tee, was 
blind. After that Loretto had a "per- 
feckly lovely time." She was one of 
the ninety guests of the management at 
a matinee to which all the blind chil- 
dren in the city schools were invited by 
the Shuberts. 

Every child was allowed to bring a 
guide along, and with the teachers ( 
sat in the two big boxes just off th»» 
stage. They sat there rather out of 
compliment to the guides, because it 
didn't matter to them. Most of the time 
faces were turned out to the 
audience, anyhow, especially when the 
guides forgot to tell them what, they 
were "seeing" on the stage. This they 
did sometimes. 

The guides were most of them little 
brothers or sisiters, to whom the Hippo- 
drome was a fairyland. Still, they were 
very faithful, performing bears and 
baby elephants and flying ladies all 
considered, and a small guide back of 
the reporter related the story of those 
wonders graphically and continuously 
to an eight-year-old whose shadowed 
eyes strained toward the unseen stage. 

"They have been looking forward to 
this for weeks," Miss S. J. Burke of 
ool Xo. 30 told the reporter. "I 
have read the programme to them and 
told them what it's all about, and they 
have talked it over so that it is all very 1 
vivid to them. It is the first time that 
many of them have b^en to any mati- 
nee, and they are enjoying dt very 
much. Last week I took my class to 
the Museum of Natural History, and it 
was a great pleasure. Ton must re- 
member before this year most of these 
children were at home with no occupa- 
tion, in a weary darkness. They arc 

easy to teach because they are all 
.xious to learr. and they arte! more 
tractable than other children." 
' The-e was William Ossman, a very 
bright little chap in Miss Burke's class, 
and instead of being afraid of the 
thunder he liked It. "What part dia 
you like the most?" the reporter in- 
quired. . 

William took his chewung gum from 
(lis mouth and put it carefully In his 
coat pocket. 

••I liked that part where they killed 
the fellow and where there was thf 
flash of blue light." William meant the 
Iwireless sparks which he could dimly 
see. "But the best part was where they 
had the flags of all nati 

"Why did you like that best?" the 
newsgatherer inquired. 

"Because they ended up toy singing 
our song, 'The Star-Spangled Banner.' ' 
Then William took out his gum and put 
it in his mouth. 

ter the show was over pome of the 
children w&re taken home in automo- 
ane d I ritable persons, 

h filled their cup to overflowing. 
"Gee, I wish I could," said William. 
"I've' been in an automobile once. Thej 
onlv thing I wished then was that Ij 
I see how the kids on our block! 
en they saw me come ridinj 





Police Commr. O'Meara will not inaugu- 
rate in Boston the new fad adopted by the 
Cleveland police providing whistles for the 

The commissioner states that there aro 
very few, if any blind persons in Boston, 
who go about alone, and that it would i»« 
a very poor policy to encourage the blind 
to give up their attendants and traverse 
the streets unassisted. 

The blind of Cleveland carry whistles to 
summons the police at street crossings, 
an innovation decided upon at the recom- 
mendation of the Cleveland federation of 
women's clubs. 

Such innovation has not been recom- 
mended to Commr. O'Meara, and he does 
not care to consider a measure that would 
encourage helpless people to assume risks. 

The residential sections of the city, with 
their wider streets and less crowded side- 
walks, can at times be traversed by the 
blind with comparative safety. 

It is seldom that such people are seen 
unattended in the more crowded business 
and shopping districts, and In the opinion 
to the commissioner to encourage the blind 
to attempt the crowded streets alone would 
be wrong. 


SATURDAyTdEC. 17, 19107" 

Another Cataract Has Blinded Salva- 
tion Army Head. 

LONDON, Dec. 16 — Gen. Booth, head 
of the Salvation Army, will shortly un- 
dergo an operation for cataract on his 
left eye. 

Though an operation for cataract on 
his right eye some time ago was tem- 
porarily successful, he eventually lost 
his sight in that eye. The growth of a 
cataract on the other eye has since 
blinded him entirely. 


DAY, DECEMBER 13, 1910. 

OTsrelanfl, Ohio. Plain Dsftlcr (II 

Blind Children at Hippodrome 

See Through Eyes of Teachers 


ShriU Sound Will Summon Crossing 

Policemen to Act as Thi«ir 


WitrffiT the next few days members 
j of OlevelWrs MM colony will he 
given definite protection through the 
| police department, to safeguard them 
i from the dangers of the crowded 
'streets. Blind citizens of the city- 
will be allowed to carry whistles to 
be blown at crowded corners and 
crossings where traffic policemen are 
stationed. Chief Kohler will issue an 
order instructing policemen to give 
personal escort to any blind person 
thus appealing for assistance. 

Henry Boeseh. a blind piano tuner 
employed by Dreher Bros., conceived 
the idea of introducing this system 
of help for the blind In Cleveland, 
after having learned of the practice 
being successfully applied in Chicago. 
Boeseh submitted to Chief Kohler a 
type of whistle to be used, differing 
in tone from the one used by the traf- 
fic police. 

"When there was little shifting in 
the police force and one Patrolman 
held a certain beat or corner for sev- 
eral years." said Boeseh. "the Mind 
people comparatively were safe, 
the police in different localities would 
become acquainted with them and 
keep watch for them. Now that there 
is a continual changing the blind 
have but little protection, and it 
seems, to me some definite plan was 

**OOiri.YT.. K. Y.. WtaUHIff) 

Blind Children from the Public Schools on Their Way to the Hippodrome 


The three great spectacles in the Hip- 
podrome yesterday afternoon were the 
source of much happiness for between 200 
and 300 blind children from the New fori; 
Pub'ic Schools. The youngsters, accom- 
panied by their teachers, "saw" the big 
show through the eyes of their teachers 
and were deighted with it. Their faces 
were flushed with the excitement and 
novelty of the afternoon and they sh 
their enthusiasm by applauding vigorously 
at the end of each spectacle. Their en- 
joyment proved they had a vivid idea of 
the representations on the stage and that 
they were both stimulated and amused 
by the entertainment which is arranged 
to appeal to the eye and the ear. 

Many spectators in the Hippodrome were 
touched by the sight of the children and 
wondered that more managers did not 
make an effort to give blind children au 
opportunity to attend their theatres. The 
children yesterday were the guests of Lee 
Shubert. They crowded many boxes on 

the first floor. Th* children reached the hands with glea, 

Hippodrome promptly at 2 o'clock under 
the direction of Gertrude Bingham, super- 
intendent of the blind children in the pub- 
lic schools. 

Among the schools that sent children 
were the Blind Babies' Home, in Bath 
Beach, and the following public schools: 
Xo. 17. Manhattan, jn care of Miss Burke; 
20, Manhattan, with Lauretta Burns; 
Xo. 30. Manhattan, with Mary G. Walsh; 
Xo. 110. with Arabella Cashman; Xo. 1S6, 
with Miss Sheidecker; Xo. 93, Brooklyn, 
with Frances E. Moscrip, and Xo. 157, 
Brooklyn, with Margaret Myer. 

When "Tiie International Cup" was pre- 
sented the teachers sat near the children 
and explained to them the events, giving 
a description of the scenery and describ- 
ing the action. When the circus acts 
were put on the children were thoroughly 
interested. They laughed at the grunts 
of the elephants and rippled with laughter 
at tae description of Marceline. At the 
close of "The International Cup." when 
the national anthem was played, the chil- 
dren jumped to their feet, as they have 
been taught to do in the public schools. 
The wonders of "The Ballet of Niagara" 
pleased the children. "The Earthquake," 
with the tumbling of a city and the re- 
bellion, made the youngsters clap their 

y^~~ ii, l^io. 

The Will of George L. Fox. 
In nil the history 6f Brooklyn as a 
city and as ;i borough no testamentary 
disposal of a large estate has bene- 
fited so many worthy local institutions 
so substantially as that of the $1,300,* 
000 fortune left by George L. Fox of 
the Eastern District. Something like 
$700,000 is bequeathed to friends and 
various charities, and the residuary 
estate, perhaps $800,000, goes to the 
Brooklyn Bureau of Charities and the 
Brooklyn Association for Improving 
the Condition of the Poor. As Mr. Fox 
had no near relatives, no contest of 
the will is likely. 

The amount left to each Institution 
named in the will is enough to be of 
real value in broad work. The Eastern 
District Hospital and Dispensary gels 
the largest specific sum. $100,000. Its 
neighbor the Industrial School Asso- 
ciation, on South Third street, re- 
ceives $10,000. The hitler amount is 
the smallest given to any charitable 
coiporation. and fifteen are named 
outside of the residuary legatees. The 
Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the Ro- 
man Catholic Orphan Asylum nre 
granted $23,000 each. The Howard Col- 
ored Orphan Asylum, the Industrial 
Home for the Blind, the Home for 
Aged Colored PeWmsrilv Home for 


Consumptives, the Jewish Hospital ad 
the Home for the Aged of the Little 
Sisters of the Poor come in for $50,000. 
The widest spirit of philanthropy, un- 
influenced by sect or race prejudice or 
color prejudice, is shown. 

The clear purpose of Mr. Fox was. 
gvsl to remember reasonably lus 
friends and distant relatives: second, 
to turn back to the community, with 
its long trusted charitable institutions 
a s the trustees, all that should be left 
Of the estate. That purpose is worthy, 
honorable, admirable, worthy of imi- 
tation. The clear method of Mr. Fox 
was to free beneficiaries from hamper- 
ioc restrictions and make it possible 
for the money bequeathed to be used 
in the most practical way. That meth- 
od is sane, wise, excellent. George L. 
F ox was a good citizen. He was also, 
an intelligent philanthropist. * 



young men and women attend 
jl^" Municipal affairs. 

Crcrid Does Not Bother Them and They 
Trip as Daintily and Nimbly as Do 
the Young People Who Have Good 

A number of blind young men and 
deriving a great deal of 
pleasure from the public dances which 
are given at the Auditorium. The young 
men are members of a Milwaukee or- 
chestra, which is composed entirely of 
blind musicians. Thev and several girl 
friends, also blind, attended the first 
municipal dance in a body, and they are 
planning to attend every one of the pub- 
lic dances to be given by the Playground 
association at the Auditorium this sea- 

The young men are Alusius Tyczkow- 
ski, 57'0 Fiftli-av; Otto Bauer, 2615 
Walnut-st; (ieorge Luenberger, 2515 
Walnut-st; Will Quade, 738 Forest 
Home-av, and Joseph Kimbel. The two 
voung women who attended the first 
dance are Florence Gaum and Surah Van- 
wald. The voung people range in age 
from 21 to 25. 

"We had a splendid time at the 
dance." said Mr. Tyczkowski. "We in- 
tend to go to every one of the dances. 
You see, the young women and men, all 
of whom are blind, who attended the 
dance, went to the same school together 
at Janesville. 

We gave dancing parties there every 
Saturday night, and had a dancing 
teacher come down from Madison. After 
we left school we missed our dancing 
parties, until the plan of giving public 
dances here was carried out.'" When 
Mr Tyczkowski was asked whether a 
chaperon, or some one to guide them 
through the crowd, accompanied them, 
he answered in the negative. "No, in- 
deed," he replied laughingly, "we don't 
need any one to guide us. Of course, 
there was a crowd, but we managed to 
get along all right without any assist- 
ance. If one keeps time to the music 
it is an easy matter to get about the 

Think of it, think of going to a dan- 
cing party where the bright lights are 
gleaming, where smiling faces radiate 
happiness, where the girls are garbed in 
brilliant hued dresses, and be in total 
darkness yourself. 

Think of going to a dance, and not be- 
ing able to see the faces of your part- 
ners. Think of this group of blind 
young optimists, who make the most 
but of fun times even~though they can- 
not see, the next time you go to a dan- 
cing party, and then be just as gay audi 
cheerful as vou can. You've got a greay 
deal to be bappy about. 

, W, Y. WBWAlfc ?S!5?S1 



rhe/K3*. Thomas McKinsey's Plea 

for Electric Chair Is Made to 

Four Governors. 


Battle Creek, Mich., Thursday.-The 
Rev Mr. Thomas McKinsey, of this city, 
has appealed to the Governors of New 
York, Ohio, New Jersey and West Mr- 
ginia, where electrocution is in use, to; 
grant him a legal execution by this, 
means. Mr. McKinsey is hopelessly! 
blind and is in danger of losing his voice. 1 
He has been singing in the streets and 
selling small articles, but the public re- 
fuses to buy, and, he says, society de- 
mands his" death. 

Not believing in self-destruction and 
holding an almshouse worse than death, 
he has sent this letter to the several Gov- 
ernors: — 

"I have been blind from birth. I am 
hopelessly blind. I amnot and seem- 
ingly cannot be profitably employed, 
therefore I cannot consistently have a 
home and a wife. If I live I must live in 
the poorhouse among lunatics, idiots, 
broken down drunkards and vagabonds, 
{where all I can do is to eat unpalatable 
food and wear coarse clothes, where there 
will be an end to aspiration and where I 
will be murdered slowly. Surely, under 
such circumstances, it is the duty of the 
State to take my fife in the most painless 
way possible, and I am willing and 
anxious that it should do so. 

"I have the misfortune to live In 
State which will not even put its crim-| 
inals to death, therefore I write to ask 
that I may be electrocuted in a State 
chair in New York, Ohio, New Jersey oi 
West Virginia. 

"I frankly admit that I do not. wan) 
to leave this life. I do not believe ir 
self-destruction. If I did I would kii 
myself. But as long as society has sai< 
that I shall starve to death, that I shal 
go without the necessities of life, I onh. 
ask'that my death be made a painless ond 
I hope the Governor of some State when 
[they practise electrocution will permit m; 
flife to We taken in that painless way.'' 

Medals for blind pupils.' 

Names of Winners In The Times Es6ay 
Contest Engraved for Them to Read. 

When the representatives of The New 
Yo:mc Times who are delivering Its Ber- 
geri^jjinage essay medals to the school 
childfirt of Jersey City entered the hall 
of St.feridget's parochial school at Mont- 
gomery and Brunswick Streets, under the 
lead of the Rev. Father Murphy, yester- 
day, the 800 pupils who had assembled 
there to receive them, rose In their seats 
and shouted: 

" Three cheers for Thb New 'York 

Sister Maurice, the Principal of the 
school, led the exercises. Two classes, 
one of boys, the other girls, recited in 
chorus with a precision that made every 
word distinct. Master W. Martin recited 
a poem about " The Man Who Wears the 
Button "—a veteran, of course; James 
Anglessy recited "The Battle Off San- 
tiago"; John Crosby, the famous speech 
of Lincoln at Gettysburg; and Charles 
Tumulty "At the Tomb of Napoleon." 
The Rev. Father Duffy and Sister Mau- 
rice kept the school In an during lunch 
hour to finish the exercises. 

At the School for the Blind, in Magno- 
lia Avenue, under the leadership of Sis- 
ters M. Gertrude, M. Alphonsus. and M. 
Sebastian, some of the sightless little 
girls there had competed for The Times 
medals and won prizes. When the exer- 
cises were about to begin Sister Alphon- 
sus handed this programme to The Times 
representatives : 




1. Singing .Class— " Who is Sylvia?".... 

Accompanied by Charlotte Hohr. 
Words by Shakespeare. Music by Schubert 

2. Piano I>uet— I.a Balladlno Lysberg 

Mabel Riley and Veronica O'Malley. 

3. Recitation— " The Xmas Dinner" 

Knte D. Wlggin 
Margaret Foley. 

4. Piano Solo — " Forpetmenot," a gavotte.. Glesc 

Charlotte Rohr. 
3. An Exercise In Arithmetic. 
G. Recitation—" How the Story Grew "..Wilson 

Sever*! members of the class. 

7. Singing Class — " Departure ".-, Mendelssohn 

Accompanied by Margaret Foley. 

Those who gathered to look on remarked 
the wonderful brightness and proficiency 
of the pupils, as reflected in their piano 
recitals and recitations. In presenting 
the medals to the winners, Col. Molony, 
l'or The Times, told them, because they 
can never see, that the name of each was 
engraved on her medal, and the little girls 
uncovered the lids of the Tiffany boxes 
to read them there with their finger ends. 

At the Catholic Institute the medal 
bearers were received b3' Brother Joseph, 
To-day the medals will be taken to AIlJ 
Saints' School, to the Bergen School, and 
to St. Nicholas's. 

)0 JUI 

K T KDttALS (flKfl 

TirmSDAY. DECEMBER 15, 1910. 

Blind Boy Once More Holds High 
Judicial Seat in School Government 

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MK , J 


With the installation yesterday of; 
the girl and boy mayors, judges, asso- 
ciate Judges and commissioners of one; 
kind and another elected last .week, 
Public School City No. 110, a^ Cannon 
and Broome streets, settled back to 
routine duty under the new govern- 
ment. The oath of office was admin- 
istered by Reuben Simmons, of the 
Department of Street Cleaning, the 

>lind leader of the movement to in- 
terest the children in the public schools 

n organizing sanitary squads. 

i Sarah Wasserman, fourteen years old, of 
irade 8B, and Charles Tau, the same age, 
f 7B, are the new Mayors. Charles was 
leeted over his opponent, Emanuel Mintz, 
by only a few votes. The most popular of 
the new officers is Benjamin Aplcello, who 
succeeded himself aa Presiding Judge. 
Benjamin is blind, but despite his affliction 
has made a good record in his studies. 
Gertrude Cohen, of 7B, was also elected 
Presiding Judge. The other officers elected 
were Max Schnurr and Bella Raab, First j 
Associate Judges; Carrie Sattler and! 
Thomas Laginesta, Second Associate 
Judges: Esther Bleicheisen and Morris 
Skolnick. District Attorneys; Jennie Kap- 
lan, Assistant District Attorney; Hatti 
Karpel and Raphael Milo, Commissionei 
of Police, and Celia Gussman and Emanu 
Mintz, Commissioners of Health. 
JAilliam H. Edwards, Commissioner . 
the • Department of Street Cleanin 
through Mr. Simmons, presented to each i 
the young officers a silver badge bearir 
the coat of arms of the city and the mott 
We Are for Clean Streets." 

iTO£ton, Dal., 13T«rr STt. I9t9f 

-;r.DAY, DECEMBER 24, \910. 




Sunday, Dec. 25, 


\lv, e writer hail the pleasure of 

meeting a voung Scotch girl who though 
almost blind is active and accomplished 
to a very remarkable degree. One of her 
principal interests is her poultry yard, 
and there her almost unaided efforts have 
met with truly wonderful success. 

Her yearly balance sheet shows sub- 
itial and increasing profits, while the 
care of her birds proves a source of much 
interest and provides a good deal of 
healthy outdoor exercise. She keeps 
careful and accurate accounts, a Braille 
slate being used for memoranda. 
She uses a typewriter for correspondence. 

leathered Life. 

Ten Blind Girls Taken on Tour o 
"Seeing New York"— Then Attenc 

a Matinee. \^§ I 

NEW YORK, Dec 24— Ten blind girt 
were taken on a tour of "Sejainjgi»Nev 
York" today in two automobiles a 
part ef a Christmas; jollification :ir 
ranged for thorn. Then they attended ; 
matinee. Lecturers described the prin 
dple points of interest on the tour an< 
the girls showed their delight by fre 
quant demands for fuller details. 

At the theatre a descriptive ^progron 
was lead to them before Hie perform 
ance> and beside each girl sat a friem 
who painted the scenes in whispers U 
the accompaniment of the stage dia- 
logue and music. V. 


an-ltcs, cal. bxprbss; <sst» 

DAY, DECEMWBKg 17, l&fc 


He was born in 
ago and had lived in this city, morel 
than 20 years. Before coming here 
he had lived in Colorado, where at 
one time he was a power in demo- 
cratic politics. 

During his residence in Los Ang- 
eles he was a member of the fire 
department, worked as o mason on 
the city hall, was a bookkeeper in 
the street department, where his 
sight began to give way and later 
was a zanjero or water overseer in 
the city water department. 

After his eyes became useless, he 
was appointed city hall guide. B 

+ »- »»»«.■»»■»■»»» »»«►«— 






♦ s 

♦ ■ 


•hookltn, w. t., orrxint nt 

rr.:r>AY t December 28, isio. 



is Susan McLane Knitted 25 
Years on Spread. 

SYRACUSE, Dec. 23.— After twenty- 
five years. Miss Susan McLane. of this 
City, who has been blind since she was 
eight years old. has finished a knitted 
spread composed of 740 whole shells and 
54 half shells. 

There are 2.000 stitches in each whole 
shell and 1.000 in each half shell, the 
latter forming the edge of the spread. 
The entire piece took 1,534,000 stitches. 

For her diversion Miss McLane plays 
solitaire, using what she calls a blind 
deck for this purpose, each of the cards 
being designated with "blind point." 

She is a studious reader, and her pet 
magazine is one published at the ex- 
pense of Mrs. Matilda Zeigler of Brook- 
lyn. /or free distribution to the «'""-' 

members of my family are well, and i 
as the city grows my sales seem to 
grow. I've kept most of my old cus- 
tomers and made a good many new 
ones. Business has been' good with 
me, and through the Enterprise I 
want to thank everyone who has 
helped make my Christmas a happy 
one. ij 

"It's six years now since I've been 
Tight here on the corner, and during 
that time there have been a lot of 
changes. I can't see them, but I know 
what they are just as well as any of 
you. And do you know that my hear- 
ing has been so keenly developed 
that I can distinguish the most of. 
my regular customers just by their 
footsteps. Everyone has been good I 
to me, the newsboys and the boys on 
the paper. They all help me in every 
way, and if it wasn't for them I don't 
know how I could get along." 


Remembered With Little Gifts. 

Mr. Gardner has been remembered 
by many of his customers, and the 
proceeds of the sale of his papers for 
this week Is a great deal more than 
if only the regular prices were ob- 

Friday, : 

hjlind Man Extends 
| Greetings To Those 

^^^—W/jo Have Aided Him 



Tom Collins, the blig^^jiiie . 
the city hall, died a ninutes, 

after midnight this morning at his 
home. 1152 East Fifty-fifth street. 

Death resulted from a stroke of 
apoplexy which he suffered late yes- 
terday afternoon, just as ne was 
about to leave his post in the lobby 
of the city hall. 

Those who were near him in the 
corridor saw him slip down from the 
high stool where be sat, sway for an 
instant and fall u 
floor. From then until he di 
about seven hours later, he 
never fully conscioi 

The funeral ts are be-' 

ing made today. isslble, the 

funeral will be .Monday after- 

noon 'at 2 o'cli 

Collins, though' totally blind, bad 
been the official ■ he city 

hall for seven 3 knew 

every inch of the building so well 
that he was able to go about in it as 
easily as If he had bis sight. Be- 
sides, he was acquainted with every 
detail of city business and knew the 
life histories of all the employes in 
the building. 

Mr. Gardner is Happy 

at the Christmas 



HUT out from the light of the 
world, Franklin C. Gardner, 
the "blind man on the corner," 
who for six years has sold the 
Enterprise at the corner of Main and 
Centre streets, Is nevertheless one of 
the happiest men In the city, and the 
walling pessimist would do well to 
take a lesson from one who is depriv- 
ed of perhaps the greatest blessing 
we enjoy, 

"Happy? "Why, of course I'm hap- 
py," said Mr. Gardner to-day. "Every- 
body should be happy at Christmas 
time." I still have my health, all the 


The Blind Man on the Corner, Cheery 

In Spite of Affliction. 

"They've been more than generous, 
to me," said Mr. Gardner, "and I hdpe 
that everyone in Brockton will have 
as merry a Christmas as I am going 
to have." ' 

Never yet has Mr. Gardner missed 
a day, since he first took his posi- 
tion on the corner six years ago/ If 
for any reason he should be missing 
from his accustomed spot, half Brock- 
ton would sit up and take notice. 
And here's hoping that he will be 
there for many years to come. 




AY, DECEMBER 25, 1010. 

With $100,000 in Treasury It 

Could Greatly Increase the 

Good Work It Now 

Is Conducting. 

"If we had a working capital of $100,- 
000 which we could use in the purchase 
of supplies we could save $6,000 a year," 
Kben P. Morford, superintendent of tha 
Industrial Home for the Blind, said the 
other day. The Industrial Home for the 
Blind is at Nos 512 to 520 Gates ave- 
nue. It is the only industrial home for 
the blind in this State, and Mr. Morford, 
who himself is a blind man, thinks that 
it Is not large enough. It employs 45 
blind men, but with a proper amount of 
capital it could give adequate employ- 
ment to 250, which would about meet 
the need. 

"There are 2,500 blind persons in New 
York City," Mr. Morford said. "Of these 
only 15 per cent, are children; the rest 
are adults, and half of these are men. 
These blind men, with training, can 
practically do anything that a seeing 
person can do. In some instances they 
can do better and quicker work than a 
seeing person, because after the hands 
are trained the darkness is an advan- 
tage. They oan concentrate their minds 
better when their eyes do net distract 
their attention. 

"We are only running a few industries 
now; we could run many more if we had 
the proper building and money for equip- 
ment and preliminary teaching. If we 
(had $250,000 we could- put 250 blind men 
to work here and make them independ- 
ent wage-earners, happy and useful, as 
are those now in our employ. We have 
plenty of land on which to erect the 
modern building that is required; all 
that is needed is the philanthropist or 
philanthropists with the $25i/,000. Maybe 
we only dream of the fine building and 
the adequate, upto-date equipment, and 
then, again, maybe it's coming soon. 
City Does Not Help. 

"No, the city does not help us at all, 
and we don't want any help that has 
political strings to it. oity money 
might give city governments power to 
make changes for political reasons that 
would destroy the efficiency of this in- 
stitution. The risk is too great." 

Here are some comparative statistics 
which show the kind of work the blind 
men are doing and how the laborers and 
their product have been increasing: 

1U02. 1909. 

Number of blind workmen 29 41 

Corn brooms made 20,323 44.074 

Cane chairs reseated.... 3,05H 5,804 

Mattresses made & renovated 59 43 

Wages paid blind workmen $4,168.08 ?6, 280.19 

Sale of manufactures 0,113.54 17,636.09 

Donations, factory 120.00 2,924.38 

The latest report of Walter C. Hum- 
stone, President of the Board of Trus- 
tees, says: "The Home is contribu- 
tory to the support of nearly one 
hundred persons. Of this number 
forty-five are blind; twenty-two of 
these live In the home. The other 
twenty-three have their own homes, 
which are supported from wages re- 
ceived by making brooms, caning 
chairs, and making mattress s— trades 
which were taught them in the home. 
Iustead of our blind being public 
charges on the city they just as 
independent as any person who has 

The blind men are paid according 
to a piece work scale, and the best 
of them can earn $14 a week when 
■work is steady They live in a 
little world of their own, and are 
busj-, useful, happy and self re- 
specting, which is very different from 
the old way of sitting unwelcome and 
neglected in some corner among un- 
sympathetic seeing people by whom 
the blind mar. felt that he was viewed 
as a useless and troublesome encum- 

Full of Interest. 

In the home or in their own homes 
with their wives and children these 
busy blind men lead- lives that are 
full of interest. And they are up-to- 
date, too. They have a seeing fore- 
man who every day at • noon reads 
the big world's news to them out of 
the daily newspapers. After the day's 
work is finished the matron reads to 
them from the evening newspapers. And 
they have opinions find theories of 
their own. No one can see things in 
the field of politics quite so clearly as 
the blind men. They pick up the big 
world questions that trouble states- 
men and /Settle them at least once a 
week. They had something to do with 
the lesson that the Republican party 
received at the last election. Concern- 
ing a certain eminent African hunter 
they say: 

"He talks too much. That's what's 
wrong with him. Coming from Oyster 
Bay he ought to imitate the good ex- 
ample seUby oysters."- 

They haven't any Anarchists in the 
home, but other parties and schools of 
thought are fairly represented. Most 
of the men are Republicans or Demo- 
crats, but there are several independ- 
ents and one man who is studying so- 
cialism. In a general way he is at- 
racted to it but wants to know what 
it really means— what leading Socialists 
really believe. He. finds it hard to ar- 
rive at conclusions. The leaders seem 
to be leading in opposite directions to 
one another. 

Bevrililerod Commcnf. 

"The more T study the less I under- 
stand it." is his bewildered comment. 
he has gone hack to Carl 
Marx, whom present day Socialists 
clatm I ■ h&\ <■ outgrow n. 

A litt 1 e ago the home had a 

Venian among its inmates. Most of 

blind n: good, free talkers, 

the Fenian was I beater. As 

of the blind men put it: 

"Toy him talk. 

like he'd had it all 

poun and now he 


And tii talked de- 

Cn gland 
.-Mid her £ brooms he 

made. igue fnirly 

whizzed'. U' quickest work- 

man in the place, parning $14 a week. 

He has been gone from the home for 
a couple of years, and the blind men 
miss him. He was a character, but 
most of the men are characters-— strong 
Individualities with vigorous hobbies. 
They had a poet among them a little 
while ago. But his pursuit of the muse 
did not ruin him for worldly occupa- 
tions. He was another crack workman, 
and made hla $14 a week right along 
when work was plenty. Among the 
present inmates of the home are one who 
recites well, a clever violinist, a great 
accordion artist, and several who can 
make a piano fairly si: up and talk. In 
the home's smoking-room there are a 

piano, a pianola, a phonograph and a 
music box. AH the men are fond of 
music and enjoy plenty of It. 
Prime Recreation. 

Debating or arguing Is another prime 
recreation in the blind men's smoking- 
room, and still another is checkers. The 
checkers are round and square pegs 
that fit into holes in" the board. One 
man has the rounds and another the 
squares— and away they go. 

Then there are the books for the 
blind. The Ziegler magazine comes once 
a month and has fifty large pages. It 
gives the big news of the world and 
contains many interesting articles. Then 
•the public library branch, situated in 
Fourth avenue and Pacific street, has a 
number of books for the blind and the 
home borrows them. Only the best 
things are put into print tor the blind 
and they miss tlhe welter of awful 
trash in which so many seeing persons 

Blindness has other compensations. It 
seems to improve memory and just at 
this holiday time it is of especial service 
in saving the pocket. As one of the 
home's inmates explained: 

"The things in the shop windows 
don't bother us at all; we don't see 
itlhem, so we don't want them and that 
saves our money. But we don't miss 
anything at Christmas. There'll be four 
eighteen-pound turkeys for the home, 
and every man who works here and has 
a home of his own will have a turkey 
•for his family." 

The Industrial Home for tlhe Blind 
was established In 1893 and concerning 
its history Mr. J. G. Jenkins, Who was 
president dn 1302, said In the annual re- 
port of that year: 

"The history of the Industrial Home 
for the Blind is peculiar In this, that 
no women are admitted, yet it was 
originated by women and women are 
now, as always, its best workers and 
supporters. Before it had a home of its 
own, and lived in undesirable hired 
apartments, the women gave all sorts 
of entertainments for Its support, and 
When boldness and well directed effort 
were called for to buy and pay for the 
present quarters it was the women who 
found the place and had the fart<h to be- 
lieve that some way would be provided 
for the payment. 

Own the Property. 

"The result is that we own the prop- 
erty, being 120 feet on Gates avenue, by 
120 feet in depth, with three buildings. 
God bless the women workers of the In- 
; dustrlal Home for the Blind." 

The Mlzpah Circle set things going. 
The women of that organization want- 
ed to do something td help the blind, 
but didn't know how. To them came 
an energetic young man with an idea. 
He was a blind man, Eben P. Morford, 
the present superintendent. Like most 
other blind men, he was not born 
blind. A small boy playing with a 
pistol accidentally destroyed his sight 
Nov. 2, 1883. When he recovered from 
the shock he went to school in Xew 
York and learned to use his fingers in 
place of his eyes. 

He succeeded in this, but found that 
opportunities for employment of blind 
men were very few. In the entire 
United States there was then only one 
industrial institution for them. It 
became Mr. Morford's ambition to 
start another, and when he made ac- 
quaintance of the, Mlzpah Circle he found 
many ■sympathetic friends ready to do 
their utmost to help the blind men to 
help themselves. They began boldly 
In 1893 at Xo. 36 Lexington avenue, 
and in 1899 acquired their present 
property, which is to-day worth $50,- 

f&Ipfnl Women. 
The following official lists give the 
names of those who are no*w and for 
years have been helping the home: 

Subscribers to Endowment Fund — 
Mrs. Harriet L. Wilcox, estate of Pe- 
ter V. Burnett, Mrs. Amelia P. Web- 
ster, Fenwick B. Small, in memory of 
Mrs. .T. S. Loomls, in memory of Mrs. 
M. W Manning, Mrs. H. K. Sheldon, J. 
W. Frothlngham, William L. Chapman, 
Miss Julia Latimer, Mrs. Dean Sage, 

C .^ 


Mrs. E. J. Spencer, William J. Wright, 
L. a Hentz, Mrs. H. J. Smith, Henry 
V. Palmer, Mrs. E. J. English and 
Isaac Reed. 

Active Members - - Sirs. Charles 5. 
Barker, Mrs. John otafct, Miss L. M. 
Bohner, Miss Man Braun, Mrs. W. A. 
Brown. Mrs. Edward H. Dare, Mrs. 
Julius De Long, Mrs. Edward Downing, 
Mrs. P. Dwig'at Ellis, Mrs. A. M. Flem- 
ing, Mrs. Albert C. F<:rts, Mrs. John 
M. -Puc ?, Mrs. Emil Sreiner, Mrs. F. 
fOdore Herx. Mr*:. II. R. Houston. 
-Mrs. Clarence C. Jenkins, Mrs. Edward 
T. Jenkins, Mrs. Fred Jenkins, M-rs. 
John G. Jenkins, Mrs. Clayton Knee- 
land, Mrs. Harold Loomis, Miss E. 
Amy Mason, Mrs. William D. Meurlin, 
Mrs. F. S. Mills, Mrs. Edward E. 
Moore. Miss E. S. Nexsen, Mrs. Ludwlg 
Nissen, Mrs. Richard Nugent, Mrs. M. 
O'Connell, Mrs. Theodore H. Polhemus, 
Mrs. Robert Reeved, Mrs. .1. E. Rock- 
wood, .Mrs. Albert Scull, Mrs. G. W. 
Smith, Mrs. Daniel Stewart, Mrs. 
George C. Stent. Miss Vera Thomas, 
Mrs. A. F. Tucker, Mrs. W. J. Wheeler 
and Mrs. George Worthingron, jr. 
Snntainiiift' Members. 
Sustaining Members — Mrs. Andrew 
D. Bairl, Mrs Ern-?s-t Baker, Mrs. 
Gayton Ballard, Mrs. Ira L. Bamberger, 
Mrs. Henry Battarman, Mrs. Alfred G. 
Belden, Mrs. Edward Bohnet, Mrs. Ed- 
wand H. Brown, Mrs. Williard L. Can- ! 
dee, Mr. D. C. Cardozo, Mrs. David 
Case, Mrs. I. E. Chapman, Mrs. A. M. 
Cowan, Mrs. D. J. Creern, Mrs J. Henry 
Dick, Miss Dora Dick, Miss Julia Dick, 
Mrs. John Eakins, Mrs. J. T. Edwards, 
Mrs. George Engs, Mrs. J. A. Fischer, 
Mr. A. M. Fleming, Mrs. G. B. For- 
rester, Mrs. W. H. • Frank, Mrs. F. F. 
Fulter, Mr. H. F. Gunnison, Mrs. Victor 
A. Harder, Mrs. J. Hasslacher, Mrs. E. 
H. Herb, Mrs. C. O. Herx, Mr. W. G. 
Herx, Mr. F. T. Herx, Mrs. A. C. 
Hockemeyer, Mrs. F. C, Hockemeyer, 
Mrs. W. C. Humstone, Miss E. M. John- 
ston, Mrs. R. J. Kimball, Mrs, Louise 
Knobloch, Mr. B - . F. Knowles. Mrs. C. 
Kreuzmann, Mrs. Otto Lermann, Mrs. 
J. W. Lewis, Mrs. Anna Lindermann, 

I Mrs. William A. Locke, Mrs. J. J. Mc- 
Swyny, Mrs. D. F. Manning, Mrs. Cord 
Meyer, Mrs. Frederick Miller, Mrs. 
Charles H. Mlddendorf, Mrs. George T. 
Moore, Mrs. K. Moore, Mrs. C. H. 
Morse, Mrs. J. W. Newbury, Mrs. A. 
H. Nichols, Mrs. George Nicholson, Miss 

1 Clara Nissen, Mr. George Nissen, Mr. 

I Ludwig Nissen, Mrs. H. D. Norris, Mrs. 
Frank Obercvier, Mrs. F. A. Palen, Miss 
Laura E. Ray, Mrs. Frank Raub, Miss 

! Flora E. Rogers, Mrs. Lewis Rogers, 
Mrs. A. C. Schanman, Miss Emma L. 
Schirmer, Mr. Conrad Schwoerer. Mrs. 
Don C. Seitz, Mrs. Fenwick B. Small, 
Miss Lue Small, Mrs. Andrew Smith, 
Mrs. George Steers, Mrs. D. M. Swa- 

: ney, Mrs. Charles E. Teale, Mrs. John 
S Turner, Mrs. T. Von Au, Mrs. J. Wal- 
lace, Mrs. I. D. Webster and Mrs. Theo- 
dore Weygandt. 

Interest in the home is growing. The 
endowment fund has already reached 
JIT, COO, and it may well be that with so 
many active and energetic friends to 
help it along it will amount to $100,000 
before next Christmas comes around. 


Saturday, Dec. 31, 1910 


Henry Silver, Schoolmate of Thackeray, 
Leaves Fortune of $5,539i3; 

London, Dec. 31 — Mr. Henry T5ilv< 
who was a colleague of Sir John Tenniel 
on the staff of Punch in the fifties, and 
who died on Dec. 3, at the age of eighty- 
two, left a fortune of $5,539,335. Mr. Sil- 
ver's will, which was proved yesterday, 
contains the following munificent be- 
quests to charity: 

Two hundred and fifty thousand dol- 
lars to the Royal Free Hospital, Gray's 
Inn road, W. C. 

One hundred and twenty-five thousand 
dollars to the Royal Victoria Hospital 
for Children, Chelsea. 

One hundred and twenty-five thousand 
dollars to the Hospital for Children, 
Great Ormond street, W. C. 

Ten thousand dollars to the West Lon- 
don Workshops for the "Rii nH >ir - 

Mr. Silver bequeathed W'Mffls Punch 
drawings to the proprietors of that jour- 
nal; a life annuity of $2500 to nurse El- 
len Brown, "who so faithfully nursed my 
late dear wife and has lately been in at- 
tendance on me"; and $25,000 to the 
Charterhouse School, where William 
Makepeace Thackeray was his schoolfel- 
low. Subject to bequests to friends, Mr. 
Silver left the residue of his estate equal- 
ly between Mr. Arthur George Watson of 
Wadhurst, Sussex, Mr. Henry Alfred 
White of Tokenhouse Buildings, E. C, 
and Mr. Walter George Guillemard, late 
of Harrow, each of whom will receive, 
after the duties have been paid, about 

The duties will amount to nearly $1,- 
500,000. The estate duty will be at the 
rate of 15 per cent, while legacy duty 
will be levied on almost the whole of the 
estate at the maximum rate, 10 per cent. 
Mr. Sliver is one of the few literary men 
to leave a fortune exceeding a million 
sterling. Even those who were inti- 
mately associated with him and with 
Punch had no idea that he possessed such 

His initials, H. S., are carved in large 
characters on the Punch table, between 
the monogram O. S. of Mr. Owen Seaman 
and the Hy. F. of Mr. Harry Furniss. On 
theSother side of Mr. Seaman's monogram 
appeans the monogram, W. M. T. of 

w. t. Tiarai flirty 

.Tuesday, v'sn. 3, 1?11. 


French Girl Provinces Philosophic; 
Play at Paris Odeon. 

PARTS, Dec^jjg^j-A play, stronger as 
philosophieal l *fnesis than as a dramat 
work, has just come from the pen of Mil 
Marie Leneru/ and has been presented i 
the Odeon by INT. Andr6 Antoine. 

" Les Affranchis." 'as it is called, dea 
with the love story of a philosopher. I 
has written books that preach absolu 
individual freedom. He has a host of fc 
lowers. And he is handsome and the sp 
cial idol of women. His sister brings in 
his household a beautiful girl who hi 
read all his writings and greatly admir 
hlm, although she. has never met hi 
before. The two work together, plan t 
gether, and form a strong, sympathet 
friendship. In the end they fall In lo 
with each other, although he is marrie 
and there Is a vast difference in tin 
ages. The man asks the girl to mar) 
him.' She puts before him his own teac' 
ings. Still he insists; but a talk with 
woman who has been a nun leads tl 
girl .to return to the convent from whii 
she came to ioin the philosopher's hous 

The author of the play, which has l>f" 
enthusiastically received and has mai 
noteworthv and dramatic incidents 
it, is 25 and totally deaf. Her ej 
are so weak that, even with tl 
aid of very strong glasses, she ca 
bately see. * Her affliction - came wi| 
typhoid fever followed by nervoi 
shock during a stor.m. In watching- tl 
audience on the first night Mile. Lenei 
repeatedly told her mother that she w; 
being nooted at, and she became so e: 
cited when the audience rose to applai 
Uer work that she had to be attended t 
i physician. 

•:,TH. ft- T., Hfl9MB{f&$ 

.Saturday, Jan, 7i 1911' 


The members of the Blind Women's 
Club of this borough held a New Year 
reunion In the form of a kaffee klatsch, 
at the home of the president, Mrs. Jo- 
sephine L. Austin, 11 Warren place, on 
Monday afternoon. The ^arty was one. 
of the series that has been arranged for 
this season in order to develop a spirit 
of sociability among the blind women of 
this borough, and proved a complete 
success. An excellent musical programme 
was furnished by the members, and re- 
freshments were served at the close. The 
souvenirs were miniature telephones. 

In recognition of her zealous work in 
behalf of the club, her associates pre- 
sented Mrs. Austin with a handsome 
handbag of green leather. 

I or. 



December 14, 1910 

eading for "I wish to suggest a resource for 

the Blind one of your correspondents, an 
elderly man, deaf and with im- 
paired sight. There are books embossed in Moon 
type for the blind. The older "point" systems are 
too difficult for any but young pupils, as they require 
very sensitive touch; but Dr. Moon invented this 
type for the use of those who become blind in adult 
years. It is very simple, and may be learned with- 
out a teacher. A teacher, however, will be sent if 
the pupil lives within easy reach of the library. My 
mother learned to read it when eighty. She is now 
eighty-nine, and has found constant pleasure in 
reading these last nine years. Books in this type 
will be sent free by mail. Uncle Sam carries read- 
ing for the blind free. Application to the Public 
Library Department for the Blind will bring full 
particulars. Boston, New York, Philadelphia, 
Chicago and Washington furnish these books. 

"A. H. B." 

8., BSS T38"?8't 
WiulW&jg, Jan, : 5, 1911. 

legacy to Blind is 

Said to Be Invalid 


Will of Mrs. Maria Augustat Admitted 

to Probate, but is Under Grave 


The will of the late Mrs. Maria Augustat, 
which Is believed to be Invalid because of 
its provision that some $1,900 be divided 
among the blind of Omaha, was admitted 
to probate by Judge Leslie in the county 
court Wednesday. The will was admitted 
simply because no objections had becm 
filed. Under the law distribution of money 
or property under a will cannot be made 
until creditors and others having claims 
against the estate have had six months 
in which to file them and have them 
satisfied. At the end of that time the 
question whether it is legally right for' 
Hans Book, the executor in this case, to 
attempt to distribute the money among the 
blind must be determined by Judge Leslie. 
The provision is supposed to be invalid 
because, it is said, it would be impossible 
for any one to be sure he had given ever 
blind person in Omaha a share of th 



m tm a*t«, 

i n 



In every city almost, a familiar figure 
on some street corner has been, that of a 
menjfcant, a cane in one hand, a tin cup in' 
the other. 

Sometimes a variation has been found 
in the unfortunate who saws on a battered 
and tuneless violin. Always, though, he 
has worn the insignia of his rank, a card 
bearing the words. "Help the Blind." 

And always tender-hearted passersby 
have been found ready to drop coins into 
the little tin cup in order that the sightless 
one might maintain life in his afflicted 

This spectacle, fortunately, is one that is 
rapidly disappearing. It has been found 
that the truest charity toward this class 
lies not in showering them with small 
coins, but rather in aiding them to sup- 
port themselves in some more desirable 

One of the most commendable of philan- 
thropies is that which teaches the blind to 
help themselves. When one is deprived of 
one of his faculties others become keener. 

Because of this rule the Mind person's 
sense of touch is extraordinarily developed 
and thus permits ihim to become a skillful 
craftsman, even though he is unable to be- 
hold the work of bis hands. 

Agencies are at work nearly -everywhere 
now teaching the blind the best use for, 
their hands. * 



REV. DR. WinW 

Remarkable Operation -Sj^is-: 
fully Performed on Noted ' 
Boston Archaeologist, 

FOR the first tlmo in four years Dr. 
William Copley Winslow, noted ar- 
tist, historical writer and for- 
mer Episcopal minister, is able to look upon 
the world. For the first time in that period 
be sees the faces of loved ones about him 
and recognizes friends, pnee more lie is 
able to resume his studies and to take up 
hig life work. 

He has been cured of blindness. Surgery 
has substituted a glass lense for the dead 
and useless lense of the human 

In other words, when Dr. Winslow doe* 
not wear the lense nothing but a whit. 
glare flashes through the hollow pupil o 
the eye. The mirror of the brain portray; 
nothing. n,it when the lense is adjuster' 

the whole world instantly arises before Dr 
Winslow like magic. 

Remarkable Cure Made. 

It has been like the lifting of a curtail. 
that obscured the world. Science has ac 
compllshed one of the most remarkabl, 
cures ever heard of. Were Dr. Winslow a 
young and active man the cure would nor 
hate been so remarkable, but he is past 
Bet«nty-one years and his affliction had 
hJen coming on for four years. 

From the window of his home at No. 
525 Beacon street Dr. Winslow looked out 
upon the Charles river yesterday and point- 
ed out objects of interest that even the re- 
porter who interviewed-— him on his won- 
derful recovery could not see. Dr. Wins- 
low read the writing on signs that were. 
not plain to the reporter and he counted 
the foot passengers who crossed the bridge 
to Cambridge. 

Letters of congratulations have coin 
Dr. Winslow from all parts of the country 
where it was known that he had lost the 
use of his eyes and that science hat re- 
stored his sight. One of the most v 
letters was from the Kev. Dr. J. 1. T. 
Coolldge of Cambridge, who is ninety-four 
years old. Dr. Coolidge is the oldest riv- 
ing Harvard graduate. 

In the world of science and research 
Dr. Winslow has an unusual reputation. 
He is a Fellow in many of the leading 
colleges of the world; he was an edit 
writer of note; he is one of the foremost 
authorities on history and Egyptian 
cognate archaeology, and he has contributed 
many antiquities to the Boston Museum 
from Egypt. He has written a score of 
books on historical subjects. 

It was four years ago last October that 
Dr. Winslow felt his eyesight failing him. 
He was delivering a lecture in Barnstable 
on the Cape, when he found the notes 
dancing before his eyes. lie could not 
read them, but went on with his lecture, 
being familiar with his subject, 

Sight Failed Four Years Ago. 

It was some time after this that" Dv. j 

Winslow consulted an oculist. The oculist I 

did not want to tell him how serious his I 

trouble was, and Dr. Winslow knew U 

from his manner. Other eye specialists 

were consulted and they were equally j 

reticent about informing him that he would j 
eventually become blind. 

By January Dr. Winslow could not 
That is, he could see only shadows passing! 
before him. He could not recognize mem- 
bers of his family and lie could not dis-i 
tlngulsh objects on. the street, lie was al-j 
most entirely blind. 

Then Dr. Winslow visited Dr. Frederick: 
Spalding, an eye specialist of prominence] 
in Boston. Dr. Spalding told his patient 
the truth; that cataracts had grown over 
both eyes and that only an operation could! 
save the use of his eyes. 

This was indeed painful news, but D ■ 
Winslow is*a man of «■'>-"'- ■>.-.. 

| faith. He said he would undergo the op- 
, eration, and that as he was in pet 
j health, otherwise, he had no fear of the 
l outcome. He felt that the use of his eyes 
' would he restored to him. 

A course of treatment was prescribed 
; and seme weeks ago Dr. Winslow wa 
ken to the Bessey Hospital in the Hack 
Bay section for the operation. Dr. Spald- 
ing was in charge of the operation and he 
was assisted by several famous physicians 
In describing the operation Dr. Winslow 
said yesterday that lie had not suffered 
■ the least pain. He did not take an anaes- 
thetic, but cocaine was put in the eves 
In deaden the pain be would otherwise 
have suffered. Dr. Winslow " 

"Dr. Spaulding made an incision in tile 
eye far up above the lid. He then pro- 
ceeded to remove the lens. The 
and most delicate of knivei were 

used for this important work. When the 
lense bad hem removed au antiseptic dress- 
ing was (jut in -,lic .ye. 

"It is very difficult to put an antiseptic 
n the eye, the organism is so delicate. 

Were the surgeons to tOUCll or bruise iiie 

optic nerve tli would be destroyed 

entirely. The antiseptic used -and this 
was very pleasant— was the whke of an 
find nitrate of silver. 
-'Then a blinding bandage was put over 
both eyes so thai r could uoi see the 
thing ana not the slightest bit of li"'it 
'■"'Id rough. Thus 1 was kept for 

twenty-two days in tola! darkness ft Was 
■"ml day thai I felt any 
pain. I lieu ray eye began to ache, n was 
'ike havina a large cinder in the eve that 
"■as cutting Into the pupil." ' X a 



t .O. 


^-Thomas J. Donaghue, a blind teacher 
and newspaper man, who leofcsfed on 
Mexico and its people in K. of C. hall 
Sunday night, received a purse of $"25 
Monday as the result of the sale of tickets 
for his benefit. Mr. Donaghue is soon to 
leave for Germany, where he will con- 
sult an eye specialist in hopes that his 
eyesight may be restored to him. 


JANUARY 23, 19H. 

Blind Man to Wed Woman of 53 Who 
Has Good Eyesight. 

NEW YORK, Jan. 22— John D. Sam- 
mis aged 63, an inmate of the Indus- 
trial Home for the Blind, and" Miss 
Sarah J. Newbold, aged 53, went to 
Borough Hall yesterday and obtained 
a marriage license from Deputy Clerk 
Scully. Sammis is- totally blind and 
Miss Newbold has her eyesight. 

The two met three years ago at a re- 
ception ft the Industrial Home. Miss 
Newbold has long been interested in 
the work of that institution. Sammis, 
it is said, is efficient in making brooms 
and caning chairs, and it is this that 
will enahle him to embark upon his 
fourth matrimonial adventure. The 
couple refused to say when the wed- 
ding would take place. 


„'3y, Jan. 24, 1911. 


This Bill Provides for Issuance, 
Witnout Charge, for Selling of 
Newspapers, Playing Instruments, 


A bill providing that blind persons 
may be licensed, without charge, to sell 
goods and newspapers or to play musi- 
cal instruments in public places, \ 
considered! by the committee on legal 
affairs at the state house this morning. 
Abraham Guggenham of Boston fa- 
vored the bill, contending that in many 
cases the payment ai a license fee is a 
particular hardship upon the blind, and 
sometimes prevents their being able to 
earn a livelihood. 

License clerk Casey for the city of 
Boston thought the bill too broad in its 
scope, and suggested that it it is to be 
passed it be confined to the sale of 
small wares, as under its provisions as 
drawn it would permit a blind person 
to sell anything. He stated that usual- 
ly in case a person applied for a license 
and was unable to pay the fee he is 
turned over to some charitable organ- 
ization, and frequently the fee is paid 
bv such organizations if after investi- 
ga*kBl it is found that the person is 
deserving. The hearing was closed. 

The hearing on the bill providing that 
ao sheriff, deputy sheriff, bail commis- 
sioner or clerk of a court shall serve 
as probation officer was continued, an- 
other bill of the same sort being before 
the judiciary committee. 


Tuesday, Jan. 24, 1911. 


w$\mx JBaibr (glofce. 

Guggenham Moves to License Them 
to Sell or Play Free of Charge. 

Abraham Guggenham of Boston ap- 
peared before the committee^ft, legal 
affairs at the State Hofi&^Today in sup- 
port of a bill providing that blind per- 
sons may be licensed, free of charge, to 
sell goods and newspa.pers, or to play 
musical instruments In public places. 
Mr. Guggenham contended that in many 
cases the payment of a license fee was 
an unjustifiable hardship upon the blind, 
sometimes forcing them to become a 
charge upon the community. 

License Clerk Casey, for the city of 
Boston, said he thought the bill too 
broad in its scope, since it would permit 
a blind person to sell anything without 
payment of a license fee He suggested 
that if the hill was to he passed it be 
amended so as to confine the special 
privileges of blind persons to the sale 
of small wares. 

"Usually," said Mr. Casey, "in case a 
person applies for a license and is unable 
to pay the fee, he is turned over to some 
charitable organization, and frequently 
the fee is paid by such' organizations if, 
after investigation, the person is found 
to be deserving." The hearing was 


Tuesday, Jan. 24, 1911. 


peared before the committee on legal 
affairs at the State House today iu 
favor of a bill providing that blind 
persons may be licensed without 
charge to sell goods and newspapers 
or to plav musical instruments in pub- 
lic places. He contended that in many 
eases the payment of a fee was a hard- 
ship on the blind and in some cases 
prevents them from making a liveli- 
hood. License Clerk Casey for the city 
of Boston thought the bill too broad 
in its scope. The hen ring on the bill 
providing that no sheriff, deputy sher- 
iff, bail commissioner or clerk of a 
court shall serve as probation officer 
wns continued, another bill of the same 
sort being before the judiciary com- 


Wednesday, Jan. 25, 1911. 

ing that blind peiteo«s?Aay 
thout charge, to jM&*li>ods 
.■a or to play musical inltru- 
is considered by 
. on legal affairs. 
License Clerk Casey for Boston thought 
the bill too broad in its scope, and sug- 
gested if it is to be passed it be confined 
to the saleofsmaU, 


be 1 

mer.ts in 
the commi 

WEDNESDAY, JAN 25, 1911. 


Two Old Persons in Brooklyn and 
Newark End Lives. 

NEW YORK, Jan. 29— Blindness drove 
two old persons to commit suicide today. 

Mrs. Christina Weller, aged 75 years, 
whose sight was nearly gone, ended her 
life" by inhaling gas in her home in 
Brooklyn. She . carefully removed a 
canary bird, a dog and cat from her 
room to one adjoining before she turned 
on the gas. 

The body of Rheinhold Lerz, who had 
recently become totally blind, was found 
today hanging from the fire escape in 
front of the municipal almshouse at 


But Miss Leila Holterhoff, an Amer- 
ican Girl, Making a Great Success 
as a Singer. 

BERLIN, Jan 25— Evidently nature is 
making compensation to Miss Leila 
Holterhoff, the young soprano from Eos 
Angeles, now in Berlin, for having de- 
prived her of her sight. She is now 

— — 

_~- ; . '*/' ' ■■ ■ . ,; . 


engaged upon a series or concerts at 
Weimar for the benelit of the Grand 
Ducal institute for the blind. This year 
will find her touring her native land 
for the first time since she tound tame 
in Europe. 

Here is a young American girl, born 
in Dayton, O, brought up in i,os An- 

feles, Calif: tai American pro- 

tssors. winning fame in >'erlm. Lon- 
don, Munich, Paris, Florence, at 
tereburg; in a word, all over i-Airope. 
And she wins, despite the ract that 
she has been blind from early child- 

Miss Holterhoff is the onlv child or 
Mr and Mrs Godfrey Holterhoff of L,os 


C- > 

r»n«, k t . »»nmi«&« mm 

Saturday, Jam Mi WL:ZZ33M 



Expects to Visit Heaven in White 

Robes and Return Monday, 

Blindness Gone. 

McKeesport, Pa., Jan. 27.— Miss Mar- 
garet Shipley, twenty-five years old, who 
has been blind from birth, is lying at the 
home of a friend here in a trance. She 
has predicted that when she returns to 
consciousness next Monday, sight will 
have been given her. She claims to have 
received a divine message last Sunday 
that if she would fast eight days, four 
of which she would spend in a trance 
state, she would be able to see. 

Hundreds of persons visited the home 
of Mrs. Charles F. Halderman, No. 117 
Olympia street, to-night, to see the girl. 
None was allowed to go near her, as 
Miss Shipley, in her prophecy, said that 
if any one touched her while she was in 
the trance, that person would fall dead, 
and her sight would not be given her. 
The body was as rigid as if life had left 
it, just as Miss Shipley 'had predicted. 

Predicted Trips to Heaven. 

Miss Shipley attended a prayer meet- 
ing last Sunday night. There she was 
taken in charge by Edna Tauber, a girl 
of twelve years, who said that she would 
try to "pray open" the eyes of the blind 
girl. After the meeting Miss Shipley and 
Edna went to a room in Mrs. Haider- 
man's house to spend the night in prayer. 
At four o'clock Monday morning tms 
child announced that she had had a com- 
munication from heaven and that if Miss 
Shipley would fast eight days, sight 
would be given her. 

Miss Shipley began her fast at once, 
and tho next day claimed to have re- 
ceived several divine messages. She 
predicted that she would go to Heaven 
to-day and would repeat the journey 
to-morrow, Sunday and Monday. Be- 
fore going into the trance to-day Miss 
Shipley said: 

"Final and complete directions as to 
how and when I shall receive my sight 
came to me last night. 
Was to Be Robed in White. 

"I -was told from heaven that I must 

Irepare myself by dressing in spotless 

Vhite throughout, and that I must wear 

two of each garment instead of one. I 

was told to recline on a White couch, 

and Mrs. Halderman was to be dressed 

•all in white also. It was made plain 

to me that I must part my hair exactly 
in the middle. I am to be in a state of 
suspended animation to-day, and will 
he transported to heaven, hut I shall 
return to-night. I shall go again to- 
morrow, Sunday and Monday, and then 
my sight will come." 

Miss Shipley had already put on the 
white garments she said she had been 
told to wear, and was lying on a couch 
covered with sheets. She had hardly 

ceased speaking when her body began 
to grow rigid, and within an hour she 
was unconscious. Several physicians 
have expressed a desire to examine her, 
h«t Mr. Halderman will not permit it. 



bl Mj mm iro rew I'HCTCE 

» J. TIMES f«tl7f1 

Monday, Jan, gQ, flftlfc 


ve Sight. 


[Special Dispatch to the Sunday Herald.] 
McKEESPORT, Pa.. Jan. 28 — So great 
was the crowd wanting to see Margaret 
Shipley, the hUpd giA in a trance, that 
the West PefmSylvlma Street Railway 
Company was compelled to put on two 
extra cars to the suburban home at 117 
Olympia street. Today the cars were 
crowded even to the roofs, while hun- 
dreds, unable to ride with safety, 
walked. About 100 people remajned 
about the house all night waitching 
shadows on the window shades. 

The blind girl, who has promised thai 
she will on next Monday night stand be- 
fore them With her eyes, which have 
been blind from birth, fully restored and 
all through her fasting and faith, came 
out of her trance partially toward morn- 
ing, and for a few minutes exhorted in 
an 'unknown tongue. But one word was 
recognized by those who heard her. It was 

On being questioned as to the signi- 
nee of this word, Mrs. Charles F 
Halderman, in whose house the girl is ir 
a state of coma, said Margaret before 
passing into her trance had said she hac 
been instructed that on receiving hei 
sight -she would go to Thibet as i 
mis si n nary. 

Before passing into the trance she ad 
vised Mrs. Halderman that she wantet 
12 persons, whom she named, to be pres 
ent* when she regained her sight Monda; 


r.', Jan, K, 1#M« 


PITTSBURG, Pa., Jan. 120. - Margaret 
Shipley, the McKeesport blind girl who is 
fasting for eight days in order to gain her 
sight, entered on her final vigil to-nigh t. 
The watchers at the bedside who spent 
the day with her told visitors this evening 
that her soul, which had left her body 
early this morning and had been in 
heaven all day, returned to her body to- 

Churchgoing citizens, scandalized by the 
visiting thousands who tramped up the 
hill in the mud to view the fasting girl, 
petitioned the McKeesport police this 
afternoon to stop the exhibition, but the 
police, after sending a physician to exam- 
ine the girl, and finding she was in no 
danger of death from weakness, refused 
to interfere. The authorities, however, 
forbade 12-year-old Edna Tauber, whom 
Margaret had arranged to have remain at 
her bedside day and night until her fast 
was over, to continue her watch, and sent, 
her home. It was discovered that Edna, 
obsessed by Margaret's example, had not 
tasted food for two days. 

To-morrow is the final day of Mar- 
garet's trance. She has promised that 
after her soul goes to heaven and returns 
to her she will wake at 6 o'clock to- 
morrow evening and look on the world 
for the first time, as she was born blind. 
Of the twelve people whom she asked to 
be with her when this happens eight 
volunteered to-day. 

No less than 25,000 people to-day visited 
the Halderman home, where the girl is 
staying. ) 

The street car service was insufficient 
and many women walked three and four 
miles In the pouring rain. The roads 
in the vicinity were a sea of mud, and 
the visitors tracked great clods of clay 
from the roadside into the house with 
them. They were admitted in a long line, 
and were allowed to march in single file 
past the door of the room in which she 
lay, but only disciples were admitted to 
the room with Mrs. Halderman and the 
girl Edna. > 



Jtev. F. C. Atwood, Grand Prelate of Minnesota Grand Lodge of Knights 
of Pythias, Tells Congregation of Hanover Street Congregational 
Church Lesson to Be Learned From Biblical Incident Is to Use the 
** Faith Within One and Be at Peace. 

"Blind Bartimeus was sitting by the 
roadside at his usual occupation, beg- 
ging," said the Rev. F. C. Atwood, grand 
prelate of the Minnesota grand lodge of 
Knights of Pythias, himself blind for 
many years, at Hanover. Street Congre- 
gational church las^ night. 

"Begging alone was left for the blind, 
the lame, the palsied and the crippled of 
that day. There was no help for them 
in the religions of the time. Even the 
Jewish religion did not go far enough 
to care for the lame and the halt and 
the blind. 

"In Christianity alone is there healing, 
is there help. Christianity alone has 
made it possible for the blind to be edu- 

| Ciited, mentally and physically, so now 
I th' -y can make for themselves and their 
1<. ed ones an honorable living." 
in closing his sermon Mr. Atwood called 
. ntion to the fact that Bartimeus seized j 
only opportunity which presented it- 
self. Christ never passed that way again. 
Two days later he was hanging on the 
tree en Calvary. The lesson to be learned 
from the blind beggar of Jericho, the 
speaker said, was to use the faith within 
one and he at peace. 

Mr. Atwood is a remarkable speaker, 
never at fault for the word to convey 
the exact shade of meaning he intends, 
and few. seeing him in a pu'pit. would 
believe him totally blind. 



Monday, Jan. 30, 191.1. 


Margaret Shipley, blind girl who is praying for her power of 
vision arid who says i lin III [m ilin » < lm of the Gentiles. Her 
eight-day fast ends today. 

PITTSBURG, Jan. 30.— The eight- 
clay fast of Margaret Shipley, the Mc- 
Keesport blind girl, entered on la3t 
Sunday to give her the power of vision, 
ends today. The watchers who spent 
Sunday at the bed of the trance-like 
sleeper told visitors that her soul, 
which had left her body early in the 
morning and had been absent in 
heaven all day, returned to her body 
at night. Shortly afterward the girl 
raised her hands and said: "Jesus 
Christ was the Saviour of the Jews; 
I will be the Saviour of the Gentiles.'* 
It was the only time she spoke all 
Church-going citizens, scandalized by* 

the visiting thousands who tramped 
up the hill in the mud to view the 
sleeping girl, petitioned the McKees- 
port police to stop the exhibition, brr^ 
the police, after sending a physician 
to examine the" girl and finding she 
was in no danger of death from weak- 
ness, refused to interfere. 

Margaret has promised that, after 
ber soul takes its trip to heaven and 
returns to her body, she will wake 
with her sight this evening, although 
she was born blind. 

Twenty-five thousand people visited 
the Halderman home, where the girl Is 
staying. Many women walked three 
and four miles in the rain. 


MONDAY, JAN. 30, 1911. 


To Emerge from Her Trance Today 
and Expects to See. 

[Special Dispatch to the Boston Herald] 
PITTSBURG, Jan. 29 — Margaret 
Shipley, the McKeesport blind girl 
who is fasting for eight days, as she 
asserts, by heaven-sent command, in 
order to restore her sight, entered on 
her final night's fast tonight. The 
watchers at the bedside, who spent 
the day with her, told visitors this 
evening that her soul, which they said 
had left her body early this morning 
and had been absent in heaven all day, 
returned to her body tonight. Shortly 
afterward the girl raised her hands 
and said: 

"Jesus Christ was the savior of the 
Jews; I will be the savior of the Gen- 

Thousands tramped up the hill in 
the mud to view the fasting girl to- 
day, and this afternoon citizens peti- 
tioned the McKeesport police to stop 

the exhibition, but the police, after 
sending a physician to examine the 
girl and finding she was in no danger 
of death from weakness, refused to 
interfere. The authorities, however, 
forbade 12-year-old Edna Tauber, 
whom Margaret requested to remain 
at her bedside day and night until li?f 
fast was over, to continue, her watch 
longer and sent her home for the 
night. It was discovered that Edna 
had not tasted food for two days. 

Tomorrow is the final clay of Mar- 
garet's trance. She has promised that, 
after her soul takes its trip to heaven 
tomorrow and returns to her body, 
she will wake at 6 o'clock tomorrow 
evening and look out upon the world 
for the first time in her life, for she 
was born blind. 

Of the 12 persons whom slip has asked 
to be with her when her hour of sight 
comes tomorrow evening, eight promised 
to do so today. Four more are needed. 

Twenty-five thousand people visited 
the Halderman home, where the girl is 
staying, today. The street car service 
was insufficient, and many women 
walked three and four mile's in the 
pouring rain. 

Visitors were allow ed o march in 
single file past the d mom in 

which she lay. but none but the dis- 
ciples were admitted to the room. To- 
day a message was received from her 

mother, who is helpless with rheuma- 
tism at the home of a daughter in Fay- 
ette county, Pa., and cannot make the 
trip to McKeesport to be with her 

Tiie message said the mother believed 
implicitly in Margaret, and was con- 
vinced that she would receive her sight 
when she awakes tomorrow evening. 
The message was repeated to the girl, 
but she made no sign of recognition. 

The city physician who examined her 
said that, while she was undoubtedly 
suffering from some weakness as the re- 
sult of her seven days' fast, her heart 
action was normal, her flesh warm and 
moist and without fever, and her gen- 
eral condition that of peaceful sleep. 


TUESDAY, JAN.' 31, 1911. 


Margaret Shipley Says That 

She Expects to Recover 

Her Full Eyesight. 


rSpccial Dispatch to the Boston Herald.] 
PITTSBURG, Jan. 30— "I can see 
some, already, but I don't think that I 
have yet received the full gift of sight. 
Not enough at least to satisfy the scof- 
fers. Let us wait a bit." 

This was the remark made by Miss 
Margaret Shipley this evening at the ex- 
piration of the four days during which 
she has lam as one dead, and at almost 
the end of her eight-day fast. The young 
woman recovered from her last trance 
early this afternoon and seemed very 
weak evidently from her long fasting, 
but she insisted on talking with those 
who were admitted to see her. 

"I can see persons walking between 
myself and the light — something I have 
not been able to do'since childhood," 
said the young woman as she lay on 
her white couch. "I am sure that my 
sight will be restored fully and that I 
cannot already see better is due to my 
weakness from lack of food. I have 
been promised that my sight will be 
given me at the end of eight days' 
fast, providing I lay in a trance for 
the four days which are ending now. 
I have done as directed by the spirit 
and already my eyes are better — so 
much better that I can with safety 
say that I have been blessed with the 
return of my vision almost fully." 

Miss Shipley is said to have told the 
women of the household that if anything 
should go wrong with the recovering of 
her eyesight that it would be laid at the 
door of a traitress in her camp— one of 
her chosen apostles. No name has been 

Mrs. Halderman said this afternoon 
that it was the intention of the young 
woman if her eyesight is restored fully 
to start a new religious sect known as i 
the Holy Catholic Church. 

On awakening this morning Miss Ship- | 
ley is said to have told the women of 
the house that in the night the Lord 
told her that he should name the sect or 
church the Holy Catholic Church. 

IX • 

-VM?~ -^V 

<ic -v»<-.r»v» r*.r <-%'"»- 



; i 

Miss Shipley Comes Out of Eight Days' Trance, 
Must Fight Demon Till Tonight 

From left to right — Mrs Charles F. Haldeman, Blind Girl's Foster Mother, Edna Tauber, Her Friend, Miss 

Margaret Shipley. -* 

Claim of Religious Enthusiasts She Would Be Greater 
Than Joan of Arc— Crowds Disappointed. 

PITTSBURG, Jan 30— The miracle bo 
;onadently expected by the religiously 
ecstatic people at the bedside of Mar- 
jaret Shipley, the blind girl who has 
been for eight days in a trance, is still 

The girl has been lying in a narrow 
white cot in a bedchamber whose 
entire coloring is a spectral white, 
her attendants moving softly in 
white robes, the girl's own thin face 
and attenuated hands being nearly as 
white as the nunlike hood of muslin 
that she wears. HI 

Tonight at 6 o'clock, the prediction 
was, God would surely perform a mira- 
cle; that the young woman, who has 
been blind since bdrth, through all her 
23 years of life, would arise from the 
white cot with her sight completely re- 
stored. For eight days she has occupied 
the bed without the twitch of a muscle 
or the quiver of the hands clasped over 
her breast. 

In awed whispers the devoted at- 
tendants at her bedside would stop 
from their prayers to tell the inquirers 
that the soul of the girl was prostrate 
before the altar of heaven; that when 

tonight came a woman would suoceed 
to Immortal fame more wondrous than 
that of Joan of Arc, because her sight 
would be miraculously restored, and 
then with this miracle as the evidence 
of her divine inspiration and appoint- 
ment she would begin a great era of 
conversion to Christianity. 

In her trance she had whispered again 
ind again: "God sent Christ to save the 
Jews. God will restore my sight and 
send me to save the Gentiles." 

With this as the keynote of her men- 
al state of conviction, the Kirl has 
>erformed a psychical wonder. She 
ias held herself in a trance for eight 




I 1 

. She has 
asted all the time. As far as outside 
/atchers have been able to know, she 
as not even slipped past her lips a 

sip of water. The condition into which 
in her religious ecstasy she has 
thrown herself is compared with the 
feats of East Indian priests. 

But tonight when the hour predicted 
for the happening of the miracle had 
arriVed, with the chant of prayers of 
her bedside watchers arising to the 
tones of hysteria, the girl did not open 
seeing eyes upon the world. At the hour 
she did arise and move slowly several 
paces across the room and seat herself 
in an armchair. She accomplished this 
feat without the putting forth of her 

But it was not afterward claimed that 
she had been able to see. It was frankly 
admitted that she knew the room well 
and the location of articles of furniture, 
and had been able to move about with 
certainty between chairs and tables and 
the like. 

At 6 o'clock all save her immediate 
attendants were barred from the house. 
Reporters, who wished in case the girl 
claimed that her sight was restored 
to submit her to tests that would posi- 
tively deermine it, were scornfully told 
that their presence was not desired. 
Doctors who called were sternly told to 
go away. Newspapermen and physi- 
cians were told that if they so much as 
laid a finger on the girl God would 
strike them dead. 

All that came from the strange white 
room that has been a mecca for 30,000 
persons in the last eight days was that 
the Shipley girl had whispered that the 
miracle was delayed for another day; 
that she had suddenly been plunged into 
a battle, her soul against the strength 
of the devil, and that when she had con- 
quered the demon, as she knew she 
would, God then would restore her 
sight and send her forth on her mis- 
sion of drawing the whole world to 
Christianity. At dawn tomorrow, she 
said, she would surely see. 
The first thought regarding the affair 
had been that McKeesport has become 
the scene of merely another fake, 
promoted to work upon the suscepti- 
bilities of the religious and emotional. 

But at least this affair of the blind 
girl and her trance shows no effort to 
make pecuniary profit. No admission 
has been charged to see her and con- 
tributions voluntarily offered have been, 
turned aside. 

The girl is the adopted daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Charles P. Haldeman, the 
man a thrifty worker in the mill town, 
who has acquired a two-story frame 
dwelling of the usual type in such com- 
munities. Haldeman, his wife and the 
Shipley girl have been intensely reli- 
gious. Mrs Haldeman and Margaret 
Shipley have taken leading parts in at- 
tempting to get converts for a local 

The educational average of McKees- 
port is not high. Surrounding mill 
towns also have a population in which 
superstition has considerable sway. The 
strange case of the blind girl in a trance 
has been whispered in all directions and 
in trolley cars from many towns scared 
men, women and children have come to 
obtain a swift, furtive glance and as 
swiftly to move away. 

The whole room suggests a death 
chamber and so impressed were hun- 
dreds of the visitors that when the girl 
has slowly lifted the lids of her sight- 
less eyes there has been a stampede of 
spectators from the room, positively 
frightened in a superstitious panic. 

The McKeesport police don't know 
what to do. The fact that no admis- 
sion is charged and that the physicians 
who have investigated the case as best 
they could under the restrictions have 
said that there is no danger of the 
girl's dying, have tied their hands. One 
■of the police officials said: "If it is a 
fake, the trolley company is the only 
one that's making anything out of it. 


WEDNESDAY, FEB. 1, 1911. 



Chief of Pplice Forces Margaret 
Shipley to Eat Broth. 

rSljecial Dispatch to the Boston Herald. 1 
PITTSBURG, Jan. 31— MeKeesport's 
blind girl, Margaret Shipley, today com- 
pleted her eighth day of fasting, in the 
hope of the restoration of her sight by 
miracle, and remains sightless. Early 
this morning Mayor Arthur of McKees- 
port called at the Halderman home, 
where the blind girl is staying, and 
served notice on Mrs. Halderman that 
unless she forced the girl to tyke 
nourishment somebody would go to jail. 
"If this thing resulted fatally the city 
authorities would be blamed." said the 
mayor. The mayor left the chief of po- 
lice to see that his order was obeyed. 
Within half an hour Margaret was sip- 
ping a bowl of broth. 

"I do not have enough faith," Mar- 
garet told the mayor. "If I had had 
more faith. I would have had my 
sight by now. Lots of times in the 
last two days I have doubted, and I 
couldn't drive away the doubts. I am 
still trying to get more faith. I will 
keep on wearing this white robe, so 
as to be ready when the blessed mo- 
ment comes." 

The crowd that assembled at the 
house in the morning waited in vain 
for a message. No person was ad- 
mitted to the girl's room except the 
watchers and the city officials. The 
crowd about the house melted away 
after an hour or twp. 

C. F. Halderman, the head of the 
family, is preparing to move to Cali- 
fornia. He says lie will not stay in 
McKeesport and face his neighbors af- 
ter this thing is over. 

Margaret had toast and eggs tonight. 
The city physician, whom the mayor 
sent to the Halderman house. .*ays the 
gill's condition is becoming normal. 
He told her that she would be able to 
leave her bed in a couple of days. 

"Oh, no." said Margaret. "I will lie 
in my white robe, and will continue my 
meditation until heaven sends me my 

The notoriety that resulted from 
the girl's fast has brought a sudden 
increase in Margaret's mail. SevVral 
thousand letters have reached the Mc- 
Keesport postoffice in the last three 
days addressed to her. Mrs. Halder- 
man refused to make any of them 
public, but said most of them urged 
Margaret to have courage and as- 
sured her others were praying for her. 


Tuesday.. Jan, 31, 1911. 

No Money for De^n^ 
Blind-School In Manila 

Dfcpite the fact that it is a Govern- 
ment institution, the ™?* n "/™^- 

lishlk school for the deaf and blind In 
TvT»Vnfe. Philippine Islands, will not be 
benefited by any portlor , ol .the annua 
$10,000 appropriation made by Congress 
for the ma ntenance of such scnooi&. 
The Comptroller of the Treasury, in a 
decision handed down .today, declared 
that Philippine institutions are not in- 
cluded in the terms of • any appropria- 
tion unless specifically mentioned be- 
cause the islands are not really a pait 
of the United States. 

«T. PAUL.. MINN.. TVFBPATtrrl its -J 01 

T! '.irsday, Feb. 2 t 1SJ3» 



Senator Glotzbach Would Exempt 
Afflicted Peddlers. 

It isn't fair to transient merchants, 
peddlers and hawkers who are blind, 
to have to pay peddlers' license, ac- 
cording to Senator Glotzbach. Accord- 
ingly, he introduced a bill this morn- 
ing providing for the exemption from 
payment of such afflicted persons. 

Immediately following the introduc- 
tion of this measure, another came 
from Senator Handlan providing for 
an appropriation of $3,500 for Benjamin 
Schindler, who lost an eye while a state 
charge at the St. Cloud reformatory. 

The second bill, in order, ' was one 
providing for the appropriation of 
$3,925 from the state revenue fund, to 
reimburse peddlers, hawkers and 
transient merchants the money they 
have paid for state licenses. The su- 
preme court has held that the law 
providing for licensing peddlers was 
defective. If the bill introduced this 
morning passes both the House and, 
Senate, the money, so far as possible, 
will be returned. * 

\mUttMtmmitmt ^mfm^fmBitwi 


How to Cheer the Blind 

The Massachusetts Branch of the Shut- 
in Society will meet on Monday, Feb. 6. 
•it 2 30 P. M., at Park Street Church. Miss 
Eleanor F. Tracy will speak on "Ways to 
Cheer Blind Invalids." All interested are 


' Told of Work for Blind 

At a meeting of the Shut-in Society ye». 
terday afternoon in Park Street Church, 
Miss Eleanor F. Tracy spoke of what can 
be done for blind shut-ins, giving many 
incidents of her work among the blind in 
New York. She urged the study of one or 
more of the systems of writing for the 
sightless in order to carry on correspond- 
ence with them. 

jFranria 3). dHurUrr, 








.* HWvX?9Mt 



Blind Patient Who Has Fasted Eight Days Declares 
She Will Win Fight and Regain Sight Today. 

PITTSBURG, Jan. 31.— The miracle 
so confidently expected by the religious- 
ly ecstatic people at the bedside of 
Margaret Shipley, the blind girl, "who 
lias been for eight days in a trance, Is 
still delayed. The girl has been lying 
in a narrow white cot in a chamber 
where the entire coloring is a spectral 
white; her attendants moving softly in 
white robes, the girl's own thin face 
and attenuated hands being nearly as 
white as the nun-like hood of muslin 
that she wears. 

The prediction was that at 6 last 
night God would surely perform a 
miracle — that the young woman who 
had been blind since birth, through ail 
her 25 years of life, would arise from 
the white cot with her sight complete- 
ly restored. For eight days she has 
occupied the bed without the twitch 
of a muscle or the quiver of the hands 
clasped over her breast. 

In awed whispers the devoted at- 
tendants at her bedside would stop 
from their prayers to tell the inquirers 
that the soul of the girl was prostrate 
before the altar of heaven; that when 
lonight. came a woman would succeed 
to immortal fame more wondrous than 
that of Joan of Arc, because her sight 
would be miraculously restored, and 
then with this miracle as the evidence 
of her divine inspiration and appoint- 
ment she would begin a great era of 
conversion to Christianity. In her 
trance she had whispered again and 
again: "Cod sent Christ to save the 
Jew?. God will restore my sight and 
«ond me to save the Gentiles.' 

Fasted All the Time. 

With this as the keynote of her men- 
ial state of conviction, the girl has 
performed a physical wonder. She has 
held herself in a trance for eight days 
immobile, unfalteringly. She has fast- 
ed all the time. As far as outside 
watchers have been able to know, she 
has not even slipped past her lips a 
sip of water. The condition into which 
in her religious ecstasy she has thrown 
herself is compared with the feats of 
Kast Indian priests. 

But when the hour predicted for the 
happening of the miracle arrived, with 
the chant of prayer of her bedside 
watchers arising to the strident tones 
of hysteria, the girl did not open see- 
ing eyes upon the world. At the hour 
she did arise and move slowly several 

paces across the room and seat herself 
in an armchair. She accomplished the 
feat without the putting forth of her 
hands. It was frankly admitted that 
she knew the room well and the loca- 
tion of articles of furniture and had 
been able to move about with Certainty 
between chairs and tables and the 

At 6 o'clock everybody save her im- 
mediate attendants were barred from 
the house. Reporters who wished in 
case the girl claimed that her sig ; it 
was restored, to submit her to tests 
that would positively determine it. 
were scornfully told that their presence 
was not desired. Doctors who called 
were sternly told to go away. News- 
paper men and physicians were told 
that if they much as laid a finger on 
the girl, God would strike them dead. 

Miracle Postponed. 

A1J that came from the strange 
white room that has been a Mecca 
for 30,000 persons in the last eight 
days was that the Shipley girl had 
whispered that the miracle was de- 
layed for another day; that she had 
suddenly been plunged into a battle, 
her soul against the strength of the 
devil, and that when she had con- 
quered the demon, as she knew she 
would, God then would restore her 
sight and send her forth on her mis- 
sion of drawing the whole world to 
Christianity. Today, she said, she 
would surely see. 

The first thought regarding the af- 
fair lias been that McKeesport has be- 
come the scene of merely another fake. 
promoted to work upon the suscepti- 
bilities of the religious and emotional. 

But at least this affair of the blind 
girl and her trance shows no effort 
to make pecuniary profit. No admis- 
sion has been charged to see her, and 
contributions voluntarily offered have 
ben turned aside. 

The girl is the adopted daughter of 
Mr. aud Mrs. Charles P. Haldeman. 
the man a thrifty weaver in the mill 
town, who has acquired a two-story 
frame dwelling of the usual type in 
such communities. Haldeman, his 
wife and the Shipley girl have been 
intensely religious. Mrs. Haldeman 
and Margaret Shipley have taken lead- 
ing parts in attempting to get converts 
for a local mission. 

.dnssday, F*b, f, W3* 


Miracle of Restored Sight Does 

Not Come; Mayor Forces 

Her to Take Food. 

McKeesport, Pa., Jan. 31. — The city 
authorities to-day put an end To the 
pathetic eight-day fast o£ [Margaret 
Shipley, who has abstained from food 
and spent her time in prayer In the ex- 
pectation of a miracle to restore her 

Mayor H. F. Arthur went to the C. F. 
Halderman home this morning and or- 
dered Mrs. Halderman, the girl's friend, 
io compel Miss Shipley to take nour- 
ishment. If he was not obeyed, he 
said, uebody to jail. 

And he stationed a city physician in 
the house to see that the girl received 
ifood immediately. 

She did not protest. When a (bowl of 
broth was brought to her and the situ- 
ation explained she sipped it.' 

"I did not have enough faith," she 
Staid meekly, "U [ had had more faith, 
I should see now like other people. 
Several times, especially in the last 
two days, t have doubted, ana I could 
drive away the doubts. 1 am stall ask- 
ing for greater faith. 

Will Continue Her Prayers. 

•'I sihall go on wearing this white 
robe so that I may be ready wihe-n the 
ilblessed moment comes. r don't know 
I how long it will be, but I do know 
thai J shall see 'before I finish pray- 

She told the Mayor that she would 
not name the twelve disciples who were 
to assist her hi •evangelizing the world 
until the miracle of sight is granted to 

Aifter hunger 'had developed and she 
had had toast and eggs this evening, she 
was asked if she would not. try to get 
up to-morrow. 

"Oh., no," she answered. '•] will lie 
still here, m my white robe, and con- 
tinue my meditations. I will never walk I 
again until 1 o»n S< 

The firm expectation of the miracle 
with the coining of dawn to-day brought 
a greater crowd than ever to the door 
of the Halderman house. But when the 
authorities took charge tiie crowd began 
to melt away. By nighl, however, some 
had returned, and there were heard some 
jeert for the, girl and her friends. For 
the first time since Margaret began her 
af«t Mr. Halderman, who has no faith in 
the miracle, remained home from work. 

A Deluge of Letters. 

"I'm here to thrash any one who tries 
'to make trouble for the women folk," he 

Halderman is preparing 'to* remove to 
California. He has been the only frank 
sceptic of the household. He has gone 
to his work in -the mills every day, and 
retired to bed early each night, notwith- 
standing the crowds that surrounded the 
house. Halderman says 'that he will not 
stay in McKeesport and face his neigh- 
bors after this tiling is over. 

One result of the fast is the sudden in- 
crease in Mao-garet's imail. She had 
never received more than three or four 
letters in her life, hut several thousand 
have reached the McKeesport Postoffice 
in the last three days addressed to her, 
and have been delivered to the Haider- 
man home. Mrs. Halderman refused to 
maJte any of them public. She saye most 
of those sli-p lias read to Margaret are 
letters >, u t0 t^ ,blind 

girl, urging her to keep up her faith. 

\ s 


*. T. TIlfBfi (11T*J 



I-turday, Feb. it mL J£30i 

Kindness at the Theatre. 

'o theiEdii(i£0f ThF - Yr ' r York Times: 
I xvotld like**©, acknowledge an act or 
couitcsylast evening at. t!ie Globe Theatre. T 
attended the performance with my son, a young 
man ncar^ Ma fc|M» The usher on the left hand 
isle noticed my son could not see. and in a 
most gentlemanly manner took his arni and 
c-scorted him to his seat, helping him remove 
his coat, and put his hat in a the rack under 
his seat. Wo so to the theatre verv ofton 
but never before have we received such kind- 
n"«s and consideration. MOTHER. 

New York, Fvl). 2, 1011, 




Mrs Mary E. Chapin of Boston Tells 

a New Yorker She Has Made a 

Bliot LBoy JS ee. ^> 

NEW YORK, Feb 12— Mrs Mary E. 
Chapin, the attractive Boston club- 
woman, who lectured this afternoon at 
the Berkeley theatre to a brilliant au- 
dience upon "An Eager Health," an- 
nounced tonight that she had effected 
the healing of a blind youth, Albert 
Kane of Batavia, N Y, by the applica- 
tion of the New Thought. 

The youth was about to be removed 
to a state institution for the blind, when 
Mrs Chapin saw the case. She says 
that within three days the youth was 
able to give remarkable demonstrations 
of his rapid recovery. 

"He was taken to his home at Batavia 
on Saturday, so completely cured that 
wrote me a four-page letter of 
thanks," said Mrs Chapin tonight. "I 
never saw the boy until three days 
after my treatment by thinking had 
commenced, but am told that he was 
unable before to feed himself or to 
make his way without being led. 

"The cure was effected by applying 
the principles of constructive living for 
health, gladness and abundance. I have 
determined to give to the most deserv- 
ing cases every ounce of this unusual 
and wonderful power that I possess. 

•T believe I am living as Christ 
lived. I have absolute assurance in 
my powers. My teachings are rev- 
erent, full of courage and cheer. 

"Although I have always given my 
aid to public questions in the schools 
and clubs of Boston. I never intended 
to speak publicly in New York. But 
from the way the crowd was turned 
away from the Berkeley theatre today 
it appeals that I will have to seek 
larger quarters. 

•[ shall confine my work to New 
York. 1 have just effected the cure 
of one of your most noted clubmen, 
but as his family is very prominent he 
might object to the use of his name. 
Anyway, I shall consult him first." 


Blind Girl and Mother in Chelsea 
Room — Bread Winner Gone. 

A case of destitution was disclosed in 
Chelsea today investigation of 

th6 disappearance of Neil Mclsaac from 
his home. ">l Williams street, Wednes- 
day. The police found Mrs. Kate Mc- 
lsaac and her 5-year-old daughter, who 
i8 blind, living in one small room. Their 
ulothes were scant, and there was 
scarcely any coal or anything to eat in 
the house. 

Mclsaac left his family Wednesday 
morning to go to work, and has not 
been seen s-'t. ,••. His wife fears he 
may have been seized with desponden- 
cy. Steps will be taken to relieve the 


Saturday. February 11, 1911. 


Blind Man Leads in Tidying Streets 

NEW YORK.— Reuben S. Simons, 
supervisor of 150,000 children in 
the Juvenile league, is blind, but he is 
the most valuable man in the street 
cleaning department, and he is not 
unhappy over the loss of his sight be- 
cause he is too fond of work and too 
busy to be unhappy over anything. 

"I never think of my blindness," he 
says, "except when I hear someone 
speak of the poor blind man. That 
cuts like a knife. I do my work as 
well as though I had my eyes, maybe 
better. There are no distractions in 
this world within which I live. I only 
think of my work. What the eye does 
not see the heart does not grieve for." 

Thirteen years ago Reuben Simons' 
eyes began to pain him. For the past 
seven years he has been totally blind. 
And yet within that time he has or- 
ganized a movement among the school 
children of New York in which 150,- 
000 are now enlisted. T'ley pledge 
themselves to aid the street cleaning 
department in keeping the thorough- 
fares free of rubbish. Their duty is 
not merely the passive one of refrain- 
ing from throwing trash upon the 


They he'.p enforce the law. Errin? 
householders are warned by the volun- 
teer aids, and if that warning is nol 
obeyed there is prompt recourse to the 
law. The members of the 72 leagues 
in 72 school buildings of the city 
make regular reports to the street 
cleaning department. 

And this blind man was the pioneei 
in the work. He thought of it first, 
impelled by his longing for children 
and a certain instinct for sociability 
that has always been his. "I always 
liked a organize clubs when I was a 
boy," he said. "We organized for all 
sorts of purposes. I like excitement, 
brisk movement, happiness. I like to 
see things." 

The incongruity in that expression 
does not bother him. "I have culti- 
vated the inner eye," he said. "I have 
a power of imagination. I can see 
you and the people passing by jusl 
as I can see the children sitting be- 
fore me when I go into a schoolroom 
to organize a junior league. It never 
occurs to me to think that 1 an? 

Supervisor Simons is a strongly- 
built, upright man of fifty-one years 
of age. No one would imagine him 
blind by the appearance of his eyes 
or by his manner. With one hand 
caught in the elbow of an assistant 
Mr. D.ividson, he tramps through 
crowded streets as confidently as 
though he had* his sight. And he is 
invariably smiling and good-humored 


vnuwkVKjfo. wis., rcEws (trm 


Wednesday, Feb. 15, 1911. 

Thursday, Feb,, 23. '.Ell. 


A Boston club woman of high social 
standing is reported in Ntew Yornj as cur- 
i.g th ^ blind- b y the s1*up|^\piEcess of 
entrafllf^fer thougM5 %m wielr af- 
>ns and pitying thirn seriously for 
. . veral days. She tells of receiving a let- 
t r written by a boy who was blind four 
before the date of the epistle, and 
wtiora she had never seen, though his 
had told her how discouraged he 
waa over his blindness, and describes how 
the boy acted when his sight was restored 
through her process of pity. If that wo- 
man would only exercise her wonderful 
pity on the Americans who are trying to 
ruin the country through the killing of 
the systems of prosperity, she might 
drive away a great deal more blindness. 



/ ■~" - "" 

Viroqua Wis., Feb. 23.— The re- 

majkablej | cheerfulness of Daniel Bolen, 
WhVjaas just died at the age of 75 
yejfls, has been remarkable. For the 
pas!" twenty years he has been both 
hlina and an invalid, but during that 
entire time not a single day passed, 
hut what his voice was heard in song. 
So fond of music was he that during 
his three years in the civil war he al- 
ways carried and used a song book. 
During the war he marched a distance 
of 6.500 miles, and was given a con- 
gratulatory message by the famous 
Gen. Custer. 

11 £ 

Monday, Feb, 13, 1910. 


Boston Woman, New" Thought 
Priestess, in New York, Tells 
Story of Remarkable Cure. 


Plans Had Been Made to Teach 
Youth a Trade When She Be- 
gan to Exert Her Power. 

NEW YORK, Feb. 13— Mrs. Mary E. 
Chapin, the attractive, Boston club 
woman, who lectured yesterday after- 
noon at the Berkely Theatre to a fash- 
ionable audience upon "An Eager 
Health," announced last night that she 
had effected the healing of a blind 
youth, Albert Kane, of Batavia, N. Y., 
by the application of the new thought. 

The youth, who was receiving treat- 
ment in the Hospital for the Blind, was 
about to be removed to a state institu- 
tion for those afflicted with blindness 
when the attention of Mrs. Chapin was 
called to the case. She promised to 
with all her power In restoring the, sight 
of the boy. find claims that within three 
days the youth was able to give remark- 
able demonstrations of his rapid recov- 

"He was taken to his home at Ba- 
tavia on Saturday so completely cured 
that lie wrote me a four-page letter of 
thank?." said Mrs. Chapin last night. 
"I never saw the boy until three days 
after my treatment by thinking had 
commenced, but am told that he was 
unable before to feed himself or to 
make his way without being led. The 
cure was effected by applying the prin- 
ciples of constructive living for healtn, 
gladness and abundance. I have deter- 
mined to Rive to the most deserving 
eases every of this unusual and won- 
derful power that I possess. 

Has Absolute Assurance. 

"I believe I am living as Christ lived. 
t have absolute assurance in my powers. 
My teachings are reverent, full of cour- 
age and cheer." 

•Mow did you attempt the cure of this 
blind boy?" 

"A sister of the youth is a stenog- 
rapher and received dictation from me 
it a public school. She was so impressed 
with my forceful thoughts that she 
poured into my ears the sad story of 
this boy's life. He was to be sent away 
to be taught the trade of carving seats 
for chairs, as the only possible way he 
could earn a livelihood. 

"I promised I would start that very 
night to think about the healing of the 
afflicted child. She agreed to see her 
brother and tell him I was trying to 


Boston Woman, Who Claims to Have Effected Cure of Boy's Blindness 
Througi Application of New Thought Treatment, 

cure him. I felt for this boy and this, 
devoted sister from my very heart, and 
exerted all my power to bring a res- 
toration of sight. 

"I left New York and returned to Bos- 
ton. I got word that the sister had seen 
the boy; that lie was happy and believed 
he could see a difference between the 
darkness and the light, but that the 
plans to send him away had been madi^l 
s<nd he was to leave on Friday. I was 
due to return here Saturday, so I wired 
the girl to keep him by all means until 
I arrived. 

Detects Sister's Affliction. 
"They brought him to my hotel yes- 


. He came into a strange room 
with uis sister and actually ran across 
the room at sight of me to thank me 
with hands outstretched. Then he 
turned to his sister and astonished us 
both by the next remark, which was 
'Oh, Minnie, how long have you been 
wearing glasses?' She replied, 'Why, 
how do you know I am wearing 
glasses?' And he said, 'Why. i can see 
them, and you did not have to wear 
glasses when I lost my sight years 
ago.' Then the boy ran across the 
room and recognized a picture of an 
uncle he had been unable to see for 
years. He had .iust had lunch with 
his sister, and for the first time in 
years the boy was able to eat unas- 

"Although I have always given my 
afrd to public questions in the schools 
and clubs of Boston, I never intended; 
to speak publicly in New York. But 
from the way the crowd was turned 
away from the Berkeley Theatre to- 
day it appears that I will have to seek 
larger quarters for my regular Sun- 
day talks. I shall confine my work to 
New York. I have just effected the 
cure of one of your most noted club- 
men. But as his family is very promi- 
nent, he might object to the use of his 
name. Anyway, I . shall consult him 


*BW TOTltt. H t . feirimrcA* «tt» 

N"90day, Feb.J&Wfc'TJ. 

mnr tor*, tt r , amswtca* «♦«» 

woinfliy, £*> HkHKIi 7 >.A 


Cumberland, Md.. Feb. 12.— A strange 
of hysterical coma, which it is 

ired will result in death, is attracting 
the attention of the mfedical profession 
here. Sv 

The victim is Daisy Ledane, a blind 
girl of twenty-eight years, who acciden- 
tally fell down a flight of stairs at the 
home of her sister, Mrs. E. M. Heber, 
February 1, and has* since been uncon- 

kShe had been in the habit of going out 
safety, but this time made a misstep, 
hile unconscious she is subject to sug- 
gestion, but along the wrong lines. 

In examining a bruised spot on her 
arm, Dr. J. L. Slmonton, the family phys- 
ician, mentioned the fact that there was 
a slight injury to that member. It im- 
mediately became bent and rigid, and all 
efforts at suggestion that the arm is all 
right have failed to improve it. 

Uses Rigid Member. 

Tonic and liquid nourishment is given 
regularly, in the hope of building her up. 
If any liquid is left on her mouth she 
reaches up the hand not affected and 
brushes it away. Any effort to tickle 
her nose or pinch her face brings the 

same- response from the hand and arm 
not affected. 

To see to what extent the other arm is 
affected, Dr. Slmonton held the good 
arm, rubbed her nose and cheek, and she 
immediately made use of the affected 
hand and arm to brush his hand aside, 
but when through using it the arm 
again became- rigid. 

While her mind apparently readily ab- 
sorbs anything that might retard her 
restoration to health. It does not seem to 
be in the least affected by the suggestion 
of returning consciousness. The impres- 
sion that an operation was being per- 
formed to restore consciousness brings 
the response as' if she feels pain, though 
in no manner is pain inflicted. 

apparently Has Some Sight. 

She lost her sight when ten years of 
age through a fall. Her eyes have the 
normal look, and since her fall there is 
apparently some sight restored to them. 

When her eyelids were raised by the 
physician it was noticed that the ball 
•would dilate and contract when light was 
placed near or taken from her face. The 
change being most marked. 

Mis* Lredane is a fast and competent 
typewriter, having learned by the touch 
system. She had been a frequent con- 
tributor to the Jocal newspapers, her ar- 
ticles always being neatly typewritten. 

Clubwoman Announces She 

Has Restored Boy's Sight 

in Three Days, 


Declares She Has Exercised 

Her Powers Successfully in 

Case of Clubman, 

Mrs. Mary E. Chapin, the attractive 
Boston club woman, who lectured yes- 
terday afternoon at the Berkely Thea- 
tre to a fashionable audience upon 
"An Eager Health," announced last 
night that she had effected the healing 
of a blind youth, Albert Kane, of Ba- 
tavia, N. Y., by the application of the 
New Thought. 

The youth, who was receiving treat- 
ment in the Hospital for the Blind, was 
about to be removed to a State Institu- 
tion for those afflicted with blindness, 
when the attention of Mrs. Chapin was 
called to the case. She promised to aid 
with all her power in restoring the 
sight of the boy, and claims that 
within three days the youth was able 
to give remarkable demonstrations of 
his rapid recovery. 

"He was taken to his home at Ba- 
tavia on Saturday so completely cured 
that he wrote me a four-page letter of 
thanks," said Mrs. Chapin last night at 
the Stratford House, No. 11 East 
Thirty-second street. "I never saw the 
boy until three days after my treat- 
ment by thinking had commenced, but 
am told that he was unable before to 
feed himself or to make his way with- 
out being led. The cure was effected 
by applying the principles of construc- 
tive living for health, gladness and 

abundance. I have determined to give 
to the most deserv'ng cases every ounce 
of this unusual and wonderful power 
that I possess. 

Has Absolute Assurance. 

"I believe I am living as Christ lived. 

my powers. 
My teachings i>re reverent, full of cour- 
age and cheer." 

"How did you attempt the cure of this 
blind boy?" 

"A sister of the youth Is a stenog- 
rapher and received dictation from me 
at a public school. She was 60 impressed 
with my forceful thoughts that she 
poured into my ears the sad story of this 
boy's life. He was to be sent away to 
be taught the trade of carving seats for 
chairs, as the only possible way he could 
earn a livelihood. 

"I promised I would start that very 
night to think about the healing of thej 
afflicted child. She agreed to see her 
brother and tell him I was trying to cure| 

him. I felt for this boy and this devoted 
sister from my very heart, and exerted 
all my power to bring a restoration of 

"I left New York and returned to Bos- 
ton. I got word that the sister had seen 
the boy; that he was happy and believed 
he could see a difference between the 
darkness and the light, but that the plans 
to send him away had been made and he 
was to leave on Friday. I was due to 
return here Saturday, so I wired her to 
keep him by all means until I arrived. 

Detects Sister's Affliction. 

"They brought him to my hotel yes- 
terday. He came into a strange room 
with his sister, and actually ran across 
the room at sight of me to thank me, 
with hands outstretched. Then he 
turned to his sister and astonished us 
both by the next remark, which was, 
'Oh, Minnie, how long have you been 
wearing glasses?' She replied, 'Why 
how do you know I am wearing glasses 71 
And he said, 'Why, I can see them, and 1 
you did not have to wear glasses when 
I lost my sight years ago.' Then the 
boy ran across the room and recognized 
a picture of an uncle he had been unable 
to see for years. He had just had lunch 
with his sister, and for the first time 
in years the boy was able to eat un- 

"Although I have always given my aid 
to public questions in the schools and 
clubs of Boston, I never intended ta 
speak publicly in New York. But from 
the way the crowd was turned away 
from the Berkeley Theatre to-day it ap- 
pears that I will have to seek larger 
quarters for my regular Sunday talks, 
I shall confine my work to New York; 
I have just effected the cure of one ot 
your most noted clubmen. But as his 
family is very prominent, he might ob-, 
ject to the use of his" name. Anyway, 
I shall consult him first." 

ght ob-, 





M rs ""Wfifir^^ Hunt of Orange is 
Cheerful and Busy in 
Age and Infirmities. 

Mrs Eliza Parker Hunt of 
who Is totally blind and quite deaf, 
reached the 8Sth anniversary of her 
birtii a short time ago and her relatives 
and friends assisted her in informally 
observing the anniversary. 

Her life, without her sight and with 
only partial hearing, is so useful, cheer- 
ful and happv, that it is a lesson for 
all, especially for those who are discon- 
tented while many blessings. 

Mrs Hunt long ago learned that work, 
supplemented by methodical habits, 
looking on the bright side of life and 
avoiding worrying, brings that content- 
ed mind which is a continual feast. 

Mrs Hunt was born in Holden, Mass, 
Jan 31; 1823. At the death of her par- 
ents, she went to Manchester, Conn, to 
live with her brothers. There she mar- 
ried Thomas F. Slate, who died at the 
age of 32 years, leaving an only child, 
a boy of less than 3 years for her to 


support, and with only very limited 
means. She found employment in the 
then little mill of Cheney Bros, silk 
manufacturers, winding raw silk. 

When her son enlisted in the army in 
1S>61 she went to Orange to care for her 
sister, the first wife of the late Rodney 
Hunt, an Orange manufacturer, who 
was an invalid for many years. After 
the death of her sister, Mrs Parker con- 
tinued to Jive in the Hunt home and 
married Mr Hunt in March, lbb/. in the 
50 vcars Mrs Hunt has lived in Orange 
she has been attended by a physician 
only once. 

W'hVi her sight failed some years 
-ago she accepted the fact with the same 
resignation and aheerf ulness which she 
has shown through life. She is methodi- 
cal in her habits and work. She gpfs to 
her bed every evening at 8 o clock and 
rises erly every morning. 

After her dinner at noon she sleeps 
for about two hocrs, thus sleeping 
aJbout 14 out of the 24 hours each day. 
She requires no assistance in dressing 
or undressing or when bathing. b.he be- 
came thoroughly familiar with the house 
before she "lost her sight and goes to 
every room -with ease and assurance. 
She has an excellent appetite, but eats 
meats only, once a day. She directs her 
housekeeper as to household worK. Mrs 
Hunt does most of the mending ot the 
household, much sewing and embroiders 
with skill and taste. She has to be told 
the colors of the embroidery cotton or 
silk, but aside from this has no assist- 
ance. ,. , 
1 She is a pleasing conversationalist and 
a capital story-teller. She has a re- 
markable memory. She has the daily 
papers read to her and keeps closely in 
touch with current events. She says 
that this keeps her young. 

She enjoys the society of young y\eo- 
ple and they find pleasure and instruc- 
tion in chatting with her. Mrs Hunt is 
a member of the Congregational church 
in Orange and for years was a teacher 
in the Sunday ychool. She has the best 
of health. Her son, Capt A. F. folate, 
r^ydes with her. 

Thursday, Feb. 23, 1911. 



Anson F. Bicknell Dies on 

Way Home From a 

Family Reunion. 

On his way home from Boston, where 
he had attended the Bicknell family 
reunion at the Hotel Essex, Anson F. 
Bicknell, known along the South Shore 
as the "blind vocalist," dropped dead 
last night in the Hingham railroad i 

The end came without warning, as Mr. 
Bicknell, accompanied by his wife and 
two daughters, was crossing the sta- 
tion platform. The song the "blind 
vocalist" had sung but a few hours be- 
fore at the gathering of the Bicknells 
from all parts of New England was ms 

Few men were better known along 
the South Shore than Mr. Bicknell. He 
was a veteran of the Civil War and 
his blindness was brought on by a sun- 
stroke while serving in the Union army.. 
After peace was declared he settled 
; in Hingham and for a few years con- 
ducted a bakery. He was obliged to 
| retire because of his affliction. 

It was then he became the "blind 
I vocalist." He began to sing at local 
affairs and his fame, spreading, se- 
cured him engagements elsewhere. 

He was a descendant of Zachary and 
Agnes Bicknell, who, with their son 
John and man servant Kitchin, left 
their ancestral home near Taunton, 
Somershire county, England in 1635, and 
settled in Weymouth. 

Ever since the organization of the 
family association, he had been a 
familiar figure at the reunions, never 
missing what was to him, an event. 

K. *. man swk fp&r»», Feb. », «S1«. 

Trie Daughters Of Wisdom, who are 
in charge of the Home for Crippled and 
Blin d Children at Port Jefferson, I,. I., 
WW^B^jijrv successful collection last Sun- 
day atsr. Paul's Church. To-morrow 
they will be at the door of St. Stephen's, 
Summit and Hicks streets, and also a: 
St. Bernard's, on Hicks street, and it is 
expected that the parishioners o£ both 
churches will come prepa 
most liberally to the su 
considered one of the mo 
deserving charities of the diocese. The 
good sisters have promised their prayers 
and those of the little ones under their 
charge for those who help them to carry 
on their great work, which, it is need- 
less to say. requires unlimited p atienc e as 
well as physical and mental 

shioners of both 
ared to contribute! 
ipport of what is! 
ost necessary and' 


Thursday, Feb. 23, 1911. 


— yo/ 

On his way home from Boston, where 
he had attended the Bicknell family re- 
union at the Hotel Essex, Anson F. Bick- 
nell, known along the South Shore as the 
'■Mi nd .».nc nn<t " dropped dead in the 
u'nam r:\llroad station. The end came 
as Mr. Bicknell, accomp.inic 1 by his wife 
and two daughters, was crossing the sta- 
tion platform. 

Few men were better known along the 
South Shore. He was a veteran of the 
Civil War and hU blindness was brought 
on by a sunstroke while serving in the 
Union army. After peace was declared 
he settled in Hingham and for a few 
rears conducted a bakery. He w:js 
obliged to retire because of his affliction. 


.TW. N T. WW-BfW- 

•turday, Feb. 21, 

Mrsphwiry Schiiemann has given her 
eoimtft- home with its grounds as a school 
and home for blind children, most of whom 
she fcuncyjjguyyyj^the streets of Athens 
and other parts of Greece. Mrs. Schiie- 
mann established the first blind asylum 
in Greece, after which she founded the 
first sanitarium for tuberculosis patients 
in her country. Mrs. Schiiemann is a 
daughter of Mrs. Catherine Lascaridon, 
who fought for years by lecturing and in 
her writings to have the Froebel system 
established in the public schools of Greece. 
She started a kindergarten in the Piraeus 
and a seminary for kindergartners in 
Athens. In this seminary, which is a 
palatial building in one of the best locali- 
ties in Athens, young girls from Greece, I 
or any part of the Orient whore Greek is! 
spoken, can receive training as a kinder- 1 
gartner. j 


SUNDAY, FEB. 26, 1911. 

Dr. Mary West Niles is at the head of 
the Ming S&m school for blind girls that 
has just moved into a new building at 
Canton, China. Dr. Niles opened a 
school for four hlind girls in 1890 in a 
small room in her own house. Of the 
large audience present at the opening 
exercises 50 were blind, most of them 
the graduates and students of the school. 
Faan Sam Koo, a tall blind girl of "7, 
presided at the organ, and two gradu- 
ates, Kam Oi Koo and Tso A Sai, deliv- 
ered addresses. 


rr. PAUT.. Minn.. mKTxrtm cm«»i 

Friday, Mar. 9. M1J. 



Refused Admittance to Canada, Illi- 
nois Maai and Children Reach 
St. Paul. 


Turned Back at Portal Because He 

Had No Visible Means of 


Blind and ^%^ e ^ TsoX anl 
for, AlfredGraves Tennessee x ^ 

T y - eaTS °Deoot un ar anSments can 
%?%£*& the's- railroad to take 

Graves says ^Js ^veteran of the 
Civil war, and ^ *? }™} <T™lgo 

ye.terday the Canadian authorities re 
fi-sed to admit him to vanaoa. 

Graves believes they -™J??' e J him 
because he refused « .take th^oatto. 
allogainec to the Biiu«« the 

!eo'u,jrf 5 V.?h1s%?|s S , J- »as 

g^^SST sVpTrt-h^'whll'e he 

was in Canada. 

Is Given Assistance. 

RoSf tfcTety to care for the case 
535? the rSund on Graves railway 

tions for the whole party at the. Bethel 
hotel last night. 


Appointed to Board of Education of 
Middletown, N. Y. . 

MIDDLETOWN, N. Y., March 10— 
Archibald J. Holmes, one of the most 
remarkable blind men in the country, 
was yesterday appointed a member of 
the board of education of Middletown 
by Mayor It. M. Cox. Mr. Holmes is 
totally blind, and has been since he 
was 5 years old. Nevertheless he is 
one of the best educated men in the 
city and one of the most energetic 
business men in this part of the state. 
He is president of the Holmes Music 
Company, a corporation having stores 
in various parts of the state. He is 
also an expert piano teacher and op- 
erates a typewriter when necessary. 
He takes frequent trips to New York 
alone, and travels all over the city on 
business and has never met with an 
accident. ! 

ii iMf^«» 

Saturday! Mar**fi 4, T«TL 





♦♦- ■ 

Unusual Entertainment Delights 

Their Friends and Charitable 

Residents of the Bronx. 




Mrs. Poulson Sings Classical 

Songs to Accompaniment 

by "Blind Max." 

A most unique entertainment given for 
the benefit of the blind, by bib .ta.j 

and enjoyed by many sightless persons, 
who composed the greater part of the 
audience was held recently at Mutter's 
Bronx Casino. The auditorium was well 
filled with business men and women who 
are prominent charitable workers when 
the curtain arose on the opening number. 
The entertainment was under the direc- 
tion of Mr. A. M. Thompson, a blind lec- 
turer, who has done much to relieve the 
condition of his sightless associates since 
1904 when he was stricken with the afflic- 
tion. He introduced of blindness. The 
speaker has held similar affairs in a dozen 
states and is the author of several books 
dealing with the subject. 

Mr. Clement E. Coffin, who has been 
without sight since- Infancy, rendered sev- 
eral operatic selections on musical instru- 
ments of his own manufacturer and sang 
a few old-time songs. He received rounds 
of applause and responded to many en- 
cores Vs an elocutionist and ventnio- 
qui = t Mr. Rudolph Hutchinson showed 
much talent. Professor Schroeder played 
selections on the piano. Mrs. Paulsen, a 
blind vocalist, gave several classical se- 
lections that were well received. 

The music for the classical rendition was 
furnished by "Blind Max," a newspaper 
vender known throughout the Bronx, on 
a single string instrument of his own 


Wednesday, Mar. 15, 1911, 

1444. Peoples National Bank of noston v, tM 
New England Home for ^J"**L n oto 
Blind, and Infirm. Suit upon a pron S ; > 
for .12000, which the j ftaree P™™« ed > ^ tUat 
present 1 ftflfl tryaSTSrer upon «>"^ ler ^ io the de . 
he would furnish as a P;™°nal 1°*%^, whl ch 
fendant, and pay on its *fft- trie ^ tl) make 
he represented to be the , balanc ncede d t ^ 

vp a purchase price of WaOO for * ™ f a 

their agent, was negot »*"£* * h «J££ n a verdict 
now home. Below Judge Dana v™"™? 
for the defendant and u fV Friedman and 
Plaintiff reported the case. L. M. Frieamn. 
R Dow; F. G. Cook. 

isday, Mar. ", 19.11* 


One hundred and thirty-five bli' 
men swung brooms on each Otuc^ 
heads this morning in a riot on the 
third floor of the Pennsylvania Work- 
ing Home for Blind Men, at Thirty- 
sixth street *9iTi! fc *(««^ajster avenue. 
Two men were knockedurrconscious 
and were taken to the University 

Ten policemen, under command of 
Street Sergeant Van Home, of the 
Thirty-ninth street and Lancaster 
avenue station house, were summon- 
ed by a telephone call from the sup- 
erintendent of the home, C. Atkinson. 

They heard the noise of the conflict 
and the shrieks of the blind men be- 
fore the patrol wagon reached the 

In the broom department on the 
third floor the policemen found the 
crowd of stumbling men swinging the 
broom handles and clutching each 
other. Many had fallen to the floor, 
and the crowd raged aver them. 

Despite their blindness, the inmates 
were able to. hurt each other sever- 

Two men were unconscious on the 
floor when the police succeeded .n 
disarming the others. Other Inmates 
bore the marks of the broom handles 
and the fists of their companions. 

When Sergeant Van Home asked 
fo,- an explanation it was given to him 
by every one able to talk. 

After the tumult had died away, he 
was told that at 8.45 this morning, two 
biina men, who had been close friends 
fo»* several years and who made 
brooms together at the same bench, 
hal disagreed about the division of 
work "and that one had struck the 
other with a broom handle, knocking 
him down. The high voices of the 
quarrelling men had distracted the at- 
tention of the others from the work, 
and when the flght started they all 
jumped in. 

Superintendent Atkinson heard the 
cries, realized that a serious riot was 
in progress and telephoned to the po- 
lice The ,man who received the call 
thought at first that the alarm was 
a Joke, but Atkinson quickly convinc- 
ed him that the riot was a serio"- 


Archibald J. Holmes, one of the 
most remarkable blind men in the 
country, was yesterday appointed a 
member of the Board of Education of 
Middletown by Mayor R. M. Cox. Mr. 
Holmes is totally blind and has been 
since he was five years old. Never- 
theless he is one of the best educated 
men in the city and one of the most 
energetic business men in this part of 
the State. He is president of the 
Hclmes Music Company, a corporation 
having stores in various parts of the 
State. He is also an expert piano 
teacher and operates a typewriter 
when necessary. He takes frequent 
trips to New York alone and travels 
all over the city on business and has. 
never met with an accident. 



MARCH 15, 1911. 



Hour After Death of His 

Third Wife Asks Police 

to Aid in Quest. 


One hour- after his third wife, Sarah 
Woodman Thompson, had died suddenly 
of heart disease in their room on th,e 
third floor of 125 Main street, Charles- 
town, last night, George Thompson, the 
blind banjo player well known in the 
streets of Boston, requested the news- 
paper men and the police, through Pa- 
trolman John Walsh of the City Square 
station, to get him a wife, as he would 
be unable to live without a helpmate. 

"I want a woman that is honest, kind 
and lovable, and I will be very grate- 
ful to you fellows if you will assist 
me in locating a woman of .this sort," 
said the blind musician. "I want her to 
assist me in making my living playing 
the banjo on the streets." 

Mrs. Thompson, who was 43 years of 
age, was preparing to go out with her 
husband to sell books and collect pen- 
nies while he played the banjo when 
| 6he was taken ill and died within a 
1 few minutes. 

Thompson told the newspaper men 
1 and Officer Walsh in the room where 
[his wife lay dead he was penniless and 
I that unless his sister, who resides in 
I another part of the State, came to his 
assistance today the city would have 
] to bury his wife. He said he was a 
member of Camps 96 and 106 of Sons 
of Veterans. "One of these camps has 
helped me once," he added, "while the 
other societies and churches ha\ r e re- 
fused me aid and wanted to put me 
awav in a home. 

"When mv wife was sick I wanted 
help from the societies, but they refused 
T was forced to go upon the streets 
alon< :md earn my bread by playing. 

The couple were married in Plymouth 
and have lived in Charlestown for the 
past five months. 

nnsTHN nurAss.r motcn post. 

Sunday, Mar. 19, 1911. 

Daniel C Fisher of Dorchester and 
Barriers' hall, the only blind inventor 
of textile machinery in the ;Wi&-i|f 
artantine a new invention to tne conai- 
ttonW the British ™iU,% whereby ^ 
believes he fs going to ue «ie Tneann ot 
soon revolutionizing the textile inaus, 
tries of all England. _ „.— 

D. C. fisher of This City Has 

Perfected a Mechanical 
! Card Feeder. 


That there is no necessity for a blind 
man to be helpless and a burden to the 
community, is the contention of D, C. 
Fisher of this city, who himself has been 
totally blind for the last nine years, and 
yet, in spite of his bUndness, has in- 
vented and perfected one of the most 
complicated pieces of machinery known 
tc the textile industry. It has been Mr. 
Fisher's experience that nature, in tak- 
ing away a man's sight greatly sharpens 
his other senses. Guided only by his 
sense of hearing and touch he is able 
to fit together and adjust the most in- 
tricate machines. 

After giving up all hope of recovering 
his sight a few years ago Mr. Fisher 
turned his attention toward improving 
certain machines used in the woollen in- 
dustry. He felt that there was a great 
demand for a mechanical card feeder to 
take the place of the hand feeders then 
in use. Accordingly, after giving the 
matter considerable thought he arrived 
at a plan which he thought would prove 
Isatisfactory. He called a pattern maker 
to him, and without putting a pencil to 
paper, he described minutely to him the 
different parts of the machine that he 
w anted constructed. With no guide he 
gave the exact measurements to the 
smallest fraction of an inch of even 
every gear wheel. By taking notes on 
his description, the pattern maker was 
able to construct the parts as Mr 
Fisher wished them. 

Machine Proves Success. 
When the various parts had been made 
they were brought to him and he put 
the machine together. There was no fit- 
ting nor filing necessary. Everv nart 
fitted perfectly on the first atSX 

f„i a e a tm ? Chl £ e u Proved fully as success- 
i hLtl ^ r ' J lsher hoped " wo "'<i. Al- 

he has finished his work upon it the 
largest woollen mill in the world has or. I 
1 dered 100 of the machines and finds them 


■ Mr. Fisher's life has been an eventful 
one. In bis early days it was one con- 
tinual Struggle for existence with him. 
He began work when 7 years old, cut- 
ting the strings from the fleeces of wool 
in his native town, Hinsdale, N. H.. for 
50 cents a week. When 8 years old he 
went into the factory in that town and 
uZ h i s who,e boyhood in learning the 
different steps in making woollen cloth. 
At about the end of tae civil war he 
turned his attention toward mechanical 
work and was for many years connected 
with men who were working for me- 
chanical Improvement in machines used 
JH the textile industry. 

After he had succeeded in earning a 
comfortable living, Mr. Fisher turned 
nis attention to improving his mind. 

rJT* years f nd years he was a Prodigious 
read £ r ' and » Is to this fact as much as 
anything that he ascribes his loss of 

sight. When still a young man living in 
New Hampshire, he was allowed by ex- 
Gov. Hale of that state, who wished to 
encourage him in his quest for learning, 
to use his private library two nights a 
week, from 7 o'clock until 9. 

For a great many years, up to the time 
he became blind, Mr. Fisher experimented 
and demonstrated in various kinds of 
textile machinery. Then just as he was 
about to see his years of study and 
work in this field bear fruit, his sight 
was taken away from him. In spite of 
his natural limitations, he determined to 
carry out the projects which had for so 
many years been in his mind. In spite 
of his blindness, he was able to perfect 
one of the most complicated textile ma- 
chines as yet in existence. He is able 
to go into a mill where one of his ma- 
chines is to be set up and do all the 
work of regulating it by his marvelous 
sense of touch. His sense of hearing is 
so acute that he can tell how many 
revolutions per minute the machine is 

Believes All May Be Helped. 

Mr. Fisher does not think that for a 
blind man to do these things is at all 
remarkable. He believes that the suc- 
cess that he has had may be duplicated 
in other fields by other men who have 
lost their sight. He believes that the 
additional facility given to the other 
senses by the taking away of the 6ight 
enables blind men to do many things 
requiring an extremely delicate sense 
of hearing or touch which a man with 
his sight would not be able to do. If 
blind men would only get the idea out 
of their heads that they are useless 
and would try to do something, they 
would soon find that they could be as 
independent as anybody else. 

Mr. Fisher is 63 years old, but is as 
vigorous physically and mentally as he 
ever was. Not content to rest on his 
laurels, he is working to adapt his card 
feeding- machine to the handling of cot- 
ton and other fibres, as well as wool. 
If determination and perseverance count 
for anything he ought to be successful. 


Wednesday, Mar. 15, 1911, 


'Wife of Blind Musician Palls When 

About to Go , , Q#t. , j«n Singing Trip 

I to Earn Living \v*F| 

Sarah Woodman Thompson^ wife of 
George W. Thompson, a blind musi- 

| cian, who accompanied her husband 
about the streets of Boston more than 
a year and sold song books while her 
husband played the banjo and sang, 

. fell in her room at 125 Main st. Charles- 
town, last night and died almost in- 

She was about to accompany her hus- 
band on a singing trip. 

Dr Louis- R. McDonald was called, 
but he found Mrs Thompson dead. He 
said death was probably due to heart 

Mrs Thompson was born in Sears- 
port, Me, 43 years ago. Her family 
name was Deveraux. Her first hus- 
lioiid was named Woodman. She mar- 
ried George W. Thompson about a year 

Mr Thompson said last ni S ; 
wife 3 sister, Elizabeth O'Brien, lived 
in Comoro, Mass, and she also leaves 
a, ir Un £l 0, James- Etwood of Cambridge. 

Mr Thompson further said: "I am 
penniless. I am a member of Sons of 
veterans camp lOii. They have helped 
me lint I want to earn my own living 
ana noo I some one to go around with 


r riday, Mar. 24» 1911-. 

W Ik IT 

Blind Man's Invention May 
~~~ Revolutionize Cloth Prices 

Daniel C. Fisher of Dorchester 
and Barristers' Hall, the only blind , 
inventor of textile machinery in the 
world, is adapting a new invention 
to the conditions of the British 
mills, whereby he believes he is 
going to be the means of soon revo- 
lutionizing the textile indus tr i es^ of 
all England — — ■•* 

When Mr. Fisher's attention was turned' 
to the Invention' of the most Intricate 
textile machinery after his loss of sight 
tine years ago. he perfected a device en- 

lrely new and novel, which he says now 

nakes possible the production of cheaper 


Spent Thousands in Vain Quest 

"When I became blind in June, 1902, it 
seemed to me that my usefulness in the 

any machine of its kind in the world, is 
designed especially for the treatment of 
worsted fibres, saves noil by a large per- 
centage and makes the least possible 

"One of the features of the machine 
is a spike apron which runs exactly 
perpendicular, doing away entirely with 
the V-shape in old feeders of this type 
which induced rolling of the stock." 

The details of Mr. Fisher's most in- 
volved invention are highly technical, 
and it is for that reason said to be the 
more remarkable that a blind man, him- 
self unable to see the thousands of 
necessary features, except in his mind's 
eye, should have succeeded in inventing 
and assembling them all. 

"My American type of machine has 
been successfully installed in some of 
the largest mills in New England," ex- 
plains Mr. Fisher, "but I am now work- 
ing on the few changes which I believe 
to be necessary to allow of its intro- 
duction into England, where it can hard- 
ly fail to revolutionize existing textile 

'I predict a universal use of this ma- 

Mr. Fisher, always immaculately at- 
tired, looks . hardly more than two-thirds 
of his three score years and four. A 
high forehead and a square bulldog chin 
tell of a fighting makeup which battles 
intelligently even with fate and never 
gives in. He is of sturdy Eevolutionary 

"I do my own demonstrating," con- 
tinued the blind inventor. "All they 
have to do Is to lead me up to the ma- 
chine and then I demonstrate it. I am 
surprised at my own extreme sensitive- 
ness of touch. It seems to me quite 
miraculous. If anything is the matter 
with one of my machines, they send 
for me. I feel the machine over with 
my fingers and can always determine 
Just what is the matter and also remedy 
the trouble." 

world had come to an end," said Mr. 
Fisher "I spent thousands of dollars 
ad exerted all my ingenuity In efforts 
to cure myself. I invented an eye and 
sar massage device and an electric bath 
which were pronounced by experts to be 
the best they had ever seen. They did 
not help my' eyes. 

"I became convinced that I was in- 
curable and that I would never see again. 
On arriving at this decision I returned 
to my home at 10 Thane street, Dor- 
chester, and soon had the details of a 
new invention in mind. 

"In 1907 I was able to dictate my first 
patent to my wife. The papers went on 
to Washington and the patent was grant- 
ed with only a few minor changes. I 
have always dictated the wording of my 
own patents and neither at home nor 
abroad hive I ever been refused a patent 
for which I bad applied nor have I ever 
Lad any contests over one of my patents 
"My 'invention in its American form is 
krJown as the Fisher standard weigh- 




Friday, Mar. 31. 


Katie Atwood of Denver. First 
Person Afflicted to Be Th\JS 

DENVER, March 31— The first blind 
officer of a juvenile court in America 
Is a Denver girl. 

Miss Kate Atwood held her com- 
mission before her sightless eyes for 
a full minute the other day, fancy- 
ing she could read its every line, 
and then she tucked it away with a 
few other precious, possessions and 
started to work. 

Katie Atwood doesn't waste time. 
She is a bundle of energy and pluck 
and sunshine, this little blind girl. 
The sunlight that is denied her vision 
is locked up in her soul, and it beams 
from the eyes that do not see, and 
plays about the mouth that is deli- 
cately sweet. 

Katie Atwood has been in Denver 
six years. She came here from Chi- 
cago. It was there that she was bom 
! years ago, and it was there that 
she was. stricken with blindness, when 
she was S years old. 

It is a pathetic story, this one that 
Katie Atwood tells about the day she 
sat in the school room poring over 
her books when she was suddenly de- 
prived of sight by a paralytic stroke. 
"And I had such pretty eyes," says 
Miss Atwood, with a foolishly feminine 
droop of the mouth, as if that were all 
that she regretted about the loss of her 

"They were large and blue and so 

She really need not say "were,"' for 
Miss Atwood's eyes are still pretty, and 
quite large and blue. One would not 
guess that she is blind. 

It is 10 years since she has* 
patient little mother who was training 
her, and so Katie is really "self-made." 
She has high principles which she culti 
vated herself, and a good educatia 
which she acquired by mingling wit 
educated persons. She attended inst 
tutes for the blind in Illinois and Coli 


Sunday, Apr. 2, 1911. 


D. C. Fisher Undismayed 
by Misfortune. 

He Dictates Drawings for Plans of 
Intricate Machinery. 

Undismayed by the fact that he has 
been totally blind since June, 1902, D. C. 
Fisher of 10 Thane st, Dorchester, has 
achieved considerable prominence by 
his invention of a new card-feeding 
•machine for use in woolen mills, and 
his machine is in actual service in 
some of the most modern and active 
mills in New England and New York 
state, while others are about being 
shipped to England for the mills there. 

Mr Fisher was born in Hinsdale, 
N H, in 1847, his father being a farmer 
of a mechanical turn of mind. The 
latter died when the boy was only nine 
months old, which fact accounts for the 
lad's being compelled to go to work 
at the eariy age of seven years. This 
was in a small woolen mill in his 
native place, and his first work was 
cutting the trings from fleeces and 
spreading them out for the sorter. At 
times he did the sorting too. 

For eight years he was shifted from 
one department to another in this mill 
until he had the full process of the 
work thoroughly learned. When the 
civil war broke out he was appren- 
ticed to a machine shop in Worcester 
and in two years learned his trade. 
From there he went to the shop of a 
manufacturer of cards and spinning 
machinery, then to the finishing ma- 
chinery department of another firm, 
and later was employed to develop a 
self-operating jack attachment to re- 
place the hand operator. 

Another firm employed him in de- 
veloping a new spinning machie, and 
aftei working in different plages upon 
pioneer ma-chines for use in the woolen 
or -cotton industries, he was instru- 
mental in assisting in the development 
of a famous feeder. In 1879 he became 
a salesman and demonstrator of textile 
machinery and had wonderful success. 
He traveled all over this country and 
Canada, and went abroad on several 

Tn 1S93 he began the construction of a 
card feeding machine upon ideas of his 
own, and completed the work so that 
machines were in operation the follow- 
lng year. This, with other patents of 
his, he turned over to a manufacturing 

All his life he had been a close and 
careful reader, and this, with his ap- 
plication to business, was too great a 
strain upon his eyes. In 1902 he be- 
came totally blind, and spent nearly 

f^L. f . und f in tr >" ln & to have his 
sight restored, but without success 

FishP? *M lth . H is eyesight gone Mr 
i istier did not lose faith in his ability 

Rv^ttW 1 ., 11 ?,^ 8 former Iife of worfc 

Piazza of h.i Ut rt' a l he sat u P° n tHe 
Viw i i. of hls Dorchester home he 

"» ht - out tne s te PS in the develop! 
weighing, measuring and 

nicnt of 

the inS mach »?e. and when he had 
h e c ' n ,L nto n n complete in his own mind 
dictated d thl a ^ dra ^ tsman t0 whom he 
daughter a t?£? lnB8 'u and his own 
says 4 now & noe * a V hw > whom he 
*«il i P ow his eyes, arms lees and 
feat, took his dictation f«J.' t u! gsan . <1 

cat" or for nif d j ctation 'or the app 
memcrv h£ c ent p . a P ers - etc. His owi 
enc£ and e hf ay *V s the be st in exist- 
miH-h £ d t.t t hls enabled him to do 

" Moth , eVm^S r,,t ** almo8t ™P°ss°ible 

wants a bit^v e hu mak S r h u e described his 

to assemhu ? i, ' &nd When il came time 

hat almolt no 6 "^'"-e it was found 

over h M*." , change was necessary 

He asserts it is now in use in several 
large mills and has proven a great sav- 
ing in a financial way as well as in 

Despite the fact that he is blind he 
personally went to the mills and dem- 
onstrated the machine, when it had 
been installed. The men present merely 
told him what the machine was doing 
and he was able to regulate it and 
change it to suit their wants as the 
demonstration proceeded. That first 
machine caused others to be purchased 
although not much was done, until the 
panic of 1907 came along and practi- 
cally stopped all orders. 

In 1909 the blind inventor got busy 
with the exploitation of his machine 
with the result that 100 were placed in a 
single mill, and he says that at present 
things are going very satisfactorily, 
from a business standpoint. 

Although he had thought out some of 
the ideas previous to the loss of his eye- 
sight, it was not until 1904 Mr Fisher 
invented a cotton breaker, and by 1906 
had it ready for use. This invention 
has also been a success, and he says he 
is at present at work upon another idea 
for cotton carding where lappers are 
used. It is his idea to attach his new • 
device to the carder engine, and he ex- 
pects to have it ready in the very near 

In the preparation and promoting of 
his different inventions he says he has 
had no financial assistance outside his 
own family, and says that is proof that 
he is as good a business man as he is 
Inventor. He has been married 34 years 
and has one daughter, who does hi; 
clerical work and correspondence fo 

tftivnyoli., Mine., jowfiai (.»•* 

M«n.a>y, Aj>r. *i 1W- 






Denied a law diploma on account of 
the university rule that while a student 
may enter the law classes without cer- 
tain specified requirements he may not 
fet a diploma without them, Carleton 
!. Bradley, blind, 16 Florence court, 
may get his ' diploma as a result of a 
petition circulated by his fellow se- 
niors in the school. 

Six years ago Mr. Bradlev lost his 
eyes when shot in the face by a 
drunken Indian. He entered the Min- 
nesota law school in 1908, and despite 
his handicap managed to assimilate 
law to such an extent that a month ago 
he had no difficulty in passing tne , 
state bar examination. Realizing that 
his standing seemed to warrant his re- 
ceiving a diploma, his fellow class- 
mates prepared the petition, the pres- 
entation of which has been delayed | 
only by the illness of Dean W. S. Pat- 

Mr. Bradley, before his accident, had 
a restaurant in a small town near the 
Red Lake Indian reservation. He was* 
active in the Spanish war, serving both* 
with the regulars and the volunteer 
and saw much Philippine service, jf 

over his first dictated plans The 

been a' e succlsr h d and ^ "acniite has" 
oeen a success, he says, from the start. 




i uQzecy, 



Rendered Sightless When » r*fb* 
LeiUi Dances, Swims, Rows and 
tides Horse or WUeeL 


_Iow Biuch/'can the blind see? Are 
there mental eyes? Can the brain of 
the blind be quickened to conjure up 
images not Jar frjjm reality. 

Mrs Godfiey'' Holterhoff of Los An- 
geles, believes that in such a sense 
her daughter sees, sees things cor- 
:v as they hive been described 
to her. There a* people who "have 
eyes and se^e no|'; Leila Holterhoff 
has not eyes' arid" sees. 

When, as a month-old baby, a score 
of years and more ago in Dayton, O., 
a physician's blunder deprived Leila 
Holterhoff of sight the mother re- 
solved that every humanly possible 
effort should be made to compensate 
her for the loss. Today that blind 
girl is singing on the concert stage in 
Germanv, and next winter will tour 
America. She dances, swims, rows, 
rides horseback and a bicycle. She 
has a teacher's diploma m Latin. She 
speaks fluently and writes French, 
German, Italian and Spanish and has 
orking knowledge of Finnish, 
Hungarian and Dutch. She has re- 
markable powers of description. All 
this has been made possible by her 
mother's devoted instruction and 
fierce love and ambition, her father's 
comradeship and support, and her 
own application and undauntedness. 

Miss Holterhoff, for her musical 
debut, challenged the cold, calculat- 
ing ear of Berlin and won. Within the 
last two years he has appeared In 
concert in Berlin, London, Paris, 
Florence, St Petersburg and Munich, 
and is now giving in Weimar a series 
of lectures on Wagner's operas which 
she illustrates and Interprets. 

Such achievements would be re- 
markable in any young girl, and this 
one is blind! The story of her edu- 
cation is as interesting in its way as 
that of Helen Keller. Her mother 
early decided that. blind people should 
not be her child'sifessociates and their 
way should not He her ways. She 
never cap. to Leila's misfor- 

tune by making things easy for her. 
The ehil W to find things, to 

h ana carry like other children. 
She permitted to lay her 

hands "upon people. Instead, they 
were carefully described to her. Fur- 
niture was moved without telling her; 
yet she was not allowed to feel her 
way about with groping hands, nor to 
walk tiat-footed. To prevent this, the 
mother got down on the floor and fol- 
lowed the child about, arching her 
feet and flexing her knees. 

Those familiar with the habits of 
the blind will know how remarkable 
it Is that Leila prepares ner own food 
and eats with a knife and fork. 

Mi Holterhbff, in speaking, 

. '"I saw ;" Her mother says 

she sees. With her mental eye she 
detects all usual o*bjec:s as she passes 
along the street. By some rarefied, 
intensified sense, she feels colors. She 
feels the time of day. To the eyes 
>f her mind each individual forms a 
nental picture. She knows whether 
i man be fat or thin, tall or short, 
landsome or ugly, mustached or 
rniooth shaven, by his voice! This 
sxquisite sensitivenes of her ear un- 
loubtedly has something to do with 
he trueness of Miss Holterhoff s 
voice. It is an example of the work- 
figs of the mysterious law of com- 
»ensation. — 

fllAHA. WEB.. WorU -R*f* <t*t* 

Thursday, **r. t, l«.it» V 

Fire at School for Blind. 

Special Dispatch to the Wuild-Iierald. 

Vinton, la., April 5,— Fire raged fiercely 
in the north cupola of the main building 
of the college for the blind at 7 o'clock 
this morning, and for an hour threatened 
the entire destruction of the building. 
The fire is supposed to have originated 
from sparks from the kitchen chimney. 
The entire city fire department was called 
and with the assistance of the city fire- 
men and the college organization, which 
did most heroic work, the fire was ex- 
tinguished. The entire membership of 
the school was at breakfast in the base- 
ment and hastily escaped under the direc- 
tion of Superintendent Eaton. It is esti- 
mated that the damage Is *1,000. 

W. T. PSM3T flP«»« 

Friday, Apr. 1.4, 1911,. 



A Bridge Game Which Train Passen- 
gers Watched — Dots- Punched in 
Corners to Mark the Cards — De- 
pressed Squares and Pieces of Dif- 
ferent Shapes on Checker Boards. 

What games do the blind people play? 
Seeing persons seem to be of the opinion 
that the blind don't play at all. 

A short time ago four men were seated 
in a smoking-car, having a game of bridge. 
Bystanders who were watching the play 
suddenly tumbled to the astonishing fact 
that three of the players were stone blind. 
The news spread, and a crowd of interest- 
ed gazers gathered about the players. They 
were courteous and kind enough, and over- 
whelmed the players with cigars, until one 
of the blind men, a cornetist, feared the 
effect of too much smoking on his "horn- 
lip," and another blind man, a public sing- 
er, had. to plead for his voice against fur- 
ther indulgence. 

In the group one could see the kindly ig- 
norance of the public regarding the blind. 
The spectators talked to one another as 
if the blind men were also deaf and could 
not overhear, and when one of the blind 
players made an unusually deep finesse, the 
bystanders applauded as one would pat a 
child on the back, or cry "Bravo" to a 
one-armed acrobat performing a difficult 
feat on the vaudeville stage. 
Yet there are many blind men who are 
! adepts in cards, and cards is not the only 
game played by the sightless. At the Blind 
' Workers' Exhibition, which President Taft 
' will open to the public on the evening of 
! April 26 at the Metropolitan Opera House, 
there will be on view no less than twenty 
games which the blind can play. Not alone 
the games and paraphernalia will be ex- 
hibited, but tables will be provided where 
blind men, women, and children will play 
checkers, chess, pinochle, whist, dominos, 
parches!, thirty-one, backgammon, five pair, 

tit-tat-toe, authors, halma, and many other 
games for grown-ups and children. 


How do they do it? Just as simply as the 
j seeing do. Where the person with the 
sight of his two eyes watches his play, the 
blind man, with his "ten eyes," located at 
the tips of his fingers, can see just as rap 
idly and unmistakably. 

When a blind man gets a new deck of 
cards, he cannot commence dealing them 
as the seeing man does. First, he gets out 
his "stylus," an instrument which looks 
like a cohbler's awl, and, inserting the card 
into his writing-slate, he punches a series 
of little raised dots at the corner of each 
card, according to its value and denom- 
ination. Of course, at this stage of the 
game the services of a seeing person must 
be called in to give the names of the va- 
rious cards as they are embossed by the 

Starting, say, with the ace of spades, the 
blind man will emboss a series of dots 

like this 

The first set of 

four dots is the number sign written in 
Braille, the system of embossed dot-writiDg 
of the blind. The single dot in the middle 
is number "1"; the two dots to the right 
is the letter "S," for spade. The blind 
man's fingers running over these dots 
reads, "Number 1— S." The "two of spades" 
is similarly embossed with two vertical dots 

for the number, and appears ". ". ' The 

• • • 
number three of this denomination is 
written with only two dots horizontally, in- 
stead of three, as one would naturally ex- 
T«ct, the embossed sign looking like this: 

• • • • 

In their regular or- 
t • • 

lei. the spades are embossed in the fol- 

owing manner: 

of 6pades 

of spades 

of spades 

of spades 

8 of spades 

9 of spades 

10 of spades 

For the jack, queen, and king the number 
igns are omitted and the initials are writ- 
ten in Braille. Jack is * ! *, the group of 

dots to the left is the letter J, and the last 
two vertical dots. "S," as above. 

Queen is . . and king is . . 


Joker, by the way, comes in for a very elab- 
orate dotting, no less than the following 

smbossed inscription, appearing on the top 
• • • • • • 

ind bottom • . . . . 

The blind men then proceed to emboss the 
>ther denominations in their order. Three 
lots for hearts • t ; three dots in this po- 
ition i ' for clubs; three dots in the re- 
erse position for diamonds * • 

When the embossing is completed, the 
blind man is ready for his game. Matched 
against a seeing person, he will identify his 
cards as quickly and as accurately as his 

A rather curious contingency which grows 
out from the embossing is the manner in 
which the cards have to be dealt by the 
dealer. In order to eliminate the possi- 
bility of his touching the corners of the 
cards and so becoming familiar with his 
opponents' hand, the cards are grasped in 
the middle and each card is shoved off by 
the aid of the thumb. 

l*/f 1 

The blind card player soon develops a 
remarkably good memory for the cards he 
reads with the tips of his fingers. Men have 
been known to recall cards dealt three and 
four plays back. It is, therefore, the literal 
truth to say that the blind man has more 
cards at the tips of his fingers than his 
seeing opponent. 

The devices employed for making checkers 
possible for the blind are simple enough. A 
board Is made with depressed alternate 
squares to represent the red boxes, and 
alternate xaiaed squares for the black 
boxes. One set of checkers is square and 
the other set is circular. On one side of 
each checker a little hole is bored; when 
the player has won a king his pawn is 
turned to expose' this little hole. The ordi- 
nary method of laying one checker upon 
the other to designate a king is not prac- 
ticable for the blind, as there would al- 
ways be the possibility of spilling the kin? 
by the groping fingers of the player. 

The blind children are quick to learn 
this game and take great pleasure in play- 
ing it, especially against seeing children. It 
is hoped to have a number of blind public 
school children at the Blind Workers' Ex- 
hibition to play checkers and.tit-tat-toe, an- 
other game which they enjoy hugely. 

This game is simplicity itself, and a see- 
ing person can easily play it blindfolded. 
A board is divided into nine boxes, one 
inch square; the dividing lines are then 
grooved hollow; in the centre of each of 
the nine boxes, a hole is bored half-way into 
the wood. Pegs to fit these holes are made 
in two sets, one set of five with flat heads 
and another set of five rounded knobby 
heads. The game then proceeds as with 
the crosses and circles, only in this case 
the flat heads are opposed to the knobby 

The game of authors is especially fan*' 
cied by the blind. It is one of the first 
games they call for when they have mas- 
tered Braille. They say that the game 
makes learning of the dot-writing much 
easier than it would be from dry 
text books. Sheets of heavy white paper 
are embossed with the name of the author 
and the titles of his works. The game then 
proceeds in orthodox fashion as though the 
cards were printed in ink. 

The blind man's chess board is no more 
complicated than the ordinary board. Each 
box on the board has a hole to receive a 
plug, and each man, instead of being stood 
up in the boxes, is secured to the board 
by being pushed into one of these holes. 
For bishop, knight, king, castle, and other 
pieces, plugs are used with arbitrary notches 
carved on the heads, and for the pawns 
plain uncarved plugs. There have been 
many famous blind chess players; some of 
thern have achieved international reputa- 
tions and engaged in big tournaments. 

It is a remarkable fact that almost all 
the games played by the blind have been 
invented or adapted by blind men. 

Knowing the disadvantage under which 
the blind must play as well as work, they 
use their inventive skill in devising ways 
, and means to obviate the need of sight. 
That these game inventors are successful 
in their devices is evidenced by the fact 
that almost every blind person who learns 
one of the games becomes efficient in a. 
short time. » 


Wednesday, Apr. 19, J911. 

loift. crl 


: Connolly, Chelsea's noted blind 
died last night at fflS" 'rToWBf ' 
bstnut street, that city. Three 
months ago he was stricken with' 

He began the practise of law In 1878 
and had been a familiar figure in the 
Chelsea police court and Boston courts. 
He was especially noted for his remark- 
able- memory, and Chelsea justices have 
frequently been known to ask him to 
furnish information upon precedents; he 
was also an expert mathematician. He 
could travel all over Chelsea alone, and 
not infrequently went to the Boston 
courts alone. 

He was born in Chelsea 60 years ago, 
graduated from the Williams grammar 
school, attended Dartmouth College (but 
did not graduate), and later studied law 
in Boston law offices. In 1875 lie was 
cue of the early presidents of the St. 
Rose T. A. and B. Society of Chelsea- 
He was a member of the Order of the 
Eastern Star. 


, Friday, Apr. 21, 1911. 

G I V E^P t ' EAaiMU HHOmT ATi/ir" 

n Engine 

Concert in Aid of New Enq 
» Home for Deaf Mut 

A large audience enjoyed the concert 
last evening at Chickering hall, Hun- 
tington av. in aid of the New England 
home for deaf mutes, aged blMhur in- 
firm. The program included songs, solos, 
violin and piano solos, impersonations 
and dances, *nd was given under the 
direction of Miss A. J. Westby. The 
program was of well-selected numbers 
by the better-known composers. 

Those contributing were Miss Lillian 
Goulston, Miss Gladys Livingston Olm- 
stead Miss Blanche Brin. Benjamin B. 
Sewell, Harrv G. Frothingham, Miss 
Josephine Thorpe Durrell, Miss Edna 
ers and the,. * 


Friday, Apr, 21, Wl. 


The funeral of Job*"*: Connelly, Chel- 
sea's well known blind lawyer, was 
held this morning at St. Rose's Church. 
High mass was celebrated by the Rev. 
William F. Power, and the deacon was 
the Rev Thomas A. Qulnlan. 

Delegations were present from the 
Chelsea police department, Chelsea Law- 
yers' Association and the Chelsea court 
officers The pallbearers were Thomas 
Punch. James H. O'Neal, John F. De- 
wan, Eben Hutchinson, John F. Lynch 
and Clarence B. Loud. 
Interment neasjn Woodlawn cemetery. 



Friday, Apr. 21, 1611. 


Blind Animal in New York Kicks Through 
a Big Show Winrlt)ar„iMi"f catters $200,- 
000. Worth of Diamonds % J\ I 

New York. April 21— The traditional hull 
in a china shop was run a close^ecojjd^ta* 
day by a horse— an aged and totally blind 
horse at that- which kicked hia way 
through two big plate glass windows of a 
jewelry store at the corner of Maiden lane 
and Broadway and sent the $200,000 worth 
of diarmonds in the window flying in all 
directions. Precious stones by the tens 
of thousands of dollars worth were swept 
into the street, buried among masses 
of finely broken glass. Policemen sta- 
tioned at this, one of the busiest corners 
in downtown New York in the heart of the 
wholesale jewelry district, had all they 
could dc to control the crowds which 
pushed into the thick of the fray and 
watchel the proprietors and clerks of the 
jewelry establishment in a mad scramble 
to pick the gems out of the d&bris and save 
everything possible. The jewellers said it 
would take an inventory to tell if anybody 

had -set away With any of the gems. 

.»%. |||M|| 


Monday* SpCj 24, L i9lt. 

Blind Evangelist Preaches. 

Rev. Thomas Houston, the blind 
evangelist, preached in the First 
Baptist church: yesterday morning on 
"The Genuine Religion." In the aft- 
ernoon he conducted a service for men 
in the series of evangelistic; services now 
being held in the church. He gave a 
talk on "Trusts" and sang "The Lost 
Chord." The ^evening service was 
largely attended, showing that the re- 
vival services are rapidly creating a 
new interest in the church. His topic 
in the evening was on "Unused 
Spices" and he sang "Immortality." 
The services will continue throughout 
the week. 


TUESDAY, APRIL 25, 1911. 



■■ ■ 
He Is Starred in Production of 
the Boston Italian Dra- 
matic Company. 

For the benefit of blind Italians of 
Boston the Boston Italian Dramatic 
Company gave a play in Italian at 
Union Hall 45 Boylston street, last 
evening. Tlie drama was F. Bernardi- 
ni's "II Cieco" ("The Blind Man"). 

Its chief character, Vittorlo Silvegni, 
was played with artistic feeling by Al- 
fred Pellino, who has lately lost his 

The other characters were: 

Barone Gustavo Varnleri Nin«,.,£f 1 » 1 J , . r »- 
Tiiisa 1 Armanda Bassl; Adele. Matilde Fior- 
ewa!' G luTo Fcrrandtnl. D. PlUa: Pletro Mer- 
anV G. Di Bmedictls: Celeste. Glulla Schero- 
Tvry- Maria. E. Manettl: Un Marlnalo. M. 

U\ <0 



\ 25, If... --'"SB 


Inmates of Gates Avenue Home Will 

Be Given a Week at 

the Shore. 

The Sunshine Society, which bring-; 
sunshine into the hearts and lives of 
those for whom the light, has failed 
a plat: on foot which opens such a wealth 
of pleasant possibilities to the blind that 
there isn't a single clouded face in the 
Blind Men's Home, on Gates avenue, 
these days. It is nothing more nor less 
than a week's outing in some cool spot, 
probably Srony Brook. L. I., where the 
off-shore blow and the tang of 
the sea fills the nostrils. 

Many prominent Brooklyni; cs are in- 
terested in this project to make ea 
the pathway of those who grope in 
dark, and on Thursday night, next a co 
ceri will be held in the Central Pr< 
,n Church, of which the R p v. J 
F. Carson is pastor, for the ^purpose 
fuitbering those plans. A collection 
be taken up. 

Those who have their sight can scan 
ly appreciate how much it means to the 
blind brothers and sisters who are 
fined all the year round within the nai 
row limits of the building on Gates ai 
nue to enjoy a bit of comfort down 
the quiet sea. and it is hoped that 
concert will bfc well attended. 




Sunday, &tii\ 30, 191J, 



Katie At wood of Denver 
Helps the Unfortunate. 

The first blind officer of a juvenile 
court in America is a Denver gi. 

Miss Katie Atwood held her com- 
mission before her sightless eyes for 
a full minute the other day, fancying 
she could read its every line, and then 
she tucked it away with a few other 
precious possessions and started to 

Katie Atwood doesn't waste time. 
She is a bundle of energy and pluck 
and sunshine, is this little blind girl. 
The sunlight that is denied her vision 
Is locked up in her soul, and it beams 
from the eyes that do not see, and 
plays about the mouth that is deli- 
cately sweet. 

Katie Atwood has been in Denver six 
years. She came here from Chicago. 
It was there that she was born 22 
years ago, and it was there that she 
was stricken with blindness when she 
was 8 years old. 

It is a singularly pathetic- story, this 
one that Katie Atwood tells about the 
day she sat in the schoolroom poring 
over her books when she was suddenly 
deprived of sight by a paralytic stroke. 

"And I had such pretty eyes," says 
Miss Atwood with a feminine droop of 
the. mouth, as if that were all that she 
regretted about the loss of her sight. 

"They were large and blue and so 

She really need not say "were," for 
Miss Atwood's eyes are still pretty, and 
quite large and blue. One would not 
guess that she is totally blind a 
look into the big, blue orbs. 

Since the time she was stricken with 
paralvsis at schook Miss Atw r ood has 
had three other strokes. They have left 
her crippled, as well as blind. One 

came when she was 11, one when she 
was 14, and one when she was 17. 

It is 10 years since she lost the pa- 
tient little mother who was training 
her. and so Katie is really "self- 
made." She has high principles which 
she cultivated herself, and a good edu- 
cation which she acquired by mingling 
with educated persons. She attended in- 
stitutes for the blind in Illinois and 

Since coming to Colorado she has, 
from time to time, come into the spot- 
light through her desire to be of as- 
sistance to other unfortunates. She has 
a passion for helping others. Wttfen 
she wants a favor of a railroad, she 
goes straight to the man highest up 
ind makes her wants known. Her per- 
sonality does the rest. 

It was Katie Atwood who earned the 
undying enmity of one Colorado road 
by championing the cause of a blind 
beggar who was injured near Colorado 
Springs. Several of his ribs were brok- 
en in an accident. When he lay in the 
hospital he thought of Katie Atwood 
'tnd sent tor her. She found that an 
agent of the road was endeavoring to 
have the injured man, whose name was 
Harper, waive his clam for damages 
upon the payment of $10. 

Miss Atwood held out for more. The 
agent refused to deal with her. Every 
time he called at the hospital she was 
there and her insistence prevented the 
deal. Finally, she permitted Harper to 
settle for $150 and a ticket to his home 

Another Colorado Springs case in 
which the girl- figured concerned a 
street musician named Minder. He, too, 
was blind. A little girl named Anna 
led him about and collected pennies for 
him. Miss Atwood won the confidence, 
of the man because of their corrvmon 
affliction. She learned the parents df the 
girl had sold her to him back in Pitts- 
burg. Miss Atwood set about separat- 
ing the two. As a result of her efforts, 
Anna is now in the state home for de- 
pendent children, where her duty is to 
look after the babies. She is 16 now. 

A recent case which attracted the 
attention of the girl was the predica- 
ment of a blind man, his wife and baby 
girl. The family had come to Denver 


n the expectation that the woman could 
vork and support all three. She fell 
II with rheumatism soon after she ar- 
ived. and the family was in destitute 
ireumstances when Miss Atwood heard 
if them. 

The chanty organization was appealed 
tor transportation back to Omaha 
vhere relatives would care for them' 
Jnder the rules of the societv the new- 
omers could not be given this assist- 
nce. The county cculd not do anything 
imler the rule as to residence. 

/lakes Railroad Help. 
Miss Atwood went straight to the 
ailroad, in the employ of which her 
ather was once in a humble capacity, 1 

nd told the story. She pleaded so 
itifully that the tickets were furnished 
n the sworn statement of two reput- 
able Denver people that if the family 
emained here its members would be- 
ome charges on the county. The of- 
Icials of the road also took up a collec- 
ion for Miss Atwood's most recent 

"Of course," she say,;, "1 am some- 
imes fooied. People hear of me 
ooking me up, ask for help. Usually 
hey are deserving."— Denver Post. 

Sunday., &&r, 30, X2\h 


Anderson White of Swampscott 

Is One of the Busiest 

Men There. 


" Blind n csj^ahder a man in making 
a livingTIt: heed not if he is persist- 
ent and does not lose his courage." 

Anderson White sat in the sun on a 
bench in front of his store on Essex 
street, Swampscott. It's a variety 
store, and not a very big one either, 
but it serves to support White and his 
wife comfortably. He built and 
stocked it with nis own money, and 
he earned the money reseating chairs, 
and he learned to reseat chairs after 
he became totally blind, some 10 years 
ago. White, who was known to state 
teachers of the blind as one of the 
quickest to learn, told a reporter how 
he managed to get on his feet again 
after he lost his sight. 

"I was five years going blind," he 
said. "I had a barber shop. I had to 
give that up and couid i»©t do any 
work. My wife supported us, work- 
ing in the shoe shop. Rheumatism of 
the eyes, they called it. At times the 
pain would be unbearable. I would * 
have spells when I would go for 20 j 
days and over without sleep. 

"When I knew that I was really 1 re- 
coming blind I stayed in the house a 
long time. I could not bear to go where 
people where, nor think of going to a 
blind school. I did not want to be 
classed as blind. One day my wife read 
to me about some blind men in West 
Lynn who made chairs and brooms. It 
was several months after that before 
I made up my mind to go and =ee 
them. Finally I got a little boy to take 
me there, and it was there T mer Chris 
Tuttle. He is blind. He told me how 
the state would send' a man around to 
teach me how to read and how to work. 
People generally don't know That. More 
ought to know of it. Then they could 
learn while they were going blind and 
it would be much easier. 

Learns to Reseat Chairs. 

"I learned to read and to reseat 
chairs. I went to a blind class in the 
industrial school on North Bennet street 
in Boston, where I was one of tl 
to prove that a blind man can learn to 
mend shoes. They told me I got so I 
could do as good a job as a regit 
ehoe repairer, but I never opened a si 
shop. A blind man would not stand a| 
chance here where there is so much 

"I put my time in mending chairs, and 
soon chairs began to come in from 
everywhere. If seemed as if there were 

■ . . 



a BMBjj^Sf .j g '^E^tSSSj^gSg'' 

millions of chairs that needed reseat- 
ing, especially in the spring: when peo- 
ple were house-cleaning-. My wife used 
to say she would think all the chairs 
in Lynn and Swampscott would be re- 
seated after a while, but they kept 

"Four years ago T derided to branch 
out. I did not have much money, but 
I took an awful chance. I built this 
little store and a house in the rear 
where we have four rooms and a bath. 

"It took all my money to build the 
store, and friends helped me some. I've 
got a good many friends who have been 
mighty kind. I didn't have a cent for 
stock, but a Peabody candy wholesaler 
fitted me up in candy on 10 clays' credit, 
$15 worth, and a fancy biscuit company 
fitted me with a line of goods on 30 days' 
credit, and I got some cigars the same 

"People were coming in to buy cigars 
and cajidy before I got really opened. I 
scraped around and got enough to meet 
all the bills when they came due, be- 
cause the agents said if I did that I 
would stand ace high for credit. That's 
how I got my start here." 

Adds Salt Route. 

Since then Mr. White has purchased a 
horse and a fancy white wagon, and 
added a "salt route" to his list of in- 
dustries. He buys salt in bulk, puts it 
in attractive packages, and sells it at 
retail and to stores. He went from 
house to house throughout Lynn and 
Swampscott introducing it and telling 
the housewives to call for it at their 
grocers. Then he .sold it to the grocers. 
Accompanied by a boy he drives over 
his salt route weekly. With the salt 
route, the variety store, where his wife 
helps him by tending the counter, and 
mending chairs, he is one of the busiest 
men in Swampscott. 

"Whatever I do I try to do as hard as 
I can," he said, "to prove a blind man 
can accomplish what he starts out to 

"Then when I'm busy I don't think 
so much about being blind. I've been 
blind a good many years now, but I 
haven't got used to it yet. Snell, an- 
other blind man who stays with me in 
the store, and I were talking it over 
the other day— what a surprise we'd get 
if we were to have our sight restored. 
He's never seen me and I've never seen 
him. He put his hands on my shoul- 
ders and said: 'Why, Andy; I thought 
from your voice you were a great big 
six-footer, and you're only a little bit 
of a fellow.' My voice :s deep, you 

When a boy Mr. White was extreme- 
ly far-sighted. He thinks that reading 
and cutting hair, using Ids eyes at close 
range, weakened them so as to bring 
on blindness. 

One of the peculiarities of his blind- 
ness is that he can predict to a cer- 
taintjf changes in the weather. 

"No matter how fine the day is," he 
said, "I can tell by the feeling in my 
eyes if it's going to storm tomorrow-. I 
probably could make money betting on 
[it God would take the gift away if I 
did." .— «—— 

itstat Mxmstxt»t 

THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1911 


Mrs. Thomas L. Nelson o* Worcester 
Had Been Blind Twenty-five Tears 

Mrs. Thomas L. Nelson, mother of 
Depwty Clerk William Nelson of the 
United States Metric! Court and widow 
of Judge Nelson. of the United States Dis- 
trict Court, died last night at her home 
in Worcester, aged seventy-eight years. 
Mrs. Nelson had been blind for about 
twenty-five years. 


Thursday, May 4, S911< 


Kansas City, Mo., May 3.— I^Blinl man 
as a critic of art appeared at the western 
gallery of art in the public library here 
and in showing those in charge defects it 
various statues, proved his knowledge. 

The first thing the blind man touchec 
was a statue of David, with Goliath's 
head at the base. After carefully feelin? 
the head he chuckled and said: "Why 
look at his whiskers; no one, even Go- 
liath, ever wore whiskers parted in thai 

w»K»f. maiss, aem??. oeosai 

ua. Saturday, May 6* 19.11- 

The blind art critic in Kansas City 
who points out the defects in statues 
after feeling them with his hands could 
find plenty of occupation here in_ 

W&Hrlfigton. D. C, Bv ft ntn?t »Ww ?*««* 

Friday, Apr. 2$, 191:1* 



Meeting of the Aid Association^for 
L the Blind Held. ~~~ 

Th^nnual ruartfng of the Aid Associa- 
tion for the Blind of the District of Co- 
lumbia was held last evening at the 
Home for the Blind, 915 E street north- 
west. Mrs. Charlotte K. Main, president I 
of the association, presided. The annual i 
reports of the officers and standing com- j 
mittees were submitted and accepted. The j 
committee on ways and means reported 
among other matters that the luncheon 
given last December was successful and 
that the hall had already been engaged 
for another luncheon. 

The board of directors were increased 
from thirty-five to fifty members. Mrs. 
Sydney R. Jacobs was re-elected director 
from the association to the District of 
Columbia Federation of Women's Clubs 
for one year. Mrs. Springer, Mrs. Met- 
zcrott and Miss Metzerott were elected 
delegates and Mrs. Flickling. Mrs. Van- 
degrift and M;s. Noble alternates to the 
annua! meeting of the federation, to be 
held in May. 

Mrs. Main gave an account of her visit 
to various) institutions for the blind dur- 
ing her recent absence of a year abroad- 
Mrs. Main, as president of the associa- 
tion, will attend the conference of the 
American Association of Workers 
the Blind June 20 to 24 at Overbook 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



Saturday/ Apr, Sd, 1911. 'W'.lM 

The musical and literary coflfert given 
Thursday evening at the Central Pres- 
byterian Church for the benefit of the 
Inmates of the Home for the Blind on 
Gates avenue, was a brilliant affair. An 
excellent programme was presented to 
a large audience and the proceeds, which 
will probably be large, will be used to 
give the blind men a day's outing this 
summer. a 








vVcdr.isday, Way fi, 1911. 


i > 

FOX ESTATE, $1,567,932 


Leaves Large Bequests to Brook- 
lyn Institutions. 

Charles F. Murphy, the Appraiser, 

Files His Statement With 


The estate of George L. Fox, which 
laeves large bequests to various institu- 
tions of Brooklyn, has been appraised 
and reaches the total of $1,567,932. 

This fact was made known to-day when 
Charles F. Murphy, appraiser, in con- 
nection with the transfer tax on the 
property, filed his statement with the 
Surrogate's Court. Teh estimate shows 
that there was no real property. 

After the deduction of various expenses 
the report states that there remains in 
the estate $1,588,645.01. The voluminous 
appraisal estates that the following 
amounts will be placed with Brooklyn 
institutions as bequests under the es- 

St. Catherine's Hospital, $25,000; 
Brooklyn Hospital, $20,000; Eastern Dis- 
trict Hospital, $100,000; St. Mary's Hos- 
pital, $25,000; German Hospital, $25,000; 
Roman Catholic Asylum of the City of ' 
Brooklyn, $25,000; Hebrew Orphan Asy- 
lum, $25,000; Jewish Hospital, $25,000; 
Home for the Aged of the Little Sisters 
of the Poor, $50,000; Industrial School 
Association, $10,000; Brooklyn Howard 
Colored Orphan Asylum, $25,000. 

Industrial Home for the. Bli nd, $15 ,000; 
Brooklyn Home for Aged CoioWP^Iople, 
$10,000; Brooklyn Home for Consump- 
tives, $10,000; St. John's Hospital, $10,- 
000; New York Opthalmic and Aural In- 
stitution, $10,000; Y. M. C. A.. $5,000; 
Brooklyn Eastern District Homeopathic 
Dispensary, $5,000: St. Vincent's Home, 
$15,000; Society of St. Vincent de Paul, 

Among the large bequests to friends is 
one to Mrs. Mary Stray of $53,750, and to 
Joseph S. Stray of $45,000. Several other 
legacies to friends are from $5,000 to 
$10,000 each. 

latent tZfomsmvt 

324 Washington Stbeet, Boston, Mass. 

(Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., 
as Second Class Mail Matter) 

e^r- .. r -,; * - ■ ■— ^- ■- - -= — - — - ' - === 

SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1911 


Newton Man, Not a Licensed Doctor, 
Claims to Have Cured Blindness 

For practising medicine without a li- 
cense, Clarence T. Berry of 51 Parsons 
street, "West Newton, was fined $100 in the 
Newton Court this morning. He appealed 
and furnished cash bail of $300. Berry, 
tvho styles himself an "optologlst" and 
•refractionist," has been earning large 
sums treating cases of eye trouble, and 
some of his patients declared in court 
that he had cured them of practically 
total blindness. He is a watchmaker by 
lesion. His counsel argued that Ber- 
ry is an optical masseur and that he did 
not represent himself as a doctor. The 
man claimed that his method Is a secret 

His arrest was brought about through 
the experience of Daniel C. Fisher of 
Dorchester, who has been blind for nine 
years. Through a friend Mr. Fisher was 
taken to West Newton several nights ago 
and introduced to Berry, whom the friend 
addressed as a. doctor. Mr. Fisher had 
promised his wife to return home at a 
certain hour, and when he failed to do 
so she telephoned the Newton police, 
asking the address of Dr. Berry. They 
were unable to find such a person and 
this led to an investigation. 

Berry refused to treat patients until 
after dusk each day. Every evening, it 
is said, his house was filled with patrons. 
His method, described by several wit- 
nesses, was to seat the patient under a 
strong light and by rapidly changing 
lenses before their eyes, bring life into 
the afflicted muscles and veins. In this 
manner he claimed to have cured cases 
of blindness of twenty years' standing 
and several persons testified this morn- 
ing that he had greatly benefited them. 
He had said that the quick shifting of 
lenses was really muscular gymnastics 
for the eyes. Mr. Fisher declared that 
he has expended $10,000 for treatment 
and that his suspicions were aroused 
when Berry was unable, or unwilling, to 
diagnose his trouble- Each patient paid 
$10 for an examination and $4 for each 
visit, many coming to his office three or 
four times weekly. One of his patients 
was Postmaster Joy of Bar Harbor, Me. 
Berry did not have any sign on the out- 
side of his house, although his patients 
called him "doctor. - 


Vw<.rn.a,7V ,n n -n a, v S 



-r'ne, De.a,V , »la. 




Deaf Impostors. — The National Association of the Deaf 
through Mr. Jay Cooke Howard, of Duluth, Minnesota, 
appointed as a special committee for that purpose, is making 
a strenuous effort to suppress the mendacity of persons 
professing to be deaf. Mr. Howard asks the co-operation 
of all friends of the deaf in this important work. 

Through the efforts of the Committee on Legislation of the 
Minnesota Association of the Deaf the following law has been 
placed upon the statute book of that state : 

' ' Any person engaged in, practicing, or attempting any trick or device to 
procure money or other thing of value, if such trick or device is made a 
public offense by any law of the State, or any person engaged in solicit- 
ing, procuring, or attempting to solicit money or procure money or other 
thing of value by falsely pretending and representing himself to be 
blind, deaf, dumb, without arms or legs, or to be otherwise physically 
deficient, or to be suffering from any physical defect or infirmity, shall 
upon conviction thereof be punished by imprisonment not exceeding 
ninety days, or by a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars." 


.:. 14* mit 



■ - ♦ — 
Miss Edith Hardy of Leonia, 
N. J., Sightless from Birth, La- 
bors for Cheaper Car Fares. 

If all young women who can see » 
as active and as public spirited as Miss 
Edith Hardy of Leonia, N. J., who 
been blind from birth, they would be 
a power in civic affairs. 

During the last month there has been 

a strong agitation in South Englewood. 

which adjoins Leonia, for a five-cent 

trolley fare to Edgewa'.er, wnlch would 

mean a ten-cent fare to New York. 

. Funds have been raised by private sub- 

| scription to defray the legal costs oT 

! appeal to the Public Utilities Comrals- 

I sion to have the fare reduced. When a 

j satisfactory reply is received from the 

I Public Service - Corporation, which is 

charged with maintaining an excessive 

fare, a hearing will be held at Trenton. 

Desiring to help the South Englewood 
cause the young folk of that vicinity 
had a vaudeville show a few nights ago 
in Burdette Memorial Hall, clearing a 
substantial profit. One of the most en-' 
thusiastic performers was Miss Hardy, 
Who sang two soprani solos, one of them 
in German, and played her own accom- 
paniments. Miss Hardy, who has been 
for eight years a pupil in the Xew York 
Institute for the Blind, at Thirty-fourth 
street and Ninth avenue, is now one of 
the tutors of music in that school. She 
is seventeen years old and has a voice 
of unusual sweetness and power. She j 
hopes to make music her career. She is i 
also an expert typewriter. She r< 
much from Braile point books and is al- 
aliy educated. Miss Fanny 
Crosby, the famous blind hymn writer, 
has taken an interest in her from her 
childhood. Miss Hardy, who has an \ 
exceptionally happy disposition, rarely 
misses a Sunday service at the Leonia 
Methodist Church, of which she is a 
member. She has a keen sense of humor, 
and declares that she believes her blind- 
ness is a blessing •'because it keeps me 
from seeing lots of things which it 

"TV ii t do me n0 sood to 9ee " 




tlE*l fl 7 081 

B'idayj May a& ami ma 


524 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Successful Operation Performed on 

Woman Who Had Been 

Blind foV Years. 

After a ygdPs blindness, Mrs. Mary A. 
Wright, 52 years- who, it is said, is the 
oldest Sunda^lfliool teacher in New Jer- 
sey. For sMly-five years Mrs. Wright 
has taught a Sunday school class. It was 
thought when she went to the hospital 
that she would never see again, but one! 
of the rarest operations in the history of 
optical surgery was performed. 

"In the Ions time in the hospital I 
learned important lessons." she said. "One 
is never carry tomorrow's burdens today; 
Just take care of today -and try to get 
the best out of it. I tried to be blind will- 
ingly, but I didn't get willing. I learned 
how not to lose todays happiness out of 
tomorrow's possibilities." 

Mrs. Wright then told of the value of 
friends; how they were worth more than 
money and how her friends' prayers had 
been answered. 

"And now 1 can see." she went on joy- 
ously. "I can read my bible, I can see 
the flowers, I can recognize your faces, 
and I am so happy I feel twenty-five— 
jks, fifty— years younger. Tf 1 were a 
man and a politician and felt such grati- 
tude 1 suppose I would get out a band 
and have a big parade. But that doesn't 
appeal to me. I can't sing, but my heart 
will he with your voices as you sing my 
hymn of gratitude, 'I Will Still Serve My 

£HX 5*s,y «VF9flWrJ 

•fXhursdavj Mai! J8, i$&* 

:haritable home 
wins legal fight 

Seld Not Liable on Notefor $2000 
in Suit of People's Na- 
tional Bjttk.y 

The full bench of the supreme court 
held today in the case of the People's 
National Bank of this city against the 
New England Home for Deaf Mutes, 
Aged, Blindsmd^nflrm, that the de- 
. fendant waTnot liable upon a note for 
$2000 signed in its name by its president 
and treasurer without the authority or 
ratification of the corporation. 

William F. Mitchell, a lawyer, acted 
as agent of the home in negotiating a 
purchase of real estate in Everett. He 
falsely represented that it could be pur- 
chased for $9500, which was $2000 more 
than the owner really received. The 
note in suit was for $2000 and was to 
reimburse Mitchell for a payment which 
he represented he had made to the 
owner. He had made no such payment 
In fact. The fraud was not discovered 
hy the officers of the home until long 
after they had entered into possession 
of the real estate. The note was not tne 
note of the corporation, it is held, Be- 
cause the president and treasurer did 
not have the necessary special author- 
ity to make it and the corporation le 
held not to have ratified it by "fil- 
ing possession of the real estate alter 
the fraud was discovered. 

THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1911. 



Sightless News Vendor Sent to 
Jail for Assault on Wooden- 
Legged Rival. 

A blind man and a wooden-legged man 
1 whom he assaulted, Frank E. Riley, 
sightless, with a broken cane, and 
Hosea L. Wheeler, with well-splintered 
oak limb, ranted wildly at each other 
in the first session of the municipal 
court yesterday, while a dove, which hu- 
manity everywhere dubs the "symbol of 
peace," having gained access to the 
high-studded court room by chance, cir- 
cled peacefully above during the trial 
in the stifling atmosphere of hot words. 

The blind man's wooden cane and the 
j civil war veteran's wooden leg have 
mixed it up for a month past to the 
, edification of pedestrians at Summer 
and Washington street, where the two 
stood as newsboys. The blind man got 
the worst of it yesterday by being sent 
to the house of correction for 10 day* 
by Judge Bennett. 

Wood met wood for a long strife 
* bout a month ago, Riley, who is 37 
j Dors of age and lives in the Arcadia on 
Washington street in the South end. 
had been accustomed to sell papers at 
Washington and Summer streets for 
years. He was a landmark there. A 
short time ago he went South for a 
vacation. Then the wooden-legged man, 
Wheeler, who lost his leg at Antietam, 
and who is 65 years old and lives in the 
South end, took up his place of business 
as a newsboy at Riley's old stand. 

Riley when he returned to work on the 
busy corner about a month ago soon be- 
came aware of a capable competitor. He 
could not see him, but his hearing was 
good. He brooded over the situation 
and a little later felt his way along the 
plateglass windows till he got right 
beside Wheeler, guided by the latter's 
melodious, high-pitched voice. When he 
figured he was abreast of him. up went 
Riley's arm, down came the cane, out 
went Wheeler's wooden leg, and smash, 
Riley thought the cane struck rather 
hard for flesh and he rubbed his palm, 
which felt like that of a rattaned 

Next day the same was repeated 
and for many days following, but 
certain business men, when the attacks 
became so flagrant, made complaints to> 
the authorities. 

Riley Monday night went to bed 
early and had a good long sleep, a 
good breakfast the next morning, 
and some calisthenics. He sallied 
forth prepared to make that tough bony 
leg of Wheeler's some sore. Not till af- 
ternoon did he get a good chance. 

Summoning all his strength he 
brought down a diagonal blow at tha 
black area where he figured Wheeler 
stood. Out went the oaken timber. 
Crack! Riley's trusty cane broke 
into many pieces. That was too much. 
Riley would die like a man, and with, 
that determination he resorted to his 
fists and made a sortie on Wheeler. 

The story would be longer but Patrol- 
man Manning interfered. 

'Entered at the Post Office, Boston, Mass., 
as Second Class Mail Matter) 

FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1911 


Supreme Court Bases Decision on Ground 
That President and Treasurer of New 
England Home for Deaf Mutes Had No 
Authority to Sign— People's National 
Bank Loses 

The People's National Bank, through a 
decision of the Supreme Court handed down 
today, has lost its suit against the New 
England Home for Deaf Mutes, Aged, Blind 
and Infirm on a promissory note for $2000. 
This note was given by Dr. John Dixwell 
and Dr. Heber Bishop, who were president 
and treasurer respectively of the charity, in 
1905, when the note was made, In a trans- 
J action involving the purchase of more com- 
modious quarters for the home in Everett. 

The Supreme Court holds that the presi- 
dent and treasurer were not authorized by 
their directors to give the note, and that it 
is therefore void as against the charitable 
corporation. The decision follows, in part: 

"This is an action upon a promissory 
note against a charitable corporation. The 
note was signed by the corporation's presi- 
dent and treasurer. As officers of such a 
corporation they had no right to make a 
note without special authority, and on its 
face the note does not purport to bind the 
corporation without proof of their authority 
to sign it. The vote at the meeting of the 
trustees did not authorize these officers to 
make this note. It recited certain terms 
upon which the real estate had been of- 
fered, calling for payment in party by giv- 
ing certain notes and mortgages, and it 
purported to authorize the president anc 
treasurer to 'execute and sign necessary 
papers. The note is not included among 
these papers. 

"Upon the undisputed facts, therefore, 
the note sued on was not the note of the 
corporation and no action can be main- 
tained on it, even by a holder in due 
course, unless the corporation by its sub- 
sequent conduct had created a liability 
upon it. 

"We are of opinion that there is no 
evidence of ratification by the corporation, 
of the giving of this note, much less is 
there any estoppel against it. Judgment on 
the verdict." 


Tuesday, May P3, 1911, 


ig of the 

The quarterly meeting 6t" the Old 
Colony Universallst association will be 
held in this city on June 14. An ad- 
dress on the fight against tuberculosis 
will be given by the Rev. W. B. Geog- 
hegan of the Unitarian church, and one 
on •"•Assistance to the Blind" by E. R. 

At noon lunch will toe served by the 
women of the Qniversalist parish, and 
at 1:30 the session will reconvene for 
the business meeting. 

It is expected that the Rev. Frai 
Gills of Providence will give 
dress on "Sunday School Work." 






Governor Asked to Investigate 
Brooklyn Case. 

Robert B. Miller or 211 Monroe street, 
Brooklyn, has given to The Eagle a copy 
of a letter which lie bays he has sent 
to Governor Dix complaining against the 
dismissal of Henry A. Allen, a blinduijyi, 
from the Industrial Home for tlie" Blind 
at 512 Gates aveaue. Mr. Miner sayd 
Mr. Allen had interested himself in a 
bill now pending before the Legislature 
iif behalf of the indigent blind, and was 
ieavoring to secure the co-operation 
the measure of Senator Duhamel, As- 
iblyman Ebbetts and Charity Commis- 
ler, DrummoDd. Mr. Miller offers it 
asjhis belief that Mr. Allen's advocacy 
'f^the bill, "his activity and mental ac- 
iiplishments" caused jealousy and re- 
jilted in his dismissal. He states i:i 
bis letter that he appealed to Super- 
intendent Morford of the Home for the 
Blind in Allen's behalf, but in vain. 

Mr. Miller was formerly port warde.i 
under Governors Black and Morton, an ' 
is president of the Brooklyn Evenin ( 
High School Scholars Association. He ;i 
also associated with a copper company, 
having offices in Manhattan. 

An Investigation this morning disclosefl 
the fact that although the home for th* 
blind has dismissed Mr. Allen, it is pay- 
ing for( his care at a nearby boarding 
place. Superintendent Morford has 
agreed to see that the bill of his keep 
is paid. 

"Nevertheless, I do mot believe thac 
the home ought to have put the man 
3ut," 'Mr. Miller said this morning. "He 
Is industrious and deserving. He has 
compiled with all the regulations ami 
las always conducted himself properly." 

Superintendent Morford, who is him- 
self a blind man, would not discuss the 
-natter this morning beyond saying that 
Ir. MHler's letter did not do the home 

was&m ». *.. vrmjmmi §*>. 

ay. May gg, XSH» 



The new buildings of the Brooklyn 
Home for Blind, Crippled and Def>c 

b© dedicated on Monday, J un e 5 
Bishop Charles E. McDonnell will 
bless the building. 

All -the Catholics of Long Island 
have been invited to attend the ser- 
-wt v, A s P eclal fain will leave 
Flatbush avenue at. 10:08 o'clock 
reaching Port Jefferson in time for 
the services. 

Bishop McDonnell is chairman and 
the Rev. John C. York, of St. Pat- 
ricks Church, Huntington, is sec 
retary of the Board of Directors 

MONDAY, MAY 29, 1911. 



Small Piece of Animal's Cornea 

Grafted on the Diseased 


[Special Cable Dispatch to the Boston Herald.l 
PARIS, May 28— That a person totally 
blind from ophthalmia, even from birth, 
can be made to see by having part of a 
dog's eye grafted on his own was an- 
nounced by Dr. Borsch, an American 
oculist here, in a paper read before a 
meeeting of the French Ophthalmolog- 
ical Society this week. The doctor ex- 
plained that by blindness from ophthal- 
mia and from other causes, the cornea, 
which is the transparent membrane in 
the front of the eye, becomes opaque, | 
and in such a case the only chance of! 
restoring the sight is to replace the de- 
fective cornea by a healthy one. To do 
this, Dr. Borsch first operates on a dog, 
lays back from its eye the conjunctive! 
or skin of the eyeball surrounding the 
• cornea, removes a part of the latter and 
puts it aside in blood serum. He then 
performs the same operation on the 
patient's eye, removing a part of the 
front of the eye of the same side as the 
cornea taken from the animal. The 
dogs cornea is then put in position on 
the human eye and secured with stitches 
of the finest possible silk, the surround- 
ing skin, which had been laid back, be- 
ing brought into place over the edge of 
the cornea and also sewn. The new 
graft unites with The eye in a few days 
aided by a temporary glass cover to 
keep it in shape and by injections of 
the serum to stimulate vitality 

r. «tr*. savtotiki. (*••* 

Thursday, June 1, 1911. r 


Blind newsdealers, whtf have long 
suffered because the law under whioh 
they hold their stands at elevated sta- 
tions apparently forbade them to sup- 
plement their scanty earnings by sell- 
ing articles of merchandise, are to-day 

showering praise on former Deputy 
Attorney-General Maurice B Blumen- 
thal for his successful effort to provide 
them with relief 

Mr. Blumenthal, losing his vision par- 
tially several years ago, became inter- 
ested in the pitiful cases of blind news- 
dealers whose sale of papers do not 
support them, and made an exhaustive 
study of the law under which the 
Board of AJdermen grant licenses for 
news-stands He found that the law 
really excepts the blind from the lim- 
itation to sell only newspapers The 
attorney then laid his discovery be- i 
for the Corporation Counsel's office^ 
whioh has just rendered a forma 
opinion sanctioning his interpretatij 
of the law 


Saturday, June 3, 191t« 


Many Church Dignitaries Will 
Be Present At Obsequies 


GreOTreparations Being Made For the 

Opening of the Brooklyn Home For Blind 

Crippled and Defective Children, 

The new bltiTdiffgs?, which have 
been erected on Fairview hill for the 
Brooklyn Home JttfcJBJj*ui ta »,Cripple<j 
and Defective Children, in care of tti 
Daughters of Wisdom will be solemnl; 
blessed by the Rt. Rev. Charles E 
McDonnell, D. D., Bishop of th 
Diocese of Brooklyn, next Monday 
June 5. 

The Bishop, accompanied by othe 
dignitaries of the Diocese, escorted b; 
the board of directors of the home an< 
a large number of laymen will com 
on a special train arriving here a 
11:30 A. M. 

At their arrival the Rev. Clergy am 
laity will be welcomed by a committe 
of local members of the church 
line of march headed by the band o 
St. John's R. C. Orphan Aslylum, wil 
proceed to the new buildings. The 
ceremonies of the blessing will begin 
immediately upon arrival at the 

A light lunch will be served to the 
visitors from the city. Thereafter, the 
children of the Home will entertain 
the public by a short drama. "A little 
soul's entrance in Paradise." Ad- 
dresses will be made by Messrs. Mc- 
Goldrick, ex-president of the R. C. 
Orphan society, Arthur Somers and 
other gentlemen. 

The reverend Sisters 'and chuV'-^- 
have made great efforts to make of tms 
special celebration an enjoyable event, 
and they extend their cordial invita- 
tion to the residents of Port Jefferso 
and vicinity to witness the ceremoni 



Sunday, June 4, 1911, 



The blind of this city, wbo have 
•heretofore been prohibited from Felling 
goods such as oandlesi pens and pen- 
cils on the stands under the elevated 
railway stations throughout the city, 
will In the future, under an opinion 
rendered by the Corporation Counsel, 
be permlted to do so with the consent 
of the Mayqr to each application. 

This result has been obtained 
through the efforts of Harry E. Robin- 
eon of No. 164 West One Hundred and 
Twenty-ninth street, Wind for many 
years, who has been gratuitously as- 
ed by Maurice B. Blumeuthal, 
Deputy Attorney-General. 
-U p-ells periodicals and news- 
it a stand under the .stalrway 
of a Sixth avenue elevated railway 

An agitation had been begun by the 
blind venders to have permits granted 
•them to eell "goods" under the ele- 
vated stations, but their application 
to t >r and Board of Aldermen. 

was dei the ground that the 

law enly allows the ealo of news- 
papers and per 

Ri lesolved to endeavor to 

an amendment by the Legisla- 

: ed Mr. Blumentnal, who 

nation made of the 

law on the subject and found that the 

st for the last ten years, .has 

always permitted the sale of "goods" 

and ne*vsjSapers and magazines from the 

L stands conducted by blind persons, 

1 while if carried on by others only maga- 

id newspapers could be sold. 

I to the 
him t -poratiori 

isel, who sustained Mr. Blumetv 
tlial's conclusloi 




WiOOKLTN. N. T.. £AGL!9*%8i 

Monday, June 5, 19.11, 

Some of the Tots Who, Will Live at the Port Jefferson Home. 

Bishop Charles E. McDonnell will officiate to-day at the dedi- 
cation ceremonies of the new buildings at Port Jefferson, erected 
for the Brooklyn Home for Blind PrinnlpH and Defective Chil- 



w^w^mmrm^mmm'mm : l» « » w l, wh i iuiij ^ I w wc— ^ i i i iw w w ■ m twww^w^ww^ H J . ' ■ ma 1 1 ) u p* u >v 

The New Home for Defective Children, at Port Jefferson, 
^n^hich is in charge of the Daughters of % ^t 

S ^%S^Po?t 1 jT ff t e e r d s n n tfeUl'now has one hun- 

dred and sixty-eight inmates. -* 


CttA/eLa.YV6L, Ok^o , r-TT-e Sg 

Blind Seek Place on 
Jury List, but are 
Rejected by Board 

s T o Blind men on the common 
plqas juries. 

That is the announcement of 
the commission now trying to get 
a good list of jurors for the com- 
ing court year. 

The commission has turned 
down the application of Eugene S. 
King, president of the Cleveland 
association of the blind, to have 
members of the association serve 
as jurors. King handed in a list 
of blind men to County Clerk Sa- 
len with a request to present the 
names to the commission. The 
commission refused to consider 
them, explaining that instructions 
from Judge Foran forbade. 

"Blind men are admirably fitted 
to serve on juries in cases where 
the jury is not aske . to pass on 
signatures," said King. "The fact 
they are blind makes them depend 
on their hearing and consequently 
they would pay more attention to 
the cases than the average juror. 
Besides most of the blind are in 
need of money." 

» T. TWltrWB fSIWB 

Thursday, June iS t tWflliiiu^USS 


Princeton Graduate Praise 
Roommate for Success. 

Princeton, X. J.. June 14 (Special). - 
The feat of Ernest Paxton Janvier, c 
Philadelphia, who was graduated on Tuei 
day from Princeton with honors, Is on 
of the most remarkable ever performed i 
Princeton. Janvier is almost total! 
blind, and although he is able to find hi 
way around the Princeton campus witl 
out help lie has never been able to read 
\v«rd of print. 

Janvier received special honors 
philosophy, graduating cum laude. t 
declares that lie owes most of his su 
cess to James W. "Whaler, of Wilmin; 
j ton, Del., his roommate in the universit 
j At examination time he either took i 
oral "exam," or at. the dictation. of oi 
I of the professors took down the que 
tions on his typewriter, which put the 
in raised print form, so he could res 
them. Then lie wrote out the answers i 
his typewriter. He is now planning 
take a course in the theological semina; 
and go to India as a missionary. 


Thursday, June 8, 3911. 


Gustaf Forsberg Is 
Able to See Again 


Treatment Beneficial to Left 

Gustaf Forsberg, 5 Kosta street, who 
was sent to St. Vincent hospital about 
a month ago, unable to distinguish dark- 
ness from daylight, is now assured, he 
believes, of being able to see again with 
his left eye. 

Mr. Forsberg returned to his home in 
Qulnsigamond' a little over a week ago. 
At that time his eyes were covered,, with 
bondages, but at times, when the ban- 
dages were removed so that,. the., eyes 
m 1 gWtwr HM.itewttyd ;tevas able to see. 

Within the past few. days, ' Mr. Fors- 
berg's left eye, which was treated at the 
hospital, has showed such signs of im- 
provement that the bandages have been 
removed and an improvised dark-colored 
blinder has been put in their place. 

With this arrangement, Mr. Forsberg is 
able to see with ease, for the first time 
for almost two years, durintg which timt 
he relied np.on his sense of touch to find 
his way about. 

Mr. Forsberg entertains nttle hope of 
ever being 'able to .see wjtli.his right eye, 
physicians saying that it is impossible' to 
treat' it. 

Mr. Forsberg's fight, became impaired 
about five years ago. He was troubled 
with cataracts, and although operations 
were resorted to, they did little good. 

He is one of the oldest Swedish-speak- 
ing persons in Qulnsigamond, and was one 
Sof the first employed at the south branch 
of the American Ste°l & Wire Co. He is 
a pensioner of That company. 

m. t. vmm wtw 

Friday, .June 9t 1911. 



• of 'the New 7 

teentrr^freet Are Hu 




To the Editor of "the New Torli Times: 

I wish through the columns of your valuable 
paper to inform the public of a horrible case 
of police persecution. This concerns two blind 
men, who stJl gum in the entrance to the Sub- 
way cm Fourteenth Street facing Broadway. Of 
course, being blind, they do not know that 
they are sometimes in the way, and when on 
rainy days, they are joined by the umbrella 
man, who is also blind, a congestion In the 
Subway system takes place, to which some 
people object, not knowing that the gentlemen 
are blind. 

Now, Mr. Editor, for more than three months 
these poor blind peddlers have been annoyed 
by the police, until, not being able to sea, 
their ears have become so trained that when 
they hear a number eleven shoe stealing across 
Broadway, one of them darts down the Sub- 
way stairs and the other dives under an auto- 
mobile on Fourteenth Street, with an agility 
that Is wonderful, considering their Infirmity. 
Then when they hear the tread of the number 
eleven shoe fade pway into the corner saloon 
they are back on the Job in a twinkling. 

I suppose these poor gentlemen have not 
always been blind, because the one who stands 
in the middle of the entrance, glaring with his 
sightless eyes over the heads of the struggling 
throng on the stairs, has an absent-minded 
way of glancing at Intervals over his left 
shoulder, as' if a cop might be coming In his 
stocking feet, that is truly pathetic. 

Now I regret to say that I have not been 
altogether blameless in the persecution of these 
unfortunate persons. Not knowing that they 
were blind, I have complained to Police Head- 
quarters and to the station house over my 
telephone, and to the officer on Fourteenth 
Street, as I passed. And now, saddest of all, 
Mr. Editor, when I heard that there was a 
new Police Commissioner In Mulberry Street, 
and when I read in your valuable Sunday Mag- 
azine what a thorough person he was; that he 
had chased Datto Ali up the Cattabato River, 
and that he had taken tiffin with Mayor 
Brown and the Chief of Police in Manila, 
which, In itself, is a liberal education in mu- 
nicipal and police government, because there 
is always a chicken fight in the Mayor's bed- 
room direcly after tiffin, when the guests have 
to kick the chickens from under their chairs 
before they get busy, not knowing, Mr. Edlto.', 
that the'gentlemen were blind. I wrote a letter 
to the new Commissioner. 

I received a very prompt reply saying that 
m# complaint would be attended to, and I am 
sirry to say it was. Policeman 1,318 dragged 
>&ese afflicted, unconscious offenders to a 
court presided over by Judge Rosalsky. who is 
known to be the most tender-hearted Magistrate 
on the bench. Misled, at first, by false state 
ments made by the wicked officer, this kin 
Judge fined the prisoners $5 each, but who: 
they said they were blind he remitted thel 
fines, and gave them each $5 out of his pocket, 
and sent them back to their work, where they 
now are. and I hope that the suffering public, 
when the days are hot and long and the Sub 
Is choked, will remember that tho gen 



Uemen are blind. 
New York, June 8, 1911. 


VM f 


Saturday, June 10, ^911, 


Unusual Entertainment to Be Given 

at the Woman's Clubhouse 

Monday Evening 

The pathos of blindness, especially 
to a person of artistic genius, is the 
subject of tihe Italian drama "II 
Cieco," which will be presented at the 
Lynn Women's clubhouse CtoadtoMtopp 
June 12, at S o'clock in the evening W- 

by the Italian Dramatic company, ■ 

under the direction of Ufoaldo Guddl. fM 

The drama was written by Prof. P. jg$ 

Bernadini, the between acts selections , 

to be mandolin solos by Prof. S. Ger- $#■ ^ 

ardi, operatic numbers by Miss Di ' s 

Clerico, with Prof. F. Barone as ac- 
companist. '"/^ 
A treat is promised on this occa* p|>§ 
sion, when the finely trained dramatic |||| 
company will present this touching I ' 
drama with all the pathos for which f^SI 
the Italian is famous as the true ex- 
ponent, and as the piece has been the 
subject of long and aruous study and 
•rehearsal and has been given several 
times with unqualified success and 
upprpval, the people of Lynn are sure 
to find an opportunity for an even- 
ing's entertainment of a most unusu- 
al order and of much merit. 

A most realistic part of the play 
will be the. portrayal of the he, 
Luisa, by Alfred Pellino, who is him- 
self blind, and the beneficiary of tlhe 
(evening, and will therefore add to 
his talent for fine acting the genudne 
««mb>*l2 of a genius roWbed of the In- 
estimable gift of sight, with the con- 
tra part of Adele, given vivid and iw ifUiMWj&JUA* 

.touching translation by the talented 
Madame M'auMlde Florenzfe. Tihe pro- 
gress of the play centering about 
these two, with Nino Calahro In the 
strong leading character of Baron 
Gustavo Varneiiri, will afford a treat 
seldom presented in this city. 

Already a large sale of tickets 
guarantees the success of the per- 
formance, and much pleasurable anti- 
cipation is felt by those who have 
nod to attend. 
The full cast is as follows: 
Bar. Gustavo Varnleri. Nino Oalabro' 

Luisa, sua moglie A. Pellino 

Adele, loro figlla . . Mntilde Ftiorenza 
Giulio Ferramdinl,. . avvocWo D. PiMa 
Pi'.-tro Merandd .... G. Di Benedictis 

Celeste, sua figlla G. Sohcimbry 

Vittirlo Sdlvegnl Alfredo Pellino 

Mg,ria A. Repipucci 

Tin Miarinaio F. M«zzon£ 

How Samuel B. Moore, 

Sightless, Plays a 

Part in Life. 




"To be blind no longer carries the im- 
plication of dependence." In thes*. 
sturdy words Samuel B. Moore, whob« 
sightless eyes "for the past throe years 
have confined him to his home in Flat- 
bush, voiced the difference that the past 
few years' development in education for 
the blind has made. 

For nearly twenty years Mr. Moore 
was a newspaper man, and for several 
years he was stenographer for the Flat- 
hush Police Court. Some three years 
ago his sight began to fail and blindness 
followed- For months he was carried 
on the ioity payroll, lmt when all hope 
that Ids' sight would be restored was lost, 
he wife, dropped. He was able to dis- 
tingil^iK light from darkness, but that 
was Tine" months ago light became 

as dar1rt©\j; to him. Ilis son has led him 
w henovfl^ V has gone out. 

r « 


"I lindlgjBere are several things which 
have beJwne deeply impressed on my 
mind," continued Mr. Moore. "One of 
these is the undeniable fact that the edu- 
cation of the blind in ways of usefulness 
and self-support is not only no longer 'in 
its experimenta stage, but has advanced 
far beyond the confines to which its most 
hopeful advocates restricted it not very 
lonsr ago. 

"Usually, to be sure, to be blind calls 
for a change from methods employed, 
when sightful, in order to be self-support- 
ing, in those not sightless from birth, but 
with the other class— those who have 
never been blessed with powers of vision 
—the absence of sight is but a slight hin- 
drance to a successful career and the 
earning of remuneration sufficient to 
maintain one not of extravagant tastes 
and habits. 

•'The wide scope of employment now 
open to and taken advantage of by the 
blind impresses every thoughtful person 
by reason of its almost vast cornpre-' 
hensiveness. For the well and the poorly, 
educated alike there are ways and means 
of earning by honest labor the requisites 
of self-sustenance. The blind are not 
pauperized: they are helped to help them- 
selves. Therein lies the glory which has 
crowned the efforts of those true exem- 
plars of Christian charity, the men and 
women who have devoted much time and 
thought to the work, and have been lib- 
eral in their money contributions to prose- 
cute the work. 

"To accommodate one's self to changed 
conditions is the main principle involved 
with tliose who have once been sightful 
when it comes to the point of acquiring 
the technical skill or other requirements 
necessary to earn a livelihood. This is 
not a difficult task if the person to whom 
it fall be possessed of means ample to 
provide for him or her until the wage 
productive stage be reached. In cases 
of the other class the chief obstruction 
is the daily and nightly worry over 
what will become of me if 1 fail to fi 
myself for remunerative employment, an 
how can I get akmg until I am fitte 
for and find such employment? 

"The don't worry idea is impossible 
of application. 'As well try to cloy tha 
sharp edge of appetite with mere imagi« 
nation of a feast.' And one who has es« 
saved to learn either the braille or th« 
New York point system of reading ana 
writing while under mental strain in< 
duced by a discouraging outlook for till 
future will concur. I learned stenog> 
raphy at fifteen and practiced it profea 
sionally until I lost my sight. As 1 
view it. that was the only one of mani 
studies as difficult of successful and 
competent acquirement as the learning 
of braille reading and writing whiU 
laboring under mental anxiety and dis* 


Tuesday, June 13, 1911. 

Play by Italian Dramati 
Club of Boston Affords 
a Rare Treat 

A rare treat was afforded to persons 
familiar with the iniiar. uns^'asa-*?* 1 
Mondav evening ait the Lynn women's 
clubhouse when the Italian Drairoaitic 
dub of Boston present' 1 the pathetic 
syedy "II CJeeo" »ath Alfredo Prt- 
lino in the principal male pare and Ma- 
tibde Fiorenza as Adele, both being 
very bifeh class in their portrayals of 
the difficult characters a.r.d receiving 
unbounded gr.piplause in appreciation or 
their excellent work. 

(I(he whole casit was finely given by 
the member, of the club and t'he play,! 
even to those not understanding the 
language, vas so grapWroaUj: acted 
that the thread of the pi o.t cotfra easily 
be followed, all of the acting bains 
exceedingly well done and very effec- 

The pathos of a man of fine charac- 
ter but bereft of his sight, loving with 
deepest ardor his wife, 'out finding 
he has been by a pretended; 

friend who he finally killed, was all' 
told by Mr. Peilini, who, baing blind 
himself, could well 'express all the fine 
points that make the character one 
of the most touching to be battceffved'. 
The part of Adele was also given with 
aiU the feeling of a wife overcome 
with her passion for a young and ar- 
dei t lov3t, awaking too late to a 
reaUzie'th n of what it meant for the 
blind husband to discover by the hidden 
sense s made accute hi the blind, that 
his love was unoor'j'nily bestowed. 

Between the acts eplendlid recitations 
Bird vocal selections were given by 
Ubaldo Guiia'i, the manager, who was 
vo -if'Tously recalled each time, there, 
being mandolin selections by Prof. S. 
Gei nnpanied by one of his pu- 

pils en the guitar, Prof. F. Barone 
tributing a number of classical se- 
lection;; on the piano, all of which re- 
ceived appreciative applause. 

It was a splendid entertainment and 
fully appreciated, there being a num- 
ber of ushers from the Italian Natu- 
ralization club, consisting of S. Pe- 
r.ilta. A. Antclini, G. Bellxmo, 3. Pe- 
ta, P Cdv'ino, G. Ga.ngi. G. Petrone 
and K. Uniaverini. the dwty of t.reas- 
ur:i rnd cashier 
Iby L. Cucci. 

, ITEft 

■>.y, June .13, 1911. 



"II Cieco," or "The Blind MSn," was 
produced on the stage of the Lynn 
Vi'omen's clubhouse, Monday evefjing 
by the Italian Dramatic Co. of Bos- 
ton, under the direction of Ubaldi 
Guila. It is. a picturesque and affect- 
ing drama for which the artistic 
genius of Ermete Zacconi won for the 
first time a triumphal success on the 
stage of the Gerbino at Turin. The 
Lynn performance must also take 
rank a s a highly artistic production, 
end also as an eminently realistic one, 
for the chief part was played by Al- 
fred Pellino, a young man who lias 
ately lost his sight It was a bene- 
it for Mr. Pellino and it was a pure- 
y Italian audience which responded 
:o the charitable appeal. The com- 
pany had given a previous production 
successfully at Union hall, Boylston 
street, Boston. 

Not often is an audience r<:ore 
enthusiastic and demonstrative than 
•vas this one toward leading members 
if the cast. Such recognition would 
urn dizzy a hardened English-speak- 
ng actor. • 

Mrs. Mathilde Florenza sustained 
well the part of Adele, who, through 
sympathy, marries trie blind mar. in 
the first act. In the second act she 
iealizes she has made a mistake and 
is in love with a young lawyer, Giulio 
Ferrandir.i, a part played with fine 
effect bv D. Pilla of Lynn. In the 
third ac; the blind m^n discovers the 
intrigue of his supposed friend and 
ir the fourth act the show closes with 
the lawyer dead, shot by the blind 
man. Supporting members of the 
cast are: Xino Calabro and Mrs. Ap- 
pellino, as father and mother of 
Adele: G. DiBenedictis, as P-etro 
Merandi, and very comical in his story 
telling and jokes; Miss G. Schembry, 
appearing as a pronajneed blondo In 
the part of Celeste, and M'ss Ling 8. 
Calabro as the maid. 

Between the acts there were man- 
dolin selections by Prof. S. Gerard; of 
Lynn and piano solo.t by Prof. F. 
Barone of Lynn. Owing to her Indis- 
position, Miss Di Cierico was not 
hawd in operatic solos 

beiimig ably performed 




muLWTA, qa.. ok 


wnKt..-Kt.. fwwriR^e tsn^r 


Friday, June -iS, 3911, 

Wednesday,, June 23, 191V. 


Triumphs of (he Blind 
, S*me V our older readers can hark back to the time 
[ \J rilo MAIN I Al 1 AlINFrlilrIN 1 uk hen a blill d person was condemned to live in almost 

complete iBHSWWR»k,darkness, when, the only refuge 
from ennui was through the services of some friend and 

Paul Donehoo's Career a Lesson to Shame Seeing Men Who,"' hen almost every gate of <w tUQit y *i* dosed 

hgainst them. Today we have the spectacle of a blind 

Say They "Had Hard Luck"— He's a Musician, Knows 

Medicine and Holds Good Office. 

When the degree of bach 'lor of law 
1s conferred upon the graduates of the 
Atlanta Law school Monday night at 
the Grand theater, Coroner Paul Don- 
ehoo will add another to his long list of 

Despite the fact that for years he has 
suffered from the most terrible of af- 
flictions — blindness — Coroner Donehoo 
has served Fulton county for two terms 
as efficiently as any man who ever held 
the office. 

He learned that in pursuit of the du- 
ties the use of the typewriter, for the 
tabulation of evidence, would aid him. 
He learned to use the typewriter. 

Fond of music since boyhood, he be- 
came at an early age an expert piano 
plaver. and one of the most familiar 
sigh** in Atlanta several years ago was 
Paul Donehoo at the piano in a motion 
picture theater. He teaches the piano 
successfully and recently graduated a 

While coroner he has made a partial 
study of medicine and while not a grad- 
uate physician, there are few doctors in 
Atlanta that can put anything over on 
him in the rudiments of the science 
required in his position as coroner. 

His graduation from the Atlanta 
Daw school, the receiving of a degree 
in law is undoubtedly the biggest thing 
he has ever done, a thing that few 
blind men have ever done. It means 
years of toil and study even for a stu- 
dent egulpped with every requirement. 
For Paul Donehoo it is a superb tri- 

Mr. Donehoo finds his way about the 
crowded streets easily, and seldom asks 
pven the aid of a hand at a crossing. 


man in the United States Senate, of a deaf, dumb and 
blind girl, who was graduated from college and is mak- 
ing a name in literature, of 300 blind persons gathered 
in this city, not so much to commiserate on their terrible 
plight as to exchange congratulations and extend the 
uplift that is possible to all who sit in physical darkness. 

There are 100,000 blind persons in this country, most 
of them congenitally so and owing to diseased parents. 
Only 5000 of these are cared for in public institutions, 
but others are far from living in dependence or discon- 
tent. Books are now made for the blind which cover a 
wide range of literature. Avocations and some vocations 
are open to them which were impossible a generation 
ago. Civilization has few triumphs equal to what it has 
done for the derelict and especially for the blind. It is 
especially noteworthy that nearly everyone of the dele- 
gates here is engaged in some useful and profitable occu- 

In the New York Institution for the Deaf and Dumb 
last week the graduating honors were taken by two 
girls, who were both deaf and blind. Think of this, ye 
young men who insist that there is no chance left in the 
world, that the great corporations have swallowed up 
all opportunities and young men are nothing more than 
minute cog-wheels in a mighty machine. There never 
was a time, never shall be a time, when perseverance, 
intelligence and grim determination are not to bring re- 
wards. The trouble w^th many young men is that they 
want to get the rewards of life without the struggle, to 
get the cake before they have the penny. Success comes 
by going after it, not by waiting idly until it 
along. It never arrives for 'such. 




Bi owns Valley 






w. ». «romw. fsrv ■"■ 

day, . 1911, 

ewndajft isnjiae e* isn. 

afrly fi- 

.•va*. *0R CRIPPLES^ 

Public attention is now fairly" di- 
rected toward ameliorating the condi- 
tion of the bJjmJ^by educating his 
mind and his hands, that he may be 
a self-supporting individual, of worth 
to the community and relieved to a 
degree of the" misery of his condition I 
by having open to him opportunities , 
for occupation and interest. Similar 
attention is now being called to the j 
need of cripples for training that will 
put them on an independent basis. ( 
This is not merely a philanthropic 
movement. The medical profession is 
interested, to conserve the mental 
health of those who might through 
idleness deteriorate; the economists j 
are interested, to make self-supporting 
those who might otherwise become 
charges upon the community. A hu- 
man being has too large possibilities 
as an investment to be allowed to go 
to waste, and this the economic world 
is now recognizing to the same degree 
that for a much longer time the re- 
ligious agencies have taken heed of 
his moral needs. 

The Journal of the American Medi- 
cal association tells of a school es- 
tablished in France at the instigation 
of a couple of doctors where work- 
men injured at their trades are given 
opportunity to learn some other oc- 
cupation possible to their maimed con- 
dition. Among the trades taught are 
brushmaking, the making of paper 
boxes, wood-turning, binding, steno- 
graphy and typewriting, drawing and 
other forms of manual training. The 
great possibilities open through train- 
ing to the cripple are suggested in the 
Statement that at this school in ; 
Charleroi a man with both arms am- 
putated near the shoulders has been 
trained to follow, by means of a 
mechanical appliance about his neck, 
the trade of a wood turner and that 
an individual with both hands gone 
has been enabled to make brushes. 

There has recently been opened in 
New York a school to teach cripples 
maimed in their legs the jewelry 
trade, and great skill is reported as ( 
being developed by many of the pupils, 
who show real zest for the work, glad 
to find something to do, both to oc- 
cupy their minds and guarantee a 
livelihood. For both blind and maim- 
ed the interest must increase and the 
effort multiply, that they may be 

ilini iiB ■ ■ i ii i n i m i m i n mum mw i i 


For the Poor, the Sick, 
~h~ theBlind 

Forty -Two Years Work of the New 
York Flower Mission 

•Camma a flower, lady.'" 

23» lady had an armful of flowers, but 
sha Hboofe her head smilingly and kept 
oh toward First avenue, hoping that 
some one else from the New York Flower 
Minion who had flowers to spare would 
pass that way soon. 

The flowers she oarried were done up 
in three bunches intended for three in- 
valids living in tenements, to whom their 
arrival meant, she decided, a good deal 
more than one blossom would mean to 
the little girl in the street. 

"We just have to stop our ears to such 
requests," the lady said regretfully on 
returning to the mission for more flowers 

to take up town, "or else we should arrive 
empty handed at the hospital or tenement 
we were aiming for. 

"One of the bouquets was for a woman 
with an taourable ailment who prefers to 
stay at home with her chitairen and hus- 
band so long as she can richer than go to 
a hospital. She looks forward to the ar- 
rival of her big bunch «f garden flowers 
once a week, sometimes twice a week, all 
summer long with the pleasure of a child, 
and I try to arrange that she is never dis- 
appointed. We have many varieties of 
garden flowers sent to us and no two 
weeks are her bouquets exactly alike." 

Mondays and Thursdays from June to 
October are distributing days at the New 
York Flower Mission, the oldest organi- 
zation of its kind in New York and the 
pioneer of several similar societies. Forty- 
two years ago Miss Frances L. Russell 
and her sister appealed to their friends 

to send in garden flowers during the sum- 
mer, promising to distribute them among 
the poor and the sick. At first a very 
few boxes oame and the contents were 
sorted in a small room back of a grocery 
store provided by All Souls Unitarian 
Church, which sponsored the project. 
That was the start of the mission. Its 

present headquarters are in a basement 
room of the church at Fourth avenue 
and Twentieth street. 

Many boxes of flowers arrive there now 
during the summer, although the man- 
ager says they never have nearly enough 
flowers and that there is always a dis- 
couraging dearth of volunteer workers 
to distribute them. The work of the 
Flower Mission has appealed even to the 
sympathies of the unsentimental express 
companies to the extent of causing them 
to carry free in summer for a distance 
of fifty miles packages intended for the 
mission and to deliver them promptly. 
A bunch of flowers is the only tip a driver 
ever gets and as a general thing he seems 
as well pleased as if he had received a 
dollar bill. 

Spread out on the tables of a recent 
Thursday were daisies, phlox, sweet 
william, woodbine, pink, white and red 
roses, crimson ramblers and at least 
twenty more varieties of garden flowers 
fresh almost as when picked, some still 
in their boxes, others taking shape as 
neat little bunches destined for beds in 
hospital wards. 

A shadow darkens the windows and an 
expressman descends the steps with three 
more boxes. His book is signed and then 
comes the usual question: "Care to have 
a few flowers?" the questioner adding: 
"Have you a wife?" 

"Not till to-night, ma'am," says the 
man, getting red to his cap band. 

"A wedding!" the manager exclaims. 

The heaps of flowers oh -the table are 
dissected, the boxes overhauled in search 
of white flowers and the workers cry 
"What a pity we have so few white flowers 
on hand to-day!" as the man goes out 
holding carefully aloft an imposing bunch 
of white and pink blossoms. 

The work of unpacking goes on. One 
of the newly arrived boxes is from 'the 
wife of a financier who has a country 
house on the Hudson. A small note in 
a childish handwriting is discovered rest- 
ing on the top layer of flowers of the second 
box, which contains woodbine, carnations 
and pink roses. 

"Please," runs the note, "I should like 
these flowers to go to sick children." 

"So they shall," says the woman in 
charge of the mission. "We shall send 
them to a children's ward of one of the 
city's hospitals." 

A volunteer worker busily turning over 
the piles of flowers beams as the third 
box when opened discloses a layer of 
epiendid, exceptionally fragrant pink 



"Just what I was looking for," she ex- 
claims. "I am going to visit several blind 
persons to-day, and the sweetest flowers 
are always reserved for the blind. 

"If we have time we out off all the 
thorns from the roses. This bunch shall 
go to a blind girl and her mother, Ger- 
mans, who- live in a two room flat, with 
Italians on one side and a French family 
on the other side. 

"They are lonely and very poor, and 
just now the mother is laid up with a 
sprained ankle and is very downhearted. 
When I took her a bouquet last Monday 
Bhe called out in German ' Oh, the flowers! ' 
before I got near her bed, and she almost 
hugged them. The daughter was just as 
pleased too. 

"Yes, the blind enjoy flowers more 
than others, I think, especially if theyare 
fragrant. They feel the leaves and in- 
hale the odor with every appearance of 
keen delight." 

. One of the volunteers goes toward the 
door carrying a large uncovered box filled 
with small nosegays. She is on her way 
to an old ladies' home uptown, and stops 
a minute to say: 

"It is a long time since they had any 
flowers from us and the old ladies do en- 
joy so much having each a small bouquet - 
The only exception I ever met was an old 
lady of 87 who told me T don't care for. 
any more earthly flowers, I shall soon go 
to a place where there will be finer flowers 
than anything you have here.' 

"Al one home I visit which takes both 
men and women it is almost pathetic to 
Bee the eagerness shown by some of the 
old men to get even a tiny bunch of 
flowers. Sometimes I have cause to think 
that men like flowers better than women 
do. Last week, for instance, I went to an 
old folks' home which I had not visited 
since this time last year, when it seems 
I gave one of the old men a bouquet 
containing a sprig of geranium which 
some kind soul had out evidently from 
a sturdy rose geranium plant. 

"Instead of throwing the sprig away 
when the flowers wilted the old fellow 
planted it, watered it, tended it, coaxed 
it to grow, with the result that on my 
second visit he called to me and proudly 
displayed a thrifty little geranium plant 
growing in a pot on his windowsill.' 
= "I have noticed the same thing, " said 
a Bible reader who helps to distribute 
the flowers and who for ten years has 
made the canal boats her special care. 
Before she took them up no one, so far 
as she knew, had ever offered a flower to 
any woman or child on these boats and 
she took up the task with some trepida- 

"I felt very timid and a little fright- 
ened," said she, "as I approached a group 
of children and their mother sitting out- 
side the cabin of one boat and held out 
my box with the nosegays. 

'" 'Would you like to have one?' I asked. 

"At first they did nothing but shake 
their heads. Finally, as I continued to 
hold out a bunch, one said, 'We have no 
money.' They thought I was selling the 
f owers. 

"Sometimes when I can't get near 
enough to a boat to climb on board easily 
or I haven't time for it I toss the bouquet 
for some one to catch, and if it tumbles 
in the water you ought to see how they 
scramble to fish it out with a boat hook. 

"Some of the occupants of the boats 
know me so well now that when they 

" 'We had it in our garden at home,' 
she told me. 

"No, my arms do not get tired till night. 
The excitement makeo me forget how 
heavy a box is till the work is done. 
Thep sometimes they do ache ." 

A worker who has filled a box with thirty 
small nosegays says that she is going to 
a mother's meeting in connection with the 
Church of the Sea and Land in Henry 
street. Then the attention of the manager 
is claimed by a blind woman who comes 
in led by a little girl. 

"I'm late to-day," she says cheerfully, 
"but not too late to go to the home for 
the destitute blind in Amsterdam avenue." 

"I thought you would not fail," is the 


have been away from New York for some 
months and oome back they send me 
word, knowing that I will go to them as 
soon as I can with a bunch of flowers. 

"But what surprises me most is the 
way dockhands, rough men often, beg 
for flowers as I pass along with my box. 

" 'Got one for me, missus?' one and 
another will ask, and I always answer. 
I wish I had.' " 

As she talked the Bible reader was 
filling two boxes each nearly a yard long 
with sprays of flowers, including many 
roses, laying them in carefully without 
bunching. No, these were not for the 
boats. She was taking them to the 
maternity ward of a hospital on Black- 
well's Island. 

"A spray of flowers goes on each bed," 
it was explained, "and the pleasure they 
will give more than pays for the trouble 
of carrying them so far on a hot day. 
Some of the young mothers in the ward 
are country bred, and the garden flowers 
touch them aa no flowers from a winter 
greenhouse could. 

" 'Oh, look at' he sweet william,' cried 
a girl at my last ■% isit as I reached her bed, 
and when "I put a bunch of it in her hand 
she pressed it against her lips and th€> 
tears came to her eves. 

"Yes, this blind woman is a volunteer 
worker, one of the most enthusiastic we 
have. By having a child to lead her she 
can go anywhere in Manhattan carrying 
flowers," the manager explains. 

"Be very careful," she tells a lady who 
has stopped in to ask how flowers should 
be sent from the country, "to send by an 
early train on Mondays and Thursdays 
only. Otherwise the flowers will be 

"Stems of flowers should be out not 
more than eight inches long and the 
flowers should be well sprinkled and cov- 
ered with wet newspapers when packed. 
Packages must not weigh more than 
twenty pounds." J 





^nrfay, July 3, 1911. 

*sJohn Keating, a blind man- ^*5,S ! 

l^iLm North street near the American 
liouseSriilse Saturday afternoon by an 
expresTWm. One of the wheels passed 
over the right foot, smashing two ot tne 
?oes so badly that the ends were ampu- 
tated at the House of Mercy.. Keating is 
on cloyed in the shop maintained by the 
c mn Lsion for the bind, and with a com- 
panion, who is alsrblind. has been ac- 
customed to go about the streets without a 
guide Saturday afternoon they were 
crossing the street, and stepped out of 

.Jhe way of one team into ar n 



"If the blind leads the blind, both shall fall 
into the ditch" was an old saying, but the story 
of the remarkable blind man, told in Thursday's 
Post-Dispatch, proves that it all depends upon 
the man himself, and that there are blind men 
capable of leading men with sight. 

A man who has built an airdome and a seven- 
room house with his own hands, who is a vio- 
linist and piano tuner, an inventor, a farmer, a 
carpet weaver, a broom maker and a horse trader, 
and who is not afraid to tackle any problem, is 
a splendid example to the thousands of men and 
women with good eyesight who are constantly 
on the verge of despair because they find life so 

hard to live. 

This blind man's philosophy is worth keeping 

in mind. He says: 

The whole thing: is to keep at it. I have 
never waited for the other fellow to come 
along and take me to it. I've always been 
able to do about anything anybody else could 
do, A blind man just feels his way out of a 
difficulty. ' • 

Don't whine over your "bad luck, but go anc 

do likewise. 


Monday, July 10, 1911. 

J, P. MORGAyp 

NEW YORK. July 10.— UfWCvTr- 
ginia Marie Burblge, who at the age of 
6 months was made a life member of 

the Matrnpill^^^ifiwim flf g,rt -.of J. 

P. Morgan, who paid the necessary 
$5000 fee because he became infatu- | 
ated with the pretty eyes of the child,: 
is today sightless, and her third birth- 
day anniversary has been anything! 
but a pleasant one. 

The pretty little blue eyes which sol 
captivated the multi-millionaire are 
now unable to distinguish light from 
darkness. In the basement home of 
her parents at 316 A Hart street, 
Brooklyn, the child yesterday enjoyed 
what little she could of life by sitting 
near the window underneath the side- 
walk and eating pieces of candy neigh- 
bors brought her. 

Physicians declare that Virginia is 
too young to be operated on and there 
is nothing left for her parents to do 
but to wait until the time arrives for 
her to be taken to the hospital and 
stand the sting of the surgeon's lance. 

The little girl's grandfather also cel- 
ebrated his birthday yesterday and 
with the blind girl for a companion 
made the most of the day. 

There is but 147 life members of the 
museum, and of this number the ma- 
jority are wealthy men and women. 
Virginia has received many invitations 
to call at the homes of these people, 
but her parents have always declined, 
because, as they told a reporter, "Vir- 
ginia cannot see, she has not the prop- 
er clothes to wear, and these persons 
don't want to be bothered with a 
blind girl." 

WFmiTT, MICK., n 3s (»90* 

Sunday,- July 16/ 1914V 



It Shines Brightly From Eyes That Can- 
iot See and Comes From a Heart 


Iie town of Leonia, in New Jersey, a brief 
way from the white Palisades that line the 
Hudson, a, .blind girl is keeping a light- 

Out of that lighthouse shines a long ray ot 
public spirit. From it, too, rays forth the long 
beam of development of talent. Flashes from 
a bright line of humor. Steadily, constantly 
pours from it the soft, light of content. And 
steady as the heart of light from which all 
these radiate is the stream of her unselfish- 

-nteen, the age when girls are wearing 
their fir'st long frocks, and arc Qg over 

their first beau, this girl is blind. She has 
beer blind for eight years. Yet ask anyone in 
th< about Edith Hardy, and he will tell 

you that no one in Leonia has visions quite 
as clear as hers. 

Last week she was led upon the stage of the 
town hall, and turning large, soft eyes it was 
hard to believe were sightless, upon 'he ami 
e. she sang an aria in English, then another 

■in a German opera. Sang it, why do you 
suppose? To raise funds for her own musical 
education? For her support? For her own 
jaunt to Europe to attend the coronation? No, 
to help Leonia's sister town South Englewood, 
to secure a five-cent fare to Edgewater, which 
would mean a ten-cent fare to New York. 

Edith Hardy never sits at home and mopes 
about her troubles as do some other Leonians 
and indeed many people the world over. She 
is much too busy. She is hard at work tutor- 
ing pupils in music at the Institute for the 
Blind in New York, where she was educated. 
Then she must write a dozen or more letters 
on. the typewriter every day to keep in pr 
in this" useful art. For a few hours a day s 
permits herself to "be a book worm, devouring 
the Braile point books, out of which she fa 
derived a fund of information not possessed 
by many women of seven and twenty. 

She has a happy disposition, and even the 
affliction of her incurable sightlessness is 
gilded by a sense of humor. "I believe blind- 
ness is a blessing,'' she laughs. "It keeps us 
sightless folk from seeing so much that 
would do us no good to see." 

And there- are so many persons to be helped 
and cheered, so many persons whose blind- 
ness is of a different sort than hers bee; 
is the sight turned inward. There are her 
pupils at the Institute who in the midst of 
their feeling for the keys on the piano let 
their hands fall with a hopeless, crashing 
sound. on the keyboard and burst into sobs of 
despair The seventeen-year-old teacher is 
quite used to this sort of discords in l 
music lessons. Tl me, from those who are 

newly blind, that gi*eat class who in the first 
two years of their blindness contemplate sui- 
cide and must be led out of that path of 
thought. She is so busy thinking of them, and 
of the "blue" persons with sight who are really 
more blind than she, that she never has a mo- 
ment to think of herself. 

So this young girl to whom the world is for- 
ever dark has become a dispenser of light. 
She has burst the prison of self. Blind, she 
keeps a lighthouse for those who see. 

Her eyes were brilliant. There was a pink 
flush in her cheeks after the concert. She 
listened with a preoccupied smile to the com- 
pliments paid her voice and answered in the 
same preoccupied way the questions abqut her 
personal plans. She would go on with her 
music. "Oh, yes." She would study music all 
her life, and teach it, she hoped. 

But she turned abruptly from that topic to 
the one of the evening, much closer, it seemed. 

~ to her heart. 

The funds raised that evening would be used 
to pay the lawyer to make an appeal to the 
Public Utilities Commission to have the street 
car fare reduced. Wouldn't it be splendid when 
that was done? The clerks and other salaried 
men colild save so much if the fare were re- 
duced Their wives could afford to go to town 
oftener to shop and their children to go to 
the city for matinees. Oh, it would 
splendid! . , .. m . t 

The Ions: ray of public spirit and the sot' 
r-adiance of unselfishness met and mingled in 
A beautiful glow. The blind lighthouse keeper 
Keeps her wick trimmed and burning. 


W. T. OLOBE r2«88) 

Monday, July 17, 1$11_. 




— — ___-^_ 

Pilgrims Come Long Distances 
to Little Church in East 76th 
Street to Kiss the Relic. 


Over on the upper east side, in a quaint 
little brick church, built a great many 
years ago by French monks, and now in 
charge of a modest, retiring little band 
of French priests, several hundred people 
to-day demonstrated that the faith and 
devotion of the crusaders of the Middle 
Ages is not dead. 

Many of these pilgrims came long dis- 
tances—all of them are poor— hoping that 
their prayers to St. Ann would work the 
miracle which "—Jfrfffft tt)mi f T — the 
bondage of disease. Anions the pilgrims 
there were crippled children with their 
parents, blind men with their sons, epi- 
leptics and unfortunates suffering, from 
all manner of physical affliction. 

The little French Church of St. Jean 
Baptiste, the basement of which is de- 
voted to the shrine of St. Ann, was 
crowded from early morning. One by one 
the afflicted accompanied by friends or 
parents went forw.ard to the altar rail 
and there knelt and kissed the relic of 
St. Ann — a small piece of bone from the 
body of the saint— praying that she may 
ntercede with them at the throne of the 
Llmighty and procure for them the "fa- 
or" of cure. 

There were no cures to-day. The de- 
out little men who have given their life 
j this church declare that it is too early 
1 the novena for the "favors," but that 
hey will surely come. 
In former years pilgrims have come to 
he shrine from far distant lands. Some_ 
ave come from across the water, others 

rom California. On either side of the 
brine are huge racks filled with crutches, 
races, and other material, evidence of 
ast "favors." 

East Seventy-sixth street in the vicinity 
f TMrd avenue had the appearance of 
he Jnrrounds of those great shrines in 
or«n lands which attract thousands of 
>i^ims. All the full length of the street 
m Third avenue to the little brick 

urch w r ere little booths presided over 
>y old ladies, where a prayerbook, a. 
•rucifix, or any religious token or imaged 
:ould be purchased. 

Among the pilgrims from other cities 
were Owen L. Garrity, with his wife 
and daughter, from Pittsburg. The 
daughter, who is twenty, is the afflicted 
one, and the good father and mother 
brought her to the shrine of St. Ann 
that she may be cured. 

Father Gaudet, a queer little priest 
who is in charge of the church during 
the absence in Europe of the rectojr, 
Father A. Letellier, shrinks from the 
thpught of publicity in connection with 
tMs novena. 

It is wholly a religious event," ho 

id, "and we do not like to talk too 

uch about our devotion. The primary 

bject of the novena is not the cure, 
t is a nine-day session of prayer in 
. reparation for ,the feast of St. Ann. 
Favors are sometimes granted to those 
who come to pray, - but we never take 
any account of them. If the people want 
to tell about them that is their affair. 

'"At the novena last year there were 
several very good cures,, but I cannot 
talk about them. Then, too, during the 
venr many people have come to us and 
told us of cures that have come as the 
result of their prayers at the novena." 

"While the priests will not talk tjiere 
many members of the little prtrisji 
o are ready to tell remarkable stori* 
crutches cast aside and afflictions-^ 
'all sorts swept away. 




Hope To Better Business Of Boston 


Daniel C.Fisher Will Demonstrate 
His New Textile Machin- 
ery in Europe. 

Daniel C. Fisher, the blind inventor, 
will leave Boston next Tuesday on the 
Cunard liner, Franconia, and with him 
will be his wife and daughter, Miss 
Mary A. Fisher, a court stenographer. 
Mr. Fisher intends to take along some 
of his textile machinery, which he will 
demonstrate to the manufacturers of 
Europe during his two months' stay 
there. Mr. Fisher's object is largely to 
advertise the fact that Boston manu- 
factures textile machinery and it is his 
hope to make it the greatest port In 
the world for machinery of that kind. 
He feels certain that his new textile 
machines will revolutionize the cotton 

Mr. Fisher is a native of Hinsdale, 
N. H., where he was born about 60 
years ago. Two-thirds of his life he 
has spent in Boston. About nine years 
ago he became totally blind, but he re- 
newed his efforts in machinery inven- 
tion and has accomplished wonderful 


Friday, July 21, .1011. 


Boston Man Will Extfibit 

His Cotton Machinery 


When the giant liner, Franconia de- 
parts for foreign shores Tuesday she 
will carry away as cabin passengers 
Daniel C. Fisher, the blind inventor of j 
textile machinery, of this city, his wife ; 
and daughter. Miss Mary A. Fisher, a 
court stenographer. The trio are going 
to Europe for a two months' sojourn. 

"But the trip is not for pleasure 
alone," said Mr. Fisher to a Journal 
reporter at his home, 10 Thane street, 
Dorchester, last night. 

"I am going to bring along textile 
machinery and demonstrate it to the 
folks on the continent in an effort to 
better the business of Boston. This city 
is the greatest city for the manufac- 
turing of textile machinery in the 
United States," went on the inventor, 
"and I have hopes of it becoming the 
greatest city in this line in the whole 
world. My invention will revolutionize 
the manufacture of cotton industry." 

Mr. Fisher is a native of Hinsdale, 
N. H. He is 60 years of age and has 
lived in Boston forty years. About nine 
years ago he became totally blind but, 
despite the handicap, he renewed his 
efforts toward perfecting the machinery 
which he claims will render such great 
aid to the manufacturer of cotton cloth. 
He is a thirty-second degree Mason. 



Left to right — Miss Mary A. Fisher, court stenographer, who will accIUHl- 
pany her father, Daniel C. Fisher, who expects to revolutionize textile 
industry; Mrs. Fisher, who will sojourn on Continent with her hus- 
b andandd aughter^^^_ 


Monday, July 24, 1911. 



>rth Gujhf< 

Special Correspondence 

Branford,' JuTy 24.— Rev. EFT Ryer, 
the blind .pastor of the North Guilford 
Congregational church, preached at 
the First Congregational church in 
Branford yesterday in exchange with 
the. pastor, Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins. 

Mr. Ayer had not been heard in 
Branford since the death of Mrs. Ayer, 
and he was found much changed, his 
hair swon- white, showing suffering, 
but hi 3 message was strong and vig- 

He chose for his text St. John 14, 2, 
taken from the morning reading: "My 
Father's House," and from these 
words he preached a sermon replete 

with hope, full of pathos, love and 
promise. Mr. Ayer led up to the full 
significance of the text, through the 
boy and girl's love and pride in the 
old home of their earthly father; then 
launched out into the full meaning 
of "The Home" beyond the grave. 

Mr. Ayer said there is one who was 
here a year ago who is not here to- 
day. "I miss him. A year ago he came 
to me and in his earnest, loving, breezy 
way helped me so much. I feel that 
when God takes the loved ones, it is 
b&cause he can do so muoh more for 
them in His own house than He can 
do here." His tribute to Dr. Whitney 
was exceedingly dignified. He made 
no reference to his own terrible af- 
fliction, but he touched every heart 
present with the pathos, beauty and 
hopefulness of his text. 

"The Bible," and the preacher wax- 
ed eloquent, "is read and studied more 
today than ever before, because it con- 
tains the truth, and all the truth." 
Said he, "We hear today that the mas- 
ters in music have all passed away, 
and the poets are all dead. No, God 
is never going to be left without the 
voice of the great musician, nor the 
writing of the poet, nor the voices of 
those who proclaim the truth." 

Miss Laura Wilford was the soloist 
of the morning, and sang for offertory 
"Just As I Am," by Danks. 

Mr. Ayer will leave North Guilford 
in the autumn. Mr. Tompkins gave 
his people yesterday's opportunity to 
hear him once more in Branford be- 
fore he lea ves the vioinity. __^^ 

I — 


W. *. TflMM «S*™* 


nday, July 24, 19*1* \ 


of the Volumes in the 
|b!ic Library Are the Work 
>f Its Sightless Readers. 


Mrs. Kellock Found One Woman 

"Reading" the Name Cast In Her 

Stove to Satisfy Her Desire to Read. 

th the exception, possibly, of tli 
clerk at the Charity Department pier a 
the foot of East Twenty-sixth Street, no 
person has a wider acquaintance among 
the hlind in this city than has Miis. Fran- 
ces Kellock, instructor of the blind em- 
ployed by the New York Public Library. 
The Charity Department clerk comes in 
touch with the sightless ones once a year 
only, when they go to the pier to collect 
the pittance which the public allows to ! 
its unfortunates, but Mrs. Kellock goes 
among them, teaching them to see with 
their fingers and to read the books which ; 
the library provides. 

MM, Kellock is a kindly-faced, moth- 
erly woman. Her voice is sympathetic, 
and in the twelve years she has been en- 
gaged in the work she has opened the 
eyes, figuratively speaking, of hundreds 
of sightless ones to the evergrowing store- 
houses of knowledge that now lino the 
Shelves of the blind section of the library. 

The city supports an Institution for 
the education of the sightless, but there 
are many who, through age or sensi- 
tiveness at their infirmity, or ignor- 
ance of the library's existence, or inabil- 
ity to go about the streets, never have 
learned to read raised letters. And It is 
these whom Mrs. Kellock aims to reach. 
The controversy as to the respective 
merits of the different methods of sys- 
tems of blind letters has not affected her. 
She reads them, all the simple Line type, 
in which the Roman characters- are em- 
bossed, the Moon, a simplified form of 
the Line type. New York point, American 
Braille, and European or French Braille, 
which she considers the most difficult of 

The Line type Is taught to those who 
have lost their sight in old age, when 
the sensitiveness of their fingers lias 
been bulled by years of toil. It requires 
no study by those who "know their let- 
ters." The Mflon typo is a sirnplifcation 
of this, to enable more rapid reading by 
the elimination of unnecessary parts of 
letters, and it may be mastered in a 
few hours at most by the dullest pupil. 
The point and two Braille systems, how- 
ever, are used always by those born 
blind, and Mrs. Kellock says that com- 
paratively few old folk have the courage 
to undertake their mastery. 

" Of course, there are exceptions to 
this," said Mrs. Kellock the other day as 
she sat in the library receiving visitors, 
sighted and sightless. " One day I was 
walking down the avenue when I passed 
a man and woman. The man was blind 
and she was leading him. I hesitated 
about speaking to them then. Some per- 
sons may misconstrue one's motives, but 
Several days later I met- the woman, and 
She told me that the man was her hus- 
a lawyer, who had been blind for 

" ' Does he do any reading?' I asked. 
. " ' Oh, no. He is absolutely sightless,* 
replied the woman. 

" ' I would like to teach him the blind 

" ' Oh, if you only would,' she inter- 
rupted. ' It. would be a blessing to him 
and a relief to me. My voice is almosi 
gone from reading to him.' " 

" I called on the man." continued Mrs 
Kellock, " and in a few hours he hat 
mastered the Moon system. He reac 
every book in that type, and then asked 
me if I would teach Mm another. He 
took up New York point, which I con- 
sider the easiest of the dots systems, 
and it was a very short time before he 
had exhausted all he wanted of the 
library's books in that system. Then 
ho took up American Braille and later 
European Braille." 

Many of Mrs. Kellock's pupils try to 
repav the library for their instruction by 
copying books for the library, making 
the raised letters on paper with type- 
writers built for the purpose. In this 
way scores of books have been added to 
the shelves. 

" On one of my visits to Blaekwell s 
Island," said Mrs. Kellock, " I found a 
voung man who had been a soldier in the 
Spanish war, and who had lost his sight 
through privations in the Philippines 
He. too ran through all the reading sys- 
tems, and then Indirectly through my ef- 
forts he was transferred to the Soldiers' 
Home in Washington. 

" With his pension money he bought a 
t^ newrlter, and cODied for the library 
'Nicholas Nlckleby.' It made ten huge 
volumes, but it was highly appreciated 
by our readers. It was continually in 
circulation, and was in as great demand 
as anv one book we had. The other day, 
however, the fifth volume was destroyed 
! by fire in the home of a reader, and now 
the entire book is rendered valueless. 
We hope that the library will have the 
volume re-embossed at its own expense." 

Many are the strange sights presented 
to one continually circulating among the 
blind. Everv year the city compiles a list 
of its sightless ones, and this list Mrs. 
Kellock scans to get in touch with new 
persons in the district. 

" One of the addresses I got In tin* 
wav," said Mrs. Kellock, " was in Mot* 
Street. At the door of the house stood *» 
group of Chinamen, who made way f» r 
me to enter. I went to the second floor 
and the door on which I knocked was 
ofcefled by another Chinaman. I was 
afraid for awhile, but decided to go in. 

that his wife was ' welly seek 
and led me to a little rear room where I 
found her in bed. She was an Irish girl 
and had converted her nusband to the 
Baptist faith. Her husband was morn 
Inan grateful for the tittle i was able to 
do tor h 

On occasion. Mrs. Kellock said, 

she went to a house on the east side, up- 
town, to see a new case. In entering the 
Hat she found the woman, on the floor, 
feeling with her fingers, the raised letters 
cast 'in ' of the oven. 

" fc-'he had been blind lor several vear's," 
said Mrs. Kellock, "and knew nothing of 
the library. During the years of her dark- 
ness, the only reading matter she had was 
the tops of baking powder cans, which are 
embossed with the maker's name, the oven 
door, and bottles in which words were- 
blown. She had a big collection of bot- 
tles, and it had been her habit to sit and 

feel the letters. 

"'It is so good,' she said to me, 'to bo 
able to feel the letters I used to see." 

The library in her case, as in many 
another, was a God-send " 

Mrs. Kellock said she held the opinion 
that the city was pursuing a wrong 
method in dialing with it's poor blind. On 
the Island there are about 100 sightless 
s, and they cost to support about *:; 
a week. They live togelner and are of 
le help to each other, she said, and 

" How much better it would be if the 
city would pay the .fvi to some person to 
board the blind ones. A biind person 
.would he at a great advantage among 
ughted persons. They might be read to 
and assisted in many, many ways, and 
thee are plenty of kind-hearted persons 
Who would gladly take caro of ti.em for 
S3 a week." 

A; keel which was the worst case, a per- 
son blindy from birth or one who had 
had sight and then lost it, Mrs. Kellock 
said : 

'That is a question T have heard dis- 
cussed by two persons thus, respective! v. 
afflicted, and each seemed to think h)3 
case' was the more fortunate. 

" ' How terrible it must be to have se?n 
the flowers and the beautiful world, the 
sky, the moon, and all, and then to have- 
it all shut out,' said the person born 
blind. ' To have had an advantage and 
then II seems to nie much worse. 

than never to have known it. To ni« 
blindness is not an affliction. I have 
never known anything else, and ecarce'v 
ca conceive what sight is.' 

' To this the once sighted person took 
eption. ' I'm sure I'm the more fort- 
unate," she said. ' I have seen all the 
thing's, and while I see them no more, 
still in my mind's eye I can picture them. 
When they tell me of the glorious moon- 
light, I can recall just how it looks. I 
feel the flower, and when told it is red, 
or pink, I can picture it and r.eally can 
see it. Fair hair or dark has a meaning 

for ine. Everything 1 have .seen is treas- 
in memory. Never to have see;i 
must be by far the worst." 

" So vou see," concluded the speaker, 
" the question is undecided by the very 
persons thus afflicted. It i>3 only anr 
Other instance of the patience that cornel 
with lost sigh. We who can see have 
much to learn from those who live in a^ 
world of darkness." j0 



Wednesday, Jw!y 26, .1911. 


Blind. Man Who Orl K l«Kte«l&i>«pii Mnn- 


Daniel C. Fisher of Sbston, biind. 
Inventor of textile machinery. \Tmpmi*h 
his wife and daughter, Miss Mary A. Fish- 
er, sailed for Europe on the liner Franco- 
nia, yesterday, passed much of his youth 
and early manhood in the interests of 
Worcester concerns. 

He is taking textile machinery to Eu- 
rope for the purpoee of demonstration. He 
has recently invented machinery which he 
believes will revolutionize the manufac- 
ture of cotton, and he intends to show it 
to the manufacturers of Europe, 

Mr. Fisher was born in Hinsdale, N. H.. 
G3 years ago. He has lived in Boston 40 
years. He became blind about nine ye irs 
ago. but despite this handicap he has 
continued his work of inventing and per- 
fecting machinery with the end in view of 
rendering aid to the cotton industry. 

He began his business experience in 
Worcester in 1862. and since has been asso- 
ciated with several of the largest firms in 
the city, dealing with textile machinery 

He proved of inventive and practical 
turn of mind in his youth, turning his at- 
tention to the construction and promotion 
of mechanical devices, many of which are 
sold by Worcester firms. He is well 
known socially in Worcester. His suc- 
cess in the promotion and sale of the ma- 
chinery and products of Worcester manu- 
facturers has made him one of the best 
known men in the textile machinery busi- 
ness in the t'nited States and Canada. He 
is recognized as an authority in this class 
of machinery. 

Without assistance in the way of inven- 
tion or construction, he has recently de- 
veloped a machine which has universal 
application to cotton, wool and worsted, 
something never before - accomplished 
without extensive change in construction. 
His machine does the work with no neces- 
sary change in its operation. 

The adoption of this machine by textile 
mills is calculated to create a revolution 
in many of the processes of manufacture 
now in use, and the inventor claims it will 
decrease the expense of manufacture and 
increase the production and at the sasie 
lime decrease the wastefproducts common 
in ordinary processes. 

This invention has been made from his 
own verbal instruction, without assistance 
from anyone except the help in the mill 
where the first demonstrations were made. 


Sunday. July 9, .1911. 



Ik Saw lhar I Alrjt 

^^ w .r -i/ 


Music Avalceiis 3 
fkc Soul of 


a Boyvho is 

Blind and Deaf 

Ftocco De Muccio, 

for Whom the 

World Is Dark 

and Silent, Has 

Learned the 
ornet in Nine 
onths — Soon 
e Will March in 

the Band of Deaf 

Mute Boys at His 

School and 

When He Grows 

Up He Hopes 

to Be a G 


jght went out for little Rocco DeMuc- 
|t tour years ago. And as he groped 
the darkness he entered the 
too. Rocco was nine then, 
aTid it seMHfcl so strange — not to be able 
to play in the street* or go to school any more, or 
hear his mother call or catch the prattle of the 
newest baby in the family of six kiddles. He could 
hardly realise It— scarlet fever had taken away both 
his sight and his hearing. So he cried softly to 
himself day after day, hoping always lor the light 
to come again and for the noise of tha carta rat- 
tling by in the streets urn! the sound of the voices 
of those he loved. £§ 

"Oh, mamma, when can I see again?" he sobbed 
over and over again. 

There was no answer. The mother vt| weeping 
herself, too, and she could only pat her poor boy . 
and kiss his sightlesB eyes. But he could not hear 
or understand. In a twinkling, as it were, the world 
had been blotted out for him. And there was none 
to let him know. He knew nothing Of the reading 
for the blind or of the finger talk for the deaf, 
much less of that subtler thing, the hand-to-.hand 
language whi^i^Miose who are deaf and dumb and 

Rocco had been a normal little boy before; now 
his two most important senses were gone. He had 
to begin to live again! With his fingers alone to 
help him his was the task of finding his way out 
of the gloom and the silence. 

The De Muccio family, father, mother and six 
children, live at No. 280 Varick street, New York. 
The father is blind and they are very poor. So 
the oldest sister— she Is fifteen— has to work, and 
the mother scrubs and sews to help the helpless 
father and the four others. As for Rocco he has 
fallen into kindly hands at the New York Institu- 
tion for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb on 
Washington Heights, and he Is learning all the les- 
sons that boys and girls learn who can hear and 
speak and see. And Rocco is going to earn his liv- 
ing when he grows up by making hammocks. 

He made a fine, big one only the other day— a 
hammock that anybody would buy In a store who 
was looking for something extra fine. But Rocco 
dreams of other things than hammocks oijiifyeaving 
cane seats or making brushes, the comm 
pations of the blind. 

He wants to be a musician! 

Cut off from' sound himself he wants to 
sound for others to hear; he wants to pout out 
little soul in music that he cannot hear himself. 

"And he will do it, too," said Major William Va 
Tassel, who teaches the boys their drill by the sign 
manual alone. 

Rocco was there, led In by an attendant— a. bright- 
faced boy of thirteen now, with great black eyes 
that look full into the sun and never catch a^&y. 
He» had on his best gray uniform that day, just as 
he had proudly worn It a few days before when 
the deaf and dumb boys and girls and the deaf and 
dumb and blind boys and girls were having the ex- 
ercises at the close of the school year. He wore a 
white belt and on a shoulder strap he carried the 


Rocco De Muccio in his uniform as a member of 
the band of the New York Institution for the In- 
struction of the Deaf and Dumb. 

same music case that the other boys in the deaf- 
mute band wear, only his is for show, he cannot 
read his music. A well-setting cap and white gloves 
completed his natty cadet attire, and in his iiand 
he held his beloved cornet, polished till it shone 
like burnished gold. 

Just the rudiment of hearing is left to Rocco. 
If one shouts in his ear he can understand, and if 
a musical instrument is turned against his ear he 
can catch the music faintly, just enough to learn 
the air. But he cannot converse as the blind can 
who are able to hear and he has had to learn the 
finger-talk of the deaf and the hand-to-hand talk 
of those who are blind as well as deaf and dumb. 

Major Van Tassel took Rocco's hand and spelled 
on it, "Play for us." 

Rocco smiled, and like the little soldier that he 
is, obeyed orders. The shining cornet was pressed 
to his well-shaped lips and one gloved hand clasped 
the responsive keys. Then he blew soft and clear 
an exquisite melody, now trembling and almost 
dying away, and then mounting higher and higher 
until it ended in a triumphant flourish of joy. 

"What is that?" asked Major Van Tassel, spell- 
ing his question on Rocco's palm. 

"The Song That I Alone Can Know," said Rocco, 

He was very brave about it, but there was just 
a little tear in the big, black, sightless eyes— indeed. 
it was the song that he alone could know, for his 
own music exists only in his mind. But he re- 
members. And when ha glues his lips tighter to the 
trumpet and pours out his music, now soft and 
low, now clea* and loud, it is the soul of the boy 
seeking the light that can never be his! 

•"Can you remember when you could see?" asked 
the Major, and Rocco spoke up eagerly— it Is a 
blessing that he had his speech before sound and 
light were taken from him forever. 

*K)h, yes," answered the boy, brightly, when he 

band in 

on Wash- 

, New York 

comprehended th< 
question* £;*' I remem ; 
ber the dKets and m, 
school and the tree 
and the grass and th< 
flowers, i rememhe 
^Pany things— the boy 
and my teacher an 
King street, where 
lived then, and how 
my mother and my 
father look. My father 
is blind, too, you 

"Can you remember 
colors?" was spelled to 
'•Oh, yes." 
"What is g r e e 
like?" again. 

"Oh. it's darker tha 
white; it's like grass.' 
The little face was 
all smiles now; Rocco 
was remembering. And 
he was hoping. He 
has not been told yet 
that he wall never see 
again, and so he is 
ever looking forward 
to the light. 

"If I'm blind when I 
grow up," he said, 


eagerly, "I'm going to 
work to help my 
mother and father. 
But if I can't, why, 
I'll go to the blind 
place where I was be- 
fore, downtown." 

Rocco had been at 
the Institution for the 
Blind before he went 
up to Washington 
Heights, hut little 
could be done for him 
there (because of his 
lack of hearing. So he 
was sent uptown, 
where there are other 
boys and girls afflict- 
ed as he, and where 
patience and many 
years bring to them 
everything but light 
and sound— the knowl- 
edge of such things as 
conscience and cour- 
age and truth and 
wisdom and other ab- 
stract things which 
are hard enough to 
teach to children who 
can see and hear. 

But learning to play is even harder, far harder. 
Rocco began his music last September. It took in- 
finite patience on the instructor's part and infinite 
pains on Rocco's. First the tune was blown as 
loud as possible into his ear. Then this was run 
over, again and again, until he had memorized the 
air in his mind. Then the cornet was placed to the 
instructor's lips, and with his hand Rocco felt how 
the keys were touched and the lips shaped 'or 
each different note. Then as the instructor played 
the air the^boy put his hands on the keys and mem- 
orized the pressing down of each one. After months 
of toll he learned to play— now it is merely a mat- 
ter of 'memory. He has mastered the instrument; 
it is only adding to his repertoire as new melodies 
are played for him by his teacher. 

"I can play eighteen or twenty calls already," 
said Rocco proudly, and putting his trumpet to his 
lips, he trilled out "mess call" and "assembly" and 
"church" and many more, just as he blows them 
every day for the boys who cannot hear, hut see 
the call as their instructors spell it out for them on 

their fingers. 

"If he can do this In nine months," put in Major 
Van Tassel, "Chink what he will he able to do next 
year and in the years to come. Next year he is go- 
ing to march with our hand. He can play with 
one hand now, and with his hand on the shoulder 
of the boy in front of him he will be ahle to march 
as well as the rest of flhem." 

Brave little Rocco, he still hopes (o see again, and 
he sings his hope in his trumpet song. But it is 
never to be! 

■=S=JT-1.. „ .. 


7 I